FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
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Encyclopedia > Hugh Boulter
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Hugh Boulter

Hugh Boulter, (%20%20%20January%204%20is%20the%204th%20day%20of%20the%20year%20in%20the%20Gregorian%20Calendar.%20... January 4, %20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20England%2C%20France%2C%20Munster%20and%20Cologne%20invade%20the%20United%20Provinces%2C%20therefore%20this%20name%20is%20know%20as%20%5CxB4het%20rampjaar%5CxB4%20(the%20disaster%20year)%20in%20the%20Netherlands.%20... 1672%20%20%20September%2027%20is%20the%20270th%20day%20of%20the%20year%20(271st%20in%20leap%20years)%20in%20the%20Gregorian%20Calendar%2C%20with%2095%20days%20remaining.%20%20%20%20... September 27, %20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20January%2024%20-%20Charles%20VII%20Albert%20becomes%20Holy%20Roman%20Emperor.%20... 1742), was the %20%20%20The%20Church%20of%20Ireland%20which%20is%20part%20of%20the%20Anglican%20Communion%2C%20is%20the%20largest%20Protestant%20church%20on%20the%20island%20of%20Ireland%2C%20claims%20to%20be%20the%20most%20ancient%20Christian%20church%20within%20all%20Ireland%2C%20and%20is%20the%20second%20largest%20Protestant%20denomination%20in%20Northern%20Ireland.%20%20%20... Church of Ireland %20%20Primate%20of%20All%20Ireland%20is%20the%20title%20held%20by%20the%20Archbishop%20of%20Armagh.%20... Archbishop of Armagh, the Primate of All Ireland, from %20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20January%2014%20-%20King%20Philip%20V%20of%20Spain%20abdicates%20the%20throne%20February%2020%20-%20The%20premiere%20of%20Italian%20opera%20by%20George%20Frideric%20Handel%2C%20takes%20place%20in%20London%20June%2023%20-%20Treaty%20of%20Constantinople%20signed.%20... 1724 until his death. He also served as the chaplain to %20%20%20%20%20%20%20George%20I%20King%20of%20Great%20Britain%20and%20Ireland%20%20%20George%20I%20(George%20Ludwig%20von%20Guelph-d%5CEste)%20(28%20May%201660%26%238211%3B11%20June%201727)%20was%20Duke%20of%20Brunswick-L%5CxFCneburg%20(Hanover)%20from%2023%20January%201698%2C%20and%20King%20of%20Great%20Britain%20and%20King%20of%20Ireland%20from%201%20August%201714%2C%20until%20his%20death.%20He%20was%20also%20the%20Archbannerbearer%20(afterwards%20Archtreasurer)%20and%20a%20Prince%20Elector%20of%20the%20Holy%20Roman%20Empire.%20George%20I%2C%20the%20first%20Hanoverian%20monarch%20of%20Great%20Britain%20and%20Ireland%2C%20was%20not%20a%20fluent%20speaker%20of%20the%20English%20language%3B%20instead%2C%20he%20spoke%20his%20native%20German%2C%20and%20was%20for%20this%20ridiculed%20by%20his%20British%20subjects.%20During%20his%20reign%2C%20the%20powers%20of%20the%20monarchy%20found%20themselves%20diminished%3B%20the%20modern%20system%20of%20government%20by%20a%20Cabinet%20underwent%20development.%20During%20the%20later%20years%20of%20his%20reign%2C%20actual%20power%20was%20held%20by%20a%20de%20facto%20Prime%20Minister%2C%20Sir%20Robert%20Walpole.%20%20%20Early%20years%20George%20was%20born%20on%2028%20May%201660%20in%20Hanover%2C%20Germany.%20He%20was%20the%20eldest%20son%20of%20a%20German%20Prince%2C%20Ernst%20August%2C%20Duke%20of%20Brunswick-L%5CxFCneburg%2C%20and%20of%20his%20wife%2C%20Sophia.%20George%20was%20the%20heir-apparent%20to%20his%20father%5Cs%20vast%20German%20territory.