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Encyclopedia > Huayna Capac

Huayna Capac (Quechua Wayna Qhapaq "splendid youth") was the eleventh Sapa Inca (1493 - 1527) of the Inca Empire, and sixth of the Hanan dynasty. He was the successor to Tupac Inca Yupanqui. He was the father of Ninan Cuyochi, Huáscar, Atahualpa, Tupac Huallpa, Manco Inca Yupanqui and Pawllu Inca -- all of whom could be said to be his successors. Sapa Inca is the title of the ruler of the Inca Empire. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Capital Cuzco (1197-1533) Vilcabamba (1533-1572) (Empire dissolved in reality in 1532-1537, when the Spaniards secured power over Peru) Language(s) Quechua Government Monarchy Sole ruler Sapa Inca History  - Established 1197  - Conquest 1572 Area  - 1527 2,000,000 km2 772,204 sq mi Population  - 1527 est. ... Drawing of Tupac Inca Yupanqui by Guaman Poma (1615 CE) Tupac Inca Yupanqui (a. ... Ninan Cuyochi, born 149?, died 1527, the oldest son of Sapa Inca Huayna Capac and first in line to inherit the Inca Empire, but he however died shortly before his father by smallpox, inflicting a civil war. ... Huáscar, in full Inti Cusi Huallpa Huáscar (“Sun of Joy”) (died 1532). ... Atahuallpa, the 13th and last true (the last empereor being Tu Pac Sharu) Inca emperor Atahuallpa or Atawallpa (c. ... Tupac Huallpa (? - October 1533) was a puppet Inca Emperor of the conquistadors during the Spanish conquest of Peru, led by Francisco Pizarro. ... Manco Inca Yupanqui (b. ...


Huayna Capac extended the Inca empire (Tahuantinsuyu) significantly to the south, into present-day Chile and Argentina. For many years he and his armies fought to annex territories north of his empire in what is now Ecuador (and a small region of Colombia) to the northernmost province, Chinchaysuyo. The capital city of the empire was far to the south in Cuzco, and Huayna Capac hoped to establish a northern stronghold in the city of Quito. For The Emperors New Groove character, see Kuzco. ... Quito (official name: San Francisco de Quito) is the capital city of Ecuador in northwestern South America. ...


Around 1527, when Huayna Capac was in present-day Colombia, he and his troops fell ill, and thousands died of what was almost certainly smallpox. Both Huayna Capac and his heir Ninan Cuyochi died. Huáscar was already working to overthrow the leadership of his brother Ninan when he learned of his death. Huáscar quickly secured power in Cusco and had his brother Atahualpa arrested. But Atahualpa escaped from his imprisonment with the help of his wife and began securing support from Huayna Capac's best generals, who happened to be near Quito, the nearest major city. Atahualpa won the ensuing civil war, but it was at this time that Spanish conquistadors began arriving in South America. The conquistadors used deceit to capture Atahualpa on his way back to Cuzco, copying an earlier exploit in Mesoamerica. A series of missteps by Atahualpa's generals following his capture led to the quick downfall of the empire. January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) was a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. ... For The Emperors New Groove character, see Kuzco. ... Conquistador (Spanish: kōn-kÄ“-stŏ-dōr) (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas and Asia Pacific under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 17th centuries, starting with the 1492 settlement... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The cultural areas of Mesoamerica The term Mesoamérica is used to refer to a geographical region that extends roughly from the Tropic of Cancer in central Mexico down through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua to northwestern Costa Rica, and which is characterized by the particular cultural homogeneity...


Popular Culture

  • Huayna Capac is a civilization leader in the 2005 PC computer game Civilization IV. In the game, Huayna Capac is the lone leader of the Inca Empire and has the leader traits "Financial" and "Aggressive". These traits have been changed to "Financial" and "Industrious" in the Warlords expansion for Civilization IV.
Preceded by
Tupac Inca Yupanqui
Sapa Inca
1493-1527
Succeeded by
Huascar

  Results from FactBites:
 
Huayna Capac - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (369 words)
Huayna Capac (Quechua Wayna Qhapaq "splendid youth") was the eleventh Sapa Inca (1493 - 1527) of the Inca Empire, and sixth of the Hanan dynasty.
The capital city of the empire was far to the south in Cuzco, and Huayna Capac hoped to establish a northern stronghold in the city of Quito.
Around 1527, when Huayna Capac was in present-day Colombia, he and his troops fell ill, and thousands died of what may have been smallpox or malaria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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