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Encyclopedia > Hurricane Ivan
Hurricane Ivan
Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)

Hurricane Ivan as a Category 5
Formed September 2, 2004
Dissipated September 24, 2004
Highest
winds
165 mph (270 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Lowest pressure 910 mbar (hPa; 26.88 inHg)
Fatalities 92 direct, 32 indirect
Damage $19.2 billion (2004 USD)
$20.96 billion (2007 USD)
Areas
affected
Windward Islands (especially Grenada), Venezuela, Jamaica, Grand Cayman, Cuba, Alabama, Florida, and most of the eastern United States, (after rebirth) Texas, Louisiana
Part of the
2004 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Ivan was the strongest hurricane of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm formed as a Cape Verde-type hurricane in early September, and became the ninth named storm, the sixth hurricane, and the fourth major hurricane of the year. Ivan reached Category 5 strength on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, the highest possible category and the only one of the season. At the time it was sixth most intense Atlantic hurricane on record. The name Ivan was used for three tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean: 1980s Hurricane Ivan - A strong Category 2 hurricane that looped over the north-central Atlantic in October 1980. ... The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms, and thereby become hurricanes. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (6000x7800, 6586 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hurricane Ivan Portal:Tropical cyclones/Anniversaries/September Portal:Tropical cyclones/Anniversaries/September 7 ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... A millibar (mbar, also mb) is 1/1000th of a bar, a unit for measurement of pressure. ... HPA means Physiology Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal axis: The hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands work together to regulate hormone levels and maintain homeostasis. ... Inches of mercury or inHg is a non SI unit for pressure. ... USD redirects here. ... The Windward Islands are the southern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... Grand Cayman from space, April 1994 Grand Cayman is the largest of the three Cayman Islands at about 196 km² and contains the capital George Town. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2004, and lasted until November 30, 2004. ... The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2004, and lasted until November 30, 2004. ... Hurricane Ivan, a category 5 Cape Verde-type hurricane A Cape Verde-type hurricane is an Atlantic hurricane that develops near the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms, and thereby become hurricanes. ...


Ivan caused catastrophic damage to Grenada, which it struck directly at Category 3 intensity, and heavy damage to Jamaica, Grand Cayman, and the western tip of Cuba. After peaking in strength, it moved north-northwest across the Gulf of Mexico to make landfall as a strong Category 3 storm in the United States, in Orange Beach, Alabama, causing very heavy damage there. Ivan dropped heavy rains on the Southeastern United States as it looped across Florida and back into the Gulf of Mexico. The remnant low from the storm regenerated into a new tropical system, which moved into Louisiana and Texas, causing minimal damage. Ivan caused an estimated $13 billion worth of damage in the United States, making it the fifth costliest hurricane to ever strike the United States. Grand Cayman from space, April 1994 Grand Cayman is the largest of the three Cayman Islands at about 196 km² and contains the capital George Town. ... Orange Beach is a city in Baldwin County, Alabama, United States. ... The US Southeast is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, but the Census Bureau does not provide a standard definition of a Southeast region of the United States, and organizations that need to subdivide the US are free to define a Southeast region to fit their needs. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Storm history

Storm path
Storm path
Main article: Meteorological history of Hurricane Ivan
The eye of Hurricane Ivan as seen from the International Space Station on September 11, 2004.
The eye of Hurricane Ivan as seen from the International Space Station on September 11, 2004.

On September 2, 2004, Tropical Depression Nine formed from a large tropical wave southwest of the Cape Verde Islands. As the storm moved to the west it gradually strengthened, becoming Tropical Storm Ivan on September 3 and it reached hurricane strength on September 5, 1,150 miles (1,850 km) to the east of Tobago. Later that day the storm began to rapidly intensify, and by 5 p.m. EDT (2100 UTC), Ivan had become a Category 3 hurricane with winds of 125 mph (200 km/h). The National Hurricane Center noted the rapid strengthening of Hurricane Ivan on September 5 was unprecedented at such a low latitude in the Atlantic basin.[1][2] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x633, 384 KB) Summary Hurricane Ivan (2004) track. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x633, 384 KB) Summary Hurricane Ivan (2004) track. ... The path of Hurricane Ivan The meteorological history of Hurricane Ivan, the longest-lasting tropical cyclone of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season, lasted from late August through late September. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2686x2008, 792 KB) As Hurricane Ivans sustained 200 kilometer per hour winds wreaked havoc in the Caribbean, the swirling eye of the hurricane was photographed on September 11, 2004 from aboard the orbiting International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2686x2008, 792 KB) As Hurricane Ivans sustained 200 kilometer per hour winds wreaked havoc in the Caribbean, the swirling eye of the hurricane was photographed on September 11, 2004 from aboard the orbiting International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude... ISS redirects here. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tropical waves, also known as easterly waves, are elongated areas of relatively low air pressure, oriented north to south, causing areas of cloudiness and thunderstorms. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Castara village beach looking south, Tobago Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... ... The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms, and thereby become hurricanes. ... National Weather Service Logo The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the geographical term. ... The Atlantic Basin includes the main body of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, but ommits other bodies of water considered to be a part of the Atlantic Ocean in the broad sense, such as the Mediteranean Sea. ...


