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Encyclopedia > Humanism (life stance)
Part of Philosophy series on
Humanism
Secular humanism

Humanism (life stance)
International Humanist
and Ethical Union (IHEU)
Philosopher in Meditation (detail), by Rembrandt. ... Humanism is a broad category of active ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities—particularly rationalism. ... Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice and specifically rejects rituals and ceremonies as a means to affirm a life stance. ... Founded in Amsterdam in 1952, International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the sole world umbrella organisation [1] embracing Humanist, atheist, rationalist, secular, skeptic, Ethical Culture, freethought and similar organisations world-wide. ...

Religious humanism

Christian humanism
Christian
existential humanism

Humanistic Judaism Religious humanism, is an integration of religious rituals with humanistic philosophy that centers on human needs, interests, and abilities. ... Christian humanism, is a philosophical union of Christian and humanist principles, and like much humanism often refers to a commonality among all humanity as its basic ethos. ... Christian Existential Humanism (CEH) is a reconstructivist social and political philosophy combining Christian humanism and Christian existentialism. ... Humanistic Judaism is a movement within Judaism that emphasizes Jewish culture and history, rather than belief in a supernatural god, as the sources of Jewish identity. ...

Related articles

Posthumanism
Neo-humanism
Transhumanism
List of humanists In literary and critical theory, posthumanism, meaning beyond humanism, is a European emergent philosophy and is the dominant secular, rational humanist philosophy. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Natasha Vita-Mores Primo Posthuman Transhumanism (sometimes abbreviated >H or H+) is an international intellectual and cultural movement supporting the use of new sciences and technologies to enhance human physical and cognitive abilities and ameliorate what it regards as undesirable and unnecessary aspects of the human condition, such as... This is a partial list famous humanists, including both secular and religious humanists. ...

History of humanism

Renaissance humanism
Humanism in Germany
Humanism in France
Humanist Manifesto Renaissance humanism was a European intellectual movement beginning in Florence in the last decades of the 14th century. ... // Origins Humanistic studies were late in finding entrance into Germany. ... Humanism in France found its way from Italy, but did not become a distinct movement until the 16th century was well on its way. ... Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a humanist worldview published by the American Humanist Association (AHA). ...

Philosophy Portal · v·d·e 
This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance.
For secular humanism in general, please see Secular humanism.
For other uses of the term "humanism", please see Humanism.

Humanism is a comprehensive life stance that upholds human reason, ethics, and justice, and rejects supernaturalism, pseudo science and superstition. This article uses the words Humanism and Humanist (with a capital 'H' and no adjective such as "secular"[1]) to refer to the life stance and its adherents, and humanism (with a small 'h') to refer to other related movements or philosophies. While this convention is not universal among all Humanists, it is used by a significant number of them, and for purposes of this article, helps distinguish between Humanism as a life stance and other forms of humanism. A lifestance or life stance is a persons relation with what he or she accepts as of ultimate importance, the commitments and presuppositions of this, and the theory and practice of working it out in living. ... Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice and specifically rejects rituals and ceremonies as a means to affirm a life stance. ... Humanism is a broad category of active ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities—particularly rationalism. ... A lifestance or life stance is a persons relation with what he or she accepts as of ultimate importance, the commitments and presuppositions of this, and the theory and practice of working it out in living. ... Reason is a term used in philosophy and other human sciences to refer to the faculty of the human mind that creates and operates with abstract concepts. ... Ethics (from Greek ἦθος meaning custom) is the branch of axiology, one of the four major branches of philosophy, which attempts to understand the nature of morality; to distinguish that which is right from that which is wrong. ... Lady Justice - allegory of Justice as woman with sword and with book - statue at court building. ... The supernatural refers to conscious magical, religious or unknown forces that cannot ordinarily be perceived except through their effects. ... A pseudoscience is any body of knowledge purported to be scientific or supported by science but which fails to comply with the scientific method. ... It has been suggested that Magical thinking be merged into this article or section. ...


