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Encyclopedia > Huawei
Huawei
华为技术有限公司
Type Private
Founded 1988
Founder Ren Zhengfei
Headquarters Shenzhen, China
Industry Telecommunication
Revenue 8.5 billion USD (2006)
Employees 61,000 (2006)
Website www.huawei.com

Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. (Chinese: 华为技术有限公司; Pinyin: Huáwei Jíshu Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī) in Shenzhen, Guangdong, People's Republic of China is one of the world’s leading networking and telecommunications equipment suppliers. Image File history File links Sp1_70451am. ... For the sequel to the computer game Entrepreneur, which has no article of it own, see The Corporate Machine. ... Ren Zhengfei (任正非 b. ... For the graphic novel see Shenzhen Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China, located at the border with Hong Kong. ... For the tax agency in the United Kingdom of the same name, see HM Revenue and Customs. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... For the graphic novel see Shenzhen Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China, located at the border with Hong Kong. ... Guangdong, often spelt as Kwangtung, is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Established in 1988 by Ren Zhengfei [1], Huawei Technologies is a private high-tech enterprise which specializes in research and development (R&D), production and marketing of communications equipment, and providing customized network solutions for telecom carriers in different areas. Huawei has now (2007) 62,000 employees globally, serves 31 of the top 50 telecoms operators, and puts 10 per cent of revenue into R&D each year.[2] In addition to the R&D centers in Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Shenzhen, Hangzhou and Chengdu in China, Huawei has also R&D centers in India, Russia, Sweden, and the USA. Ren Zhengfei (任正非 b. ...

Contents

Name

(Chinese: 华为技术有限公司; Pinyin: Huáwei Jíshu Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī) officially translates in English to Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. Huáwei itself variously translates as “achievement” or “magnificent act” or “splendid act”, although breaking down the meaning of such a given name is analogous to noting that in Hebrew “David” means “beloved one”. Such a translation is an etymological curiosity, not to be used generally. The character 华 also has strong connections to the country of China itself, as in 中华 Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... David and Goliath, by Caravaggio, c. ... Not to be confused with Entomology, the study of insects. ...


History

Huawei was founded by Ren Zhengfei in 1988, as a small distributor of imported PBX products. By 1989, Huawei started developing and later marketing its own PBX. After accumulating knowledge and resources on PBX business, Huawei achieved its first breakthrough into mainstream telecommunication market in 1993, by launching C&C08 digital telephone switch, which had a switching capacity of over 10K circuits. Until that time, Chinese domestic telecom companies were not able to build switches with such capacity. Huawei's switches were first deployed only in small cities and rural areas. It eventually gained market share and made its way into major city switch offices and toll service. Other Huawei products also likely have such a history for their adoption. Ren Zhengfei (任正非 b. ... PBX redirects here. ...


In 1994, Huawei established long distance transmission equipment business, launched its own HONET integrated access network and SDH product line. In 1996, Huawei captured its first overseas contract, providing fixed-line network products to Hongkong's Hutchison-Whampoa. Later, in 1997, Huawei released its GSM product and eventually expanded to offer CDMA and UMTS. Synchronous Optical Networking, commonly known as SONET, is a standard for communicating digital information over optical fiber. ... Not to be confused with Get Some Mates The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is one of the third-generation (3G) mobile phone technologies. ...


The U.S. government believes that in 2000 Huawei installed a telecommunications system in Iraq, which would have been in violation of U.N. sanctions, in addition to fiber-optic cables for Iraq's air defenses during a time Iraq was firing on allied aircraft in the no-fly zone. The system was used for both military and civilian purposes and represented the most open breach of the sanctions to date. In 2001, China's foreign minister Tang Jiaxuan denied that Chinese enterprises and corporations assisted Iraq in building "the project of fiber optic cable for air defense" but did not deny the charge that companies assisted telecommunications in violation of the sanctions. [3] [4] [5] [6][7] 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