Hurricane Ivan weakened slightly as it continued to move west due to wind shear present in the area.[3] The storm passed over Grenada on September 7, battering several of the Windward Islands as it entered the Caribbean Sea. Ivan began to rapidly intensify again and became a Category 5 hurricane just north of the Windward Netherlands Antilles and Aruba on September 9 with winds reaching 160 mph (260 km/h). Hurricane Ivan weakened slightly as it moved west-northwest, towards Jamaica. As Ivan approached the island late on September 10, it began a westward jog which kept the eye and the strongest winds to the south and west. However, because it still came very close to the Jamaican coast the island was battered with hurricane-force winds for hours.[1] For the Marvel Comics character, see Windshear (comics). ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Windward Islands are the southern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean The Caribbean Sea (pronounced or ) is a tropical sea in the Western Hemisphere, part of the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Most intense Atlantic hurricanes
Intensity is measured solely by central pressure
Rank Hurricane Season Min. pressure
1 Wilma 2005 882 mbar (hPa)
2 Gilbert 1988 888 mbar (hPa)
3 "Labor Day" 1935 892 mbar (hPa)
4 Rita 2005 895 mbar (hPa)
5 Allen 1980 899 mbar (hPa)
6 Katrina 2005 902 mbar (hPa)
7 Camille 1969 905 mbar (hPa)
Mitch 1998 905 mbar (hPa)
9 Dean 2007 906 mbar (hPa)
10 Ivan 2004 910 mbar (hPa)
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce

After passing Jamaica, it resumed its more northerly track, and regained Category 5 strength. Ivan's strength continued to fluctuate as it moved west on September 11 and attained its highest winds of 170 mph (275 km/h) as it passed within 30 miles (45 km) of Grand Cayman. Ivan reached its peak strength with a minimum central pressure of 910 mbar (hPa) on September 12, making Ivan the tenth most intense Atlantic hurricane on record, as of August 2007. Hurricane Ivan passed through the Yucatán Channel late on September 13 while its eyewall affected the westernmost tip of Cuba. Once over the Gulf of Mexico, it weakened slightly to Category 4 strength, but maintained that intensity as it approached the Gulf Coast of the United States.[1] Diurnal (daily) rhythm of air pressure in northern Germany (black curve is air pressure) Atmospheric pressure is the pressure at any point in the Earths atmosphere. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, shattering previous records on repeated occasions. ... A millibar (mbar, also mb) is 1/1000th of a bar, a unit for measurement of pressure. ... For other uses, see Pascal. ... Lowest pressure 888 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The 1988 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1988, and lasted until November 30, 1988. ... Lowest pressure 892 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The 1935 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1935, and lasted until November 30, 1935. ... Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most... The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, shattering previous records on repeated occasions. ... Hurricane Allen was the strongest hurricane of the 1980 Atlantic hurricane season. ... First storm formed: July 31, 1980 Last storm dissipated: Nov. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, shattering previous records on repeated occasions. ... Lowest pressure 905 mbar (hPa; 26. ... First storm formed: July 25, 1969 Last storm dissipated: Nov. ... Lowest pressure 905 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The 1998 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1998, and lasted until November 30, 1998. ... Lowest pressure 906 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The 2007 Atlantic hurricane season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ... The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2004, and lasted until November 30, 2004. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Grand Cayman from space, April 1994 Grand Cayman is the largest of the three Cayman Islands at about 196 km² and contains the capital George Town. ... A millibar (mbar, also mb) is 1/1000th of a bar, a unit for measurement of pressure. ... HPA means Physiology Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal axis: The hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands work together to regulate hormone levels and maintain homeostasis. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Atlantic hurricane refers to a tropical cyclone that forms in the Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, usually in the Northern Hemisphere summer or autumn. ... The Yucatán Channel is a strait between Mexico and Cuba. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... States that border the Gulf of Mexico are shown in red The Gulf Coast region of the United States comprises the coasts of states which border the Gulf of Mexico. ...

