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Encyclopedia > Hyde Park, Chicago, Illinois
Hyde Park (Chicago, Illinois)
Community Area 41 - Hyde Park
Chicago Community Area 41 - Hyde Park
Location within the city of Chicago
Latitude
Longitude
41°48′N 87°35.4′W
Neighborhoods
  • Hyde Park
ZIP Code parts of 60615, 60637
Area 4.27 km² (1.65 mi²)
Population (2000)
Density
29,920 (up 4.51% from 1990)
7,001.3 /km²
Demographics White
Black
Hispanic
Asian
Other
43.5%
37.7%
4.11%
11.3%
3.39%
Median income $35,991
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Hyde Park is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, located seven miles south of the Loop; it is home to the Museum of Science and Industry and the University of Chicago. The city Chicago, Illinois, is divided into seventy-seven community areas. ... Chicago Community Area 40 - Hyde Park This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... ... Latitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Map of Earth showing lines of longitude, which appear curved and vertical in this projection, but are actually halves of great circles Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Neighbourhood is also a term in topology. ... Mr. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... This article is about the year. ... Demographics is a shorthand term for population characteristics. Demographics include age, income, mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available), educational attainment, home ownership, employment status, and even location. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... In probability theory and statistics, the median is a number that separates the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution from the lower half. ... Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ... ... The Loop is what locals call the downtown neighborhood of Chicago. ... The Museum of Science and Industry is housed in the only surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and is a National Historic Landmark. ... The University of Chicago is a private university primarily located in the Hyde Park neigborhood of Chicago, Illinois, founded in 1890, doors opened in 1892. ...

Contents


History of Hyde Park

Hyde Park was founded by real estate speculator Paul Cornell (a first cousin of Ezra Cornell) in the 1850s in what was then unincorporated land south of Chicago. Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... Ezra Cornell (January 11, 1807 – December 9, 1874) was an American businessman and, with Andrew Dickson White, is founder of Cornell University, . He was born in Westchester County, New York, the son of a potter, Elijah Cornell. ... // Events and Trends Technology Production of steel revolutionised by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Science Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species, putting forward the theory of evolution...


Although today the term "Hyde Park" is applied to the neighborhood from 47th street to 61st streets, in the 19th century the term applied to areas as far south as the 100s, twelve miles (20 km) south of the Loop. The narrowing of the term "Hyde Park" was due to the southern sections of old Hyde Park becoming industrial, while the northern sections became genteel. The neighborhood's eastern boundary is Lake Michigan, its western boundary is Washington Park. Sunset on Lake Michigan Another sunset along the lake. ... historic townhouses in Washington Park Washington Park refers to a neighborhood and a park on the South Side of Chicago, USA. Washington Park is a 380 acre (1. ...


The 1890s marked Hyde Park's emergence as a unique urban neighborhood. In 1892 the University of Chicago opened on land donated by Marshall Field, and 1893 saw the marvelous World's Columbian Exposition in Jackson Park, adjacent to Lake Michigan. The neo-classical World's Columbian Exposition, hugely popular, was the start of the Beaux Arts “City Beautiful" movement. Covering hundreds of acres or hectares of palaces and pavilions, the only structure left from the World's Fair in Hyde Park is Charles Atgood's Palace of Fine Arts, now the Museum of Science and Industry. The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Marshall Field (1834 -1906) was founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago based chain of department stores. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... One-third scale replica of The Republic, which once stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbuss... Osaka Garden, with MSI in background Jackson Park is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... Sunset on Lake Michigan Another sunset along the lake. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... ...


