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Encyclopedia > Human rights in Taiwan

The human rights record of Taiwan is generally held to have experienced significant transformation over the last two decades. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


The Republic of China, which Taiwan is administered by, is a multiparty democracy. The 2000 presidential victory of Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) candidate Chen Shui-bian followed more than 50 years of rule by the Kuomintang (KMT) and marked the first transition from one political party to another in Taiwan's history, reported by a Government Information Office website as the "first ever in Chinese history" [1]. This followed gradual democratic reforms since the 1980s and 1990s: notably martial law was lifted in 1987 and the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion were repealed in 1991. The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国, Wades-Giles: Chung¹-hua² Min²-kuo², Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Pe̍h-oÄ“-jÄ«: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok) is the state that currently exercises sovereignty... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ... The Election for the 10th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China (第十任中華民國總統、副總統選舉), the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan and the 10th under the 1947 Constitution, were held on March 18, 2000. ... DPP Flag The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) (Chinese: 民主進步黨; abbrev. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... The flag of the Kuomintang, consists of a twelve ray sun (originating from the twelve traditional Chinese hours of the day) to symbolize the spirit of progress. ... The 1980s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1980 and 1989. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining a similar mindset. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Taiwan residents can change their government through elections and are held to enjoy most basic rights, according to a 2004 Freedom House report. [2] Freedom House rates Taiwan as "Free", with a 2 in Political Rights and a 1 in Civil Liberties (scale of 1-7, with 1 being the highest). This represents a significant improvement, as the 1973 rating was 6,5, rising to 2,1 by 2000. For much of the history of the Kuomintang regime on Taiwan, from the retreat from the mainland in 1949 until the 1970s and 80s, the state was highly autocratic and varying degrees of repression of political and civil rights existed. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Freedom House is a partly government-funded American pressure group in the Wilsonian tradition, which advocates the global spread of democracy, and sees it as the historical task of the United States to further this goal. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The flag of the Kuomintang, consists of a twelve ray sun (originating from the twelve traditional Chinese hours of the day) to symbolize the spirit of progress. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The 1980s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1980 and 1989. ... ... A repressed memory, according to some theories of psychology, a memory (often traumatic) of an event or environment which is stored by the unconscious mind but outside the awareness of the conscious mind. ...


Some of the autocracy in early Nationalist Taiwan reflects a continuation of the political attitudes of the Republic of China (ROC) in the early decades after its founding in 1912. Many ROC leaders, following the thought of Sun Yat-sen, held it necessary to maintain strong centralized control, including a militarized regime, during the early part of the regime's history, feeling the populace "not ready" for full democracy. Political repression was heavy during the early Kuomintang-Republic of China period in the mainland under Chiang Kai-shek, who would retreat to Taiwan following the Chinese Civil War. Additionally, the history of Taiwan, in terms of political situation and human rights, displays multiple similarities with that of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Between the end of World War II and the 1980s, a similar degree of autocracy and centralization existed, followed by eventual democratization by two states. Both Taiwan and South Korea went on to become leading economic players in Asia, part of the Asian Tigers, and both are now recognized as relatively free societies with successful human rights developments in most areas. 1912 was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 – March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary leader who had a significant role in the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty. ... The Chinese Civil War (Traditional Chinese: 國共内戰; Simplified Chinese: 国共内战; pinyin: ; literally Nationalist-Communist Civil War) was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ... The 1980s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1980 and 1989. ... The East Asian Tigers, sometimes also referred to as Asias Four Little Dragons, referred to the economies of Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea, and industrialization between the early 1960s and 1990s. ...