Humanism has appeal to atheists, agnostics, freethinkers, empiricists, rationalists, and sceptics. Humanism is non-theistic and secular [2], and shares many beliefs with secular humanism. Atheism, in its broadest sense, is the absence of theism (the belief in the existence of deities). ... Agnosticism is the philosophical view that the (truth) values of certain claims—particularly theological claims regarding the existence of God, gods, or deities—are unknown, inherently unknowable, or incoherent, and therefore, (some agnostics may go as far to say) irrelevant to life. ... It has been suggested that Freethinking be merged into this article or section. ... In philosophy, the term empiricism is used to describe a set of philosophical positions that emphasize the role of experience. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Skepticism (Commonwealth spelling: Scepticism) can mean: Philosophical skepticism - a philosophical position in which people choose to critically examine whether the knowledge and perceptions that they have are actually true, and whether or not one can ever be said to have absolutely true knowledge; or Scientific skepticism - a scientific, or practical... Nontheism (or non-theism), broadly conceived, according to Caporale & Grumelli (1971) , is the absence of belief in both the existence and non-existence of a deity (or deities, or other numinous phenomena). ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice and specifically rejects rituals and ceremonies as a means to affirm a life stance. ...


In the UK [3] and Australia [4] [5], around 15% of the population specifies "No Religion" in the national census. The figure in the USA is roughly 13% [6]. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


"No religion", as well as Humanists, typically includes atheists, agnostics, rationalists and those that just state no religion with no further definition. Some that are non-religious may use the latter category, or simply not respond to the census question at all. This is generally in line with non-theistic and secular beliefs worldwide - see world religion article. For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Agnosticism is the philosophical and theological view that the existence of God, gods or deities is either unknown or inherently unknowable. ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... Irreligion or irreligiousness is the absence of religious belief. ... Major world religions have been distinguished from minor religions using a variety of methods, though any such division naturally reflects a particular bias, since many adherents of a religion are likely to consider their own faith major. Two methods are mentioned in this article, number of adherents and the definitions...


Those that call themselves Humanists are a relative minority -- numbering between three and five million people worldwide in 31 countries [7] [8], the majority of whom are in the Third World. For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world-wide umbrella organization for those adhering to the Humanist life stance. It represents the views of over three million Humanists organized in over 100 national organizations in 30 countries. [9] [10] There are also some more regional groups not belonging to the IHEU, such as the European Humanist Federation and the humanist subgroup of the Unitarian Universalist Association which adhere to variants of the Humanist life stance. The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ... The flaming chalice is a widely used symbol for Unitarian Universalism. ...


The Happy Human is the official symbol of IHEU as well as being regarded a universally recognised symbol for those that call themselves Humanists (as opposed to "humanists") The Happy Human is the official symbol of the Internation Humanist and Ethical Union as well as being regarded the official symbol of Humanism. ... The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ...

Contents


IHEU's Minimum Statement on Humanism

All member organisations of the IHEU are required by IHEU bylaw 5.1 to accept [11] the IHEU Minimum Statement on Humanism:


"Humanism is a democratic and ethical life stance, which affirms that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. It stands for the building of a more humane society through an ethic based on human and other natural values in the spirit of reason and free inquiry through human capabilities. It is not theistic, and it does not accept supernatural views of reality." Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. ... Ethics is a general term for what is often described as the science (study) of morality. In philosophy, ethical behavior is that which is good or right. ... ... Theism is the belief in one or more gods or goddesses. ... The supernatural (Latin: super- exceeding + nature) refers to forces and phenomena which are beyond ordinary scientific measurement. ...


Amsterdam Declaration 2002

In 2002 the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) General Assembly unanimously adopted the Amsterdam Declaration 2002 which represents the official defining statement of World Humanism for Humanists. The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ... The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) at the 50th anniversary World Humanist Congress in 2002. ...


This declaration makes exclusive use of capitalized Humanist and Humanism, which is consistent with IHEU's general practice and recommendations for promoting a unified Humanist identity. [12] To further promote Humanist identity, these words are also free of any adjectives, as recommended by prominent members of IHEU. [13] Such usage is not universal among IHEU member organizations, though most of them do observe these conventions.


Apart from the need to ensure that member organisations are bona fide Humanist (or like-minded) organisations, Humanism rejects dogma, and imposes no creed upon its adherents [14]. In law, good faith (in Latin, bona fides) is the mental and moral state of honest, even if objectively unfounded, conviction as to the truth or falsehood of a proposition or body of opinion, or as to the rectitude or depravity of a line of conduct. ... Dogma (the plural is either dogmata or dogmas) is belief or doctrine held by a religion, ideology or any kind of organization to be authoritative and not to be disputed or doubted. ...


