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Encyclopedia > Huey Long
Huey Long
Huey Long

In office
May 28, 1928 – January 25, 1932
Lieutenant Paul Narcisse Cyr
Preceded by Oramel H. Simpson
Succeeded by Alvin Olin King

In office
January 25, 1932 – August 30, 1935
Preceded by Joseph E. Ransdell
Succeeded by Rose McConnell Long

Born August 30, 1893(1893-08-30)
Winnfield, Louisiana
Died September 10, 1935 (aged 42)
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Political party Democratic
Spouse Rose McConnell Long
Profession Lawyer, U.S. Senator, Governor

Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician from the U.S. state of Louisiana. A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies. He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935. Though a backer of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 presidential election, Long split with Roosevelt in June 1933 and allegedly planned to mount his own presidential bid. Original image http://bioguide. ... List of Governors of Louisiana First French Era Sieur Sauvole de la Villantry 1699-1701 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne, Sieur de Bienville 1701-1713 Antonine de la Mothe Cadillac 1713-1716 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne 1716-1717 De lEpinay 1717-1718 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne 1718... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Office of Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana is the second highest state office in Louisiana. ... Paul Narcisse Cyr (September 9, 1878 - August 24, 1946) was the elected lieutenant governor in the Huey Pierce Long, Jr. ... Oramel H. Simpson became governor of the state of Louisiana upon the death of his predecessor, Henry L. Fuqua. ... Alvin Olin King (June 21, 1890 – 1958) was a Louisiana politician. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Joseph Eugene Ransdell (October 7, 1858 - July 27, 1954) was a United States Representative and Senator from Louisiana. ... Senate Photo Rose McConnell Long (April 8, 1892 – May 27, 1970) was a United States Senator and the wife of Huey Long. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Winnfield is a small city located in Winn Parish, Louisiana. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... For the Canadian restaurant, see Baton Rouge (restaurant). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Senate Photo Rose McConnell Long (April 8, 1892 – May 27, 1970) was a United States Senator and the wife of Huey Long. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The term Radical (latin radix meaning root) was used from the late 18th century for proponents of the Radical Movement and has since been used as a label in political science for those favouring or trying to produce thoroughgoing political reforms which can include changes to the social order to... Look up Populism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... List of Governors of Louisiana First French Era Sieur Sauvole de la Villantry 1699-1701 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne, Sieur de Bienville 1701-1713 Antonine de la Mothe Cadillac 1713-1716 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne 1716-1717 De lEpinay 1717-1718 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne 1718... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... FDR redirects here. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


Long created the Share Our Wealth program in 1934, with the motto "Every Man a King," proposing new wealth redistribution measures in the form of a net asset tax on large corporations and individuals of great wealth to curb the poverty and crime resulting from the Great Depression. He was an ardent critic of the Federal Reserve System. Share Our Wealth was a movement begun during the Great Depression by Huey Long, governor and later senator from Louisiana. ... Every Man A King is one of Louisianas state songs. ... Income redistribution, or the redistribution of wealth, is a political policy usually promoted by members of the political left, and opposed, or less strongly supported, by members of the political right. ... Because of the broad term wealth, property tax, capital transfer taxes (inheritance tax, gift tax) and capital gains taxes are sometimes referred to as wealth taxes. // Net worth tax Some countrys governments will require declaration of the tax payers balance sheet (assets and liabilities), and from that ask for... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Fed redirects here. ...


Charismatic and immensely popular for his social reform programs and willingness to take forceful action, Long was accused by his opponents of dictatorial tendencies for his near-total control of the state government. At the height of his popularity, the colorful and flamboyant Long was shot on September 8, 1935, at the Louisiana State Capitol in Baton Rouge; he died two days later at the age of 42. His last words were reportedly, "God, don't let me die. I have so much left to do." [1] Reform movement is a kind of social movement that aims to make a change in certain aspects of the society rather than fundamental changes. ... A dictator is an authoritarian, often totalitarian ruler (e. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Louisiana State Capitol The Louisiana State Capitol building is the capitol building of the state of Louisiana, located in Baton Rouge. ... For the Canadian restaurant, see Baton Rouge (restaurant). ...

Contents

Early life and legal career

Long was born on August 30, 1893, in Winnfield, the seat of Winn Parish, a rural community in the north-central part of the state. He was the son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr. (1852-1937), and the former Caledonia Palestine Tyson (1860-1913) of French descent, who was born near the Tyson Cemetery in Grant Parish. Long was the seventh of nine children in a farm-owning middle-class family. He attended local schools, where he was an excellent student and was said to have a photographic memory. In 1908, Long circulated a petition asking that the principal of Winn Parish be fired. He was then expelled from school. [2] After Long's mother died, his father remarried. is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Winnfield is a small city located in Winn Parish, Louisiana. ... Winn Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For a specific analysis of the population of France, see Demographics of France. ... Grant Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... Photographic memory or eidetic memory is the ability to recall images, sounds, or objects in memory with great accuracy and in seemingly unlimited volume. ...


Long won a debating scholarship to Louisiana State University, but he was unable to afford the textbooks required for attendance. Instead, he spent the next four years as a traveling salesman, selling books, canned goods and patent medicines, as well as working as an auctioneer. For other uses, see LSU. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, generally known as Louisiana State University or LSU, is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... The traveling salesman problem (TSP), also known as the traveling salesperson problem, is a problem in discrete or combinatorial optimization. ... For the American naval slang term, see destroyer. ... E.W. Kembles Deaths Laboratory in Colliers Magazine in 1906 Patent medicine is the somewhat misleading term given to various medical compounds sold under a variety of names and labels, though they were, for the most part, actually medicines with trademarks, not patented medicines. ... An auctioneer and her assistants scan the crowd for bidders An auction is the process of buying and selling things by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder. ...


In 1913, Huey Long married Rose McConnell. She was a stenographer who had won a baking contest which he promoted to sell "Cottolene," one of the most popular of the early vegetable shortenings to come on the market. The Longs had a daughter, also named Rose, and two sons, Russell and Palmer. Shorthand is a writing method that can be done at speed because an abbreviated or symbolic form of language is used. ... Russell Billiu Long Russell Billiu Long (November 3, 1918 – May 9, 2003) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat from Louisiana from 1948 until 1987. ...


When sales jobs grew scarce during World War I, Long attended seminary classes at Oklahoma Baptist University at the urging of his mother, a devout Baptist. However, he concluded he was not suited to preaching. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Oklahoma Baptist University is a Christian liberal arts university located in Shawnee, Oklahoma and owned by the Baptist General Convention of Oklahoma. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is...


Long briefly attended the University of Oklahoma School of Law in Norman, Oklahoma, and later Tulane University Law School in New Orleans. In 1915, he convinced a board to let him take the bar exam after only a year at Tulane. He passed and began private practice in Winnfield. Later in Shreveport he spent 10 years representing small plaintiffs against large businesses, including workers' compensation cases. He often said proudly that he never took a case against a poor man. The University of Oklahoma College of Law is the law unit at the University of Oklahoma in Norman. ... Norman, Oklahoma, is the county seat and largest city in Cleveland County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Tulane University Law School, established in 1847, is the 12th oldest law school in the United States. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... A bar examination is an series of tests conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given American examination usually consists of the following: complicated essay questions concerning that jurisdictions law; the Multistate Bar Examination, a standardized, nationwide examination containing generalized... Winnfield is a small city located in Winn Parish, Louisiana. ... : Port City , River City , Ratchet City : The Next Great City of the South United States Louisiana Caddo 117. ... Workers compensation (colloquially known as workers comp in North American English or compo in Australian English) provides insurance to cover medical care and compensation for employees who are injured in the course of employment, in exchange for mandatory relinquishment of the employees right to sue their employer for the...


Long won fame by taking on the powerful Standard Oil Company, which he sued for unfair business practices. Over the course of his career, Long continued to challenge Standard Oil's influence in state politics and charged the company with exploiting the state's vast oil and gas resources. Standard Oil was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ...


