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Encyclopedia > Hradec Králové
Area: 105 km²
Population: 95,195 (2004)
Map of the Czech Republic highlighting Hradec Kralove

Hradec Králové Sound listen (German: Königgrätz) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region of Bohemia. The city's economy is based on food-processing technology, photochemical, and electronics manufacture. Traditional industries include musical instrument manufacturing --the best known being pianos. There is a University of Hradec Králové and Charles University of Prague has a medical  (http://www.lfhk.cuni.cz/start.asp?nLanguageID=2) and pharmacy (http://www.faf.cuni.cz/eng_default.asp) department here. This article lists sources for statistics about Czech Republic. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Hradec Kralove coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... National motto: Truth prevails (Czech: Pravda vítězí) Official language Czech Capital Praha (Prague) President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 114th 78,866 km² 2% Population  - Total (2003)  - Density Ranked 76th 10. ... Hradec Králové Region (Czech: Královéhradecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Bohemia is also a place in the State of United States of America: see Bohemia, New York. ... The piano Piano is a common abbreviation for pianoforte, a large musical instrument with a keyboard (see keyboard instrument). ... The Charles University of Prague (also simply University of Prague; Czech: Univerzita Karlova; Latin: Universitas Carolina) is the oldest and most prestigious Czech university and among the oldest universities in Europe, being founded in 1340s (for the exact year, see below). ...

It is situated in the centre of a very fertile region called the Golden Road on the confluence of Elbe and Orlice and contains many buildings of historical and architectural interest. The cathedral was founded in 1303 by Elizabeth, wife of Wenceslaus II, and the church of St. John, built in 1710, stands on the ruins of the old castle. During 1920s and 1930s the city grew rapidly and due to many buildings of modern architecture Hradec Králové became known as the Salon of the Republic. The Elbe River (Czech Labe, Sorbian/Lusatian Łobjo, Polish Łaba, German Elbe) is one of the major waterways of central Europe. ... Events On the 20 April, Pope Boniface VIII founds the University of Rome La Sapienza Edward I of England reconquers Scotland (see also: William Wallace, Wars of Scottish Independence) The Khilji Dynasty conquers Chittor Births Saint Birgitta, patron saint of Europe Deaths October 11 - Pope Boniface VIII Categories: 1303 ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech Václav, Polish Wacław) (September 17, 1271 - June 21, 1305). ... Events Enactment of the worlds first copyright legislation, Britains Act for the Encourage of Learning (short title) Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713) Births January 4 - Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, composer (d. ... Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s - 1920s - 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s Years: 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Referred to as the Roaring 20s. ... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term ecosystem War, peace and politics Socialists proclaim The death of Capitalism Rise to...

The original name of Hradec Králové, one of the oldest settlements in the Czech Republic, was Hradec (the Castle) only, and Králové (of the queen), was prefixed when it became one of the dowry towns of the queen of Wenceslaus II, Elizabeth of Poland, who lived here for thirty years. It remained a dower town till 1620. Hradec Králové was the first of the towns to declare for the national cause during the Hussite Wars. After the Battle of White Mountain (1620) a large part of the Protestant population left the place. In 1639 the town was occupied for eight months by the Swedes. Several churches and convents were pulled down to make way for the fortifications erected under Joseph II. The fortress was finally dismantled in 1884. The decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War took place, on July 3, 1866 near Hradec Králové. Dowry town is name for town that has been devoted by Czech king to his wife - the queen. ... Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the end of the year. ... The Hussite Wars involved the military actions against and amongst the followers of Jan Hus in Bohemia in the period 1420 to circa 1434. ... Battle of White Mountain Conflict Thirty Years War Date November 8, 1620 Place Bílá Hora near Prague Result Bohemian defeat In the Battle of White Mountain, 1620 November 8, (Bílá hora is the name of White Mountain in Czech) an army 15,000 Bohemians and mercenaries under Christian... Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the end of the year. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II Joseph II (March 13, 1741 - February 20, 1790) was a Holy Roman Emperor (1765 - 1790). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... Battle of Königgrätz Conflict Austro-Prussian War Date 20 July 1866 Place Sadová, Bohemia Result Decisive Prussian victory In the Battle of Königgrätz or Battle of Sadowa of July 3, 1866, the Austro-Prussian War was decided in favor of Prussia. ... The Austro-Prussian War (also called the Seven Weeks War or the German Civil War) was a war fought between Austria and Prussia in 1866 that resulted in Prussian dominance in Germany. ... July 3 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ...

Every May, an Air Ambulance Show is held for both the general public and Air Ambulance personnel. Air Ambulance Show is the international fair of integrated emergency systems for professionals and general public. ... A Beech KingAir of the Australian Royal Flying Doctor Service. ...

External link:

  • Official website (http://www.hradeckralove.org/en.html)



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