FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Howard Johnson's
The current logo for Howard Johnson's motor lodges. There is no current logo for Howard Johnson's restaurants.

Howard Johnson's is a chain of restaurants and motels, located primarily throughout the United States of America. The name is derived from the founder of the original company, Howard Deering Johnson, who started the initial chain of restaurants and motels. Image File history File links HowardJo_logo. ... Image File history File links HowardJo_logo. ... A restaurant chain is a set of related restaurants, typically with the same name in many different locations either under shared corporate ownership (e. ... Motels may refer to any of the following: Motel, a type of temporary commercial accommodation; The Motels, an American new-wave band. ... Howard Deering Johnson (February 2, 1897 - June 20, 1972) was a U.S. hotel and restaurant industrialist. ...

Contents

History

In 1925, after borrowing $2,000 to buy and operate a small corner drugstore that sold newspapers, candy, patent medicine, among other items in Wollaston, a neighborhood in Quincy, Massachusetts , Johnson was surprised to find it easy to pay back the money he had borrowed when he discovered that his recently installed soda fountain was the busiest part of his drugstore, thus creating the most profit. Eager to ensure that his drugstore would remain successful, Johnson decided to come up with a new ice cream recipe. Some sources say the new recipe was based off his Mother's homemade ice creams and desserts, while others say that the new recipe was from a local German immigrant, who either sold or gave Johnson the new ice cream recipe. Regardless, the new ice cream recipe made the ice cream more flavorful due to an increased content of butterfat. Eventually Johnson would come up with 28 flavors of ice cream. Johnson is quoted as saying, "I thought I had every flavor in the world. The 28 flavors (of ice cream) became my trademark. Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession of compounding and dispensing medication. ... E.W. Kembles Deaths Laboratory in Colliers Magazine in 1906 Patent medicine is the somewhat misleading term given to various medical compounds sold under a variety of names and labels, though they were, for the most part, actually medicines with trademarks, not patented medicines. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... Soda fountain is a North American term referring to the carbonated drink dispensers found in fast food restaurants and convenience stores in the US and Canada. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ... An example recipe, printed from the Wikibooks Cookbook. ... A selection of desserts Dessert is not a meal that can be withstanding by itself. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Butterfat or milkfat is the fatty portion of milk. ... A trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by an individual, business organization or other legal entity to uniquely identify the source of its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or services from those of other entities. ...


With his drugstore both successful and profitable, the Howard Johnson's company was founded in 1925, and from then on the Howard Johnson name would begin to become a famous part of American popular culture.


Throughout the summers of the late 1920s, Johnson opened up various concession stands along beachfront property throughout the coast of Massachusetts. The stands sold soft drinks, hot dogs and ice cream. Each of the stands proved to be successful. With his success becoming more noticeable every year, Johnson was able to convince various local bankers to lend him enough money so that he could operate a sitdown restaurant. Negotiations were made, and toward the end of the 1920s, the first Howard Johnson's restaurant opened in Quincy, Massachusetts. This first Howard Johnson's restaurant featured fried clams, baked beans, chicken pot pies, frankfurters, ice cream, and soft drinks. The West Coast of New Zealand The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the ocean. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fried clam. ... Baked beans are proper shit, no-one ever eats them. ... A pot pie served with salad. ... This article contains a trivia section. ...


The first Howard Johnson's restaurant was both successful and profitable as a local restaurant, however in 1929 both the restaurant and Howard Johnson's company received a great deal of fame due to an unusual set of circumstances: At that time, the Mayor of nearby Boston, Mayor Nichols, prohibited the planned production of Eugene O'Neill's play, Strange Interlude from performing in the city of Boston. Rather than fight the Mayor, the Theatre Guild acquiesced and moved the production to Quincy. The five-hour-long play was presented in two parts with a dinner break. The first Howard Johnson's restaurant happened to be right near the theater and was also the best option available to hungry theatergoers. Hundreds of influential Bostonians flocked to the restaurant. Through word of mouth, Americans would soon become familiar with the Howard Johnson's company. Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel- and four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... Strange Interlude is an experimental play by the great American playwright Eugene ONeill. ... The Theatre Guild was a theatrical society founded by Lawrence Langner in New York City in 1918, with the purpose of producing noncommercial american and foreign plays. ... An amount of formality may be present at a dinner Dinner is the main meal of the day, consisting normally of a combination of cooked animal proteins (meat or fish), vegetables, and starch products like rice, noodles, or potatoes. ... Word of mouth, is a reference to the passing of information by verbal means, especially recommendations, but also general information, in an informal, person-to-person manner. ...