Political career and rise to power

In 1918 Long was elected to the Louisiana Railroad Commission at the age of twenty-five on an anti-Standard Oil platform. (The commission was renamed the Louisiana Public Service Commission in 1921.) His campaign for the Railroad Commission used techniques he would perfect later in his political career: heavy use of printed circulars and posters, an exhausting schedule of personal campaign stops throughout rural Louisiana, and vehement attacks on his opponents. He used his position on the commission to enhance his populist reputation as an opponent of large oil and utility companies, fighting against rate increases and pipeline monopolies. In the gubernatorial election of 1920, he campaigned prominently for John M. Parker, but later became his vocal opponent after the new governor proved to be insufficiently committed to reform; Long called Parker the “chattel” of the corporations. Louisiana Public Service Commission (LPSC) is an independent regulatory agency serving the public of Louisiana by managing its public utilities and motor carriers. ... Standard Oil was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ... Louisiana Public Service Commission (LPSC) is an independent regulatory agency serving the public of Louisiana by managing its public utilities and motor carriers. ... The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1920 was held on January 20, 1920. ... John Milliken Parker (also known as John M. Parker (1863-03-16 – 1939-05-20) was an American Democrat politician from Louisiana, who served as the states governor from 1920–1924. ...


As chairman of the Public Service Commission in 1922, Long won a lawsuit against the Cumberland Telephone Company for unfair rate increases, resulting in cash refunds of $440,000 to 80,000 overcharged customers. Long successfully argued the case on appeal before the U.S. Supreme Court, prompting Chief Justice William Howard Taft to describe Long as one of the best legal minds he had ever encountered. The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ... For other persons named William Howard Taft, see William Howard Taft (disambiguation). ...


Election of 1924

Long ran for governor of Louisiana in the election of 1924, attacking Parker, Standard Oil and the established political hierarchy both local and state-wide. In that campaign, he became one of the first Southern politicians to use radio addresses and sound trucks. Long also began wearing a distinctive white linen suit. He came in third, due perhaps in part to his unwillingness to take a stand either for or against the Ku Klux Klan, whose prominence in Louisiana had become the primary issue of the campaign. Long cited rain on election day as suppressing voter turnout in rural north Louisiana, where voters were unable to reach the polls on dirt roads that had turned to mud. Instead, he was reelected to the Public Service Commission. The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1924 was held in two rounds on January 15 and February 19, 1924. ... Standard Oil was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ...


Election of 1928

Long spent the intervening four years building his reputation and his political organization, including supporting Catholic candidates to build support in south Louisiana, which was heavily Catholic due to its French and Spanish heritage. In 1928 he again ran for governor, campaigning with the slogan, "Every man a king, but no one wears a crown," a phrase adopted from populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan. [3] Long's attacks on the utilities industry and corporate privileges were enormously popular, as was his depiction of the wealthy as "parasites" who grabbed more than their fair share of the public wealth while marginalizing the poor. The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1928 was held on January 17, 1928. ... Look up Populism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other persons of the same name, see William Bryan. ...


Long crisscrossed the state, campaigning in rural areas disfranchised by the New Orleans-based political establishment, known as the "Old Regulars." They controlled the state through alliances with sheriffs and other local officials. At the time, the entire state had roughly 500 km (300 miles) of paved roads and only three major bridges. The illiteracy rate was the highest in the nation (25 percent), as most families could not afford to purchase the textbooks required for their children to attend school. A poll tax hindered poor whites from voting. Together with selective application of literacy and understanding tests, however, African Americans had been effectively completely disfranchised since soon after the state legislature passed the new constitution in 1898. Children reading. ... A poll tax, head tax, or capitation is a tax of a uniform, fixed amount per individual (as opposed to a percentage of income). ...


Long won in 1928 by tapping into the class resentment of rural Louisianans and by giving them hope for a better future. He proposed government services long ignored by Louisiana's traditional political leaders. Long won by the largest margin in Louisiana history, 126,842 votes compared with 81,747 for Riley J. Wilson and 80,326 for Oramel H. Simpson. Long's support bridged the traditional north-south, Protestant-Catholic divide in Louisiana politics, and replaced it with a class-based schism between poor farmers and the wealthy planters, businessmen and machine politicians who supported his opponents. This article is about the U.S. State. ... Riley Joseph Wilson was born near Goldonna in Winn Parish, La. ... Oramel H. Simpson became governor of the state of Louisiana upon the death of his predecessor, Henry L. Fuqua. ... In this 1899 cartoon from Puck, all of New York City politics revolves around boss Richard Croker A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind-the-scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. ...


Long as governor, 1928-1932

As governor, Long inherited a dysfunctional system of government tainted by influence peddling. Corporations often wrote the laws governing their practices and rewarded part-time legislators and other officials with jobs and bribes. Long moved quickly to consolidate his power, firing hundreds of opponents in the state bureaucracy, at all ranks from cabinet-level heads of departments and board members to rank-and-file civil servants and state road workers. Like previous governors, he filled the vacancies with patronage appointments from his own network of political supporters. Every state employee who depended on Long for a job was expected to pay a portion of his or her salary directly into Long’s political war-chest. These funds were kept in a famous locked “deduct box” to be used at Long's discretion for political purposes. Influence peddling is the practice of using ones influence with persons in authority to obtain favors or preferential treatment for another, usually in return for payment. ... This article is about the governmental body. ...


Once his control over the state’s political apparatus was strengthened, Long pushed a number of bills through the 1928 session of the Louisiana State Legislature to fulfill campaign promises. These included a free textbook program for schoolchildren, an idea advanced by John Sparks Patton, the Claiborne Parish school superintendent. Long also supported night courses for adult literacy and a supply of cheap natural gas for the city of New Orleans. The Louisiana State Legislature is the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... John Sparks Patton (September 23, 1894 -- October 30, 1961) was a Louisiana politician and educator who was an early advocate of taxpayer-funded school textbooks and a member of the Long faction of his states Democratic Party. ... Claiborne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...


Long began an unprecedented public works program, building roads, bridges, hospitals and educational institutions. His bills met opposition from many legislators and the media, but Long used aggressive tactics to ensure passage of the legislation he favored. He would show up unannounced on the floor of both the House and Senate or in House committees, corralling reluctant representatives and state senators and bullying opponents. These tactics were unprecedented, but they resulted in the passage of most of Long’s legislative agenda. By delivering on his campaign promises, Long achieved hero status among the state's majority rural poor population. The Louisiana House of Representatives is the lower house in the Louisiana State Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... The Louisiana Senate is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana. ...


When Long secured passage of his free textbook program, the school board of Caddo Parish (home of conservative Shreveport), sued to prevent the books from being distributed, saying they would not accept "charity" from the state. Long responded by withholding authorization for locating an Army Air Force base nearby until the parish accepted the books. Caddo Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... : Port City , River City , Ratchet City : The Next Great City of the South United States Louisiana Caddo 117. ... Barksdale Air Force Base is a United States military base near Bossier City, Louisiana. ...


Impeachment

In 1929, Long called a special session of both houses of the legislature to enact a new five-cent per barrel "occupational license tax" on production of refined oil, to help fund his social programs. The bill met with fierce opposition from the state’s oil interests. Opponents in the legislature, led by freshman Cecil Morgan of Shreveport, moved to impeach Long on charges ranging from blasphemy to corruption, bribery, and misuse of state funds. Long tried to cut the session short, but after an infamous brawl that spilled across the State Legislature on what was known as "Bloody Monday," the Legislature voted to remain in session and proceed with the impeachment. Petro redirects here. ... Cecil Morgan, Sr. ... Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ...


Long took his case to the people, using his trademark printed circulars and a speaking tour around the state to argue that the impeachment was an attempt by Standard Oil and other corporate interests to prevent his social programs from being carried out. The House passed several of the charges. Once the trial began in the Senate, Long produced the “Round Robin,” a document signed by more than one-third of the state senators, stating that they would vote "not guilty" no matter what the evidence. They believed the charges did not merit removal from office and they considered the trial to be unconstitutional. With the two-thirds majority required to convict impossible to achieve, Long’s opponents halted the proceedings. Long later rewarded the Round Robin signers with state jobs or other favors; some were alleged to have been paid in cash.[4] The Louisiana House of Representatives is the lower house in the Louisiana State Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... The Louisiana Senate is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana. ...


