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Encyclopedia > Hudson's Bay Company

Hudson's Bay Company
Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson
Type Private
Founded 1670
Headquarters Flag of Canada Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Revenue $7.0 billion CAD ($59.7 million FY 2005)
Owner Anita Zucker, Governor
Employees 70,000
Divisions The Bay
Zellers
Home Outfitters
Designer Depot
Fields
Website www.hbc.com

Hudson's Bay Company (French: Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson), or HBC, is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. It was once the de facto government in parts of North America before European-based colonies and nation states existed. It was at one time the largest landowner in the world, with Rupert's Land being a large part of North America. From its longtime headquarters at York Factory on Hudson Bay, it controlled the fur trade throughout much of British-controlled North America for several centuries, undertaking early exploration. Its traders and trappers forged early relationships with many groups of First Nations/Native Americans and its network of trading posts formed the nucleus for later official authority in many areas of western Canada and the United States. In the late 19th century, its vast territory became the largest component in the newly formed Dominion of Canada, in which the company was the largest private landowner. With the decline of the fur trade, the company evolved into mercantile business selling vital goods to settlers in the Canadian West. Today the company is best known for its department stores throughout Canada. The Hudson's Bay Company Archives are located in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. They also classify the Bay in downtown Winnipeg as the flagship store. HBC may refer to: Hit By Car - A common abbreviation in veterinary medical records Hudsons Bay Company - Canadas oldest department store. ... Image File history File links HBC_logo. ... A private company is a company that is independently owned. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... C$ redirects here. ... A fiscal year (or financial year or accounting reference date) is a 12-month period used for calculating annual (yearly) financial statements in businesses and other organizations. ... This article is about work. ... A division of a business entity is a portion of that business that operates under a different name. ... For other uses, see Bay (disambiguation). ... Zellers Inc. ... Home Outfitters is Canadas largest specialty superstore home goods chain, with 60 stores across the country selling bedding, towels, housewares, and other home accessories for the kitchen, bedroom, and bathroom. ... Designer Depot is a division of Hudsons Bay Company (HBC), a retailer in Canada. ... For the now-defunct chain of department stores in the Midwestern United States, see Marshall Fields Fields is a brand of Canadian discount department stores owned by the Hudsons Bay Company, with 137 locations in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Yukon, and Northwest Territories. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... For other uses, see Corporation (disambiguation). ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... This article is about the trading territory. ... Ruperts Land, showing the location of York Factory York Factory was a historic settlement and longtime headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in North America, located on the southwestern shore of Hudson Bay in present-day northeastern Manitoba, Canada. ... New York Harbor, the outflow for Hudson River, is sometimes called Hudsons Bay. Hudson Bay, Canada. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the indigenous peoples in what is now Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... This article is about Dominions of the British Empire and of the Commonwealth of Nations. ... The interior of a typical Macy*s department store. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797...

Contents

History

Early years

Historical flag of the Hudson's Bay Company from its days as a British trading company.
Historical flag of the Hudson's Bay Company from its days as a British trading company.

In the 17th century the French had a monopoly on the Canadian fur trade. However, two French traders, Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers, learned from the Cree that the best fur country was north and west of Lake Superior and that there was a "frozen sea" still further north; correctly guessing that this was the Hudson Bay, they sought French backing for a plan to set up a trading post on the Bay, thus reducing the cost of moving furs overland. However, the recently appointed French Secretary of State, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, was trying to promote farming in the colony, and was opposed to exploration and trapping. Image File history File links Hudsons_Bay_Company_Flag. ... Image File history File links Hudsons_Bay_Company_Flag. ... The Flag of the Hudsons Bay Company is an unusual flag that served two purposes. ... This article is about the economic term. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... Pierre-Esprit Radisson Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636 – 1710) was a French-born explorer and fur trader. ... Médard Chouart des Groseilliers (1618 – 1696) was a French explorer and fur trader in Canada. ... For other uses, see Cree (disambiguation). ... For the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Jean-Baptiste Colbert Jean-Baptiste Colbert (August 29, 1619 — September 6, 1683) served as the French minister of finance from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. He was described by Mme de Sévigné as Le Nord as he was cold and unemotional. ...


