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Encyclopedia > Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
The Metrodome, The Homerdome,
The Thunderdome, The Humpty Dump

Location 900 South 5th St.
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55415
Opened April 3, 1982
Owner Metropolitan Sports Facilities Commission of Minnesota
Surface FieldTurf (2004 – present)
AstroTurf (19872003)
SuperTurf (19821986)
Construction cost $68 million
Architect Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Tenants Minnesota Vikings (NFL) (1982–present)
Minnesota Golden Gophers (NCAA baseball) (1st half of season 1985- present)
Minnesota Twins (AL) (19822009)
Minnesota Golden Gophers (NCAA football) (19822008)
Minnesota Strikers (NASL) (1984)
Minnesota Timberwolves (NBA) (1989–1990)
Super Bowl XXVI
NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament (1992, 2001)
Capacity Baseball: 46,564[1] (expandable to 55,883)
Football: 64,111
Basketball: 50,000[2]
Field dimensions Left Field - 343 ft (105 m)
Left-Center - 385 ft (117 m) (Not posted)
Center Field - 408 ft (124 m)
Right-Center - 367 ft (112 m) (Not posted)
Right Field - 327 ft (100 m)
Backstop - 60 ft (18 m)
Dome Apex - 186 ft (57 m)
Wall - 7 feet (left and center field)
Wall - 16 feet (right field)


The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, often simply called The Metrodome, is a domed sports stadium in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. It replaced Metropolitan Stadium, which was on the current site of the Mall of America in Bloomington, and Memorial Stadium on the University of Minnesota campus. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 583 pixels Full resolution (2024 × 1476 pixel, file size: 2. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... The wide plain of FieldTurf used at Torontos Rogers Centre was installed after the 2004 baseball season. ... // On January 28, International Olympic Committee Vice-President Kim Un-yong is arrested on charges of corruption in Seoul. ... This article is about artificial grass. ... See also: 1986 in sports, other events of 1987, 1988 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Bill Elliott won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champions: Paul Hamm, USA, Yang Wei, China Womens all-around champion: Svetlana Khorkina, Russia Mens team competition champion: China Womens team competition champion: USA April 13 — Rotterdam Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: William Kiplagat (KEN) 2:07:42 Women... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... See also: 1985 in sports, other events of 1986, 1987 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Geoff Bodine won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal Indianapolis 500 - Bobby Rahal Formula One Championship - Alain Prost of France 24... USD redirects here. ... The architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP (SOM) was formed in Chicago in 1936 by Louis Skidmore and Nathaniel Owings; in 1939 they were joined by John Merrill. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... NFL redirects here. ... The 1982 NFL season was the 63th regular season of the National Football League. ... The Minnesota Golden Gophers are the college sports team for the University of Minnesota. ... NCAA redirects here. ... See also: 1984 in sports, other events of 1985, 1986 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Bill Elliott won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Ken Schrader enters NASCAR CART Racing - Al Unser Sr won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Danny... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1982 throughout the world. ... See also:2008 in sports, 2010 in sports, list of years in sports. Scheduled Events February 1 - Superbowl XLIII, Tampa, Florida Template:March 2-20 - 2009 World Baseball Classic, Orlando, [[Florida[[ June 14 - World Games 2009 in Kaohsiung City, Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) World Gymnastics Championships 2009, London Cricket - Provisional schedule... The University of Minnesota Golden Gophers are one of the oldest and most storied programs in college football history. ... NCAA redirects here. ... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... // July 15 - MLB All-Star Game held at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York February — NBA All-Star Game held at New Orleans Arena in New Orleans, Louisiana May 2 - May 4 — Euroleague Final Four at the Madrid Sports Palace in Madrid January 21 - January 27: European Figure Skating Championships... The Minnesota Strikers were an American professional soccer franchise located in the Minneapolis/St. ... North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... NBA redirects here. ... The 1989-90 NBA Season was the 44th season of the National Basketball Association. ... The 1989-90 NBA Season was the 44th season of the National Basketball Association. ... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... The NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship is held each spring featuring 65 of the top college basketball teams in the United States. ... This article is about the sport. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... This article is about the sport. ... Hubert Horatio Humphrey II (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was the 38th Vice President of the United States, serving under President Lyndon Johnson. ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league... Mall of America (also MOA, MoA, or the Megamall) is a shopping mall located in the Twin Cities suburb of Bloomington, Minnesota. ... location in Hennepin County, Minnesota Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Hennepin Founded 1843 Incorporated 1858 Mayor Gene Winstead Area    - City 99. ... Memorial Stadium also known as the Old Brickhouse was the home of Minnesota Golden Gophers football from 1924 until 1981. ... University of Minnesota Twin Cities This article is about the oldest and largest campus of the University of Minnesota. ...


The Metrodome is home to the following sports teams:

It was the home at one time for: League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... NFL redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... The University of Minnesota Golden Gophers are one of the oldest and most storied programs in college football history. ... For other uses of the term Big Ten see Big Ten (disambiguation). ... The Minnesota Golden Gophers are the college sports team for the University of Minnesota. ... Siebert Field is the on-campus stadium at the University of Minnesota where the Minnesota Golden Gophers baseball team currently plays. ... For other uses of the term Big Ten see Big Ten (disambiguation). ...

Common notable nicknames include The Dome or the HHH Metrodome, and often nicknamed the Homerdome (even though in reality it is no easier to hit a home run than average).[3] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... NBA redirects here. ... The 1989-90 NBA Season was the 44th season of the National Basketball Association. ... The 1989-90 NBA Season was the 44th season of the National Basketball Association. ... The Minnesota Strikers were an American professional soccer franchise located in the Minneapolis/St. ... North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... Soccer redirects here. ... See also: 1983 in sports, other events of 1984, 1985 in sports and the list of years in sports. Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Terry Labonte Cale Yarborough won the Daytona 500 Richard Petty won the 200th (and final) race of his career on July 4. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Homerun redirects here. ...


It is the only public stadium in the United States that does not rely on a continuing tax subsidy to finance operations, maintenance or debt payments.[4]

Contents

History

The entrance
The entrance

The Metrodome arose because its main tenants, the Twins and Vikings, grew dissatisfied with Metropolitan Stadium during the 1970s. The Twins weren't happy with the frequently harsh weather conditions early and late in the baseball season, while the Vikings weren't happy with its relatively small capacity for football (just under 48,500). In addition, the stadium was not well maintained; broken railings could be seen in the third deck by the early 1970s. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league...


Construction success of other domed stadiums, particularly the Silverdome near Detroit, paved the way for voters to approve funding for a new stadium. Downtown Minneapolis was beginning a revitalization program, and the return of professional sports from suburban Bloomington was seen as a major success story. A professional team hadn't been based in downtown Minneapolis since the Minneapolis Lakers left for Los Angeles in 1960. A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Construction on the Metrodome began on December 20, 1979 and was funded by the state of Minnesota. Uncovering the Dome by Amy Klobuchar (now a U.S. Senator) describes the ten-year effort to build the venue.[5] The stadium was named in memoriam to former mayor of Minneapolis, U.S. Senator and U.S. Vice President, Hubert Humphrey, who had died in 1978.[6] is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Alexander Dityatin, USSR Womens all-around champion: Nellie Kim, USSR Mens team competition champion: USSR Womens team competition champion: Romania Best Year Performance  Guido Kratschmer  – 8476 points July 14 — Pan American Games Marathon, San Juan, Puerto Rico Men... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Amy Jean Klobuchar (pronounced KLOH-buh-shar) (born May 25, 1960) is the junior United States Senator from Minnesota. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Dick Cheney 46th and current Vice President (2001- ) The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. ... For other uses, see Hubert Humphrey (disambiguation). ...


