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Encyclopedia > Hyde Park (Chicago)
Hyde Park (Chicago, Illinois)
Joggers on the lake front
Community Area 41 - Hyde Park

Location within the city of Chicago
Latitude
Longitude
41°48′ N 87°35.4′ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=41_48_N_87_35.4_W_region:US)
Neighborhoods
  • Hyde Park
ZIP Code parts of 60615, 60637
Area 4.27 km² (1.65 mi²)
Population (2000)
Density
29,920 (up 4.51% from 1990)
7,001.3 /km²
Demographics White
Black
Hispanic
Asian
Other
43.5%
37.7%
4.11%
11.3%
3.39%
Median income $35,991
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Hyde Park is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, located seven miles south of the Loop; it is home to the Museum of Science and Industry and the University of Chicago. joggers on Chicago lakefront File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The city Chicago is divided into seventy-seven community areas. ... Chicago Community Area 40 - Hyde Park This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Chicago, Illinois — officially the City of Chicago and colloquially known as Chicago, the Second City and the Windy City — is the third largest city of the United States after New York City and Los Angeles and is the largest inland city of the nation. ... Latitude, denoted by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Map of Earth showing curved lines of longitude Longitude, sometimes denoted λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Neighbourhood is also a term in topology. ... Mr. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Demographics comprises selected characteristics of a population (age and income distribution and trends, mobility, educational attainment, home ownership and employment status, for instance) for purposes of social studies. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... This article is about the statistical concept, for alternative meanings see median (disambiguation). ... Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ... Chicago, Illinois — officially the City of Chicago and colloquially known as Chicago, the Second City and the Windy City — is the third largest city of the United States after New York City and Los Angeles and is the largest inland city of the nation. ... The Loop is what locals call the downtown neighborhood of Chicago. ... The Museum of Science and Industry is housed in the only surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and is a National Historic Landmark. ... The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ...


History of Hyde Park

Hyde Park was founded by real estate speculator Paul Cornell (a first cousin of Ezra Cornell) in the 1850s in what was then unincorporated land south of Chicago. Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... Ezra Cornell (11 January 1807 – 9 December 1874) was an American businessman and founder of Cornell University. ... Events and Trends Technology Production of steel revolutionised by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Science Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species, putting forward the theory of evolution...


Although today the term "Hyde Park" is applied to the neighborhood from 47th street to 61st streets, in the 19th century the term applied to areas as far south as the 100s, twelve miles south of the Loop. The narrowing of the term "Hyde Park" was due to the southern sections of old Hyde Park becoming industrial, while the northern sections became genteel. The neighborhood's eastern boundary is Jackson Park, its western boundary is Washington Park Osaka Garden, with MSI in background Jackson Park is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... historic townhouses in Washington Park Washington Park refers to a neighborhood and a park on the South Side of Chicago. ...


The 1890s marked Hyde Park's emergence as a unique urban neighborhood. In 1892 the University of Chicago opened on land donated by Marshall Field, and 1893 saw the marvelous World's Columbian Exposition in Jackson Park, adjacent to Lake Michigan. The neo-classical World's Columbian Exposition, hugely popular, was the start of the Beaux Arts “City Beautiful" movement. Covering hundreds of acres (a few km²) of palaces and pavilions, the only structure left from the World's Fair is Charles Atgood's Palace of Fine Arts, now the Museum of Science and Industry. The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that color in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Marshall Field (1834 -1906) was founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago based chain of department stores. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... World Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 The World Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbuss discovery of the New World. ... Osaka Garden, with MSI in background Jackson Park is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... Sunset on Lake Michigan A different sunset on the lake. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... ...


