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Encyclopedia > Hydrangea
Hydrangea
Hydrangea macrophylla
Hydrangea macrophylla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cornales
Family: Hydrangeaceae
Genus: Hydrangea
L.
Species

See text Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 321 KB) Light Mauve Hydrangea File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hydrangea ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Genus Broussaisia Carpenteria Decumaria Deutzia Fendlera Fendlerella Hydrangea Jamesia Philadelphus Schizophragma Whipplea Hydrangeaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known for one of its members, the Hydrangea. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ...

Hydrangea (common names also Hydrangea, in English pronounced IPA [haɪˈdɹeɪnʤ(i)ə], and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70-75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America. The flowers are extremely common in the Azores Islands of Portugal, particularly on Faial Island, which is known as the "blue island" due to the vast number of hydrangeas present on the island. By far the greatest species diversity is in eastern Asia, notably China and Japan (See: Japanese Ajisai flower). Most are shrubs 1-3 m tall, but some are small trees, and others lianas reaching up to 30 m by climbing up trees. They can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the widely cultivated temperate species are all deciduous. Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... Faial Island (also known in English as Fayal) is a Portuguese island of the Central group (Grupo Central) of the Azores. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A liana is woody climber. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off) and is typically used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


Hydrangea flowers are produced from early spring to late autumn; they grow in flowerheads (corymbs or panicles) at the ends of the stems. In many species, the flowerheads contain two types of flowers, small fertile flowers in the middle of the flowerhead, and large, sterile bract-like flowers in a ring around the edge of each flowerhead. Other species have all the flowers fertile and of the same size. Look up flower in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structure A panicle is a compound raceme; a branched, indeterminate inflorescence with pedicellate flowers (and fruit) attached along the secondary branches (in another words, a branched cluster of flowers in which the branches are racemes). ... White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structures holding the fruits. ...


In most species the flowers are white, but in some species (notably H. macrophylla), can be blue, red, pink, or purple. In these species the exact colour often depends on the pH of the soil; acidic soils produce blue flowers, neutral soils produce very pale cream petals, and alkaline soils results in pink or purple. Hydrangeas are one of very few plants that accumulate aluminium. Aluminium is released from acidic soils, and in some species, forms complexes in the hydrangea flower giving them their blue colour. White is the combination of all the colors of the visible light spectrum. ... The correct title of this article is . ... Acidity redirects here. ... The common (Arrhenius) definition of a base is a chemical compound that either donates hydroxide ions or absorbs hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. ... General Name, symbol, number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, period, block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 26. ...


Species in the related genus Schizophragma, also in Hydrangeaceae, are also often known as hydrangeas. Schizophragma hydrangeoides and Hydrangea petiolaris are both commonly known as climbing hydrangeas. Binomial name Schizophragma hydrangeoides Schizophragma is a genus of liana in the Hydrangeaceae. ... Species Four species, including: Schizophragma hydrangeoides Schizophragma integrifolium Schizophragma is a genus of four species of lianas in the Hydrangeaceae, native to Asia from the Himalaya east to Taiwan and Japan. ... Binomial name Hydrangea petiolaris Siebold & Zucc. ...

