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Encyclopedia > Humber Bridge
Humber Bridge
Humber Bridge
View from south side
Carries Motor vehicles (on the A15), pedestrians
Crosses Humber
Locale East Riding of Yorkshire/North Lincolnshire
Maintained by The Humber Bridge Board
Design Suspension
Longest span 1,410 metres (4,626 ft) (fourth largest in the world)
Total length 2,220 metres (7,283 ft)
AADT 100,000 vehicles per week
Opening date To traffic on 24 June 1981
Officially on 17 July 1981
Toll Car: £2.70
HGV: £18.30
Motorcycle: £1.20
Location within United Kingdom

The Humber Bridge is the fourth-largest single-span suspension bridge in the world, near Kingston upon Hull in England. It spans the Humber (the estuary formed by the rivers Trent and Ouse) between Barton-upon-Humber on the south bank and Hessle on the north bank, connecting the East Riding of Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire. Humber Bridge from south side. ... The A15 is a major road in England. ... River Hull tidal barrier. ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district with unitary authority status, and a ceremonial county of England. ... St Clements Church, Worlaby North Lincolnshire is a unitary authority in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber in England. ... A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that has been created since ancient times as early as 100 AD. Simple suspension bridges, for use by pedestrians and livestock, are still constructed, based upon the ancient Inca rope bridge. ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge has the largest span of any bridge This list of the largest suspension bridges ranks the worlds suspension bridges by the length of main span (distance between the suspension towers). ... Annual average daily traffic, abbrevated AADT, is a term used primarily in transportation planning and transportation engineering. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) is a generic and formal designation in British English for classification of large road vehicles intended to carry goods. ... Download high resolution version (1802x2589, 189 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Humber Bridge Hessle Categories: GFDL images | GBdot ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge has the largest span of any bridge This list of the largest suspension bridges ranks the worlds suspension bridges by the length of main span (distance between the suspension towers). ... A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that has been created since ancient times as early as 100 AD. Simple suspension bridges, for use by pedestrians and livestock, are still constructed, based upon the ancient Inca rope bridge. ... Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... River Hull tidal barrier. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... For other uses see Trent River. ... The River Ouse in York The River Ouse (pronounced ooze) in North Yorkshire, England flows through York and Selby. ... Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a small town in North Lincolnshire, on the south bank of the River Humber, and at the end of the Humber Bridge. ... For the Hessle meteorite of 1869, see meteorite falls. ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district with unitary authority status, and a ceremonial county of England. ... St Clements Church, Worlaby North Lincolnshire is a unitary authority in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber in England. ...


Plans for a bridge were originally drawn up in the 1930s, and were revised in 1955, but work did not begin until July 26, 1972. The bridge was finally opened officially by the Queen on 17 July 1981. The consulting engineers for the project were Freeman Fox & Partners — now Hyder Consulting. The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Hyder Consulting is a planning, engineering, environmental and management consultancy that works in the public and private sectors to develop complex buildings and infrastructure. ... Kevin Hyder Consulting is a planning, engineering, environmental and management consultancy that works in the public and private sectors to develop complex buildings and infrastructure. ...


With a centre span of 1,410 metres (4,626 ft) and a total length of 2,220 metres (7,283 ft), the Humber Bridge was the longest single-span suspension bridge in the world for 17 years.

Contents

Bridge Statistics

The bridge's surface takes the form of a dual carriageway with a lower-level footpath on both sides, although traffic is often restricted to one lane both ways. There is a permanent 50mph speed limit on the full length of the bridge. This early German Autobahn uses a dual carriageway design. ...


Each tower consists of a pair of hollow vertical concrete columns, each 155.5 metres (510 ft) tall and tapering from 6 metres square at the base to 4.5 x 4.75 metres at the top. The bridge is designed to tolerate constant motion and bends more than three metres in winds of 80 mph (36 m/s). The towers, although both vertical, are not parallel, being 36 mm further apart at the top than the bottom as a result of the curvature of the earth.[1] Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Curvature is the amount by which a geometric object deviates from being flat. ...


The north tower is on the bank, and has foundations down to 8 metres (26 ft). The south tower is in the water, and descends to 36 metres (118 ft) as a consequence of the shifting sandbanks that make up the estuary. A sandbank is a patch of sand in water, which creates a shallow area which may pose a hazard to boats. ...


There is enough wire in the suspension cables to circle the Earth nearly twice. This article is about Earth as a planet. ...


The bridge held the record for the world's longest single-span suspension bridge for 16 years from its opening in June 1981 until the opening of the Great Belt Bridge in June 1997 and was relegated to third place with the opening of the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in April 1998. It is now the fourth longest single-span suspension bridge after Runyang Bridge (China) which opened in 2005. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge has the largest span of any bridge This list of the largest suspension bridges ranks the worlds suspension bridges by the length of main span (distance between the suspension towers). ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Great Belt Bridge The Great Belt Bridge (Danish: Storebæltsbroen) is a suspension bridge that is part of the fixed link across the Great Belt in Denmark. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge ), also known as Pearl Bridge, is a suspension bridge in Japan that crosses the Akashi Strait; it links Maiko in Kobe and Iwaya on Awaji Island as part of the Honshū-Shikoku Highway. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Runyang Bridge (Simplified Chinese: 润扬长江大桥; Traditional Chinese: 潤揚長江大橋; Hanyu pinyin: rùnyáng chángjiāng dà qiáo) is a large bridge complex that crosses the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province, China, downstream of Nanjing. ...


