FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Hundred (subdivision)

A hundred is an administrative division which historically was used to divide a larger region into smaller geographical units. The name is derived from the number hundred. It was a traditional Germanic system described as early as AD 98 by Tacitus (the centeni).

Contents

England

In England a hundred was the division of a shire for administrative, military and judicial purposes under the common law. Originally, when introduced by the Saxons between 613 and 1017, a hundred was supposed to contain approximately one hundred households headed by a hundred-man or hundred eolder. He was responsible for administration, justice, and supplying military troops, as well as leading its forces. The office was not hereditary, but by the 10th century the office was selected from among a few outstanding families.


Hundreds were further divided into tithings, which contained ten households. Below that, the basic unit of land was called the hide, which was enough land to support one family and varied in size from 40 acres (160,000 m²) to 4 square miles (10 km²) depending on the quality and fertility of the land. Compare with township. Above the hundred was the shire under the control of a shire-reeve (or sheriff). Hundreds remained in existence into the late 19th century.


The number of hundreds in each county varied wildly. Leicestershire had six, whereas Devon, nearly three times larger, had thirty-five. Several ancient hundred names give their name to modern local government districts.


Scandinavia

In the Scandinavian countries hundreds were used in Sweden (with Finland), Norway and Denmark. In Danish and Norwegian the division was called herred and in Swedish the names härad and hundare was used.


In Sweden Götaland had the division härad while Svealand had hundare, but eventually that division was superceded by introducing the härad in Svealand. Hundreds were not organized in Norrland, i.e. the northern sparsely populated part of Sweden.


The name refer to the number hundred and is example of a common form of division used among Germanic peoples. In Sveland it may once have referred to a hundred men under arms, that were raised and supported by the inhabitants of the hundred.


United States of America

The hundred was also used as a division of the county in some of the English colonies in North America. Carroll County, Maryland, was composed in 1836 by taking the following hundreds from Baltimore County: North Hundred, Pipe Creek Hundred, Delaware Upper Hundred, Delaware Lower Hundred and from Frederick County: Pipe Creek Hundred, Westminster Hundred, Unity Hundred, Burnt House Hundred, Piney Creek Hundred, and Taneytown Hundred.


See also

References

  • This article is partially based on content from the public domain "Owl Edition" of Nordisk familjebok.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Clement V (3016 words)
Its members, acting in the name and with the authority of the pope, were opposed to the use of torture, hence before them hundreds of knights maintained freely the innocence of the order, while many of those who had formerly yielded to the diocesan inquisitors now retracted their avowals as contrary to truth.
The majority of its three hundred members were opposed to the abolition of the order, believing the alleged crimes unproven, but the king was urgent, appeared in person at the council, and finally obtained from Clement V the practical execution of his will.
As the pope died (20 April) before this collection had been generally published, its authenticity was doubted by some, wherefore John XXII promulgated it anew, 25 October, 1317, and sent it to the University of Bologna as a genuine collection of papal decretals to be used in the courts and the schools.
AllRefer.com - Domesday Book (British And Irish History) - Encyclopedia (325 words)
The survey ascertained the economic resources of most of the country for purposes of more accurate taxation.
Royal agents took the evidence of local men in each hundred (county subdivision), the latter acting as inquest jurors.
Descriptions of each piece of land, its present and former holders, the holding itself, and the population on it were among the facts recorded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m