Over the years, Hyde Park grew with Chicago, being annexed in the 1890s. The University of Chicago, through visionary leadership from William Rainey Harper and large sums of money from John D. Rockefeller, quickly became one of the nation's best research institutions. Many of the neighborhood’s stately high rises were actually built as hotels in the 1920s. Famous Hyde Park residents have included Julius Rosenwald, Muhammad Ali, Clarence Darrow, Marshall Field, Mayor Harold Washington, Saul Bellow and numerous other persons associated with the University of Chicago. The neighborhood has produced three U.S. Senators, Paul Douglas, Carol Moseley Braun, and most recently, Barack Obama. Parts of Native Son, the Studs Lonigan trilogy, and The Jungle are set there. The neighborhood contains buildings by Eero Saarinen, Frank Lloyd Wright (the Robie House), L. Mies van der Rohe, and two rises (the University Park Condominiums in the middle of 55th) by I.M. Pei. Most of the University of Chicago main quadrangles were planned and built by Henry Ives Cobb and Charles Coolidge. William Rainey Harper ( 1856- 1906) Noted academic; organizer and first President of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. ... 1917 painting by John Singer Sargent. ... Research is an active, diligent and systematic process of inquiry in order to discover, interpret or revise facts, events, behaviours, or theories, or to make practical applications with the help of such facts, laws or theories. ... A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties. Events and trends Technology John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as Tommy gun John Logie Baird invents the first working television system (1925) Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to fly... Julius Rosenwald Julius Rosenwald (born August 12, 1862 in Springfield, Illinois - 1932) was a U.S. merchant and philanthropist. ... Muhammad Ali-Haj (born January 17, 1942 as Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. ... Clarence Darrow ca. ... Marshall Field (1834 -1906) was founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago based chain of department stores. ... Harold Lee Washington (April 15, 1922-November 25, 1987) was the first African-American Mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... Saul Bellow (born June 10, 1915), acclaimed North American-Jewish writer, won the Nobel prize for literature in 1976 and is best known for writing novels which investigate isolation, spiritual dissociation and the possibilities of human awakening. ... Seal of the Senate The Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Paul Howard Douglas (March 26, 1892 - September 24, 1976) was a University of Chicago economist and Democratic United States Senator, 1949—1967, representing the State of Illinois. ... Carol Moseley Braun (born August 16, American politician and lawyer, was the first (and to date only) black woman elected to the United States Senate (representing Illinois). ... Introducing himself as a skinny kid with a funny name, Obama delivers the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. ... Native Son (ISBN 0060809779) is a novel published in 1940 and written by Richard Wright. ... Studs Lonigan is the subject of a trilogy of novels by American author James T. Farrell: Young Lonigan, The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan, and Judgment Day. ... The Jungle (1906) is the most famous novel by prolific U.S. author Upton Sinclair. ... Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910, in Kirkkonummi, Finland – September 1, 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish-American architect of the 20th century famous for his simple sweeping and arching shapes. ... Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ... Categories: Stub | American architecture | Frank Lloyd Wright buildings ... Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies) (March 27, 1886 - August 17, 1969) was an architect and designer. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (貝聿銘 pinyin Bèi Yùmíng) is a Chinese American architect born in Suzhou, China on April 26, 1917. ... Henry Ives Cobb 1859-1931, was a Chicago-based architect in the last decades of the 19th century, known for his designs in the Romanesque and Victorian Gothic styles. ...

Enlarge
Hyde Park Boulevard sign; Regents Park south tower in background
University of Chicago campus (Kent Chemical Laboratory)
University of Chicago campus (Kent Chemical Laboratory)

In the 1950s and 1960s Hyde Park began to suffer from the economic decline of the rest of the South Side. To protect itself, the University of Chicago sponsored one of the largest urban renewal plans in the nation. Organizing through the Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference in ther 1950's, many citizens advocated an "interracial community of high standards." In the 1960s Hyde Park's average income soared by 70%, but its black population fell by 40%. In any case, Hyde Park avoided the fate of slums of neighboring districts like Woodlawn, Washington Park, and Oakland. Photograph taken by myself. ... Photograph taken by myself. ... Download high resolution version (1007x661, 769 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1007x661, 769 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ... Categories: Stub | American architecture | Frank Lloyd Wright buildings ... photograph of U of C campus This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... photograph of U of C campus This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in British English) is a movement in urban planning that reached its peak in the United States from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. ... Woodlawn is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago bounded by Jackson Park to the East, the University of Chicago to the North, Martin Luther King Drive to the West, and, mostly, 67th to the South. ... historic townhouses in Washington Park Washington Park refers to a neighborhood and a park on the South Side of Chicago. ... Oakland, located on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, USA, is one of the official Chicago Community Areas. ...


The University of Chicago dominates the neighborhood physically and politically. Overall, Hyde Park is one of the most economically vital and desirable neighborhoods in Chicago and an example of racial integration, in a way. The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ...

 


Local Controversies

Thanks to the socioeconomic and educational background of many residents, many Hyde Park residents are politically active within and beyond Hyde Park. Political activities and controversies (of varying levels of importance) in Hyde Park include: A controversy is a contentious dispute, a disagreement over which parties are actively arguing. ...

  • Debate over urban renewal plans and construction (For a history of the struggle, see Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference and the HP Herald special edition.)
  • Planned reconstruction of the lakeshore at Promontory Point
  • Election campaigns of resident Harold Washington and Senate candidates (cited above)
  • University construction and expansion
  • Removal of chess tables from Harper Court
  • Problems with Hyde Park Coop, a supermarket and member-based cooperative
  • Challenges associated with high school students and other local youth
  • Local economic development, such as the new Borders bookstore

Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in British English) is a movement in urban planning that reached its peak in the United States from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. ... Harold Lee Washington (April 15, 1922-November 25, 1987) was the first African-American Mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... Borders Books and Music (NYSE: BGP) is a North American chain of bookstores, with some branches overseas. ...

