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Encyclopedia > Human Rights Watch
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Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. Its headquarters is in New York City. Image File history File links Human_Rights_Watch_banner. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization which is not a part of a government. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Nickname: Big Apple; City that never Sleeps; Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ...

Contents

Profile

Human Rights Watch produces research reports on violations of international human rights norms as set out by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other internationally-accepted human rights norms. This is intended to draw international attention to abuses and to put pressure on governments and international organizations to reform. Researchers conduct fact-finding missions to investigate suspect situations and generate coverage in local and international media. Issues raised by Human Rights Watch in its reports include social and gender discrimination, torture, military use of children, political corruption, and abuses in criminal justice systems. Human Rights Watch documents and reports violations of the laws of war and international humanitarian law. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris), outlining the organizations view on the human rights guaranteed to all people. ... The word discrimination comes from the Latin discriminare, which means to distinguish between. Discrimination is more than distinction, it is action based on prejudice resulting in unfair treatment of people. ... For other uses, see Torture (disambiguation). ... April 20, 1945. ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate, usually secret, private gain. ... Criminal justice refers to the system used by government to maintain social control, enforce laws, and administer justice. ... War is an excellent way of political leaders to let off some steam. ...


Human Rights Watch was founded under the name Helsinki Watch in 1978 to monitor the former Soviet Union's compliance with the Helsinki Accords. As the organization grew, it formed other "watch committees" to cover other regions of the world. In 1988, all of the committees were united under one umbrella to form Human Rights Watch. One of the original founders and a president of the organization was Robert L. Bernstein. Helsinki Watch was an independent NGO created in mid-1970s to monitor compliance to the Helsinki Accords (signed 1975). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Helsinki Accords is the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe held in Helsinki in 1975 between the United States and Canada, the Soviet Union and the countries of Europe, including Turkey but not Albania and Andorra. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert L. Bernstein was the chief executive of Random House for more than a quarter century. ...


Human Rights Watch was one of six international NGOs that founded the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers in 1998. It is also the co-chair of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, a global coalition of civil society groups that successfully lobbied to introduce the Ottawa Convention, a treaty that prohibits the use of anti-personnel landmines. The Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers was formed in June 1998 to advocate for the adoption of, and adherence to, national, regional and international legal standards (including an Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child) prohibiting the military recruitment and use in hostilities... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is a coalition of non-governmental organizations whose goal is to abolish the production and use of anti-personnel mines. ...


Each year, Human Rights Watch gives grants to writers worldwide who are in financial need and who they consider to have been victims of persecution. The Hellman/Hammett grants are financed by the estate of the playwright Lillian Hellman in funds set up in her name and that of her long-time companion, the novelist Dashiell Hammett. In addition to providing financial assistance, the Hellman/Hammett grants attempt to raise awareness of censorship [1]. Lillian Hellman Lillian Florence Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American playwright, romantically involved for thirty years with mystery and crime writer Dashiell Hammett. ... Samuel Dashiell Hammett (May 27, 1894 – January 10, 1961) was an American author of hard-boiled detective novels and short stories. ...


Pursuant to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Human Rights Watch opposes violations of basic human rights, including the death penalty and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Human Rights Watch advocates freedoms in connection with fundamental human rights, such as freedom of religion and the press. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris), outlining the organizations view on the human rights guaranteed to all people. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... It has been suggested that Religious toleration be merged into this article or section. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ...


Human Rights Watch is a founding member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange, a global network of non-governmental organizations that monitor censorship worldwide. International Freedom of Expression eXchange. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization which is not a part of a government. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Human Rights Watch has 233 paid staff, and a budget of US$26 million a year. [2]


The current executive director of Human Rights Watch is Kenneth Roth. He has held this position since 1993. Roth is a graduate of Yale Law School and Brown University. His father fled Nazi Germany in 1938. Roth started working on human rights after the declaration of martial law in Poland in 1981, and later became engaged in Haiti issues. [3]


