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Encyclopedia > Hurricane Gustav (2002)
Hurricane Gustav
Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Gustav near peak intensity

Hurricane Gustav near peak intensity
Formed September 8, 2002
Dissipated September 12, 2002
Highest
winds
100 mph (150 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Lowest pressure 960 mbar (hPa)
Damage $340,000 (2002 USD)
$390,000 (2006 USD)
(includes indirect wind damage)
Fatalities 1 direct, 3 indirect
Areas
affected
North Carolina, Virginia, New Jersey, New England, Atlantic Canada
Part of the
2002 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Gustav was a Category 2 hurricane that paralleled the East Coast of the United States in September during the 2002 Atlantic hurricane season. Gustav was the seventh named storm and first hurricane of the season. Initially a subtropical depression north of the Bahamas, Gustav passed slightly to the east of the Outer Banks of North Carolina as a tropical storm before moving northeastward and making two landfalls in Atlantic Canada as a Category 1 hurricane. The storm was responsible for one death and $100,000 in damage, mostly in North Carolina. The interaction between Gustav and a non-tropical system produced strong winds that caused an additional $240,000 (2002 USD) in damage in New England, but this damage was not directly attributed to Gustav. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the levels of tropical depression and tropical storm and thereby become hurricanes; the categories it divides hurricanes into are distinguished by the intensities of their respective sustained winds. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... A millibar (mbar, also mb) is 1/1000th of a bar, a unit for measurement of pressure. ... HPA means Physiology Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal axis: The hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands work together to regulate hormone levels and maintain homeostasis. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... It has been suggested that Rest of Virginia be merged into this article or section. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The states marked in red show New England. ... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... The 2002 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2002, and lasted until November 30, 2002. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the levels of tropical depression and tropical storm and thereby become hurricanes; the categories it divides hurricanes into are distinguished by the intensities of their respective sustained winds. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The 2002 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2002, and lasted until November 30, 2002. ... North Carolinas Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... The states marked in red show New England. ...


Gustav spent the early part of its life as a subtropical storm, and was the first such storm to be named from the current lists by the National Hurricane Center. Previously, subtropical storms were not given names.[1] Gustav was also the latest-forming first hurricane of the season since 1941. A subtropical cyclone is a weather system that has some characteristics of a tropical cyclone and some characteristics of an extratropical cyclone. ... The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ...

Contents

Storm history

Storm path
Storm path

An area of disturbed weather in association with a weak surface trough and a stronger upper-level trough between the Bahamas and Bermuda developed on September 6.[2] High pressure ridging strengthened by Tropical Storm Fay caused the trough to become more organized and close off into a broad non-tropical low on September 7.[2] By September 8, the system had developed enough convection near its center of circulation to be classified Subtropical Depression Eight while located southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.[2] Later that day, data from a Hurricane Hunter reconnaissance aircraft indicated that the system had strengthened into a subtropical storm, and the depression was upgraded to Subtropical Storm Gustav.[3] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x633, 441 KB) Summary Hurricane Gustav (2002) track. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x633, 441 KB) Summary Hurricane Gustav (2002) track. ... A trough is an elongated region of relatively low atmospheric pressure, often associated with fronts. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... A high, or a high pressure area, is a region where the atmospheric pressure is greatest with relation to the surrounding area. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... A subtropical cyclone is a weather system that has some characteristics of a tropical cyclone and some characteristics of an extratropical cyclone. ... An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (before its relocation in 1999) Cape Hatteras from space, October 1989 Cape Hatteras is a cape on the coast of North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... The name Hurricane Hunters is the nickname for two groups that fly instrumented aircraft into Atlantic hurricanes for the purpose of data collection. ...


Gustav moved erratically to the west-northwest toward the North Carolina-South Carolina border over the next two days, slowly strengthening and acquiring more tropical characteristics. On September 10, a poorly organized band of stronger winds developed around the center, and Gustav was designated a fully tropical storm[4] shortly before turning toward the north and brushing Cape Hatteras, then accelerating toward the northeast and away from the coast.[2] On September 11, while under the influence of a non-tropical system over New England, Gustav quickly strengthened into a hurricane, in a process similar to the intensification of Hurricane Michael in 2000.[2] Gustav reached its peak intensity of 100 mph (85 knots, 160 km/h) later that day.[2] Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (before its relocation in 1999) Cape Hatteras from space, October 1989 Cape Hatteras is a cape on the coast of North Carolina. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... The states marked in red show New England. ... The 2000 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2000, and lasted until November 30, 2000. ...


