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Encyclopedia > Houston Chronicle
Houston Chronicle logo
An example of a cover from Houston Chronicle in 2006.
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet

Owner The Hearst Corporation
Publisher Jack Sweeney
Editor Jeff Cohen (news editor),
James Howard Gibbons (opinion editor)
Founded 1901
Political position   disputed news coverage,
center-left editorial, although newspaper endorsed
George W. Bush for president in 2000 and 2004.
Headquarters   multiple

Website: chron.com

The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. It is one of the 10 largest newspapers in the United States, with a daily circulation of more than 549,300. With the demise of its long-time rival the Houston Post, its nearest major competitors are located in Dallas-Fort Worth. It is the largest daily paper owned and operated by the Hearst Corporation, a multinational corporate media conglomerate with $4 billion in revenues. The paper employs nearly 2,000 people, including approximately 300 journalists, editors, and photographers. The Chronicle has bureaus in Washington, D.C., Mexico, Colombia, Dallas, San Antonio, Austin, Beaumont and the Rio Grande Valley. Its web site averages 25 million hits per month. The paper is currently the subject of multiple boycott efforts including by a Houston radio station and the Houston Republican Party over allegations of a liberal political bias. Image File history File links Houston_Chronicle_logo. ... Image File history File links Houston_Chronicle_2006_front_cover. ... Newspaper sizes in August 2005. ... The Hearst Corporation is a large privately-held media conglomerate based in New York City. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States and former governor of Texas. ... Nickname: Space City Official website: www. ... Best-selling English language daily newspapers as of 2002, with circulation: The Sun 3,541,002 United Kingdom (tabloid) The Daily Mail 2,342,982 United Kingdom (tabloid) The Daily Mirror 2,148,058 United Kingdom (tabloid) The Times of India 2,144,842 India USA Today 2,120,357... Best-selling English language daily newspapers as of 2002, with circulation: The Sun 3,541,002 United Kingdom (tabloid) The Daily Mail 2,342,982 United Kingdom (tabloid) The Daily Mirror 2,148,058 United Kingdom (tabloid) The Times of India 2,144,842 India USA Today 2,120,357... The Hearst Corporation is a large privately-held media conglomerate based in New York City. ... A multinational corporation (MNC) or multinational enterprise (MNE) or transnational corporation (TNC) is a corporation/enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... It has been suggested that Media Institution be merged into this article or section. ... Journalism is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ... An editorial is a statement or article by a news organization (generally a newspaper) that expresses an opinion rather than attempting to simply report news, as the latter should ideally be done without bias. ... Photography is the process of making pictures by means of the action of light. ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Nickname: Big D Official website: www. ... Nickname: Alamo City Official website: www. ... Nickname: Live Music Capital of the World, ATX Official website: www. ... Flag of Beaumont, Texas Beaumont is a city and county seat of Jefferson County, Texas and is within the Beaumont—Port Arthur metropolitan area. ... Geography The Rio Grande Valley is located in the southernmost tip of Texas. ...

Contents


History

Image File history File links Houston_Chronicle_Frontpage_small_Vol1. ... Image File history File links Houston_Chronicle_Frontpage_small_Vol1. ...

1901: Marcellus E. Foster

The Houston Chronicle was founded in 1901 by a former reporter for the now-defunct Houston Post, Marcellus E. Foster. Foster, who had been covering the Spindletop oil boom for the Post, invested in Spindletop and took $30 of the return on that investment — at the time equivalent to a week's wages — and used it to found the Chronicle. 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Houston Post was a newspaper in Houston, Texas established on February 19, 1880, by Gail Borden Johnson. ... Spindletop is an oil field located just south of Beaumont, Texas in the United States. ...


The Chronicle's first edition was published on October 14, 1901 and sold for two cents per copy, at a time when most papers sold for five cents each. At the end of its first month in operation, the Chronicle had a circulation of 4,378 — roughly one tenth of the population of Houston at the time. Within the first year of operation, the paper purchased and consolidated the Daily Herald. October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in Leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Goodfellows

In 1911, City Editor George Kepple started Goodfellows. On a Christmas Eve in 1911, Kepple passed a hat among the Chronicle's reporters to collect money to buy toys for a shoe-shine boy. 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The Christmas Eve (1904-05), watercolor painting by the Swedish painter Carl Larsson (1853-1919) Christmas Eve, December 24, the day before Christmas Day, is treated to a greater or a lesser extent in most Christian societies as part of the Christmas festivities. ...