%20In%201682%2C%20George%20married%20his%20first%20cousin%2C%20the%20Princess%20Sophia%20of%20Celle.%20After%20they%20had%20two%20children%2C%20George%20(in%201683)%20and%20Sophia%20Dorothea%20(in%201687)%2C%20the%20couple%20were%20estranged.%20George%20instead%20preferred%20his%20mistress%2C%20Ehrengard%20Melusine%20von%20der%20Schulenburg%2C%20whom%20he%20later%20created%20Duchess%20of%20Munster%20and%20Kendal%20in%20Great%20Britain%2C%20and%20by%20whom%20he%20had%20at%20least%20three%20illegitimate%20children.%20Sophia%2C%20meanwhile%2C%20had%20her%20own%20romantic%20connexion%20with%20the%20Swedish%20Count%20Philip%20Christoph%20von%20K%5CxF6nigsmarck.%20Threatened%20with%20the%20scandal%20of%20an%20elopement%2C%20the%20Hanoverian%20court%20ordered%20the%20lovers%20to%20desist.%20When%20they%20refused%2C%20George%20appears%20to%20have%20countenanced%20a%20plan%20to%20murder%20K%5CxF6nigsmarck.%20K%5CxF6nigsmarck%20was%20then%20killed%20in%20July%201694%2C%20and%20his%20body%20was%20then%20thrown%20into%20a%20river.%20The%20murder%20appears%20to%20have%20been%20committed%20by%20four%20of%20George%5Cs%20courtiers%2C%20one%20of%20whom%20is%20said%20to%20have%20been%20paid%20the%20great%20sum%20of%20150%2C000%20talers%20(about%20one%20hundred%20times%20the%20annual%20salary%20of%20the%20highest-paid%20minister).%20George%5Cs%20marriage%20to%20Sophia%20was%20dissolved%2C%20not%20on%20the%20grounds%20that%20either%20of%20them%20committed%20adultery%2C%20but%20on%20the%20grounds%20that%20Sophia%20had%20%5Cabandoned%5C%20her%20husband.%20With%20the%20agreement%20of%20his%20wife%5Cs%20father%2C%20George%20had%20Sophia%20imprisoned%20in%20the%20Castle%20of%20Ahlden%20in%20her%20native%20Celle.%20She%20was%20denied%20access%20to%20her%20children%20and%20her%20father%2C%20and%20forbidden%20to%20remarry.%20She%20was%2C%20however%2C%20endowed%20with%20an%20income%20for%20her%20servants%20and%20was%20allowed%20to%20ride%20in%20a%20carriage%20outside%20her%20castle%20(albeit%20under%20supervision).%20%20Early%20reign%20In%201698%2C%20Ernst%20August%20died%2C%20leaving%20all%20of%20his%20territories%20to%20George%2C%20with%20the%20exception%20of%20the%20Prince-Bishopric%20of%20Osnabr%5CxFCck.%20(The%20Prince-Bishopric%20was%20not%20an%20hereditary%20title%3B%20instead%2C%20it%20alternated%20between%20Protestant%20and%20Roman%20Catholic%20incumbents.)%20George%20thus%20became%20Duke%20of%20Brunswick-L%5CxFCneburg%2C%20and%20the%20Archbannerbearer%20and%20Prince-Elector%20of%20the%20Holy%20Roman%20Empire.%20His%20court%20in%20Hanover%20was%20graced%20by%20many%20cultural%20icons%2C%20such%20as%20the%20mathematician%20Gottfried%20Wilhelm%20von%20Leibniz%20and%20the%20composer%20Georg%20Friedrich%20H%5CxE4ndel.%20Shortly%20after%20George%5Cs%20accession%2C%20the%20Parliament%20of%20England%20passed%20the%20Act%20of%20Settlement%201701%2C%20whereunder%20George%5Cs%20mother%2C%20the%20Electress%20Sophia%2C%20was%20designated%20heir%20to%20the%20British%20Throne%20if%20the%20then-reigning%20monarch%20(William%20III)%20and%20his%20sister-in-law%20(the%20Princess%20Anne%20of%20Denmark)%20both%20died%20without%20issue.%20The%20succession%20was%20so%20designed%20because%20Sophia%20was%20the%20closest%20Protestant%20relative%20of%20the%20British%20Royal%20Family%3B%20numerous%20Catholics%20with%20superior%20hereditary%20claims%20had%20to%20be%20bypassed.