The Metrodome cost $68 million to build--roughly $2 million under budget, a rarity for modern stadiums. It is a somewhat utilitarian facility, though not quite as spartan as Metropolitan Stadium. One stadium official once said that all the Metrodome was designed to do was "get fans in, let 'em see a game, and let 'em go home." [7]


Major events

The 1985 MLB All-Star Game, games of the 1987 and the 1991 World Series, Super Bowl XXVI in 1992, were all held at the Metrodome. This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... 1987 World Series Logo The 1987 World Series was played from October 17 to October 25, 1987 between the Minnesota Twins and the St. ... Dates October 19, 1991–October 27, 1991 MVP Jack Morris (Minnesota) Television network CBS Announcers Jack Buck, Tim McCarver Umpires Don Denkinger (AL), Harry Wendelstedt (NL), Drew Coble (AL), Terry Tata (NL), Rick Reed (AL), Ed Montague (NL) The 1991 World Series was played between the Minnesota Twins (95-67... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... // August 1 — Olympic Marathon, Barcelona (Spain) Womens Winner: Valentina Yegorova (EUN) 2:32:41 August 9 — Olympic Marathon, Barcelona (Spain) Mens Winner: Hwang Young-Cho (KOR) 2:13:23 October 11 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Willie Mtolo (RSA) 2:13:39 Womens Winner: Natalia Repescko...


The NCAA Final Four was held at the Metrodome in 1992 and 2001. Duke University was the winner on both occasions. The Metrodome has also served as one of the four regional venues for the Final Four in 1986, 1989, 1996, 2000, 2003 and most recently, 2006. This article is about NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. ... The 1992 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 2001 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 65 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... NCAA Tournament Champions 1991, 1992, 2001 NCAA Tournament Final Four 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1999, 2001, 2004 Conference Tournament Champions 1938, 1941, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1986, 1988, 1992, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006 Conference Regular Season... The 1986 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 1989 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 1996 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 2000 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 2003 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 65 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 2006 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 65 schools playing in a single-elimination tournament to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ...


The Metrodome is the only venue to host an MLB All-Star Game (1985), a Super Bowl (1992), an NCAA Final Four (1992 & 2001), and a World Series (1987 & 1991). The Metrodome has been recognized as one of the loudest domed venues in which to view a game, due in part to the fact sound is recycled throughout the stadium because of the domed roof. Stadium loudness is a hot sports marketing issue, as the noise lends the home team a home advantage against the visiting team. Prior to the construction of Qwest Field home of the Seattle Seahawks the NFL had named the Metrodome the loudest NFL stadium, a title which Qwest now holds.[citation needed] During the 1987 World Series and 1991 World Series, peak decibel levels were measured at 125 and 118 respectively--both close to the threshold of pain.[8] This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... The 1992 NFL season was the 73th regular season of the National Football League. ... The 1992 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 64 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... The 2001 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament involved 65 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of mens NCAA Division I college basketball. ... 1987 World Series Logo The 1987 World Series was played from October 17 to October 25, 1987 between the Minnesota Twins and the St. ... Dates October 19, 1991–October 27, 1991 MVP Jack Morris (Minnesota) Television network CBS Announcers Jack Buck, Tim McCarver Umpires Don Denkinger (AL), Harry Wendelstedt (NL), Drew Coble (AL), Terry Tata (NL), Rick Reed (AL), Ed Montague (NL) The 1991 World Series was played between the Minnesota Twins (95-67... Sport marketing (or sports marketing in the United States) refers to the specific application of marketing principles and processes to sport products (e. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Qwest Field is a stadium built for football and soccer located in Seattle, Washington. ... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... 1987 World Series Logo The 1987 World Series was played from October 17 to October 25, 1987 between the Minnesota Twins and the St. ... Dates October 19, 1991–October 27, 1991 MVP Jack Morris (Minnesota) Television network CBS Announcers Jack Buck, Tim McCarver Umpires Don Denkinger (AL), Harry Wendelstedt (NL), Drew Coble (AL), Terry Tata (NL), Rick Reed (AL), Ed Montague (NL) The 1991 World Series was played between the Minnesota Twins (95-67... Sound pressure is the pressure deviation from the local ambient pressure caused by a sound wave. ... Fig. ...


Features

The roof

The Metrodome roof.
The Metrodome roof.

The Metrodome's roof is made of two layers of Teflon coated fiberglass fabric, and is an air-supported structure supported by positive air pressure. It requires 250,000 ft³/min (120 m³/s) of air to keep it inflated. It is reputed to be the largest application of Teflon on Earth. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Teflon is a trademark of DuPont and is commonly used for the chemical compound polytetrafluoroethylene. ... Bundle of fiberglass Fiberglass (also called fibreglass and glass fibre) is material made from extremely fine fibers of glass. ... An air-supported structure is any kind of structure that is created by using pressurized air to inflate a pliable envelope, so that air is the main support of the structure. ...


To maintain the differential air pressure, spectators usually enter and leave the seating and concourse areas through revolving doors, since the use of regular doors without an airlock would cause significant loss of air pressure. The double-walled construction allows warmed air to circulate beneath the top of the dome, melting accumulated snow. A sophisticated environmental control center in the lower part of the stadium is manned to monitor weather and make adjustments in air distribution to maintain the roof.


Three times in the stadium's history, heavy snows have caused a small puncture in the roof and caused it to deflate. Varying air pressure due to a severe storm once contributed to a dramatic deflation during a regular season baseball game. On November 19, 1981, a rapid accumulation of over a foot of snow caused the roof to collapse, requiring it to be re-inflated. is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


On April 27, 1986, a severe thunderstorm rocked the stadium and its roof, and disabled power. (Green Cathedrals,1992 edition,p.57) See also: 1985 in sports, other events of 1986, 1987 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Geoff Bodine won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal Indianapolis 500 - Bobby Rahal Formula One Championship - Alain Prost of France 24...