Following the failed impeachment attempt in the Senate, Long became ruthless when dealing with his enemies. He fired their relatives from state jobs and supported candidates to defeat them in elections. "I used to get things done by saying please," said Long. "Now I dynamite them out of my path." Since the state’s newspapers were financed by the opposition, in March 1930 Long founded his own paper, the Louisiana Progress, which he used to broadcast achievements and denounce his enemies. To receive lucrative state contracts, companies were first expected to buy advertisements in Long's newspaper. Long attempted to pass laws placing a surtax on newspapers and forbidding the publishing of “slanderous material,” but these efforts were defeated. After the impeachment attempt, Long received death threats. Fearing for his personal safety, he surrounded himself with armed bodyguards at all times. Depiction of the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, then President of the United States, in 1868. ...


1930: Defeat in the Legislature, campaign for U.S. Senate

In the 1930 legislative session, Long proposed another major road-building initiative as well as construction of a new capitol building in Baton Rouge. The State Legislature defeated the bond issue necessary to build the roads, and his other initiatives failed as well. Louisiana State Capitol The Louisiana State Capitol building is the capitol building of the state of Louisiana, located in Baton Rouge. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... The Louisiana State Legislature is the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ...


Long responded by suddenly announcing his intention to run for the federal U.S. Senate in the Democratic primary of September 9, 1930. He portrayed his campaign as a referendum on his programs: if he won he would take it as a sign that the public supported his programs over the opposition of the legislature, and if he lost he promised to resign. Long defeated incumbent Senator Joseph E. Ransdell, an Alexandria native from Lake Providence in East Carroll Parish in far northeastern Louisiana, by 149,640 (57.3 percent) to 111,451 (42.7 percent). The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Eugene Ransdell (October 7, 1858 - July 27, 1954) was a United States Representative and Senator from Louisiana. ... Alexandria is a city in Louisiana and the parish seat of Rapides Parish. ... The town of Lake Providence is the parish seat of East Carroll Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ... East Carroll Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...


Despite having been elected to the Senate for the 1931 session, Long intended to fill out his term as governor until 1932. Leaving the seat vacant for so long would not hurt Louisiana, Long said; "with Ransdell as Senator, the seat was vacant anyway." By delaying his resignation as governor, Long prevented Lieutenant Governor Paul N. Cyr, from succeeding to the top position. A dentist from Jeanerette in Iberia Parish, Cyr was an early ally with whom Long had since feuded. Paul Narcisse Cyr (September 9, 1878 - August 24, 1946) was the elected lieutenant governor in the Huey Pierce Long, Jr. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth) to human beings. ... Jeanerette is a city located in Iberia Parish, Louisiana. ... Iberia Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...


1930-1932: Renewed strength

Having won the overwhelming support of the Louisiana electorate, Long returned to pushing his legislative program with renewed strength. Bargaining from an advantageous position, Long entered an agreement with his longtime New Orleans rivals, the Regular Democratic Organization and their leader, New Orleans mayor T. Semmes Walmsley. They would support his legislation and his candidates in future elections in return for his supporting a bridge over the Mississippi River, an airport for New Orleans, and money for infrastructure improvements in the city. Support from the Old Regulars enabled Long to pass an increase in the gasoline tax, new school spending, a bill to finance the construction of a new Louisiana State Capitol and a $75 million bond for road construction. Including the Airline Highway between New Orleans and Baton Rouge, Long's road network gave Louisiana some of the most modern roads in the country and helped form the state's highway system. Long's opponents charged that Long had concentrated political power in his own hands to the point where he had become a virtual dictator of the state. New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The post of Mayor of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana has been held by the following individuals: Etienne de Boré 1803-04 James Pitot 1804-05 John Watkins 1805-07 James Mather 1807-12 Charles Trudeau 1812 Nicholas Girod 1812 LeBreton Dorgenois 1812 Nicholas Girod 1812-15 Augustin Macarty... Thomas Semmes Walmsley (June 10, 1889-June 19, 1942) was Mayor of New Orleans from July 1929 to June 1936. ... This article is about a bridge in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana; a second Huey P. Long Bridge is in Baton Rouge. ... A gasoline tax (also known as a gas tax, petrol tax, fuel tax or fuel duty) is a sales tax imposed on the sale of gasoline. ... Louisiana State Capitol The Louisiana State Capitol building is the capitol building of the state of Louisiana, located in Baton Rouge. ... Airline Highway is a rural divided highway in the U.S. state of Louisiana, built in the 1930s and 1940s to bypass the older Jefferson Highway. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... A dictator is an authoritarian, often totalitarian ruler (e. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of...


Long retained the architect Leon C. Weiss of New Orleans to design the capitol, a new governor's mansion, Charity Hospital in New Orleans, and many Louisiana State University and other college buildings throughout the state. For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... Leon Charles Weiss (December 10, 1882 - April 1, 1953) was the politically-connected architect who designed most major monuments of the Huey Pierce Long, Jr. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... For other uses, see LSU. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, generally known as Louisiana State University or LSU, is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ...


As governor, Long was not popular among the "old families" of Baton Rouge society. He instead held gatherings of his leaders and friends from across the state. At these gatherings, Long and his group liked to listen to the popular radio show "Amos 'n' Andy." One of Long's followers dubbed him the "Kingfish" after the leader of the Mystic Knights of the Sea lodge to which Amos and Andy belonged. Other accounts claim Long gave the nickname to himself. During an argument, Long shouted down everyone by yelling, "Shut up, you sons of bitches, shut up! This is the Kingfish talking!"."[5] Illustrator J.J. Goulds 1930 drawing of Amos and Andy for New Movie Magazine Amos n Andy was a situation comedy popular in the United States from the 1920s through the 1950s. ...


As governor, Long became an ardent supporter of Louisiana State University(LSU), the state's primary public university in Baton Rouge. He greatly increased LSU funding and expanded its enrollment from 1,600 to 4,000. Long instituted work-scholarship programs that enabled poor students to attend LSU, and he established the LSU Medical School in New Orleans. He also intervened in the university's affairs, choosing its president.[citation needed] Long conducted music for LSU's band played during the football games [6]. Once, he had the football team run a play he created [7]. For other uses, see LSU. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, generally known as Louisiana State University or LSU, is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Louisiana State University School of Medicine refers to two separate medical schools in Louisiana: LSU School of Medicine in New Orleans and LSU School of Medicine in Shreveport. ... The Louisiana State University Tiger Marching Band —also called The Golden Band from Tigerland or simply the Tiger Band—is known by LSU Tiger fans and foes alike for the first four notes of its pregame salute sounded on Saturday nights in Tiger Stadium. ...


In October 1931, Lieutenant Governor Cyr, by then an avowed enemy of Long, argued that the senator-elect could no longer remain governor. Cyr declared himself to be the legitimate governor. In response Long surrounded the State Capitol with state National Guard troops and fended off the illegal "coup d'état." Seal of the Army National Guard The Louisiana National Guard is comprised of both Army and Air National Guard components. ... Coup redirects here. ...


Long went to the Louisiana Supreme Court to have Cyr ousted as lieutenant governor. He argued that the office of lieutenant-governor was vacant because Cyr had resigned when he attempted to assume the governorship. His suit was successful. Under the state constitution, Senate president and Long ally Alvin Olin King became lieutenant-governor.[8] // The Supreme Court of Louisiana The law of Louisiana and the Supreme Court of Louisiana both have a rich history based in the colonial governments of France and Spain during the early eighteenth century. ... The Louisiana Constitution is the governing document of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... The Louisiana Senate is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana. ... Alvin Olin King (June 21, 1890 – 1958) was a Louisiana politician. ...


Long chose his childhood friend Oscar Kelly Allen as the candidate to succeed him in the election of 1932 on a “Complete the Work” ticket. With the support of Long's own voter base and the Old Regular machine, Allen won easily. With his loyal succession assured, Long finally resigned as governor and took his seat in the U.S. Senate in January 1932. Gov. ... The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1932 was held on January 19, 1932. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States...