%20In%20England%2C%20the%20Tories%20generally%20opposed%20allowing%20a%20foreigner%20to%20succeed%20to%20the%20Throne%2C%20whilst%20the%20Whigs%20supported%20the%20idea.%20George%20was%20reluctant%20to%20accept%20the%20English%20plan%2C%20but%20his%20Hanoverian%20advisors%20suggested%20that%20he%20should%20acquiesce%20so%20that%20his%20German%20possessions%20would%20become%20more%20secure.%20Shortly%20after%20George%5Cs%20accession%20in%20Hanover%2C%20the%20War%20of%20the%20Spanish%20Succession%20broke%20out.%20At%20issue%20was%20the%20right%20of%20Philip%2C%20the%20grandson%20of%20the%20French%20King%20Louis%20XIV%2C%20to%20succeed%20to%20the%20Spanish%20Throne%20under%20the%20terms%20of%20the%20will%20of%20the%20Spanish%20King%20Charles%20II.%20The%20Holy%20Roman%20Empire%2C%20the%20United%20Provinces%2C%20England%2C%20Hanover%20and%20many%20other%20German%20states%20opposed%20Philip%5Cs%20right%20to%20succeed%20because%20they%20feared%20that%20France%20would%20become%20too%20powerful%20if%20it%20also%20could%20control%20Spain.%20George%5Cs%20support%20for%20England%20may%20have%20conciliated%20many%20Englishmen%2C%20but%20it%20did%20not%20impress%20the%20people%20of%20Scotland.%20The%20English%20Parliament%20had%20settled%20on%20Sophia%2C%20Electress%20of%20Hanover%2C%20without%20consulting%20the%20Estates%20of%20Scotland%20(the%20Scottish%20Parliament).%20In%201703%2C%20the%20Estates%20passed%20a%20bill%2C%20under%20which%20they%20would%20elect%20Anne%5Cs%20successor%20from%20amongst%20the%20Protestant%20descendants%20of%20past%20Scottish%20monarchs.%20This%20successor%20could%20not%20be%20the%20same%20individual%20as%20the%20successor%20to%20the%20English%20Throne%2C%20unless%20numerous%20political%20and%20economic%20concessions%20were%20made%20by%20England.%20The%20Royal%20Assent%20was%20originally%20withheld%2C%20but%20the%20Estates%20refused%20to%20raise%20taxes%20and%20threatened%20to%20withdraw%20troops%20from%20the%20army%20fighting%20in%20the%20War%20of%20the%20Spanish%20Succession.%20In%201704%2C%20Anne%20capitulated%2C%20and%20her%20Royal%20Assent%20was%20granted%20to%20the%20bill%2C%20which%20became%20the%20Act%20of%20Security.%20Angered%2C%20the%20English%20Parliament%20passed%20several%20measures%20which%20restricted%20Anglo-Scottish%20trade%20and%20crippled%20the%20Scottish%20economy.%20In%201707%2C%20the%20Act%20of%20Union%20was%20passed%3B%20it%20united%20England%20and%20Scotland%20into%20a%20single%20nation%2C%20the%20Kingdom%20of%20Great%20Britain.%20The%20rules%20of%20succession%20established%20by%20the%20Act%20of%20Settlement%20were%20retained.%20The%20House%20of%20Hanover%20was%20not%20entirely%20acceptable%20to%20many%20Scotsmen%2C%20as%20would%20be%20later%20reflected%20by%20rebellions%20during%20George%20I%5Cs%20reign.%20In%201710%2C%20the%20Duke%20of%20Bavaria%20was%20degraded%20for%20defecting%20from%20the%20Imperial%20side%20to%20the%20French%20side%3B%20his%20dignity%20of%20Archtreasurer%20of%20the%20Empire%20was%20granted%20to%20George.%20In%20the%20same%20year%2C%20the%20Reichstag%2C%20or%20Imperial%20Assembly%2C%20formally%20confirmed%20George%5Cs%20position%20as%20a%20Prince-Elector.%20The%20War%20of%20the%20Spanish%20Succession%20would%20continue%201713%2C%20when%20it%20ended%20indecisively%20with%20the%20ratification%20of%20the%20Treaty%20of%20Utrecht.