The road-distance between Hull and Grimsby was reduced by nearly 50 miles as a consequence of the bridge. Prior to the bridge opening, commuters would go from one bank to the other either by using the ferry that ran from Hull to New Holland, Lincolnshire or driving via the M62, M18 and M180 motorways, crossing the River Ouse near Goole (connected to the Humber) in the process. There was also a hovercraft service. Minerva and Mercury were used very briefly between Hull Pier and Grimsby Docks from 17 February 1968 to 21 October 1968, they both suffered mechanical failure at very regular intervals. Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... For other uses, see Grimsby (disambiguation). ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... New Holland is a small village and port on the Humber estuary in North Lincolnshire, England. ... The route of the M62, in dark blue. ... The M18 northdown during the Winter 2005-2006 roadworks The M18 is a motorway in Yorkshire, England. ... The M180 motorway is a major road in England. ... The River Ouse in York The River Ouse (pronounced ooze) in North Yorkshire, England flows through York and Selby. ... For other uses, see Goole (disambiguation). ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Incidents and suicides

More than 200 incidents of people jumping or falling from the bridge have taken place since it was opened in 1981 with only five surviving.[2]


Between 1990 and February 2001 the Humber Rescue Team launched its boat 64 times to deal with people falling or jumping off the bridge. [3]


Notable incidents include the cases of a West Yorkshire woman and her two-year-old daughter who fell off the bridge in 2005,[4] a mother who killed herself and her 12-year old autistic son in April 2006,[5] and that of a man jumping from the bridge to his death on the A63 road below in September 2006. As a result, plans have been considered to cage off, or introduce higher fencing along the walkways of the bridge; trials have been held, with design constraints as well as cost cited as the reason for non-implementation so far. Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... A boy with autism and his mother Autism refers to a spectrum of disorders, and lies somewhere under the umbrella of a greater encompassing spectrum, that of pervasive developmental disorders that involve the functioning of the brain. ... The A63 is a major road in Yorkshire, England. ...


Throughout the year many people commit or attempt to commit suicide on the Humber Bridge, so local NHS authorities have specialist counsellors and doctors on call.[citation needed].


Similar incidents happen at bridges all over the world. As a suicide prevention initiative, this sign on the Golden Gate Bridge promotes a special telephone that connects to a crisis hotline. ...


Finances

The bridge has a toll charge of £2.70 (as of 23 April 2006) for cars. The Humber Bridge is the only major toll bridge in the United Kingdom to charge tolls to motorcycles (£1.20), others such as the Forth Road Bridge, Severn crossings and the Dartford Crossing are all free. In 2004 a large number of motorcycles held a slow-pay protest, taking off gloves and helmets and paying the toll in large denomination bank notes. [6] Police reported a tailback of 4 miles (6 km) as a consequence of the protest. Despite receiving several letters in support of the removal of tolls, they remain in place for motorcycles. Paying toll on passing a bridge. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A motorcycle (or motorbike) is a two-wheeled vehicle powered by an engine. ... The Forth Road Bridge is a suspension bridge in east central Scotland. ... The Severn crossing is generally used to refer to two river crossings over the River Severn between England and Wales. ... , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ...


In 1996, the British Parliament passed the Humber Bridge (Debts) Act 1996 to reorganise the Humber Bridge Board's debts in order to ensure the Bridge could be safely maintained. Although a significant proportion of the debt was suspended in that refinancing arrangement there was no "write off" of debt and the suspended portion is being gradually re-activated as the Bridge Board pays off the remainder of the active debt. The Humber Bridge (Debts) Act 1996 is an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


In 2006 a Private Member's Bill — sponsored by Cleethorpes Labour MP Shona McIsaac — relating to the Humber Bridge, was introduced into Parliament.[7] The Humber Bridge Bill would have made amendments to the Humber Bridge Act 1959 "requiring the secretary of state to give directions to members of the Humber Bridge Board regarding healthcare and to review the possibility of facilitating journeys across the Humber Bridge in relation to healthcare". The aim was to allow people who travel from the Southbank to the Northbank for medical treatment to cross the bridge without paying the toll, and to allow the Secretary of State for Transport to appoint two members of the Humber Bridge board to represent the interests of the NHS. Even though the Bill received cross-party support (it was co-sponsored by Shadow Home Secretary David Davis, and supported by all other MPs representing North Lincolnshire and East Yorkshire) it ran out of time later that year. [8] A Private Members Bill is a proposed law introduced by a backbench member of parliament, whether from the government or the opposition side, to that legislature or parliament. ... Shona McIsaac (born 3 April 1960, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland) is a British politician, and since 1997, she has been the Labour Member of Parliament for the Lincolnshire constituency of Cleethorpes. ... David Michael Davis (born December 23, 1948) is a British politician, Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Haltemprice and Howden and Shadow Home Secretary. ...