Hurricane Ivan at landfall on the extreme eastern Alabama Gulf Coast.

Just before it made landfall in the United States, Hurricane Ivan's eyewall weakened considerably, and its southwestern portion almost disappeared in the hours before landfall. Around 2 a.m. CDT September 16 (0700 UTC), Ivan made landfall on the U.S. mainland in Orange Beach, Alabama as a Category 3 hurricane with 120 mph (195 km/h) winds. Ivan then continued inland, maintaining hurricane strength until it was over central Alabama. Ivan rapidly weakened that evening and became a tropical depression the same day, still over Alabama. Ivan lost tropical characteristics on September 18 while crossing Virginia and later that day the remnant low drifted off the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast into the Atlantic Ocean, and the low pressure disturbance continued to dump rain on the United States.[1] Download high resolution version (620x620, 56 KB)Hurricane Ivan: WSR-88D 0. ... Download high resolution version (620x620, 56 KB)Hurricane Ivan: WSR-88D 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Orange Beach is a city in Baldwin County, Alabama, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America, located in the northeastern section of the country, includes the following states and district: Delaware Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Washington, D.C. West Virginia Virginia These areas provided the young United States with heavy industry and served as...


On September 20 a small surface low, originating from the southern remnants of Ivan, completed an anticyclonic loop and moved across the Florida peninsula. As it continued west across the northern Gulf of Mexico, the system organized and took on tropical characteristics.[1] On September 22 the National Weather Service, "after considerable and sometimes animated in-house discussion [regarding] the demise of Ivan,"[4] determined that the low was in fact a result of the remnants of Ivan and thus named it accordingly. On the evening of September 23, the revived Ivan made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana as a tropical depression. Ivan finally dissipated on September 24 as it moved overland into Texas.[1] is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In meteorology, an anticyclone (that is, opposite to a cyclone) is a weather phenomenon in which there is a descending movement of the air and a high pressure area over the part of the planets surface affected by it. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cameron is a census-designated place located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


Records

Ivan as a Category 3 hurricane east of the Windwards on September 5, 2004.
Ivan as a Category 3 hurricane east of the Windwards on September 5, 2004.

Ivan set several new records for intensity at low latitudes. When Ivan first became a Category 3 hurricane on September 5 (1800 UTC), it was centered near 10.2 degrees north; this is the most southerly location on record[citation needed] for a major hurricane in the Atlantic basin. Just six hours later, Ivan also became the most southerly Category 4 hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin when it reached that intensity while located at 10.6 degrees north[citation needed]. Finally, Ivan managed to become the most southerly Category 5 hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin; it achieved this at midnight (UTC) on September 9 while centered at 13.7 degrees north. [8] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5200x6800, 4380 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hurricane Ivan ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5200x6800, 4380 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hurricane Ivan ... The Windward Islands are the southern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ivan had a total ACE of 70.6[citation needed], second only to the 1899 Hurricane San Ciriaco. Hurricane San Ciriaco was an Atlantic tropical cyclone which crossed Puerto Rico over the two day period August 8 to August 9, 1899, causing many deaths from the flooding. ...


Ivan had the world record of 33 (32 consecutive) 6 hourly reports at or above category 4 strength. This record was later broken two years later by Pacific Hurricane/Typhoon Ioke, which had 36 (33 consecutive) 6 hourly reports at category 4 strength. Lowest pressure 920 hPa (mbar) Damages Unknown Fatalities 0 Areas affected Johnston Atoll, Wake Island, Minami Torishima, southwestern and south-central Alaska Part of the 2006 Pacific hurricane season and the 2006 Pacific typhoon season Hurricane Ioke (also Typhoon Ioke, international designation 0612, JTWC designation 01C also sometimes called Super...


On September 16th 2004 Hurricane Ivan created the largest "wave" of water ever recorded[citation needed] . Scientists from the Naval Research Laboratory at Stennis Space Centre, Mississippi, have had to employ a computer model to predict[citation needed] that, while they were not looking, the height of the storm the wave reached 131 ft, equivalent to the height of a 15 story building. By comparison, the tsunami wave that swept across the Indian Ocean in December 2004 stood about 30 ft high as it hit shorelines, although in some parts of Indonesia it was reported[citation needed] to have reached 65 ft.


Preparations

In the Caribbean, 500,000 Jamaicans were told to evacuate from coastal areas, but only 5,000 were reported to have moved to shelters. 12,000 residents and tourists were evacuated from Isla Mujeres off Yucatan. Isla Mujeres Isla Mujeres Isla Mujeres is the name of a small island, as well as the town on that island, a short distance off the coast of the north east of the Yucatan Peninsula in the Caribbean Sea. ...