%20Philip%20was%20allowed%20to%20succeed%20to%20the%20Spanish%20Throne%2C%20but%20he%20was%20removed%20from%20the%20line%20of%20succession%20to%20the%20French%20Throne.%20%20Accession%20in%20Great%20Britain%20George%5Cs%20mother%2C%20the%20Electress%20Sophia%2C%20died%20only%20a%20few%20weeks%20before%20Anne%2C%20Queen%20of%20Great%20Britain.%20Pursuant%20to%20the%20Act%20of%20Union%201707%2C%20George%20became%20King%20of%20Great%20Britain%20when%20Anne%20died%20on%201%20August%201714.%20He%20did%20not%20arrive%20in%20Great%20Britain%20until%2018%20September%3B%20during%20his%20absence%2C%20the%20Lord%20Chief%20Justice%20of%20the%20King%5Cs%20Bench%20acted%20as%20a%20regent.%20He%20was%20crowned%20at%20Westminster%20Abbey%20on%2020%20October.%20Upon%20his%20accession%20in%20Britain%2C%20George%20established%20a%20firm%20practice%20relating%20to%20the%20dignity%20of%20Prince.%20Before%20the%20Hanoverians%2C%20the%20only%20princely%20dignities%20were%20those%20of%20Prince%20of%20Wales%20(customarily%20granted%20to%20the%20heir-apparent)%20and%20Princess%20Royal%20(customarily%20granted%20to%20the%20Sovereign%5Cs%20eldest%20daughter).%20The%20other%20members%20of%20the%20Royal%20Family%20were%20only%20entitled%20to%20the%20styles%20%5CLord%5C%20and%20%5CLady.%5C%20George%20I%2C%20however%2C%20was%20accustomed%20to%20the%20German%20practice%2C%20whereunder%20the%20princely%20dignity%20was%20more%20common.%20Consequently%2C%20the%20Sovereign%5Cs%20children%20and%20grandchildren%20in%20the%20male%20line%20became%20Princes%20and%20Princesses%20styled%20%5CRoyal%20Highness%2C%5C%20and%20great-grandchildren%20in%20the%20male%20line%20became%20Princes%20and%20Princesses%20styled%20%5CHighness%5C.%20George%20I%20primarily%20resided%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%3B%20II%20Azure%20three%20fleurs-de-lys%20Or%20(for%20France)%3B%20III%20Azure%20a%20harp%20Or%20stringed%20Argent%20(for%20Ireland)%3B%20IV%20tierced%20per%20pale%20and%20per%20chevron%20(for%20Hanover)%2C%20I%20Gules%20two%20lions%20passant%20guardant%20Or%20(for%20Brunswick)%2C%20II%20Or%20a%20semy%20of%20hearts%20Gules%20a%20lion%20rampant%20Azure%20(for%20L%5CxFCneburg)%2C%20III%20Gules%20a%20horse%20courant%20Argent%20(for%20Westfalen)%2C%20overall%20an%20escutcheon%20Gules%20charged%20with%20the%20crown%20of%20Charlemagne%20Or%20(for%20the%20dignity%20of%20Archtreasurer%20of%20the%20Holy%20Roman%20Empire).%20%20Issue%20%20%20See%20also%20%20List%20of%20British%20monarchs%20Succession%20to%20the%20British%20Throne%20%20%20References%20%20Brown%2C%20G.%20(2004).%20%5CGeorg%20I%20Ludwig.%5C%20%5CGeorge%20I.%5C%20(1911).%20Encyclop%5CxE6dia%20Britannica%2C%2011th%20ed.%20London%3A%20Cambridge%20University%20Press.%20%20%20%20%20Categories%3A%20House%20of%20Hanover%20%7C%20Knights%20of%20the%20Garter%20%7C%201660%20births%20%7C%201727%20deaths%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20... George I from %20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20January%2023%20-%20The%20Liechtenstein%20is%20created%20within%20the%20Holy%20Roman%20Empire%20April%2025%20-%20Daniel%20Defoe%20publishes%20Robinson%20Crusoe%20Prussia%20conducts%20Europe%5Cs%20first%20systematic%20census%20%20%20Ongoing%20events%20%20Great%20Northern%20War%20(1700-1721)%20%20%20Births%20%20November%2030%20-%20Augusta%20of%20Saxe-Gotha%2C%20later%20Princess%20of%20Wales.%20%20%20... 1719.


