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Encyclopedia > Hushang Ebtehaj

Hushang Ebtehaj (هوشنگ ابتهاج), with the pen name of Sayeh (ه‍. ا. سایه) is an eminent Iranian poet of the 20th century, whose life and work spans Iran's political, cultural and literary upheavals.



He was born February 25, 1928 in Rasht, Iran, and had his primary schooling there before moving to Tehran. His first book of poetry, with an introduction by eminent poet Mehdi Hamidi Shirazi, was published when he was 19 years old. During Iran's open period following WWII, Sayeh got involved in various literary circles and contributed to various literary magazines such as Sokhan, Kavian, Sadaf, Maslehat, and others. Unlike many other literary figures of the time who got deeply involved in politics and left-leaning activities, Sayeh stayed true to his social and political consciousness but refrained from deeper involvement. He was employed at the National Cement Company for 22 years while continuing his literary activities. Later he was invited by the national Iranian Radio to produce the traditional music program "Golhaye Taze" and "Golchin Hafte."

After the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the ensuing suppression, Sayeh spent a year in prison for his writings. After his release, he began work on "Hafez, by Sayeh," a verse-for-verse study of the various publications of Hafez. In 1987, he moved to Cologne, Germany, with his family and lives there now.


Taken from Daftar-e Honar (http://www.daftar-e-honar.com) magazine article by Ahmad Karimi-Hakkak, 1996.

Sayeh published his first collection of poetry while he was still a high school student in the northern province of Gilan, Iran. His total output, however, remains small because of his preoccupation with high craftsmanship and exact phraseology. In the political climate of the 1940's, Sayeh was an ardent advocate of the poetry of social commitment. His own early poetry reveals his concern with purposive literature.

Sayeh has also written a collection of lyrical poems (ghazal) in the classical style. Here, he reveals an easy mastery of traditional forms -- the lyrical ode, in particular -- which he uses to celebrate both the sacred and the secular moments of life. Sayeh's poetry, at times highly emotional, is always remarkable for its convincing directness and unconcealed sentiment.

Poetical Works

  • The First Songs, 1946 (نخستین نغمه‌ها)
  • Mirage, 1951 (سراب)
  • Black Fortune I, 1953 (سیاه مشق ۱)
  • Nocturnal, 1953 (شبگیر)
  • Earth, 1955 (زمین)
  • Pages from the Longest Night, 1965 (چند برگ از یلدا)
  • Black Fortune II, 1973 (سیاه مشق ۲)
  • Until the Dawn of the Longest Night, 1981 (تا صبح شب یلدا)
  • Memorial to the Blood of the Cypress, 1981 (یادگار خون سرو)
  • Black Fortune III, 1985 (سیاه مشق ۳)
  • Black Fortune IV, 1992 (سیاه مشق ۴)
  • Mirror in Mirror, Selected Poems, 1995 (آینه در آینه)
(selected by M.R. Shafie-Kadkani)

Other works:

  • Hafez, by Sayeh, 1994 (حافظ به سعی سایه)

External links

  • Voice of Sayeh (http://www.iranian.com/Arts/2002/February/Sayeh/index.html) reading his poems (includes photos) on Iranian.com (http://www.iranian.com).

  Results from FactBites:
Hushang Ebtehaj - encyclopedia article about Hushang Ebtehaj. (1017 words)
Hushang Ebtehaj (هوشنگ ابتهاج), with the pen name pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author.
Some authors take on pen names to conceal their identity: for example the Bront%EB sisters, who felt they would either not be published at all, or not taken seriously as women authors.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
Harvard IOHP | Stuart Rockwell Transcripts (4934 words)
A. Ebtehaj was an interesting man. He had no concern about anything he said and it landed him in jail on several occasions.
A. Well probably on the basis of a message from Washington, under instructions to suggest that Ebtehaj was a person that would value the country that he was widely known internationally, and particularly in the United States, that it did not...
Q. It seems that Ebtehaj and Amini were two people, that I can think of right now, who spoke both languages.
  More results at FactBites »



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