After 2001, Huawei increased its speed of expanding into oversea market. By 2004, its overseas sales had surpassed that of the domestic market. Huawei has a joint venture with Siemens for developing TD-SCDMA products. In 2003, Huawei entered into a joint venture named Huawei-3Com with 3Com for Internet Protocol-based routers and switches, eventually selling its 49% stake to 3Com in 2007 for $US 882 million. [8] Siemens AG (ISIN: DE0007236101, FWB: SIE, NYSE: SI) is one of the worlds largest companies and Europes largest engineering firm. ... TD-SCDMA (Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access) is a 3G mobile telecommunications standard, being pursued in the Peoples Republic of China by the Chinese Academy of Telecommunications Technology (CATT), Datang and Siemens AG, in an attempt to develop home-grown technology and not be dependent on Western... 3Com (NASDAQ: COMS) is a manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products. ...


Huawei and American security firm Symantec announced in May 2007 the forming of a joint-venture company that will develop security and storage appliances to market to telecommunications carriers. Huawei will own 51% of the new company, to be named Huawei-Symantec Inc. Symantec will own the rest. The joint-venture will be based in the Chinese city of Chengdu.[9]


Products and Product Deployment

Huawei E220 3G USB modem
Huawei E220 3G USB modem

Huawei provides fixed network, mobile network, data communications, optical network, software & services and terminals, including modems --- ranging from switching, integrated access network, NGN, xDSL, optical transport, intelligent network, GSM, GPRS, EDGE, W-CDMA, CDMA2000, a full series of routers and LAN switches, videoconferencing, terminals to other key telecom technology fields. Huawei manufactures also mobile phones (e.g., Huawei supplies Vodafone with exclusive Vodafone-branded 3G mobile handsets [10], such as the Vodafone 710), 3G HSDPA cards (Huawei E620 [11] HSDPA Card is being offered by e.g., Vodafone in the United Kingdom and Telia in Sweden) and 3G HSDPA USB modem.[12] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2016 × 1512 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2016 × 1512 pixel, file size: 1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Note: USB may also mean upper sideband in radio. ... A modem (from modulate and demodulate) is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... A modem (from modulate and demodulate) is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. ... ... Digital Subscriber Line, or DSL, is a family of technologies that provide a digital connection over the copper wires of the local telephone network. ... The Intelligent Network or I.N., as it is more commonly referred to, is a network architecture for both fixed and mobile telecommunication networks. ... Not to be confused with Get Some Mates The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a mobile data service available to users of GSM mobile phones. ... Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) or Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS), is a digital mobile phone technology that allows it to increase data transmission rate and improve data transmission reliability. ... W-CDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) is a type of 3G cellular network. ... CDMA2000 is a hybrid 2. ... Lan can stand for several things: A local area network Lan (airline) formerly LanChile Lan Peru Län, a kind of administrative division used in Sweden Lan Mandragoran, a fictional character in the Wheel of Time fantasy series by Robert Jordan. ... The Vodafone 710 is a 3G mobile telephone manufactured by Huawei Technologies for Vodafone. ... High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA, also known as High-Speed Downlink Protocol Access) is a 3G (third generation) mobile telephony communications protocol in the High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA) family, which allows networks based on Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) to have higher data transfer speeds and capacity. ... High-Speed Downlink Packet Access or HSDPA is a mobile telephony protocol. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England. ... TeliaSonera AB is the result of a merger between the Swedish and Finnish telecommunications companies, Telia and Sonera. ...