Long in the Senate, 1932-35

Long arrived in Washington, D.C., to take his seat in the U.S. Senate in January 1932, although he was absent for more than half the days in the 1932 session, having to commute to and from Louisiana. With the backdrop of the Great Depression, he made characteristically fiery speeches which denounced the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few. He also criticized the leaders of both parties for failing to address the crisis adequately, most notably attacking Senate Democratic Leader Joseph Robinson of Arkansas for his apparent closeness with President Herbert Hoover. Robinson had been the vice-presidential candidate in 1928 on the Democratic ticket opposite Hoover and his running-mate, Senator Charles Curtis of Kansas. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Joseph Taylor Robinson Joseph Taylor Robinson (26 August 1872 - 14 July 1937) was a Democratic United States Senator, Senate Majority Leader, member of the United States House of Representatives, Governor of Arkansas, and U.S. Vice Presidential candidate. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In the presidential election of 1932, Long became a vocal supporter of the candidacy of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He believed Roosevelt to be the only candidate willing and able to carry out the drastic redistribution of wealth that Long believed necessary to end the Great Depression. At the Democratic National Convention, Long was instrumental in keeping the delegations of several wavering states in the Roosevelt camp. Long expected to be featured prominently in Roosevelt's campaign, but he was disappointed with a speaking tour limited to four Midwestern states. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... Featured at the Democratic National Convention are speeches by prominent party figures. ... Midwest States (United States of America, ND to OH) The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ...


Long managed to find other venues for his populist message. He campaigned to elect Hattie Caraway, the underdog candidate of Arkansas, to her first full term in the Senate by conducting a whirlwind, seven-day tour of that state. He raised his national prominence and defeated the candidate backed by Senator Robinson. With Long's help, Caraway became the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate. Caraway told Long, however, that she would continue to use independent judgment and not allow him to dictate how she would vote on Senate bills. She also insisted that he stop attacking Robinson while he was in Arkansas.[citation needed] Βibi Hattie Caraway, first woman elected to U.S. Senate Hattie Ophelia Wyatt Caraway (February 1, 1878 – December 21, 1950) was the first woman elected to serve as a United States Senator. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ...


After Roosevelt's election, Long soon broke with the new President. Aware that Roosevelt had no intention to radically redistribute the country's wealth, Long became one of the only national politicians to oppose Roosevelt's New Deal policies from the left. He considered them inadequate in the face of the escalating economic crisis. Long sometimes supported Roosevelt's programs in the Senate, saying that "[W]henever this administration has gone to the left I have voted with it, and whenever it has gone to the right I have voted against it[9]." He opposed the National Recovery Act, calling it a sellout to big business. In 1933, he was a leader of a three-week Senate filibuster against the Glass-Steagall Banking Act. This article is about the policy program of US President Franklin D Roosevelt. ... -1... As a form of obstructionism in a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ... Two separate United States laws are known as the Glass-Steagall Act. ...


Roosevelt considered Long a radical demagogue. The president privately said of Long that along with General Douglas MacArthur, "[H]e was one of the two most dangerous men in America."”[citation needed] Roosevelt later compared Long to Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. In June 1933, in an effort to undermine Long's political dominance, Roosevelt cut Long out of consultation on the distribution of federal funds or patronage in Louisiana. Roosevelt also supported a Senate inquiry into the election of Long ally John H. Overton to the Senate in 1932. The Long machine was charged with election fraud and voter intimidation; however, the inquiry came up empty, and Overton was seated. This article is about the American general; for the municipality in the Philippines, see General MacArthur, Eastern Samar. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Mussolini redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... John Holmes Overton (September 17, 1875 - May 14, 1948) was a lawyer, congressman and a Democratic United States Senator from Louisiana. ...


To discredit Long and damage his support base, in 1934 Roosevelt had Long’s finances investigated by the Internal Revenue Service. Though they failed to link Long to any illegality, some of Long’s lieutenants were charged with income tax evasion, but only one had been convicted by the time of Long’s death. Seal of the Internal Revenue Service Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        IRS redirects here. ...


Long’s radical rhetoric and his aggressive tactics did little to endear him to his fellow senators. Not one of his proposed bills, resolutions or motions was passed during his three years in the Senate. During one debate, another senator told Long, “I do not believe you could get the Lord’s Prayer endorsed in this body.”[citation needed]


In terms of foreign policy, Long was a firm isolationist. He argued that America’s involvement in the Spanish-American War and the First World War had been deadly mistakes conducted on behalf of Wall Street. He also opposed American entry into the World Court. Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Elaborate marble facade of NYSE as seen from the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ... The World Court refers collectively to the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) and its successor the International Court of Justice (ICJ). ...


Share Our Wealth

Long was a staunch opponent of the Federal Reserve Bank. Together with a group of Congressmen and Senators, Long believed the Federal Reserve's policies to be the true cause of the Great Depression. Long made speeches denouncing the large banking houses of Morgan and Rockefeller centered in New York which owned stock in the Federal Reserve System. He believed that they controlled the monetary system to their own benefit, instead of the general public's benefit.[citation needed] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Fed redirects here. ...


As an alternative, Long proposed federal legislation capping personal fortunes, income and inheritances. He used radio broadcasts and founded a national newspaper, the American Progress, to promote his ideas and accomplishments before a national audience. In 1934, he unveiled an economic plan he called Share Our Wealth. Long argued there was enough wealth in the country for every individual to enjoy a comfortable standard of living, but that it was unfairly concentrated in the hands of a few millionaire bankers, businessmen and industrialists. Share Our Wealth was a movement begun during the Great Depression by Huey Long, governor and later senator from Louisiana. ... The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these services and goods are distributed within a population. ...


Long proposed a new progressive tax code designed to limit the size of personal fortunes. The new tax code would tax the first million dollars of income at the existing rates. The second million dollars would be taxed at 1%. The third million at 2%; the fourth million at 4%; the fifth million at 8%; the sixth million at 16%; the seventh million at 32%; the eighth million at 64%; and the remainder at 100%. [10] Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A progressive tax is a tax imposed so that the effective...


The resulting funds would be used to guarantee every family a basic household grant of $5,000 and a minimum annual income of $2,000-3,000 (or one-third the average family income). Long supplemented his plan with proposals for free primary and college education, old-age pensions, veterans' benefits, federal assistance to farmers, public works projects, and limiting the work week to thirty hours.


Denying that his program was socialistic, Long stated that his ideological inspiration for the plan came not from Karl Marx but from the Bible and the Declaration of Independence. “Communism? Hell no!” he said, “This plan is the only defense this country’s got against communism.”[citation needed] In 1934, Long held a public debate with Norman Thomas, the leader of the Socialist Party of America, on the merits of Share Our Wealth versus socialism. Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a 19th century philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Norman Thomas Norman Mattoon Thomas (November 20, 1884 - December 19, 1968) was a leading American socialist, pacifist, and six-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America. ... The Socialist Party of America (SPA) is a socialist political party in the United States. ...


Long believed that only a radical restructuring of the national economy and elimination of disparities of wealth, while retaining the essential features of the capitalist system, would end the Great Depression and stave off violent revolution. After the Senate rejected one of his wealth redistribution bills, Long told them, "[A] mob is coming to hang the other ninety-five of you damn scoundrels and I'm undecided whether to stick here with you or go out and lead them."[citation needed] In economics, a capitalist is someone who owns capital, presumably within the economic system of capitalism. ...


With the Senate unwilling to support his proposals, in February 1934 Long formed a national political organization, the Share Our Wealth Society. A network of local clubs led by national organizer Reverend Gerald L. K. Smith, the Share Our Wealth Society was intended to operate outside of and in opposition to the Democratic Party and the Roosevelt administration. By 1935, the society had over 7.5 million members in 27,000 clubs across the country. Long's Senate office received an average of 60,000 letters a week. Some historians believe that pressure from Long and his organization contributed to Roosevelt's "turn to the left" in 1935. He enacted the Second New Deal, including the Works Progress Administration and Social Security. In private, Roosevelt candidly admitted to trying to “steal Long’s thunder.”[citation needed] Gerald Lyman Kenneth Smith (February 27, 1898–April 15, 1976) was a leader of the Share Our Wealth movement and founder of the America First Party (1944). ... This article is about the policy program of US President Franklin D Roosevelt. ... WPA Graphic The Works Progress Administration (later Work Projects Administration, abbreviated WPA), was created on May 6, 1935 by Presidential order (Congress funded it annually but did not set it up). ... Social Security, in the United States, currently refers to the Federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program. ...


