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Encyclopedia > Hurricane Hunters

Hurricane Hunters are aircraft that fly into tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic Ocean and Northeastern Pacific Ocean for the specific purpose of directly measuring weather data in and around those storms. In the Western Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean, the titles of Typhoon Chasers (Air Force) or Typhoon Trackers (Navy) are used for these organizations. In the United States, the Air Force, Navy, NOAA and NASA units have all participated in this mission. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... One of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations Lockheed WP-3D Orion weather reconnaissance aircraft in flight. ... One of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations Lockheed WP-3D Orion weather reconnaissance aircraft in flight. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ... An air force, in some countries called an air army, is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... An air force, in some countries called an air army, is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... This article is about the American space agency. ...


Before artificial satellites were used to find storms, the military units flew routine weather reconnaissance tracks to actually hunt to see if any tropical cyclones were forming. While satellites can now perform this part of the mission, they still cannot directly measure the weather data inside these storms. For other uses, please see Satellite (disambiguation) A satellite is an object that orbits another object (known as its primary). ... For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... For other uses, please see Satellite (disambiguation) A satellite is an object that orbits another object (known as its primary). ... For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ...


The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, better known as the “Hurricane Hunters,” is a United States Air Force squadron of aircraft, based in Biloxi, Mississippi, that flies missions into hurricanes and weather systems for research purposes and observation. “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Biloxi Lighthouse (of 1848) Biloxi () is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, in the U.S.. The 2000 census recorded the population as 50,644. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ...


The Hurricane Hunters of the Air Force Reserve should not be confused with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters, based out of its Aircraft Operations Center on MacDill AFB, in Tampa, Florida, who use their WP-3D Orion and Gulfstream IV-SP aircraft for this mission. The Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) is a major command (MAJCOM) of the U.S. Air Force with its headquarters at Robins AFB, Georgia United States. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... The Aircraft Operations Center is the main base for the approximately 15 aicraft of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ... MacDill Air Force Base (MacDill AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Florida, 8 miles south of Tampa at the tip of the Interbay Peninsula. ... Tampas skyline For alternate meanings, see Tampa (disambiguation) Tampa is a city located in Hillsborough County on the west coast of Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Categories: Stub | Special-purpose aircraft ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


Although satellite data has revolutionized weather forecasters' ability to spot signs of tropical cyclones before they form, there are still many important tasks for which it is not suited. Satellite imagery cannot determine the interior barometric pressure of a hurricane, nor can it provide accurate information about wind speeds. These data are needed by forecasters to accurately predict a hurricane's development and movement. For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Modern weather predictions aid in timely evacuations and potentially save lives and property damage Weather map of Europe, 10 December 1887 Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a future time and a given location. ... Atmospheric pressure is the pressure caused by the weight of air above any area in the Earths atmosphere. ...


Because satellites cannot collect the data and ships are both too slow and too vulnerable to large storm-generated waves, the only viable way to collect this data is with aircraft. Thus, the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron “Hurricane Hunters” has the task of flying instrumented WC-130J aircraft into storms to collect the required meteorological data. The area of responsibility for the “Hurricane Hunters” is midway through the Atlantic Ocean to the Hawai’ian Islands. The Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunters have also been tasked to fly into typhoons in the Pacific Ocean on occasion, as well as gather data in winter storms. The WC-130 Hercules is a high-wing, medium-range aircraft flown by the Air Force Reserve Command for weather reconnaissance missions. ... Map of the Hawaiian Islands, a chain of islands that stretches 2,400 km in a northwesterly direction from the southern tip of the Island of Hawai‘i. ... This article or section should be merged with Air Force Reserve Command Overview The Air Force Reserve is an integral and essential part of the United States presence in air and space. ...

Contents

Aircraft

The WC-130J aircraft is a venerable workhorse of an aircraft with four turboprop engines. Their purpose is to fly directly into the hurricane, typically penetrating the hurricane's eye several times in one mission at no higher than 10,000 feet and no lower than 500 feet. The 53rd WRS “Hurricane Hunters” operate ten WC-130J aircraft for weather reconnaissance. The WC-130 Hercules is a high-wing, medium-range aircraft flown by the Air Force Reserve Command for weather reconnaissance missions. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ...


Other aircraft have been used to investigate hurricanes, including an instrumented Lockheed U-2 that was flown in Hurricane Ginny during the 1963 Atlantic hurricane season. The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed Dragon Lady, is a single-seat, single-engine, high-altitude aircraft flown by the United States Air Force. ... The 1963 Atlantic hurricane season was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ... ...


