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Encyclopedia > Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone
Systematic (IUPAC) name
4,5a-Epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one tartrate (1:1) hydrate (2:5)
Identifiers
CAS number 125-29-1
ATC code R05DA03
PubChem 5284569
DrugBank APRD00591
Chemical data
Formula C18H21NO3 
Mol. mass 299.368
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability High
Metabolism Hepatic
Half life 3.8 hours
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

Category B (USA) drawn in bkchem and GIMP This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... IUPAC nomenclature is a system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System is used for the classification of drugs. ... A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. ... PubChem is a database of chemical molecules. ... The DrugBank database available at the University of Alberta is a unique bioinformatics and cheminformatics resource that combines detailed drug (i. ... A chemical formula is an easy way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... For other uses, see Carbon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the chemistry of hydrogen. ... General Name, symbol, number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... This article is about the chemical element and its most stable form, or dioxygen. ... The molecular mass (abbreviated Mr) of a substance, formerly also called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW, is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). ... The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII strings. ... In pharmacology, bioavailability is used to describe the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs. ... Drug metabolism is the metabolism of drugs, their biochemical modification or degradation, usually through specialized enzymatic systems. ... The liver is an organ in vertebrates including humans. ... The biological half-life of a substance is the time required for half of that substance to be removed from an organism by either a physical or a chemical process. ... The kidneys are important excretory organs in vertebrates. ... The pregnancy category of a pharmaceutical agent is an assessment of the risk of fetal injury due to the pharmaceutical, if it is used as directed by the mother during pregnancy. ...

Legal status

Class A(UK) Schedule III when in combination product (USA) The regulation of therapeutic goods, that is drugs and therapeutic devices, varies by jurisdiction. ... The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (c. ... This box:      The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. ... Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

Routes Oral, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, sublingual, intranasal

Hydrocodone or dihydrocodeinone is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from two of the naturally occurring opiates, codeine and thebaine. Hydrocodone is an orally active narcotic analgesic and antitussive. It is commonly available in tablet, capsule, and syrup form and is often synthesized with other analgesic compounds like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. It is marketed, in its varying forms, under a number of trademarks, including Vicodin, Symtan, Anexsia, Dicodid, Hycodan (or generically Hydromet), Hycomine, Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Novahistex, Hydroco, Tussionex, Gentex, Vicoprofen, Xodol, Bekadid, Calmodid, Codinovo, Duodin, Kolikodol, Orthoxycol, Mercodinone, Synkonin, Norgan, and Hydrokon. Hydrocodone was first synthesized in Germany in 1920[1] and was approved by the FDA on 23 March 1943 for sale in the United States under the brand name Hycodan.[2][3] In pharmacology and toxicology, a route of administration is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison or other substance is brought into contact with the body. ... An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. ... For other uses see Opiate (disambiguation), or for the class of drugs see Opioid. ... For the band, see Codeine (band). ... A minor constituent of opium, thebaine or paramorphine (C19H21NO3) is chemically similar to both morphine and codeine, but produces stimulatory rather than depressant effects. ... 19th century Heroin bottle This article is about the drug classification. ... An analgesic (colloquially known as a painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain (achieve analgesia). ... Cough medicine often contains cough suppressants and expectorants. ... Acetaminophen (USAN) or paracetamol (INN), is a popular analgesic and antipyretic drug that is used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains. ... Coated 200 mg ibuprofen tablets Ibuprofen (INN) (IPA: ) (from the earlier and no longer correct nomenclature iso-butyl-propanoic-phenolic acid) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) originally marketed as Brufen, and since then under various other trademarks (see tradenames section), most notably Advil and Motrin. ... The Bass Red Triangle, was the first trademark registered in Britain in 1876. ... Two variations of Vicodin, with different amounts of hydrocodone / paracetamol (acetaminophen) in each Vicodin is a trademarked brand of narcotic analgesics (painkillers) containing hydrocodone and paracetamol (acetaminophen). ... FDA redirects here. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about brands in marketing. ...