Radisson and des Groseilliers then approached a group of businessmen in Boston, Massachusetts to help finance their explorations. The Bostonians agreed on the plan's merits, and brought the two to England to elicit financing. In 1668, the English commissioned two ships, the Nonsuch and the Eaglet to explore possible trade into Hudson Bay. The Nonsuch was commanded by Captain Zachariah Gillam and accompanied by Groseilliers, while the Eaglet was commanded by Captain William Stannard and accompanied by Radisson. On June 5, 1668, both ships left port at Deptford, England, but the Eaglet was forced to turn back off the coast of Ireland. The Nonsuch continued on all the way to the southern portion of James Bay, where Fort Rupert was founded at the mouth of the Rupert River. After a successful trading expedition over the winter of 1668–1669, the Nonsuch returned to England. Boston redirects here. ... The Nonsuch was the ship that sailed into Hudson Bay in 1668-1669, in the first trading voyage for what was to become the Hudsons Bay Company two years later. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the district in London. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... James Bay in summer 2000 James Bay (French, Baie James) is a large body of water on the southern end of Hudson Bay in Canada. ... Waskaganish is a town in Quebec, Canada. ... The Rupert River is one of the largest rivers in Quebec. ...

Rupert's Land, the drainage basin of Hudson's Bay, the Company's grant
Rupert's Land, the drainage basin of Hudson's Bay, the Company's grant

The Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's Bay was incorporated on May 2, 1670, with a Royal Charter from King Charles II. The charter granted the company a monopoly over the Indian Trade, especially the fur trade, in the region watered by all rivers and streams flowing into Hudson Bay in northern Canada, an area known as Rupert's Land after the first director of the Company, Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a first cousin of Charles. This region constitutes 1.5 million square miles (3.9 million km²) in the drainage basin of Hudson Bay, comprising over one third the area of modern-day Canada and stretching into the north central United States, but the specific boundaries were unknown at the time. Image File history File links Wpdms_ruperts_land. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1670 (MDCLXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the ship of the same name, see Royal Charter (ship). ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... From the earliest contacts by Europeans with native Americans trading was a major focus of activity especially in the case of the French, the British, the Hudsons Bay Company and the Dutch West India Company. ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... This article is about the trading territory. ... For other uses, see Prince Rupert (disambiguation). ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ...


The company founded its first headquarters at Fort Nelson at the mouth of the Nelson River in present-day northeastern Manitoba. The location afforded convenient access to the fort from the vast interior waterway systems of the Saskatchewan and Red rivers. Other posts were quickly established around the southern edge of Hudson Bay in Manitoba and present-day Ontario and Quebec. Called "factories" (because the "factor", i.e. a person acting as a mercantile agent and frequently specializing in one or a small number of commodities, did business from there), these posts operated in the manner of the Dutch fur trading operations in New Netherland. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... The Saskatchewan River (Cree: kisiskāciwani-sÄ«piy, swift flowing river)is a major river in Canada, approximately 550 km (340 mi) long, flowing roughly eastward across Saskatchewan and Manitoba to drain into Lake Winnipeg. ... The Red River drainage basin, with the Red River highlighted The Red River in Greater Grand Forks, as viewed from the Grand Forks side of the river The Red River in Fargo-Moorhead, as viewed from the Fargo side of the river For other things named Red River, see the... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... States which were part of New Netherlands Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ...


The Hudson's Bay Company's second inland trading post was established by Samuel Hearne in 1774 in Cumberland House, Saskatchewan.[1] Samuel Hearne (1745 – November 1792), English explorer of northern North America, was born in London. ...


During the spring and summer, First Nations traders, who did the vast majority of the actual trapping, travelled by canoe and were received at the fort to sell their pelts. In exchange they typically received metal tools and hunting gear, often imported by the company from Germany, the centre of inexpensive manufacturing in that era. For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... This article is about the boat. ...

Logo on old fur trading fort
Logo on old fur trading fort

The early coastal factory model contrasted with the system of the French, who established an extensive system of inland posts and sent traders to live among the tribes of the region. After war broke out in Europe between France and England in the 1680s, the two nations regularly sent expeditions to raid and capture each other's fur trading posts. In March 1686, the French sent a raiding party under Chevalier des Troyes over 1300 km (800 miles) to capture the company's posts along James Bay. The French appointed Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, who had shown extreme heroism during the raids, as commander of the company's captured posts. In 1697, d'Iberville commanded a French naval raid on the company's headquarters at York Factory. On the way to the fort, he defeated three ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of the Bay, the largest naval battle in the history of the North American Arctic. D'Iberville's depleted French force captured York Factory by a ruse in which they laid siege to fort while pretending to be a much larger army. York Factory changed hands several times in the next decade. It was finally ceded permanently to what was by then the Kingdom of Great Britain (following the union of Scotland and England in 1707) in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht. After the treaty, the company rebuilt York Factory as a brick star fort at the mouth of the nearby Hayes River, its present location. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x344, 271 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hudsons Bay Company ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x344, 271 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hudsons Bay Company ... Pierre Le Moyne dIberville. ... Combatants France England Commanders Pierre Le Moyne dIberville John Fletcher Strength 1 frigate (44 guns) 3 frigates (124 guns) Casualties 1 ship lost 1 ship sunk 1 ship captured The Battle of Hudsons Bay (also known as the Battle of York Factory or The Battle of the Bay... For an explanation of terms such as Scotland, Wales, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom, see British Isles (terminology). ... The Treaties of Utrecht (April 11, 1713) were signed in Utrecht, a city of the United Provinces. ... Ruperts Land, showing the location of York Factory York Factory was a historic settlement and longtime headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in North America, located on the southwestern shore of Hudson Bay in present-day northeastern Manitoba, Canada. ... Bourtange fortification, restored to 1750 situation, Groningen, Netherlands A Star Fort is a fortification in the style that evolved during the Age of Blackpowder when cannon came to dominate the battlefield. ... The Hayes River is a river in Manitoba, Canada. ...