Past aircraft used were the RB-17, 1945-1946; TB-17, 1945-1947; B-25, 1946-1947; B-29, 1946-1947. WB-29, 1951-1956; WB-50, 1956-1960. WB-50, 1962-1963; WB-47, 1963-1969; C-130, 1965; WC-130B,E,H 1965-1991; RC-130, 1974-1975; HC-130, 1976. WC-130H, 1993-2005. The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed for the US Army Air Corps (USAAC). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed for the US Army Air Corps (USAAC). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... B-25 Mitchell, England, 2001 B_25 Mitchell was a twin_engined, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation in the United States and used during World War II. By the time production of the plane ended, roughly 10,000 had been built, including PBJ_1 Navy Patrol Bomber and an F-10... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Boeing Model 341/345) was a four-engine heavy bomber flown by the United States Army Air Force. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Boeing Model 341/345) was a four-engine heavy bomber flown by the United States Army Air Force. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing B-50 Superfortress was basically a post-World War II revision of the wartime B_29 Superfortress with new, more powerful (3,500_HP Pratt & Whitney R_4360_35) radial engines and numerous other improvements. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing B-50 Superfortress was basically a post-World War II revision of the wartime B_29 Superfortress with new, more powerful (3,500_HP Pratt & Whitney R_4360_35) radial engines and numerous other improvements. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing B-47 Stratojet jet bomber was a major postwar innovation in combat jet design, and it helped lead to the development of modern jet airliners. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The WC-130 Hercules is a high-wing, medium-range aircraft flown by the Air Force Reserve Command for weather reconnaissance missions. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The HC-130P/N is an extended-range, combat search and rescue version of the C-130 Hercules transport. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The WC-130 Hercules is a high-wing, medium-range aircraft flown by the Air Force Reserve Command for weather reconnaissance missions. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Deployment

Current deployment

The Air Force Reserve 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron is currently based at Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississippi, and the majority of all of the reconnaissance flights are based from Keesler. The United States Air Force Reserve “Hurricane Hunters” are the only operational weather reconnaissance unit in the world. August 31, 2005: C-17 Globemasters unload supplies at Keesler following Hurricane Katrina. ... This article or section should be merged with Air Force Reserve Command Overview The Air Force Reserve is an integral and essential part of the United States presence in air and space. ...


NOAA, a non-military uniformed service, also performs research hurricane missions with a separate fleet of three aircraft, most of which are based at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... The United States has seven uniformed services as defined by Title 10 of the United States Code. ... Aerial Photo of MacDill Air Force Base, Florida - March 1987 MacDill Air Force Base Emblem showing a KC-135 Stratotanker of the 6th Air Mobility Wing with the Tampa Skyline and Gasparilla ship in the background. ... Nickname: Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida. ...


Hurricane Katrina

The landfall of Hurricane Katrina on 29 August 2005 caused devastating damage to Keesler Air Force Base, home base of the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron. The equipment and personnel of the squadron were flying out of Dobbins Air Reserve Base near Atlanta. Despite heavy losses, the squadron never missed a tasked mission from the National Hurricane Center. The 53rd has since returned to Keesler and is now once again flying weather reconnaissance missions from the base. This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dobbins Air Reserve Base is a U.S. Air Force Reserve base located in Marietta, Georgia, a suburb about 20 miles or 30 kilometers northwest of Atlanta. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... National Weather Service Logo The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ...


History

View of the eyewall of Hurricane Katrina taken on Aug 28, 2005 by a NOAA P-3.
View of the eyewall of Hurricane Katrina taken on Aug 28, 2005 by a NOAA P-3.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 208 KB) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 208 KB) http://www. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...

1943 Surprise Hurricane

The 1943 Surprise Hurricane, which struck Houston, Texas during World War II, marked the first intentional meteorological flight into a hurricane. It started with a bet. The 1943 Surprise Hurricane struck the Houston, Texas area on July 27, 1943. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


That summer, British pilots were being trained in instrument flying at Bryan Field. When they saw that the Americans were evacuating their AT-6 Texan trainers in the face of the storm, they began questioning the construction of the aircraft. Lead instructor Colonel Joe Duckworth took one of the trainers out, and flew it straight into the eye of the storm. After he returned safely with navigator Lt. Ralph O'Hair, the base's weather officer, Lt. William Jones-Burdick, took over the navigator's seat and Duckworth flew into the storm a second time. Riverside Campus is part of Texas A&M University. ... The T-6 Texan was a single-engine advanced trainer aircraft designed by North American Aviation, used to train fighter pilots of the United States Army Air Forces, United States Navy, Royal Air Force and other air forces of the British Commonwealth during World War II. The T-6 is... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... For the web browser of the same name, see Netscape Navigator A navigator is the person onboard a ship responsible for the navigation of the vessel. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ...