Because it is unusually low to the playing field (172 feet/52.4 m), the air-inflated dome is occasionally touched by baseballs, altering play. Major League Baseball has specific ground rules for the Metrodome. Any ball which strikes the Dome roof remains in play; if it lands in foul territory it becomes a foul ball, if it lands in fair territory it becomes a fair ball. Any ball which becomes caught in the roof over fair ground (which has only happened twice in its history - Dave Kingman for the Oakland Athletics on May 4,1984 (Green Cathedrals,1992 edition,p.57), and Corey Koskie in 2004) - is a ground rule double. More common is for a ball to strike an overhead speaker, which are even closer to the playing surface; such balls are also alive and in-play (although starting with the 2005 MLB season, the ground rules for balls hitting the speakers have been changed as David Ortiz of the Boston Red Sox discovered when a deep fly ball that would have been a home run excepting speaker interference bounced off a speaker and landed in fair territory. (Ortiz was awarded a single and the Twins went on to win the game). The low roof has never been a concern for events other than baseball. David Arthur Kingman (born December 21, 1948 in Pendleton, Oregon), nicknamed Kong and Sky King, is a former Major League Baseball slugger who played for the San Francisco Giants (1971-1974), New York Mets (1975-1977, 1981-1983), San Diego Padres (1977), California Angels (1977), New York Yankees (1977), Chicago... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 1984 throughout the world. ... Cordel Leonard Corey Koskie (born June 28, 1973 in Anola, Manitoba, Canada) is a Major League Baseball player currently with the Milwaukee Brewers. ... The 2004 MLB season was the 101st season of Major League Baseball. ... In baseball, a ground rule double is any award of two bases from the time of pitch to all baserunners including the batter-runner. ... The 2005 MLB season was the 102nd season of Major League Baseball. ... David Ortiz (IPA , or roughly or-TEES, according to Latin American pronunciation) (born November 18, 1975 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, as David Américo Ortiz Arias), is a Major League Baseball designated hitter who plays for the Boston Red Sox (since 2003). ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... The Boston Red Sox are a Major League Baseball team located in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


The field

The field at the Metrodome, baseball configuration
The field at the Metrodome, baseball configuration

During its early years of operation, the field at the Metrodome was surfaced with SuperTurf,[9]. The surface, also known as SporTurf, was very bouncy--so bouncy, in fact, that Billy Martin once protested a game after seeing a base hit that would normally be a pop single turn into a ground rule double.[7] Baseball and football players alike complained that it was too hard. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 262 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 262 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Metadata... Alfred Manuel Billy Martin (May 16, 1928 – December 25, 1989) was an American second baseman and manager in Major League Baseball. ...


This surface was upgraded to Astroturf in 1987, and in 2004, the sports commission had a newer artificial surface, called FieldTurf, installed. FieldTurf is thought to be a closer approximation to natural grass than Astroturf in its softness, appearance, and feel. This article is about artificial grass. ... See also: 1986 in sports, other events of 1987, 1988 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Bill Elliott won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... // On January 28, International Olympic Committee Vice-President Kim Un-yong is arrested on charges of corruption in Seoul. ... The wide plain of FieldTurf used at Torontos Rogers Centre was installed after the 2004 baseball season. ...


Plexiglas

Before the mid-1990s, the left-field wall included a six-foot clear Plexiglas screen for a total height of 13 feet. It was off of this Plexiglas wall that Twins player Kirby Puckett jumped to rob Ron Gant of the Atlanta Braves of an extra-base hit during Game 6 of the 1991 World Series (a game that Puckett would win with an 11th-inning walkoff homer) - in later years, with the Plexiglas removed, it would have been a potential home run ball. The following are the baseball events of the year 1990 throughout the world. ... Kirby Puckett (March 14, 1960 [1] – March 6, 2006) was a center fielder in Major League Baseball who played his entire career with the Minnesota Twins from 1984 to 1995. ... 1993 Topps stadium club baseball card, featuring Ron Gant Ronald Edwin Gant (born March 2, 1965 in Victoria, Texas) is a former American Major League outfielder and second baseman earlier on who played for the Atlanta Braves (1987-1993), Cincinnati Reds (1995), St. ... Dates October 19, 1991–October 27, 1991 MVP Jack Morris (Minnesota) Television network CBS Announcers Jack Buck, Tim McCarver Umpires Don Denkinger (AL), Harry Wendelstedt (NL), Drew Coble (AL), Terry Tata (NL), Rick Reed (AL), Ed Montague (NL) The 1991 World Series was played between the Minnesota Twins (95-67... In baseball, a walk-off home run is a home run which ends the game. ... Homerun redirects here. ...


The Baggie

The Metrodome's "baggie" in right field.
The Metrodome's "baggie" in right field.

The Metrodome's right-field wall is composed of the seven-foot-high (2.1 m) fence around the whole outfield and a 16-foot-high (4.9 m) plastic wall extension in right field, known as the "Baggie" or the "Hefty Bag." The seats above and behind the Baggie are home run territory; the Baggie itself is part of the outfield wall. Fenway Park's "Green Monster," a comparable but taller feature, is 17 feet (5.2 m) closer to home plate than the Baggie is, so batters who hit short, high fly balls are not typically helped by it. However, it is an attractive target for left-handed power hitters, and it is not uncommon for upper-deck home runs to be hit to right field. When in a rectangular configuration for football and other small-field events, the Baggie is taken down and the seats behind it extend to form complete lower-deck seating. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 472 pixelsFull resolution (1830 × 1079 pixel, file size: 679 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Created by user and released into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 472 pixelsFull resolution (1830 × 1079 pixel, file size: 679 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Created by user and released into the public domain. ... Fenway redirects here. ... This article is about the left-field wall at Fenway Park. ... Homerun redirects here. ...


Controversy

Since the stadium was built, the economics of sports marketing have changed. Teams are charging higher prices for tickets, and are demanding more amenities such as bigger clubhouses / locker rooms, more luxury suites, and more concession revenue. To that end, pressure has been applied by team owners, media, and fans to have the State of Minnesota provide newer, better facilities to host the teams. The Metrodome has served its primary purpose, to provide a climate-controlled facility in which to host the three sports tenants in Minnesota with the largest attendance. The indoor venue is particularly welcome in the highly variable climate of Minnesota. Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwestern portion of the United States. ...


The Metrodome is thought to be an increasingly poor fit for all three of its major tenants (the Twins, the Vikings and the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers football team). These tenants say the Dome is nearing the end of its useful lifespan. Two tenants, the Twins and the Gophers, already have taken the steps to move out. The Vikings are seeking a new stadium. The building itself is structurally sound and could last decades without major repairs. The Minnesota Golden Gophers are the college sports team for the University of Minnesota. ...


Nature of professional sports franchises

It is impossible for the citizens of mid-sized U.S. metropolitan areas, such as the Twin Cities, to be assured that any given professional sports team will remain in the area. The Minnesota Vikings organization has offered alternative locations, as has the Twins organization. The Twins were even a target of a possible baseball contraction threat through 2001-2002.


Previously in the Twin Cities, the threat of franchise relocation has been realized with the Minnesota North Stars' move to Dallas, and much earlier the Lakers' move to Los Angeles. The Twin Cities have also gained a relocated franchise when the Washington Senators became the Twins. The sports fans in the city hope new revenue-generating facilities will commit teams to remaining in the market. The much-praised Xcel Energy Center (created for the expansion Minnesota Wild NHL team), and the Target Center, were both widely regarded state-of-the-art facilities at their construction. Compared to contemporary structures, the Metrodome was superior to the Metropolitan Stadium and compared favorably with many others. However, with public support finally growing for replacement projects for "the Dome"'s three tenants and newer, more spectacular facilities built in other cities, its end may be drawing near. The Minnesota North Stars were a professional ice hockey team in the National Hockey League between 1967 and 1993. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... The Xcel Energy Center as it appeared during the 2004 NHL All-Star Weekend. ... The Minnesota Wild is a professional mens ice hockey team based in Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The Target Center The Target Center is an arena in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota sponsored by Target Corporation that is home to the National Basketball Associations Minnesota Timberwolves and Womens National Basketball Associations Minnesota Lynx. ...