Humanist identity

To promote and unify Humanist identity, prominent members of the IHEU have endorsed the following statements on Humanist identity[15]:

  • All Humanists, nationally and internationally, should always use the one word Humanism as the name of Humanism: no added adjective, and the initial letter capital;
  • All Humanists, nationally and internationally, should use a clear, recognisable and uniform symbol on their publications and elsewhere: our Humanist symbol the "happy human";
  • All Humanists, nationally and internationally, should seek to establish recognition of the fact that Humanism is a life stance.

Capitalization of Humanist is the normal usage within IHEU, and is recommended usage for member organisations, though some member organisations do not follow the IHEU recommendation. For example, the Council for Secular Humanism continues to use a lowercase h, and the adjective secular. The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) regards itself as the only exclusively secular humanist organization in the USA. In 1980 CODESH issued A Secular Humanist Declaration. ...


Other widely recognised documents

Two other widely accepted general doctrines of Humanism are set forth in the Humanist Manifesto [16] and A Secular Humanist Declaration [17]. Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a humanist worldview published by the American Humanist Association (AHA). ... A Secular Humanist Declaration was an argument for and statement of belief in Democratic Secular Humanism. ...


Official days of celebration

Humanists do not celebrate official religiously-based public holidays such as Christmas, Ramadan or Easter. The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ... Christmas is a Christian holiday held on December 25 which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. ... Ramadan or Ramadhan (Arabic: رمضان) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and the holiest month in Islam. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ...


Instead, the IHEU endorses World Humanist Day (June 21), Darwin Day (February 12), Human Rights Day (December 10) and HumanLight (December 23) as official days of Humanist celebration, though none are yet a public holiday. June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Darwin Day is the anniversary of the birthday of Charles Darwin on February 12, 1809. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-12-10, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Official HumanLight logo Celebrant-created logo featuring alternate compounding. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ...


Many Humanists also celebrate the winter and summer solstice. Diagram of the Earths seasons Solstice is an astronomical term regarding the position of the Sun in relation to the earths equator. ...


Humanism today

While Humanist organizations are found in all parts of the world, one of the largest Humanist organisation in the world (relative to population) is Norway's Human-Etisk Forbund [18], which had over 69,000 members out of a population of around 4.6 million in 2004 [19]. This popularity is partly attributable to a unique set of Church-State relations. Human-Etisk Forbund, HEF, Norwegian Humanist Association, was formed in 1956, and has at the present 65800 members(May 2005), and is at the present one of the largest humanist associations in the world. ...


In certain areas of the world, Humanism finds itself in conflict with religious fundamentalism, especially over the issue of the separation of church and state. Many Humanists tend to see religions as superstitious, repressive and closed-minded, while religious fundamentalists may see Humanism as a threat to the values they say are set out in religious texts, such as the Bible and the Qur'an. Fundamentalism is a movement to maintain strict adherence to founding principles. ... The separation of church and state is a political doctrine which states that the institutions of the state or national government should be kept separate from those of religious institutions. ... The Gutenberg Bible owned by the United States Library of Congress The Bible (Hebrew: תנ״ך tanakh, Greek: η Βίβλος hē biblos, the book) (sometimes The Holy Bible, Scripture, is the name used by Jews and Christians for their differing (and overlapping) canons of sacred texts. ... The Quran [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran, Turkish Kuran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...


Atheists, rationalists and agnostics are generally seen as supporters of Humanism, though they may not always be - either through ignorance of it, apathy or even disagreement with some of its tenets. Atheism, in its broadest sense, is the absence of theism (the belief in the existence of deities). ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... Agnosticism is the philosophical and theological view that the existence of God, gods or deities is either unknown or inherently unknowable. ...


Modern and historical references

The endorsement of the capitalization of the word "Humanism" (and the dropping of any adjective such a "secular") is quite recent. The American Humanist Association began to adopt this view in 1973, and the IHEU formally endorsed this view in 1989. The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an American humanist group serving secular humanism, but tending to favor Humanism as defined by the world body for Humanism, the IHEU. Founded in 1941, the AHA has served its members by initiating social reforms and other programs. ... The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ...


Census information

Regarding the category of religion, many national censuses contentiously define Humanism as a further sub-category of the sub-category "No Religion", which typcially includes atheist, rationalist and agnostic beliefs. For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... The term agnosticism and the related agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869. ...


Strictly speaking, these are non-theistic beliefs. As such they could be sub-categories of religion only if - in accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on freedom of religion and beliefs - the main category of "Religion" means "Religion and (any) belief system". The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is a United Nations treaty based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created in 1966 and entered into force on 23 March 1976. ... The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen guarantees freedom of religion, as long as religious activities do not infringe on public order in ways detrimental to society. ... This article is currently under construction. ...