In its trade with native peoples, the company adopted the widespread use of issuing wool blankets, called Hudson's Bay point blankets, in exchange for the beaver pelts trapped by native hunters. For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... Hudsons Bay point blankets A Hudsons Bay point blanket was a type of wool blanket traded by the Hudsons Bay Company in western Canada and the United States during the 18th and 19th century. ...


A parallel may be drawn between HBC's control over Rupert's Land and the trade monopoly and government functions enjoyed by the Honourable East India Company over India during roughly the same period. The companys flag initially had the flag of England, the St Georges Cross, in the canton The Honourable East India Company (HEIC), often colloquially referred to as John Company, and Company Bahadur in India, was an early joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first...


19th century

HBC coat of arms
HBC coat of arms

In 1821, the North West Company of Montreal and Hudson's Bay Company merged, with a combined territory that was extended by a licence to the North-Western Territory, which reached to the Arctic Ocean on the north and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Before the merger, the employees of the HBC, unlike the North West Company, did not participate in its profits. After the merger, with all of its operations under the management of Sir George Simpson from 1826 to 1860, the company had a corps of commissioned officers, 25 chief factors and 28 chief traders who shared in the profits of the company during the monopoly years. Its trade covered 7 770 000 km² (3,000,000 square miles) and it had 1,500 contract employees.[2]:8–23 These officers, together referred to as the Commissioned Gentlemen, would be promoted first to the rank of Chief Trader. A Chief Trader would be in charge of an individual post and was entitled to one share of the profits of the company. Chief Factors sat in council with the Governors and were the heads of districts. They were entitled to two shares of the profits or the losses of the company. The average income of a Chief Trader was £360 and that of a Chief Factor was £720.[3]:690 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 616 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1460 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 616 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1460 pixel, file size: 1. ... For the grocery chain, see The North West Company The North West Company a fur trading business headquartered in the city of Montreal in British North America from 1779 to 1821. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... The North-Western Territory at its greatest extent, 1859 The North-Western Territory was a region of British North America until 1870. ... George Simpson (Manitoba Museum) Sir George Simpson (1787 – 7 September 1860) was a Scots-Quebecer and employee of the Hudsons Bay Company (HBC). ...

A Hudson's Bay Company post on Lake Winnipeg, circa 1884
A Hudson's Bay Company post on Lake Winnipeg, circa 1884

Although the HBC maintained a monopoly on the fur trade during the early-mid 19th century, there was competition from James Sinclair and Andrew McDermot (Dermott), independent traders in the Red River Colony, who shipped furs by the Red River Trails to Norman Kittson[2]:60–72 a buyer in the United States. Hudsons Bay Company post on Lake Winnipeg, 1884. ... Hudsons Bay Company post on Lake Winnipeg, 1884. ... Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, on Lake Winnipeg Lake Winnipeg (52°30′N 97°47′W) is a very large (24,400 km²) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 km north of the city of Winnipeg. ... Andrew McDermot (1790-1891), was born in Bellangare House, Castlerea, Ireland in 1790, the eldest son of Miles MacDermot and Catherine (Kitty) O’Connor. ... The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300,000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudsons Bay Company under what is referred to as the Selkirk Concession. ... The Red River Trails were a network of ox trails connecting the Red River Colony (Selkirk Settlement) in the Canadian province of Manitoba, with the head of navigation of the Mississippi River at St. ... Norman Wolfred Kittson ( 5 March 1814 – 10 May 1888) was variously a fur trader, steamboat-line operator, and railway entrepreneur. ...


