FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Howard Carter (archaeologist)
Howard Carter

Howard Carter (May 9, 1874March 2, 1939) was an English archaeologist and Egyptologist. Born in the London district of Kensington,[1] his childhood was spent primarily in the market town of Swaffham, Norfolk, where he lived with his maiden aunts.[2] He is most famous as the discoverer of KV62, the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt. Plate LXXA shows detail on a ceremonial walking staff found buried with Tutankhamun; it depicts the two foes, or the Northern and Southern enemies of Egypt. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... The Great Sphinx of Giza against Khafres Pyramid at the Giza pyramid complex. ... For other uses, see Kensington (disambiguation). ... Swaffham is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. ... The pharaohs solid gold funerary mask was laid to rest with him in KV62 The wall decorations in KV62s burial chamber are modest in comparison to other tombs in the Valley Tomb KV62 in Egypts Valley of the Kings is the Tomb of Tutankhamun, famous the world... King Tut redirects here. ... Location of the valley in the Theban Hills, West of the Nile, October 1988 (red arrow shows location) The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wadi Biban el-Muluk; Gates of the King)[1] is a valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to... Luxor on Nile, at Luxor Temple with mosque. ...

Contents

Early work

In 1890, at the age of 16, Carter began copying inscriptions and paintings in Egypt. He worked on the excavation of Beni Hasan, the grave site of the princes of Middle Egypt, c. 2000 BC. Later he came under the tutelage of William Flinders Petrie. Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Beni Hasan (or Bani Hasan, or also Beni-Hassan) is a village in Middle Egypt about 25 km south of al Minya, on the east bank of the Nile, with remarkable catacombs that have been excavated. ... The Middle Kingdom is the period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 2030 BC and 1640 BC. The period comprises two phases, the 11th Dynasty, which ruled from Thebes and the 12th Dynasty... (Redirected from 2000 BC) (21st century BC - 20th century BC - 19th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 2064 - 1986 BC -- Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt 2000 BC -- Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya. ... Egyptologist Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (3 June 1853 - 28 July 1942) was a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology. ...


He is also famous for finding the remains of Queen Hatshepsut's tomb in Deir el-Bahri. In 1899, Carter was offered a job working for the Egyptian Antiquities Service, (EAS) from which he resigned as a result of a dispute between Egyptian site guards and a group of French tourists in 1905. Maatkare[1] Truth is the Ka of Re Nomen Khnumt-Amun Hatshepsut[1] Joined with Amun, Foremost of Noble Ladies Horus name Wesretkau [1] Mighty of Kas Nebty name Wadjrenput[1] Flourishing of years Golden Horus Netjeretkhau[1] Divine of appearance Consort(s) Thutmose II Issue Neferure Father Thutmose I... Djeser-Djeseru – the focal point of the complex Deir el-Bahri (Arabic دير البحري dayr al-baḥrī, literally meaning, “The Northern Monastery”) is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the city of Luxor, Egypt. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Supreme Council of Antiquities (commonly abbreviated SCA) is part of the Egyptian Ministry of Culture and is responsible for the conservation, protection and regulation of all antiquities and archaeological excavations in Egypt. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


Tutankhamun's tomb

After several hard years, Carter was introduced, in 1907, to Lord Carnarvon, an eager amateur who was prepared to supply the funds necessary for Carter's work to continue. Soon, Carter was supervising all of Lord Carnarvon's excavations. Painted walls in the burial chamber KV62 (Tutankhamuns tomb) Valley of the Kings, Egypt Photo taken by Hajor, Dec. ... Painted walls in the burial chamber KV62 (Tutankhamuns tomb) Valley of the Kings, Egypt Photo taken by Hajor, Dec. ... King Tut redirects here. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lord Carnarvon, who was the chief financial backer on many of Howard Carters Egyptian excavations. ... The term archaeological excavation has a double meaning. ...


Lord Carnarvon financed Carter's search for the tomb of a previously unknown Pharaoh, Tutankhamun, whose existence Carter had discovered. After a few months of fruitless searching, Carnarvon was becoming dissatisfied with the lack of return from his investment and, in 1922, he gave Carter one more season of funding to find the tomb. For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... King Tut redirects here. ...

