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Encyclopedia > Hula hoop
Children playing with hula hoops.
Children playing with hula hoops.
This article is about the hula hoop toy. For the subculture, see Hooping. For the snack food, see Hula Hoops.

The hula hoop is a toy hoop, usually made of plastic, that is twirled around the waist, limbs, or neck. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 681 pixel, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Own, Alan J Truhan. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 681 pixel, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Own, Alan J Truhan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A teddy bear A toy is an object used in play. ... A hoop is a circular band with a number of uses: Hoop rolling, an ancient game played with a hoop Hula hoop, a usually plastic hoop designed as a toy Hoop (rhythmic gymnastics), a gymnastic apparatus Hoops are also used in the popular sport basketball to shoot the ball into. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ...

Although the exact origins of hula hoops are unknown, children around the world have played with hoops, twirling, rolling and throwing them throughout history. Hula hoops generally measure approximately 28 inches in diameter. Traditional materials for hoops include willow, rattan (a flexible and strong vine), grapevines and stiff grasses. Today, they are often made of plastic tubing.[1] This article is about the Hawaiian dance. ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ...



Throughout history, the hula hoop has been used in various cultures for a number of purposes. In ancient Greece, citizens used the hula hoop as a form of exercise. In Egypt around 3,000 years ago, hoops made out of grape vines were propelled around the ground with sticks. Native Americans used hoops as a target for teaching accuracy for hunting. The word "hula" was added in the early 18th century as sailors who visited Hawaii noticed the similarity between hula dancing and tripping hoops. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the Hawaiian dance. ...

In 1957 the hula (also frequently spelled "hoola") hoop was reinvented by Richard Knerr and Arthur "Spud" Melin, founders of the Wham-O toy company. (The two had founded the company in a Los Angeles garage in 1948 to market the "Wham-O" slingshot, which was originally invented to shoot pieces of meat into the air, as a training device for falcons). The idea came from an Australian who had visited California who told Knerr and Melin about children twirling bamboo hoops around the waist in gym class. The new Hula Hoops were made possible by Marlex, a recently invented durable plastic. Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Wham-O Inc. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flying a Saker Falcon A Goshawk A Hobby Falconry or hawking is an art or sport which involves the use of trained raptors (birds of prey) to hunt or pursue game for humans. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... Marlex is a trademarked name for crystalline polypropylene and high-density polyethylene (HDPE). ...

Knerr and Medlin were unable to patent their vastly profitable "re-invention", as it had been in use for thousands of years; making the device out of a new material did not meet patent requirements of originality. They were largely able, however, to protect their invention by trademarking "Hula hoop".

After the hoop was released in 1958,Wham-O sold 25 million in the first four months and over 100 million in its first year. As the fad ran its course, Wham-O again struck lucky with the release of their Frisbee. Jan. ... For other uses, see FAD (disambiguation). ... Wham-O Inc. ... A Wham-O Professional Frisbee For the amusement ride, see Frisbee (ride). ...

To relaunch the Hula Hoop in the late 1960s, Wham-O staged a national competition in the US in conjunction with the National Parks & Recreation Network. The National Hula Hoop Contest (subsequently re-named the World Hula Hoop Championships) grew in scope from 500 U. S. cities in 1968 to over 2,000 cities in 1980, with 2 million participants. Competitors were judged on their performance of compulsory maneuvers (Knee Knocker, Stork, Hula Hop, Wrap the Mummy, Alley Oop) as well as freestyle routines set to music, establishing the roots of the contemporary freestyle Hula Hoop movement. Children playing with hula hoops. ... Wham-O Inc. ...

Winners of the national competitions during 1968 - 1980 were as follows:

  • 1968 - Marilou Jones;
  • 1969 - Melody Howe;
  • 1970 - Richard Low;
  • 1971 - Sandra Gaylord;
  • 1972 - David Williams;
  • 1973 - Lori Ray;
  • 1974 - DeAnn DeLuna;
  • 1975 - Mat Plendl;
  • 1976 - Joanne Barnes;
  • 1977 - Carl Cooke;
  • 1978 - Robert Lynn White;
  • 1979 - Mark Sforzini;
  • 1980 - Lori Hayes

In 1983 Wham-O re-launched the Hula Hoop in western Europe, 25 years after the original worldwide craze, with national competitions staged in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

World Records


An early duration record for the hula hoop was set by 8-year-old Mary Jane Freeze, who won a hooping endurance contest on 19 August 1976, by lasting 10 hours and 47 minutes. The current record is held by Roxann Rose of the USA, who went 90 hours between 2 April and 6 April 1987.[2] is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ...