Throughout the 1820s and 1830s the company controlled nearly all trading operations in the Oregon Country, based out of the company headquarters at Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River. Although authority over the region was nominally shared by the United States and Britain through the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, company policy, enforced via Chief Factor John McLoughlin of the company's Columbia District, was to actively discourage U.S. settlement of the territory. The company's effective monopoly on trade virtually forbade any settlement in the region. It established Fort Boise in 1834 (in present-day southwestern Idaho) to compete with the American Fort Hall, 483 km (300 miles) to the east. In 1837 it purchased Fort Hall, also along the route of the Oregon Trail, where the outpost director displayed the abandoned wagons of discouraged settlers to those seeking to move west along the trail. The company's stranglehold on the region was broken by the first successful large wagon train to reach Oregon in 1843, led by Marcus Whitman. In the years that followed, thousands of emigrants poured into the Willamette Valley and in 1846 the United States acquired full authority of the most settled areas of the Oregon Country south of the 49th parallel. McLoughlin, who had once turned away would-be settlers as company director, now welcomed them from his general store at Oregon City and was later proclaimed the "Father of Oregon". The company retains no presence in the Pacific Northwest of the United States today. Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... The Convention of 1818 between the United States and Great Britian, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in United States and the United Kingdom. ... For the survivor of the attacks of September 11, 2001, see John McLoughlin (World Trade Center attack survivor) For articles on John McLaughlin, see John McLaughlin Dr. John McLoughlin, baptised Jean-Baptist McLoughlin, (October 19, 1784 – September 3, 1857) was the Chief Factor of the Columbia Fur District of the... Fort Boise was a fur trading post of the Hudsons Bay Company in Idaho. ... Fort Hall Fort Hall in the United States was a 19th century outpost in the eastern Oregon Country. ... Fort Hall Fort Hall in the United States was a 19th century outpost in the eastern Oregon Country. ... For other uses, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation). ... Marcus Whitman (September 4, 1802–November 29, 1847) was an American physician and missionary in the Oregon Country. ... Emigration is the action and the phenomenon of leaving ones native country to settle abroad. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... Oregon City is the first city in the United States incorporated west of the Rockies. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ...


Also during the 1820s and 1830s, HBC trappers were deeply involved in the early exploration and development of Northern California. Company trapping brigades were sent south from Fort Vancouver, along what became known as the Siskiyou Trail into Northern California as far south as the San Francisco Bay Area. These trapping brigades sent into Northern California faced serious risks, and were often the first to explore what was one of the last regions of North America to remain unexplored by Europeans or Americans. Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... The Siskiyou Trail stretched from Californias Central Valley to Oregons Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path. ... Bay Area redirects here. ...


Between 1820 and 1870, HBC issued its own paper money. The notes, denominated in pounds sterling, were printed in London and issued at the York Factory, Fort Garry and the Red River colony. Paper Money is the second album by the band Montrose. ... For details of notes and coins, see British coinage and British banknotes. ... Ruperts Land, showing the location of York Factory York Factory was a historic settlement and longtime headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in North America, located on the southwestern shore of Hudson Bay in present-day northeastern Manitoba, Canada. ... Upper Fort Garry in the early 1870s Fort Garry also known as Upper Fort Garry was a Hudsons Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. ... The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300,000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudsons Bay Company under what is referred to as the Selkirk Concession. ...


One major event that lead to the demise of the HBC's monopoly in Rupert's Land was the Guillaume Sayer Trial in 1849. Sayer, a Métis trapper and trader, was accused of the illegal trading of furs and brought to trial by the Court of Assiniboia, which was heavily stacked with either HBC officials or HBC supporters. During the trial, a crowd of armed Métis men led by Louis Riel Sr. gathered outside the courtroom, ready to support their Métis brother peacefully or by force if necessary. Although found guilty of illegal trade by Judge Adam Thom, no fine or punishment was levied — many reports state it was due to the intimidating crowd gathered outside the courthouse. With the cry, "Le commerce est libre! Le commerce est libre!" ("Trade is free! Trade is free!"), the HBC could no longer use the courts to enforce their monopoly on the settlers of Red River. Pierre Guillaume Sayer (c. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... Louis Riel Sr. ...


Another factor was the findings of the Palliser Expedition of 1857 to 1860, led by Captain John Palliser. Although the initial report was unfavourable towards settlement, it sparked a debate which ended the myth being propagated by the Hudson's Bay Company that the Canadian West was unfit for agricultural settlement. In 1863, the International Financial Society became the majority shareholders of the HBC. The Palliser Expedition was a British expedition that explored and surveyed the open prairies and rugged wilderness of western Canada from 1857 to 1860. ... John Palliser (January 29, 1817 - August 18, 1887) was an Irish-born Canadian geographer and explorer, and brother of Sir William Palliser. ...