Stadium neighborhood

Development in the Downtown East neighborhood around the Metrodome took many years to materialize. For many years there were few public houses or restaurants nearby for fans to gather. Tailgating was expressly forbidden in most parking areas. The City of Minneapolis was directing the development of the entertainment districts along Seven corners in Cedar-Riverside, Hennepin Avenue, and the Warehouse district. The Metrodome existed among a number of parking areas built upon old rail yards, along with run-down factories and warehouses. The Metrodome is not connected to the Skyway system, although that was planned in 1989 to be completed in time to host Super Bowl XXVI. Only in recent years has redevelopment began moving Southeast to reach the Metrodome. More restaurants, hotels, and condominiums have been built nearby. The Hiawatha light rail line has connected the Minneapolis entertainment district with the Metrodome. Downtown East is an official neighborhood in Minneapolis, part of the larger Central community. ... The Cedar-Riverside neighborhood of Minneapolis is commonly referred to as the West Bank. ... The North Loop neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota is nestled between the central business district and the Mississippi River. ... In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. ... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ...


Baseball

Action during a Twins game during the 2004 ALDS.
Action during a Twins game during the 2004 ALDS.

The Twins have won two World Series championships in the Metrodome (and winning both Series by winning all four games held at the Dome). The loud noise, white roof, quick turf, and the right-field wall (or "Baggie") can provide a substantial home-field advantage for the Twins. Image File history File links Metrodome_ALDS_Oct_2004. ... Image File history File links Metrodome_ALDS_Oct_2004. ... The 2004 American League Division Series (ALDS), the opening round of the 2004 American League playoffs, began on Tuesday, October 5, and ended on Saturday, October 9, with the champions of the three AL divisions – along with a wild card team – participating in two best-of-five series. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... In team sports, a team representing a city or a region is to be that areas home team. ...


The stadium is also used by the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers during February and March because of weather; furthermore, the team often plays the major tournaments at the Dome, which includes the Dairy Queen Shootout, where three other major Division I baseball teams play in an invitational. Some early Big Ten conference games are played at the Metrodome, and the Golden Gophers take advantage of the home field advantage during the early part of the season before the weather warms, and the Gophers can play games on-campus.


Sight lines

The Metrodome is not a true multipurpose stadium. Rather, it was built as a football stadium that can convert into a baseball stadium. The seating configuration is almost rectangular in shape--something that suits football very well. The seats along the four straight sides directly face their corresponding seats on the opposite side, while the seats in the corners are four quarter-circles.


However, in most cases, this results in poor sight lines for baseball. For instance, the seats directly along the left field line face the center field and right field fences. Unlike other major league parks, there are no seats down to field level.[7] Even the closest front-row seats are at least 5 or 6 feet above the field.


The way that many seats are situated forces some fans to crane their necks to see the area between the pitcher's mound and home plate. Some fans near the foul poles may have to turn more than 80 degrees, compared to less than 70 with Yankee Stadium or 75 degrees at Camden Yards. For that reason, the seats down the left field line are typically among the last ones sold; the (less expensive) outfield lower deck seating tends to fill up sooner. Nearly 1,400 seats have obscured or partial visibility to the playing field -- some of them due to the right field upper deck being directly above (and somewhat overhanging) the folded-up football seats behind right field; and some of them due to steel beams in the back rows of the upper deck which are part of the dome's support system. The pitcher moves forward off the rubber as the pitch is released. ... Home plate is the final base in baseball and related games that a player must touch to score. ... This page is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ... Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a baseball stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland, which was completed in 1992 to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. ...


On the plus side, there is relatively little foul territory, which is not typical of most domed stadiums. Also, with the infield placed near one corner, the seats near home plate and the dugouts, where most game action occurs, have some of the closest views in Major League Baseball. Seats in these areas are popularly known as "the baseball section". In 2007, some extra rows (normally used only for football) were retained for baseball, in the area behind home plate. The sight lines are also very good in the right field corner area, which faces the infield and is closer to the action than the left field corner.


The Twins stopped selling several seats in sections 203-212 of the upper level in 1996. This area is curtained off except during the postseason.


Playing area

The Metrodome is widely thought of as a hitter's park, with a low (7 foot) left-field fence (343 foot) that favors right-handed power hitters, and the higher (23 foot) but closer (327 foot) right-field Baggie that favors left-handed power hitters.[10] Because the roof is very nearly the same color as a baseball, and transmits light, the Metrodome has a far higher error incidence than a normal stadium during day games, so instead of losing a fly ball in the sun, as is common for non-roofed stadiums, fly balls can easily get lost in the ceiling. In baseball, a slugger is a powerful batter with a high percentage of extra base hits, but may not have a high batting average. ... A baseball A baseball, is a ball used primarily in the sport of the same name, baseball. ...


It gave up even more home runs before air conditioning was installed in 1983. Before 1983, the Dome had been nicknamed "the Sweat Box." [1]


Unlike most parks built during this time, the Metrodome's baseball configuration has asymmetrical outfield dimensions.


Atmosphere

The Metrodome is climate controlled, and has protected the baseball schedule during the entire time it has been the venue for the Minnesota Twins. Major League baseball schedulers have had the luxury of being able to count on dates played at the Metrodome. A doubleheader game only occurs when purposely scheduled.


The Twins have had to postpone a game only twice since moving to the Metrodome. The first was on April 14, 1983, when a massive snowstorm prevented the California Angels from getting to Minneapolis. The game would have likely been postponed in any case, however; that night heavy snow caused part of the roof to collapse.[1] The second was on August 2, 2007, when the I-35W Mississippi River Bridge collapsed a few blocks away from the Metrodome on August 1. The game scheduled for August 1 was played as scheduled because the team and police officials were worried about too many fans departing the Metrodome at one time, therefore causing conflict with rescue workers. The game, and ceremonial ground breaking on the new Twins Ballpark, on August 2nd was postponed to a later date due to the collapse of the bridge. is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The I-35W Mississippi River bridge was an eight-lane, 1,907 feet (581 m) steel truss arch bridge that carried Interstate 35W across the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Twins Ballpark is the working title of the future stadium for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...


College football

Metrodome during Gophers game in 2003.
Metrodome during Gophers game in 2003.

The University of Minnesota is the only school in the Big Ten Conference to play off-campus and the only school in the conference to play in a domed stadium. The Gophers are one of only four NCAA Division I FBS football programs to play indoors (the others are Idaho, Syracuse and Tulane). At the time of the move, the NFL class facilities were seen as an improvement over the aging Memorial Stadium. For other uses of the term Big Ten see Big Ten (disambiguation). ... The University of Idaho is the states prominent institution of higher learning, located in the rural city of Moscow in Latah County. ... Syracuse University Logo. ... Tulane University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university located in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Memorial Stadium also known as the Old Brickhouse was the home of Minnesota Golden Gophers football from 1924 until 1981. ...


Scheduling conflict

As part of the deal with the Metrodome, the Minnesota Twins have priority over the Gophers in scheduling. If the Twins are in the playoffs with a home series, the baseball game has priority and the Gopher football game must be moved to a time suitable to convert the playing field. The University of Minnesota is the only school in the Big Ten that shares a football facility with professional sports teams.