International law

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights endorses international human rights for Freedom of Religion and Belief. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris), outlining the organizations view on the human... The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen guarantees freedom of religion, as long as religious activities do not infringe on public order in ways detrimental to society. ...


In international law the freedom of religion and belief is also protected by Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). This protection extends to those professing belief in no religion which includes Humanist, Atheist, Rationalist and Agnostic beliefs. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is a United Nations treaty based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created in 1966 and entered into force on 23 March 1976. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... The term agnosticism and the related agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869. ...


Also relevant are the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CROC), the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief (aka Religion Declaration) and the International Labour Organisation Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention 1958. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international convention setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. ...


Thus the question of whether or not Humanism is a religion is no longer so relevant, as it is clearly a life stance (sometimes referred to as a belief system) and is now protected by the same international laws that protect freedom of religion, or other non-theistic beliefs (including the right to have no beliefs). Nontheism (or non-theism), broadly conceived, according to Caporale & Grumelli (1971) , is the absence of belief in both the existence and non-existence of a deity (or deities, or other numinous phenomena). ...


Notable Humanists

(See List of humanists for more) This is a partial list famous humanists, including both secular and religious humanists. ...


Notable Humanists include:

Phillip Adams Phillip Adams (born 1939) is an Australian broadcaster on the Radio National network of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), among many other things in his long and varied career. ... Steve Allen on the cover of Steve Allen on the Bible, Religion, and Morality Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American musician, comedian, and writer who was instrumental in innovating the concept of the television talk show. ... Dr. Isaac Asimov (c. ... Sir Arthur C. Clarke Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (born December 16, 1917) is a British author and inventor, most famous for his science-fiction novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, and for collaborating with director Stanley Kubrick on the film of the same name. ... Richard Dawkins Clinton Richard Dawkins DSc, FRS, FRSL (known as Richard Dawkins; born March 26, 1941) is an eminent British ethologist, evolutionary theorist, and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair in the Public Understanding of Science at Oxford University. ... Hon Gareth Evans Gareth John Evans (born 5 September 1944), Australian politician, served as Attorney-General and Foreign Minister of Australia during the Hawke-Keating Labor governments. ... Richard Phillips Feynman (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) (surname pronounced FINE-man; in IPA) was an influential American physicist known for expanding greatly on the theory of quantum electrodynamics, quark theory, and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium. ... Dr Tim Flannery (1956 - ) is a well-known Australian biologist, mammologist and paleontologist also famous for his best-selling non-fiction books including The Future Eaters and Throwim Way Leg. ... E. M. Forster as a young man in about 1905 Edward Morgan Forster (January 1, 1879 - June 7, 1970) was an English novelist, short story writer, and essayist. ... What I Believe is an essay by E.M. Forster in which he outlines his creed as a secular humanist. ... // Early life William George Hayden AC (born 23 January 1933), Australian politician and 21st Governor-General of Australia, was born in Brisbane, Queensland, the son of an American-born sailor of Irish descent. ... Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, FRS (June 22, 1887 – February 14, 1975) was a English biologist, author, Humanist and internationalist, known for his popularisations of science in books and lectures. ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and an influential Founder of the United States. ... Paul Kurtz (born February 12, 1926 in Newark, New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), but is best known for prominent role in the American skeptical community. ... Philip Nitschke (b. ... Philip Pullman Philip Pullman CBE (born October 19, 1946), is a British writer, educated at Exeter College, Oxford, who is the best-selling author of the His Dark Materials trilogy of fantasy novels and a number of other books, purportedly for children, but attracting increasing attention by adult readers. ... Gene Roddenberry, the creator of Star Trek Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American scriptwriter and producer. ... Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, and mathematician, working mostly in the 20th century. ... Dr. Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, astrobiologist, and highly successful science popularizer. ... Michael Shermer (born 1954) is a science writer, historian of science, founder of The Skeptics Society, and editor of its magazine Skeptic, which is largely devoted to investigating pseudoscientific and supernatural claims. ... Peter Albert David Singer (born July 6, 1946 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia) is an Australian Humanist and philosopher. ... Barbara Smoker Barbara Smoker (born 1923) is a British humanist activist and freethought advocate. ... Kurt Vonnegut Kurt Vonnegut Jr. ... Ibn Warraq is a scholar (he studied under Montgomery Watt and the bestselling author of several books on Islam. ... Robyn Williams is an Australian science journalist and radio broadcaster who has been interviewer and host of the Science Show on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation since 1975, Ockhams Razor (created 1984) and In Conversation (created 1997). ... Edward O. Wilson Edward Osborne Wilson was born June 10, 1929 in Birmingham, Alabama (USA). ...

