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Encyclopedia > Humboldt University of Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Seal of the Humboldt University of Berlin
Latin: Alma Universitas Humboldtiana Berolinensis (older: Universitas Friderica Gulielma Berolinensis
Motto --
Established 1810
Type of institution Public university
Endowment
Staff --
Faculty
Rector
Chancellor
President Prof. Dr. Christoph Markschies
Principal
Vice-Chancellor
Dean
Students 36,835
Undergraduate
Postgraduate
Doctoral
Location Berlin, Germany
Campus setting urban
Colours
Mascot
Affiliations EUA
Website http://www.hu-berlin.de
Data as of 2004
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

The Humboldt University of Berlin (German Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) is Berlin's oldest university, founded in 1810 as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt whose university model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities. From 1828 it was known as the Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), later also as the Universität unter den Linden. In 1949, it changed its name to Humboldt-Universität in honour of its founder. Seal of the Humboldt University of Berlin. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... A Chancellor is the head of a university. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... The Principal is the chief executive and the chief academic officer of a University in Scotland and at certains institutions in Canada and other parts of the Commonwealth. ... A Vice-Chancellor (commonly called the VC) of a university in the United Kingdom, other Commonwealth countries, and some universities in Hong Kong, is the de facto head of the university. ... In an educational setting, a dean is a person with significant authority . ... In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ... Having a degree conferred is a requirement of (post)graduate school. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. ... Mascots at the Mascot Olympics in Orlando, FL. A mascot is something, typically an animal or human character used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team (the name often corresponds with the mascot), society or corporation. ... The European University Association (EUA) is the main voice of the higher education community in Europe. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... same as De:Bild:HumboldtUniversitaet. ... same as De:Bild:HumboldtUniversitaet. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and doctor) in a variety of subjects. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Wilhelm von Humboldt Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Humboldt (June 22, 1767 - April 8, 1835), government functionary, foreign diplomat, philosopher, founder of Humboldt Universität in Berlin, friend of Goethe and especially of Schiller, is especially remembered as a German linguist who introduced a knowledge of the Basque... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ...


The university has been home to many of Germany's greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, the Romantic legal theorist Savigny, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck. Founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels attended the university, as did poet Heinrich Heine, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist Party of Germany founder Karl Liebknecht, African American pan africanist WEB Dubois and European unifier Robert Schuman. The university is home to 29 Nobel Prize winners. Johann Gottlieb Fichte Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 - January 27, 1814) was a German philosopher, who has significance in the history of Western philosophy as one of the leading progenitors of German idealism and as a follower of Immanuel Kant. ... Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 - February 12, 1834) was a theologian and philosopher. ... Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770–November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, in present-day southwest Germany. ... Friedrich Karl von Savigny Friedrich Karl von Savigny (February 21, 1779 - 25 October 1861) was a German jurist. ... Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (January 27, 1775 - August 20, 1854) was a German philosopher. ... Albert Einstein photographed by Oren J. Turner in 1947. ... Max Planck This article is about Planck, the German physicist. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883 London) was an influential philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary organizer of the International Workingmens Association. ... Friedrich Engels Friedrich Engels (November 28, 1820–August 5, 1895) was a 19th-century German political philosopher. ... Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (born as Harry Heine December 13, 1797 – February 17, 1856) was one of the most significant German poets. ... Prince Otto von Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (April 1, 1815 – July 30, 1898) was one of the most prominent European aristocrats and statesmen of the nineteenth century. ... 1932 KPD poster, End This System The Communist Party of Germany (in German, Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands – KPD) was formed in December of 1918 from the Spartacist League, which originated as a small factional grouping within the Social Democratic Party (SPD), and the International Communists of Germany (IKD). ... ▶ (help· info) (August 13, 1871 - January 15, 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. ... An African-American (also Afro-American, Black American, or black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Pan-Africanism is a term which can have two separate, but related meanings. ... William Edward Burghardt DuBois (February 23, 1868 - August 27, 1963) was an African-American civil rights leader and scholar. ... Robert Schuman in 1958, receiving Karlspreis in the city of Aachen Robert Schuman (June 29, 1886 – September 4, 1963) was a noted French politician, a Christian Democrat (M.R.P.) who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