Goodfellows continues today through donations made by the newspaper and its readers. It has grown into a city-wide program that provides needy children between the ages of two and ten with toys during the winter holidays. In 2003, Goodfellows distributed almost 250,000 toys to more than 100,000 needy children in the Greater Houston area. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An image of the Greater Houston area taken on NASAs Landsat 7 satellite with Galveston Bay and Galveston Island visible in the picture The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest and most diverse metropolitan...


1926: Jesse H. Jones

In 1926, Jesse H. Jones became the sole owner of the paper. In 1968, the Chronicle set a Texas newspaper circulation record. In 1981, the business pages — which up until then had been combined with sports — became its own section of the newspaper. 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jesse Holman Jones Jesse Holman Jones (also known as Jesse H. Jones) (April 5, 1874 – June 1, 1956) was a Houston, Texas politician and entrepreneur. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


1987: Hearst

On May 1, 1987, the Hearst Corporation purchased the Houston Chronicle for $415 Million. In 1994, the Chronicle switched to being a morning-only paper and is now Houston's only major daily newspaper. May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hearst Corporation is a large privately-held media conglomerate based in New York City. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


People

Jack Sweeney is the publisher and president of the Houston Chronicle.


As of April 2006, the editorial board includes: 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • President: Jack Sweeney
  • Executive Vice President and Editor: Jeff Cohen
  • Editor (Opinion pages): James Howard Gibbons
  • Outlook Editor: David Langworthy
  • Assistant Outlook Editor: Vernoica Bucio
  • Viewpoints Editor: Judy Minshew
  • Editorial Writer: Andrea Georgsson
  • Editorial Writer: Claudia Kolker
  • Editorial Writer: Tim Fleck
  • Editorial Cartoonist: Nick Anderson
  • Reader Representative: James T. Campbell

The paper employs nearly 2,000 people, including approximately 300 journalists. The paper's main political columnist is Cragg Hines, who is based in Washington, D.C. In addition, the Chronicle contracts with multiple distributors who circulate and deliver copies of the newspaper. Journalism is a discipline of collecting, analyzing, verifying, and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ... Cragg Hines is a Washington, D.C. based political opinion columnist. ...


Awards

  • 2000: Houston's M. D. Anderson Cancer Center gave the Chronicle its Joseph T. Ainsworth Volunteer Community Award for making the newspaper available at a "greatly reduced rate" to the hospital and its patients. [1]
  • 2002: Holocaust Museum Houston awarded the Chronicle its "Guardian of the Human spirit" award. The presenter, Janis Goldstein, said the award was given because "because the Houston Chronicle embraces the causes most dear to it with a depth and scope that goes well beyond what is expected." Also, that "the Chronicle gives of itself to build a community that will embrace tolerance, understanding, and diversity and will speak out against prejudice and unfairness of any kind." [2]

This article is about the year 2000. ... M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is a Cancer Research facility in The United States. ... The Ainsworth Award, which is given to recognize individuals, groups and organizations for their volunteer contributions of time and talent to the patients of M. D. Anderson, was originally established in 1975 as the Community Service Award. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...

Individual awards

  • 1989-1997: Carlos Antonio Rios, a Chronicle photographer since 1978, has repeatedly been honored for his photojournalism by the National Association of Hispanic Journalists. [3]
  • 2003: James Howard Gibbons received third place in the "Hearst Distinguished Journalism Awards," an internal contest held between Hearst's newspapers, for his editorial piece When Will the U.S. Liberate Texas? [4]
  • 2005: White House correspondent Julie Mason was voted by readers of Wonkette (a Washington, D.C. political blog) the tongue-in-cheek "Best to Sit Next to on the Bus (for more than 20 minutes)."
  • Leon Hale, a long-time columnist and author of 11 books, recently received the Lon Tinkle Award for Excellence Sustained Throughout a Career from the Texas Institute of Letters, of which Hale is member. [5]

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... The National Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ) is a Washington, D.C.-based organization dedicated to the advancement of Hispanic journalists in the United States. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Julie Mason is a political journalist and the White House correspondent for the Houston Chronicle. ... Wonkette is a blog published by Gawker Media that details the goings-on of the political establishment in Washington, DC. The site focuses heavily on gossip, humor, and the downfall of the powerful, as well as more serious matters of politics or policy. ... Leon Hale is an author and award winning columnist for the Houston Chronicle. ...