In Louisiana, mandatory evacuations of vulnerable areas in Jefferson, Lafourche, Plaquemines, St. Charles, St. James, St. John the Baptist and Tangipahoa parishes took place, with voluntary evacuations in 6 other parishes ordered. More than one-third of the population of Greater New Orleans voluntarily evacuated, including more than half of the residents of New Orleans. At the height of the evacuation, intense traffic congestion on local highways caused delays of up to 12 hours. About a thousand special-needs patients were housed at the Louisiana Superdome during the storm. Ivan was considered a particular threat to the New Orleans area because dangers of catastrophic flooding. Thankfully, the city and the rest of the Metro Area dodged a bullet and flood walls held. However, Plaquemines and St. Bernard Parishes suffered a moderate amount of wind damage. Hurricane preparedness for New Orleans was judged poor[5]. As had been repeated most hurricane seasons since the 1960s, at one point the media sparked fears of an "Atlantean" catastrophe if the hurricane were to make a direct strike on the city[6]. These fears were not realized, as the storm's path turned further east. The publicity generated may have contributed to the somewhat more effective evacuation of the city in preparation for Hurricane Katrina a year later, however. This article is about the U.S. State. ... Jefferson Parish is a parish in Louisiana that includes most of the suburbs of New Orleans. ... Lafourche Parish is a parish located in the south of the state of Louisiana. ... Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... Tangipahoa Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, or Greater New Orleans, is the largest metropolitan area in Louisiana, centered around New Orleans. ... NOLA redirects here. ... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... New Orleans, Louisiana sits between (and below) the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain. ... For other uses, see Atlantis (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


In Mississippi, evacuation of mobile homes and vulnerable areas took place in Hancock, Jackson and Harrison counties. In Alabama, evacuation in the areas of Mobile and Baldwin counties south of Interstate 10 was ordered, including a third of the incorporated territory of the City of Mobile, as well as several of its suburbs. This article is about the U.S. state. ... A modern double-wide manufactured home. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Harrison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Mobile County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Baldwin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ...


In Florida, a full evacuation of the Florida Keys began at 7:00 a.m. EDT September 10, but was lifted at 5:00 a.m. EDT September 13 as Ivan tracked further west than originally predicted. Voluntary evacuations were declared in ten counties along the Florida Panhandle, with strong emphasis in the immediate western counties of Escambia, Santa Rosa, and Okaloosa. Palm trees in Islamorada The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Florida Panhandle is the region of the state of Florida which includes the westernmost 16 counties in the state. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Santa Rosa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Okaloosa County is a county located in the state of Florida. ...


It caused "The Little Zoo That Could," located in Alabama, to evacuate 270 animals at the time which lead to much distress. The evacuation had to be done within a couple of hours and there were only 28 volunteers that helped in moving the 270 animals. The Little Zoo That Could was a thirteen-part television reality show on Animal Planet. ...


Impact

Deaths from Hurricane Ivan
Country Total Region or State Area
total
Direct
deaths
Barbados 1 1
Cayman Islands 2 1
Dominican Republic 4 4
Grenada 39 39
Jamaica 17 17
Trinidad and Tobago 1 Tobago 1 1
USA 54 Alabama 5 0
Connecticut 1 0
Florida 19 14
Georgia 4 2
Louisiana 4 0
Maryland 1 0
Mississippi 3 1
North Carolina 10 8
Pennsylvania 6 0
Tennessee 1 0
Venezuela 3 3
Totals 121 91
Because of differing sources, totals may not match.
Sources: [7][8][9][10][11]

Ivan killed 64 people in the Caribbean—mainly in Grenada and Jamaica—three in Venezuela, and 25 in the United States, including fourteen in Florida. Thirty-two more deaths in the United States were indirectly attributed to Ivan. Tornadoes spawned by Ivan struck communities along concentric arcs on the leading edge of the storm.[12] Blountstown, Florida, Marianna, Florida and Panama City Beach suffered three of the most devastating tornadoes. A Panama City Beach news station was nearly hit by an F2 tornado during the storm. [13] Ivan also caused over $13 billion in damages in the United States and $3 billion in the Caribbean. Castara village beach looking south, Tobago Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Blountstown is a city located in Calhoun County, Florida. ... Marianna is a city in Jackson County, Florida, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Bay County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Bay incorporated 1969 Government  - Mayor Gayle Oberst Area  - Total 18. ... The Fujita scale (F-Scale), or Fujita-Pearson scale, rates a tornados intensity by the damage it inflicts on human-built structures and sometimes on vegetation. ...