Carter's house in the Theban Necropolis

On 4 November 1922, after 15 years of searching and being funded, Carter found the steps leading to Tutankhamun's tomb (subsequently designated KV62), by far the best preserved and most intact pharaonic tomb ever found in the Valley of the Kings. He wired Lord Carnarvon to come, and on 26 November 1922, with Lord Carnarvon, Carnarvon's daughter, and others in attendance, Carter made the famous "tiny breach in the top left hand corner" of the doorway, and was able to peer in by the light of a candle and see that many of the gold and ebony treasures were still in place. He did not yet know at that point whether it was "a tomb or merely a cache", but he did see a promising sealed doorway between two sentinel statues. When Carnarvon asked him if he saw anything, Carter replied: "Yes, wonderful things".[3] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x853, 207 KB) Home of Howard Carter, discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamun; west-bank section of Luxor, Egypt. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x853, 207 KB) Home of Howard Carter, discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamun; west-bank section of Luxor, Egypt. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... KV is an acronym employed by Egyptologists to designate tombs located in the Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt. ... The pharaohs solid gold funerary mask was laid to rest with him in KV62 The wall decorations in KV62s burial chamber are modest in comparison to other tombs in the Valley Tomb KV62 in Egypts Valley of the Kings is the Tomb of Tutankhamun, famous the world... Location of the valley in the Theban Hills, West of the Nile, October 1988 (red arrow shows location) The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wadi Biban el-Muluk; Gates of the King)[1] is a valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


When in 1922 he discovered the tomb, it was said he found as well 150 gold amulets and even a death mask weighing 11 kilograms, with which the pharaoh was buried. Carter was thought to have used an axe to get the gold charms and the mummy was broken into 18 pieces. Due to the poor archaeological knowledge at the time, Carter left the mummy for hours without protection under the sun (in November, more than 35 degrees Celsius).

The next several weeks were spent carefully cataloging the contents of the antechamber. On February 16, 1923, Carter opened the sealed doorway, and found that it did indeed lead to a burial chamber, and he got his first glimpse of the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (860x605, 155 KB) de: Luxor (Ägypten): das Tal der Könige en: Luxor (Egypt): Valley of the Kings es: Luxor (Egypto): el Valle de loss Reyes {{fr)) Louxor (Egypte): le Vallée des Rois Fotograf/Photographer: Peter J. Bubenik (1995) File... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (860x605, 155 KB) de: Luxor (Ägypten): das Tal der Könige en: Luxor (Egypt): Valley of the Kings es: Luxor (Egypto): el Valle de loss Reyes {{fr)) Louxor (Egypte): le Vallée des Rois Fotograf/Photographer: Peter J. Bubenik (1995) File... The pharaohs solid gold funerary mask was laid to rest with him in KV62 The wall decorations in KV62s burial chamber are modest in comparison to other tombs in the Valley Tomb KV62 in Egypts Valley of the Kings is the Tomb of Tutankhamun, famous the world... Location of the valley in the Theban Hills, West of the Nile, October 1988 (red arrow shows location) The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wadi Biban el-Muluk; Gates of the King)[1] is a valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Etruscan Sarcophagus of the Spouses, at the National Etruscan Museum. ...


Carter's own papers suggest that he, Lord Carnarvon and Lady Evelyn Herbert entered the tomb shortly after its discovery – without waiting for the arrival of Egyptian officials (as stipulated in their excavation permit). Artifacts and jewelry from the tomb were found in Carter's home after his death, suggesting that he had violated his permit.


Later work and death

Following his extensive finds, Carter retired from archaeology and became a collector. He visited the United States in 1924, and gave a series of illustrated lectures in New York City which were attended by very large and enthusiastic audiences. He died of lymphoma, a type of cancer, in England on March 2, 1939[4] at the age of 64. The archaeologist's death, so long after the opening of the tomb, is the most common piece of evidence put forward by skeptics to refute the idea of a curse (the "Curse of the Pharaohs") plaguing the party that violated Tutankhamun's tomb. For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... -1... This article is about lymphoma in humans. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Curse of the Pharaohs refers to the belief that any person who disturbs the mummy of an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh is placed under a curse whereby they will shortly die. ...


Howard Carter is buried in Putney Vale Cemetery in West London. On his gravestone is written: "May your spirit live, May you spend millions of years, You who love Thebes, Sitting with your face to the north wind, Your eyes beholding happiness"[5] and "O night, spread thy wings over me as the imperishable stars".[6] Putney Vale is a small community at the foot of Roehampton Vale. ...