Pulitzer Prize

The Houston Chronicle is the only newspaper of the '10 largest' in the United States to have never won a Pulitzer Prize for journalism. [6] The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ...


However, reporters at the newspaper have several times been Pulitzer finalists, recently for international reporting:

  • Dudley Althaus - 1992 finalist in international reporting for his articles on the causes of the cholera epidemic in Peru and Mexico.
  • Tony Freemantle - 1997 finalist in international reporting for his reporting from Rwanda, South Africa, El Salvador and Guatemala on why crimes against humanity go unstopped and unpunished.

1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Cholera (also called Asiatic cholera) is a water-borne disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which are typically ingested by drinking contaminated water, or by eating improperly cooked fish, especially shellfish. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Press Club of Houston

As the only publication with a circulation of 100,000 or greater papers in Houston, the Chronicle has generally dominated the Press Club of Houston's annual journalism awards since the closing of the Houston Post. In 2000 the Chronicle suffered some embarrassment after the Press Club declined to issue a first place award for "Best Breaking News Coverage" by a major newspaper, despite being the lone candidate. According to the Press Club's awards judges, the Chronicle's entries did not demonstrate "extraordinary creativity in approach or execution or inspired reporting or exceptionally compelling writing" that was deserving of the first place award.[7]


Criticism

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see discussion on the talk page.

On the political right, the paper's main critics are conservative talk radio station KSEV and its affiliated weblogs, Chronically Biased and Lone Star Times. The paper's editorial page is often a target in Houston's political circles for what critics perceive as an overbearing habit of promoting light rail transit. Chronically Biased featured a cartoon character named "Captain Chronicle" who espouses light rail transit as the solution to all of Houston's problems (including those unrelated to traffic.) Image File history File links Stop_hand. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Talk radio is a radio format which features discussion of topical issues. ... KSEV is a talk station at 700 on the AM radio dial and is available throughout the Houston, Texas area. ... A weblog (now more commonly known as a blog) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally, but not always, in reverse chronological order). ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


In May of 2005 the Harris County Republican Party joined a boycott of the newspaper, [8] called for previously by KSEV hosts. The Republican Party accused the paper of having a liberal political slant, of biased coverage of the light rail project, of supporting Planned Parenthood and of waging a "personal smear campaign" against Houston area congressman Tom DeLay. Location in the state of Texas Formed Seat Houston Area  - Total  - Water 4,604 km² (1,778 mi²) 127 km² (49 mi²) 2. ... The Republican Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States two-party system, the other one being the Democratic Party. ... A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... Planned Parenthoods Logo Planned Parenthood[1] is the name of several federations of health clinics that are spread out across the world, (the International Planned Parenthood Federation, various regional federations, as well as country-specific ones) focusing on issues related to reproductive rights. ... Thomas Dale DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a congressman from Sugar Land, Texas, a former House Majority Leader, and a prominent member of the Republican Party who recently announced he would soon resign his seat. ...


The newspaper also has had critics on the political left. The Houston Press, an alternative weekly tabloid newspaper that often takes a liberal perspective, used to run a column entitled "News Hostage", which often critiqued the Chronicle. Now that paper only occasionally criticizes the Chronicle in its "Hairballs" column. The Houston Press is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Houston, Texas. ... A tabloid is a newspaper — especially in the United Kingdom — that uses the tabloid format, which is roughly 23½ by 14¾ inches per spread. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of...


