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Encyclopedia > Humanzee

The Humanzee (also known as the Chuman, or Manpanzee) is a hypothetical chimpanzee/human hybrid. Chimpanzees and humans are very closely related (95% of their DNA sequence, and 99% of coding DNA sequences are in common[1]), leading to contested speculation that a hybrid is possible, though no specimen has ever been confirmed. Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species of apes in the genus Pan. ... This article is about modern humans. ... This article is about a biological term. ... part of a DNA sequence A DNA sequence (sometimes genetic sequence) is a succession of letters representing the primary structure of a real or hypothetical DNA molecule or strand, The possible letters are A, C, G, and T, representing the four nucleotide subunits of a DNA strand (adenine, cytosine, guanine...

Contents

Etymology

In spite of the usual convention of portmanteau words to describe hybrids, there is no consensus as to which word to use, though "chuman" or "humanzee" are used in popular speech. Geneticists adhere to the portmanteau word convention to indicate which species is the sire.[citation needed] (cf. tigon/liger) This is important because of the phenomenon of genomic imprinting where genes are expressed differently depending on which parent contributed them. Hybrids are named according to the convention first part of sire's name + second part of dam's name (except where the result is unwieldy). For geneticists, "Chuman" therefore refers to a hybrid of male chimpanzee and female human, while "Humanzee" or "manpanzee" refers to a hybrid of male human and female chimpanzee. A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Tigron redirects here. ... For other uses, see Liger (disambiguation). ... Genomic imprinting is a genetic phenomenon involved in the control of a small proportion of genes in the genome, where the allele that is expressed is determined solely on which parent contributes it. ...


Feasibility

Humans have one chromosome fewer than other apes, since the ape chromosomes 2p and 2q have fused into a large chromosome (which contains remnants of the centromere and telomeres of the ancestral 2p and 2q) in humans.[2] Having different numbers of chromosomes is not an absolute barrier to hybridization. Similar mismatches are relatively common in existing species, a phenomenon known as chromosomal polymorphism. Chromosome. ... A telomere is a region of highly repetitive DNA at the end of a linear chromosome that functions as a disposable buffer. ... A scheme of a condensed (metaphase) chromosome. ... Polymorphism is a general concept in biology, referring to a more than one version of a trait being actively present in a population. ...


The genetic structure of all the great apes, and humans, is similar. Chromosomes 6, 13, 19, 21, 22, and X are structurally the same in all great apes. 3, 11, 14, 15, 18, and 20 match between gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans. Chimps and humans match on 1, 2p, 2q, 5, 7 - 10, 12, 16, and Y as well. Some older references will include Y as a match between gorillas, chimps, and humans, but chimpanzees (including bonobos) and humans have recently been found to share a large transposition from chromosome 1 to Y that is not found in other apes.[3]


This level of chromosomal similarity is roughly equivalent to that found in equines. Interfertility of horses and donkeys is common, although sterility of the offspring (mules) is nearly universal. Similar complexities and prevalent sterility pertain to horse-zebra hybrids, or zorses, whose chromosomal disparity is very wide, with horses typically having 32 chromosomes and zebras possessing between 44 and 62 depending upon species. In a direct parallel to the chimp-human case, the Przewalski horse (Equus przewalskii) with 33 chromosome pairs, and the domestic horse (E. caballus) with 32 chromosome pairs, have been found to be interfertile, and produce semi-fertile offspring, where male hybrids can breed with female domestic horses.[4]). Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... In its common modern meaning, a mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. ... It has been suggested that Zebrula be merged into this article or section. ... Trinomial name Equus ferus przewalskii (Poliakov, 1881) Range map Przewalskis Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii or Equus caballus przewalskii, classification is debated), pronounced in English as //, also known as the Asian Wild Horse or Mongolian Wild Horse, or Takhi, is the closest living wild relative of the domestic Horse. ...