Humanist manifestos and declarations

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) at the 50th anniversary World Humanist Congress in 2002. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an American humanist group serving secular humanism, but tending to favor Humanism as defined by the world body for Humanism, the IHEU. Founded in 1941, the AHA has served its members by initiating social reforms and other programs. ... The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ...

See also

Humanist and related organizations

The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an American humanist group serving secular humanism, but tending to favor Humanism as defined by the world body for Humanism, the IHEU. Founded in 1941, the AHA has served its members by initiating social reforms and other programs. ... The British Humanist Association is an organisation of the United Kingdom which promotes humanism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Campus Freethought Alliance is an organization started by the Council for Secular Humanism in 1996 in order to reach out to university and high school students. ... <drini ☎> 14:27, 15 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, or CSICOP, is a U.S. organization founded to encourage the critical investigation of paranormal and fringe-science claims from a responsible, scientific point of view and disseminate factual information about the results of such inquiries to the scientific... The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) regards itself as the only exclusively secular humanist organization in the USA. In 1980 CODESH issued A Secular Humanist Declaration. ... The Council of Australian Humanist Societies or CAHS is the national umbrella organisation for all Australian Humanist organisations. ... The Ethical Culture Movement is a non-sectarian, ethico-religious and educational movement. ... Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations (FIRA)is an umbrella body of about 65 rationalist, atheist, skeptic, secularist and science organisations in India. ... The Freedom From Religion Foundation is an American Freethought organization based in Madison, Wisconsin. ... American Atheist logo. ... The Humanist Association of Canada (HAC) is a Canadian secular humanist organization which provides guidance to individuals who do not feel the need for religious beliefs in their life [1]. // History The Humanist Association of Canada was founded in 1968, with Dr. Henry Morgentaler as its first president. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Internet Infidels, Inc. ... The NCSEs logo The National Center for Science Education (NCSE) is a non-profit organization affiliated with the American Association for the Advancement of Science. ... New Zealand Association of Rationalists and Humanists is an organisation, established in 1927 in New Zealand for the promotion of rationalism and humanism. ... Quackwatch is a website operated by Quackwatch, Inc. ... The Skeptics Society is a nonprofit organization devoted to promoting scientific skepticism and resisting the spread of pseudoscience, superstition, and irrational beliefs. ... Founded in May of 2000, The Secular Student Alliance (SSA) is the only independent, democratically structured organization in the U.S. that serves the needs of secular high school and college students--be it providing advice for campus group leaders, or creating community for isolated secular students. ... Internet Infidels, Inc. ... The World Transhumanist Association is an international non-profit organization membership organization which advocates the ethical use of technology to enhance human capacities. ...

Related philosophies

Comparative religion is a field of religious studies that analyzes interpretive differences of common themes and ideas among the worlds religions. ... In philosophy, the term empiricism is used to describe a set of philosophical positions that emphasize the role of experience. ... Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus (c. ... Extropianism, also referred to as extropy is a philosophical viewpoint within transhumanism, and is defined by a set of principles developed by Dr. Max More: The Principles of Extropy. ... It has been suggested that Freethinking be merged into this article or section. ... Humanism is a broad category of active ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities—particularly rationalism. ... Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice and specifically rejects rituals and ceremonies as a means to affirm a life stance. ... Naturalism is any of several philosophical stances, typically those descended from materialism and pragmatism, that reject the validity of explanations or theories making use of entities inaccessible to natural science. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Religious humanism, is an integration of religious rituals with humanistic philosophy that centers on human needs, interests, and abilities. ... Secularity is the state of being free from religious or spiritual qualities. ... Natasha Vita-Mores Primo Posthuman Transhumanism (sometimes abbreviated >H or H+) is an international intellectual and cultural movement supporting the use of new sciences and technologies to enhance human physical and cognitive abilities and ameliorate what it regards as undesirable and unnecessary aspects of the human condition, such as...

Other

The following is a list of countries recognizing an official religion. ...

Footnote

  1.   in Harvard Magazine December 2005 p 33.

External links

Corliss Lamont (March 28, 1902 – April 26, 1995), was a humanist philosopher and civil liberties advocate. ...

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