Continued control over Louisiana, 1932-1935

Long continued to maintain effective control of Louisiana while he was a senator, blurring the boundary between federal and state politics. Though he had no constitutional authority to do so, Long continued to draft and press bills through the Louisiana State Legislature, which remained in the hands of his allies. He made frequent trips to Baton Rouge to pressure the Legislature into enacting his legislation. The program included new consumer taxes, elimination of the poll tax, a homestead exemption, and increases in the number of state employees. This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Louisiana State Legislature is the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... A poll tax, head tax, or capitation is a tax of a uniform, fixed amount per individual (as opposed to a percentage of income). ...


His loyal lieutenant, Governor Oscar K. Allen, dutifully followed Long’s policy proposals. Long was known to berate the governor in public and take over the governor’s office in the State Capitol when he was visiting Baton Rouge. Having broken with the Old Regulars and T. Semmes Walmsley in the fall of 1933, Long inserted himself into the New Orleans mayoral election of 1934 and began a dramatic public feud with the city’s government that lasted for two years. Gov. ... Thomas Semmes Walmsley (June 10, 1889-June 19, 1942) was Mayor of New Orleans from July 1929 to June 1936. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Thomas Semmes Walmsley (June 10, 1889-June 19, 1942) was Mayor of New Orleans from July 1929 to June 1936. ...


Huey Long and James A. Noe, an independent oilman and member of the Louisiana Senate, formed the controversial Win or Lose Oil Company. The firm was established to obtain leases on state-owned lands so that the directors might collect bonuses and sublease the mineral rights to the major oil companies. Although ruled legal, these activities were done in secret and the stockholders were unknown to the public. Long made a profit on the bonuses and the resale of those state leases, using the funds primarily for political purposes. James A. Noe, Sr. ... The Louisiana Senate is the upper house of the state legislature of Louisiana. ...


By 1934 Long began a reorganization of the state government that all but abolished local governments in New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Alexandria. It further gave the governor the power to appoint all state employees. Long passed what he called “a tax on lying” and a 2% tax on newspaper advertising revenue. He created the Bureau of Criminal Identification, a special force of plainclothes police answerable only to the governor. He also had the legislature enact the same tax on refined oil that had nearly gotten him impeached in 1929. After Standard Oil agreed that 80% of the oil sent to its refineries would be drilled in Louisiana, Long had the government refund most of the money. New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Alexandria is a city in Louisiana and the parish seat of Rapides Parish. ... Standard Oil was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ...


1935: Long's final year

Presidential ambitions

Even during his days as a traveling salesman, Long confided to his wife that his planned career trajectory would begin with election to a minor state office, then governor, then senator, and ultimately election as President of the United States. In his final months, Long wrote a second book entitled My First Days in the White House, laying out his plans for the presidency after the election of 1936. The book was published posthumously. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Huey Longs My First Days in the White House was his second autobiography and was published posthumously. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


According to Long biographers T. Harry Williams and William Ivy Hair, the senator never intended to run for the presidency in 1936. Long instead planned to challenge Roosevelt for the Democratic nomination in 1936, knowing he would lose the nomination but gain valuable publicity in the process. Then he would break from the Democrats and form a third party using the Share Our Wealth plan as a basis for its program. He also planned to use Father Charles Coughlin, a Catholic priest and populist talk radio personality from Royal Oak, Michigan; Iowa agrarian radical Milo Reno; and other dissidents. The new party would run someone else as its 1936 candidate, but Long would be the primary campaigner. This candidate would split the progressive vote with Roosevelt, thereby resulting in the election of a Republican as president but proving the electoral appeal of Share Our Wealth. Long would then run for president as a Democrat in 1940. In the spring of 1935, Long undertook a national speaking tour and regular radio appearances, attracting large crowds and increasing his stature. Thomas Harry Williams (May 19, 1909 -- July 6, 1979) was an award-winning historian at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge whose career began in 1941 and extended for thirty-eight years until his death. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      Third parties in the United States are political parties other than the two... Father Coughlin Charles Edward Coughlin (October 25, 1891 – October 27, 1979) was a Canadian-born Roman Catholic priest at Royal Oak, Michigans National Shrine of the Little Flower Church. ... The Star Dream by Marshall Fredericks in downtown Royal Oak Royal Oak is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Share Our Wealth was a movement begun during the Great Depression by Huey Long, governor and later senator from Louisiana. ...


Increased tensions in Louisiana

By 1935, Long’s most recent consolidation of personal power led to talk of armed opposition from his enemies. Opponents increasingly invoked the memory of the Battle of Liberty Place of 1874, in which the white supremacist White League staged an uprising against Louisiana’s Reconstruction-era government. In January 1935, an anti-Long paramilitary organization called the Square Deal Association was formed. Its members included former governors John M. Parker and Ruffin G. Pleasant and New Orleans Mayor T. Semmes Walmsley. On January 25, two hundred armed Square Dealers took over the courthouse of East Baton Rouge Parish. Long had Governor Allen call out the National Guard, declare martial law, ban public gatherings of two or more persons, and forbid the publication of criticism of state officials. The Square Dealers left the courthouse, but there was a brief armed skirmish at the Baton Rouge Airport. Tear gas and live ammunition were fired; one person was wounded but there were no fatalities. White supremacy is the variety of white nationalism that believes the white race should rule over other races. ... During the 19th century, the White League was a racist Louisiana white terror organization in the mold of the Ku Klux Klan. ... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... John Milliken Parker (also known as John M. Parker (1863-03-16 – 1939-05-20) was an American Democrat politician from Louisiana, who served as the states governor from 1920–1924. ... Ruffin Golson Pleasant (June 2, 1871 -- September 12, 1937) was the Democratic governor of Louisiana from 1916-1920, who is remembered for having mobilized his state for World War I. Prior to his governorship, Pleasant was the Louisiana attorney general from 1912-1916 and the city attorney of Shreveport from... Thomas Semmes Walmsley (June 10, 1889-June 19, 1942) was Mayor of New Orleans from July 1929 to June 1936. ... East Baton Rouge Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Seal of the Army National Guard The Louisiana National Guard is comprised of both Army and Air National Guard components. ... For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ... Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport (IATA: BTR, ICAO: KBTR), also known as Ryan Field is a public airport located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. ...


In the summer of 1935, Long called for two more special sessions of the legislature; bills were passed in rapid-fire succession without being read or discussed. The new laws further centralized Long’s control over the state by creating several new Long-appointed state agencies: a state bond and tax board holding sole authority to approve all loans to parish and municipal governments, a new state printing board which could withhold "official printer" status from uncooperative newspapers, a new board of election supervisors which would appoint all poll watchers, and a State Board of Censors. They also stripped away the remaining powers of the mayor of New Orleans. Long boasted that he had "taken over every board and commission in New Orleans except the Community Chest and the Red Cross."[citation needed] The post of Mayor of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana has been held by the following individuals: Etienne de Boré 1803-04 James Pitot 1804-05 John Watkins 1805-07 James Mather 1807-12 Charles Trudeau 1812 Nicholas Girod 1812 LeBreton Dorgenois 1812 Nicholas Girod 1812-15 Augustin Macarty... The American Community Chests were fund-raising organizations that collected money from local businesses and workers and distributed it to community projects. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Assassination

Two months prior to his death, in July 1935 Long claimed that he had uncovered a plot to assassinate him, which had been discussed in a meeting at New Orleans’s DeSoto Hotel. According to Long, four U.S. representatives, Mayor Walmsley, and former governors Parker and Sanders had been present. Long read what he claimed was a transcript of a recording of this meeting on the floor of the Senate. [11] New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ...


Long called for a third special session of the Louisiana State Legislature to begin in September 1935, and he traveled from Washington to Baton Rouge to oversee its progress. Although accounts of the September 8, 1935 murder differ, most believe that Long was shot once or twice by medical doctor Carl Austin Weiss in the Capitol building at Baton Rouge. Weiss was immediately shot some thirty times by Long's bodyguards and police on the scene. The 28-year-old Dr. Weiss was the son-in-law of Judge Benjamin Henry Pavy. According to Mrs. Ida Catherine Pavy Boudreaux of Opelousas, Pavy's only surviving child, her father had been gerrymandered out of his Sixteenth Judicial District because of his opposition to Long. The Louisiana State Legislature is the legislative branch of the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Carl Austin Weiss (December 6, 1906 – September 8, 1935) was a gifted young Baton Rouge, Louisiana, physician who was the apparent assassin of U.S. Senator Huey Pierce Long, Jr. ... Louisiana State Capitol The Louisiana State Capitol building is the capitol building of the state of Louisiana, located in Baton Rouge. ... For the Canadian restaurant, see Baton Rouge (restaurant). ... Bodyguards of Viktor Yushchenko (far left) after leaving Gdansk city hall. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Benjamin Henry Pavy (October 16, 1874 -- April 1943) was a district judge in St. ... The city of Opelousas is the parish seat of St. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The Gerry-Mander first appeared in this cartoon-map in the Boston Gazette, 26 March 1812 Gerrymandering is a form of redistricting in which electoral district or constituency boundaries are manipulated for an electoral advantage. ...