Contents

Partial list of species

Hydrangea sp, fertile individual flower.
Hydrangea sp, fertile individual flower.
Hydrangea, flowers in winter.
Hydrangea, flowers in winter.
H. macrophylla, Watermouth Castle, north Devon, England
closeup of petals
closeup of petals
  • Hydrangea anomala (Climbing Hydrangea). Himalaya, southwest China.
  • Hydrangea arborescens (Smooth Hydrangea). Eastern North America.
  • Hydrangea aspera. China, Himalaya.
  • Hydrangea bretschneideri. China.
  • Hydrangea candida. China.
  • Hydrangea caudatifolia. China.
  • Hydrangea chinensis. China.
  • Hydrangea chungii. China.
  • Hydrangea cinerea (Ashy Hydrangea). Eastern United States.
  • Hydrangea coacta. China.
  • Hydrangea coenobialis. China.
  • Hydrangea davidii. China.
  • Hydrangea dumicola. China.
  • Hydrangea gracilis. China.
  • Hydrangea heteromalla. Himalaya, west and north China.
  • Hydrangea hirta. Japan.
  • Hydrangea hypoglauca. China.
  • Hydrangea integrifolia. China.
  • Hydrangea involucrata. Japan, Taiwan.
  • Hydrangea kawakamii. Taiwan.
  • Hydrangea kwangsiensis. China.
  • Hydrangea kwangtungensis. China.
  • Hydrangea lingii. China.
  • Hydrangea linkweiensis. China.
  • Hydrangea longifolia. China.
  • Hydrangea longipes. Western China.
  • Hydrangea macrocarpa. China.
  • Hydrangea macrophylla (Bigleaf Hydrangea). Korea, Southern Japan.
  • Hydrangea mangshanensis. China.
  • Hydrangea paniculata (Panicled Hydrangea). Eastern China, Korea, Japan, Sakhalin.
  • Hydrangea petiolaris (Climbing Hydrangea). Japan, Korea, Sakhalin.
  • Hydrangea quercifolia (Oakleaf Hydrangea). Southeast United States.
  • Hydrangea radiata (Silverleaf Hydrangea). Southeast United States.
  • Hydrangea robusta. China, Himalaya.
  • Hydrangea sargentiana. Western China.
  • Hydrangea scandens. Southern Japan south to the Philippines.
  • Hydrangea serrata. Japan, Korea.
  • Hydrangea serratifolia. Chile, western Argentina.
  • Hydrangea stenophylla. China.
  • Hydrangea strigosa. China.
  • Hydrangea stylosa. China.
  • Hydrangea sungpanensis. China.
  • Hydrangea xanthoneura. China.
  • Hydrangea zhewanensis. China.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 681 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 901 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 681 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 901 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... A very large Hydrangea at Watermouth Castle, north Devon, England. ... A very large Hydrangea at Watermouth Castle, north Devon, England. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1344 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) author: darrell. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1344 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) author: darrell. ... Binomial name Hydrangea anomala A Climbing Hydrangea is a hydrangea native to the woodlands of Japan and coastal China. ... Binomial name L Hydrangea arborescens, commonly known as Wild Hydrangea or Smooth Hydrangea, is a species of Hydrangea native to eastern North America. ... Binomial name Small Hydrangea cinerea (Ashy Hydrangea) is a species of Hydrangea native to eastern North America. ... Binomial name Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb. ... Binomial name Hydrangea petiolaris Siebold & Zucc. ... Binomial name Hydrangea quercifolia Bartram The Oakleaf hydrangea is a hydrangea native to the United States. ...

Cultivation and uses

Hydrangeas are popular ornamental plants, grown for their large flowerheads, with Hydrangea macrophylla being by far the most widely grown with over 600 named cultivars, many selected to have only large sterile flowers in the flowerheads. Some are best pruned on an annual basis when the new leaf buds begin to appear. If not pruned regularly, the bush will become very 'leggy', growing upwards until the weight of the stems is greater than their strength, at which point the stems will sag down to the ground and possibly break. Other species only flower on 'old wood'. Thus new wood resulting from pruning will not produce flowers until the following season. Petunia This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...


Hydrangeas are moderately toxic if eaten, with all parts of the plant containing cyanogenic glycosides. However, poisoning is rare, as the plant does not look like an enticing food source. In chemistry, glycosides are certain molecules in which a sugar part is bound to some other part. ...


In Korea, Hydrangea serrata is used for a herbal tea called Sansugug (산수국). Herbal tea An herbal tea, tisane, or ptisan is an herbal infusion not made from the leaves of the tea bush (Camellia sinensis). ...


Hydrangea paniculata is sometimes smoked to produce cannabis-like effects. [1] Look up Cannabis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Diseases

Main article: List of hydrangea diseases

This article is a list of diseases of hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophylla). ...

References

1 http://www.erowid.org/herbs/hydrangea/hydrangea.shtml


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Hydrangea

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hydrangea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (430 words)
Hydrangea (common name also Hydrangea; pronounced haidréindʒiə) is a genus of about 70-75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America.
Hydrangea flowers are produced from early spring to late autumn; they grow in flowerheads (corymbs or panicles) at the ends of the stems.
Hydrangeas are popular ornamental plants, grown for their large flowerheads, with Hydrangea macrophylla being by far the most widely grown with over 600 named cultivars, many selected to have only large sterile flowers in the flowerheads.
Hydrangea macrophylla - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (203 words)
Hydrangea macrophylla is a species of Hydrangea native to Japan.
Hydrangea macrophylla has been cultivated for many hundreds of years as an ornamental plant in Japan, and in the last 150 years, also extensively in other areas of the world with a temperate climate.
Hydrangea tea, called ama-cha in Japan, is an infusion beverage made from tea leaves and hydrangea petals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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