Atmosphere

When the Gophers first moved to the Metrodome from Memorial Stadium, attendance increased.[4] However, fans waxed nostalgic over fall days playing outdoors on campus.[11] TCF Bank Stadium will provide the outdoor, on-campus venue. The stadium is six blocks from the West bank portion of the campus and the Seven Corners retail and entertainment neighborhood that serves the West bank. TCF Bank Stadium is a proposed football stadium for the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. ...


Playing field

The Gophers share the field with the Vikings and Twins. During the earlier part of the season, the baseball turf sections are visible on the field. Many Big Ten teams had gone to some kind of turf because of the climate during the football season. However, other schools do not have seams in the turf where sections are moved.


Revenue

The luxury suite revenues are taken by the Vikings. The concessions revenue is taken by the Metropolitan sports commission. And there is no parking revenue for the University. Although, the amount the University pays to use the Metrodome is lower than the Vikings or Twins.[12]


NFL

Action during a Vikings game, from a location similar to 2004 ALDS photo. Note the retractable seats in the lower-right portion of this photo.
Action during a Vikings game, from a location similar to 2004 ALDS photo. Note the retractable seats in the lower-right portion of this photo.

As the stadium was designed first and foremost for the Minnesota Vikings, they have the fewest problems. As a location and playing field with new turf, it is still a suitable venue for football. The Vikings owners want more luxury suites and better concessions. They have twice rejected a renovation, with the 2001 price tag at $269 million.[13] Early fall weather has led to calls for a retractable roof, but climate control is still deemed a necessity for a season that runs through December. The Vikings are seen as the team with the most leverage, as Minnesotans view the Vikings as their favorite sports franchise in the state.[14]. The likelihood that the Vikings will move without a new stadium is unknown. The NFL in Los Angeles is always offered as a destination for the Vikings, however that situation is not without its own controversy. Image File history File links Vikings_Exhibition_Game_990826. ... Image File history File links Vikings_Exhibition_Game_990826. ... The lack of a National Football League (NFL) team in Los Angeles, the second-largest media market in the United States, is a large issue the league has been working on to resolve since both the Raiders and the Rams left the area after the 1994 season. ...


Even without the Gophers and Twins, the Metrodome can survive with the Vikings as primary tenants. [12]


Basketball

When configured as a basketball arena, the fans in the nearby bleachers get a suitable view of the court, but the action is difficult to see in the upper decks and is very far away. Concessions are very far away from the temporary infrastructure. Most NBA and major college basketball arenas run to a maximum of 20,000 seats. However, the NCAA tournament makes a significant amount of money selling seats for regional and championship games for the Men's basketball tournament. Without a domed stadium, Minnesota will no longer be able to host the NCAA championship game, and may even have trouble getting regional final games. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ...


Possible replacements

The Twins, the Vikings and the Gophers have all proposed replacements for the Metrodome, of which the new Twins Ballpark and new Gopher stadium are now under construction. Twins Ballpark is the working title of the future stadium for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... TCF Bank Stadium is a proposed football stadium for the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. ...


Minnesota Twins

Main article: Twins Ballpark

The Twins will move to their new ballpark in 2010, following a quest that began in the mid 1990s. Twins management claimed the Metrodome generated too little revenue for the Twins to be competitive; specifically, they receive no revenue from luxury suite leasing (as those are owned by the Vikings) and only a small percentage of concessions sales. Also, the percentage of season-ticket-quality seats is said to be very low compared to other stadiums. Since 2003, the Twins have had year-to-year leases, and were permitted a move to another city at any time. However, with no large American markets or new major-league-quality stadiums existing without a current team, it was accepted that the Twins could not profit from a move. The Twins sought a taxpayer subsidy of more than $200 million to assist in construction of the stadium. On January 9, 2005, the Twins went to court to argue that their Metrodome lease should be considered "dead" after the 2005 season. In February, the district court ruled that the Twins' lease was year to year and the team could vacate the Metrodome at the end of the 2005 season. In late April 2007, Hennepin County officially took over the future ballpark site (through a form of Eminent Domain called "Quick-Take") which had been a recent on going struggle between the county and the land owners. The "official" ground-breaking for the new ballpark was postponed on August 2 due to the collapse of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge. On October 15, 2007, the two sides reached a negotiated settlement of just under $29 million, ending the dispute; as a result the County noted it would have to cut back on some improvements to the surrounding streetscapes, though it also revealed that the Pohlad family had committed another $15 million for infrastructure.[15] Twins Ballpark is the working title of the future stadium for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The 2003 MLB season was the 100th season of Major League Baseball. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Hennepin County is a county located in the state of Minnesota, named in honor of the 17th-century French explorer Louis Hennepin. ... Eminent domain (United States), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia) or expropriation (Canada, South Africa) in common law legal systems is the inherent power of the state to seize a citizens private property, expropriate property, or rights in property, without the owner... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The I-35W Mississippi River bridge was an eight-lane, 1,907 feet (581 m) steel truss arch bridge that carried Interstate 35W across the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


University of Minnesota

Main article: TCF Bank Stadium

The Minnesota Golden Gophers football team began playing in the Metrodome for the 1982 season. Attendance was expected to increase over the old Memorial Stadium attendance, especially for late fall games, due to the climate controlled comfort. At the time it was also believed that the new NFL venue would be a recruiting benefit for the Gophers. The Gopher teams have struggled in the Big Ten Conference since the 1970s. Gopher football games rarely fill the Metrodome to capacity, except when nearby rivals visit, such as the Wisconsin Badgers and Iowa Hawkeyes.[4] Students are removed from the traditional on-campus atmosphere, since they have to take a bus from the campus to the stadium. However, average attendance has increased over previous seasons at Memorial Stadium.[4] TCF Bank Stadium is a proposed football stadium for the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. ... The Minnesota Golden Gophers are the college sports team for the University of Minnesota. ... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... For other uses of the term Big Ten see Big Ten (disambiguation). ... See also: 1969 in sports, other events of 1970, 1971 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Pete Hamilton won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Bobby Isaac Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... The Wisconsin Badgers are a variety of collegiate athletic teams from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. ... The Iowa Hawkeyes is the team name used for all of the intercollegiate athletic teams that play for the University of Iowa. ...


The University of Minnesota plans on moving to TCF Bank Stadium for the 2009 football season. The University believes an on-campus stadium will motivate its student base for increased ticket sales. An on-campus stadium would also benefit from athletic revenues, not only for the football program, but the non-revenue sports as well. The venue is expected to cost less than half of an NFL-quality football stadium. The new stadium will be built on surface parking lots just a few blocks east of the former Memorial Stadium, with the naming rights purchased by TCF Bank. The University of Minnesota is expected to raise more than half the cost of the stadium via private donations. The Gopher stadium bill was passed by both houses on May 20, 2006, the day before the Twins stadium bill passed. On May 24, 2006, Governor Pawlenty signed the Gopher bill on the University campus. This article is about the oldest and largest campus of the University of Minnesota. ... TCF Bank Stadium is a proposed football stadium for the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. ... See also:2008 in sports, 2010 in sports, list of years in sports. Scheduled Events February 1 - Superbowl XLIII, Tampa, Florida Template:March 2-20 - 2009 World Baseball Classic, Orlando, [[Florida[[ June 14 - World Games 2009 in Kaohsiung City, Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) World Gymnastics Championships 2009, London Cricket - Provisional schedule... TCF Bank is the wholly owned banking subsidiary of TCF Financial Corporation, a financial services holding company headquartered in Wayzata, Minnesota, USA. Currently TCF Bank generates more than 85% of the parent companys net income. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // For an extensive coverage see 2006 in athletics (track and field) May 12 — Justin Gatlin equals the 100m world record. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // For an extensive coverage see 2006 in athletics (track and field) May 12 — Justin Gatlin equals the 100m world record. ... Timothy James (Tim) Pawlenty (born November 27, 1960) is an American politician from the Republican Party. ...


