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Encyclopedia > Hurdling

Hurdling In track and field athletics there are sprint hurdle races and long hurdle races. The standard sprint hurdle race is 110 metres for men and 100 metres for women. The standard long hurdle race is 400 metres for both men and women. Each of these races is run over ten hurdles and they are all Olympic events. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... The 110m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by men. ... A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... Womens 400m Hurdles The 400m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field (athletics) discipline. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ...


Other distances are sometimes run, particularly indoors. The sprint hurdle race indoors is usually 60 metres for both men and women, although races 55 meters or 50 metres long are sometimes run. A 60 metre indoor race is run over 5 hurdles. A shorter race may have only 4 hurdles. The long hurdle race is sometimes shortened to 300 metres or 200 metres, usually for indoor or high school races.



There are two basic hurdle heights: high hurdles and intermediate hurdles. The sprint hurdle races (60 m, 100 m and 110 m) use high hurdles, which are 42 inches (1.07 m) high (39 inches, or 0.99 m, in U.S. high school competition) for men and 33 inches (.84 m) high for women. Long hurdle races (400 m) use intermediate hurdles, which are 36 inches (.914 m) high for men and 30 inches (.762 m) high for women. Slightly lower heights (generally 3 inches lower) are sometimes used in youth or high school events.

Contents

High School Events

High Schools generally have 3 hurdle races. The 110 meter high hurdles (boys), the 100 meter high hurdles (girls), and the 300 or 400 meter intermediate hurdles (boys and girls). The 110 meter high hurdles have a height of 39 inches, the 100 meter high hurdles have a height of 33, and the 300 or 400 meter intermediate hurdles have a height of 36 inches for boys and 30 inches for girls. Womens 400 m Hurdles The 400 m Hurdles are an Olympic athletics (track and field) discipline. ...


Set up

In sprint hurdle races for men, regardless of the length of the race, the first hurdle is 15 yards (13.72 m) from the starting line and the distance between hurdles is 10 yards (9.14 m). In sprint hurdle races for women, the first hurdle is 14.225 yards (13 m) from the starting line and the distance between hurdles is 9.13 yards (8.5 m). In long hurdle events, whether for men or women, the first hurdle is 49.21 yards (45 metres) from the starting line and the distance between hurdles is 38.28 yards (35 m). Any race which is shorter than the standard distance is simply run over fewer hurdles; hurdle placement is the same as in the standard race.


Technique

There is a certain technique that is desirable to accomplish for a hurdler. Other racers may depend solely on their speed; however, if you have the "perfect form" you will do far better than someone that simply jumps over the hurdle. When approaching the hurdle, you want to stride out your steps so that you do not "stutter step" (a term used to refer to the cutting of your stride length before reaching a hurdle). You then attack the hurdle by pushing away from the ground with the back leg and leading with the knee. The goal is to minimise the deviation from normal running technique.


In mens hurdles it is usually neccessary to straighten the leg at the top of the flight path over the hurdle. As soon as the foot has cleared the hurdle, the knee starts bending again to lessen the effect of a long, slow pendulum. In womens hurdles, the lead leg stays bent and the c.o.g. (what the heck is c.o.g.?)does not change path from a normal running stride. Another way to view it is the foot path: "shortest path up and shortest path down". The opposite arm reaches farther forward and the elbow travels out sideways to make room for the trailing leg. The trailing leg also leads with the knee, but the foot and knee is horisontal, tucked up as tight as possible.


As soon as the lead leg touches down, a strong downward push is exerted to enable the trailing leg's knee to come up under the armpit and in front of the chest. This enables recovery of some of the energy expanded in the flight.


Your lead leg depends on your personal preference. Some people do not know their lead leg so the best way to determine this is to have somebody push you from behind and see what leg you step forward with. This is your lead leg. It is very important that you learn to switch lead legs so that you are able to go over the hurdle with both legs. It allows you more flexibility in a race.


Steps

In the high hurdle events, it is very important that you "know your steps." Some people 5 step, others 4 step, and still others 3 step. This refers to how many steps you take in between hurdles. Note that this does not count the step when you land after coming off of a hurdle. When you 4 step, you must switch legs but when you 3 or 5 step, you keep the same lead and trail legs.