In 1870 the trade monopoly was abolished and trade in the region was opened to any entrepreneur. The company relinquished its ownership of Rupert's Land under the Rupert's Land Act of 1868 enacted by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... The Ruperts Land Act of 1868 was legislation authorizing the transfer of Ruperts Land from the control of the Hudsons Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada. ...


Modern operations

The current HBC logo
HBC Rewards Card
HBC Rewards Card

One aspect of the company's operations was the Hudson's Bay Company Stores, trading posts that were established across northern Canada. Today, this is the only part of the company operation remaining, in the form of department stores under the name The Bay. The first department store opened in Winnipeg, Manitoba in 1881. Others soon followed. Many Hudson's Bay Company stores were, until quite recently, the only stores in remote towns. More recently, the stores in major downtown locations have been transformed into boutiques. Image File history File links HBC_logo. ... Image File history File links HBC_logo. ... HBC Rewards Card. ... HBC Rewards Card. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797...


In 1970, on the 300th birthday of the company, head office functions were transferred from London to Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. As the company expanded into the east, head office functions were moved to Toronto, Ontario, Canada. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ...

The Hudson's Bay Company building in Montreal
The Hudson's Bay Company building in Montreal

Today there are five retail divisions: The Bay, Zellers, Home Outfitters, Designer Depot, and Fields. The Hudsons Bay Company store in Montreal (personal snapshot by Montréalais) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Hudsons Bay Company store in Montreal (personal snapshot by Montréalais) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Bay (disambiguation). ... Zellers Inc. ... Home Outfitters is Canadas largest specialty superstore home goods chain, with 60 stores across the country selling bedding, towels, housewares, and other home accessories for the kitchen, bedroom, and bathroom. ... Designer Depot is a division of Hudsons Bay Company (HBC), a retailer in Canada. ... For the now-defunct chain of department stores in the Midwestern United States, see Marshall Fields Fields is a brand of Canadian discount department stores owned by the Hudsons Bay Company, with 137 locations in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Yukon, and Northwest Territories. ...


Northern Stores are no longer operated by HBC, but by a corporation organized in 1987 under the name The North West Company. Simpson's department stores which were acquired by Hudson's Bay Company in 1979 were converted to The Bay stores in 1991. In the 1970s and 1980s, HBC operated a chain of catalogue stores under the name Shop-Rite. In these stores, little merchandise was displayed openly: customers made their selections from catalogues, and staff would retrieve the merchandise from storerooms. This form of retailing, now largely disappeared, was referred to as "catalogue showroom". For the fur trading company, see North West Company. ... The Robert Simpson Company, or Simpsons, was a Canadian department store chain, founded by Robert Simpson in 1872. ...


The legacy of the HBC has been maintained in part by the detailed record-keeping and archiving of material by the Company. Before 1974, the records of the HBC were kept in the London office headquarters. The HBC opened an Archives department to researchers in 1931. In 1974, the Hudson's Bay Company Archives were transferred from London to their Canadian headquarters in Winnipeg and granted public access to the collection the following year. In 1991 the archival records of the company were donated to the Manitoba Archives in Winnipeg, Manitoba. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797...


In 1987 the HBC sold off its Canadian fur auction business to Hudson's Bay Fur Sales Canada (this company is now known as North American Fur Auctions). In 1991, the Bay agreed to stop selling fur in response to complaints from people opposed to killing animals for this purpose. However, in 1997, the Bay reopened its fur salons to meet the demand of consumers desiring to buy fur. Animal rights groups such as Freedom for Animals have been campaigning to get the Bay to once again stop selling fur. North American Fur Auctions (commonly known as NAFA) is a Canadian company that auctions on consignment fur pelts harvested in Canada and the United States. ... For other uses, see Bay (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... A man holds a monkey with a limb missing by a rope around her neck, a scene epitomizing the idea of animal ownership. ...


In 1994, the HBC donated the Company records to the Province of Manitoba. The appraised value of the records was nearly $60 million. A foundation, funded through the tax savings resulting from the donation, was established to support the operations of the HBCA as a division of the Archives of Manitoba, along with other activities and programs. There are more than two kilometres of documents as well as hundreds of microfilm reels now stored in a special climate-controlled vault in the Manitoba Archives Building.


In December 2003, Maple Leaf Heritage Investments, a Nova Scotia-based company that was created to acquire shares of Hudson's Bay Company, announced that it was considering making an offer to acquire all or some of the common shares of Hudson's Bay Company. Maple Leaf Heritage Investments is a subsidiary of B-Bay Inc., whose CEO and chairman is American businesswoman, Anita Zucker, widow of Jerry Zucker, the head of The InterTech Group Inc., a conglomerate that is the second-largest private firm in the state of South Carolina. Zucker had previously been the head of the Polymer Group that acquired another Canadian institution, the Dominion Textile Company. Motto: Munit Hae et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Largest metro Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto), French Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate... Jerry Zucker (1949 – April 12, 2008) was an Israeli-born American businessman resident in Charleston, South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... The Dominion Textile Inc. ...


