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Encyclopedia > Hoyerswerda

Coordinates: 51°26′N 14°15′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Hoyerswerda
Coat of arms of Hoyerswerda Location of Hoyerswerda in Germany

Country Germany
State Free State of Saxony
Administrative region Dresden
District urban district
Population 41.458 (2006)
Area 94.76 km²
Population density 458 /km²
Elevation 117 m
Coordinates 51°26′ N 14°15′ E
Postal code 02977
Area code 03571
Licence plate code HY
Mayor Horst-Dieter Brähmig (PDS)
Website hoyerswerda.de

Hoyerswerda (Upper Sorbian Wojerecy, Lower Sorbian Wórjejce, Czech Hojeřice) is a town in the German Bundesland of Saxony. It is located in Lusatia, a region where many people speak Sorbian in addition to German. Image File history File links Wappen_Hoyerswerda. ... Image File history File links Karte_Hoyerswerda_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Dresden is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony, Germany, located in the south-east of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... PDS can refer to: Public Distribution System Professional Development System Party of Democratic Socialism in India The Left Party in Germany (formerly called Party of Democratic Socialism) Democratic Party of the Left (Italian: Partito Democratico della Sinistra), an Italian party now developed into the Democrats of the Left Processor Direct... Website - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbsce) is a minority language of Germany spoken in the historical province of Upper Lusatia, today part of Saxony. ... Lower Sorbian (dolnoserbšćina) is a Slavic minority language spoken in eastern Germany in the historical province of Lower Lusatia, today part of Brandenburg. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (voivodship of Lower Silesia and the... The Sorbian languages are classified under the West Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages. ...

Contents

History of the city

The city was first mentioned in 1268. In 1371 it became an official marketplace. It received municipal rights in 1423 also with the right to elect its own council. This right was given by the Freiherr von Duba. In the 18th century the elector of Saxony August der Starke gave the dukedom of Hoyerswerda to Katherina von Teschen, she helped the city to develop trade and manifacture. In the seven-years-war between Prussia and Austria there was a battle also called "Schlacht von Hoyerswerda". In 1815 Hoyerswerda became a Prussian town - it now belonged to the Prussian region of lower Silesia. In 1873 the new railway between Hoyerswerda and Ruhland opened - it had a positive effect on the economic development of the city. In 1912 the Domowina, the organisation of the Sorbians, was founded in the city. Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: Prūsa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in the Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Ślonsk / Ślónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Ruhland is a town in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district, in southern Brandenburg, Germany. ... Domowina is a political independent league of the Sorbian and Wendish people (Sorbs) and umbrella organization of Sorbian societies in Lower and Upper Lusatia (in Germany). ...


At the end of the Second World War the city was declared a core center of German defence and was therefore heavily damaged. The invading Red Army set fire to the town. During the time of the GDR Hoyerwerda became an important industrial town. The lignite processing enterprise of "Schwarze Pumpe" was established in 1955; today it is in the federal state of Brandenburg. Since 1957 the demand for new living space rose dramatically - in the next years 10 new big residentail areas with tens of thousands of apartments were built. In 1981 the city reached its maximum number of inhabitants with about 71.054 people living there. At that time there was nowhere in the GDR where more children per inhabitant were born than Hoyerswerda. Upon reunification in 1990 the people of the city decided to became part of the new federal state of Saxony. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... Brandenburg (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states) and lies in the east of the country. ...


With the end of the GDR and the reconstruction of the East German economy many enterprises in the industrial region of Hoyerswerda were endangered, closed or had to make some employees redundant. The social situation in the city became dangerous, in 1991 a xenophobic attack took place on a hostel containing refugees. It became necessary to develop an anti-violence programm for the city. Between 1993 and 1998 several smaller villages became part of the city, but the number of inhabitants sank rapidly in the heavily hit region. From about 70,000 people in the 1980s only about 41,000 people remained by the end of 2000; the population is expected to shrink to about 20,000 or 30,000 by 2030. It became necessary to "rebuild" the city - many of the apartment blocks built in the time of the GDR were now demolished, financed with money from the EU and the Republik of Germany. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Its role as an independently ruled town in Saxony will disappear in 2007 with the reshaping of the regional administration of Saxony.


Economic situation of the city

While part of East Germany, Hoyerswerda was the location of several important employers, including a power plant, a glassworks, coal mines, and an army artillery range. With the unification of Germany and the subsequent demise of a centrally-planned economy, the town has lost many jobs as the glassworks and artillery range were closed and the power plant reduced its payroll. In the last fifteen years, the population has fallen by one-half and unemployment remains at 22.3% (Economist, Aug. 27, 2005). GDR redirects here. ...


Being far way of from important moptorways it is quite difficult to attract investors to come here. It seems like the future of the city can be found in the rural small town its been before 1945.


References

  • "Still Troubled". The Economist. August 27th-September 2nd, 2005.

External links

  • http://www.hoyerswerda.de/

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hoyerswerda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (626 words)
Hoyerswerda (Upper Sorbian Wojerecy, Lower Sorbian Wórjejce, Czech Hojeřice) is a town in the German Bundesland of Saxony.
In the 18th century the elector of Saxony August der Starke gave the dukedom of Hoyerswerda to Katherina von Teschen, she helped the city to develop trade and manifacture.
In 1873 the new railway between Hoyerswerda and Ruhland opened - it had a positive effect on the economic development of the city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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