FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Human Development Index

This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDI's see HDI (disambiguation) HDI, a three-letter abbreviation, may represent: Human Development Index, a United Nations statistic Help Desk Institute, a trade association Hexamethylene diisocyanate, an organic compound used to make polymers, e. ...

Sustainable development Portal
World map indicating Human Development Index (2007).      High      Medium      Low      2007 N/A (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems.
World map indicating Human Development Index (2007).
     High      Medium      Low      2007 N/A
(Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is the measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standard of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to determine and indicate whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life.[1] Image File history File links Sustainable_development. ... Image File history File links UN_Human_Development_Report_2007_(1). ... Image File history File links UN_Human_Development_Report_2007_(1). ... Image File history File links UN_Human_Development_Report_2007_(1)_CBC.svg‎ Source Adapted from Image:HDI 2006 Results Standardized Coloring Scheme. ... This article is about the measure of remaining life. ... The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. ... The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these services and goods are distributed within a population. ... The well-being or quality of life of a population is an important concern in economics and political science. ... Welfare economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to simultaneously determine the allocational efficiency of a macroeconomy and the income distribution associated with it. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ...  High human development Medium human development Low human development Unavailable (colour-blind compliant map)   Developing countries not listed as least developed countries or as newly industrialized countries, in their respective articles. ...


The index was developed in 1990 by Indian Nobel prize winner Amartya Sen, Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, with help from Gustav Ranis of Yale University and Lord Meghnad Desai of the London School of Economics and has been used since then by the United Nations Development Programme in its annual Human Development Report. Described by Sen as a "vulgar measure", because of its limitations, it nonetheless focuses attention on wider aspects of development than the per capita income measure it supplanted, and is a pathway for researchers into the wide variety of more detailed measures contained in the Human Development Reports. Amartya Kumar Sen CH (Hon) (Bengali: Ômorto Kumar Shen) (born 3 November 1933), is an Indian economist, philosopher, and a winner of the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (Nobel Prize for Economics) in 1998, for his contributions to welfare economics for his work on famine, human development theory... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... Mahbub ul Haq (February 22, 1934 - July 16, 1998) was an influential Pakistani economist. ... Yale redirects here. ... Professor Lord Meghnad Desai of St. ... Mascot: Beaver Affiliations: University of London Russell Group EUA ACU CEMS APSIA Universities UK U8 Golden Triangle G5 Group Website: http://www. ... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


The HDI measures the average achievements in a country in three basic dimensions of human development:

Each year, UN member states are listed and ranked according to these measures. Those high on the list often advertise it,[2] as a means of attracting talented immigrants (economically, individual capital) or discouraging emigration. This article is about the measure of remaining life. ... The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. ... The gross enrollment ratio (GER) or gross enrollment index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector. ... This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ... The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their purchasing power. ... USD redirects here. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... Individual capital comprises inalienable or personal traits of persons, tied to their bodies and available only through their own free will, such as skill, creativity, enterprise, courage, capacity for moral example, non-communicable wisdom, invention or empathy, non-transferable personal trust and leadership. ...


An alternative measure, focusing on the amount of poverty in a country, is the Human Poverty Index. The Human Poverty Index is an indication of the standard of living in a country, developed by the United Nations (UN). ...

Contents

Methodology

HDI trends between 1975 and 2004      OECD      Central and eastern Europe, and the CIS      Latin America and the Caribbean      East Asia      Arab States      South Asia      Sub-Saharan Africa
HDI trends between 1975 and 2004
     OECD      Central and eastern Europe, and the CIS      Latin America and the Caribbean      East Asia      Arab States      South Asia      Sub-Saharan Africa

In general to transform a raw variable, say x, into a unit-free index between 0 and 1 (which allows different indices to be added together), the following formula is used: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ...  Member state  Associate member Headquarters Minsk, Belarus Working language Russian Type Commonwealth Membership 11 member states 1 associate member Leaders  -  Executive Secretary Sergei Lebedev Establishment December 21, 1991 Website http://cis. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... West Indies redirects here. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Arab world. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... A political map showing national divisions in relation to the ecological break (Sub-Saharan Africa in green) A geographical map of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south... In computer science and mathematics, a variable (pronounced ) (sometimes called an object or identifier in computer science) is a symbolic representation used to denote a quantity or expression. ... In economics and finance an index (for example a price index, a stockmarket index) is a benchmark of activity, performance or any evolution in general. ... In mathematics and in the sciences, a formula (plural: formulae, formulæ or formulas) is a concise way of expressing information symbolically (as in a mathematical or chemical formula), or a general relationship between quantities. ...

  • x-index = frac{x - minleft(xright)} {maxleft(xright)-minleft(xright)}

where minleft(xright) and maxleft(xright) are the lowest and highest values the variable x can attain, respectively. Local and global maxima and minima for cos(3Ï€x)/x, 0. ...