Johnson wanted to expand his company, but the stock market crash in 1929 prevented him from doing so. After waiting a few years, but still maintining his business, Johnson was able to persuade an acquaintance in 1932 to open up a second Howard Johnson's restaurant in Orleans, Massachusetts. The second Howard Johnson's restaurant would be a franchised restaurant and not a company owned restaurant. This series of events would take place under one of America's first franchising agreements. Black Monday (1987) on the Dow Jones Industrial Average A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...   Settled: 1693 â€“ Incorporated: 1797 Zip Code(s): 02653 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Franchising (from the French for honesty or freedom[1]) is a method of doing business wherein a franchisor licenses trademarks and tried and proven methods of doing business to a franchisee in exchange for a recurring payment, and usually a percentage piece of gross sales or gross profits as well...


By the end of 1936, there were 39 more franchised restaurants, creating a total of 41 Howard Johnson's restaurants. By 1939, there were 107 Howard Johnson's restaurants along various American East Coast highways, generating revenues of $10.5 million. In less than 14 years, Johnson directed a franchise network of over 10,000 employees with 170 restaurants, many serving one and a half million people a year. 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A Target chain store. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


When the Pennsylvania Turnpike, Ohio Turnpike, and New Jersey Turnpike were built, Johnson bid on and won exclusive rights to serve turnpike drivers at service station turnoffs through the turnpike systems. By the end of 1941 there were 200 Howard Johnson's restaurants when America entered World War II. This Pennsylvania state route article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject Pennsylvania State Highways. ... The westbound Ohio Turnpike The Ohio Turnpike (officially the James W. Shocknessy Ohio Turnpike) is a publicly-built toll east-west expressway across northern Ohio. ... The New Jersey Turnpike is a toll road in New Jersey and is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United States. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


By 1944, only 12 Howard Johnson's restaurants remained in business. The effects of war rationing had crippled Johnson's company. Johnson managed to maintain his business by serving commissary food to war workers and United States Army recruits. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... A commissary is someone delegated by a superior to execute a duty or an office. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


After recovering from this loss, in 1947 the Howard Johnson's company began construction of 200 new Howard Johnson's restaurants throughout the American Southeast and Midwest. By 1951, the sales of the Howard Johnson's company totaled $115 million. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Southeast is the ordinal direction halfway between south and east. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


By 1954, there were 400 Howard Johnson's restaurants in 32 states. About 10% were company-owned turnpike restaurants that were extremely profitable. The rest were franchised restaurants. Also that year, the company decided to enter the motel business and opened the first Howard Johnson's motor lodge in Savannah, Georgia. The Howard Johnson's company employed architects Rufus Nims and Karl Koch to oversee the design of the rooms and gate lodge. Nims had previously worked with the company to design Howard Johnson's restaurants. Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coordinates: County Chatham Government  - Mayor Otis S. Johnson Area  - City 202. ...


In 1959, Howard Deering Johnson, who had found and maintained the company since 1925, turned the reins over to his son, then twenty-six year old Howard Brennan Johnson. Howard Deering Johnson would observe his son's control of the company until his death in 1972 at seventy-six years old. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


By 1961, the year the Howard Johnson's Company went public, there were 88 franchised Howard Johnson's motor lodges in 33 states, including the Bahamas. That same year, there were 605 restaurants, 265 of them company owned and 340 franchised. At this time, Johnson hired famed New York chefs Pierre Franey and Jacques Pepin to oversee food development at the company's main commissary in Brockton, Massachusetts. Franey and Pepin developed recipes for the company's signature dishes that could be flash frozen and delivered across the country, guaranteeing a consistent product. In the early 1960s, Johnson tried a new concept for his father's company with the creation of a steakhouse restaurant chain called Red Coach Grills. Only a handful would open, and while they maintained some success, it wasn't profitable enough, and eventually all the Red Coach Grills closed. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Franey and Claiborne collaborated on numerous books. ... Jacques Pépin is a French chef working in the United States. ... A commissary is someone delegated by a superior to execute a duty or an office. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Plymouth County Settled 1700 Incorporated 1821 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor James E. Harrington (D) Area  - City  21. ... A steakhouse (or steak house) is a restaurant that specializes in beef steaks. ...