Issues and campaigns

Small arms captured in Fallujah, Iraq by the US Marine Corps in 2004 The term small arms generally describes any number of smaller infantry weapons, such as firearms that an individual soldier can carry. ... A landmine is a type of mine which is placed onto or into the ground and explodes when triggered by a vehicle or person. ... The morality and legality of abortion are controversial topics. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... ryan castiel ... Cluster bomb exploding A cluster bomb is an air-dropped bomb that ejects multiple small submunitions (bomblets). ... // Child labor or labour is the employment of children under an age determined by law or custom. ... The military use of children refers to children being placed in harms way in military actions, the desire being to protect a location or provide propaganda. ... Street children, street kids or street urchins are homeless children who live on the street – in particular, those that are not taken care of by parents or other adults. ... Look up Genocide in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For other uses, see Torture (disambiguation). ... Extrajudicial execution and extrajudicial punishment are terms to describe death sentences and other types of punishment, respectively, executed without prior proper judicial procedure. ... Look up abduction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In logic, abduction is a method of reasoning; see abductive reasoning. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy, usually for a tort. ... A poster from the Canadian Department of Justice Trafficking in human beings is the commercial trade (smuggling) of human beings, who are subjected to involuntary acts such as begging, sexual exploitation (eg. ...

Recent

Human Rights Watch made recent headlines by criticizing the Jordanian government for arresting elected officials who praised Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the head of Al Qaeda in Iraq, at ceremonies held in response to his death. Human Rights Watch also spoke out against the mass killings and government-imposed famines during the last decade of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's rule [4]. Anthem: عاش المليك As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni  (transliteration)1 Long live the King Capital (and largest city) Amman Arabic Government Constitutional monarchy  - King Abdullah II  - Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit Independence from the League of Nations mandate administered by the United Kingdom   - Date 25 May 1946  Area  - Total 89,342... Wikinews has news related to: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi killed in airstrike Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (Arabic: ‎, ) (October 20, 1966 – June 7, 2006) was the leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, a militant group in Iraq. ... Jamaat al-Tawhid wal Jihad members with Shosei Koda and with the banner in the background Jamaat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad (Arabic: , Monotheism and Holy War Movement) is the Islamist terrorist network of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian-born Islamist terrorist believed operating against United States-led... This article deals with mass killings which are not considered genocide. ... A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majidida al-Tikriti (Arabic: ‎ [1]; born April 28, 1937[2]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979 until April 9, 2003, when he was deposed during the United States-led 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... This article includes an overview from prehistory to the present in the region of the current state of Iraq in Mesopotamia. ...


Publications

Human Rights Watch publishes reports on several topics [5] and compiles annual reports ("World Report") presenting an overview of the worldwide state of human rights.


Human Rights Watch has published extensively on the Rwandan Genocide of 1994 [6] and the conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo [7]. I LOVE PENIS YES I DO The Rwandan Genocide (French: Génocide au Rwanda) was the massacre of an estimated 800,000 to 1,071,000 ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus in Rwanda, mostly carried out by two extremist Hutu militia groups, the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi, during a period...


Comparison with Amnesty International

Human Rights Watch is much smaller than Amnesty International. It is US-based, whereas Amnesty is UK-based. Human Rights Watch's main products are its crisis-directed research and lengthy reports, whereas Amnesty focuses on mass letter-writing campaigns, adopting individuals as "prisoners of conscience" and lobbying for their release. Human Rights Watch will openly lobby for specific actions for other governments to take against human rights offenders, including naming specific individuals for arrest, or for sanctions to be levied against certain countries, recently calling for punitive sanctions against the top leaders in Sudan who have overseen a killing campaign in Darfur.


Its documentations of human rights abuses often include extensive analyses of the political and historical backgrounds of the conflicts concerned, some of which have been published in academic journals. AI's reports, on the other hand, tend to contain less analysis, and instead focus on specific abuses of rights.