In early 2007, users of the bridge began a campaign to persuade the Government to cancel the outstanding debt, and to enable the Bridge Board to reduce tolls. This included a petition[9] and a website.[10]. A protest at the bridge on 1 September 2007 was supported by the local Cancer Patients Involvement Group, the Road Haulage Association, Yorkshire and Humberside MEP Diana Wallis and local business and council representatives.[11]. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Road Haulage Association Logo The Road Haulage Association (abbreviated as The RHA) provides dedicated campaigning, advice, information and business services specially tailored for the haulage industry, including audits, risk assessments and contracts of employment. ... Diana Paulette Wallis (born 28 June 1954) is a Member of the European Parliament for the Liberal Democrats for Yorkshire and the Humber since 1999. ...


Images of the Bridge

References

  1. ^ Interesting Facts. Humber Bridge Board. Retrieved on 2006-09-04.
  2. ^ Bridge jump attempts prevented. BBC News (13 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  3. ^ ALL IN THE SAME BOAT. Hull in print. Hull City Council. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.
  4. ^ Pair recover from bridge plunge. BBC News (12 June 2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-04.
  5. ^ Bridge-fall son unlawfully killed. BBC News (11 August 2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-04.
  6. ^ Humber Bridge Protest - October 12th 2004. Retrieved on 2007-03-21.
  7. ^ MP in Commons move to exempt hospital patients from bridge toll. Yorkshire Post (20 January 2006). Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  8. ^ Humber Bridge Bill (Failed Bill 2005/06 session). ePolitix.com (4 August 2005). Retrieved on 2007-03-21.
  9. ^ Petitions: Cancel Humber Bridge debt and reduce tolls. Official 10 Downing Street Website. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  10. ^ Humber Toll Action Group website
  11. ^ Protest over Humber Bridge tolls. BBC News (1 September 2007). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Humber Bridge Board
  • Humber Bridge in the Structurae database
World's longest suspension bridge
Preceded by
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
1981–1998
Humber Bridge
Superseded by
Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge
Major suspension bridges in the United Kingdom

Severn Bridge| Menai Suspension Bridge | Forth Road Bridge | Humber Bridge | Tamar Bridge | Clifton Suspension Bridge  Structurae is an on-line database containing works of structural and civil engineering of all kinds such as Bridges, High-rise buildings, towers, dams, etc. ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge has the largest span of any bridge This list of the largest suspension bridges ranks the worlds suspension bridges by the length of main span (distance between the suspension towers). ... A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that has been created since ancient times as early as 100 AD. Simple suspension bridges, for use by pedestrians and livestock, are still constructed, based upon the ancient Inca rope bridge. ... Verrazano Bridge redirects here; for the bridge to Assateague Island, see Verrazano Bridge (Maryland). ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge ), also known as Pearl Bridge, is a suspension bridge in Japan that crosses the Akashi Strait; it links Maiko in Kobe and Iwaya on Awaji Island as part of the HonshÅ«-Shikoku Highway. ... A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that has been created since ancient times as early as 100 AD. Simple suspension bridges, for use by pedestrians and livestock, are still constructed, based upon the ancient Inca rope bridge. ... For the Ontario community, see Severn Bridge, Ontario. ... The Menai Suspension Bridge from a viewpoint on the A4080 near the Britannia Bridge. ... The Forth Road Bridge is a suspension bridge in east central Scotland. ... The Tamar Bridge during widening and strengthening work, 1999 The Tamar Bridge is a major road bridge in southwest England carrying traffic between Devon and Cornwall. ... The Clifton Suspension Bridge is a suspension bridge, spanning the Avon Gorge and linking Clifton in Bristol to Leigh Woods in North Somerset, England. ...

Coordinates: 53°42′23″N 0°27′01″W / 53.706361, -0.450182 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Humber Bridge at AllExperts (768 words)
For the 17 years from the date of opening, the Humber Bridge was the longest single-span suspension bridge in the world, with a centre span of 1,410 metres.
The bridge held the record for the world's longest single-span suspension bridge for 16 years from its opening in June 1981 until the opening of the Great Belt Bridge in June 1997, and later became the world's third longest single-span suspension bridge with the opening of the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in April 1998.
Plans are being considered to cage the walkways on the bridge, as a result of two suicides and the case of a West Yorkshire woman and her two-year-old daughter who fell off the bridge in 2005 [1].
River Humber Estuary, River Humber Bridge, RiverHumber.com (549 words)
The Humber is a North Sea inlet on the East coast of England and it is one of the major deepwater estuaries in the U.K. The deepwater channel is 22 miles (35 kms.) long from the open sea at Spurn Point to Kingston Upon Hull.
The Humber is a large tidal estuary and extremely turbid, the estuary has a brown appearance due to this high turbidity, and is often thought of as a dirty river.
The bridge had been an idea for the area at least 100 years before it was finally planned and built to help stimulate industrial and commercial growth in the area.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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