In the 1920s the Soviet biologist Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov carried out a series of experiments to create a human/ape hybrid. At first working with human sperm and chimpanzee females, none of his attempts created a pregnancy. In 1929 he organized a set of experiments involving ape sperm and human volunteers, but was delayed by the death of his last orangutan. The next year he fell under political criticism from the Soviet government and was sentenced to exile in the Kazakh SSR during the Great Purge; he died two years later (see below). CCCP redirects here. ... For the song by Girls Aloud see Biology (song) Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, speech lit. ... Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov (Russian: , August 1 [O.S. July 20] 1870-March 20, 1932?) was a Russian and Soviet biologist who specialized in the field of artificial insemination and the interspecific hybridization of animals. ... This article is about the primate. ... State motto: Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... The Great Purge (Russian: , transliterated Bolshaya chistka) refers collectively to several related campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin during the 1930s, which removed all of his remaining opposition from power. ...


As far back as 1977, researcher J. Michael Bedford[5] discovered that human sperm could penetrate the protective outer membranes of a gibbon egg. Among the apes, the gibbon is the farthest from humans. Bedford's paper also stated that human spermatozoa would not even attach to the zona surface of sub-hominoid primate (baboon, rhesus monkey, squirrel monkey), concluding that although the specificity of human spermatozoa is not confined to man alone, it probably is restricted to the Hominoidea. Genera Hylobates Hoolock Nomascus Symphalangus Gibbons are the small apes that are grouped in the family Hylobatidae. ...


In 2006, research suggested that after the last common ancestor of humans and chimpanzees diverged into two distinct lineages, inter-lineage sex was still sufficiently common that it produced fertile hybrids for around 1.2 million years after the initial split.[6] Genetic divergence is the method of detecting and artificially directing two or more desired genetic characteristics that have occurred naturally over time and passing these divergences from one generation to subsequent generations. ...


However, despite speculation, no case of a human-chimpanzee cross has ever been confirmed to exist in modern times.


The Ivanov experiments

The most controversial of Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov's studies was his attempt to create a human-ape hybrid. As early as 1910 he had given a presentation to the World Congress of Zoologists in Graz in which he described the possibility of obtaining such a hybrid through artificial insemination. Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov (Russian: , August 1 [O.S. July 20] 1870-March 20, 1932?) was a Russian and Soviet biologist who specialized in the field of artificial insemination and the interspecific hybridization of animals. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ...


In 1924, while working at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, Ivanov obtained permission from the Institute's directors to use its experimental primate station in Kindia, French Guinea, for such an experiment. Ivanov attempted to gain backing for his project from the Soviet government. He dispatched letters to the People's Commissar on Education and Science Anatoliy Vasilievich Lunacharsky and to other officials. Ivanov's proposal finally sparked the interest of Nikolai Petrovich Gorbunov, the head of the Department of Scientific Institutions. In September 1925 Gorbunov helped allocate US$10,000 to the Academy of Sciences for Ivanov's human-ape hybridization experiments in Africa. For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... The Pasteur Institute (French: Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, microorganisms, diseases and vaccines. ... Not to be confused with French Guiana. ... Soviet redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with: :Sovnarkom. ... Anatoliy Vasilievich Lunacharsky (Russian:Анатолий Васильевич Луначарский) (November 23 [O.S. November 11] 1875 – December 26, 1933) was a Russian communist politician. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Russian Academy of Sciences: main building Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ...


In March 1926 Ivanov arrived at the Kindia facility, but stayed only a month without success. The Kindia site, it turned out, had no sexually mature chimpanzees. He returned to France where he arranged through correspondence with French Guinea's colonial governor to set up experiments at the botanical gardens in Conakry. Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species of apes in the genus Pan. ... Conakry or Konakry (Malinké: Kɔnakiri) is the capital and largest city of Guinea. ...


Ivanov reached Conakry in November 1926 accompanied by his son, also named Ilya, who would assist him in his experiments. Ivanov supervised the capture of adult chimpanzees in the interior of the colony, which were brought to Conakry and kept in cages in the botanical gardens. On February 28, 1927, Ivanov artificially inseminated two female chimpanzees with human sperm (not his own or his son's). On June 25, he injected a third chimpanzee with human sperm. The Ivanovs left Africa in July with thirteen chimps, including the three used in his experiments. They already knew before leaving that the first two chimpanzees had failed to become pregnant. The third died in France, and was also found not to have been pregnant. The remaining chimps were sent to a new primate station at Sukhumi. Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Destroyed shop in Sukhumi Sukhumi (Georgian: , Sokhumi; Abkhaz: , Aqwa; Russian: , Sukhumi) is the capital of Abkhazia, a de facto independent republic, which is internationally recognized as being an autonomous republic within Georgia. ...