The hurricane began to slowly weaken and lose tropical characteristics on early September 12 as it moved over colder waters and encountered increasing wind shear. However, the storm was moving quickly enough to make landfall over Cape Breton, Nova Scotia as a Category 1 hurricane on September 12.[5] Later that morning, Gustav made a second landfall in Newfoundland and became extratropical shortly after.[6] The extratropical low continued moving slowly to the northeast before dissipating over the Labrador Sea on September 15.[2] Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Wind shear is a difference in wind speed or direction between two points in the atmosphere. ... // The term Cape Breton appears in several different things: Geographic locations Cape Breton Island, a Canadian island on the Atlantic Ocean coast Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... Portal:Currentevents September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... A fictitious synoptic chart of an extratropical cyclone affecting the UK & Ireland. ... Labrador Sea is an arm of the North Atlantic Ocean between Labrador and Greenland. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ...


Preparations

Gustav approaching the Outer Banks
Gustav approaching the Outer Banks

On September 8, forecasters at the National Hurricane Center predicted that Gustav would approach the North Carolina coast, and issued a tropical storm watch from Cape Fear to the North Carolina–Virginia border. The tropical storm watch was upgraded to a tropical storm warning on September 9, and a new tropical storm watch was issued later that day for areas of southeastern Virginia, from the North Carolina–Virginia border to New Point Comfort. The new watch was upgraded to a tropical storm warning on September 10. As Gustav began to turn to the northeast and away from the Mid-Atlantic coast, the tropical storm warnings were gradually discontinued. The last warning was discontinued on September 11.[2] September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... See Severe weather terminology for a comprehensive article on this term and related weather terms. ... This article is about the geographical feature on the coast of North Carolina. ... It has been suggested that Rest of Virginia be merged into this article or section. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ...


As Gustav approached Atlantic Canada, Environment Canada and the Canadian Hurricane Centre issued heavy rain and wind warnings for southern New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland.[7] Environment Canada is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and conservation of wildlife. ... The Canadian Hurricane Centre operated by Environment Canada exists to advise Canadians on the threat of hurricanes and tropical storms. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Purple Violet Tree Balsam Fir Bird Black-capped Chickadee Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Pink Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


Impact

North Carolina and Virginia

Rainfall totals from Gustav
Rainfall totals from Gustav

Although the center of Gustav passed just to the east of Cape Hatteras, areas of North Carolina and southeastern Virginia experienced heavy rain and tropical storm force winds. Parts of the Outer Banks received 2–5 inches (50–125 mm) of rain and winds of up to 50 mph (80 km/h), and the Coast Guard station at Cape Hatteras reported a wind gust of 78 mph (125 km/h). The storm produced storm surges of 3–6 feet along the Outer Banks, and 1–3 feet along the southeastern coast of Virginia. These surges, combined with strong winds and high sea swells, resulted in minor flooding, mainly in Ocracoke and Hatteras Village, North Carolina.[8] A weak waterspout also touched down on Silver Lake near Ocracoke and moved onshore, but only minor roof damage was reported.[9] Sporadic power outages were also reported.[10] One person died after suffering injuries in the high surf, and 40 other people had to be rescued from riptides and storm surges.[2] Damage in the region amounted to $100,000 (2002 USD).[2] An aerial view of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (before its relocation in 1999) Cape Hatteras from space, October 1989 Cape Hatteras is a cape on the coast of North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... It has been suggested that Rest of Virginia be merged into this article or section. ... North Carolinas Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense, among other duties of coast guards elsewhere. ... ... North Carolinas Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). ... Ocracoke is a census-designated place and town located at the southern end of Ocracoke Island, in Hyde County, North Carolina. ... Waterspouts on the beach of Kijkduin near The Hague , the Netherlands on 2006 August 27. ...