Light Rail memorandum controversy

In late 2002, Chronicle website managers accidentally posted an internal memorandum on its Web site, HoustonChronicle.com. The memorandum [9] outlined a draft agenda of coordinated news articles, editorials, and op-eds seemingly intended to promote a hotly contested mass transit referendum to expand Houston's controversial METRORail system on the 2003 ballot, which was later approved narrowly by voters. The memo's anonymous author proposed supporting the referendum and stated: For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Look up Memorandum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A memorandum is a written form of communication most often employed in business environments. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

"Next November, voters in the city and across the Metropolitan Transit Authority service area will cast a truly important vote: They will decide whether Metro should be permitted to expand our rail rail system beyond the 7-mile South Main line. There isn't a more critical issue on the horizon.
I propose a series of editorials, editorial cartoons and Sounding Board columns leading up to the rail referendum, with this specific objective: Continuing our long standing efforts to make rail a permanent part of the transit mix here.
The timing, language and approach of the paper's editorials would, of course, be the decision of the Editorial Board. But I suggest that they could be built upon and informed by a news-feature package with an equally specific focus..."

The memorandum then proposed several "investigative" news stories and editorials designed to examine "the campaign led by Tom DeLay and Bob Lanier to defeat rail expansion." DeLay, a Houston congressman, and Lanier, a former mayor of Houston, had both actively opposed light rail in the past. Thomas Dale DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a congressman from Sugar Land, Texas, a former House Majority Leader, and a prominent member of the Republican Party who recently announced he would soon resign his seat. ... Bob Lanier (born September 3, 1943) is a businessman in the construction industry (Landar Company) who became mayor of the city of Houston, Texas from 1992 to 1998. ...


The document was online for only an hour, but long enough to be viewed by some readers. Soon after the Houston Review, a conservative newspaper published by students at the University of Houston (now defunct), printed the memo's full text and an accompanying commentary that criticized the paper for bias toward rail. The Houston Press also accused the Chronicle of having a bias toward rail.[10] They dubbed the paper Houston's "in-house light rail newsletter," described it as a "tireless promoter of rail," and mocked its editorial board's portrayal of light rail as the key to making Houston a "world class" city [11] — a claim echoed by the city's former mayor, Lee Brown, who campaigned on a platform of bringing light rail to Houston. Other local weekly and monthly newspapers, including the Houston Forward Times, a local African-American weekly newspaper, seized on the controversy, as did local talk radio stations, bloggers, and the conservative Free Republic Internet forum. The University of Houston, often called U of H or UH, is a comprehensive doctoral degree-granting university[1] located in Houston, Texas. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Talk radio is a radio format which features discussion of topical issues. ... This article is about a type of web application. ... Free Republic is a moderated Internet forum and activist site for conservatives from the United States. ...


The Chronicle's response was notably muted. Its first official response appeared in the "corrections" section later the same week stating: "An internal Houston Chronicle document was mistakenly posted to the editorial/opinion area of the Web site early Thursday morning. We apologize for any confusion it may have caused."


Later, the Houston Press tracked down Chronicle editor Jeff Cohen, who gave a statement in defense of the memorandum: "I make no apologies for having a thorough discussion of the issue. We have nothing to apologize for…There was an inadvertent posting of it to the Web site, and I'm sorry about that, but I make no apologies for the contents of it." Jeffrey Bertan Cohen (born June 25, 1974) was a child actor whose only claim to fame is appearing as Chunk in the 1985 cult classic Steven Spielberg production The Goonies. ...


After the memo's accidental release, the Chronicle's critics noted that its Editorial Board continued being a vocal advocate of the expansion of Houston's light rail and charged that the paper became a partisan participant in the debate over light rail expansion. According to a content analysis of the paper by the Houston Review done to support their allegation of bias, the Houston Chronicle published 5 editorials attacking rail opponents, 6 editorials promoting or endorsing light rail, 6 news stories attacking the motives of rail opponents, 3 news stories promoting a criminal investigation of rail opponents, and 1 staff editorial endorsing a criminal investigation of rail opponents during the course of the election.[12] As the bond referendum approached, rail opponents criticized the Houston Chronicle's request that Texans for True Mobility (TTM), the main critic of METRORail, provide the paper with a copy of their financial contributor reports. TTM declined, saying they did not believe the Chronicle would adequately protect the privacy of their donors. Texans for True Mobility (TTM) is a 501(c)6 non-profit organization based in Houston, Texas. ...