Boulter was born in %20%20%20%20%20%20London%20%26%238212%3B%20containing%20the%20City%20of%20London%20%26%238212%3B%20is%20the%20capital%20of%20the%20United%20Kingdom%20and%20of%20England%20and%20a%20major%20%5Cworld%20city%5C.%20With%20over%20seven%20million%20inhabitants%20(Londoners)%20in%20Greater%20London%20area%2C%20it%20is%20amongst%20the%20most%20densely%20populated%20areas%20in%20Western%20Europe.%20... London and was educated at Merchant Taylors' School before attending %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20Christ%20Church%2C%20Oxford%20-%20Wikipedia%20%2F**%2F%20%20%40import%20%5C%2Fskins%2Fmonobook%2FIE50Fixes.... Christ Church, Oxford. However, after only a year at Christ Church he transferred to %20%20%20%20%20%20Magdalen%20College%20(pronounced%20maudlin)%20is%20one%20of%20the%20constituent%20colleges%20of%20the%20University%20of%20Oxford%20in%20the%20United%20Kingdom.%20... Magalen College. After leaving the university in %20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20January%201%20-%20Russia%20accepts%20Julian%20calendar.%20... 1700 he served as a %20%20%20A%20chaplain%20is%20a%20priest%20or%20military%20unit%2C%20a%20private%20chapel%2C%20a%20ship%2C%20a%20prison%2C%20a%20hospital%2C%20a%20parliament%20and%20so%20on.%20... chaplain to several prominent individuals, including Sir Charles Hedges, the %20%20%20The%20Secretary%20of%20State%20for%20the%20Northern%20Department%20was%20a%20position%20in%20the%20Cabinet%20of%20the%20government%20of%20United%20Kingdom%20up%20to%201782.%20... Secretary of State for the North, and %20%20%20Thomas%20Tenison%20(September%2029%2C%201636-December%2014%2C%201715)%20was%20an%20English%20church%20leader%2C%20Archbishop%20of%20Canterbury%20from%201694%20until%20his%20death.%20... Thomas Tenison, the %20%20%20The%20Archbishop%20of%20Canterbury%20is%20the%20most%20senior%20bishop%20of%20the%20Church%20of%20England%20and%20of%20the%20worldwide%20Anglican%20Communion%2C%20outranking%20the%20other%20English%20archbishop%2C%20the%20Archbishop%20of%20York.%20... Archbishop of Canterbury, before being awarded his D.D. in %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20March%2023%20-%20James%20Francis%20Edward%20Stuart%20lands%20at%20the%20Firth%20of%20Forth%20Kandahar%20conquered%20by%20Mir%20Wais%20In%20Masuria%20one%20third%20of%20the%20population%20die%20during%20the%20plague%20September%2028%3A%20Peter%20the%20Great%20defeats%20the%20Swedes%20at%20the%20Battle%20of%20Lesnaya%20J.... 1708.