Huawei's products are deployed in over 100 countries, including Brazil, Paraguay, the United States, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, Singapore, Argentina, Pakistan, Chile, Ireland, Australia and the Philippines. Customers include Oi, Hola Paraguay, China Telecom, China Mobile, China Netcom, China Unicom, BT, Carphone Warehouse (UK), Tiscali (UK), Opal, BSNL (India), Cricket Communications (USA), KPN, Orange, Globe Telecom, Vodafone, Telefonica, Telfort, SingTel, StarHub, Hutchison Telecom, Total Peripherals Group, Ufone (Pakistan), Vodafone. Huawei's 3G equipment has been commercially deployed in the UAE, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Mauritius and the Netherlands. It has been suggested that Oi (mobile phone network) be merged into this article or section. ... Articles with similar titles include Chunghwa Telecom. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... China Netcom, full name China Netcom Corporation Limited (CNC), was originally formed in August 1999 to build high speed Internet communications in China. ... China Unicom (中国联通), full name China United Telecommunications Corporation (中国联合通信有限公司) SEHK: 0762 NYSE: CHU, is a state-owned telecommunication operator in the Peoples Republic of China. ... BT Group plc (also known as British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (and previously as British Telecom) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... Logo Main office, in Acton, West London The Carphone Warehouse is (as of 2004) Europes largest mobile phone retailer, with over 1,300 stores across Europe. ... Archaeological village of Nuragici people, in Sardinia, Italy. ... The mineraloid opal is amorphous SiO2·nH2O, hydrated silicon dioxide, the water content sometimes being as high as 20% but is usually between three and ten percent. ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... Cricket Communications, Inc. ... KPN (in full Koninklijke KPN N.V., Royal KPN NV) (NYSE: KPN) is a Dutch fixed-line and mobile telecommunications company, including both 2G and 3G mobile operations. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Globe Telecom (PSE: GLO), commonly known as Globe, is the second-largest telecommunications company in the Philippines. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England. ... Telefónica S.A. (NYSE: TEF) (TYO: 9481) is the national telephone network operator (telco) in Spain. ... Telfort NV (Telfort NV), often abbreviated Telfort, is a Dutch telecommunications company. ... SingTel (formerly Singapore Telecoms) is Singapores largest telecommunications company. ... StarHub Limited SGX: T54 is a telecommunications company based in Singapore. ... Hutchison Whampoa Limited (HWL, 和記黃埔有限公司), (HKSE: 0013), of Hong Kong, is one of the largest companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. ... Total Peripherals Group (commonly known as TPG) is a privately owned Australian ISP and IT company. ... Ufone GSM is a Pakistani GSM cellular service provider, Its one of six GSM Mobile companies in Pakistan, and is a subsidiary of Pakistan Telecommunication Company. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England. ... UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ...


In 2005, Huawei was selected by BT as a preferred supplier of communications equipment for BT’s 21CN network strategy.[13] In the same year, Huawei signed a Global Framework Agreement with Vodafone for mobile network infrastructure.[14] In 2006, Motorola signed a deal [15] with Huawei where Motorola distributes and installs Huawei's 3G equipment. On November 15 (2006), Huawei signed a deal [16] worth 30 million euros (US$38.4 million) with German operator Versatel Holding Deutschland GmbH. Huawei will build a fibre-optic communication network based on Internet protocol (IP) for Versatel, Germany's third largest fixed-line operator. On February 1 (2007), Forbes reported that France Telecom has selected Huawei to supply UMTS mobile equipment for its third generation network.[17] Huawei replaced Alcatel/Motorola in Romania, and Nortel in Belgium. BT Group plc (also known as British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (and previously as British Telecom) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England. ...


Vodafone awarded Huawei 2007 Global Supplier Award for Outstanding Performance in June, 2007.[18]


Competitive Position

Huawei's global contract sales for 2006 reached USD11 billion, 65% of which comes from overseas market. 2006 global contract sales representing a year-over-year growth rate of over 34%. Huawei has now become a leading vendor in the industry. As far as market share is concerned, Huawei is No. 2 in worldwide share of optical network hardware market [19]; No. 2 in worldwide share of broadband access market (DSL Port Shipments) [20]; No. 3 in worldwide share of the carrier Ethernet switch/router market.[21] Huawei has also become one of the few vendors in the world to provide end-to-end 3G solutions.


Cisco Lawsuit

In 2003, Cisco filed a lawsuit [22] against Huawei claiming Huawei infringed Cisco's intellectual property to develop a line-up of routers and switches. Huawei immediately stopped selling the relevant products in the US market and then agreed to modify its command line interface, user manuals, help screens and portions of its source codes in some of its products. As a result, Cisco dropped [23] the lawsuit. Both sides paid their own court fees.