In 1969, Johnson once again tried a new restaurant concept, Ground Round. The concept proved to be successful. Though it was not a Howard Johnson's restaurant, the Ground Round chain of restaurants were both company owned and franchised, thus increasing the Howard Johnson's company profit. By 1975 the Howard Johnson's company had over 1,000 restaurants and over 500 motor lodges in 42 states and Canada. For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Ground Round Grill & Bar, an American casual dining restaurant, was founded in 1969 by Howard Johnsons. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The company had reached its peak in 1975, but the late 1970s would mark the beginning of the end for the Howard Johnson's company. Because of the oil embargo of 1974, the Howard Johnson's restaurants and motor lodges, who maintained 85% of revenues from travelers, lost great amounts of profit when Americans couldn't afford to drive long trips or take frequent vacations. Also, the company model of serving pre-made food with high quality ingredients in traditional dining rooms was costly when compared to the innovations introduced by fast food outlets like McDonald's, which designed its products and restaurants to appeal to families with younger children. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ...


Johnson attempted to streamline company operations and cut costs, such as serving cheaper food and having fewer employees within the business. It proved disastrous for the company, as guests were finding this new era of Howard Johnson's restaurants and motor lodges irrelevant to the services they had come to know for years.


Desperate to make the company more successful and profitable, Johnson created other concepts, such as "HoJos Campgrounds" and "3 Penny Inns" for lodging, as well as "Deli Baker Ice Cream Maker", "Chatt's", and "Bumbershoot's" for restaurants. All of these concepts failed, furthering the company's demise.


In 1979, Johnson accepted an acquisition bid from "Imperial Group PLC" of England and sold the Howard Johnson's company to G. Michael Hostage for over $630 million dollars. That money would remain in the Johnson family estate, as would the chain of Ground Round restaurants, which became an independent venture after the selling of the Howard Johnson's company. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130...


Hostage would be the last man ever to control the Howard Johnson's Company. "Imperial Group PLC" obtained, circa 1979, all of the remaining 1,040 restaurants (75% company owned/ 25% franchised) and 520 motor lodges (75% franchised/ 25% company owned). After various attempts to make the Howard Johnson's company more profitable and successful than it was when he and his company bought it in 1979, Hostage had no choice but to sell the Howard Johnson's company after years of failure. In 1985 Hostage sold the Howard Johnson's company to Marriott. Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Marriott International, Inc. ...


Marriott was more interested in the motor lodges than they were in the restaurants. While all of the company owned and franchised motor lodges remained untouched, Marriott quickly took all of the company owned restaurants and had them either demolished or converted into other restaurant chains. The number of Howard Johnson's restaurants remaining circa 1985 were shortened as only the franchised restaurants would remain untouched.


One year later, in 1986, Marriott sold all of the company owned and franchised motor lodges to Prime Motors Inns. Prime Motors Inns would continue to preserve the motor lodges, just as Marriott had done. In 1990, Prime Motors Inns ceased operations. Those involved with the company owned and franchised motor lodges, banded together and formed the "Howard Johnson Acquisition Corporation". They successfully obtained all the rights to operate and maintain the company owned and franchised motor lodges. With these rights maintained, they changed their name to "Howard Johnson International Incorporated", which became a subsidiary of "Hospitality Franchise Systems Incorporated", which eventually merged with other companies to form Cendant. In 2006, Cendant ceased operations. "Hospitality Franchise Systems Incorporated" now became part of Wyndham Worldwide. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Cendant Corporation was a New York-based provider of business and consumer services, primarily within the real estate and travel industries. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Wyndham Worldwide (NYSE: WYN) is the holding company for Wyndham Hotels & Resorts and other lodging brands. ...