After spending seven years working as a %20%20%20The%20word%20rector%20(%5Cruler%2C%5C%20from%20the%20Latin%20regere)%20has%20a%20number%20of%20different%20meanings.%20%20... rector, Boulter was appointed as the %20%20%20An%20archdeacon%20is%20a%20position%20in%20Christian%20churches.%20... archdeacon of %20%20%20%20This%20is%20about%20Surrey%2C%20England.%20... Surrey in %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20September%201%20-%20King%20Louis%20XIV%20of%20France%20dies%20after%20a%20reign%20of%2072%20years%2C%20leaving%20the%20throne%20of%20his%20exhausted%20and%20indebted%20country%20to%20his%20great-grandson%20Louis%20XV.%20... 1715. In %20%20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20January%2023%20-%20The%20Liechtenstein%20is%20created%20within%20the%20Holy%20Roman%20Empire%20April%2025%20-%20Daniel%20Defoe%20publishes%20Robinson%20Crusoe%20Prussia%20conducts%20Europe%5Cs%20first%20systematic%20census%20%20%20Ongoing%20events%20%20Great%20Northern%20War%20(1700-1721)%20%20%20Births%20%20November%2030%20-%20Augusta%20of%20Saxe-Gotha%2C%20later%20Princess%20of%20Wales.%20%20%20... 1719 Boulter was announced as the successor to %20%20%20George%20Smalridge%20(1663%20-%20September%2027%2C%201719)%2C%20English%20bishop%2C%20was%20born%20at%20Lichfield%2C%20where%20he%20received%20his%20early%20education%2C%20this%20being%20completed%20at%20Westminster%20school%20and%20at%20Christ%20Church%2C%20Oxford.%20... George Smalridge as both the dean of Christ Church college and as the %20%20%20The%20Bishop%20of%20Bristol%20is%20the%20Ordinary%20of%20the%20Church%20of%20England%20Diocese%20of%20Bristol%20in%20the%20Province%20of%20Canterbury.%20... bishop of Bristol. Boulter was controversially offered the primacy of the Church of Ireland in %20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20January%2014%20-%20King%20Philip%20V%20of%20Spain%20abdicates%20the%20throne%20February%2020%20-%20The%20premiere%20of%20Italian%20opera%20by%20George%20Frideric%20Handel%2C%20takes%20place%20in%20London%20June%2023%20-%20Treaty%20of%20Constantinople%20signed.%20... 1724, %20%20%20William%20King%2C%20D.... William King, as %20%20Primate%20of%20Ireland%20is%20a%20title%20possessed%20by%20the%20Roman%20Catholic%20and%20Church%20of%20Ireland%20(Anglican)%20Archbishops%20of%20Dublin.%20... Archbishop of Dublin the natural successor to the title, being passed over due to his opposition to the Toleration Act. As Archbishop of Armagh Boulter was a keen supporter of the so-called English interest, the filling of top judicial, political, and eclesiastical posts in %20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20A%20true%20colour%20image%20of%20Ireland%2C%20captured%20by%20a%20%20%20NASA%20satellite%20on%20%20%20January%204%2C%20%20%202003.%20%20%20... Ireland with Englishmen in order to maintain English power in the country, a position that made him unpopular in Ireland.


Despite his staunch political allegiance to England, Boulter did attempt to do his best for the people of Ireland, although his actions were often viewed with suspicion by the people of Ireland, including %20%20%20%20%20%20%20Jonathan%20Swift%20%20%20Jonathan%20Swift%20(November%2030%2C%201667%20-%20October%2019%2C%201745)%20was%20an%20Anglo-Irish%20writer%20and%20satirist.%20... Jonathan Swift. When the harvest failed in %20%20%20%20%20For%20other%20uses%2C%20see%20number%201729.%20%20%20%20%20... 1729 in %20%20%20%20For%20other%20places%20and%20things%20named%20Ulster%2C%20see%20Ulster%20(disambiguation).%20%20%20... Ulster he bought food and supplied it to the region. He also opened a school in the country, as well as forcing through a bill that revalued the price of gold in %20%20%20%20%20Events%20%20April%2015%20-%20-%20Premiere%20in%20London%20of%20Serse%2C%20an%20Italian%20opera%20by%20George%20Frideric%20Handel.%20... 1738, to the benefit of the poor.


 
 

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