This flight showed that hurricane reconnaissance flights were possible, and further flights continued on an irregular basis. In 1946, the moniker “Hurricane Hunters” was first used, and the Air Force and now Air Force Reserve have used it ever since.


Swan 38

In 1974, a newly converted WC-130 (serial number 65-0965) was transferred to the 54th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, the "Typhoon Chasers", at Andersen Air Force Base on Guam. The aircraft was sent to investigate Typhoon Bess. The crew departed Clark Air Base in the Philippines with the callsign “Swan 38.” Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... A B-1B at Andersen This B-2 Spirit was photographed in 2004 at Andersen Andersen Air Force Base is a base of the United States Air Force on the island of Guam in the Pacific Ocean. ... Typhoon Bess was the twenty-third tropical storm and the ninth typhoon of the 1974 Pacific typhoon season. ... Clark Air Base, 1975. ...


Radio contact with the aircraft was lost on 12 October 1974, apparently as the aircraft was heading into the typhoon's eye to make a second position fix. There were no radio transmissions indicating an emergency on board, and search teams could not locate the aircraft or its crew. All six crew members were listed as KIA. is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Temporary grave of an American machine-gunner during the Battle of Normandy. ...


Swan 38 is one of only a handful of Hurricane ,Hunter flights lost, and the only WC-130 to go down in a storm. The WC-130 Hercules is a high-wing, medium-range aircraft flown by the Air Force Reserve Command for weather reconnaissance missions. ...


See also

Tropical cyclones Portal

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x662, 320 KB) http://eol. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... A vortex data message (or VDM) is a text bulletin issued by Air Force and NOAA Hurricane Hunter reconnaissance aircraft during flights when a low-level circulation (vortex) has been fixed during tropical cyclone reconnaissance. ... Argo is a network of oceanic robotic probes coverig the Earths oceans, with a total of 3000 probes planned. ... Global Atmosphere Watchs logo The Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) is a worldwide system established by the World Meteorological Organization – a United Nations agency – to monitor trends in the Earths atmosphere. ... Aircraft Shyamala Communication Addressing and Reporting System (or ACARS) is a digital datalink system for transmission of small messages between aircraft and ground stations via radio or satellite. ... Aircraft Meteorological Data Relay (AMDAR) is a program initiated by the World Meteorological Organization. ... An aircraft report (AIREP), colloquially air report, is a message from an in-flight aircraft to a ground station. ... An AWS in Antarctica An automatic weather station (AWS) is an automated version of the traditional weather station, either to save human labour or to enable measurements from remote areas. ... The Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) and the older Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS) are sensors used to measure and record hourly and significant weather conditions at airports across the United States. ... The Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) is a meteorological observation network along the coastal United States. ... Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS) is a Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commissions program whose purpose is to measure the sea level globally for long term climate change studies. ... METAR (for METeorological Aerodrome Report) is a format for reporting weather information. ... NEXRAD Radar at NSSL NEXRAD or Nexrad (Next-Generation Radar) is a network of 158 high-resolution Doppler radars operated by the National Weather Service, an agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), in the United States. ... A pilot report or PIREP is a report of actual weather conditions encountered by an aircraft in flight. ... The Remote Automated Weather Stations (RAWS) system is a network of weather stations run by the U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management and monitored by the National Interagency Fire Center, mainly to observe potential wildfire conditions. ... Annual mean sea surface temperature for the World Ocean. ... TAMDAR (Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Reporting) is a weather monitoring system that utilizes sensors mounted on ordinary commercial aircraft for data gathering. ... A tide gauge is a device for measuring sea level and detecting tsunamis. ... Weather buoys are instruments which collect weather and ocean data within the worlds oceans. ... A dropsonde is a weather reconnaissance device designed to be dropped from an airplane or similar craft at altitude to measure telemetry as the device falls to the ground. ... Rawinsonde weather balloon just after launch. ...

Sources

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hurricane Hunters - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (831 words)
Hurricane Hunters is the nickname given to the U.S. Air Force Reserves' 53d Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, whose fleet of ten WC-130 Hercules aircraft and crews are part of the 403d Wing, based at Keesler AFB in Biloxi, Mississippi.
Outside of hurricane season, hurricane hunter aircraft are often deployed to northern parts of the United States to track winter storms and nor'easters.
View of the eyewall of Hurricane Katrina taken on Aug 28, 2005, as seen from a NOAA P-3 hurricane hunter aircraft.
Hurricane Ivan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2802 words)
The National Hurricane Center noted the rapid strengthening of Hurricane Ivan on September 5 was unprecedented at such a low latitude in the Atlantic basin.
Hurricane Ivan weakened slightly as it continued to move west due to wind shear present in the area.
Hurricane Ivan is suspected of bringing spores of soybean rust from Venezuela into the United States, the first ever occurrences of soybean rust found in North America.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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