Grenada

Aftermath of Hurricane Ivan in Grenada
Aftermath of Hurricane Ivan in Grenada

Ivan passed directly over Grenada on September 7, 2004, killing 39 people. The capital, St. George's, was severely damaged and several notable buildings were destroyed, including the residence of the prime minister. Ivan also caused extensive damage to a local prison, allowing most of the inmates to escape. The island, in the words of a Caribbean disaster official, suffered "total devastation". According to a member of the Grenadian parliament, at least 85% of the small island was devastated. [14] Extensive looting was reported. In all, damage on the island totaled to $815 million (2004 USD). [1] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... St. ...


Jamaica

On September 11–12, the centre of Ivan passed near Jamaica, causing significant wind and flood damage. Looters were reported roaming the streets of Jamaica's capital city, Kingston (which appeared deserted), robbing emergency workers at gunpoint. Overall, 17 people were killed in Jamaica and 18,000 people were left homeless as a result of the flood waters and high winds. [15] Most of the major resorts and hotels fared well, though, and were reopened soon only a few days after Ivan had passed. [16] Damage on Jamaica totaled to $360 million (2004 USD). [1] Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lung, to rob), sacking, plundering, or pillaging is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe or riot, such as during war,[1] natural disaster,[2] or rioting. ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ...


Cayman Islands

In the Cayman Islands, governor Bruce Dinwiddy described damage as "very, very severe and widespread." A quarter or more of the buildings on the islands were reported to be uninhabitable, with 85% damaged to some extent. Much of Grand Cayman Island still remained without power, water or sewer services for several months later. After five months, barely half the pre-Ivan hotel rooms were usable. Only two persons were killed on the islands. [17] The damage totaled to $1.85 billion (2004 USD) in the Cayman Islands. [1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bruce Harry Dinwiddy (born February 1, 1946 in Epsom, England) is the governor of the Cayman Islands since 2002. ...

Rest of the Caribbean

Elsewhere in the Caribbean, a pregnant woman was killed in Tobago when a tree fell on top of her home, while another casualty was caused to a 75-year-old Canadian woman that drowned in Barbados. There were also four deaths in the Dominican Republic and three in Venezuela. Over one-hundred fifty homes on Barbados and around 60 homes in St. Vincent and the Grenadines were also reportedly damaged. The regions' Caribbean Development Bank estimates Ivan caused over $3 billion damage on island nations, mostly in the Cayman Islands, Grenada and Jamaica. Castara village beach looking south, Tobago Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ... The Caribbean Development Bank is a financial institution which assists Caribbean nations in financing social and economic programs in its member countries. ...


Even though Ivan did not make landfall on Cuban soil, its storm surge caused localized flooding on Santiago de Cuba and Granma, on the southern part of the island. At Cienfuegos, the storm produced 15 ft (5 m) waves, and at Pinar del Río, there were 339 mm (13 in) of rainfall recorded. While there were no casualties in the island, the Cuban government estimates that about 1.2 billion USD of property damage were directly due to Ivan.[17] Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island nation of Cuba, some 540 miles (869 km) east south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana. ... Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. ... The roof terrace of Palacio de Valle in southern Cienfuegos at night. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Pinar del Río is a city in Cuba. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


United States

Hurricane Ivan sank and stacked numerous boats at Bayou Grande Marina at NAS Pensacola.
Hurricane Ivan sank and stacked numerous boats at Bayou Grande Marina at NAS Pensacola.

Along with the 14 deaths in Florida, Ivan is blamed for eight in North Carolina, two in Georgia, and one in Mississippi. There were an additional 32 deaths reported as indirectly caused by the storm. Download high resolution version (750x1128, 222 KB)Caption: 040922-N-0000X-081 Naval Air Station Pensacola, Fla. ... Download high resolution version (750x1128, 222 KB)Caption: 040922-N-0000X-081 Naval Air Station Pensacola, Fla. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Ivan caused an estimated $13 billion in damage in the United States alone, making it the third costliest hurricane on record at the time, being very near Hurricane Charley's $14 billion but well below Hurricane Andrew's $26 billion. Hurricane Hugo; Ivan displaced Hurricane Hugo which had previously held the third spot. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused $81 billion in damage, displacing Ivan to fourth place, and Hurricane Wilma caused $20 billion in damage, displacing Ivan again to fifth place. This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004; for other storms named Hurricane Charley, see Hurricane Charley (disambiguation). ... Lowest pressure 922 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Lowest pressure 918 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Lowest pressure 918 mbar (hPa; 27. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa; 26. ...