External links

The Hyde Park Herald (http://www.hpherald.com/)


Hyde Park Historical Society (http://www.hydeparkhistory.org/)


Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference (www.hydepark.org)


“At Home in Hyde Park” (Office of Community Affairs, Univ. of Chicago) http://oca.uchicago.edu/hydepark/


Guide designed for students (http://chicagolife.uchicago.edu/city/hydepark.shtml)



Chicago
Chicago, Illinois — officially the City of Chicago and colloquially known as Chicago, the Second City and the Windy City — is the third largest city of the United States after New York City and Los Angeles and is the largest inland city of the nation. ...

Geography
Chicago River | I&M Canal | Lake Michigan | Sanitary and Ship Canal
History
Capone and Prohibition | First Foreign Settler | Fort Dearborn | Great Fire | Mayors | 1968 DNC
Places & Landmarks
Adler Planetarium | Aon Center | Auditorium Building | Bell Shore Apt. Hotel | Brooks Building | Buckingham Fountain | Daley Center | Dearborn Station | Drake Hotel | Field Museum | Hull House | John Hancock Building | Magnificent Mile | Midway Airport | Millennium Park | MCA | Museum of Sci. & Ind. | Navy Pier | O'Hare Airport | Sears Tower | 2nd Leiter Building | Shedd Aquarium | Tribune Tower | Union Station | Water Tower | Wrigley Building
Schools
Art Institute | Chicago State | DePaul | Loyola | IIT | John Marshall | North Park | Northeastern | Northwestern | Rush | St. Xavier | U of C | UIC
Sports
Allstate Arena | Bears (Football) | Blackhawks (Hockey) | Bulls (Basketball) | Chicago Marathon | Chicago Stadium | Comiskey Park | Cubs (Baseball) | Rivalry | Rush (Arena Football) | Fire (Soccer) | Soldier Field | U.S. Cellular Field | United Center | White Sox (Baseball) | Wolves (Hockey) | Wrigley Field
Community Areas
Albany Park | Archer Heights | Armour Square | Ashburn | Auburn Gresham | Austin | Avalon Park | Avondale | Belmont Cragin | Beverly | Bridgeport | Brighton Park | Burnside | Calumet Heights | Chatham | Chicago Lawn | Clearing | Douglas | Dunning | East Garfield Park | East Side | Edison Park | Edgewater | Englewood | Forest Glen | Fuller Park | Gage Park | Garfield Ridge | Grand Boulevard | Greater Grand Crossing | Hegewisch | Hermosa | Humboldt Park | Hyde Park | Irving Park | Jefferson Park | Kenwood | Lakeview | Lincoln Park | Lincoln Square | Logan Square | Loop | Lower West Side | McKinley Park | Montclare | Morgan Park | Mount Greenwood | Near North Side | Near South Side | Near West Side | New City | North Lawndale | North Center | North Park | Norwood Park | Oakland | O'Hare | Portage Park | Pullman | Riverdale | Rogers Park | Roseland | South Chicago | South Deering | South Lawndale | South Shore | Uptown | Washington Heights | Washington Park | West Elsdon | West Englewood | West Garfield Park | West Lawn | West Pullman | West Ridge | West Town | Woodlawn
Neighborhoods
Andersonville | Back of the Yards | Bronzeville | Budlong Woods | Buena Park | Cabrini-Green | Chinatown | East Lakeview | Gold Coast | Goose Island | Little Italy | Little Village | New Chinatown | Old Irving Park | Pilsen | Printer's Row | River North | Streeterville | Wrigleyville
Counties in Chicagoland
Cook, IL | DuPage, IL | Kane, IL | Kendall, IL | Kenosha, WI | Lake, IL | Lake, IN | McHenry, IL | Porter, IN | Will, IL

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chicago Hyde Park: Real estate listings, restaurants, shopping, maps, and more (288 words)
Hyde Park, the former suburb turned south side Chicago neighborhood, has been acclaimed as one of the most successfully integrated neighborhoods in the United States.
Besides being home to the University of Chicago, Hyde Park is packed with artistic and cultural destinations, among which are Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House, and the Museum of Science and Industry.
In the 1950s Hyde Park began to suffer from the economic decline of the rest of the South Side.
University of Chicago Law School > Admitted Students E-Briefs - Hyde Park and Chicago (745 words)
Hyde Park and the adjoining neighborhood of Kenwood are home to roughly 70 percent of the Law School faculty and students.
The Hyde Park area was settled in the 1850s as a suburb of Chicago, and contains a wealth of architecturally significant homes and buildings?including Frank Lloyd Wright?s Robie House, which is located on the University of Chicago campus.
Hyde Park is an integrated, residential community, with a history of social activism, political leadership, and community life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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