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Encyclopedia > Hummer
Hummer
Type Division of GM
Founded 1995
Headquarters Detroit, Michigan, United States
Industry Automobile
Products (H1) pickup truck, SUV (H2, H3), Sport utility vehicles
Parent General Motors
Slogan Like nothing else.
Website www.hummer.com

Hummer is a brand of off-road vehicles sold by General Motors, also known as GM. The H1 version is based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, or Humvee). The H2 and the H3, were introduced as smaller civilian market versions. Image File history File links Hummer_wordmark. ... A division of a business entity is a portion of that business that operates under a different name. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Car redirects here. ... The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ... The best selling North American pickup truck, the Ford F-Series. ... The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is a multinational corporation headquartered in the United States and has been the worlds most dominant automaker since 1931. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of vehicle which is capable of driving off any paved or gravel surface. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is a multinational corporation headquartered in the United States and has been the worlds most dominant automaker since 1931. ... This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors The M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Humvee) is a military 4WD motor vehicle created by AM General. ... The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ...


In most countries, some Hummers are considered to be trucks, rather than regular SUVs, as they do not meet environmental protection standards. For example, in New Zealand and Australia, a truck licence is needed in order to operate some of the heavier models[citation needed]. This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ...

Contents

History

Hummer radiator grille
Hummer radiator grille

Hummers were originally built by AM General Corporation, which was formerly AMC Jeep's General Products division[1], in its South Bend, Indiana assembly plant. AM General had planned to sell a civilian version of the Hum-Vee as far back as the late 1980s. In 1990, two matching white Hum-Vees were driven from London to Beijing over the rough roads of central Soviet Union. The Hummers made the trip with ease, for they were built to drive on off-road terrain. The highlights of this journey were broadcast in the United States on ESPN. This publicity would pale in comparison to the attention that the HMMWV received for its service in Operation: Desert Storm the following year. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2000x1423, 846 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2000x1423, 846 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... BMWs distinctive kidney-shaped grille on an E34 M5 Audis single frame grille, here on a second generation TT Grille is also the name of a German self-propelled artillery vehicle. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed on January 14, 1954 by the merger of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and the Hudson Motor Car Company. ... For other uses, see Jeep (disambiguation). ... Mishawaka (IPA: ) is a city on the St. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Peking redirects here. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... ...


In 1992, AM General began selling a civilian version of the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Hum-Vee) vehicle to the public under the brand name "Hummer". According to sources[citation needed], they began doing so after Arnold Schwarzenegger asked them to; apparently, he was impressed by a convoy of HMMWVs that drove by during his filming Kindergarten Cop in 1990. This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors The M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Humvee) is a military 4WD motor vehicle created by AM General. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation IPA: ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-born American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Kindergarten Cop (1990) is a comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ...


In 1998, AM General sold the brand name to General Motors but continued to manufacture the vehicles. GM is responsible for the marketing and distribution of all Hummers produced by AM General. In the next few years, GM introduced two new homegrown models, the H2 and H3, and renamed the original vehicle H1. AM General continues to build the H1 and is contracted by GM to produce the H2. The H3 is built in Shreveport, LA alongside the Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon pickups. The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ...

2006 Hummer lineup: H3, H1, and H2 (L-R)
2006 Hummer lineup: H3, H1, and H2 (L-R)

As of 2006, Hummer has gone international with selected importers and distributors in Europe and other markets. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1799x594, 140 KB) Summary 2006 Hummer lineup (L-R) H3, H1, and H2 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hummer ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1799x594, 140 KB) Summary 2006 Hummer lineup (L-R) H3, H1, and H2 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Hummer ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ... The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ... The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Since October 10, 2006, GM has been producing the Hummer H3 at its Port Elizabeth plant in South Africa for international markets.[2] Hummers at the Port Elizabeth plant are built both for local South African consumption and exported to Australia in the 2008 model year. In Europe, the Middle East, and Japan, the H3 is also already available. As of October 2006, Hummer vehicles are marketed by about 300 dealers in 34 countries. 173 of those are in the U.S. is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ...


The H2 is also assembled in Kaliningrad, Russia, by Avtotor, starting in June 2004. The plant produces a few hundred vehicles annually, and its output is limited to local consumption (five dealers in Russia initially). Kaliningrad (Russian: ; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German  , Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Kyonigsberg), is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ...


On May 12, 2006, GM announced it would cease production of the original H1 Hummer.[3] is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ...


GM CEO Rick Wagoner has said the Hummer brand of trucks will run on Biofuel Powertrains in Last Year's Los Angeles International Auto Show. Schwarzenegger has subsequently had one of his Hummers converted to run on biofuel and now promotes this approach. George Richard Rick Wagoner, Jr. ... The Greater Los Angeles Auto Show is an annual auto show that takes place at the Los Angeles Convention Center in Los Angeles, California. ...