After 1933, it was, like all German universities, transformed into a Nazi educational institution. It was from the University's library that some 20,000 books by "degenerates" and opponents of the regime were taken to be burned on May 10 of that year in the Opernplatz (now the Bebelplatz) for a demonstration protected by the SA that also featured a speech by Joseph Göbbels. A monument to this can now be found in the center of the square, consisting of a glass panel opening onto an underground white room with empty shelf space for 20,000 volumes and a plaque, bearing an epigraph from an 1820 work by Heinrich Heine: "Das war ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen" ("That was only a prelude; where they burn books, they ultimately burn people"). Jewish students and scholars and political opponents of Nazis were kicked out of the university and often deported and killed. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... The seal of SA The â–¶ (help· info) (SA, German for Storm Division and is usually translated as stormtroops or stormtroopers) functioned as a paramilitary organisation of the NSDAP – the German Nazi party. ... Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1946, the university opened again. The Soviet administration soon took over control of the university, relegating all students who didn't conform to Communist ideology. As a reaction, the Free University of Berlin was founded in 1948 in the Western part of the city. The communist party forced to change the name of the university in 1949. Until the collapse of the East German regime in 1989, the Humboldt University remained under tight ideological control of the Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands (Socialist Unity Party of Germany), or SED, which, by rigorously selecting students according to their conformity to the party line, made sure that no democratic opposition could grow on its university campuses. Its Communist-selected students and scholars did not participate in the East German democratic civil rights movements of 1989 to a considerable degree, and elected the controversial SED member and former Stasi spy Heinrich Fink as the Director of the University still in 1990. Satellite photo of Berlin. ... SED The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, or SED) was the governing party of East Germany (the GDR) from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990, following the GDR governments collapse. ... Logo of East Germanys Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MfS or Stasi) / Ministry for State Security This article is about Stasi, the secret police of East Germany. ...


After liberation from communism, the university was radically restructured and all professors had to apply for their professorships anew. The faculty was largely replaced with West German professors, among them renowned scholars like the art historian Horst Bredekamp and the historian Heinrich August Winkler. Today, the Humboldt University is a state university with a high number of students (37,145 in 2003, among them more than 4,662 foreign students) after the model of West German universities, and like its counterpart Free University of Berlin. Heinrich August Winkler (* 1938 in Königsberg); is a German historian. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Satellite photo of Berlin. ...


Its main building is located in the centre of Berlin at the boulevard Unter den Linden. The building was erected by prince Heinrich of Prussia. Most institutes are located in the centre, around the main building, except the nature science institutes, which are located at Adlershof in the south of Berlin. The University continues to serve the German community. View west through the Brandenburg Gate towards Straße des 17. ... District Adlershof in borough Treptow-Köpenick of Berlin Adlershof is a district in the borough Treptow-Köpenick of Berlin, Germany. ...


See also

The Charité is the largest university hospital in Europe. ... Satellite photo of Berlin. ... The Central Institute for Modern Languages at the Technical University The Technical University of Berlin (TUB, TU Berlin, German: Technische Universität Berlin) is located in Berlin in Germany. ... The Berlin University of the Arts (Universität der Künste Berlin) in Berlin, Germany, was founded in 1975 with the merger of the Berlin State School of Fine Arts and the Berlin State School of Music and the Performing Arts. ... The Museum für Naturkunde (in English, the Museum of Natural History), widely known as the Humboldt Museum of Berlin, is the first national museum in the world, with a massive collection of more than 25 million zoological, paleontological, and minerological specimens, including more than ten thousand type specimens. ...

External links

  • Homepage of the Humboldt University of Berlin
  • History of the Humboldt University
  • [1] - Interactive 360° Panorama in front of the University

 
 

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