FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Hutsuls" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Hutsuls
Travelling Hutsul, Galicia, 1872; lithograph
Travelling Hutsul, Galicia, 1872; lithograph

Hutsuls (Ukrainian: Гуцули, singular Гуцул, Romanian: Huţuli, singular Huţul, Hutsul dialect: Hutsule, singular Hutsul; alternatively spelled Huculs, Huzuls, Hutzuls, Gutsuls, Guculs, Guzuls, or Gutzuls) are an ethno-cultural group of highlanders who for centuries have inhabited the Carpathian mountains, mainly in Ukraine, but also in the northern extremity of Romania (in the areas of Bukovina and Maramureş), as well as in Slovakia and Poland. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 441 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (700 × 952 pixel, file size: 195 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Travelling hutsuls, Galicia, 1872; lithography Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 441 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (700 × 952 pixel, file size: 195 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Travelling hutsuls, Galicia, 1872; lithography Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule in Bridgeman Art... Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Yiddish: , Turkish: , Romanian: ) is a historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, either on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry[1], or recognition by others as a distinct group[2], or by common cultural, linguistic, religious, or territorial traits. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... Bukovina (Ukrainian: , Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ... MaramureÅŸ (Hungarian: Máramaros) is a county (judeÅ£) in the MaramureÅŸ region, northern Romania, in the North of Transylvania with the capital city at Baia Mare (population: 149,735). ...


Hutsuls identify themselves as a part of Ukrainian ethnos, having in the same time their local identity as a sub-ethnos [1].

Contents

Etymology

There are different versions for the origins of the name Hutsul. An explanation is that it comes from the Romanian word for "outlaw" (cf. Rom. hoţ - "thief"). Other explanations place their origins in the Slavic kochul - "wanderer","migrant", in reference to their semi-nomadic lifestyle, to the name of the Turkic tribe of the Uzy, and even to the name of the Moravian king Hetsyl[2].  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Kazakh nomads in the steppes of the Russian Empire, ca. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... The Oghuz Turks (also with various alternate spellings, including Oguz, OÄŸuz, Ouz, Okuz, Oufoi, Guozz, Ghuzz and Uz) are regarded as one of the major branches of Turkic peoples. ... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech RepublicCzechia. ...


History and origins

Hutsuls inhabit areas situated between the south-east of those inhabited by the Boykos, down to the northern part of the Romanian segment of the Carpathians. Boyko or Boiko is the name for a distinctive group of Ruthenians (Ukrainian) montagnards of the Carpathian highlands. ...


There are several hypotheses concerning the origin of Hutsuls. According to one of them, Hutsuls are descendants of Slavic tribe Ulichs, that had to leave their previous homes near the Buh river under the pressure of Pechenegs [3]. The Ulichs (Uglichs) (Уличи, Угличи in Russian) were a tribe of Early East Slavs between the 8th and the 10th century, which inhabited the territories along the Lower Dnieper, Bug River and the Black Sea. ... The Southern Buh, Bug, or Boh River (Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh in Ukrainian; Hipanis in ancient Greek) is entirely located in Ukraine. ... Pechenegs or Patzinaks, also known as Besenyők, were a semi-nomadic steppes people of Central Asia that spoke a Turkic language. ...


Other two theories state that the Hutsuls may have begun as an early non-Romanised Thracian or Dacian population, which was later linguistically assimilated with the neighboring Slavs, or the origin may only go back as far as a later Romanised Dacian (Romanian) population (see Vlachs), which was also linguistically assimilated.[citation needed] Languages can be romanized in a variety of ways, as shown here with Mandarin Chinese In linguistics, romanization (or Latinization, also spelled romanisation or Latinisation) is the representation of a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, or a system for doing so, where the original word or language... Thracian peltast, fifth to fourth century BC. Thracian Roman era heros (Sabazius) stele. ... Dacian kingdom during the reign of Burebista, 82 BC The Dacians (Lat. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... The provinces of the Roman Empire in 120, with Dacia highlighted. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Language

The Hutsul language is relatively unique. It is thought to be a dialect of Ukrainian with some Polish influences [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]). Several words in their dialect have Romanian origins (e.g. kyptar - "vest", from Rom. cheptar cf. Latin pectus; zgardy - "necklace", from Rom. zgardă, cf. Albanian shkardhë; bryndza - "cheese", cf. Rom. brânză). Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The Romanian language contains about 200-300 words considered by many Romanian scholars to be of Dacian language origin. ...