Contents

Overview

Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10mg/Acetaminophen 650mg
Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10mg/
Acetaminophen 650mg

As a narcotic, hydrocodone relieves pain by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord. It can be taken with or without food as desired. When taken with alcohol, it can intensify drowsiness. It may interact with monoamine oxidase inhibitors, as well as other drugs that cause drowsiness. It is in FDA pregnancy category B: its effect on an embryo or fetus is not clearly known and pregnant women should consult their physicians before taking it. Common side effects include dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, drowsiness, constipation, vomiting, and euphoria. Some less common side effects are allergic reaction, blood disorders, changes in mood, mental fogginess, anxiety, lethargy, difficulty urinating, spasm of the ureter, irregular or depressed respiration, and rash. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (700x641, 299 KB) Summary Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen 10/650 by Watson Pharmaceuticals. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (700x641, 299 KB) Summary Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen 10/650 by Watson Pharmaceuticals. ... Look up Pain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Brain (disambiguation). ... The Spinal cord nested in the vertebral column. ... Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are a class of antidepressant drugs prescribed for the treatment of depression. ... FDA redirects here. ... The pregnancy category of a pharmaceutical agent is an assessment of the risk of fetal injury due to the pharmaceutical, if it is used as directed by the mother during pregnancy. ... For other uses, see Embryo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fetus (disambiguation). ... An adverse drug reaction (abbreviated ADR) or adverse drug event (abbreviated ADE) is an expression that describes the unwanted, negative consequences associated with the use of given medications. ... Many different terms are often used to describe what is collectively known as dizziness. ... Light-headedness is a common and often unpleasant sensation of dizziness and/or feeling that one may be about to faint, which may be transient, recurrent, or occasionally chronic. ... For other uses, see Nausea (disambiguation). ... A sedative is a substance that depresses the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in calmness, relaxation, reduction of anxiety, sleepiness, and slowed breathing, as well as slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes. ... Constipation, costiveness, or irregularity, is a condition of the digestive system where a person (or animal) experiences hard feces that are difficult to egest. ... Vomiting (or emesis) is the forceful expulsion of the contents of ones stomach through the mouth. ... Euphoria (Greek ) is a medically recognized emotional state related to happiness. ... Allergy is an abnormal reaction to a substance foreign to the body that is acquired, predictable and rapid. ... For other uses, see Blood (disambiguation). ... Anxiety is a physiological state characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components[1]. These components combine to create the feelings that we typically recognize as anger and known as fear, apprehension, or worry. ... Fatigue is a feeling of excessive tiredness or lethargy, with a desire to rest, perhaps to sleep. ... Manneken Pis of Brussels. ... A spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ, or a similarly sudden contraction of an orifice. ... Transverse section of ureter. ... In animal physiology, respiration is the transport of oxygen from the ambient air to the tissue cells and the transport of carbon dioxide in the opposite direction. ... A rash is a change in skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture. ...


Hydrocodone is habit-forming, and can lead to physical and psychological addiction, but the potential for addiction varies from individual to individual depending on unique biological differences. Sales and production of this drug have increased significantly in recent years, as have diversion and illicit use. In the U.S., pure hydrocodone and forms containing more than 15 mg per dosage unit are considered Schedule II drugs. Those containing less than or equal to 15 mg per dosage unit in combination with acetaminophen or another non-controlled drug are called hydrocodone compounds and are considered Schedule III drugs. Hydrocodone is typically found in combination with other drugs such as paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen and homatropine methylbromide. The purpose of the non-controlled drugs in combination is often twofold. 1) To provide increased analgesia via drug synergy. 2) To limit the intake of hydrocodone by causing unpleasant and often unsafe side effects at higher than prescribed doses (See Below). In the UK it is listed as a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. Hydrocodone is not available in pure form in the United States due to a separate regulation, and is always sold with an NSAID, acetaminophen or an antihistamine. The cough preparation Codiclear DH is the purest US hydrocodone item, containing guaifenesin and small amounts of ethanol as active ingredients. In Germany and elsewhere, hydrocodone is available as single-active-ingredient tablets as Dicodid (by analogy to the original manufacturer's other products Dilaudid and Dinarkon and others) available in 5 and 10 mg strengths. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This box:      The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. ... A hydrocodone compund is a pharmacutical compound in dosage strengths of 15/200 (15 milligrams of hydrocodone and 200 milligrams of tylenol), 10/200, and 10/100. ... This box:      The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. ... Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN) is a widely-used analgesic and antipyretic. ... This article is about the drug. ... Coated 200 mg ibuprofen tablets Ibuprofen (INN) (IPA: ) (from the earlier and no longer correct nomenclature iso-butyl-propanoic-phenolic acid) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) originally marketed as Brufen, and since then under various other trademarks (see tradenames section), most notably Advil and Motrin. ... Homatropine (Equipin®, Isopto Homatropine®) is an anticholinergic medication that inhibits muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and thus the parasympathetic nervous system. ... Synergy (from the Greek synergos, συνεργός meaning working together, circa 1660) refers to the phenomenon in which two or more discrete influences or agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effects of the individual agents. ... Class A is the highest classification of illegal drugs in the United Kingdom. ... The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (c. ... Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, usually abbreviated to NSAIDs, are drugs with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects - they reduce pain, fever and inflammation. ... Grain alcohol redirects here. ...