Hitting hurdles

A modern hurdle will fall over if a runner hits it. There is no penalty for hitting a hurdle (provided this is not judged deliberate), although it usually slows a hurdler down. However, pushing the hurdle with one's hands or running out of one's lane as a result of hitting the hurdle is cause for disqualification. While hitting hurdles is not generally considered desirable, there have been a few sprint hurdlers who have been successful despite knocking over many hurdles.


Steeplechase

Another demanding event in which runners must negotiate obstacles is the steeplechase, which is not considered a hurdle race. Steeplechase barriers are the same height as intermediate hurdles but steeplechase barriers are solid and will not fall over if hit. Runners often step on barriers as they go over them. Another difference is that the steeplechase is a distance race rather than a sprint. The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ...


Shuttle hurdle

There are also shuttle hurdle relay races, although they are rarely run. They are usually only found at track meets that consist entirely of relay races. In a shuttle hurdle relay, each of four hurdlers on a team runs the opposite direction from the preceding runner. The standard races correspond to the standard sprint hurdle races: 4 × 110 m for men and 4 × 100 m for women. During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ...

Athletics events

Sprints: 60 m | 100 m | 200 m | 400 m Sprints are short running races in athletics. ... 60 metres is a sprint event in athletics. ... For other uses of 100 metres, see 1 E2 m. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 400 m is a common track running event. ...


Hurdles: 60 m hurdles | 100 m hurdles | 110 m hurdles | 400 m hurdles A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... The 110m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by men. ... Womens 400m Hurdles The 400m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field (athletics) discipline. ...


Middle distance: 800 m | 1500 m | 3000 m | steeplechase Middle distance track events are track races longer than sprints up to (and arguably including) 5000 meters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1,500 metres is a premier middle distance track event. ... A track event where you run 7 and 1/2 times around a 400m track. ... The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ...


Long distance: 5,000 m | 10,000 m | half marathon | marathon | ultramarathon | multiday races | Cross country running Long-distance track event races require runners to balance their energy. ... 5000 meters, a popular running distance also known as a 5 km, colloquially five-K (equal to 3. ... ... In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... An ultramarathon is any running event longer than the traditional marathon length of 42. ... Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days. ... The Minnesota State High school Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ...


Relays: 4 × 100 m | 4 × 400 m;       Racewalking During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ... The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mens 20 km walk during the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland. ...


Throws: Discus | Hammer | Javelin | Shot put Statue of discus thrower in Botanic Garden, Copenhagen, Denmark The Discus throw is an athletic throwing event in track and field competition. ... The modern or Olympic hammer throw is an athletic throwing event where the object to be thrown is a heavy steel ball attached with wire (maximum 4 ft (1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shot put The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible. ...


Jumps: High jump | Long jump | Pole vault | Triple jump Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ... Pole vaulting is an athletic event where a person uses a long, flexible pole (usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to leap over a bar. ... The triple jump is an athletics (track and field) event, previously also known as hop, step and jump, whose various names describe the actions a competitor takes. ...


Combination: Pentathlon | Heptathlon | Decathlon The womens pentathlon was contested in the Olympics from 1964 until 1980, and it was replaced in the 1984 games with the heptathlon. ... A heptathlon is a sportive contest made up of seven events (from the Greek hepta (seven) and athlon (contest)). More specifically, the term heptathlon refers to an athletic (track and field) event consisting of seven events. ... // The Decathlon Day 1: 100 m long jump shot put High Jump 400 m Day 2: 110m hurdles discus throw pole vault javelin throw 1500 m Decathlon sprouted from the ancient game pentathlon. ...


Highly uncommon: Standing high jump | Standing long jump | Standing triple jump The Standing high jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing long jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing triple jump is an athletic sport. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hurdling (58 words)
In it, runners jump over several 'hurdles' which are wood obstacles that are about 1 meter high.
Generally, the hurdles are designed to safely fall over if the runner misses them.
Hurdling events usually come in 50, 100, 110 or 400 meter distances.
Hurdling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (800 words)
The standard sprint hurdle race is 110 metres for men and 100 metres for women.
The sprint hurdle races (60 m, 100 m and 110 m) use high hurdles, which are 42 inches (1.07 m) high (39 inches, or 0.99 m, in U.S. high school competition) for men and 33 inches (.84 m) high for women.
In sprint hurdle races for men, regardless of the length of the race, the first hurdle is 15 yards (13.72 m) from the starting line and the distance between hurdles is 10 yards (9.14 m).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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