Due to the current educational system, the Hutsul dialect is in danger of extinction. Compulsory education is done only in standardized literary Ukrainian. In recent times there has been a roots movement to keep the traditional Hutsul language alive, even to the extreme of recognising the language as a separate minority language separate from Ukrainian.[citation needed]


Way of life and culture

Hutsul wedding dress, bead embroidery
Hutsul wedding dress, bead embroidery

Traditional Hutsul culture is often represented by the colorful and intricate craftsmanship of their clothing, sculpture, architecture, woodworking, metalworking (especially in brass), rug weaving, pottery, and egg decorating (see pysanka). Along with other Hutsul traditions, as well as their songs and dances, this culture is often celebrated and highlighted by the different countries that Hutsuls inhabit. Hutsul culture bears a noted resemblance to the traditional culture of Romania [9], with that of western Ukraine [10] [11], and with that of other mountainous people which may have similar origins, such as the Gorals in Poland and Slovakia[12] and the Moravian Wallachians in the Czech Republic. Most Hutsuls belong to the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and the Ruthenian Catholic Church. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 485 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 988 pixel, file size: 200 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hutsul wedding dress. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 485 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 988 pixel, file size: 200 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hutsul wedding dress. ... For other uses, see Brass (disambiguation). ... Ukrainian pysanky A pysanka (Ukrainian: писанка, plural: pysanky, or pysankas) is a Ukrainian Easter egg, decorated using a wax-resist (batik) method. ... The Gorals (Polish: Górale; Slovak: Gorali; literally highlanders) are an ethnic group found along southern Poland, northern Slovakia, and in the region of Teschen Silesia in the Czech Republic, illustrating the conundrum of national identity. ... Moravian Vlach from Brumov, 1787 Moravian Wallachia (Czech: Valašsko) is a mountainous region located in the easternmost part of Moravia, Czech Republic, near the Slovakian border. ... The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC), also known as the Ukrainian Catholic Church, is one of the successor Churches to the acceptance of Christianity by Grand Prince Vladimir the Great (Ukrainian Volodymyr) of Kiev (Kyiv), in 988. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Hutsul society was traditionally based on forestry and logging, as well as cattle and sheep breeding; the Hutsuls are credited with having created the breed of horse known as the Hucul pony. They use unique musical instruments, including the "trembita" (trâmbiţa), a type of alpenhorn of Dacian origin, as well multiple varieties of the fife, or sopilka, that are used to create unique folk melodies and rhythms. Also frequently used are the bagpipe (duda), the jew's harp (drymba), and the hammered dulcimer - cymbalom. A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Logging is the process in which trees are cut down usually as part of a timber harvest. ... The Hucul is a breed of draft horse, originally from the Carpathian Mountains. ... 1921 photo of a shepherd with a trâmbiţă, in GiuleÅŸti (MaramureÅŸ) A mural in VoroneÅ£ Monastery showing an angel playing a bucium at the onset of the Last Judgment The Bucium (also called trâmbiţă or tulnic) is a type of Alpenhorn used by mountain dwellers in Romania. ... D Dießner alphorn players Alpenhorn or alphorn, a wind instrument, consisting of a natural wooden horn of conical bore, having a cup-shaped mouthpiece, used by mountain livers in Switzerland and elsewhere. ... Fife from the American Civil War A fife is a small, high-pitched, transverse flute that is similar to the piccolo, but louder and shriller due to its narrower bore. ... Sopilka (Ukrainian: ) is a name applied to a variety of woodwind instruments of the flute family used by Ukrainian folk instrumentalists. ... A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ... Jews harp, from an American Civil War camp near Winchester, Virginia A modern jews harp The Jews harp, jaw harp, or mouth harp) is thought to be one of the oldest musical instruments in the world; a musician apparently playing it can be seen in a Chinese... It is also possible that you want to know about the Cymbal instrument. ...