Shortly after being shot, the expiring Long reportedly said, "I wonder why he shot me."[12] Long died two days later of internal bleeding, following Dr. Arthur Vidrine's attempt to close the wounds. Dr. Arthur Vidrine was a medical doctor from Ville Platte, Louisiana. ...


An alternative theory suggests that Weiss was unarmed and had punched Long, not shot him. Instead, Senator Long was struck by a stray bullet from his bodyguards, who shot Weiss because they mistakenly believed that Weiss was going to shoot Long.[13] Former Louisiana state police superintendent Francis Grevemberg supports this view of the shooting. Colonel Francis Carroll Grevemberg (born 1914) was the superintendent of the Louisiana state police from 1952-1955, who is best remembered for his fight against organized crime. ...


Long was buried on the grounds of the new State Capitol which he championed as governor, where a statue depicted his achievements. More than 100,000 Louisianans attended his funeral at the Capitol. The minister at the funeral service was Gerald L. K. Smith, co-founder of Share Our Wealth and subsequently of the America First Party. Within the Capitol, a plaque marks the site of the assassination in the hallway near what is now the Speaker's office and what was then the Governor's office. Louisiana State Capitol The Louisiana State Capitol building is the capitol building of the state of Louisiana, located in Baton Rouge. ... Gerald Lyman Kenneth Smith (February 27, 1898–April 15, 1976) was a leader of the Share Our Wealth movement and founder of the America First Party (1944). ... Share Our Wealth was a movement begun during the Great Depression by Huey Long, governor and later senator from Louisiana. ... The America First Party is a political party which was founded on January 10, 1943. ...


Legacy

In his four-year term as governor, Long increased the mileage of paved highways in Louisiana from 331 to 2,301, plus an additional 2,816 miles (4,532 km) of gravel roads. By 1936, the infrastructure program begun by Long had completed some 9,000 miles (14,500 km) of new roads, doubling the size of the state's road system. He built 111 bridges, and started construction on the first bridge over the lower Mississippi, the Huey P. Long Bridge in Jefferson Parish, near New Orleans. He built the new Louisiana State Capitol, at the time the tallest building in the South. All of these public works projects provided thousands of much-needed jobs during the Great Depression. (Long, however, disapproved of welfare and unemployment payments. Such programs in Louisiana during his tenure were Federal in origin.) List of Governors of Louisiana First French Era Sieur Sauvole de la Villantry 1699-1701 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne, Sieur de Bienville 1701-1713 Antonine de la Mothe Cadillac 1713-1716 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne 1716-1717 De lEpinay 1717-1718 Jean Baptiste de la Moyne 1718... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... This article is about a bridge in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana; a second Huey P. Long Bridge is in Baton Rouge. ... Jefferson Parish is a parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Louisiana State Capitol The Louisiana State Capitol building is the capitol building of the state of Louisiana, located in Baton Rouge. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Long's free textbooks, school-building program, and free busing improved and expanded the public education system. His night schools taught 100,000 adults to read. He greatly expanded funding for LSU, lowered tuition, established scholarships for low-income students, and founded the LSU School of Medicine in New Orleans. He also doubled funding for the public Charity Hospital System, built a new Charity Hospital building for New Orleans, and reformed and increased funding for the state's mental institutions. His administration funded the piping of natural gas to New Orleans and other cities. It built the 11-kilometer (seven-mile) Lake Pontchartrain seawall and New Orleans airport. Long slashed personal property taxes and reduced utility rates. His repeal of the poll tax in 1935 increased voter registration by 76 percent in one year. Lake Pontchartrains north shore at Fontainebleau State Park near Mandeville, Louisiana in 2004 Lake Pontchartrain (local English pronunciation ) (French: Lac Pontchartrain, pronounced ) is a brackish lake located in southeastern Louisiana. ... A seawall is a form of hard coastal defence constructed on the inland part of a coast to reduce the effects of strong waves and are built in the water. ...


After Long’s death, the political machine he had built up was weakened, but it remained a powerful force in state politics until the election of 1960. The Long platform of social programs and populist rhetoric created the state’s main political division; in every state election until 1960, the main factions were organized along pro-Long and anti-Long lines. Even today in Louisiana, opinions on Long are sharply divided. Some remember Long as a popular folk hero, while others revile him as an unscrupulous demagogue and dictator. For several decades after his death, Long’s personal political style inspired imitation among Louisiana politicians who borrowed his colorful speaking style, vicious verbal attacks on opponents, and promises of social programs. His brother Earl Kemp Long later inherited Long’s political machine. Using his platform and rhetorical style, Long was twice elected governor and served an unexpired term as well. The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1959-60 was held in two rounds on December 5, 1959 and January 9, 1960. ... Earl Kemp Long (26 August 1895 - 5 September 1960) was an American politician and three-time Governor of Louisiana. ...


After Earl Long’s death, John McKeithen and Edwin Edwards appeared as heirs to the Long tradition. Most recently, Claude "Buddy" Leach ran a populist campaign in the Louisiana gubernatorial election of 2003 that some observers compared to Huey Long’s. Louisiana Public Service Commissioner Foster Campbell tried the same approach without success in the 2007 jungle primary. John Julian McKeithen (May 28, 1918 -- June 4, 1999), a Democrat from the tiny town of Columbia in Caldwell Parish in northeastern Louisiana, was the first governor of his state to serve two consecutive terms. ... Edwin Washington Edwards (born August 7, 1927) served as the Democratic governor of Louisiana for four terms (1972–1980, 1984–1988, and 1992 –1996), twice as many terms as any other Louisiana governor has served. ... Anthony Claude Buddy Leach, Jr. ... The Louisiana gubernatorial election of 2003 resulted in the election of Kathleen Babineaux Blanco as governor of Louisiana. ... Louisiana Public Service Commission (LPSC) is an independent regulatory agency serving the public of Louisiana by managing its public utilities and motor carriers. ... Foster L. Campbell, Jr. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... In the jungle primary, all candidates run in the same initial election regardless of party label. ...


Huey Long’s death did not end the political strength of the Long family. Huey Long's wife, Rose McConnell Long, was appointed to replace him in the Senate, and his son Russell B. Long was elected to the Senate in 1948, where he was re-elected to office until 1987. In addition to Huey's brother Earl Long's becoming governor, another brother, George S. Long, was elected to Congress in 1952. Long's younger sister, Lucille Long Hunt (1898-1985) of Ruston, was the mother of future Public Service Commissioner John S. Hunt, III (1928-2001), of Monroe. Senate Photo Rose McConnell Long (April 8, 1892 – May 27, 1970) was a United States Senator and the wife of Huey Long. ... Russell Billiu Long Russell Billiu Long (November 3, 1918 – May 9, 2003) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat from Louisiana from 1948 until 1987. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... George Shannon Doc Long (September 11, 1883--March 22, 1958) was a member of the powerful Long political dynasty in Louisiana and a Democratic U.S. representative from the defunct Eighth Congressional District from 1953-1958. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... The city of Ruston is the parish seat of Lincoln Parish, in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The city of Monroe is the parish seat of Ouachita Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ...


Other more distant relatives, including Gillis William Long and Speedy O. Long (both now deceased) were elected to Congress. Jimmy D. Long of Natchitoches Parish served for years in the Legislature. Jimmy Long's younger brother Gerald Long is unique among the Long's: the only current Long in public office and the first Republican among the Long Democratic dynasty. Floyd W. Smith, Jr., is a self-described "half Long" who is a former mayor of Pineville. Gillis William Long (May 4, 1923 – January 20, 1985) was among numerous members of the powerful Long political dynasty who held public office in Louisiana during the twentieth century. ... Speedy Oteria Long was a Democratic congressman from central Louisiana between 1965 and 1973 and a prominent member of the popular Long political dynasty. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Jimmy Dale Long, Sr. ... Natchitoches Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... GOP redirects here. ... , Pineville is a city in Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States. ...