The Human Development Index (HDI) then represents the average of the following three general indices:

  • Life Expectancy Index = frac{LE - 25} {85-25}
  • Education Index = frac{2} {3} times ALI + frac{1} {3} times GEI
  • GDP Index = frac{logleft(GDPpcright) - logleft(100right)} {logleft(40000right) - logleft(100right)}

LE: Life expectancy at birth
ALR: Adult literacy rate (ages 15 and older)
CGER: Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary schools
GDPpc: GDP per capita at PPP in USD
The gross enrolment ratio (GER) or gross enrolment index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector. ... The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their purchasing power. ...


UNDP has created a technical note on the definition of the HDI (see links below).


Examples

Calculation examples of the indices.
Index Measure Minimum value Maximum value Formula
Longevity Life expectancy at birth (LE) 25 yrs 85 yrs L = frac{mathrm{LE}-25}{60}
Education Literacy rate (LR) 0% 100% E = frac{2mathrm{LR} + mathrm{CGER}}{3}
Combined gross enrolment ratio (CGER) 0% 100%
GDP GDP per capita (PPP) 100 USD
40,000 USD
G = frac{log_{10}mathrm{GDPpc}-2}{2mathrm{.}60206}

This article is about the measure of remaining life. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their purchasing power. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...

2007 report

Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2007)
     0.950 and over      0.900–0.949      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      under 0.350      N/A
(Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems.

The report for 2007 was launched in Brasilia, Brazil, on November 27, 2007. Its focus was on "Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world." [1] Most of the data used for the report are derived largely from 2005 or earlier, thus indicating an HDI for 2005. Not all UN member states choose to or are able to provide the necessary statistics. World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... Image File history File links UN_Human_Development_Report_2007_(2). ... Image File history File links UN_Human_Development_Report_2007_(2). ... Image File history File links UN_Human_Development_Report_2007_(2)_CBC.svg‎ Source Adapted from Image:HDImap spectrum2006. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Bras lia is the capital city of Brazil and is located in the center of the country in a federal district created in the state of Goi s. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... A map of UN member states and their dependent territories as recognized by the UN. Regions excluded: Antarctica (regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System), Vatican City (the Holy See is a UN observer), the Palestinian territories (Palestine, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, is a UN observer), and Western Sahara...


The report showed a small increase in world HDI in comparison with last year's report. This rise was fueled by a general improvement in the developing world, specially of the least developed countries group. This marked improvement at the bottom was offset with a decrease in HDI of high income countries. A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... Map of the Least Developed Countries as defined by the United Nations Least Developed Countries (LDCs or Fourth World countries) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. ...  High income  Upper-middle income  Lower-middle income  Low income A High income country is defined by the World Bank as a country with a Gross National Income per capita of $11,116 or more. ...


A HDI below 0.5 is considered to represent "low development". All 22 countries in that category are located in Africa. The highest-scoring Sub-Saharan countries, Gabon and South Africa, are ranked 119th and 121st, respectively. Nine countries departed from this category this year and joined the "medium development" group. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


A HDI of 0.8 or more is considered to represent "high development". This includes all developed countries, such as those in North America, Western Europe, Oceania, and Eastern Asia, as well as some developing countries in Eastern Europe, Central and South America, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and the oil-rich Arabian Peninsula. Seven countries were promoted to this category this year, leaving the "medium development" group: Belarus, Brazil, Libya, Macedonia, Russia and Saudi Arabia. A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... America is usually meant as either: the Americas, the lands of the Western hemisphere, usually subdivided into North America and South America the United States of America See also: Americas (terminology) and Use of the word American. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... West Indies redirects here. ... Arabia redirects here. ...


On the following table, green arrows ( ) represent an increase in ranking over the previous study, while red arrows ( ) represent a decrease in ranking. They are followed by the number of spaces they moved. Blue dashes ( ) represent a nation that did not move in the rankings since the previous study.
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ...


Top thirty countries (HDI range from 0.968 down to 0.894)

  1. Flag of Iceland Iceland 0.968 ( 1)
  2.  Norway 0.968 ( 1)
  3. Flag of Australia Australia 0.962 ( )
  4.  Canada 0.961 ( 2)
  5. Flag of Ireland Ireland 0.959 ( 1)
  6. Flag of Sweden Sweden 0.956 ( 1)
  7.  Switzerland 0.955 ( 2)
  8.  Japan 0.953 ( 1)
  9. Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 0.953 ( 1)
  10. Flag of France France 0.952 ( 6)
  1. Flag of Finland Finland 0.952 ( )
  2. Flag of the United States United States 0.951 ( 4)
  3. Flag of Spain Spain 0.949 ( 6)
  4. Flag of Denmark Denmark 0.949 ( 1)
  5. Flag of Austria Austria 0.948 ( 1)
  6. Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 0.946 ( 2)
  7. Flag of Belgium Belgium 0.946 ( 4)
  8. Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 0.944 ( 6)
  9. Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 0.943 ( 1)
  10. Flag of Italy Italy 0.941 ( 3)
  1. Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong 0.937 ( 1)
  2. Flag of Germany Germany 0.935 ( 1)
  3. Flag of Israel Israel 0.932 ( )
  4. Flag of Greece Greece 0.926 ( )
  5. Flag of Singapore Singapore 0.922 ( )
  6. Flag of South Korea South Korea 0.921 ( )
  7. Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 0.917 ( )
  8. Flag of Cyprus Cyprus 0.903 ( 1)
  9. Flag of Portugal Portugal 0.897 ( 1)
  10. Flag of Brunei Brunei 0.894 ( 4)

Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Straight_Line_Steady. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Red_Arrow_Down. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brunei. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Countries not included

The following United Nations member states are not ranked in the 2007 Human Development Index, for being unable or unwilling to provide the necessary data at the time of publication. UN and U.N. redirect here. ...

Africa
A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

Asia
Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

Europe
Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Oceania
Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liechtenstein. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Monaco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... Anthem Patriots of Micronesia Capital Palikir Largest city Weno Official languages English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese (at state or local level) Government Constitutional government1  -  President Joseph J. Urusemal Independence from US-administered UN Trusteeship   -  Date 3 November 1986  Area  -  Total 702 km² (188th) 271 sq mi... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuvalu. ...

Past top countries

The number one ranked country in each year of the index. Canada has been the highest ranked country ten times, followed by Norway, which stayed at the top six times. Japan has been ranked highest twice and Switzerland and Iceland once.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ...

References

  1. ^ Davies, A. and G. Quinlivan (2006), A Panel Data Analysis of the Impact of Trade on Human Development, Journal of Socioeconomics
  2. ^ Speech by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien to the National Forum.

See also

Sustainable development Portal

World map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2004). ...  High human development Medium human development Low human development Unavailable (colour-blind compliant map)   Developing countries not listed as least developed countries or as newly industrialized countries, in their respective articles. ... Map of the Least Developed Countries as defined by the United Nations Least Developed Countries (LDCs or Fourth World countries) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. ...  High income  Upper-middle income  Lower-middle income  Low income A High income country is defined by the World Bank as a country with a Gross National Income per capita of $11,116 or more. ... The category of newly-industrialized country (NIC) is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists. ... The Three Worlds theory is a theory developed by Mao Zedong that suggests that the world is politically and economically divided into three world. ... The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ... A map of countries often considered to have made up the Second World from the 1950s through to the 1980s. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... Fourth World may mean: Fourth World, a term most commonly used to collectively describe notably marginalised or oppressed groups, in particular indigenous peoples, living in Third or First World countries. ... A country is a geographical territory, both in the sense of nation (a cultural entity) and state (a political entity). ... Countries by nominal GDP. Source: IMF (2005) This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. ... Map of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita for the year 2006. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This is a list of countries of the world sorted by their Gross Domestic Product (PPP converted) per hour. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The Human Poverty Index is an indication of the standard of living in a country, developed by the United Nations (UN). ... Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population below national poverty line. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... World literacy rates by country, based on The World Factbook. ... Image File history File links Sustainable_development. ... Freedom House is a United States-based international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom and human rights. ... Graphical representation of the Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth distribution. ... The Gender-related Development Index (GDI) is an indication of the standard of living in a country, developed by the United Nations (UN). ... The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is a measure of womens opportunities in a country. ... The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate [1] populations of species from around the world. ... Gross National Happiness (GNH) is an attempt to define a standard of living in more holistic and psychological terms than Gross National Product. ... // The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is an index of human well-being and environmental impact, introduced by the new economics foundation (nef), in July 2006. ... The physical quality-of-life index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. ... The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) is a program of the United States of America which allows citizens of specific countries to travel to the US for tourism or business for up to 90 days without having to obtain a visa. ...

External links

  • Human Development Report Office
  • Human Development Report 2007/2008PDF (12.01 MiB)
  • Technical note explaining the definition of the HDIPDF (598 KiB)
  • List of countries by HDI at NationMaster.com
  • Human Development Map

  Results from FactBites:
 
«Beyond Economic Growth» ­ Chapter XV (741 words)
Note that the development diamonds for China and Ethiopia, and Russia and Turkey were constructed using indexes based on average indicators for two different groups of countries- low-income and lower-middle-income (see Figure 15.1).
The advantage of the human development index relative to the development diamond method is that it allows countries to be ranked in order of their achievements in human development.
The disadvantage of the human development index is that it does not allow us to judge the relative importance of its different components or to understand why a country's index changes over time- whether, for example, it happens because of a change in GNP per capita or because of a change in adult literacy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m