Howard Carter in popular culture

Howard Carter has been represented in a number of films, television programmes, etc.:

  • Egypt - a 2005 BBC One television series which featured the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb by Carter in the first two 60 minute episodes.[7]
  • The Imax film 'Mysteries of Egypt' directed by Bruce Neibaur.
  • In Search of the Pharaohs - a 30-minute cantata for narrator, junior choir and piano by composer Robert Steadman, commissioned by the City of London Freemen's School which uses extracts from Carter's diaries as its text.[citation needed]
  • A paraphrased extract from Howard Carter's diary of November 26, 1922 is used as the plaintext for Part 3 of the encrypted Kryptos sculpture at CIA Headquarters in Langley, Virginia.[8]
  • Carter was the loose inspiration for the alter ego of the comic book superhero Hawkman—"Carter Hall", an archaeologist digging in Egypt, introduced in Flash Comics #1 (1940).[citation needed]
  • Carter is a recurring character in the Amelia Peabody series of mystery novels by Elizabeth Peters; the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb is fictionalized in Peters' Tomb of the Golden Bird (see that article for more info).
  • In the Wheels of Salvation adventure game hosted on Miniclip.com, the player controls an Indiana Jones-like character named Dr. Carter.[9]
  • In the anime Lupin III (Shin Lupin III) Episode 007 "Tutankhamen's 3000-year Curse", Lupin manages to rob Tutankhamen's burial mask from a museum. In a sequence explaining the supposed curse of King Tutankhamen, Carter is seen excavating Tutankhamen's tomb. Lord Carnarvon's death is mentioned as well, though the narration places the excavation and death of Carnarvon both in 1922 and Carter's death in 1923, a year after Carnarvon's.[citation needed]
  • In the 1992 PC murder mystery game The Dagger of Amon Ra, a character named Pippin Carter, ostensibly Howard's cousin, is also a world-renowned archaeologist, famous for discovering the Temple of Amon Ra in 1926 and the aforementioned dagger within.

Egypt is the title of a BBC television drama serial about various archaeological discoveries taking place in that countrys history, with the occasional flashback scene involving actors portraying the ancient Egyptians themselves. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... A cantata (Italian, sung) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment and generally containing more than one movement. ... Robert Steadman (born April 1, 1965) is a British composer of classical music who mostly works in a post-minimalist style but also writes lighter music, including musicals, and compositions for educational purposes. ... City of London Freemens School, commonly known as CLFS and locally known as Freemens, is an independent co-educational school located at Ashtead Park in Surrey, England. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about cryptography. ... Kryptos on the grounds of the Central Intelligence Agency in Langley, Virginia (U.S. Government image). ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Langley is an unincorporated community in the census-designated place of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... For other meanings of the term, see Hawkman (disambiguation) Hawkman is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe. ... The Golden Age Flash as created by Gardner Fox & Harry Lampert The Flash is a DC Comics superhero possessing super-speed. ... The Amelia Peabody series of mystery novels are written by Elizabeth Peters. ... Elizabeth Peters (a pen-name of Barbara Mertz) has written many books in the mystery genre, featuring strong female protagonists and many archaeological connections. ... Tomb of the Golden Bird (2006) is the 18th in a series of mystery novels, written by Elizabeth Peters and featuring fictional sleuth and archaeologist Amelia Peabody. ... This is an article about the computer and video game genre. ... Miniclip is an award-winning online company, known for their browser-based games. ... Lupin the 3rd and Lupin the third redirect here. ... Shin Lupin III (or Lupin III Part 2 or The New Lupin III) is an anime based off Monkey Punchs manga that ran in Japan during 1977-1980 and ran for 155 episodes. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Laura Bow 2: The Dagger of Amon Ra (usually just called The Dagger of Amon Ra) is a computer game published by Sierra On-Line in 1992. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ http://www.crystalinks.com/tutstomb.html
  4. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0509.html
  5. ^ from the Wishing Cup of Tutankhamun
  6. ^ C.f the prayer to the Goddess Nut found on the lids of New Kingdom coffins: "O my mother Nut, spread yourself over me, so that I may be placed among the imperishable stars and may never die."[3]
  7. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2005/10_october/17/egypt_carter_eps.shtml
  8. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2005/US/06/19/cracking.the.code/index.html
  9. ^ Miniclip.com

King Tut redirects here. ... Look up nut in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Further reading

  • James, T.G.H. Howard Carter: The Path to Tutankhamun. London: Kegan Paul International, 1992 (hardcover, ISBN 0710304250); London: Tauris Parke, 2001 (paperback, ISBN 1-86064-615-8)
  • Reeves, Nicholas; Taylor, John H. Howard Carter: Before Tutankhamun, London: British Museum Press, 1992 (hardcover, ISBN 0714109525); New York: H. N. Abrams, 1993 (hardcover, ISBN 0810931869)
  • Vandenberg, Philipp. The Forgotten Pharaoh: The Discovery of Tutankhamun. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1980 (hardcover, ISBN 0340246642)
  • Winstone, H.V.F. Howard Carter and the Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamun. Manchester: Barzan Publishing, 2006 (hardcover, ISBN 1905521049; paperback, ISBN 1905521057)

Harry Victor Frederick Winstone FRGS, known as Victor, (born 1926) is an English author and journalist, who specialises in Middle Eastern topics. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m