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Encyclopedia > Hyacinth (flower)
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Hyacinth
Hyacinth in flower
Hyacinth in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Hyacinthaceae
Genus: Hyacinthus
L.
Genera
Hyacinthus litwinowii
Hyacinthus orientalis
Hyacinthus transcaspicus

A Hyacinth is any plant of genus Hyacinthus, which are bulbous herbs formerly placed in the lily family Liliaceae but now regarded as the type genus of the separate family Hyacinthaceae. Hyacinths are native to the eastern Mediterranean region east to Iran and Turkmenistan. They are named after the Hyacinth from Greek mythology. Hyacinths are sometimes associated with rebirth. Image File history File links Pink Hyacinth (Hyacinthus) flower and foliage Photo by Ellen Levy Finch (Elf | Talk) in her yard. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders Base Monocots: Acorus Alismatales Asparagales Dioscoreales Liliales Pandanales Family Petrosaviaceae Commelinids: Arecales Commelinales Poales Zingiberales Family Dasypogonaceae Monocotyledons or monocots are a group of flowering plants usually ranked as a class and once called the Monocotyledoneae. ... Families according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Agapanthus Agavaceae Alliaceae Amaryllidaceae Aphyllanthaceae Asparagaceae Asphodelaceae Asteliaceae Blandfordiaceae Boryaceae Doryanthaceae Hemerocallidaceae Hyacinthaceae Hypoxidaceae Iridaceae Ixioliriaceae Lanariaceae Laxmanniaceae Orchidaceae Ruscaceae Tecophilaeaceae Themidaceae Xanthorrhoea Xeronema Asparagales is an order of monocots which includes a number of families of non-woody plants. ... Genera Albuca Alrawia Amphisiphon Androsiphon Bellevalia Botryanthus Bowiea Brachyscypha Brimeura Chionodoxa x Chionoscilla Daubenya Dipcadi Drimia Drimiopsis Eucomis Fortunatia Galtonia Hastingsia Hesperocallis Hyacinthella Hyacinthoides Hyacinthus Lachenalia Ledebouria Leopoldia Litanthus Massonia Muscari Muscarimia Neopatersonia Ornithogalum Polyxena Pseudogaltonia Pseudomuscari Puschkinia Rhadamanthus Rhodocodon Schizobasis Schoenolirion Scilla Sypharissa Thuranthos Urginea Veltheimia Whiteheadia The Hyacinthaceae... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as (help· info), and in English usually under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), the name with which his publications were signed, was a Swedish botanist and physician who laid the foundations for the modern scheme... A herb (pronounced hurb in Commonwealth English and urb in American English) is a plant grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ... Genera Calochortus Cardiocrinum Clintonia Erythronium Fritillaria Gagea Korolkowia Lilium Lloydia Nomocharis Notholirion Scoliopus Streptopus Tricyrtis Tulipa The Liliaceae, or the Lily Family, is an important family of monocotyledons that includes a great number of ornamental flowers as well as several important agricultural crops; the onion has traditionally been classified here... Genera Albuca Alrawia Amphisiphon Androsiphon Bellevalia Botryanthus Bowiea Brachyscypha Brimeura Chionodoxa x Chionoscilla Daubenya Dipcadi Drimia Drimiopsis Eucomis Fortunatia Galtonia Hastingsia Hesperocallis Hyacinthella Hyacinthoides Hyacinthus Lachenalia Ledebouria Leopoldia Litanthus Massonia Muscari Muscarimia Neopatersonia Ornithogalum Polyxena Pseudogaltonia Pseudomuscari Puschkinia Rhadamanthus Rhodocodon Schizobasis Schoenolirion Scilla Sypharissa Thuranthos Urginea Veltheimia Whiteheadia The Hyacinthaceae... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The Death of Hyacinthos by Jean Broc. ... Greek mythology consists of a large collection of narratives detailing the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines, which were first envisioned and disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition. ...


The Dutch, or Common Hyacinth of house and garden culture (H. orientalis of the northeast Mediterranean) was so popular in the 18th century that over 2,000 cultivars were cultivated in the Netherlands, its chief commercial producer. This hyacinth has a single dense spike of fragrant flowers in shades of red, blue, white, or yellow. A variety of the common hyacinth is the less hardy and smaller blue- or white-petalled Roman hyacinth (var. albulus) of florists. Part of a garden in Bristol, England A flower bed in the gardens of Bristol Zoo, England Checkered flower bed in Tours, France A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... Clivia miniata bears bright orange flowers. ...


Only three species are currently recognised within the genus Hyacinthus. They are:

  • Hyacinthus litwinowii
  • Hyacinthus orientalis - Garden Hyacinth
  • Hyacinthus transcaspicus

Some authorities place H. litwonowii and H. transcaspicus in the related genus Hyacinthella, leaving Hyacinthus as monotypic. Binomial name Hyacinthus orientalis The Garden Hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis, is a perennial flowering plant which has a pedigree going back hundreds of years to Asia Minor via Italy, France (where it is used in perfumery) and Holland. ...


The related grape hyacinths (Muscari), sometimes called baby's-breath, are very low, mostly blue-flowered plants similar in appearance to hyacinths and are also commonly cultivated. Species about 40, including: (=) (= ) Grape hyacinths are a genus (Muscari) of plants native to Eurasia that produce spikes of blue flowers resembling bunches of grapes. ...


Several types of brodiea, deathcamas, squill, and other plants that were formerly classified in the lily family and have flower clusters borne along the stalk also have common names with hyacinth in them. Species Zigadenus brevibracteatus Zigadenus densus Zigadenus elegans Zigadenus exaltatus Zigadenus fremontii Zigadenus glaberrimus Zigadenus leimanthoides Zigadenus micranthus Zigadenus mogollonensis Zigadenus nuttallii Zigadenus paniculatus Zigadenus vaginatus Zigadenus venenosus Zigadenus virescens Zigadenus volcanicus The Deathcamases or Star Lilies are the genus Zigadenus of flowering plants. ... Squill or squill liquid is a substance derived from a plant and is used as an ingredient in cough medicine, and in cardiac surgery. ...

Hyacinths in the Floriade, Canberra
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Hyacinths in the Floriade, Canberra
Hyacinths in the Floriade, Canberra
Hyacinths in the Floriade, Canberra
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Hyacinth (flower)

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