The Chronicle responded by making a complaint to the Harris County District Attorney's office asking that Texans for True Mobility be investigated for potential violations of Texas election law. The Chronicle alleged that TTM broke a law requiring PACs to disclose their donors. Violation of this law, a misdemeanor, is punishable by a maximum $500 fine. TTM was a registered non-profit organization (501(c)6) and said this status did not require them to disclose contributors like PACs must do. The Chronicle argued that the law covered TTM because it made "paid political moves." Texas campaign law allows nonprofits to run "educational" advertisements, but those advertisements cannot endorse specific political positions or people or make a specific recommendation in a pending election. The dispute was over whether TTM's advertisements, and specifically the slogans "Metro's Rail Plan Costs Too Much ... Does Too Little" and "Metro's Plan Won't Work Here," were specific recommendations on how to vote. In the United States, a political action committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group organized to elect or defeat government officials in order to promote legislation, often supporting the groups special interests. ... A nonprofit organization (sometimes abbreviated to not-for-profit, non-profit, or NPO) is an organization whose primary objective is to support some issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. ... A 501(c)6 is a type of non-profit organization that is common in the United States. ...


Rosenthal later dismissed the Chronicle's complaint, finding it without merit on the grounds that the statute did not apply. Rosenthal's involvement in the probe itself came under fire by the Houston Press, which in editorials questioned whether Rosenthal was too close to TTM: from 2000 to 2004, Rosenthal accepted some $30,000 in donations from known TTM supporters. The Houston Press is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Houston, Texas. ...


Later that year, the group revealed that that their TV and radio ads were funded by $30,000 in contributions made the day before the election by two PACs controlled by DeLay.


By comparison with TTM, which was extensively attacked in the paper's editorials and covered in multiple news stories, the Chronicle devoted only a portion of one article to the finances of Texans for Public Transportation (TPT), the main pro-METRORail group, according to the Houston Review.[13] The Houston Review further alleged multiple conflicts of interest in TPT's financing. The report involved fourteen METRORail contracters and business interests who stood to gain financially from the project and donated hundreds of thousands of dollars to promote the referendum.[14] Texans for Public Transportation (TPT) was a Political Action Committee that advocated referendums expanding the controversial Houston, Texas METRORail system in 2003. ...


Feuds with KSEV radio and Bill O'Reilly

In early 2004 the Chronicle was accused of bias and adding to the family's grief regarding its coverage of the death of Leroy Sandoval, a soldier from Houston who was killed in Iraq. Chronicle reporter Lucas Wall visited the family of Sandoval for an interview about the loss of their loved one. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the article appeared Sandoval's family members complained that a sentence alleging "President Bush's failure to find weapons of mass destruction" in Iraq misrepresented their views on the war and President George W. Bush (the Sandoval family was supportive of the war). The next day Sandoval's stepfather and sister called into Houston talk radio station KSEV and explained that Wall had pressured them for a quotation that criticized Bush and then included the line alleging Bush's "failure" against the wishes of the family.[15] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States and former governor of Texas. ... KSEV is a talk station at 700 on the AM radio dial and is available throughout the Houston, Texas area. ...


A bitter on-air showdown ensued between the KSEV radio show host/owner Dan Patrick, and an assistant managing editor at the Chronicle, who defended his reporter's story. The incident prompted Patrick to join the call for a boycott of the paper.[16] The story was also picked up by the local Houston television stations and, a week later, the O'Reilly Factor. The issue cooled down when Chronicle publisher Jack Sweeney contacted the Sandoval family to apologize.[17] Dan Patrick, born Dannie Goeb, is a former newscaster, author, and conservative radio talk show host on KSEV 700 AM in Houston, Texas. ... A boycott is an action undertaken to abstain from using, buying, or dealing with someone or some organisation as an expression of protest or as a means of coercion. ... The OReilly Factor is a show on FOX News hosted by Bill OReilly that discusses political and social issues of the day, with both conservative and liberal guests. ...