Employment Controversy

Huawei has been criticized by many Chinese media and people for its highly competitive working environment. The company offers fairly low salaries to some employees and it has also been criticized for it's "pressure enterprise culture" strategy. There have been several employee injury or suicide incidents at Huawei since 2000. The most recent one was on July 18th 2007: 26 year old Rui Zhang, graduate of Wuhan University hung himself after worked at Huawei for 60 days. [24] Previous medical record indicates Rui Zhang had not suffered from any depression or other psychological diseases[25]. He had complained to his father few times about the stressed life in Huawei. After zhang's death, Huawei consigned their lawyers to issue a legal statement which claimed "We are not responsible for this tragedy". Later, the company paid his family 10,000 RMB(about 1321 USD) in name of "humanistic compensate", while Zhang was from a very poor family. He left 40,000 RMB's student loan unpaid. Rather than surrender to US soldiers, the Mayor (Bürgermeister) of Leipzig Germany, committed suicide along with his wife and daughter on April 20, 1945. ... Wuhan University (WHU) (Simplified Chinese: 武汉大学; Traditional Chinese: 武漢大學; Pinyin: WÇ”hàn Dàxué; colloquially 武大, Pinyin: WÇ”dà) is a key university directly under the administration of the Education Ministry of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up depression in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The renminbi (Traditional Chinese: 人民幣, Simplified Chinese: 人民币, literally means peoples currency) is the official currency of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


References

  1. ^ Ren Zhengfei - Modeled After Mao. Time Magazine. 2005.
  2. ^ China's technological challenger. The New Zealand Herald. March 15, 2007.
  3. ^ Powell: China agrees to stop helping Iraq. CNN. March 8, 2001
  4. ^ http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/asiapcf/east/03/07/china.admit/index.html
  5. ^ ISG Final Report. GlobalSecurity.org. Sept 30, 2004.
  6. ^ Made in the USA. LA Weekly, Mar 20, 2003.
  7. ^ Chinese Investment Threatens Security. FOX News. Jul 26, 2002.
  8. ^ 3Com's Big China Venture. Forbes. Nov 29, 2006.
  9. ^ Huawei, Symantec form joint venture. ZDNet Australia. May 22, 2007.
  10. ^ Vodafone, Huawei sign deal for 3G handsets. ZDNet News. February 15, 2006.
  11. ^ iSuppli Analyses Huawei 3G HSDPA Card. 3G.CO.UK. November 8, 2006.
  12. ^ Vodafone Mobile Connect super 3G USB modem. The Register. November 21, 2006.
  13. ^ Huawei Picked for BT's 21CN. Light Reading. APRIL 28, 2005.
  14. ^ Huawei Meets Vodafone's Needs. Light Reading. NOVEMBER 22, 2005.
  15. ^ Motorola exec's domain is profitable, if not sexy. Chicago Tribune. November 12, 2006.
  16. ^ Huawei wins first major German deal. China Daily. November 16, 2006.
  17. ^ France Telecom adds China's Huawei to pool of UMTS equipment suppliers - report. AFX News Limited. February 1, 2007.
  18. ^ Vodafone awards Huawei 2007 Global Supplier Award for Outstanding Performance. Huawei Press Releases. June 13, 2007.
  19. ^ Alcatel, Huawei, and Nortel top 3Q06 optical networking market. Lightwave Online. NOVEMBER 15, 2006.
  20. ^ DSL Port Shipments Up 16%. Light Reading. AUGUST 17, 2006.
  21. ^ HR: Huawei Climbs CESR Ladder. Byte and Switch. September 06, 2006.
  22. ^ Cisco Files Lawsuit Against Huawei Technologies. Cisco News Release. January 23, 2003.
  23. ^ Cisco halts Huawei piracy suit. The Register. October 1, 2003.
  24. ^ News about Rui Zhang's death at Sina.com
  25. ^ News about Rui Zhang's death at Sina.com

External links

  • http://www.huawei.com - Huawei Technologies

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