Most Hula Hoops Twirled at Once

1. Jin Linlin 105 October 28, 2007 2. Alesya Goulevich 101 June 11, 2006 3. Kareena Oates 100 June 4, 2005 4. Alesya Goulevich 99 April 26, 2004 5. Yana Rodinova 95 April 8, 2003[3]

Hoop running

Records for running while twirling a hula hoop around the waist are:[2]

  • 100 m: 13.84 seconds, by Roman Schedler (Austria), 16 July 1994
  • 1 mile: 7:47, by Paul "Dizzy Hips" Blair (USA), date unknown
  • 10 km, men: 1:06:35, by Paul "Dizzy Hips" Blair (USA), date unknown
  • 10 km, women: 1 hour 43 minutes and 11 seconds, by Betty (Shurin) Hoops (USA), 30 May 2005 & listed in the Guinness World Records.

is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Other records

The record for the most hoops twirled simultaneously is 100, by Kareena Oates of Australia (4 June, 2005). The largest hoop successfully twirled was 13.88 meters (45.55 feet) in circumference, by Ashrita Furman of the USA (September, 2005). The record for simultaneous hula-hooping (minimum time: 2 minutes) is for 2,290 participants at Chung Cheng Stadium in Kaohsiung (Taiwan) on 28 October 2000.[2] is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ashrita Furman has set more than 160 official Guinness records over the past 25 years and currently holds 67 records, more than any other individual. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

In 2000, Roman Schedler spun a 53-pound tractor tire for 71 seconds at the 5th Saxonia Record Festival in Bregenz, Austria.[2]

In 2004, Stephanie Bush unofficially broke the world record at a family reunion spinning 102 hoops.

In 2005, in Brazil, twelve year old Thatiana Rocha Oleinik danced to popular music with 22 hula hoops on television.[4]

In 2006, 19 year old Ebony Stephens unofficially broke the world record, spinning 103 hoops simultaneously at Perry Bros. Circus during the Ballarat Agricultural Show. Unlike most record breakers, Ebony started with only 5 hoops,building up to 103 by catching hoops thrown to her. Ballarat is a city in regional Victoria, Australia, approximately 120 kilometres north-west of Melbourne, with a population of 84,000 people. ... The Grand Parade at the Sydney Royal Easter Show. ...

Today: Modern Hooping

Fire hooping
Fire hooping
Main article: Hooping

The past few years have seen the re-emergence of hula hooping, generally referred to as either "hoopdance" or simply "hooping" to distinguish it from the children's playform. An International Holiday World Hoop Day has become the hula hoop holiday celebrating the circle around the world. Every year, in numerical sequence starting from July 7, 2007 7-7-07 and continuing through December 12, 2012 12-12-12 hoopers dance in every city and country to raise money and donate hoops to others who can't afford them. Modern hula-hoopers can be found among fans of jambands like The String Cheese Incident and participants of Burning Man. Many modern hoopers make their own hoops out of polyethylene tubing. They are much larger and heavier than hoops of the 1950s. These hoops may be covered in a fabric or plastic tape to ease the amount of work in keeping a hoop twirling around the dancer, and can be very colorful. Some use glow-in-the dark, patterned, or sparkling tape, and others are produced with clear tubing and filled with plastic balls, glitter, or even water to produce visual or audio effects when used. LED technology has also been introduced in the past few years allowing hoops to light up at the flick of a switch. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The term jam band describes bands, often psychedelic rock bands, whose concerts largely consist of improvisational music, such as those of The Grateful Dead, Phish, Allman Brothers Band, the Disco Biscuits, Cream, Widespread Panic, Wishbone Ash, moe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The event is named after its Saturday night ritual, the burning of a wooden effigy. ... External links LEd Category: TeX ...

During the recent revitalization of the hula hoop, its uses have been extended to serve as an implement for fitness. A multitude of websites have spawned as a result of this revival. Many of which provide links to hooping clubs located throughout the United States, online retailers from which to buy specialized hula hoops and information on workout routines.

Within the past few years, some hoopers have taken up fire hooping, in which spokes are set into the outside of the hoop and tipped with kevlar wicks which are soaked in fuel and lit on fire. Kevlars molecular structure; BOLD: monomer unit; DASHED: hydrogen bonds. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ...

