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Encyclopedia > Hugh of Vermandois

Hugh of Vermandois (1053 - October 18, 1101), was son to King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev, and the younger brother of King Philip I of France. He was in his own right Count of Vermandois. He married Adele of Vermandois, the daughter of Herbert IV, Count of Valois and Adele of the Vexin. William of Tyre called him "Hugh Magnus", Hugh the Great, but he was an ineffectual leader and soldier, great only in his boasting. Indeed, Sir Steven Runciman is certain that "Magnus" is a copyist's error, and should be "minus", "the younger" (referring to Hugh as younger brother of the King of France). Events June 18 - Battle of Civitate - 3000 horsemen of Norman Count Humphrey rout the troops of Pope Leo IX Good harvests in Europe Malcolm Canmore invades Scotland. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ... Events A second wave of crusaders arrives in the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem, after being heavily defeated by Kilij Arslan I at Heraclia. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... Princess Anne of Kiev or Anna Yaroslavna (b. ... Philip I (French: Philippe Ier) (May 23, 1052 - July 29, 1108) was King of France. ... William of Tyre (c. ...


In early 1096 Hugh and Philip began discussing the First Crusade after news of the Council of Clermont reached them in Paris. Although Philip could not participate, as he had been excommunicated, Hugh was said to have been influenced to join the Crusade after an eclipse of the moon on February 11, 1096. Events Bernhard becomes Bishop of Brandenburg First documented teaching at the University of Oxford Beginning of the Peoples Crusade, the German Crusade, and the First Crusade Vital I Michele is Doge of Venice Peter I, King of Aragon, conquers Huesca Phayao, now a province of Thailand, is founded as... The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II to regain control of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land from Muslims. ... Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont, given a Late Gothic setting in this painting of c 1490 The Council of Clermont was a mixed synod of ecclesiastics and laymen of the Roman Catholic Church, which was held in November 1095 and triggered the First Crusade. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Excommunication is a religious censure which is used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community. ... An eclipse occurs whenever the Sun, Earth and Moon line up exactly. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


That summer Hugh's army left France for Italy, where they would cross the Adriatic Sea into territory of the Byzantine Empire, unlike the other Crusader armies who were travelling by land. On the way, many of the soldiers led by fellow Crusader Emich of Leiningen joined Hugh's army after Emich was defeated by the Hungarians, whose land he had been pillaging. Hugh crossed the Adriatic from Bari in southern Italy, but many of his ships were destroyed in a storm off the Byzantine port of Dyrrhachium. Hugh and most of his army was rescued and escorted to Constantinople, where they arrived in November of 1096. Prior to his arrival, Hugh sent an arrogant, insulting letter to Emperor Alexius I, demanding that Alexius meet with him: "Know, O King, that I am King of Kings, and superior to all, who are under the sky. You are now permitted to greet me, on my arrival, and to receive me with magnificence, as befits my nobility." Alexius was already wary of the armies about to arrive, after the unruly mob led by Peter the Hermit had passed through earlier in the year. Alexius kept Hugh in custody in a monastery until Hugh swore an oath of vassalage to him. The Adriatic Sea Source: NASA The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople. ... Count Emich of Leiningen (also spelled Leningen) (d. ... Region Apulia Mayor Michele Emiliano Area  116 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Density 316. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople. ... Durrës (Italian: Durazzo; see also different names) is the most ancient and one of the most economically important important cities of Albania. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus Alexius I (1048–August 15, 1118), Byzantine emperor (1081–1118), was the third son of John Comnenus, nephew of Isaac I Comnenus (emperor 1057–1059). ... The Peoples Crusade is part of the First Crusade and lasted roughly six months from April 1096 to October. ... Peter the Hermit preaching the First Crusade, as depicted in the 1851 Illustrated London Reading Book Peter the Hermit was a priest of Amiens, in France. ...


After the Crusaders had successfully made their way across Seljuk territory and, in 1098, captured Antioch, Hugh was sent back to Constantinople to appeal for reinforcements from Alexius. Alexius was uninterested, however, and Hugh, instead of returning to Antioch to help plan the siege of Jerusalem, went back to France. There he was scorned for not having fulfilled his vow as a Crusader to complete a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and Pope Paschal II threatened to excommunicate him. He joined the minor Crusade of 1101, but was wounded in battle with the Turks at Heraclea in June, and died of his wounds in October in Tarsus. The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق SaljÅ«q, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. ... Events First Crusade: end of the siege of Antioch. ... The Siege of Antioch took place during the First Crusade in 1097 and 1098. ... The Siege of Jerusalem took place from June 7 to July 15, 1099 during the First Crusade. ... Paschal II, né Ranierius (d. ... The Crusade of 1101 was a minor crusade, actually three separate movements, organized in 1100 and 1101 in the successful aftermath of the First Crusade. ... Heraclea was the name of a large number of ancient cities founded by the Greeks. ... Tarsus is a city in present day Turkey, on the mouth of the Tarsus Cay (Cydnus) into the Mediterranean. ...


Family

By his wife, Adele of Vermandois, Hugh had eight children:

  1. Count Raoul I of Vermandois
  2. Simon, Bishop of Noyon
  3. Isabella de Vermandois, married (1) Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester; (2) William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey
  4. Matilde de Vermandois, married Raoul I of Beaugency
  5. Constance de Vermandois, married Godefroy de la Ferte-Gaucher
  6. Agnes de Vermandois, married Bonifacio, Marchese del Vasto
  7. Beatrix de Vermandois, married Hugh III of Gournay-en-Bray
  8. Emma de Vermandois, married Ralph de Gael, 1st Earl of Norfolk

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hugh of Vermandois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (578 words)
Hugh of Vermandois (1053 October 18, 1101), was son to King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev, and the younger brother of King Philip I of France.
Hugh crossed the Adriatic from Bari in southern Italy, but many of his ships were destroyed in a storm off the Byzantine port of Dyrrhachium.
Hugh and most of his army was rescued and escorted to Constantinople, where they arrived in November of 1096.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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