On January 26, 2006, HBC's board unanimously agreed to a bid of $15.25 CAD/share from Jerry Zucker, whose original bid was $14.75 CAD/share, ended a prolonged fight between HBC and Zucker, a South Carolina billionaire financier and longtime HBC minority shareholder. In a March 9, 2006 press release, HBC announced that Jerry Zucker would replace George Heller as the new Governor and CEO, to become the first US citizen to lead the company. Zucker's wife, Anita Zucker, was immediately named HBC Governor and HBC Deputy-Governor Rob Johnston named CEO, after the death of her husband from brain cancer (April 14, 2008, CBC Newsworld). is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jerry Zucker (1949 – April 12, 2008) was an Israeli-born American businessman resident in Charleston, South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Heller is the current president and CEO of Hudsons Bay Company. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... CBC Newsworld is a Canadian English language cable television specialty news channel owned and operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). ...


In 2007, the Hudson's Bay Company Archives became part of the United Nations Memory of the World project, under UNESCO. The records covered HBC history from the founding of the company in 1670. The records contained business transactions, medical records, personal journals of officials, inventories, company reports, etc. UN redirects here. ... The Memory of the World International Register is a list of documentary heritage identified by an International Advisory Committee of the UNESCO since 1997. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


On March 2, 2005, the company was announced as the new clothing outfitter for the Canadian Olympic team. The $100 million deal means that The Bay will provide clothing for the 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2012 games. The previous Canadian Olympic wear supplier Roots Canada Ltd. ended its involvement with Canada's Olympic teams in 2004. is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The Roots logo Roots Canada Ltd. ...


Today's modern HBC has diversified into joint ventures and other types of business products. HBC has credit card, mortgage, and personal insurance branches. These other products and services are joint partnerships with other corporations, similar to what President's Choice Financial brands are to Loblaw Companies Limited. HBC also has other HBC Rewards corporate partners such as: Imperial Oil/Esso, M&M Meat Shops, Chapters/Indigo Books, Kelsey's/Montana's Restaurants, Thrifty Car Rental, Cineplex Entertainment Theatres, etc. HBC Rewards points can be redeemed in house or into corporate partners' gift cards and certificates. Points can also be converted to Air Miles. logo of Presidents Choice Financial President’s Choice Financial is a financial institution that offers banking services through a joint venture between Loblaw Companies (a supermarket chain) and CIBC (a major Canadian bank). ... Loblaw Companies Limited is the largest food retailer in Canada, with over 1,690 supermarkets operating under a variety of names including: Atlantic Superstore, Atlantic SuperValu, Atlantic Cash & Carry, SaveEasy, Dominion-Superstores, Extra Foods, Maxi, Provigo, Fortinos, Loblaws, No Frills, Real Canadian Superstore, Valu-Mart, Your Independent Grocer, and Zehrs. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with loyalty program. ... Imperial Oil Limited TSX: IMO AMEX: IMO is Canadas largest petroleum company. ... This article is about the trade name. ... M&M Meat Shops (Les aliments M&M in Quebec) is the largest specialty frozen food store chain in Canada. ... Chapters old and new logos, respectively Chapters is a Big Box bookstore chain throughout Canada. ... Indigo is the color on the spectrum between about 450 and 420 nm in wavelength, placing it between blue and violet. ... Kelseys Neighbourhood Bar & Grill is a Canadian bar and grill restaurant headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario. ... Montanas Cookhouse is a Canadian restaurant headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario. ... Thrifty Car Rental is a rental car company based in Tulsa, Oklahoma. ... Cineplex Entertainment LP, based in Toronto, Ontario, is a limited partnership which operates Canadas largest chain of movie theatres. ... This article is about the reward program. ...


HBC is involved in community and charity activities. The HBC Rewards Community Program help fund raise for community causes. HBC Foundation is a charity agency involved in social issues and service. HBC is also the sponsor of the annual HBC Run For Canada marathons in major Canadian cities. The marathons fund raise to support Canada's athletes in pursuing their Olympic dreams of potentially winning medals and other opportunities that may follow (http://www.hbcrunforcanada.ca/2008/index.php). Modern-day marathon runners For other senses of this word, see Marathon (disambiguation). ... Olympic can mean: Olympic Games, an international multi-sport event: Olympic Games, the modern games held since 1896 Ancient Olympic Games, the ancient games held in Olympia, Greece between 776 BC and 393 AD Olympic (band), a Czech rock band Olympic (MTR) A MTR station in Hong Kong Olympic Airlines...