Minnesota Vikings

Main article: Vikings Stadium

The Vikings are thought to be the least hampered by their current situation in the Metrodome, and are likely to move after their current lease expires, in 2011. An enormous market without a team exists for the NFL in Los Angeles. San Antonio has also been discussed as a possible site, though the NFL Committee has never approved of these possible moves, and Vikings owner Zygi Wilf has stated he will keep the Vikings in the Metrodome if they cannot get a new stadium.[citation needed]. The NFL in Los Angeles would either require a new stadium, or major renovations to the Rose Bowl Stadium or Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Alamodome also is outmoded by current NFL standards, and would require major renovations. For the Norwegian football (soccer) stadium, see Viking Stadion The Vikings Stadium is the working title of the proposed future stadium for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL) in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... The lack of a National Football League (NFL) team in Los Angeles, the second-largest media market in the United States, is a large issue the league has been working on to resolve since both the Raiders and the Rams left the area after the 1994 season. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... Zygi Wilf Zygmunt Zygi Wilf (born April 22, 1950 in Germany) is the principal owner of the Minnesota Vikings of the NFL. Wilfs parents, Joseph and Elizabeth Wilf, are both Holocaust survivors in Poland. ... The lack of a National Football League (NFL) team in Los Angeles, the second-largest media market in the United States, is a large issue the league has been working on to resolve since both the Raiders and the Rams left the area after the 1994 season. ... This article is about the Los Angeles stadium. ... For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... The Alamodome is a multi-purpose facility that is primarily used as a football/basketball stadium and convention center in San Antonio, Texas, USA. The facility opened on May 15, 1993, at a cost of $186 million. ...


The NFL and fans have pressured Minnesota governments to finance a new, revenue-generating stadium. Downtown Minneapolis as well as the suburb of Blaine have been explored as potential stadium sites. The Vikings are seeking taxpayer subsidy of more than $300 million to assist in construction of the stadium, which may also be used for the many other events currently taking place at the Metrodome. Blaine is a city in the state of Minnesota. ...


Anoka County proposal

On September 20, 2005 the Vikings and Anoka County reached an agreement to build a 68,000 seat retractable-roof stadium in Blaine, where the Vikings and the county would each pay $280 million and the state $115 million. It would have opened in 2009 or 2010 if approved by the legislature. After the approval of the stadium plan Wilf dropped plans to include a roof of any kind, which would have severely limited the site's utility for year-round events in Anoka County. In November 2006 Anoka County officials pulled out of the partnership. In addition to unapproved site design changes the Vikings had started to work behind the scenes with officials from Minneapolis, the site of the current Metrodome. Anoka County believed it had an agreement to be an exclusive partner, and since County officials did not want to get into a bidding war with Minneapolis they withdrew from the project. is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Athletics Mens 100 metres - Asafa Powell of Jamaica sets a new world record of 9. ... Anoka County is a county located in the state of Minnesota. ... See also:2008 in sports, 2010 in sports, list of years in sports. Scheduled Events February 1 - Superbowl XLIII, Tampa, Florida Template:March 2-20 - 2009 World Baseball Classic, Orlando, [[Florida[[ June 14 - World Games 2009 in Kaohsiung City, Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) World Gymnastics Championships 2009, London Cricket - Provisional schedule... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... 67 die and about 300,000 people are affected by floods in Ethiopias Somali Region of Ogaden after the Shabelle River bursts its banks. ...


Downtown Minneapolis proposal

The Vikings and Minneapolis are currently conducting studies about redeveloping land around the Metrodome and building a new stadium, tentatively named the Vikings Stadium, on the same land as the Metrodome. If it were to happen, the Vikings would likely play at the new TCF Bank Stadium at the University of Minnesota starting in 2010 while a new stadium is constructed on the current site of the Metrodome. For the Norwegian football (soccer) stadium, see Viking Stadion The Vikings Stadium is the working title of the proposed future stadium for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL) in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Unlike previous owner Red McCombs, the present Vikings ownership has publicly disavowed any plans to remove the team from Minnesota. On May 17, 2006, the State Senate announced that any further work on the Vikings stadium bill would cease until the 2007 legislative session. The bill which authorized financing for the Twins Ballpark included provisions to prepare the field for a Vikings stadium deal in 2007, this was before Anoka County pulled out of the project. Wilf has more recently expressed interest in redeveloping the land on which the Metrodome currently sits. Local politicians are pushing the Vikings ownership to possibly renovate the Metrodome because of its location and existing infrastructure. A renovation would cost roughly $200 million compared to the new stadium cost which would push $700 million. A possible renovation would include the addition of a club level, new seating, new, larger concourses with increased concessions and bathrooms, renovation of existing suites, create permanent seating for football, and large video boards outside the Metrodome walls. Zygi Wilf has denounced any ideas of a possible renovation citing it would cost as much to build a new stadium as renovating the Metrodome.[citation needed] Billy Joe Red McCombs (born 1927 in Spur, Texas) is the founder of the Red McCombs Automotive Group, a co-founder of Clear Channel Communications, a former owner of the San Antonio Spurs, Denver Nuggets, and the Minnesota Vikings, and is the namesake of the McCombs School of Business at... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // For an extensive coverage see 2006 in athletics (track and field) May 12 — Justin Gatlin equals the 100m world record. ... // 1 : College Football - In a game remembered for its numerous trick plays, including a hook and lateral and a Statue of Liberty play, the Boise State Broncos defeat the Oklahoma Sooners 43-42 to win the Fiesta Bowl in dramatic fashion. ... // 1 : College Football - In a game remembered for its numerous trick plays, including a hook and lateral and a Statue of Liberty play, the Boise State Broncos defeat the Oklahoma Sooners 43-42 to win the Fiesta Bowl in dramatic fashion. ...

Fans in attendance at the Metrodome
Fans in attendance at the Metrodome

Other events

  • Prep Bowl (Minnesota State High School League; state high school football championships)
  • High school and small college baseball games through the spring and football games in November hosted by Augsburg College. Also other small college football events including the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference and the Upper Midwest Athletic Conference.
  • Various high school baseball, softball, soccer and football games
  • Monster truck, motocross, and other motorsport events.
  • Large concerts
  • Large religious services and gatherings
  • Rollerdome[16] and MDRA running (exercise programs in the concourses)
  • Conventions, such as TwinsFest, golf shows, home and garden expos, and car shows
  • Cultural celebrations, such as Hmong New Year gatherings.
  • Wrestling shows, such as AWA WrestleRock '86
  • Monster Jam
  • Minnesota Youth in Music Marching Band Competition

The Minnesota State High School League is a voluntary, non-profit association of public and private schools with a history of service to Minnesotas high school youth since 1916. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Augsburg College is a liberal arts college of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... The Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference is a College Athletic Conference which operates in the midwestern United States. ... The Upper Midwest Athletic Conference (or UMAC) is a college athletic conference affiliated with the NAIA. Formed in 1972 as the Twin Rivers Conference, the UMAC assumed its current name in the early 1980’s. ... Monster Jam is a television show and live event created by Live Nation (formerly Clear Channel Entertainment). ... The Youth in Music program is a marching band competition held annually at the HHH Metrodome in Minneapolis, Minnesota in late October. ...