New Jersey

Although the center of Gustav remained well offshore, the difference in pressure between it and a high pressure area over the central United States caused strong winds in areas of New Jersey on September 11. Wind gusts ranged from 35–45 mph (55–70 km/h), with stronger winds reported near the coast.[11] A maximum wind gust of 60 mph (100 km/h) was reported at Keansburg.[11] The strong winds downed trees and power lines throughout the eastern half of the state, damaging homes and blocking streets. At least 14,000 homes in the vicinity of Burlington and Ocean Counties were left without power.[11] In West Windsor Township, a man was killed when the upper section of a concrete wall he was working on blew over and crushed him. The other death occurred in West Amwell Township, a fallen tree limb fell on two elderly women, killing one and injuring the other. Elsewhere, while there were reports of trees falling on vehicles, no other serious injuries or deaths were reported.[11] A high, or a high pressure area, is a region where the atmospheric pressure is greatest with relation to the surrounding area. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... Keansburg is a borough located in Monmouth County, New Jersey. ... Location in the state of New Jersey Formed 1694 Seat Mount Holly Area  - Total  - Water 2,122 km² (819 mi²) 38 km² (15 mi²) 1. ... Ocean County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. ...


New York and New England

The interaction between Gustav and the non-tropical system caused strong winds that affected areas of coastal New England, mainly in eastern New York and Massachusetts. Some areas reported storm-force wind gusts of over 55 mph (90 km/h), and a maximum wind gust of 67 mph (108 km/h) was reported by a weather spotter in Catskill, New York.[12] Wind gusts of up to 50 mph (80 km/h) were reported in areas of Massachusetts.[13] The winds downed trees and power lines, and several homes and cars were damaged by fallen trees. Over 29,000 homes were left without power in eastern New York,[12] and 19,000 homes lost power in Massachusetts.[13] In all, the winds caused $240,000 (2002 USD) in damage,[13] but this damage was not directly attributed to Gustav in the National Hurricane Center's analysis.[2] The states marked in red show New England. ... Official language(s) None Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The Beaufort scale is an empirical measure for describing wind intensity based mainly on observed sea conditions. ... Catskill can refer to either: The Catskill Mountains in New York State The Village of Catskill, New York The Town of Catskill, New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In the New York City area, a peak wind gust of 60 mph (100 km/h) was reported at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The winds caused some minor roof damage to buildings, and forced officials in New York City to cordon off parts of Manhattan as debris ranging from wrapping paper to crushed soda cans was blown about. This debris injured four people, one critically,[14] and disrupted a 9/11 memorial service, though it continued as planned.[15] Nickname: Big Apple, City that never Sleeps, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK) is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in south-eastern New York City on the edge of Jamaica Bay. ... Nickname: Big Apple, City that never Sleeps, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


Sustained winds of 25–35 mph (40–55 km/h), with gusts up to 55 mph (90 km/h), were reported throughout Long Island.[14] Damage on the island was mainly limited to downed trees and power lines, although the Long Island Power Authority reported that at least 93,000 homes lost power during the day on September 11. One person was killed when his boat capsized in the Long Island Sound.[14] Mercator projection of Long Island Long Island is an island in New York, USA. It has an area of 1,377 square miles (3567 km²) and a population of 7. ... Long Island Power Authority, a municipal subdivision of the State of New York, was created under the Long Island Power Act of 1985 to acquire the Long Island Lighting Company (LILCO)s assets and securities. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... New York City waterways: 1. ...


Atlantic Canada

Gustav before its first landfall in Nova Scotia
Gustav before its first landfall in Nova Scotia

Despite gradually losing its tropical characteristics, Gustav brought heavy rain, storm and hurricane force winds, and storm surges to areas of Atlantic Canada for several days. Strong winds knocked down trees and damaged docks in Nova Scotia,[2] and a wind gust of 75 mph (122 km/h) was reported on Sable Island. Gusts to over 60 mph (100 km/h) were reported in Newfoundland for several days after the center of Gustav moved out of the area. Rainfall amounts generally ranged from 0.3–2.7 inches (10–70 mm), with a maximum of 4 inches (102 mm) in Ashdale, Nova Scotia. Several locations set new daily rainfall records.[5] Localized flooding was reported in areas of Prince Edward Island, and 4,000 people in Halifax, Nova Scotia and Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island were left without power. Despite the heavy rain and wind, there were no reports of deaths or significant damage in Atlantic Canada.[16] Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Mayflower Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total... Sable Island is situated 180 km southeast of Nova Scotia, Canada in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Pink Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: (former city) 79. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = CUNABULA FOEDERIS (Birthplace of Confederation) Location City Information Established: 1764 Area: 44. ...