Overdosing risks

The presence of acetaminophen in hydrocodone-containing products deters many drug users from taking excessive amounts. However, some users will get around this by extracting a portion of the acetaminophen using cold water, taking advantage of the water-soluble element of the drug. It is not uncommon for addicts to have liver problems from consuming excessive amounts of acetaminophen over a long period of time; taking 10,000 to 15,000 milligrams (10 to 15 grams) of acetaminophen in a period of 24 hours typically results in severe hepatotoxicity, and doses in the range of 15,000–20,000 milligrams a day have been reported as fatal.[4] It is this factor that leads many recreational users to use only single entity opiates such as OxyContin. One of the major problems today with the illicit use of hydrocodone, especially in younger populations, is that users may not be aware that hydrocodone pills contain acetaminophen. Consuming more than 4,000 milligrams of acetaminophen a day can cause liver damage, jaundice, and even liver failure[5] if the drug is being taken in narcotic effect seeking dosages for an extended period of time. Acetaminophen (USAN) or paracetamol (INN), is a popular analgesic and antipyretic drug that is used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains. ... Cold water extraction is the process whereby a substance is extracted from a mixture via cold water. ... Hepatotoxicity (from hepatic toxicity) implies chemical-driven liver damage. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ...


Daily consumption of hydrocodone should not exceed 40 milligrams in patients not tolerant to opiates. However, the 2006 PDR (Physicians Desk Reference) clearly states that Norco 10, containing 10 milligrams of hydrocodone and 325 milligrams of APAP (viz., acetaminophen or paracetamol), can be taken at a dosage of up to twelve tablets per day (120 milligrams of hydrocodone). Such high amounts of hydrocodone are only intended for opiate-tolerant patients, and titration to such levels must be monitored very carefully. This restriction is only limited by the fact that twelve tablets, each containing 325 milligrams of APAP, puts the patient right below the 24-hour FDA maximum of 4,000 mg of APAP. Some specially compounded products are routinely given to chronic pain patients in doses of up to 180 mg of hydrocodone per day. Symptoms of hydrocodone overdosage include respiratory depression, extreme somnolence, coma, stupor, cold and/or clammy skin, sometimes bradycardia, and hypotension. A severe overdose may involve circulatory collapse cardiac arrest and/or death. Mixing hydrocodone with alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, methylphenidate, benzodiazapines, barbiturates, and a number of other medication can have severe adverse reactions including but not limited to: heart failure, heart attack, respiratory distress, pulmonary failure, liver or kidney failure, jaundice, amnesia, seizures, blackouts and coma. Mixing acetaminophen with other NSAID analgesics like sulindac can cause serious damage to organs. The Physicians Desk Reference (PDR) is a commercially published compilation of manufacturers prescribing information on prescription drugs, updated annually. ... Paracetamol (INN) (IPA: ) or acetaminophen (USAN) is a widely-used analgesic and antipyretic. ... Somnolence (or drowsiness) is a state of near-sleep, a strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods. ... Bradycardia, as applied to adult medicine, is defined as a resting heart rate of under 60 beats per minute, though it is seldom symptomatic until the rate drops below 50 beat/min. ... In physiology and medicine, hypotension refers to an abnormally low blood pressure. ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ...