Hummer H1 compared with HMMWV

The Hummer H1 is basically a HMMWV built for civilian use; it has no armor or weapons fittings. However the powertrain, chassis, body, suspension, etc., are the same. The H1 differs from the HMMWV in having a civilian interior, including trim, comfortable seats, stereo radio, and air conditioning as standard options. As a result of its commercial use, features introduced in the civilian Hummer have been incorporated into improved military versions. The H1's electrical system is 12-volt, with the two batteries wired in parallel. The HMMWV runs on a 24-volt system, where the two batteries are run in series. This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors General Characteristics (Humvee) Manufacturer: AM General Length: 4. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A trim package is a set of cosmetic (mostly non-functional) embellishments to a vehicle. ... Label for 2. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt. ... Lead-acid car battery A car battery is a type of rechargeable battery that supplies electric energy to an automobile[1]. Usually this refers to a SLI battery (Starting - Lighting - Ignition) to power the starter motor, the lights and the ignition system of a vehicle’s engine. ... Electrical circuit components can be connected together in one of two ways: series or parallel. ...


Owner efforts

Since all Hummer vehicles have heavy-duty capabilities, they have been employed by owners for aid in large disaster situations. Hummer Owners Prepared for Emergencies (HOPE) was created by the efforts of The Hummer Club, INC. and the American Red Cross. Together, the two organizations train Hummer owners with CPR and First Aid skills, and basic off-highway skills so that they may assist victims during a disaster situation.[4] For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ...


Racing

Team HUMMER stock-class H3 driven by Rod Hall. Hall finished first in class with the H3 in the 2005 Baja 1000.
Team HUMMER stock-class H3 driven by Rod Hall. Hall finished first in class with the H3 in the 2005 Baja 1000.

Team Hummer Racing was created in 1993 and showcases the Hummer's abilities. Led by off-road racing legend Rod Hall, Team HUMMER competes in the Stock classes of both BitD and SCORE, which feature production-based vehicles with stock frames, stock suspension designs and production-based engines. Only specialized racing shock absorbers, tires and other minor modifications are allowed, along with the required supporting components and mandatory safety equipment. Minor modifications are allowed to the powertrain, although the rules stipulate it must be based on the stock engine and transmission combination. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 497 pixel Image in higher resolution (1023 × 635 pixel, file size: 493 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 497 pixel Image in higher resolution (1023 × 635 pixel, file size: 493 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Rider at Mile 328 of the Baja 1000 Four-wheel vehicle known as a Truggy Baja 1000 is an off-road race that takes place on Mexicos Baja California Peninsula in the fall. ... Rod Hall is the only racer to have raced every Baja 1000 in a four-wheeled vehicle. ...


The team's latest victories came in February 2007, with the H2 and H1 Alpha earning class wins at the Parker 425.


Team HUMMER has tallied one of the most impressive records in production-class racing, earning 11 class wins at the Baja 1000.


Licensing

GM has been very active and effective in licensing the Hummer. Various companies have licensed the Hummer trademarks for use on colognes, flashlights, bicycles[5], shoes, coats, hats, skateboards, laptops[6], clothing, jewellery, CD players and other items.[7] Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Original Eau de Cologne Bottle of Eau de Cologne Trojnoj Eau de Cologne (French for water of Cologne, Kölnisch Wasser in German) is a type of light perfume that originated in Cologne, Germany and is defined by its typical concentration of about 2...


Starting in the early Nineties, when AM General started selling to the civilian market, Hummers began making appearances in the Film and Television industry. Some earlier and noticeable appearances include Jurassic Park, which featured several different SUV style vehicles, seaQuest DSV which used the Hummer H1 in in place of HUMVEEs, and Earth 2 which featured a large, "solar-powered" Hummer Concept truck as their main mode of conveyance. More recently noticeable appearances include CSI:Miami, being driven by the chief of the crime lab Lt. Horatio Caine (played by David Caruso) and in the 2007 Transformers movie the Autobot known as Ratchet transforms into a search and rescue Hummer H2. Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... This section has been identified as trivia. ... The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ... This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors The M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Humvee) is a military 4WD motor vehicle created by AM General. ... Earth 2 is a short-lived science fiction television series which aired on NBC from November 6, 1994 to June 4, 1995. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... Lt. ... David Stephen Caruso (born January 7, 1956) is an American film and television actor. ... For the 1986 animated film, see The Transformers: The Movie. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ratchet is the name of several characters in the Transformers universes. ... The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ...


Criticisms

Criticism of Hummers includes all the criticism of SUVs in general, although at a higher degree. See Criticism of sport utility vehicles. This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Criticism of sport utility vehicles is the expression of disapproval of sports utility vehicles (SUVs) made by various groups, organisations, and individuals. ...