While the Howard Johnson's company owned and franchised motor lodges have stood the test of time and continue to operate since the selling of the original Howard Johnson's Company in 1979, the Howard Johnson's restaurants have not. Because Marriott took control and eliminated all of the company owned restaurants, the owners of the franchised restaurants, fearing elimination, banded together in 1986 while Marriott was selling the motor lodges to Prime Motors Inns. The new company that the owners of the franchised restaurants created was called "Franchise Associates Incorporated" or (FAI). In 1986, Marriott gave FAI the rights to operate and maintain Howard Johnson's restaurants. While the Howard Johnson's restaurant chain was preserved, FAI did not have enough money to expand with new Howard Johnson's restaurants.


When Cendant acquired the Howard Johnson's motor lodges, they offered to work together with FAI to ensure the expansion of the Howard Johnson's restaurant chain. With the exception of opening a new Howard Johnson's ice cream parlor in Puerto Rico, FAI never opened a new restaurant or expanded the restaurant chain in any way. Instead, an already built and operating restaurant in Canton, Massachusetts was remodeled to serve as the prototype for a new era of Howard Johnson's restaurants. The concept failed, and after less than a decade of operation the prototype restaurant closed in 2000. Canton is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


FAI ceased operations in 2005. Cendant acquired all the rights to operate and maintain the remaining Howard Johnson's restaurants. In 2006, before Cendant ceased operations, they sold all the rights to "La Mancha Group LLC". La Mancha hopes to revive Howard Johnson's restaurants and make them as successful and profitable as they once were. La Mancha plans on maintaining various Howard Johnson's products in supermarkets and opening a new Howard Johnson's restaurant by the end of 2007 or beginning of 2008. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Supermarket produce section A supermarket is a store that sells a wide variety of goods including food and alcohol, medicine, clothes, and other household products that are consumed regularly. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


As of May 2007, there were only three Howard Johnson's restaurants in business. Each of them was a former franchised restaurant from the original Howard Johnson's company. The three restaurants are located in Lake George, New York; Lake Placid, New York; and Bangor, Maine.[1] Lake George is the name of: A lake A town A village This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Lake Placid is a village of 2,638 in the Adirondack Mountains in Essex County, New York, near the center of the Town of North Elba and named after an adjacent lake. ... This article is about the Maine, USA city of Bangor. ...

Corporate logo of the Howard Johnson's company, circa World War II, showing a depiction of a famous orange-roofed restaurant, characteristic typeface, and "Simple Simon and the Pieman" logo.
Corporate logo of the Howard Johnson's company, circa World War II, showing a depiction of a famous orange-roofed restaurant, characteristic typeface, and "Simple Simon and the Pieman" logo.

Howard Johnsons logo, circa World War II Obtained from [1] , a HoJo nostalgia site, where it is identified as A World War 2 Era Howard Johnsons Menu. ... Howard Johnsons logo, circa World War II Obtained from [1] , a HoJo nostalgia site, where it is identified as A World War 2 Era Howard Johnsons Menu. ...

Icon of popular culture

Throughout the 1940s, '50s and '60s, the Howard Johnson's company dominated America as one of the most recognizable icons of popular culture of its time. The famous orange roofs of the restaurants and gate lodges were as easy to identify back then as the "Golden Arches" of McDonald's are today. Johnson's 28 flavors of ice cream were as familiar as Baskin Robbins' 31 flavors of ice cream. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Image:McDonalds Logo. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Howard Johnson's typified the best as well as the worst features of the national, uniform, standardized chain restaurant. A family on a trip looking for a place to eat in an unfamiliar area could always find a Howard Johnson's, it would always be acceptable, and if you happened to like fried clam strips you could be sure they would have them; but it represented boring uniformity as much as dependable familiarity. A restaurant chain is a set of related restaurants, typically with the same name in many different locations either under shared corporate ownership (e. ... Littleneck clams; the pictured mollusks are of the species Mercenaria mercenaria. ...


Howard Johnson's lived up to its longtime slogans, "Host of the Highways" and "Landmark for Hungry Americans." In fact, its domination of turnpike locations and service plazas was so complete that people began to think of it as a place where they ate while on road trips because they had to, not a place that they went to at home because they wanted to. The nickname "HoJo" was eventually and officially adopted by the company for it was a phrase that was as disparaging as it was affectionate.


