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Encyclopedia > Hurricane Audrey
Hurricane Audrey

Radar image of Hurricane Audrey prior to landfall
Duration June 25 - 29, 1957
Highest winds 145 mph (230 km/h) sustained
Damages $1 billion (2005 dollars)
Fatalities 390 - 550 direct
Areas affected Eastern Texas, Louisiana, parts of the South Central United States
Part of the 1957 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Audrey was a powerful hurricane that devastated coastal Louisiana in the USA during the 1957 Atlantic hurricane season. Image File history File links Audrey_before_landfall. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco (D) Senators Mary Landrieu (D) David Vitter (R) Official language(s) None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population... Red states show the core of the South Central, states shown as pink may or may not be included in the South Central, and thus their inclusion or exclusion varies from source to source. ... The 1957 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco (D) Senators Mary Landrieu (D) David Vitter (R) Official language(s) None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population... The 1957 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ...

Contents


Storm history

Storm path
Storm path

A tropical wave that entered the Bay of Campeche on June 24th organized into a tropical storm on the 25th. Conditions were ideal for Audrey's development; very warm water temperatures that were 2º to 3º above average, and a strong anticyclone over the storm. Initially small and poorly organized, Audrey grew in size and intensity, reaching hurricane strength later on the 5th. In the first days of its life, moved slowly northward across the Gulf of Mexico, but as it increased its forward speed, its wind speed increased greatly, reaching a peak of 145 mph winds before making landfall near Sabine Pass, Texas on June 27 as a Category 4 hurricane. Audrey became extratropical the next day, and continued northeast as a powerful extratropical storm. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x633, 753 KB) Summary Hurricane Audrey (1957) track. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x633, 753 KB) Summary Hurricane Audrey (1957) track. ... Categories: Stub | Seas | Geography of Mexico ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... Sabine Pass is a city located in Jefferson County, Texas, 15 miles south of Port Arthur, Texas, on the west bank of Sabine Pass. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying hurricanes by the intensity of their sustained winds, developed in 1969 by civil engineer Herbert Saffir and National Hurricane Center director Bob Simpson. ... Extratropical is a term used in advisories and tropical summaries to indicate that a cyclone has lost its tropical characteristics. ...


Impact

Audrey's 12-foot (3.7 m) storm surge devastated Cameron, Louisiana, causing $150 million in damage. Officially, Audrey was responsible for 390 deaths, although unofficial sources claim the number is over 500. Audrey is ranked as the sixth deadliest hurricane to hit the United States mainland since accurate record-keeping began in 1900. No storm to hit the US since had caused as many fatalities until Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Graphic illustrating storm surge. ... Cameron is a census-designated place located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. ... Hurricane Katrina was the eleventh named tropical storm, fourth hurricane, third major hurricane, and first Category 5 hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Radar image of Hurricane Audrey as seen from Lake Charles, Louisiana
Radar image of Hurricane Audrey as seen from Lake Charles, Louisiana

Hurricane Audrey was one of the first hurricanes to be observed by weather radar. However, due to Audrey's rapid motion and the limited communications infrastructure in Cameron Parish, this additional data was not effective in preventing loss of life. Early weather radar image of Hurricane Audrey. ... Early weather radar image of Hurricane Audrey. ... Downtown Lake Charles from a beach on the opposite side of Lake Charles (the lake) . A casino riverboat, Harrahs Pride of Lake Charles, appears to the left. ... Doppler radar uses the Doppler effect to return additional information from a radar system. ... Cameron Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...


Some blamed inadequate warnings issued by the Weather Bureau (now the National Weather Service) for the large number of fatalities. In Bartie v. U.S., Cameron resident Whitney Bartie sued the Weather Bureau for negligence, blaming the deaths of his wife and five children on insufficient warnings from the Bureau. The court ruled for the Bureau, citing expert testimony that the warnings issued "were as accurate as could be expected at that time", as well as numerous legalities. The ruling was upheld on appeal, and numerous other similar cases were withdrawn. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


The name Audrey was retired and will never be used for a hurricane again; this was before the formal lists were created, so it was not replaced with any particular name.


Records

Audrey remains the earliest storm of any Atlantic hurricane season to reach Category 4 intensity in the recorded history of the basin. Audrey attained Category 4 strength on June 27. At the time, Audrey was the strongest storm to form prior to August. It held this record for nearly fifty years before both Hurricane Dennis and Hurricane Emily broke it in 2005. It remains the strongest storm ever to form in June. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying hurricanes by the intensity of their sustained winds, developed in 1969 by civil engineer Herbert Saffir and National Hurricane Center director Bob Simpson. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... Hurricane Dennis was the fourth named storm, first hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. ... Hurricane Emily was the fifth named storm, second hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with a length of 30 days The month is named after the Roman goddess Juno (mythology), wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera. ...


See also


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