Costliest U.S. Atlantic hurricanes
Cost refers to total estimated property damage.
Rank Hurricane Season Cost (2005 USD)
1 Katrina 2005 $81.2 billion
2 Andrew 1992 $44.9 billion
3 Wilma 2005 $20.6 billion
4 Charley 2004 $15.4 billion
5 Ivan 2004 $14.6 billion
Main article: List of notable Atlantic hurricanes

For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, shattering previous records on repeated occasions. ... Lowest pressure 922 mbar (hPa; 27. ... The 1992 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1992, and lasted until November 30, 1992. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, shattering previous records on repeated occasions. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004; for other storms named Hurricane Charley, see Hurricane Charley (disambiguation). ... The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2004, and lasted until November 30, 2004. ... The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2004, and lasted until November 30, 2004. ... This is a list of notable Atlantic hurricanes, subdivided by reason for notability. ...

Florida

Heavy damage as Ivan made landfall on the U.S. coastline was observed in Pensacola, Pensacola Beach, dwellings situated far inland along the shorelines of Escambia Bay, East Bay, and Blackwater Bay in Escambia County and Santa Rosa County, and Fort Walton Beach, Florida on the eastern side of the storm. The area just west of Pensacola, including the community of Warrington which includes Pensacola NAS, Perdido Key, and Southwest Escambia County, took the brunt of the storm. Some of the subdivisions in this part of the county were completely destroyed, with a few key roads in the Perdido area only opened in late 2005, over a year after the storm hit. Shattered windows from gusts and flying projectiles experienced throughout the night of the storm were common. On Pensacola Beach, roads still remain closed due to damage from Ivan's storm surge. Nickname: Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Escambia Government  - Mayor John Fogg Area  - City 39. ... The iconic Pensacola Beach ball. ... Escambia Bay is a bay located in Escambia County, Florida, in the far western Florida Panhandle. ... East Bay (upper right) is east of Pensacola, Florida and Escambia Bay. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Santa Rosa County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Fort Walton Beach is a city in Okaloosa County, Florida, United States. ... Warrington is a census-designated place located in Escambia County, Florida. ... Naval Air Station Pensacola, The Cradle of Naval Aviation, is a United States Navy base located in Warrington, Florida, a community southwest of the Pensacola city limits. ... Perdido Key in Florida is a census-designated place with a population of 8,000. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ...

Damage to I-10 causeway over Escambia Bay near Pensacola

In Pensacola, the Interstate 10 bridge across Escambia Bay was heavily damaged, with as much as a quarter mile (400 m) of the bridge collapsing into the bay. The causeway that carries U.S. Highway 90 across the northern part of the same bay was also heavily damaged. Virtually all of Perdido Key, an area on the outskirts of Pensacola that bore the brunt of Ivan's winds and rain, was essentially leveled. High surf and wind brought extensive damage to Innerarity Point. The Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay near Pensacola, Florida, 36 hours after Hurricane Ivan inflicted significant damage. ... The Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay near Pensacola, Florida, 36 hours after Hurricane Ivan inflicted significant damage. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Escambia Bay is a bay located in Escambia County, Florida, in the far western Florida Panhandle. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Escambia Bay is a bay located in Escambia County, Florida, in the far western Florida Panhandle. ... United States Highway 90 is an east-west United States highway. ... Perdido Key in Florida is a census-designated place with a population of 8,000. ...


As of June 2006, more than 1,000 families are still living in FEMA-provided trailers in the Pensacola area.[citation needed] FEMA trailer in front of formerly flooded house The term FEMA trailer,[1][2] or FEMA travel trailer, is the name commonly given by the United States Government[1] to many forms of temporary manufactured housing assigned to the victims of Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita by the Federal Emergency...


Alabama

The city of Demopolis, over 100 miles inland in west-central Alabama, endured wind gusts estimated at 90 mph (150 km/h), while Montgomery saw wind gusts in the 60–70 mph (95–115 km/h) range at the height of the storm. [18] Demopolis is a city located in Marengo County, Alabama. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Government  - Mayor Bobby Bright Area  - City  156. ...


The heaviest damage as Ivan made landfall on the U.S. coastline was observed in Baldwin County in Alabama, where the storm's eye (and eyewall) made landfall. High surf and wind brought extensive damage to Orange Beach near the border with Florida. Brewton, Alabama, which is a community about 50 miles inland also suffered severe damage. Baldwin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Orange Beach is a city in Baldwin County, Alabama, United States. ... Brewton is a city located in Escambia County, Alabama. ...


In addition to the damage to the southern portions of the state, there was extensive damage to the state's electrical grid. At the height of the outages, Alabama Power reported 489,000 subscribers had lost electrical power - roughly half of their subscriber base. Alabama Power is a company in the southern United States that provides electricity service to 1. ...