Kurt Vonnegut Jr. sends up the pervasiveness of the orange-roofed restaurants in the title story of his 1968 anthology, Welcome to the Monkey House, in which he suggests "ethical suicide parlors" located next to every Howard Johnson's in an overpopulated future. Kurt Vonnegut, Junior (born November 11, 1922) is an American novelist, satirist, and most recently, graphic artist. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... ANThology is the first major label album by Alien Ant Farm. ... Welcome to the Monkey House is an assortment of short stories written by Kurt Vonnegut. ...


The Howard Johnson's name also appeared in Stanley Kubrick's classic science fiction movie 2001: Space Odyssey and was depicted as "Howard Johnson's Earthlight Room". Also, a location for Howard Johnson's along the Illinois Tollway was featured in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers. Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an influential and acclaimed American film director and producer. ... The Illinois Tollway is a collection of four toll roads operated by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ...


The use of the Howard Johnson's name in the 1974 satirical western movie Blazing Saddles indicates the pervasiveness of the restaurant chain at the time. The movie, set in 1874 in the fictional city of "Rock Ridge", features a bogus "original" Howard Johnson's restaurant, which offers "1 Flavor." Reference is made to "the orange roof on Howard Johnson's outhouse", and the joke is furthered as every citizen in town is surnamed "Johnson". 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Alex Karras as Mongo in Blazing Saddles Blazing Saddles (1974) is a comedy directed by Mel Brooks and starring Cleavon Little and Gene Wilder, and released by Warner Brothers. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The band NRBQ made a song named "Howard Johnson's Got His HoJo Working" for their 1972 album, Scraps. The song was released during the popularity of the Howard Johnson's restaurants. NRBQ is an American rock band. ... Scraps is an album released by NRBQ, released in 1972 by Rounder Records and Red Rooster Records. ...


Frank Zappa satirized the eatery on the 1972 album Just Another Band from L.A. in the song Billy the Mountain: Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Just Another Band from L.A. is an album by The Mothers, released in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Billy the Mountain is a Frank Zappa song, first made available on the album Just Another Band from L.A. in 1972. ...

"ETHELL, wanna get a cuppa cawfee?"
(Howard Johnson's! Howard Johnson's!
Howard Johnson's! Howard Johnson's!)
"Ahhh! there's a HOWARD JOHNSON'S! Wanna eat some CLAMS?"

in reference to their famous (or, from Zappa's viewpoint, infamous) breaded fried clams.


Although Howard Johnson's fits into American history in many ways, perhaps the most significant event to take place at a Howard Johnson's restaurant occurred in connection with the Watergate scandal in 1973. There are several versions of the incidents that took place there. According to one of them, some of the Watergate burglars gathered at the Howard Johnson's restaurant, which was across the street from the Watergate building, where the burglary of the Democratic National Committee offices was to take place. When the first group of burglars broke into the office, they were supposed to flash the office lights on and off quickly, so that other burglars in the restaurant would see the signal and know that the burglary had taken place. Other versions maintain that the restaurant was often used for meetings of the burglars, for reconnaissance of the Democratic Committee office, and other purposes. The Watergate scandal was a 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at a Watergate Office Building in Washington, D.C. by members of Richard Nixons administration and the resulting cover-up which led to the resignation of the President. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Former Vermont Governor Dr. Howard Dean is the current Chairman of the DNC. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the principal campaign and fund-raising organization affiliated with the United States Democratic Party. ...


In 1974 singer Connie Francis was brutally raped for two hours in a Howard Johnson's hotel following a performance in Westbury, New York. After returning to the room some time after the attack she discovered the broken lock and torn screen had not been repaired by facility management. Because of this she subsequently sued the hotel chain for failing to provide adequate security. She reportedly won a $3 million judgment, at the time one of the largest judgments in history. [1] Connie Francis (born December 12, 1938 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American pop singer best known for international hit songs such as Whos Sorry Now?, Where The Boys Are, and Everybodys Somebodys Fool. ... It has been suggested that Rapists be merged into this article or section. ... Westbury is a village located in Nassau County, New York in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 14,263. ...