The Hutsuls served as an inspiration for many writers, such as Ivan Franko, Lesya Ukrainka, Mykhailo Kotsiubyns'kyi, Vasyl Stefanik and Mihail Sadoveanu. Sergei Parajanov's film Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (Тіні забутих предків), which is based on the book by Mykhailo Kotsiubyns'ky, portrays scenes of traditional Hutsul life. Ivan Franko Ivan Franko (Іван Франко) (August 15, 1856 – May 28, 1916) was a Ukrainian poet and writer, social and literary critic, journalist, economist, and political activist. ... Lesya Ukrainka Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka (Лариса Петрівна Косач-Квітка, February 23, 1871 – August 1, 1913) better known under her literary pseudonym Lesya Ukrainka (Лес&#1103... Mihail Sadoveanu (November 5, 1880—October 19, 1961) was a Romanian novelist and political figure; one of the most prolific Romanian language writers, he is remembered mostly for his historical novels. ... Sergei Parajanov and Lilya Brik, a sister of Aragons wife Elsa Triolet. ... Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors (Ukrainian: , Tini zabutykh predkiv; also called Shadows of Our Forgotten Ancestors, Shadows of Our Ancestors, and Wild Horses of Fire) is a 1964 film by the Soviet filmmaker Sergei Parajanov based on the book by Ukrainian writer Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi. ...


Every summer, the village of Sheshory in Ukraine hosts a three-day international festival of folk music and art. Two Hutsul-related museums are located in Kolomyia, Ukraine: the Pysanky museum and the Museum of Hutsul and Pokuttya Folk Art. Traditional Hutsul sounds and moves were effectively used by the Ukrainian winner of the 2004 Eurovision song contest, Ruslana Lyzhychko. Kolomyia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: , German: ) is a town and a raion (district) centre in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) in Ukraine, at the Prut River. ... Pokuttya or Pokuttia (Ukrainian: , Romanian: , Polish: ) is a historical area of Central Europe, between upper Prut and Cheremosh rivers, in modern Ukraine. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 2004 was the forty-ninth Eurovision Song Contest, held in the Abdi İpekçi Arena in Istanbul, Turkey, with the final on 15 May 2004, and the new semi-final three days earlier, on 12 May 2004. ... Ruslana Stepanivna Lyzhychko (Ukrainian: Руслана Степанівна Лижичко; born May 24, 1973) is the winner of the Eurovision Song Contest 2004 from Lviv, Ukraine. ...


See also

This is a list of Hutsul people. ... The Gorals (Polish: Górale; Slovak: Gorali; literally highlanders) are an ethnic group found along southern Poland, northern Slovakia, and in the region of Teschen Silesia in the Czech Republic, illustrating the conundrum of national identity. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Moravian Vlach from Brumov, 1787 Moravian Wallachia (Czech: Valašsko) is a mountainous region located in the easternmost part of Moravia, Czech Republic, near the Slovakian border. ... The Arkan is a popular dance of the Hutsul people. ... The Arcan is the name of a custom, and of the associated popular dance and melody, of Romania. ... The Hutsulka is a popular folk dance from western Ukraine. ... The kolomyjka is a folk dance especially popular in the western part of Ukraine. ... The Holubka is a popular folk dance from western Ukraine. ... A Ukrainian dance troupe at the BC Ukrainian Cultural Festival Ukrainian Dance most often to refers to Ukrainian Folk-Stage Dance (as it is known by ethnographers and dance historians), a stylized form of a Folk Dance based in part on the movements contained in, and the actual traditional dances...

External links

  • Romanian-Hutsul and Hutsul-English glossaries
  • Huţuls of northern Moldavia
  • Huculs
  • Famous Hutzul leader Oleksa Dovbush
  • Introduction to Hutsul Country
  • Hutsul Region of Ukraine
  • Hutsul Portal (mostly in Romanian)
  • The website of Poienile de sub Munte, a Hutsul village in Maramureş, Romania
  • Photo exposition about Hutsul people in Ukraine

  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to Ukraine (1882 words)
The document says that a Hutsul woman was accused of setting fire to a landowner’s house and found guilty of arson, for which crime she was sentenced to death and executed.
Hutsul applied and decorative art is in demand — many of the Hutsul works of decorative art have found their way to private and public collections in many countries of the world.
Hutsuls also remember well that the geographical centre of Europe is situated in their land, in the town of Rakhiv, and being right in the centre of Europe, they are not in a hurry to leave their mountains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m