Criticisms

The organisation has been criticised for perceived "Western and pro-homosexual", "anti-India" and "anti-Israel" bias. According the a report in the Egyptian press, "the government often accuses human rights groups [including Human Rights Watch] of importing a Western agenda that offends local religious and cultural values."[8] Yatindra Bhatnagar, chief editor of "International Opinion", has criticized Human Rights Watch representatives and those of related organizations of having an anti-India bias with regards to their reports of communal riots in India between Hindus and Muslims, particularly in reference to the 2002 Gujarat violence.[9] Human Rights Watch has been criticised as having an anti-Israel bias by the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America[10] , the Anti-Defamation League[11], Honest Reporting[12], and NGO Monitor[13] among others. Human Rights Watch, a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights, has been criticised by some countries and organisations for its reporting. ... Anti-Zionism is a term used to describe several different political and religious points of view. ... The Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA) is a non-profit, tax-exempt, media watchdog group based in Boston that mostly addresses media coverage of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict it considers unfair to Israel. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Honest Reporting is a media watchdog group that monitors and reports anti-Israel bias. ... NGO Monitor (Non-governmental organization monitor) is a project with the stated aim of monitoring non-governmental organizations operating in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza. ...


See also

Amnesty International symbol Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) comprising a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights.[1] Essentially it compares actual practices of human rights with internationally accepted standards and demands compliance where these have not... Democracy Watch (International) is a service organization founded in 2003, based out of Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA with offices in the Washington D.C., area. ... Helsinki Committees for Human Rights exist in many European countries (the OSCE region) as volunteer, non-profit organizations devoted to human rights and presumably named after the Helsinki Accords. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Human rights violation. ... International Freedom of Expression eXchange. ... This map reflects the findings of Freedom Houses 2006 survey Freedom in the World, concerning the state of world freedom in 2005. ...

References

  1. ^ Hellman-Hammett Grants,Human Rights Watch
  2. ^ Financial statement,Human Rights Watch
  3. ^ Kenneth Roth Bio,Human Rights Watch
  4. ^ Middle east and North Africa,Human Rights Watch
  5. ^ Publications,Human Rights Watch
  6. ^ Rwandan genocide report,Human Rights Watch
  7. ^ Congo report,Human Rights Watch
  8. ^ http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2004/680/eg9.htm Not just the Queen Boat: HRW is asking the Egyptian government to stop persecuting homosexuals and commit to reform]
  9. ^ Hours of Anti-India, Anti-Hindutva Rhetoric at “Indian” Muslim Meet, bu Yatindra Bhatnagar,International Opinion.
  10. ^ What is Human Rights Watch's Agenda?,camera.org
  11. ^ Anatomy of Anti-Israel Incitement: Jenin,Anti-Defamation League
  12. ^ Human Rights Watch and Saeb Erekat lack objectivity,honestreporting.com
  13. ^ Comparative analysis of HRW Activities,NGO-monitor.org
  • Neier, Aryeh (2006) "The Attack on Human Rights Watch", New York Review of Books, 53(17) November 2, 2006, accessed 20 October 2006.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Human Rights Watch: Permissions: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) (2713 words)
HRW publications are covered by the Creative Commons License allowing for limited use of HRW publications provided the work is properly credited to HRW, it is for non-commercial use and it is not used for derivative works.
HRW reserves the right to review the translated document for accuracy, and approval of the translation will be a condition of permitting the desired use.
HRW materials are covered by the Creative Commons License which allows for limited electronic reproduction of our documents.
CNN.com - Human Rights Watch: Suicide bombers 'war criminals' - Nov. 1, 2002 (1063 words)
Human Rights Watch also said the Palestinian Authority and its president, Yasser Arafat, have failed to do all they can to stop suicide attacks or bring the perpetrators to justice, thus contributing to "an atmosphere of impunity" for such crimes.
Human Rights Watch called on all Palestinian armed groups to halt their attacks on civilians "immediately and unconditionally," and urged the Palestinian Authority to make sure those responsible for such attacks are brought to justice.
Human Rights Watch based its report, "Erased in a Moment: Suicide Bombing Attacks against Israeli Civilians," on interviews with P.A. officials and members of the armed groups, and P.A. internal documents it said were made public by Israel.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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