Alcohol

It is not recommended to mix any amounts of hydrocodone and alcohol as doing so could cause health problems. APAP is metabolized solely by the liver. Therefore the risk of fatal overdose due to hepatotoxicity can occur with significantly lower levels of APAP when mixed with ethanol. Also the mixture causes serious damage to the liver, kidneys, and stomach wall. It also increases the potential for coma, respiratory problems, and can damage the CNS.[6] Due to the feeling of euphoria it provides, these potentially negative consequences are often ignored by physically and/or psychologically dependent users. Grain alcohol redirects here. ... Hepatotoxicity (from hepatic toxicity) implies chemical-driven liver damage. ...


Hydrocodone compounds

Hydrocodone and acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol or abbreviated as APAP) 5-500 tablets (Mallinckrodt).
Hydrocodone and acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol or abbreviated as APAP) 5-500 tablets (Mallinckrodt).

When sold commercially in the United States, hydrocodone is always combined with another medication. Those combined with acetaminophen are known by various trademark names, such as Vicodin and Lortab. Hydrocodone also can be combined with aspirin (e.g., Lortab ASA), ibuprofen (e.g., Vicoprofen), and certain antihistamines (e.g., Chemdal HD). Pure hydrocodone tablets or capsules are not offered currently by any USA drug company.[citation needed] However according to the DEA there have been reports of 8 mg. makeshift Hydrocodone capsules. Acetaminophen (USAN) or paracetamol (INN), is a popular analgesic and antipyretic drug that is used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains. ... This article is about the drug. ... Coated 200 mg ibuprofen tablets Ibuprofen (INN) (IPA: ) (from the earlier and no longer correct nomenclature iso-butyl-propanoic-phenolic acid) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) originally marketed as Brufen, and since then under various other trademarks (see tradenames section), most notably Advil and Motrin. ... An antihistamine is a drug which serves to reduce or eliminate effects mediated by histamine, an endogenous chemical mediator released during allergic reactions, through action at the histamine receptor. ...


Combining an opioid such as hydrocodone with another analgesic can increase the effectiveness of the drug without increasing opioid-related side effects (e.g., nausea, constipation, sedation). Another argument for combining hydrocodone with acetaminophen is that it limits the potential for abuse. In tolerant users, hydrocodone can be taken in large doses relatively safely, but acetaminophen is fatally toxic to the liver in large quantities. An analgesic (colloquially known as a painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain (achieve analgesia). ...


See also

For the band, see Codeine (band). ... Drug addiction, or dependency is the compulsive use of drugs, to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use. ... A hydrocodone compund is a pharmacutical compound in dosage strengths of 15/200 (15 milligrams of hydrocodone and 200 milligrams of tylenol), 10/200, and 10/100. ... Hydromorphone is a drug developed in Germany in the 1920s and introduced to the mass market beginning in 1926. ... An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ... Two variations of Vicodin, with different amounts of hydrocodone / paracetamol (acetaminophen) in each Vicodin is a trademarked brand of narcotic analgesics (painkillers) containing hydrocodone and paracetamol (acetaminophen). ... Dr. Gregory House, M.D., is a fictional character and protagonist of the Fox medical drama House. ...

References

  1. ^ Mannich, C.; Löwenheim, H. (1920). "Ueber zwei neue Reduktionsprodukte des Kodeins". Archiv der Pharmazie 258: 295–316. doi:10.1002/ardp.19202580218. 
  2. ^ Drugs@FDA - Approval History: Hycodan. FDA. Retrieved on 2006-01-07.
  3. ^ FDA Docket No. 2007N-0353, Drug Products Containing Hydrocodone; Enforcement Action Dates. FDA. Retrieved on 2006-01-07. See section I. B., DESI Review of Hydrocodone Products
  4. ^ Rx List
  5. ^ Acetaminophen (Tylenol) - side effects, drug class, medical uses, and drug interactions by MedicineNet.com
  6. ^ Draganov, P.; Durrence, H.; Cox, C.; Reuben, A. (January 2000). "Alcohol-acetaminophen syndrome". Postgraduate Medicine 107 (1). 