Specific extra criticisms of Hummers include:

Poor fuel economy
Along with other heavy passenger vehicles, Hummers have relatively poor fuel economy. For instance, the H2 in one engine configuration averages about 15 mpg (US) (16 L/100 km) on highways, (10 mpg or 24 L/100 km on the street), has a curb weight of over 6000 pounds (2722 kg), and has relatively high maintenance costs.
Safety
Crash data for Hummers is less complete than for other SUVs. Because of its weight, it takes longer and further to stop in emergency braking situations. There is a lack of standard safety features, including child safety locks, child seat tethers, side air bags and stability control. Large blind spots make parking difficult and dangerous.[8]
Size
Some Hummers are significantly bigger than other SUVs; this can cause problems parking, driving and fitting in a garage.[9]
Cost to run
High maintenance costs.
Safety and ecology
Safety and ecological perceptions from other road users has attracted a lot of criticism.[10][11] Eco-terrorists have specifically targetted Hummers.[12][13][14]

Miles per gallon (MPG, or mpg) is a measure of fuel efficiency - the number of miles the car can run on one gallon of fuel. ... For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... Eco-terrorism or ecoterrorism is the concept of terrorism conducted for the sake of ecological or environmental causes. ...

Models

Custom HUMMER H6 at the Dubai Motor Show.

There are three current and possibly two future models in the HUMMER line: The Middle East International Motor Show (also called the Dubai Motor Show) is an annual auto show held at the Emirate of Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. ...

Production models
Concept vehicles
  • HUMMER HX

The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ... The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ... The H2 SUV/SUT/Hydrogen is the second vehicle sold under the Hummer marque of General Motors. ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ... The Hummer H3T was a concept vehicle from Hummer - mainly used as a media diversion from the Hummer H3 which was to be released in mid 2005. ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ... The Hummer H3 SUV/Tri/x is a vehicle from General Motors Hummer division, introduced in 2006. ... The Hummer H4 or HX[1] is a proposed SUV reportedly in development by the General Motors Hummer division. ...

See also

For other uses, see Jeep (disambiguation). ... This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors The M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV or Humvee) is a military 4WD motor vehicle created by AM General. ... The Lamborghini Cheetah was Lamborghinis first attempt at an offroad vehicle that wasnt a tractor. ... The Lamborghini LM002 is an SUV that was built by the Lamborghini automobile company between 1986 and 1993. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Internationals Extreme Truck or XT line is made up of three variants, built on the same chassis. ... Unimog (IPA: or IPA: ) designates a range of multi purpose four wheel drive medium trucks produced by Mercedes-Benz, a division of Daimler AG. The name Unimog is pronounced IPA: in German and is a portmanteau from the German UNIversal-MOtor-Gerät, Gerät being the German word for...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.humvee.net/misc/history.html
  2. ^ GM Media Online
  3. ^ Page expired - MSN Money
  4. ^ HUMMER Owners Become Unique Disaster Volunteers
  5. ^ Hummer Bikes
  6. ^ HUMMER® Laptops. This product has been decomissioned
  7. ^ Hummerstuff.com
  8. ^ http://4wheeldrive.about.com/od/highlightshummer/a/hummerhistory_4.htm
  9. ^ http://4wheeldrive.about.com/od/highlightshummer/a/hummerhistory_3.htm
  10. ^ Drive.com.au review, with statements such as 'The mere mention of its name gets many people incandescent with rage']
  11. ^ http://www.motorists.org/carfamily/home/h2-hummer-do-you-need-attention-this-badly/
  12. ^ http://www.bant-shirts.com/eco-terrorist-t-shirt.htm
  13. ^ http://www.outsidethebeltway.com/archives/2007/07/eco-terrorists_vandalize_hummer/
  14. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/17/AR2007071701808.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hummer Blog (435 words)
The Hummer H2 SUV is the kind of vehicle that demands attention.
Hummer H3 dominates Baja 1000 Motoring, South Africa - 1 hour ago Two H3 Hummers were the first stock class vehicles to finish the 2007 Baja 1000 desert race, run over 2074km from Ensenada in Baja California to Cabo San...
Hummer H3 Alpha And H3 First Stock Class Vehicles To Finish Baja PaddockTalk - 1 hour ago The 2007 Baja 1000 was also the inaugural race for the #866 2008 H2 SUT in the full stock class.
ROCKCRAWLER.com - Hummer H3T Concept Revealed (1358 words)
No matter the size or configuration, a vehicle adorned with the HUMMER name must deliver the best-in-class capabilities that have made the brand the standard against which other off-road vehicles are measured.
HUMMER introduced the ruggedly refined H3T concept vehicle at the 2004 Greater Los Angeles Auto Show, providing a glimpse at a growing family of expressive, versatile vehicles.
There wouldn't be a HUMMER badge on the H3T if it didn't have the capability to dive into twisty terrain that would leave lesser 4x4s spinning their wheels.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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