Candidate Jerry Voorhis compared his opponent Richard M. Nixon to Huey Long in his 1946 California race for the U.S. House of Representatives. Nixon described Huey Long as an American folk hero in a later conversation with H.R. Haldeman. Jerry Voorhis (April 6, 1901-?) was a democratic politician from California. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Harry Robbins (Bob) Haldeman (October 27, 1926 - November 12, 1993) was a U.S. political aide and businessman, best known for his service in the Nixon White House, and for his role in the Watergate scandal, for which he was convicted and imprisoned. ...


Two bridges crossing the Mississippi River have been named for Long: Huey P. Long Bridge (Baton Rouge) and Huey P. Long Bridge (Jefferson Parish). There is also a Huey P. Long Hospital in Pineville across the Red River from Alexandria. For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Huey P. Long Bridge is a truss bridge over the Mississippi River carrying US 190 and 2 rail lines between East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana and West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. ... This article is about a bridge in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana; a second Huey P. Long Bridge is in Baton Rouge. ... , Pineville is a city in Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States. ... The Red River is one of several rivers with that name, and of two rivers with that name in the United States. ... Alexandria is a city in Louisiana and the parish seat of Rapides Parish. ...


Influence in books and culture

Long's first autobiography, Every Man a King, was published in 1933 and priced to be affordable by poor Americans. Long laid out his plan to redistribute the nation's wealth. His second book, My First Days in the White House, was published posthumously. In it he laid out his presidential ambitions for the election of 1936 [3]. Huey Longs My First Days in the White House was his second autobiography and was published posthumously. ...


The most illustrious novel thought to be inspired by Long was Robert Penn Warren's 1946 Pulitzer Prize-winning All the King's Men. In it he charted the corruption of an idealistic politician Willie Stark. (Warren did not encourage an association of his character with Long, stating to interviewer Charles Bohner in 1964, "Willie Stark was not Huey Long. Willie was only himself, whatever that self turned out to be."[citation needed]) The novel was the basis of two motion pictures: the Oscar-winning 1949 film and a more recent 2006 film. Robert Penn Warren Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic, and was one of the founders of The New Criticism. ... No prize was awarded in 1917. ... This article is about the book. ... Willie Stark is an opera in three acts and nine scenes by Carlisle Floyd to his own libretto, after the novel All the Kings Men by Robert Penn Warren. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... All the Kings Men is a 1949 film based on the Robert Penn Warren novel of the same name. ... Promotional poster for All the Kings Men All the Kings Men (2006) is an adaptation of the 1946 Pulitzer Prize winning novel by Robert Penn Warren and a remake of the 1949 Academy Award-winning movie, All the Kings Men. As of December 2005, extended post-production...


Long appeared to inspire several fiction writers. In his 1935 novel It Can't Happen Here, Sinclair Lewis created a made-in-America dictator. Buzz Windrip ("The Chief") becomes president on a strongly populist platform that turns into home-grown American fascism. (Windrip is often assumed to be based on either Long or Gerald B. Winrod.) This is also the case in Bruce Sterling's Distraction featuring a colorful and dictatorial Louisiana governor named "Green Huey". Harry Turtledove's American Empire trilogy drew parallels between Confederate President Jake Featherston's populist, dictatorial style of rule and Huey Long's governorship of Louisiana. In this trilogy, Long was assassinated on orders from Featherston when he refused to side with the Confederate ruling party (though several years later than in real life). Poster for a stage adaptation of It Cant Happen Here, ca. ... Fascist redirects here. ... Reverend Dr. Gerald B. Winrod (1900 - November 11, 1957) was an evangelist, author, and political activist from Wichita, Kansas. ... For other persons named Bruce Sterling, see Bruce Sterling (disambiguation). ... Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American historian and prolific novelist who has written historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction works. ... The American Empire series is a trilogy of alternate history novels by Harry Turtledove. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia... The Southern Victory series or Timeline-191 is a series of novels written by Harry Turtledove. ...


The life of Long has held continuing fascination. In 1970 T. Harry Williams' won the Pulitzer Prize for his biography Huey Long. In 1985 Ken Burns made a documentary film about Long. Two made-for-tv docudramas about him have also been produced: The Life and Assassination of the Kingfish (1977) and Kingfish (1995, TNT). (Ed Asner played Long in the former, and John Goodman starred in the latter). The Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished biography or autobiography by an American author. ... Kenneth Lauren Burns (born July 29, 1953) is an American director and producer of documentary films known for his style of making use of original prints and photographs. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... “Telefilm” redirects here. ... // Docudramas tend to demonstrate some or most of the following characteristics: A strict focus on the facts of the event being treated, as they are known; A tendency to avoid overt commentary or authorial editorializing; The use of literary and narrative techniques to flesh out or render story-like the... Turner Network Television, usually referred to as TNT, is an American cable TV network created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. ... Edward Asner (born November 15, 1929) is an American actor known for his Emmy-winning role as Lou Grant on The Mary Tyler Moore Show, and later continued in a spinoff series, Lou Grant. ... Not to be confused with Johnny Goodman (TV producer), Johnny Goodman, or John C. Goodman. ...


In popular music, chronicler of American culture Randy Newman (a native Louisianan) featured Huey Long prominently, with two songs on the 1974 album Good Old Boys (Reprise). On Newman's album, the song Every Man a King, originally written and recorded by Long and Castro Carazo, is followed by The Kingfish (a reference to Long's famous nickname).


See also

This is a list of assasinated American politicians. ...

References

  1. ^ Williams, T. Harry (1969). Huey Long. Vingtage Books, Random House, 876. 
  2. ^ Huey Long, everything2 Website, accessed 18 Jan 2008
  3. ^ Campaign for Governor (on Huey Long official website)
  4. ^ White, Richard D., Jr. (2006). Kingfish: The Reign of Huey P. Long. Random House, 88-89. 
  5. ^ Williams, T. Harry (1969). Huey Long. Vingtage Books, Random House, 312-313. 
  6. ^ Antonio Winnebago, "The History of LSU Football: Part One", Red Shtick Magazine
  7. ^ Winnebago, op.cit.
  8. ^ Hair, William Ivy (1991). The Kingfish and His Realm: The Life and Times of Huey P. Long. Louisiana State University Press, 221-222. 
  9. ^ Quoted by Chip Berlet, and Matthew N. Lyons, Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort, Guilford Publications, 2000, p.126
  10. ^ Huey P. Long, "Share Our Wealth", American Rhetoric: 100 Top Speeches, accessed 18 Mar 2008
  11. ^ USA History: Huey P. Long, Spartacus Website, accessed 18 Mar 2008
  12. ^ Williams, T. Harry (1969). Huey Long. Vingtage Books, Random House, 866. 
  13. ^ Grevemberg, Francis C. (2004). My Wars: Nazis, Mobsters, Gambling, and Corruption. Beau Bayou Publishing, 119-126. 

John Foster Chip Berlet (born November 22, 1949) is an American photographer and researcher specializing in the study of right-wing movements in the United States, particularly the religious right, white supremacists, homophobic groups, and paramilitary organizations. ...

