Huaibei is an energry industy city in tbe north of Anhui Province and a part the New AsianEuro Continental Bridge.
1. Natural Environment
1-1. Geography & Climate :
Situated at 34`14'- 33`16'north latitude and 116`23'- 117`02 'east longitude and the western part of Anhui Province, Huaibei is the juncture of three provinces of Jiangsu, Henan and Anhui. Being 50km north to Xuzhou City, its climate is similar too Xuzhou's.
1-2. Regions U Population :
Huaibei has 3 distrits and a county with a total areae of 2.715 km2 and a population of 1.83 million.
l-3. Natural Resources :
As one of the iniportant energy bases, Huaibei is richly endowred by mineral resources with ore deposits already explored about 30 sorts and 16 sorts of mines form which the industrial reserves have been found out, especially the coal reserves of which the geological reserves is 2,726 million tons and the actual reserves reaches over 800 million tons with various kinds and good quality. The reserves of marble, iron, copper, gold, silver, nickle, cobalt, fire clay and limerock are also sizable and can be mechanically opened up on a largescale.
2. Economic Environment
2-1 . Industry :
In Huaibei City, a comprehensive industrial setup has been established with chemical industry, light industry, building materials, machinery, textile, power, electronics and coal as its mainstay, having about 2,000 industrial enterprises, including 22 largeand medium sized state run enterpreses. The scale of coal industry is large and the annual output of raw coal is 2,000 million tons, taking the first place in East China. The power industry developed rapidly - Huaibei Power Station, with a total installed capacity of 950,000 kw and annual electricity output of 620 million kw, takeing the third place in East China: The Huaibei. No.2 Power Station, with the total installed capacity of l.2 million kw, is being built. The textile industry, which has formed a comprehensive system of printing and dyeing, wool and silk spinning, knitting, and artificial chammy and clothes, has a firm foundation and has 200,000 spindles, 15,000 looms, with the printing and dyeing capacity of 110 million meters. The scale of textile industry takes the second place in the whole province. The Wine - making industry here has a history of more than 1,000 years' with "Kouzi" wine as its national name brand product with the annual output of 20,000T. The construction rnaterials industry is developing rapidly with the annual cement output of 2 million tons. The chemical industry has had a certain scale and reached more advanced level, with the products of chemical fertilizer, coking, sulphuric acid and rubber as the mainstay. The metallurgy, machinery, electronics and food industries have also had a certain foundation, more than 100 kinds of products have reached or been approaching the national or international level.
2-2. Agriculture :
Huaibei is the main agriculture base for producing and exporting grain, cotton and domestic animals. The main products of crops are wheat, maize, cotton, broad bean, rice and potato, there're also the products of livestock, such as cattle, horse, pig, rabbit, do mestic birds and the goatskins, etc. There are the cultivated area of over 200,000 mu of for fishery in the city, and a certain scale of freshwater fishery of fish, shrimps and crabs, etc, has beenset up. It is an important area of the "National Agricultural Comprehensive Development Zones in Huanghai and Huaihai."
2-3. Transportation, Post U Communication :
The railways in the city are near to Jinpu Railway in the east, to the Baoji Lianyangang Railway in the north, and to Beijing Kowloon railway in the west. Six state and provincial highways run across the urban. The transportion by water is from the Qinglongshan Port to Hongze Lake to Changjiang River, then directly to Shanghai Port. Connected by the high class road, it's only 50 km away from Xuzhou Air Harboar. Especially in early 1997, it made the transportation more convenient by using the three railways of Qingdao Guangzhou, Xuzhou Wuhan and Huaibei-Hefei. Because of the joint of three national axes of communication, such as Jingning fibreoptic, the communication becomes advanced and convenient to contact with the cities at home or abroad. Huaibei has become one of the national communication pivots. In the whole city, the TV Station of 550 Mhz can receive the programs from more than 20 channels in China.
2-4. Foreign Trade :
Huaibei has become one of the "10 first largest coal exportation bases of China" and the biggest exportation base of textile products in Anhui Province. A largesizezd and advanced export!on enterprise group has been formed, producing 13 classes, and over 100 kinds of export goods, among which the products of coal, textile, grain and oil, light industy, silk, nimeral, chemical industry and medicine are exported to America, Japan, Australia, Canada, West Europe, Russia, Hong Kong, etc, more than 80 countris and regions.
2-5. Development Zone :
At present, it sets up provincial "South Lake Economic and Technological Develop ment Zone", and the Tanxikouzi Economic and Technological Development Zone, with conipleted, foundation structure and facilities of supplying water, power, gas. Under the reforming in state system and open policy, Huaibei will make full use of the advantages of energy, raw materials,agricultural and geographical position to seek and extend the economic and technological exchange and cooperation both at home and abroad by all kinds of methods and preferential conditions.