Over the years, Hyde Park grew with Chicago, being annexed in the 1890s. The University of Chicago, through visionary leadership from William Rainey Harper and large sums of money from John D. Rockefeller, quickly became one of the nation's best research institutions. Many of the neighborhood’s stately high rises were actually built as hotels in the 1920s. Famous Hyde Park residents have included Julius Rosenwald, Muhammad Ali, Clarence Darrow, Marshall Field, Mayor Harold Washington, Saul Bellow and numerous other persons associated with the University of Chicago. The neighborhood has produced three U.S. Senators, Paul Douglas, Carol Moseley Braun, and most recently, Barack Obama. Parts of Native Son, the Studs Lonigan trilogy, and The Jungle are set there. The neighborhood contains buildings by Eero Saarinen, Frank Lloyd Wright (the Robie House), L. Mies van der Rohe, and two midrises (the University Park Condominiums in the middle of 55th, known locally as "Monoxide Island" or the "Toaster Buildings") by I.M. Pei. Most of the University of Chicago main quadrangles were planned and built by Henry Ives Cobb and Charles Coolidge. William Rainey Harper ( 1856- 1906) Noted academic; organizer and first President of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. ... 1917 painting by John Singer Sargent. ... Research is an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry in order to discover, interpret and/or revise facts. ... A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging, usually on a short-term basis and especially for tourists. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America and in Australia as the Roaring Twenties . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties. ... Julius Rosenwald Julius Rosenwald (born August 12, 1862 in Springfield, Illinois - 1932) was a U.S. merchant and philanthropist. ... For other people with similar names, see Muhammad Ali (disambiguation). ... Clarence Seward Darrow ca. ... Marshall Field (1834 -1906) was founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago based chain of department stores. ... Harold Lee Washington (April 15, 1922-November 25, 1987) was a lawyer, legislator and the first African-American Mayor of Chicago, Illinois serving from 1983 until his death in 1987. ... Bellow as depicted in his Nobel diploma. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Paul Howard Douglas (March 26, 1892 - September 24, 1976) was a University of Chicago economist and Democratic United States Senator, 1949–1967, representing the State of Illinois. ... Carol Moseley Braun Carol Moseley Braun (born August 16, 1947), American politician and lawyer, was the first (and to date only) black woman elected to the United States Senate (representing Illinois). ... Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. ... Native Son book cover Native Son (ISBN 0060809779) is a novel by Richard Wright, first published in 1940. ... Studs Lonigan is the subject of a trilogy of novels by American author James T. Farrell: Young Lonigan, The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan, and Judgment Day. ... The Jungle (1906) is the most famous novel by the U.S. author Upton Sinclair. ... Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910, in Kirkkonummi, Finland – September 1, 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish-American architect of the 20th century famous for his simple sweeping and arching shapes. ... Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ... The Robie House The Robie House, as featured on a USPS stamp The Robie House is a residential masterpiece designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1910. ... Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies) (March 27, 1886 - August 17, 1969) was an architect and designer. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (貝聿銘 pinyin Bèi Yùmíng) is a Chinese American architect born in Suzhou, China on April 26, 1917. ... Henry Ives Cobb 1859-1931, was a Chicago-based architect in the last decades of the 19th century, known for his designs in the Romanesque and Victorian Gothic styles. ...

Hyde Park Boulevard sign; Regents Park south tower in background
Enlarge
Hyde Park Boulevard sign; Regents Park south tower in background
University of Chicago quadrangle
University of Chicago quadrangle

In the 1950s and 1960s, Hyde Park began to suffer from the economic decline of the rest of the South Side. To protect itself, the University of Chicago sponsored one of the largest urban renewal plans in the nation. Organizing through the Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference in the 1950's, many citizens advocated an "interracial community of high standards." In the 1960s Hyde Park's average income soared by 70%, but its black population fell by 40%. In any case, Hyde Park avoided the fate of slums of neighboring districts like Woodlawn, Washington Park, and Oakland. Photograph taken by myself. ... Photograph taken by myself. ... Download high resolution version (1007x661, 769 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1007x661, 769 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ... The Robie House The Robie House, as featured on a USPS stamp The Robie House is a residential masterpiece designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1910. ... Download high resolution version (1005x658, 841 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1005x658, 841 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... Museum of Science and Industry can refer to: Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, United States Museum of Science and Industry in Tampa, FL, United States Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, England National Museum of Science and Industry, England This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The University of Chicago is a private university primarily located in the Hyde Park neigborhood of Chicago, Illinois, founded in 1890, doors opened in 1892. ... Blight often stands side-by-side with new structures during urban renewal efforts. ... Woodlawn is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, USA bounded by Jackson Park to the East, the University of Chicago to the North, Martin Luther King Drive to the West, and, mostly, 67th to the South. ... historic townhouses in Washington Park Washington Park refers to a neighborhood and a park on the South Side of Chicago, USA. Washington Park is a 380 acre (1. ... Oakland, located on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, USA, is one of the official Chicago Community Areas. ...


The University of Chicago dominates the neighborhood physically and politically. Overall, Hyde Park is one of the most economically vital and desirable neighborhoods in Chicago. The University of Chicago is a private university primarily located in the Hyde Park neigborhood of Chicago, Illinois, founded in 1890, doors opened in 1892. ...


Hyde Park is also famous for playing host to a flock of Monk Parakeet (also called Quaker Parrots) which are believed to be escaped former pets. The parrots were originally spotted in 1973. [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Myiopsitta monachus (Boddaert, 1783) Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus), also known as the Quaker Parrot, is a species of parrot that originated in the temperate areas of Argentina and Brazil in South America. ...