Although Ivanov attempted to organize the insemination of human females with chimpanzee sperm in Guinea, these plans met with resistance from the French colonial government and there is no evidence such an experiment was arranged there.


Upon his return to the Soviet Union in 1927, Ivanov began an effort to organize hybridization experiments at Sukhumi using ape sperm and human females. Eventually in 1929, through the help of Gorbunov, he obtained the support of the Society of Materialist Biologists, a group associated with the Communist Academy. In the spring of 1929 the Society set up a commission to plan Ivanov's experiments at Sukhumi. They decided that at least five volunteer women would be needed for the project. However, in June 1929, before any inseminations had taken place, Ivanov learned that the only postpubescent male ape remaining at Sukhumi (an orangutan) had died. A new set of chimps would not arrive at Sukhumi until the summer of 1930[when?]. Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the primate. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rumored humanzees

There have been occasional reports and rumors of humanzees throughout history. St. Peter Damian, in his 11th century De bono religiosi status et variorum animatium tropologia, tells of a Count Gulielmus whose pet ape became his wife's lover. One day the ape became "mad with jealousy" on seeing the count lying with his wife and it fatally attacked him. Damian claims he was told about this incident by Pope Alexander II and shown a creature named "Maimo", which was supposed to be the offspring of the countess and the ape. It has been mentioned that Maimo was most likely a human child with an intellectual disability. Pietro Damiani (St Peter Damian), (c. ... Alexander II (died April 21, 1073), born Anselmo da Baggio , Pope from 1061 to 1073, was a native of Milan. ...


During World War II, infamous Nazi doctor Josef Mengele would sometimes torment uncooperative female Jewish prisoners in the Auschwitz concentration camp by showing them photos of chimpanzees and telling them he had impregnated them with the sperm from those chimps. This was only a form of psychological torture and he never actually conducted experiments of the sort, as they served no purpose in his eugenics research.[7] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... National Socialism redirects here. ... Mengele in uniform Josef Mengele (March 16, 1911– February 7, 1979) was a German SS officer and a physician in the German Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... A photograph (often just called a photo) is an image (or a representation of that on e. ... For other uses, see Sperm (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Torture (disambiguation). ... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Eugenics Conference [7], 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ...


Oliver

See also main article: Oliver (chimpanzee)

There have been no scientifically verified specimens of a human/ape hybrid, although a performing chimp named Oliver was popularized during the 1970s as a possible Chuman/Humanzee. Genetic tests conducted at the University of Chicago concluded that, despite Oliver's somewhat unusual appearance and behavior, he was a normal chimpanzee;[8] he had the same number of chromosomes as normal chimpanzees. The "hybrid" claims were possibly a promotional gimmick. As a result of being humanized (habituated to humans rather than to chimps), Oliver was said to be attracted to female humans, and did not mate with chimpanzees. Oliver, the Humanzee. Oliver was a performing Common Chimpanzee who was once promoted as a missing link, or a Humanzee (a human-chimp hybrid). ... Oliver, the Humanzee. Oliver was a performing Common Chimpanzee who was once promoted as a missing link, or a Humanzee (a human-chimp hybrid). ... This article is about the general scientific term. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ...


An episode of Unsolved History broadcast on the Discovery Channel on March 27, 1998, as well as on December 16, 2006, during the program Humanzee, discussed the controversies over Oliver the chimp also detailed some of the rumors and urban legends about "humanzees". One claim was that a common chimpanzee was impregnated by human sperm in a laboratory in China, but died from neglect before giving birth during the Chinese Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. A similar story, reported by University at Albany psychologist Gordon Gallup, alleged that a human-chimp hybrid was successfully engendered and born at the old Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Orange Park, Florida in the 1920s, but was destroyed by the scientists soon after. Gallup claimed he heard the story as a young graduate student, when an elderly academic confided in him that he had been part of the team behind the experiment. Gallup added that he feels the colleague telling him of this genuinely believed the story to be true but that he, Gallup, has never been able to prove it one way or another. Unsolved Histories is a 2002-2005 documentary television series produced by MorningStar Entertainment, Termite Art Productions, and others for The Discovery Channel. ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ... Binomial name (Blumenbach, 1775) distribution of Common Chimpanzee. ... University at Albany, SUNY, is a public university located in the capital of New York state, and is the senior campus of the SUNY system. ... A psychologist is an expert in psychology, the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior, cognition, and affect. ... Gordon G. Gallup, Jr. ... The Yerkes National Primate Research Center, located in Atlanta, Georgia at Emory University, is one of eight national primate research centers funded by the National Institutes of Health. ... Orange Park is a town located in Clay County, Florida, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 9,081. ...