It also is interesting to examine Taiwan's history in light of the Asian values debate, which holds that the political and cultural traditions of Asia justify a certain degree of autocratic rule, which is also necessary for the rapid economic development of society. These ideas was prevalent among many important leaders in Malaysia, Singapore, and elsewhere with seemingly Western-style democratic Constitutions coupled with authoritarian one-party rule, in the 1990s. Moreover, some in mainland China, including Peking University scholar Pan Wei, feel the most effective and appropriate political structure for the Chinese people is a relatively centralized state under rule of law, with some degree of popular consulation. Asian values was a concept that came into vogue in the 1990s, predicated on the belief in the existence in Asian countries of a unique set of institutions and political ideologies which reflected the regions culture and history. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining a similar mindset. ... Peking University 博学审问慎思明辨 Peking University or Beijing University (Simplified Chinese: 北京大学; Traditional Chinese: 北京大學; pinyin: ), colloquially known as Beida (Simplified Chinese: 北大; Pinyin: ). Established in 1898, it is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China. ...


National police and security agencies are under effective civilian control. The police occasionally committed human rights abuses. Taiwan residents generally enjoyed a high standard of living and an relatively equitable income distribution. The government generally respected the human rights of citizens; however, there were problems in some areas. Instances of police abuse of persons in custody, official corruption, violence and discrimination against women, child prostitution and abuse, and trafficking in women and children occurred. National police are the primary source of law enforcement activities in some countries, such as Italy, France and Japan, and are organised on a national basis. ... Security is being free from danger. ... The Standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people. ... The Lorenz curve was developed by Max O. Lorenz in 1905 as a graphical representation of income distribution. ... Police brutality is a term used to describe the excessive use of physical force, assault, and verbal attacks and threats by police officers. ... Child custody and guardianship are the legal terms used to describe the legal and practical relationship between a parent and child, including e. ... Violence refers to acts —typically connotative with aggressive and criminal behaviour —which intend to cause or is causing of injury to persons, animals, or (in limited cases) property. ... Sexism is discrimination between people based on their Sex rather than their individual merits. ... The Optional protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography to the Convention on the Rights of the Child states that the prostitution of children or child prostitution is the practice whereby a child is used by others for sexual activities in return for remuneration or any... Child abuse is the physical or psychological maltreatment of a child by an adult or adults. ... Trafficking in human beings (or human trafficking) involves the movement of people (mostly women and children) against their will by means of force for the purpose of sexual or labor exploitation. ...


In recent years, Taiwan's laws have focused on combatting sexual discrimination, granting greater accomodation to conscientious objectors (Taiwan has obligatory national service), and upholding cultural and linguistic pluralism.[3] In 2001, the Republic of China Ministry of Justice issued a draft version of the Basic Law On The Guarantees of Human Rights. [4] For significant periods of Taiwan's history, both before and after 1949, when the Republic of China regime fled to Taiwan from the mainland, linguistic and cultural rights for minorities or non-power holding groups were often repressed. For example, Taiwanese (or any other non-Mandarin dialect spoken by the Taiwanese) was forbidden to be used in the mass media. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Justice Minister is a cabinet position in a government. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Taiwanese (Chinese: 台語, 台灣話 or 福佬話; Taiwanese Pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân-oē or Hō-ló-oē; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiyǔ or Táiwānhuà) is the primary spoken language of 70% of the Taiwanese population. ... Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore. ...


See also

During the 228 Incident, a crowd of angry people gathered in downtown Taipei. ...

External links


Human Rights in East Asia

China (PRC) | Japan | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC)2
1. Special Administrative Regions of the PRC: Hong Kong | Macau
2. See also: political status of Taiwan
Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The situation of human rights in East Asia varies between the regions countries, which differ in history and political orientation, as well as between contexts within in each country. ... The situation of human rights in the Peoples Republic of China has been criticized by various sources, including other nations - particularly Western democracies - as well as international organizations, as being poor in many respects. ... Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is a controversy over whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of Taiwan. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Human rights in Taiwan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (761 words)
Taiwan residents can change their government through elections and are held to enjoy most basic rights, according to a 2004 Freedom House report.
For much of the history of the Kuomintang regime on Taiwan, from the retreat from the mainland in 1949 until the 1970s and 80s, the state was highly autocratic and varying degrees of repression of political and civil rights existed.
Both Taiwan and South Korea went on to become leading economic players in Asia, part of the Asian Tigers, and both are now recognized as relatively free societies with successful human rights developments in most areas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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