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Encyclopedia > Human rights in Finland
Finland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Finland
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Finland. ... Finland has a primarily parliamentary system, although the president also has some notable powers. ...



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Human rights in Finland are protected by extensive domestic safeguards, in addition to the country's active membership in most international human rights treaties. The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Tarja Kaarina Halonen (IPA: ) (born December 24, 1943, in Helsinki, Finland) is the President of Finland. ... The Prime Minister (Finnish Pääministeri, Swedish: Statsminister) is the head of government in Finland. ... Matti Taneli Vanhanen (born November 4, 1955, in Jyväskylä) is the current Prime Minister of Finland, Chairman of the Centre Party, and President of the European Union. ... The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Finland (in Finnish Ulkoasiainministeri, in Swedish Utrikesminister) handles Finlands Foreign affairs. ... Erkki Tuomioja (born 1 July 1946) is the foreign affairs minister of Finland (since 2000). ... The Eduskunta (in Finnish), or the Riksdag (in Swedish), is the Parliament of Finland. ... The Council of State (Finnish: Valtioneuvosto, Swedish: StatsrÃ¥det) is Finlands cabinet; it directs the Government of Finland. ... Politics of Finland See also [[List of political parties in Åland|political parties in Åland]]. Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Finland | Finnish politics ... Eduskunta election in 1945 was held from March 17 to 18, 1945. ... The 2003 Finnish parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 16 March 2003, with the aim of determining the composition of the Finnish parliament, or Eduskunta, for the parliamentary period between 2003 and 2007. ... The next Finnish general election is scheduled to be held on March 18, 2007[1]. Early voting is possible from 7th to 13th of March. ... The 2006 Finnish Presidential election saw the reelection of Tarja Halonen as President of Finland for a second six-year term. ... 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... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Finland on June 13, 2004. ... Political parties in Finland lists political parties in Finland. ... Finland consists of 6 provinces (Finnish: läänit, Swedish: län). ... The municipalities (kunta in Finnish, kommun in Swedish) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental administrative units of the country. ... Finland’s basic foreign policy goal, from the end of the Continuation War with the U.S.S.R. in 1944 until 1991, was to avoid great-power conflicts and to build mutual confidence with the Soviet Union. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... International human rights instruments can be classified into two categories: declarations, adopted by bodies such as the United Nations General Assembly, which are not legally binding although they may be politically so; and conventions, which are legally binding instruments concluded under international law. ...


Areas of continuing interest to international agencies that monitor human rights include:

  1. Mandatory options of civilian or military service are of unequal duration: civilian service 13 months, or one month longer than the longest rank-and-file service (drivers, commissioned and non-commissioned officers), 12 months, and 4 months longer than the average service in army, 8 months.
  2. Conscientious objectors to both military and civilian service are jailed. There are about 10-20 conscientious objectors every year. Most are in minimum security, open facilities.
  3. Charges of racist/xenophobic treatment of ethnic minorities by officials, and that refugees are hand-picked by the Ministry of the Interior on basis of country of origin citing "security reasons".
  4. A case in which agitated asylum seekers were drugged, for extradition.
  5. Unfair court action in the light of the verdicts of the European Court of Human Rights.

Civilian Service is service to a government made as a Civilian, particularly such service as an option for pacifists who object to military service. ... Military service is service in an army or other military organisation, whether as a chosen job or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription). ... A conscientious objector is an individual whose personal beliefs are incompatible with military service, or sometimes with any role in the armed forces. ... 1. ... Xenophobia means fear of strangers or the unknown and comes from the Greek ξενοφοβια, xenophobia, literally meaning fear of the strange. It is often used to describe fear of or dislike of foreigners, but racism in general is sometimes described as a... In sociology and in voting theory, a minority is a sub-group that is outnumbered by persons who do not belong to it. ... Power lines leading to a trash dump hover just overhead in El Carpio, a Nicaraguan refugee camp in Costa Rica Under international law, a refugee is a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her... Extradition is the official process by which one nation or state requests and obtains from another nation or state the surrender of a suspected or convicted criminal. ... European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints against States Parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by...

See also

Development of gay rights in Finland: 1889 Homosexuality was a crime in the new penal code and punishable by at most two years in prison. ...

External links

U.S. State Department Annual Reports Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) comprising a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights.[1] Founded in the UK in 1961, AI compares actual practices of human rights with internationally accepted standards and demands compliance where these... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... This map reflects the findings of Freedom Houses 2006 survey Freedom in the World, concerning the state of world freedom in 2005. ... International Press Institute (IPI) is a global organisation dedicated to the promotion and protection of press freedom and the improvement of journalism practices. ... The Ã…bo Akademi University is a Swedish language university, founded in 1918 in Turku (Ã…bo in Swedish), Finland. ... The International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX), founded in 1992, is a global network of more than 60 Non-governmental organisation that promotes and defends the right to freedom of expression. ...


 
 

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