Travel and accessibility

The Metrodome is located near the junction of Interstate 94 and Interstate 35W, and many fans come by car. There is limited parking in surface lots throughout eastern downtown, ranging from $5 for a Twins game, to $50 for a close stall at a Vikings game. On-street meters provide the lowest parking rate, especially the "free evenings" meters near the heart of downtown six blocks from the Metrodome. A new option as of 2004 is the Downtown East/Metrodome station on the light rail Hiawatha Line. Many people also come by bus, whether on a charter or on the regular regional bus system. Bus service is also available from the University of Minnesota. Interstate 94 (abbreviated I-94) is the northernmost east-west interstate highway, connecting the Great Lakes and Intermountain regions of the United States. ... Interstate 35W (abbreviated I-35W), an interstate highway, is the western half of Interstate 35 where it splits to serve different cities in Minnesota. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... The Downtown East/Metrodome sits in front of the Metrodome. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... The Hiawatha Line is a 12-mile (19-kilometer) light-rail corridor in Hennepin County, Minnesota that extends from downtown Minneapolis to the southern suburb of Bloomington, connecting to the Minneapolis-St. ... Autobus redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... This article is about the oldest and largest campus of the University of Minnesota. ...


Tailgating has often been a popular pre-game activity for football fans, and many nearby parking lots have been available in the past for people who want to start early. However, in recent years, new development in the downtown region of Minneapolis has meant that these parking lots have begun to disappear. In 2004, the Vikings offered fans a tailgating area in the huge parking lot known as Rapid Park. The area however is on the opposite side of downtown Minneapolis from the Metrodome itself, next to the Target Center, (although shuttle buses did go back and forth) and is the building site for the new Twins Ballpark which the Twins broke ground for in late August of 2007. A tailgate party at the 2005 Big 12 Championship game - note the pickup truck tailgates In North America, a tailgate party is a social event held on and around the open tailgate of a vehicle. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... The Target Center The Target Center is an arena in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota sponsored by Target Corporation that is home to the National Basketball Associations Minnesota Timberwolves and Womens National Basketball Associations Minnesota Lynx. ... Twins Ballpark is the working title of the future stadium for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ...


Career-achievement events

In Major League Baseball, the 3,000 hit club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have made 3,000 or more career base hits. ... Eddie Clarence Murray (born February 24, 1956 in Los Angeles, California) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman who was known as one of the most reliable and productive hitters of his era, earning the nickname Steady Eddie. Murray is regarded as one of the best switch hitters ever... David Mark Winfield (born October 3, 1951, in St. ... Cal Ripken redirects here. ... Dwyane Tyrone Wade, Jr. ... A triple-double is a basketball term, defined as an individual performance in a game in which a player accumulates double-digit totals (i. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Frank Edward Thomas (born May 27, 1968) is an American Major League Baseball player for the Toronto Blue Jays. ... Carlos Silva (born April 23, 1979?? in Bolívar State, boxcounty) is a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who has played for the Minnesota Twins since 2004. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Brett Hillbilly Favre (pronounced Farv, born on October 10, 1969 in Gulfport, Mississippi [1]) is an American football player, currently starting quarterback for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL). ... Packers redirects here. ... Greg Jennings (born September 21, 1983 in Kalamazoo, Michigan), is a current American Football wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Lowry, Phillip (2005). Green Cathedrals. New York City: Walker & Company. ISBN 0802715621. 
  2. ^ About the Metrodome. Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  3. ^ ESPN.com MLB Park Factor
  4. ^ a b c d University of Minnesota Football media guide p. 160 (PDF)
  5. ^ Klobuchar, Amy (April 1986). Uncovering the Dome, reprint, Waveland Press. ISBN 0-8813321-86. 
  6. ^ Minnesota Sports Facilities Commission - History
  7. ^ a b c Smith, Curt (2001). Storied Stadiums. New York City: Carroll & Company. ISBN 0786711876. 
  8. ^ "Twins pack punch in Game 1 Homers by Gagne and Hrbek spark win over Braves", Associated Press, October 20, 1991
  9. ^ HHH Metrodome Information. TicketSolutions.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
  10. ^ Major League Baseball ground rules
  11. ^ Wood, Bob (Robert) (1989). Big Ten country : a journey through one football season. Morrow. ISBN 0688089224.
  12. ^ a b Managers: Metrodome Doomed Without Vikings. Associated Press. April 19, 2006
  13. ^ Taking a last look at fixing the Dome for the Vikings. Star Tribune. Paul Levy. July 19, 2007 - "A Metrodome renovation is being studied, although Vikings officials say the site really isn't big enough by today's NFL standards."
  14. ^ ESPN Sports Nation - Vote: Best of Minnesota
  15. ^ Rochelle Olson, Stadium land feud ends with cost stretching to $29 million, Star Tribune, October 15, 2007.
  16. ^ RollerDome Homepage. Retrieved on 2007-12-27.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Amy Jean Klobuchar (pronounced KLOH-buh-shar) (born May 25, 1960) is the junior United States Senator from Minnesota. ... Curt Smith is an American author, radio/television host, columnist and former speechwriter for President George H.W. Bush. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Preceded by
Metropolitan Stadium
Home of the
Minnesota Twins

1982 – present
Succeeded by
Twins Ballpark (ca. 2010)
Preceded by
Metropolitan Stadium
Home of the
Minnesota Vikings

1982 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Memorial Stadium
Home of the
Minnesota Golden Gophers football

1982 – present
Succeeded by
TCF Bank Stadium (ca. 2009)
Preceded by
first arena
Home of the
Minnesota Timberwolves

1989 – 1990
Succeeded by
Target Center
Preceded by
Candlestick Park
Host of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game
1985
Succeeded by
Astrodome
Preceded by

Hoosier Dome
RCA Dome
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals Venue

1992
2001
Succeeded by

Louisiana Superdome
Georgia Dome
Preceded by
Tampa Stadium
Host of Super Bowl XXVI
1992
Succeeded by
Rose Bowl