Genetic evidence

Looking back millions of years into early human history, current research into human evolution tends to confirm that in some cases, interspecies sexual activity may have been a key part of human evolution. Analysis of human and animal genes in 2006 provides evidence that after humans had started to diverge from apes, interspecies mating between "proto-human" and "proto-chimps" nonetheless occurred regularly enough to change certain genes in the new gene pool: For the history of humans on Earth, see History of the world. ... Animal sexual behavior takes many different forms, even within the same species. ... For the history of humans on Earth, see History of the world. ... For other uses, see Gene (disambiguation). ... This article is about modern humans. ... This article is about the biological superfamily. ... The gene pool of a species or a population is the complete set of unique alleles that would be found by inspecting the genetic material of every living member of that species or population. ...

"A new comparison of the human and chimp genomes suggests that after the two lineages separated, they may have begun interbreeding... A principal finding is that the X chromosomes of humans and chimps appear to have diverged about 1.2 million years more recently than the other chromosomes."

The research suggests that: Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species of apes in the genus Pan. ... In biology the genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Genetic divergence is the method of detecting and artificially directing two or more desired genetic characteristics that have occurred naturally over time and passing these divergences from one generation to subsequent generations. ...

"There were in fact two splits between the human and chimp lineages, with the first being followed by interbreeding between the two populations and then a second split. The suggestion of a hybridization has startled paleoanthropologists, who nonetheless are 'treating the new genetic data seriously.'[1]

Paleoanthropology, which combines the disciplines of paleontology and physical anthropology, is the study of ancient humans as found in fossil hominid evidence such as petrifacted bones and footprints. ...

Popular culture

Ape-like beings that have distinctly human traits are not uncommon in fiction, most notably in the Planet of the Apes series, but examples of actual human-ape hybrids in films are not as common. This article is about the book. ...