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Ziconotide is a non-opioid, non local anesthetic used for the amelioration of chronic pain. ... Cough medicine often contains cough suppressants and expectorants. ... A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. ... A cough medicine or antitussive is a medication given to people to help them stop coughing. ... Tyloxapol is a nonionic liquid polymer of the alkyl aryl polyether alcohol type; used as a surfactant to aid liquefaction and removal of mucopurulent (containing mucus and pus) bronchopulmonary secretions, administered by inhalation through a nebulizer or with a stream of oxygen. ... R-phrases 36, 38, 42-43, 61 S-phrases 26, 36-37, 39, 45 Related Compounds Other anions potassium bromide potassium chloride Other cations lithium iodide sodium iodide rubidium iodide caesium iodide Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 Â°C, 100 kPa... Guaifenesin (IPA: ) (INN) or guaiphenesin (former BAN) is an expectorant drug usually taken orally to assist the expectoration (bringing up) of phlegm from the airways in acute respiratory tract infections. ... Binomial name Psychotria ipecacuanha Ipecacuanha (Psychotria ipecacuanha) of family Rubiaceae is a flowering plant, the root of which is most commonly used to make syrup of ipecac, a powerful emetic. ... Species Althaea armeniaca Althaea broussonetiifolia * Althaea cannabina - Hemp-leaved Marshmallow Althaea hirsuta - Hairy Marshmallow Althaea longifolia Althaea ludwigii Althaea narbonensis * Althaea officinalis - Marshmallow * Not accepted as distinct by all authors Althaea is a genus of 6-12 species of perennial herbs, including the marshmallow plant whence the confection got its... Senega is the dried root of the Polygala Senega, which is official in the British and United States pharmacopoeias. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... 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Acetyldihydrocodeine is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For the band, see Codeine (band). ... Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is an antitussive (cough suppressant) drug found in many over-the-counter cold and cough medicines. ... Diacetylmorphine (INN), diamorphine (BAN), or more commonly heroin, is a semi-synthetic opioid. ... Dihydrocodeine, also called DHC, Drocode, Paracodeine and Parzone and by the brand names of Synalgos DC, Panlor DC, Panlor SS, SS Bron, Drocode, Paracodin, Codidol, Didor Continus, Dicogesic, Codhydrine, Dekacodin, DH-Codeine, Didrate, Dihydrin, Hydrocodin, Nadeine, Novicodin, Rapacodin, Fortuss, Dico, and DF-118 amongst others, is a semi-synthetic opioid... Dimemorfan is a cough suppressant. ... 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Clofedanol (INN) or chlophedianol (BAN) is a centrally-acting cough suppressant used in the treatment of dry cough. ... Cloperastine is a cough suppressant. ... Diphenhydramine hydrochloride (trade name Benadryl as produced by Johnson & Johnson, or Dimedrol outside the U.S. & Canada. ... Dibunate is a cough suppressant. ... Dimethoxanate is a cough suppressant. ... Droxypropine is a cough suppressant. ... Dropropizine (or dipropizine) is a cough suppressant. ... Fedrilate is a cough suppressant. ... Levodropropizine is a cough suppressant. ... Meprotixol is a cough suppressant. ... Morclofone is a cough suppressant. ... Nepinalone is a cough suppressant. ... Oxolamine is a cough suppressant. ... Oxeladin is a cough suppressant. ... Pentoxyverine (rINN) or carbetapentane is a cough suppressant. ... Pipazetate (or pipazethate) is a cough suppressant. ... Prenoxdiazine (or libexin) is a cough suppressant. ... Piperidione is a cough suppressant. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
hydrocondone/ acetaminophen (Vicodin, Vicodin ES) - drug class, medical uses, medication side effects, and drug ... (576 words)
Hydrocodone blocks the receptors on nerve cells in the brain that give rise to the sensation of pain.
Frequently, hydrocodone and acetaminophen are combined to achieve pain relief, as in Vicodin and Lortab.
Hydrocodone can depress breathing, and should be used with caution in elderly, debilitated patients and in patients with serious lung disease.
Hydrocodone (1554 words)
Hydrocodone (related to codeine) is in a class of drugs called narcotic analgesics.
hydrocodone and acetaminophen is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether it will be harmful to an unborn baby.
Symptoms of an hydrocodone and acetaminophen overdose may include slow breathing, seizures, dizziness, weakness, loss of consciousness, coma, confusion, tiredness, cold and clammy skin, small pupils, nausea, vomiting, and sweating.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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