Naming and records

Gustav was the first subtropical storm to be given a name from the current name lists by the National Hurricane Center. Prior to the 2002 season, Atlantic subtropical storms were either not named or given a name from a separate name list.[1] Due to their long-term persistence, and the need for a unique identifier in issuing forecasts and warnings, tropical cyclones are given names. ... The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ...


When Gustav attained hurricane status on September 11, it became the latest first hurricane to form in any season since 1941, when the first hurricane developed on September 16. According to climatology, an average of three hurricanes form by September 11 of each year.[5] September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... The 1941 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... Climatology is the study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time, and is a branch of the atmospheric sciences. ...


The name Gustav was not retired after the 2002 season, due to the minimal damage the storm caused. It is scheduled to be used again in the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season. The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season will be an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ...


See also

Tropical cyclones Portal

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x662, 320 KB) http://eol. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... A subtropical cyclone is a weather system that has some characteristics of a tropical cyclone and some characteristics of an extratropical cyclone. ... The 2002 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2002, and lasted until November 30, 2002. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Chris Landsea. NOAA Hurricane FAQ: What is a subtropical cyclone?. NOAA Atlantic Oceanic and Meteorological Laboratory. Retrieved on September 26, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Jack Beven (2003-01-14). Hurricane Gustav Tropical Cyclone Report. National Hurricane Center. Retrieved on September 26, 2006.
  3. ^ National Hurricane Center (2002-09-08). Discussion #2 for Subtropical Storm Gustav, 5 p.m. EDT, Sept. 08 2002. NOAA. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.
  4. ^ National Hurricane Center (2002-09-10). Discussion #9 for Tropical Storm Gustav, 11 a.m. EDT, Sept. 10 2002. NOAA. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.
  5. ^ a b c Hurricane Gustav Storm Summary. Canadian Hurricane Centre (2002-10-07). Retrieved on September 26, 2006.
  6. ^ National Hurricane Center (2002-09-12). Discussion #16 for Hurricane Gustav, 5 a.m. EDT, Sept. 12 2002. NOAA. Retrieved on 2006-10-22.
  7. ^ Miles Lawrence (2002-09-11). Hurricane Gustav Public Advisory #12. National Hurricane Center. Retrieved on September 27, 2006.
  8. ^ NCDC Event Details, Event #475830. National Climatic Data Center (2002-09-10). Retrieved on October 1, 2006.
  9. ^ NCDC Event Details, Event #475831. National Climatic Data Center (2002-09-10). Retrieved on October 1, 2006.
  10. ^ "Hurricane Gustav heads toward Nova Scotia", CNN, 2002-09-12. Retrieved on September 26.
  11. ^ a b c d NCDC Event Report, Event #474063. National Climatic Data Center (2002-09-11). Retrieved on October 1, 2006.
  12. ^ a b NCDC Event Details, Event #475001. National Climatic Data Center (2002-09-11). Retrieved on October 1, 2006.
  13. ^ a b c NCDC Event Details, Event #467548. National Climatic Data Center (2002-09-11). Retrieved on October 1, 2006.
  14. ^ a b c NCDC Event Details, Event #474999. National Climatic Data Center (2002-09-11). Retrieved on October 1, 2006.
  15. ^ Keith Olbermann (2002-09-12). An ill wind. Salon.com. Retrieved on September 26, 2006.
  16. ^ "Newfoundland hit with heavy rain, Gustav leaves land", CTV, 2002-09-12. Retrieved on September 26.
Tropical cyclones of the 2002 Atlantic hurricane season
G
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5

 
 

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