  • Novels in the Uplift Universe by David Brin describe a future in which mankind has uplifted, or made sapient, chimpanzees and dolphins.
  • First Born is a British TV mini-series about the creation of a man-gorilla hybrid based on novel The Gor Saga by Maureen Duffy. The gorilla is known to be very docile and extremely strong.[9][10] Therefore, they could be a good choice for producing "humanilla" labourers. Maureen Duffy built upon this theory creating a humanilla character that was exceptionally strong and athletic, yet could not bring himself to harm other living beings, thus becoming useless for military purposes.[11]
  • The British teleseries Quatermass and the Pit (and its subsequent theatrical version) featured insect-like Martians who, 5 million years before, created Homo erectus by genetically altering chimpanzees.
  • The 1952 movie Bela Lugosi Meets a Brooklyn Gorilla has the mad scientist Dr. Zabor trying to develop a human-ape hybrid. This film made number 24 on the list of the DVD documentary "The 50 Worst Movies Ever Made".
  • Ancient of Days is an award-winning 1995 novella by American author Michael Bishop in which a woman finds and falls in love with a male member of the pre-human species Homo habilis. Bishop used the inter-species romance as a way to explore racial prejudice.
  • In Orphan of Creation, a 1988 novel by Roger MacBride Allen, involves the archaeological discovery of australopithecine remains in a graveyard reserved for black slaves buried towards the end of the American Civil War. The discovery is startling because it suggests apes thought to be extinct for millions of years were alive through the mid 19th Century and used as slaves due to the decline of the human slave trade. A team is sent to Africa to investigate the possibility of a surviving relict populations. In the novel's climax, human sperm is used to inseminate a female australopithecine and results in a live birth of an australopithecine-Human hybrid. The birth raises questions of personhood and what is human.
  • In Greg Cox's Star Trek novel The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume 1, it is established that the project that created Khan Noonien Singh in 1970 (called Chrysalis by its founder, Sarina Kaur) also created a humanilla called Carlos Quintana, referred to sarcastically by secret agent Roberta Lincoln as Magilla Gorilla and Mighty Joe Young.
  • The 1999 Outer Limits episode "Descent" featured Leland Orser as a shy, nerdy scientist who attempts to become stronger and more confident by injecting himself with DNA extracted from primitive primates. The experiment unexpectedly begins slowly transforming him into a human-ape hybrid.
  • Primal Tears is a novel by Truthout's environment editor Kelpie Wilson about the adventures of a bonobo-human hybrid female named Sage who goes from hunted pariah to international superstar. Author Kelpie Wilson mentioned that "She is only a thought-experiment of mine, though I have to confess, there was one point where I was so obsessed with the idea and so curious to find out if a bonobo-human hybrid was possible, that I contemplated getting ahold of some bonobo sperm and trying it myself! Luckily, my common sense prevailed, and Sage was born on paper only."[12]
  • H. P. Lovecraft's short story Facts Concerning the Late Arthur Jermyn and His Family concerns a family with simian heritage, and references a society of man/ape hybrids.
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote two of his Tarzan novels referencing the people of the lost city of Opar, whose inhabitants were descendants of humans and apes. This may have influenced the above-mentioned H. P. Lovecraft story.
  • Sims by F. Paul Wilson is a novel that explores a near-future event where humanzees are created by humans as a de facto slave race.[13]
  • Oliver the Humanzee was a constant discussion topic on The Ricky Gervais Show, due to the producer Karl Pilkington's obsession with Oliver
  • Next (2006) by Michael Crichton, discusses humanzee scenarios.

The Uplift Universe is a fictional universe created by science fiction writer David Brin. ... Glen David Brin, Ph. ... First Born is a British television serial produced by the BBC in 1988. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... Maureen Duffy (b. ... Type species Troglodytes gorilla Savage, 1847 distribution of Gorilla Species Gorilla gorilla Gorilla beringei The gorilla, the largest of the living primates, is a ground-dwelling omnivore that inhabits the forests of Africa. ... The opening titles of Quatermass and the Pit. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... The name Martian is given to the hypothetical native inhabitants of the planet Mars. ... Binomial name (Dubois, 1892) Synonyms † Pithecanthropus erectus † Sinanthropus pekinensis † Javanthropus soloensis † Meganthropus paleojavanicus Homo erectus (Latin: upright man) is an extinct species of the genus Homo. ... Kenyans examining insect-resistant transgenic Bt corn. ... Bela Lugosi Meets a Brooklyn Gorilla is a 1952 comedy film directed by William Beaudine and starring horror veteran Bela Lugosi. ... They LAUGHED at my theories at the institute! Fools! Ill destroy them all! Caucasian, male, aging, crooked teeth, messy hair, lab coat, spectacles/goggles, dramatic posing — one popular stereotype of mad scientist. ... A novella is a narrative work of prose fiction somewhat longer than a short story but shorter than a novel. ... Brittle Innings by Michael Bishop (First Edition) / Bantam Books, 1994 (Cover art by Michael Dudash) Michael Lawson Bishop (born November 12, 1945 in Lincoln, Nebraska) is an award-winning American writer. ... Binomial name Leakey et al, 1964 Homo habilis (pronounced ) (handy man, skillful person) is a species of the genus Homo, which lived from approximately 2. ... Roger MacBride Allen (born September 26, 1957) is a US science fiction author. ... For the song by Modest Mouse, see Sad Sappy Sucker. ... The term relict is used to refer to surviving remnants of natural phenomena. ... Greg Cox is the New York Times bestselling author of numerous Star Trek novels, including The Eugenics Wars, (Volume One and Two), The Q Continuum, Assignment: Eternity, and The Black Shore. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Khan Noonien Singh is a villain in the fictional Star Trek universe. ... Butterfly Chrysalis Monarch Butterfly Chrysalis For the record label created in 1969, see Chrysalis Records. ... Secret Agent is a 1936 British film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a novel by W. Somerset Maugham. ... Magilla Gorilla was the main character from The Magilla Gorilla Show, an animated series produced by Hanna-Barbera between January 14, 1964, and 1967. ... The original Mighty Joe Young movie poster. ... Opening titles – 2002 The Outer Limits was an American science fiction anthology television series. ... Descent is the name of an episode of the science fiction tv series The Outer Limits. The episode first aired on 25 June 1999. ... Leland Orser in Alien: Resurrection Leland Orser (born August 6, 1960) is an American film and television actor. ... Primal Tears is a novel by Truthout’s environment editor Kelpie Wilson about the adventures of a bonobo-human hybrid, or humanzee, female named Sage who goes from hunted pariah to international superstar. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... Truthout. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... For other uses, see Bonobo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the author. ... Facts Concerning the Late Arthur Jermyn and His Family is a short story by H.P. Lovecraft, written in 1920. ... Edgar Rice Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he also produced works in many genres. ... For other uses, see Tarzan (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Francis Paul Wilson (b. ... The Ricky Gervais Show is a comedy audio show in the UK starring Ricky Gervais, Stephen Merchant, and Karl Pilkington. ... Karl Pilkington (born September 23, 1972 in Manchester) is a British, Sony Award-winning radio producer and personality best known for producing and co-presenting The Ricky Gervais Show, on the radio station XFM. On October 3, 2006, Pilkingtons first book The World of Karl Pilkington was published, featuring... Next is a 2006 novel by Michael Crichton. ... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ...