Popular Culture

From Circus Smirkus performance 2006
From Circus Smirkus performance 2006

The hula hoop emerged in the world of circus in the 1960s. Russian and Chinese artists took the hula hoop to extremes. These influenced contemporary circus artists like Australian circus comedienne and hula hoop historian Judith Lanigan, who performs the Dying Swan — "a tragedy with hula hoops" — using 30 hula hoops. The Cirque du Soleil shows "Alegria" and "Zumanity" feature hula hoop acts involving contortion. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (727x1024, 378 KB) Summary Hula hoop moment from Circus Smirkus performance 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (727x1024, 378 KB) Summary Hula hoop moment from Circus Smirkus performance 2006. ... Circus Smirkus is a circus based in Greensboro, Vermont. ... Cirque du Soleil (French for Circus of the Sun) is an entertainment empire based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and founded in Baie-Saint-Paul in 1984 by two former street performers, Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier. ...

  • A fictionalized version of the invention of the Hula Hoop is the core of the story of the Coen Brothers' 1994 film The Hudsucker Proxy, where it is referred to as (among other things) an "Extruded Plastic Dingus".

Hula hoops are referenced in the Chipmunks song, Christmas Don't Be Late. Wayout Toys, under licence to Emson, introduced the Alvin Hula Hoop Doll, which dances with his hula hoop and sings the song based on wanting his hula hoop. Wham-O Inc. ... William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. ... We Didnt Start the Fire is a song by Billy Joel that makes reference to a catalog of headline events during his lifetime, from March 1949 to 1989, when the song was released on his album Storm Front. ... Joel and Ethan Coen, known as The Coen Brothers, are Oscar-winning American filmmakers. ... The Hudsucker Proxy (1994) is a screwball comedy film directed by Joel and Ethan Coen, telling a fictitious story about the rise and fall of a naive executive and the invention of the hula hoop. ...

Mat Plendl, a 25 year old actor, who is considered to be the world's best hula hooper has appeared three times on The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson. He has become a regular performer at the half time shows of National Basketball Association games. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other persons named John Carson, see John Carson (disambiguation). ...

Quoting Dan Roddick, director of sports promotion at Wham-O, "There is no other product that gives me as much fear and respect for the power of mass culture as the hula hoop."[5] Wham-O Inc. ...

External links

  • World Hoop Day is a charity that gives hula hoops to children in need. They also celebrate the circle with an international holiday every year. July 7, 2007 (777) started was the 1st, August 8, 2008 (888) is the 2nd, September 9, 2009 (999, October 10, 2010 (101010), November 11, 2011 (111111) and December 12, 2012 (121212).
  • Hyperloop Hoops is a community driven hooping site based in the UK.
  • iWebPlay.com is a website dedicated to hoop exercise for kids.
  • Hoopclass Hoops Promotes hooping for fitness.
  • Hooping.org Magazine is a hooping-oriented magazine website.
  • Bearclaw Manufacturing hooping instructional videos and the original producer of the fire hoop.
  • The Hooper's Compendious is a wiki to resource of hooping tricks
  • Hoopaholics Australia Australia's comprehensive hooping resource.
  • NPR: Hula Hooping Gets Groovy Again (audio podcast)
  • Betty Hoopsis the website for Betty Hoops, the holder of the Guinness World Record for ‘hula hooping – fastest 10 km."
  • Hoopadelic Hoopdance promotes hooping as a transformational life tool for well-being and self-empowerment, it is based in the US.
  • HeavyHoops Buy specialized Hula Hoops and find out about classes.
  • [1] Read workout tips involving Hula Hoops.
  • [2] Advantages of exercising with Hula Hoops.
  • [3] Discusses pros and cons of hooping as exercise, and includes simple workout tips.
  • [4] Workout routines, Hooping products, and assembly instructions for DIY kits.


  1. ^ http://www.madehow.com/Volume-6/Hula-Hoop.html
  2. ^ a b c d Hula Hoop World Records
  3. ^ http://www.recordholders.org/en/list/hulahoop.html
  4. ^ http://www.rankbrasil.com.br/2002/thaty/
  5. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE7DD1331F936A35750C0A96E948260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1

  Results from FactBites:
Hula Hoop Instructional Video (272 words)
At the age of eight, she was given her first Hula Hoop® by her grandmother, Mrs.
Lori entered various contests and championship tournaments throughout the U.S. She is the 1973 World Hula Hoop® champion and also possesses Guinness Books official world record in the 1975 edition for spinning 15 Hula Hoops simultaneously.
In the spring of 1999, she had an opportunity to go to Japan to promote the Hula Hoop® for Tsukuda Original Co., Ltd., a leading Japanese toy company.
  More results at FactBites »



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