FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
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Encyclopedia > Hukou

A hùkǒu (Chinese: 户口) or hùjí (Chinese: 戶籍) refers to residency permits (household registration) issued in mainland China (by the People's Republic of China) and Taiwan (by the Republic of China). A household registration record officially identifies a person as a resident of an area and includes identifying information such the name of the person, date of birth, the names of parents, and name of spouse, if married. A hukou can also refer to a family register in many contexts since the household registration record (戶籍謄本, hùjíténgběn) is issued per family, and usually includes the births, deaths, marriages, divorces, and moves, of all members in the family. A similar household registration system exists within the public administration structures of Japan (koseki), Vietnam (Hộ khẩu) and North Korea (Hojok). In South Korea the Hojok system was repealed in 2005 ... Today, the Republic of China is commonly known as Taiwan or Chinese Taipei. Not to be confused with the Peoples Republic of China. ... A family register (also known as any of several variations, such as household register, familienbuch, koseki ) is a registry used in many countries to track information of a genealogical or legal interest. ... A koseki (戸籍) is a family registry. ... The hojok, also known as the taepyongso (tae-pyong-so, big peace wind instrument), is a Korean wind instrument that falls into the oboe family. ... The hojok, also known as the taepyongso (tae-pyong-so, big peace wind instrument), is a Korean wind instrument that falls into the oboe family. ...

Contents

Residency permits in mainland China

Although a valid residency permit technically requires an individual to live in the area designated on his/her permit, in practice the system has largely broken down, and there are an estimated 150 to 200 million Chinese who are living outside their officially-registered areas. Persons without a residency permit have much less access to education and government services, and in several respects occupy a social and economic status similar to illegal immigrants in some other countries, such as the United States. Illegal Aliens is a 2006 movie featuring the late Anna Nicole Smith and Joanie Laurer. ...


Under the command economy in the PRC before the 1980s, a residency permit was required for any employment and to receive food and other essential consumer products. After Chinese market reforms, it became possible for some to unofficially migrate and get a job without a valid permit. Economic reforms also created pressures to encourage migration from the interior to the coast as well as provided incentives for officials not to enforce migration regulations. Until 2003, administration regulations known as custody and repatriation authorized police to detain and return persons to their permanent residency location, but this system was abolished after the public outcry due to the death of Sun Zhigang. A planned economy is an economic system in which economic decisions are made by centralized planners, who determine what sorts of goods and services to produce, and how they are to be priced and allocated. ... The 1980s refers to the years of and between 1980 and 1989. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Chinese Economic Reform (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) refers to the program of economic changes called Socialism with Chinese characteristics in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) that were started in 1978 by pragmatists within the Communist Party of China (CPC) led by Deng Xiaoping and are ongoing... Custody and repatriation was an administrative procedure established in 1982 by which the police in the Peoples Republic of China could detain non-residents and return them to their place of origin. ... Custody and repatriation (shourong qiansong) was an administrative procedure established in 1982 by which the police in the Peoples Republic of China could detain non-residents if they did not have a hukou and return them to their place of origin. ...


Reforming the residency system has been a very controversial topic within the PRC. Although the current system is widely regarded within the PRC as unfair and inhumane, the main problem with liberalization is that there are fears that it would result in a massive influx to the cities which would stress already strained government services beyond the breaking point, and result in further economic loss to rural areas.


Hukou is not employed in the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, though identification cards are mandatory for residents there. Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


Household registration in Taiwan

When Taiwan was under Japanese rule from 1895 to 1945, the Japanese government maintained the same system of household registration (koseki) as they did in other parts of the Empire of Japan. This system of household registration, with minor changes, has been continued. Records concerning native Taiwanese are fairly complete. Records of Mainlanders date back to the date they first applied for registration with the local household registration office, and are based on information provided by the applicant. Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Slogan: Fukoku Kyohei Enrich the Country, Strengthen the Military (a. ... Mainlanders are Chinese people who live, or were born, in mainland China as opposed to Hong Kong, Macao, Singapore, or Taiwan. ...


While all ROC nationals, including overseas Chinese with no connection to Taiwan, can apply for a ROC passport, proper household registration is required for obtaining a ROC National ID card, which is often used as proof of citizenship, such as in national elections, and an ID number is needed to open bank accounts. Unlike in mainland China, residency can be easily changed with the local authorities and household registration does not serve as a tool to limit a resident's movements within Taiwan. Languages various Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... Republic of China Passport Cover. ...


See also

Propiska (Russian: пропи́ска; the full term is Прописка по месту жительства, The record of place of residence) was a regulation in the Soviet Union designed to control internal population movement by binding a person to his or her permanent place of residence. ... An internal passport is an identification document issued in some countries. ... The REAL ID Act of 2005 is Division B of an act of the United States Congress entitled Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005, Pub. ...

External links

  • Visa Reciprocity and Country Documents Finder - Taiwan
  • SOUTH KOREA: Male-Oriented Family Registry System to Change in 2008
  • China rethinks peasant 'apartheid'

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hukou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (634 words)
A hukou can also refer to a family register in many contexts since the household registration record (戶籍謄本, hùjíténgběn) is issued per family, and usually maintains includes the births, deaths, marriages, divorces, and moves, of all members in the family.
Although the current system is widely regarded within the PRC as unfair and inhumane, the main problem with liberalization is that there are fears that it would result in a massive influx to the cities which would stress already strained government services beyond the breaking point, and result in further economic loss to rural areas.
Hukou is not employed in the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, though identification cards are mandatory for residents there.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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