Local Controversies

Thanks to the socioeconomic and educational background of many residents, many Hyde Park residents are politically active within and beyond Hyde Park. Political activities and controversies (of varying levels of importance) in Hyde Park include: A controversy is a contentious dispute, a disagreement over which parties are actively arguing. ...

  • Debate over urban renewal plans and construction (For a history of the struggle, see Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference and the HP Herald special edition.)
  • Planned reconstruction of the lakeshore at Promontory Point
  • Election campaigns of resident Harold Washington and Senate candidates (cited above)
  • University construction and expansion
  • Removal of chess tables from Harper Court
  • Financial and management problems at the Hyde Park Co-Op, a supermarket and member-based coöperative
  • Challenges associated with the off-campus behavior of students at Kenwood High School
  • Local economic development, such as the new Borders bookstore

Blight often stands side-by-side with new structures during urban renewal efforts. ... Harold Lee Washington (April 15, 1922-November 25, 1987) was a lawyer, legislator and the first African-American Mayor of Chicago, Illinois serving from 1983 until his death in 1987. ... Borders Group (sometimes written BORDERS) (NYSE: BGP) is an international bookseller based in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ...

Location and Transportation

Hyde Park is generally defined as the area east of Cottage Grove Avenue, south of 47th Street, north of 60th Street, and west of the Lake Michigan shoreline. The subsection between 47th Street and 51st Street is more specifically known as South Kenwood. Sunset on Lake Michigan Another sunset along the lake. ...


The neighborhood is connected to the rest of the city by both Chicago Transit Authority and Metra transportation services. CTA services include the number 4 (Cottage Grove), X4, 6 (Jackson Park Express), 15 (Jeffery Local), 28 (Stony Island), X28, 55 (Garfield), X55, and 173 (University of Chicago/Lakeview Express) buses. These allow transfers to Red and Green Line trains to the Loop or provide direct express service to downtown. Metra's Electric District line has several stops in Hyde Park and provides service to downtown by way of the Randolph Street Station. South Shore Line trains stop at the 55th-56th-57th Street Station and provide service to Indiana. Quincy L Station serving the Brown Line, Purple Line and Orange Line The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), founded on October 1, 1947, provides bus and rail mass transit services to the citizens of Chicago and several of the citys inner suburbs. ... Metra system schematic Metra (officially known as the Northeastern Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is Chicagolands commuter rail system, serving over 200 stations on eleven lines across the Regional Transportation Authoritys (RTAs) six-county service area. ... The Red Line is a heavy rail line in Chicago, run by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) as part of the Chicago L system. ... The Green Line of the Chicago Transit Authority runs entirely above ground. ... The term loop, in its general sense, refers to something that closes back on itself (such as a circle or ring). ... The Metra Electric (ME) is a commuter rail line provided and operated by Metra in Chicago, Illinois and its surrounding suburbs. ... The Randolph Street Terminal (sometimes called the Randolph Street Station or the Randolph-South Water Street Station) is a major commuter rail terminal in downtown Chicago that serves the Metra Electric Lines to University Park, Blue Island, and South Chicago; and the South Shore Line to South Bend, Indiana. ... The Chicago South Shore & South Bend Railroad (CSS&SB, reporting mark CSS) (more commonly known as the South Shore Line) was an electric-powered interurban passenger railroad which operated between downtown Chicago, Illinois and suburban areas along the south shore of Lake Michigan in Illinois and northern Indiana. ... State nickname: The Hoosier State Official languages English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Governor Mitch Daniels (R) Senators Richard Lugar (R) Evan Bayh (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 38th 94,321 km² 1. ...


External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Hyde Park, Chicago - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1053 words)
Hyde Park is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, located seven miles south of the Loop; it is home to the Museum of Science and Industry and the University of Chicago.
Hyde Park is generally defined as bordered by Cottage Grove Avenue on the west, 51st Street (also known as East Hyde Park Boulevard) on the north, 61st street on the south, and the Lake Michigan shoreline on the east.
South of 55th street development is dominated by the University of Chicago and north of it the neighborhood consists mainly of apartments.
Chicago, Illinois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6682 words)
Chicago is located in the Midwestern state of Illinois along the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan.
Chicago's politics lean famously to the left compared to the rest of the Midwest, and it is often said that Chicago is the "East Coast" of the Midwest.
Chicago is home to two of America's leading universities, the University of Chicago in Hyde Park and Northwestern University in nearby Evanston.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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