Coordinates: 44°58′25.97″N, 93°15′29.14″W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Structurae is an on-line database containing works of structural and civil engineering of all kinds such as Bridges, High-rise buildings, towers, dams, etc. ... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Twins Ballpark is the working title of the future stadium for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... Memorial Stadium also known as the Old Brickhouse was the home of Minnesota Golden Gophers football from 1924 until 1981. ... The University of Minnesota Golden Gophers are one of the oldest and most storied programs in college football history. ... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... TCF Bank Stadium is a proposed football stadium for the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Target Center The Target Center is an arena in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota sponsored by Target Corporation that is home to the National Basketball Associations Minnesota Timberwolves and Womens National Basketball Associations Minnesota Lynx. ... Monster Park (colloquially Candlestick, after its original name of Candlestick Park, and sometimes just simply The Stick) is an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium located in San Francisco, California. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Reliant Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium, the first of its kind, located in Houston, Texas. ... The RCA Dome is a domed stadium located in Indianapolis, Indiana which is the home of the Indianapolis Colts NFL franchise. ... The RCA Dome is a domed stadium located in Indianapolis, Indiana, which was the home of the Indianapolis Colts NFL franchise for 24 seasons (1984-2007). ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... This article is about NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. ... This article is about NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia that is owned and operated by The State of Georgia who operates The Dome, The Georgia World Congress Center, and Centennial Olympic Park. ... Houlihans Stadium in Tampa opened in 1967 as Tampa Stadium (later changed when the Glazers acquired the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and renamed the stadium after a family-owned restaurant), and saw a number of major sporting teams and events grace its fields over the years. ... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football stadium in Pasadena, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

TCF Bank Stadium is a proposed football stadium for the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... The Miami Orange Bowl is a stadium in the City of Miami, Florida, west of Downtown in Little Havana. ... Date January 14, 1968 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 13½ National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Jack Vest Halftime show Grambling State University Band Attendance 75,546 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in... Date January 18, 1976 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Lynn Swann, Wide Receiver Favorite Steelers by 6 National anthem Tom Sullivan Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Up with People presents 200 Years and Just a Baby: Tribute to Americas Bicentennial Attendance 80... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Tulane Stadium was an outdoor football stadium located in New Orleans, Louisiana from 1926 to 1980. ... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... Date January 16, 1972 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Roger Staubach, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 6 National anthem U.S. Air Force Academy Chorale Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Salute to Louis Armstrong with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, Al Hirt and the U... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Rice Stadium is a football stadium located on the Rice University campus in Houston, Texas. ... Date January 13, 1974 Stadium Rice Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Larry Csonka, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 7 National Anthem Charley Pride Coin toss Game referee Halftime show University of Texas at Austin Band Attendance 71,882 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray Scott, Pat Summerall... The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football stadium in Pasadena, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Date January 20, 1980 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 10 1/2 National anthem Cheryl Ladd Coin toss Art Rooney Referee Fred Silva Halftime show Up with People presents A Salute to the Big Band Era Attendance 103,985[1] TV... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Date January 15, 1978 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Randy White, Defensive tackle; and Harvey Martin, Defensive end Favorite Cowboys by 5 1/2 National anthem Phyllis Kelly of Northeast Louisiana State University Coin toss Red Grange Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show From Paris to the Paris... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Date January 28, 1990 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 11 1/2 National anthem Aaron Neville Coin toss Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Art Shell, Willie Wood Referee Dick Jorgensen Halftime show Pete Fountain, Doug Kershaw, Irma Thomas Attendance 72,919 TV... Date January 26, 1997 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Desmond Howard, Kick Returner/Punt Returner Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem Luther Vandross Coin toss Past Super Bowl winning coaches: Hank Stram, Mike Ditka, Tom Flores, Tom Landry, Chuck Noll, George Seifert Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... Houlihans Stadium in Tampa opened in 1967 as Tampa Stadium (later changed when the Glazers acquired the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and renamed the stadium after a family-owned restaurant), and saw a number of major sporting teams and events grace its fields over the years. ... Date January 22, 1984 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Marcus Allen, Running back Favorite Redskins by 2 1/2 National anthem Barry Manilow Coin toss Bronko Nagurski Referee Gene Barth Halftime show Salute to Superstars of the Silver Screen with the University of Florida and Florida State University... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels... Stanford Stadium (capacity 50,000 as of 2006) is a stadium on the Stanford University campus. ... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Qualcomm Stadium (a. ... Date January 31, 1988 Stadium Jack Murphy Stadium City San Diego, California MVP Doug Williams, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 3 National anthem Herb Alpert Coin toss Don Hutson Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Chubby Checker and The Rockettes Attendance 73,302 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... Date January 26, 2003 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Dexter Jackson, Safety Favorite Raiders by 4 National anthem Dixie Chicks and Celine Dion (God Bless America) Coin toss 1972 Miami Dolphins: Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield Referee Bill Carollo... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 29, 1995 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Steve Young, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 18½ National anthem Kathie Lee Gifford Coin toss Otto Graham, Joe Greene, Ray Nitschke, and Gale Sayers Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Tony Bennett, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Miami Sound Machine Attendance... Date January 31, 1999 Stadium Pro Player Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP John Elway, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 7 1/2 National anthem Cher Coin toss Raymond Berry, Lenny Moore, Jim Parker, Art Donovan, Gino Marchetti, Frank Gifford, Roosevelt Brown, Don Maynard, Sam Huff, Tom Landry Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime... Date February 4, 2007 Stadium Dolphin Stadium City Miami Gardens, Florida MVP Peyton Manning, Quarterback, Colts Favorite Colts by 6. ... Super Bowl XLIV will be the 44th annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Date January 26, 1992 Stadium Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome City Minneapolis, Minnesota MVP Mark Rypien, Quarterback Favorite Redskins by 7 National anthem Harry Connick, Jr. ... The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia that is owned and operated by The State of Georgia who operates The Dome, The Georgia World Congress Center, and Centennial Olympic Park. ... Date January 30, 1994 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Emmitt Smith, Running back Favorite Cowboys by 10 National anthem Natalie Cole Coin toss Joe Namath Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Wynonna Judd, Naomi Judd, Clint Black, Travis Tritt, Tanya Tucker Attendance 72,817 TV in the United States... Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field is located on the campus of Arizona State University in Tempe. ... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network... Raymond James Stadium (formerly Tampa Community Stadium) is a football and soccer stadium located in Tampa, Florida. ... Date January 28, 2001 Stadium Raymond James Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ray Lewis, Linebacker Favorite Ravens by 3 National anthem Backstreet Boys Coin toss Marcus Allen, Ottis Anderson, Tom Flores, Bill Parcells Referee Gerald Austin Halftime show Aerosmith, Britney Spears, Nelly, Mary J. Blige and *NSYNC Attendance 71,921... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Reliant Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Jacksonville Municipal Stadium is a football stadium located in downtown Jacksonville, Florida next to the St. ... Date February 6, 2005 Stadium ALLTEL Stadium City Jacksonville, Florida MVP Deion Branch, Wide receiver Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Combined choirs of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, and U.S... Ford Field is an indoor football stadium located in Detroit, Michigan that is the home of the Detroit Lions of the NFL. It is across the street from Comerica Park. ... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... | {{Infobox_Stadium | stadium_name = University of Phoenix Stadium | image = | address = 1 Cardinals Drive, Glendale, AZ 85305 | construction start = July 30, 2003 | opened = August 1, 2006 | owner = Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority | operator = Global Spectrum | surface = Tifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass | construction_cost = $455 million | architect = Peter Eisenman|HOK Sport | former_names = Cardinals Stadium (August... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Dallas Cowboys New Stadium is the working title of a new stadium being built in Arlington, Texas for the NFLs Dallas Cowboys. ... Super Bowl XLV will be the 45th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ...

 
 

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