Ivan Rainfall in the United States

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 639 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (991 × 930 pixels, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/gif) David Roth Hydrometeorological Prediction Center Camp Springs, MD http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 639 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (991 × 930 pixels, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/gif) David Roth Hydrometeorological Prediction Center Camp Springs, MD http://www. ...

Rest of the United States

Further inland, Ivan caused major flooding, bringing the Chattahoochee River near Atlanta and many other rivers and streams to levels at or near 100-year records. The Delaware River and its tributaries crested just below their all-time records set by Hurricane Diane in 1955. A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... Map of the Apalachicola River system with the Chattahoochee highlighted. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Hurricane Diane was one of three hurricanes to hit to North Carolina during 1955. ...


In Western North Carolina, many streams and rivers reached well above flood stage in an area which was heavily flood damaged just a week and a half before from the remnants of Hurricane Frances, causing many roads to be closed. The Blue Ridge Parkway as well as Interstate 40 through the Pigeon River gorge in Haywood County, North Carolina, sustained major damage, and landslides were common across the mountains. As a result of the rain, a major debris flow of mud, rocks, trees, and water surged down Peek's Creek, near Franklin, North Carolina, sweeping away 15 houses and killing five people. [19] [20] Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004; for other storms of the same name, see Hurricane Frances (disambiguation) Lowest pressure 935 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Blue Ridge Parkway route map The Blue Ridge Parkway is a National Parkway and All-American Road in the United States, noted for its scenic beauty. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 40 Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ... The Pigeon River may refer to: The Pigeon River between Minnesota and Ontario in North America. ... Haywood County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Peeks Creek is a stream located in Macon County, North Carolina. ...


The system also spawned deadly tornadoes as far north as Maryland,[21] and destroyed seven oil platforms in the Gulf of Mexico while at sea. While crossing over the Mid-Atlantic states, Ivan's remnants spawned 117 tornadoes across the eastern United States, with 26 tornadoes in the Washington, D.C. and Southern Maryland area alone.[citation needed] Ivan then moved into the Wheeling, West Virginia and Pittsburgh area, causing major flooding. Pittsburgh International Airport recorded the highest 24-hour rainfall for Pittsburgh, recording 5.95 in. of rain.[9][22] Ivan's rain caused widespread flooding. The Juniata River basin was flooded, and the Frankstown Branch crested at its highest level ever. This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Southern Maryland counties. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... PIT redirects here. ... The Juniata River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 90 miles (145 km long), in central Pennsylvania in the United States. ...


After Ivan regenerated in the Gulf of Mexico, it caused further heavy rainfall up to 8 inches (20 cm) in areas of Louisiana and Texas.


Canada

On the morning of September 21, the remnant mid-level circulation of Ivan combined with a frontal system. This produced a plume of moisture over the Canadian Maritimes for four days, producing heavy rainfall totaling to 6.2 (158 mm) inches in Gander, Newfoundland. High winds of up to 89 mph (143 km/h) downed trees and caused power outages in Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, and eastern Nova Scotia. The system produced intense waves of up to 50 feet (15 m) near Cape Bonavista. The system killed two when it grounded a fishing vessel, and was indirectly responsible for 4 traffic fatalities in Newfoundland. [23] is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Maritimes or Maritime provinces are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ... Gander is a town in northeastern Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English, Canadian Gaelic Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Cape Bonavista is a headland located on the east coast of the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


Aftermath

Grenada

Grenada suffered serious economic repercussions following the destruction caused by Ivan. Before Ivan, the economy of Grenada was projected to grow by 4.7%, but the island's economy instead contracted by nearly 3% in 2004. The economy was also projected to grow by at least 5% through 2007, but, as of 2005, that estimate had been lowered to less than 1%. The government of Grenada also admitted that the government debt, 130% of the island's GDP, was "unsustainable" in October 2004, and appointed a group of professional debt advisors in January 2005 to try to alleviate the situation [10]. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        Government debt (also known as public debt or national debt) is...


More than $150 million was sent to Grenada in 2004 to aid reconstruction following Ivan, but the economic situation remains fragile. The IMF reports that as "difficult enough as the present fiscal situation is, it is unfortunately quite easy to envisage circumstances that would make it even more so." Furthermore, "shortfalls in donor financing and tax revenues, or events such as a further rise in global oil prices, pose a grave risk." [24] IMF redirects here. ...