See also

The logo of The Great Ape Project, which aims to expand moral equality to great apes, and to foster greater understanding of them by humans. ... In colloquial English, person is often synonymous with human. ... Advocates of Great Ape personhood consider common chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans (the hominid apes) to be persons. ... This article covers the historical and cultural aspects of zoophilia and zoosexuality (also known as bestiality), from prehistory onwards. ...

References

  1. ^ Chimps are human, gene study implies. New Scientist. Retrieved on 2006-02-24.
  2. ^ Origin of Human Chromosome 2: An Ancestral Telomere-Telomere fusion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
  3. ^ Direct Evidence for a Pan-Homo Clade. Chromosome Research.
  4. ^ Cytogenetic studies of three equine hybrids. Journal of Reproductive Fertility.
  5. ^ Sperm/egg interaction: the specificity of human sp...[Anat Rec. 1977] - PubMed Result
  6. ^ Brown, David. "Human Ancestors May Have Interbred With Chimpanzees", Washington Post, May 18, 2006, pp. A01. Retrieved on 2006-06-13. 
  7. ^ Posner, Gerald (October 2000). Mengele: The Complete Story. New York: Cooper Square Press. ISBN 0-8154-1006-9.
  8. ^ 10. Oliver the Mutant Chimp. Retrieved on 2006-03-11.
  9. ^ Yerkes, Robert M., The Mind of a Gorilla. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 8, No. 2 (May, 1927), pp. 168-172
  10. ^ Fossey, Dian (October 2000). Gorillas in the mist. Mariner Books; 1st Mariner Books Ed edition (October 6, 2000), ISBN 0-618-08360-X
  11. ^ Duffy, Maureen (October 1988). Gor Saga. Publisher: Arrow (A Division of Random House Group), (October 27, 1988), ISBN 0-413-19760-3
  12. ^ Dr Susan Block's Blog
  13. ^ Wilson, F. Paul, ( 2003). Sims. New York : Tom Doherty Associates, 2003. ISBN 0-7653-0551-8

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gerald Posner and his wife Trisha. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – December 26, 1985) was an American zoologist who completed an extended study of eight gorilla groups. ... A film from 1988 based on the autobiographical book by Dian Fossey. ... Maureen Duffy (b. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Humanzee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2021 words)
The Humanzee (also known as the Chuman or Manpanzee) is a hypothetical ape/human hybrid.
A humanzee bred from orangutans who retained these characteristics might not be cooperative for labour purposes, and a problem around human females.
The entire purpose of a humanzee is to combine human and ape characteristics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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