Building designs

Over the course of the company's history, Howard Johnson's had five various building designs for its restaurants and three various designs for its gate lodges. These were:


Restaurants

  • Colonial House — This was the first design for the restaurants. This pre and post World War II era design was modeled after the surrounding Colonial architecture of the company's home state of Massachusetts. The Howard Johnson's "Colonial House" design was made famous by the orange roof, which stood out against the other architecture of the surrounding New England area. Only a handful of restaurants, the majority being the original restaurants built by the company, used the "Colonial House" design.
  • Nims — This was the second design for the restaurants. This mid to late 1950s era design would become the most famous and recognizable design due to the majority of the restaurants being built with this design. This design would continue for years to come. The name is credited to Rufus Nims, an architect who was chosen to design new Howard Johnson's restaurants that would not only reflect the changing times in America, but also the modernization of the Howard Johnson's company.
  • Concept 65 — This was the third design for the restaurants. This mid 1960s design would only be used in three new restaurants built circa 1965. The design was once again created to reflect the changing times in America, including the modernization of the Howard Johnson's company. The design was chosen for three busy locations for Howard Johnson's restaurants. The design played heavily off of the A-Frame designed structure of the gate lodge, which was the structure that housed the offices for the Howard Johnson's motor lodges. The design used wide open spaces to accommodate more guests than the "Colonial House" and "Nims" designs could.
  • T-Shape — This was the fourth design for the restaurants. This late 1960s design was created for the remodeling and expansion of the already built "Nims" designed restaurants at various busy locations, however only two of the "Nims" designed restaurants would actually be remodeled and expanded for this design. It was more or less a scaled down version of the "Concept 65" design, most notable was the shorter pitched A-Frame roof.
  • Mansard — This was the fifth and final design for the restaurants. This early 1970s design was created once again to reflect the changing times in America, as well as the modernization of the Howard Johnson's company. The design was used only at a handful of the final Howard Johnson's restaurants to be built. It was created with a various rectangular or square design, but always topped with a Mansard roof. The design was primarily used to make the cost of constructing new restaurants as cheap and energy-efficient as possible. It was the least popular and least recognizable of the Howard Johnson's restaurant designs, for it lacked the charm and familiar feeling of the previous designs that guests had come to know over the years.

Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... An A-frame is a basic structure designed to bear a load in a lightweight, economical manner. ... Château of Dampierre-en-Yvelines: domesticated Baroque at the center of Louis XIVs inner circle A Mansard or Mansard roof in architecture refers to a style of hip and totally awesome roof characterized by two slopes on each of its four sides with the lower slope being much...

Gate lodges

  • Ranch — This was the first design for the gate lodge. The design was created by both architects Rufus Nims and Karl Koch. It was used throughout the 1950s and 1960s.
  • A-Frame — This was the second design for the gate lodge. It was also the most famous and recognizable of the gate lodge designs. It would be used throughout the 1960s and 1970s. The majority of the Howard Johnson's motor lodges used this design for their gate lodge.
  • Mansard — This was the third and last design for the gate lodge. Only a handful were created throughout the 1970s to reflect the architecture of the nearby "Mansard" designed Howard Johnson's restaurant.

References

Carayannis, Elias G. & Christopher Ziemnowicz (2007), "The Case of Howard Johnson's Restaurant Chain: Schumpeter's Creative Entrepreneurial Beginning and "Innovation-less" Ending", Rediscovering Schumpeter, Palgrave Mcmillan, ISBN 978-1403942418


In Dog Day Afternoon (1975), when Leon asked why Sonny wanted to go to Algeria, one thing he mentioned was that 'It has a Howard's Johnson."


Notes

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Howard Johnson's - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1150 words)
When the Pennsylvania, Ohio and New Jersey turnpikes were built, Howard Johnson bid on and won exclusive rights to serve the hungry turnpike multitudes.
By 1961, the year the Howard Johnson Co. went public, there were 88 franchised Howard Johnson's Motor Lodges in 33 states and the Bahamas.
Howard Deering Johnson died in 1972 at the age of 76.
Celtic Art: Celtic Mythology; The Realistic Celtic Art work and illustrations of Celtic myth & legend by Howard ... (5830 words)
Howard David Johnson has devoted a lifetime to creating his Illustrative Celtic Art, please be patient while the images are loading...
Howard David Johnson is a contemporary illustrator, photographer, and scholar with a background in the natural sciences, mythology, and history.
H D Johnson, or David as he is called, works in a wide variety of media ranging from traditional oils, pastels and others to today's cutting edge digital media.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m