Rent obligation under Charter

Under the charter forming the Hudson's Bay Company, the company was required to give two elk skins and two black beaver pelts to the English King, then Charles II, or his heirs, whenever they visit an area that was formerly Rupert's Land. The ceremony was first conducted with the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII) in 1927, then with King George VI in 1939, and last with his daughter, Queen Elizabeth II in 1959 and 1970. On the last such visit, the pelts were given in the form of two live beavers, which the Queen donated to the Winnipeg Zoo.[4] However, when the Company permanently moved its headquarters to Canada, the Charter was amended to remove the rent obligation.[5] Each of the four "rent ceremonies" took place in or around Winnipeg. For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Beaver (disambiguation). ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... This article is about the trading territory. ... Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of Great Britain, Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from the death of his father, George V (1910–36), on 20... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


It is, however, a persistent urban legend that the company would lose its charter if it did not give the Monarch the rent any time she visits Western Canada, and so, it is alleged, there are furs and blankets stored at a Bay store in each city, with the manager prepared to rush to the airport and present them to the Queen should her plane touch down, even to refuel. For other uses, see Urban legend (disambiguation). ...


Corporate governance

Current members of the board of directors of the Hudson's Bay Company are: Chairman of the Board redirects here. ...

  • Anita Zucker
  • Peter C. Bourgeois
  • Paul Campoli
  • George Heller
  • James A. Ingram
  • Alexamder Borjes Wilder
  • Michael P. Lowry
  • Michael Rousseau
  • Brice Sweatt
  • Ambram Steinberkman

George Heller is the current president and CEO of Hudsons Bay Company. ...

Governors

For other uses, see Prince Rupert (disambiguation). ... James II and VII (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701)[2] was King of England, King of Scots,[1] and King of Ireland from 6 February 1685 to 11 December 1688. ... John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (26 May 1650 – 16 June 1722) (O.S)[1] was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs throughout the late 17th and early 18th centuries. ... Sir William Trumbull (8 September 1639-14 December 1716) was an English statesman who held high office as a member of the First Whig Junto. ... William Baker MP (born 1705) was a businessman and politician. ... John Shepherd can refer to: John Shepherd, is an American actor who is best known for his roll as Tommy Jarvis in Friday the 13th: A New Beginning. ... Sir Edmund Walker Head (February 16, 1805-January 28, 1868) was British colonial administrator. ... The Rt Hon. ... George Joachim Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen (10 August 1831 - 7 February 1907) was a British statesman and businessman ironically best remembered for being forgotten by Lord Randolph Churchill. ... Eden Colvile (1819-1893) was born in Langley, near Beckenham, England, son of Andrew Colvile and Mary Louisa Eden. ... Donald Alexander Smith Donald Alexander Smith (August 6, 1820 – January 21, 1914) was a Scottish born Canadian fur trader, financier, railroad baron and politician. ... Robert Molesworth Kindersley, 1st Baron Kindersley (November 21, 1871 - July 20, 1954) was a British businessman and banker. ... William Keswick The Keswick family have had practically continuous and direct association with the Far East ever since Mr. ... Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Viscount Amory (26 December 1899 - 20 January 1981) was a British Conservative politician. ... L. Yves Fortier CC, BA, BLitt, BCL (born 1935) is a Canadian trial lawyer, businessman, and diplomat. ... Jerry Zucker (1949 – April 12, 2008) was an Israeli-born American businessman resident in Charleston, South Carolina. ...

Rivals

Rivals to HBC included:

Ivan IV of Russia demonstrates his treasures to the English ambassador (1875) The Muscovy Company (also called Russian Company or Muscovy Trading Company, Russian: Московская компания), was a trading company chartered in 1555. ... This article is about the trading company. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... The companys flag initially had the flag of England, the St Georges Cross, in the canton The Honourable East India Company (HEIC), often colloquially referred to as John Company, and Company Bahadur in India, was an early joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first... Hogarthian image of the South Sea Bubble, by Edward Matthew Ward, Tate Gallery The South Sea Company (1711 – c1850s) was an English company granted a monopoly to trade with South America under a treaty with Spain. ... The American Fur Company was founded by John Jacob Astor in 1808. ... For the grocery chain, see The North West Company The North West Company a fur trading business headquartered in the city of Montreal in British North America from 1779 to 1821. ...