Bibliography

  • Boulard, Garry. Huey Long Invades New Orleans: the Siege of a City, 1934-36. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Co., 1998.
  • Brinkley, Alan. Voices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin, and the Great Depression. New York, NY: Knopf, 1982. ISBN 0-394-52241-9
  • Davis, Forrest. Huey Long: a Candid Biography. NY: Dodge Publishing Co., 1935.
  • Dodd, William J. "Bill." "Peapatch Politics: The Earl Long Era in Louisiana Politics." Baton Rouge: Claitor's Publishing Co., 1991.
  • Fineran, John Kingston. The Career of a Tinpot Napoleon, a Political Biography of Huey P. Long. New Orleans: J. K. Fineran, 1932.
  • Hair, William Ivy. "The Kingfish and His Realm: The Life and Times of Huey P. Long." LSU Press, 1991.
  • Harris, Thomas O. The Kingfish, Huey P. Long, Dictator. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Co., 1938.
  • Huey Pierce Long, the Martyr of the Age. A publication of the Louisiana State Museum. New Orleans: T. J. Moran’s Sons, 1937.
  • Jeansonne, Glen (ed.). Huey at 100: Centennial Essays on Huey P. Long. Ruston, LA: McGinty Publications (for Dept. of History, Louisiana Tech University), 1995.
  • Kane, Thomas Harnett. Louisiana Hayride: the American Rehearsal for Dictatorship, 1928-1940. William Morrow, 1941.
  • Long, Huey P. Every Man a King: the Autobiography of Huey P. Long. New Orleans: National Book Co., 1933.
  • Pavy, Donald A. Accident and Deception: the Huey Long Shooting. New Iberia: Cajun Publications, 1999.
  • White, Richard D., Jr. Kingfish: the Reign of Huey P. Long. Random House, 2006.
  • Williams, T. Harry. Huey Long. Knopf, 1969. (Winner of the 1970 Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award)

·Garry Boulard is an American journalist and biographer most noted for his work, Huey Long Invades New Orleans: The Siege of a City, 1934-36 (August, 1998). ... Alan Brinkley is the Allan Nevins Professor of History at Columbia University. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The National Book Awards is one of the most preeminent literary prizes in the United States. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Huey Long
Preceded by
Oramel H. Simpson
Governor of Louisiana
1928 – 1932
Succeeded by
Alvin Olin King
Preceded by
Joseph E. Ransdell
United States Senator (Class 2) from Louisiana
1932 – 1935
Served alongside: Edwin S. Broussard, John H. Overton
Succeeded by
Rose McConnell Long
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Oramel H. Simpson became governor of the state of Louisiana upon the death of his predecessor, Henry L. Fuqua. ... This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United Sates in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana. ... Alvin Olin King (June 21, 1890 – 1958) was a Louisiana politician. ... Joseph Eugene Ransdell (October 7, 1858 - July 27, 1954) was a United States Representative and Senator from Louisiana. ... Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812. ... Edwin Sidney Broussard (December 4, 1874 - November 19, 1934) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. ... John Holmes Overton (September 17, 1875 - May 14, 1948) was a lawyer, congressman and a Democratic United States Senator from Louisiana. ... Senate Photo Rose McConnell Long (April 8, 1892 – May 27, 1970) was a United States Senator and the wife of Huey Long. ... This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United Sates in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana. ... William Charles Cole Claiborne William Charles Cole Claiborne (1775 - 23 November 1817) was a United States politician, best known as the first U.S. governor of Louisiana. ... Jacques Phillippe Villeré (1760 - 7 March 1830) was the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state. ... Thomas Bolling Robertson (February 27, 1779 – October 5, 1828) was a member of the U. S. House of Representatives representing the state of Louisiana. ... Henry Schuyler Thibodaux (1769-1827) was Governor of Louisiana briefly. ... Henry Johnson (1783-1864) was the Governor of Louisiana, and served the state as a United States Representative and as a United States Senator. ... Pierre Augustin Charles Bourguignon Derbigny (1769-1829) was Governor of Louisiana. ... Armand Beauvais, Acting Governor of Louisiana 1828-1829 Armand Julie Beauvais (1783-1843) was a Justice of the Peace, a Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, President of the Louisiana Senate and Governor of Louisiana. ... Jacques Dupre, Acting Governor of Louisiana 1830-1831 Jacques Dupre (1773 - September 14, 1846) was a Lousiana State Representative, State Senator and Acting Governor. ... Andre Bienvenue Roman (1795- January 26, 1866) was Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives and twice elected Governor of Louisiana. ... Edward Douglass White, Sr. ... Andre Bienvenue Roman (1795- January 26, 1866) was Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives and twice elected Governor of Louisiana. ... 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Newton Crain Blanchard (January 29, 1849 - June 22, 1922) was a United States Representative, Senator, and Governor of Louisiana. ... Samuel Douglas McEnery (May 28, 1837 - June 10, 1910) served as Governor of Louisiana from 1881 until 1888, and as a United States Senator from 1897 until 1910. ... John Randolph Thornton (August 25, 1846 - December 28, 1917) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. ... Robert Foligny Broussard (August 17, 1864 - April 12, 1918) was a United States Representative and Senator from Louisiana. ... Walter Guion (April 3, 1849 - February 7, 1927) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. ... Edward James Gay (May 5, 1878 - December 1, 1952) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. ... Edwin Sidney Broussard (December 4, 1874 - November 19, 1934) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. ... John Holmes Overton (September 17, 1875 - May 14, 1948) was a lawyer, congressman and a Democratic United States Senator from Louisiana. ... William Crosson Feazel (June 10, 1895 - March 16, 1965) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. ... Russell Billiu Long Russell Billiu Long (November 3, 1918 – May 9, 2003) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat from Louisiana from 1948 until 1987. ... John Berlinger Breaux (last name pronounced BRO) was a United States senator from Louisiana from 1987 until 2005. ... David Bruce Vitter (born May 3, 1961) is an American Republican politician, currently serving as the junior U.S. Senator from Louisiana. ... This article is about the policy program of US President Franklin D Roosevelt. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The New Deal coalition was the alignment of interest groups and voting blocs that supported the New Deal and voted for Democratic presidential candidates from 1932 until approximately 1966, which made the Democratic Party the majority party during that period, although they had only one Presidential majority after 1944. ... The Brain Trust was the name given to a group of diverse academics who served as advisers to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the early period of his tenure. ... The American Liberty League was a U.S. organization formed in 1934 by conservative Democrats such as Al Smith (the 1928 Democratic presidential nominee), Jouett Shouse (former high party official and U.S. Representative), John Davis (the 1924 Democratic presidential nominee), and John Jacob Raskob (former Democratic National Chairman and... During his presidency from 1933 to 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt established a series of programs which he called the New Deal. ... The Emergency Banking Act (also known as the Emergency Banking Relief Act) was an act of the United States Congress spearheaded by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. ... Two separate United States laws are known as the Glass-Steagall Act. ... The Economy Act or in full the Economy Act Agreement for Purchasing Good or Services was a United States act, which the U.S. Congress passed on March 15, 1933. ... The Public Works Administration of 1933 (PWA) was a part of the first New Deal agency that made contracts with private firms for construction of public works. ... The Agricultural Adjustment Act (or AAA) (Pub. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Photo of a sharecropper by Walker Evans for the U.S. Resettlement Administration Initially created as the Resettlement Administration in 1935 as part of the New Deal, the Farm Security Administration was an effort during the Depression to combat rural poverty. ... The Rural Electrification Administration (REA) was an agency of the United States federal government created on 11 May 1935 through efforts of the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... FDR (Center) signs the Rural Electrification Act with Representative John Rankin (Left) and Senator William Norris (right) The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 provided federal funding for installation of electrical distribution systems to serve rural areas of the United States. ... The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) or National Recovery Act (NRA) of June 16, 1933, was part of President Franklin Delano Roosevelts New Deal. ... NRA Blue Eagle poster. ... WPA Graphic The Works Progress Administration (later Work Projects Administration, abbreviated WPA), was created on May 6, 1935 by Presidential order (Congress funded it annually but did not set it up). ... Social Security, in the United States, currently refers to the Federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program. ... FERA camps for unemployed women in Arcola, Pennsylvania; Second Camp, ca. ... CCC workers on road construction, Camp Euclid, Ohio 1936 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a work relief program for young men from unemployed families, established on March 19, 1933 by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... 6,000 Men and a Scenic Boulevard; San Francisco, California, ca. ... // Congress enacted the Securities Act of 1933 (the “1933 Act,” the Truth in Securities Act or the Federal Securities Act) 48 Stat. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, frequently called the Court-packing Bill, was a law proposed by United States President Franklin Roosevelt. ... FDR redirects here. ... Harold LeClair Ickes (March 15, 1874–February 3, 1952) was a U.S. administrator and political figure. ... Henry Morgenthau Jr. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Portrait of Robert F. Wagner in the U.S. Senate Reception Room Robert Ferdinand Wagner (8 June 1877–4 May 1953) was a Democratic United States Senator from New York from 1927 until 1949. ...

 
 

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