United States

Hurricane Ivan is suspected of bringing spores of soybean rust from Venezuela into the United States, the first ever occurrences of soybean rust found in North America. Since the Florida soybean crop had already been mostly harvested, economic damage was limited. Some of the most severe outbreaks in South America have been known to reduce soybean crop yields by half or more. [25] Species Phakopsora meibromiae Phakopsora pachyrizi Soybean rust, sometimes also called Asian soybean rust, is a disease that affects soybeans and other legumes. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name (L.) Merr. ...


Retirement

See also: List of retired Atlantic hurricanes

This storm also marked the third occasion the name "Ivan" had been used to name a tropical cyclone in the Atlantic, as well as the fourth occurrence worldwide. The name Ivan was retired in the spring of 2005 by the World Meteorological Organization and will never again be used in the Atlantic basin. It was replaced by Igor for the 2010 season. This is a list of all Atlantic hurricanes that have had their names retired. ... WMO flag The World Meteorological Organization (WMO, French: , OMM) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 188 Member States and Territories. ... The Atlantic Basin includes the main body of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, but ommits other bodies of water considered to be a part of the Atlantic Ocean in the broad sense, such as the Mediteranean Sea. ... The 2010 Atlantic hurricane season will be an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ...


See also

Tropical cyclones Portal

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x662, 320 KB) http://eol. ... This is a list of notable Atlantic hurricanes, subdivided by reason for notability. ... Hurricane Isabel viewed from space This is a list of all Atlantic hurricanes that have reached Category 5, the highest classification of tropical cyclone intensity on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. ... Gulf Stream currents (1943 map). ...

References

  1. Ivan aims at Jamaica - Wednesday, September 08, 2004 - Jamaica Observer
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i NHC Tropical Cyclone Report for Hurricane Ivan
  2. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al092004.discus.014.shtml?
  3. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al092004.discus.017.shtml?
  4. ^ National Hurricane Center's Tropical Depression IVAN Special Discussion Number 67, September 22 2004
  5. ^ "What if Hurricane Ivan Had Not Missed New Orleans?", Natural Hazards Observer, November 2004. 
  6. ^ "Direct hit by Ivan in New Orleans could mean a modern Atlantis", USA Today, September 14, 2004. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ [5]
  12. ^ "Ivan's stormy trek floods Southeast", CNN, September 16, 2004. 
  13. ^ Video of the tornado
  14. ^ "Cuba mostly spared Ivan's wrath", Associated Press, September 15, 2004. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Gives Jamaica $450,000 for School Equipment and Supplies", United States Department of State, February 16, 2005. 
  16. ^ "News Conference Report: Tourism impact on the Caribbean by Hurricanes Frances, Ivan, Jeanne", CDERA, September 30, 2004. 
  17. ^ a b World Meteorological Organization (2005). Twenty-seventh Session, RA IV Hurricane Committee: Final Report (PDF). Retrieved on 2006-04-27.
  18. ^ NOAA "Significant events"
  19. ^ [6]
  20. ^ [7]
  21. ^ "Maryland women die in Ivan's wake", The Washington Times, September 19, 2004. 
  22. ^ "NWS Pittsburgh Climate Data, August, 2004." Hourly Climate Data. Pittsburgh, PA. 21 June 2006. http://www.erh.noaa.gov/pbz/hourlyclimate.htm
  23. ^ Canadian Hurricane Centre (2004). 2004 Tropical Cyclone Season Summary. Retrieved on 2006-06-23.
  24. ^ "Grenada Making Comeback from Hurricane Ivan", United States Department of State, February 24, 2005. 
  25. ^ Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (November 17, 2004). Soybean Rust Confirmed In Florida

National Weather Service Logo The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ... WMO flag The World Meteorological Organization (WMO, French: , OMM) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 188 Member States and Territories. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Tropical cyclones of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season
I
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hurricane Ivan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3320 words)
The National Hurricane Center noted the rapid strengthening of Hurricane Ivan on September 5 was unprecedented at such a low latitude in the Atlantic basin.
Hurricane Ivan weakened slightly as it continued to move west due to wind shear present in the area.
Heavy damage as Ivan made landfall on the U.S. coastline was observed in Pensacola, Pensacola Beach, dwellings situated far inland along the shorelines of Escambia Bay, East Bay, and Blackwater Bay in Escambia County and Santa Rosa County, and Fort Walton Beach, Florida on the eastern side of the storm.
Hurricane Ivan (779 words)
September 9, as of the 2am EDT update, Ivan reached a new top sustained windspeed of 160 mph (260 km/h) and was classified as a Category 5 hurricane.
Ivan is pummelling Jamaica, though the wobble has thus far kept the eye just south of the island.
Ivan is an extremely dangerous storm, and is not forecast to weaken significantly before striking land.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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