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Encyclopedia > Human leg

In common usage, a human leg is the lower limb of the body, extending from the hip to the ankle, and including the thigh, the knee, and the cnemis.[1] The largest bone in the human body, the femur, is in the leg. Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) under the family Hominidae (the great apes). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Limb in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... Bones of the Hip In anatomy, the hip is the bony projection of the femur, known as the greater trochanter, and the overlying muscle and fat. ... Grays Fig. ... Diagram of the human thigh bone In humans the thigh is the area between the pelvis and buttocks and the knee. ... For other uses, see Knee (disambiguation). ... The Cnemis is the section of the human leg located between the knee and the ankle. ... The femur or thigh bone is the longest, most voluminous, and strongest bone of the human body. ...

Contents

Terminology

In human anatomical terms, the leg is the part of the lower limb[2] that lies between the knee and the ankle.[3][4] This article generally follows the common usage. Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy. ... Look up Limb in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The leg from the knee to the ankle is called the cnemis (nee'mis) or crus[5]. The calf is the back portion and the shin is the front. The Cnemis is the section of the human leg located between the knee and the ankle. ... Crus (Latin for leg, plural is crura) can refer to: crus of diaphragm crus cerebri crus of clitoris crus of penis crura of superficial inguinal ring Category: ... Cattle calf A Calf (plural calves) is the young of an animal. ... Shin may refer to: Look up shin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Legs are often used metaphorically in many cultures to indicate either strength or mobility. The supporting columns of an object may be referred to as legs as well, as in chair legs. Typical Western wooden chair A chair is a piece of furniture for sitting, consisting of a seat, a back, and sometimes arm rests, commonly for use by one person. ...


Function and cultural aspects

Legs are often used for standing, walking, jumping, running, kicking, and similar activities, and are a significant portion of a person's mass. In law, standing or locus standi is the ability of a party to demonstrate to the court sufficient connection to and harm from the law or action challenged. ... An animated demonstration of a six-legged insect walking. ... kevlar is a dinasor Jumping bottlenose dolphin A person jumping on a trampoline Two participants in a game of leapfrog A handballplayer jumping towards the goal Jumping is an ability that most humans and many animals share to some degree. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kicker redirects here. ...


Adolescent and adult females in many Western cultures often remove the hair from their legs. Toned, tanned, shaved legs are sometimes perceived as a sign of youthfulness and are often considered attractive in these cultures. Shaven female legs Leg shaving is the practice of removing leg hair using a razor. ...


Anatomy

Long bones of the lower limb

The femur or thigh bone is the longest, most voluminous, and strongest bone of the human body. ... The patella or kneecap is a thick, triangular bone which articulates with the femur and covers and protects the front of the knee joint. ... This article is about the vertebrate bone. ... For other uses see fibula (disambiguation) The fibula or calf bone is a bone placed on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below. ...

Muscles of the human lower limb

Muscles of the thigh

Anterior compartment of the thigh

Medial compartment of the thigh ... The Vastus lateralis muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The vastus medialis is the muscle that brings the kneecap inward, holding it in the position it should be. ... The Vastus intermedius muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Rectus femoris muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... Grays FIG. 430– Muscles of the iliac and anterior femoral regions. ... The Tensor fasciae latae (singular: Tensor fasciae lata) are muscles of the thigh. ...

Posterior compartment of the thigh The Adductor longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Adductor brevis muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Adductor magnus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Gracilis muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The pectineus muscle is a muscle in the inner thigh, by the femur. ...

The biceps femoris, as its name implies, has two heads. ... The Semimembranosus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Semitendinosus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ...

Muscles of the cnemis

The anterior compartment The popliteus muscle in the leg is used to unlock the knee by laterally rotating the femur on the tibia. ...

The posterior compartment The tibialis anterior is a muscle in the anterior of the shin. ... The Extensor digitorum longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The extensor hallucis longus is a muscle in the human leg and foot. ... The fibularis tertius (also known as peroneus tertius) is a muscle of the human body located in the lower limb. ...

The deep posterior compartment The gastrocnemius is a powerful superficial muscle that is in the back part of the lower leg (the calf). ... The calcaneus is the large bone making up the heel of the human foot. ... Posterior view of the foot and leg, showing the Achilles tendon (tendo calcaneus). ... Plantaris is one of the superficial muscles of the posterior crural compartment of the leg. ... The soleus muscle and surrounding structures, from Grays Anatomy. ...

The lateral compartment The Tibialis posterior is the most central of all the leg muscles. ... The Flexor digitorum longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The Flexor hallucis longus muscle is a muscle of the human body. ...

The muscle peroneus longus (also known as fibularis longus) is a superficial muscle in the human leg, and acts to evert and plantar flex the ankle. ... The Fibularis brevis (or Peronæus brevis) lies under cover of the Peronæus longus, and is a shorter and smaller muscle. ...

Vasculature of the leg

The arteries

Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, anterior view. ... The profunda femoris (also known as the deep femoral artery, or the deep artery of the thigh) is a branch of the femoral artery that, as its name suggests, travels more deeply (posteriorly) than the rest of the femoral artery. ... Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, anterior view. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Tibial arteries can refer to: Anterior tibial artery Posterior tibial artery Category: ... Anterior tibial artery and the muscles and bones of the leg - anterior view of right leg. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... In anatomy, the fibular artery (also known as the peroneal artery) is a branch of posterior tibial artery that carries blood into the lateral compartment of the leg. ... The arcuate artery of the foot (metatarsal artery) arises a little anterior to the lateral tarsal artery; it passes lateralward, over the bases of the metatarsal bones, beneath the tendons of the Extensor digitorum brevis, its direction being influenced by its point of origin; and its anastomoses with the lateral...

The veins

The great (also called greater) saphenous vein is the large subcutaneous vein of the leg and thigh. ... Small saphenous vein and its tributaries. ... Grays Fig. ... The politeal vein parrallels the popliteal artery but carries the blood from the knee joint and muscles in the thigh and calf back to the heart. ... In human anatomy, the anterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the anterior compartment of the leg to the popliteal vein which is forms when it joins with the posterior tibial vein. ... In anatomy, the posterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the posterior compartment and plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein which is forms when it joins with the anterior tibial vein. ... In anatomy, the fibular veins (also known as the peroneal veins) are accompanying veins (venae comitantes) of the fibular artery. ...

See also

Distraction osteogenesis, also called callus distraction[1], callotasis[1], is a surgical process used for the reconstruction of skeletal deformities and for the lengthening of bones (as limb lengthening or particularly leg lengthening when referred to the lower limbs). ...

Additional images

References

  1. ^ MW Dictionary leg
  2. ^ Dorlands/Elsevier l_10/12493851
  3. ^ Dictionary at eMedicine leg
  4. ^ Dorlands/Elsevier l_06/12482031
  5. ^ Dorlands/Elsevier c_64/12267973

Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... Elseviers logo. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Elseviers logo. ... Elseviers logo. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Human leg Summary (751 words)
In common usage, a human leg is the lower limb of the body, extending from the hip to the ankle, and including the thigh, the knee, and the cnemis.
In human anatomical terms, the leg is the part of the lower limb that lies between the knee and the ankle.
Legs are often used for standing, walking, jumping, running, and similar activities, and are a significant portion of a person's mass.
Human Leg (247 words)
In common usage, a human leg is the lower limb of the body, extending from the hip to the ankle, and including the thigh, the knee, and the cnemis.
In human anatomical terms, the '''leg''' is the part of the lower limb that lies between the knee and the ankle.
Legs are used for standing, walking, jumping, running, and similar activities, and are a significant portion of a person's mass.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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