See also

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with loyalty program. ... The Hudsons Bay Company, like most large retail and grocery chains, offers store brands, commonly referred to as generic brands, which are lower cost alternatives to name brand products. ... Ivan IV of Russia demonstrates his treasures to the English ambassador (1875) The Muscovy Company (also called Russian Company or Muscovy Trading Company, Russian: Московская компания), was a trading company chartered in 1555. ... The American Fur Company was founded by John Jacob Astor in 1808. ... For the survivor of the attacks of September 11, 2001, see John McLoughlin (World Trade Center attack survivor) For articles on John McLaughlin, see John McLaughlin Dr. John McLoughlin, baptised Jean-Baptist McLoughlin, (October 19, 1784 – September 3, 1857) was the Chief Factor of the Columbia Fur District of the... James Douglas Sir James Douglas, K.C.B, (August 15, 1803 – August 2, 1877), was born of a Scottish father and Creole mother in Demerara. ... Fort Langley, is a Parks Canada National historic site, a former trading post of the Hudsons Bay Company, now located in the village of Fort Langley, British Columbia. ... Fort Nisqually is a living history museum located in Tacoma, Washington, USA, within the boundaries of Point Defiance Park. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the companys Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country). ... Inside Fort Victoria, looking out the East Gate Fort Victoria was a fur trading post of the Hudson’s Bay Company, the headquarters of HBC operations in British Columbia. ... Columbia District was a regional department of the Hudsons Bay Company, and included all of the Columbia River basin, extending as far north as the Thompson River. ... British colonization of the Americas (including colonization under the Kingdom of England before the 1707 Acts of Union created the Kingdom of Great Britain) began in the late 16th century, before reaching its peak after colonies were established throughout the Americas, and a protectorate was established in Hawaii. ... // This is a list of department stores. ... The North-West Rebellion (or North-West Resistance or the Saskatchewan Rebellion) was a brief and unsuccessful attempt by the Métis people of Saskatchewan to establish their own sovereign nation independent of the Dominion of Canada. ... The Red River Colony was a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300 000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudsons Bay Company under what is referred to as the Selkirk Concession. ...

References

  1. ^ Our History: People. Hudson's Bay Company. Retrieved on 2007-11-14.
  2. ^ a b Galbraith, John S. (1957). The Hudson's Bay Company As an Imperial Factor 1821–1869. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 
  3. ^ Morton, Arthur S; (Lewis G Thomas) [1939] (1973). A History of the Canadian West to 1870-71, 2nd ed, Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-4033-0. 
  4. ^ Urban Legends Reference Pages: Fur the Queen
  5. ^ Hbc Heritage – Our History – Business

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Bryce, George. The Remarkable History of the Hudson's Bay Company, Including That of the French Traders of North-Western Canada and of the North-West, XY, and Astor Fur Companies. New York: B. Franklin, 1968.
  • Dillon, Richard H. Siskiyou Trail The Hudson's Bay Company Route to California. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975. ISBN 0070169802
  • MacKay, Douglas. The Honourable Company; A History of the Hudson's Bay Company. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1936.
  • Murray, Alexander Hunter. Expedition to Build a Hudson's Bay Company Post on the Yukon. 1848.
  • Newman, Peter Charles. Empire of the Bay An Illustrated History of the Hudson's Bay Company. Markham, Ont: Viking Studio, 1989. ISBN 0670829692
  • Simmons, Deidre. Keepers of the Record The History of the Hudson's Bay Company Archives. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2007. ISBN 9780773532915

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... The arms of the British South Africa Company A chartered company is an association formed by investors or shareholders for the purpose of trade, exploration and colonisation. ... Ivan IV of Russia demonstrates his treasures to the English ambassador (1875) The Muscovy Company (also called Russian Company or Muscovy Trading Company, Russian: Московская компания), was a trading company chartered in 1555. ... This article is about the trading company. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Hogarthian image of the South Sea Bubble by Edward Matthew Ward, Tate Gallery More well known than The South Sea Company is perhaps the South Sea Bubble (1711 - September 1720) which is the name given to the economic bubble that occurred through overheated speculation in the company shares during 1720. ... Virginia Company of London Seal The London Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I on April 10, 1606 with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America. ... The 1606 grants by James I to the London and Plymouth companies. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Orkneyjar - Stromness and The Hudson's Bay Company (566 words)
In 1870 the company's territories were acquired by the Dominion of Canada in return for an indemnity of £300,000 and a land grant of 2,835,000 hectares - about seven million acres.
Parts of the company's once vast land empire were sold, the income from these sales added to the assets of the company for enterprises in new fields including a steamship line and department stores.
From the company's early days, their ships regularly called into Stromness for supplies and to hire labour - an important source of employment for the islanders was the "Nor-Wast" and from around 1702 the company recruited in Stromness.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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