Patrick and Bill O'Reilly have both been involved in subsequent disputes with the Chronicle over alleged biases and writings pertaining to each other. [18] In 2005 O'Reilly and editorial page editor James Howard Gibbons became involved in a heated exchange carried out over their respective media outlets involving a Chronicle editorial that, according to O'Reilly, seemingly advocated softer treatment for convicted child sex offenders. [19] The Chronicle responded to O'Reilly by editorializing against the host and accusing him of misrepresenting their position and misquoting a segment of the editorial. O'Reilly retracted the erronious quotation but reiterated his criticism by quoting the correct editorial, which criticized Florida's Jessica Lunsford Act, espoused rehabilitation for sex offenders, and argued that "counseling reduces recidivism". The incident also prompted O'Reilly to host a segment on liberal bias at the Houston Chronicle on his March 12 television broadcast, featuring criticisms of the paper by Patrick.[20] Bill OReilly William James Bill OReilly, Jr. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term child sexual abuse (CSA) is commonly defined in contemporary western culture as any sexual acts engaged in by minors and adults. ... Resolution 1505 of the United States House of Representatives, better known as the Jessica Lunsford Act is a bill to mandate national reforms in the tracking of released sex offenders. ... A sex offender is a person who has been criminally charged and convicted of a sexual offense, or has plead guilty but not convicted. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques believed to cure or to help solve behavioral and other psychological problems in humans. ... Recidivism is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior, or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior. ... Liberal bias is a common phrase used in American political discourse to express the view that the American media generally has a liberal bias. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ...


Planned Parenthood contributions

The newspaper's objectivity on the issue of abortion has also been called into question following revelations that the Chronicle makes several annual contributions to women's reproductive health and abortion services provider Planned Parenthood. According to an investigation by the Houston Review, an "independent, conservative, student-run journal of news and opinion", the Chronicle donated between $6,000 - $12,000 to Planned Parenthood over the period 1994 to 1998. One of its executives, Richard J. V. Johnson (together with his wife), has also donated between $5,000 and $15,000 over the period 1992 to 1998.[21] The Chronicle additionally donated between $1,000 and $5,000 to Planned Parenthood in 2002 and is a member of the organization's employee donations program that matches dollar amounts contributed to the group by the paper's employees. [22]. Planned Parenthoods Logo Planned Parenthood[1] is the name of several federations of health clinics that are spread out across the world, (the International Planned Parenthood Federation, various regional federations, as well as country-specific ones) focusing on issues related to reproductive rights. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


Such donations typically occur in the form of buying tables for Planned Parenthood luncheons and similar events.


According to the Texas Alliance for Life's Dr. Joe Pojman, this activity "calls into question the Chronicle’s professional objectivity when reporting on the abortion issue." The Texas Foundation for Life, another pro-life organization, has accused the paper of taking an excessively strong pro-abortion position in its editorials. The organization also contends that the paper has misrepresented the effects of legislation that removes state funding for abortion providers by relying heavily on Planned Parenthood sources for its articles. [23]


The paper's support for Planned Parenthood has also been cited by KSEV radio and the Republican Party as a reason for their boycotts.


Purchase of Houston Post assets

In 1995, the Houston Post ceased operations, leaving the Chronicle as Houston's only major daily newspaper, and the Hearst Corporation purchased some of the Post's assets. Houston Chronicle announced it in a way that suggested the shutdown and Hearst's purchase of the Post's assets were simultaneous events. "Post closes; Hearst buys assets," the Chronicle headline read the day after the Post was shut. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Internal memos obtained from by FOIA from the Justice Department antitrust attorneys who investigated the closing of the Houston Post said the Chronicle's parent orgnaization struck a deal to buy the Post six months before it closed. The memos, first obtained by the alternative paper the Houston Press, say the Chronicle's conglomerate and the Post "reached an agreement in October, 1994, for the sale of Houston Post Co.'s assets for approximately $120 million." [24] The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans. ... Antitrust or competition laws are laws which seek to promote economic and business competition by prohibiting anti-competitive behavior and unfair business practices. ...


No anti-trust charges have been filed against the Houston Chronicle, the Houston Post or against the Hearst corporation.


Robert Jensen and September 11, 2001 controversy

In the weeks following the September 11, 2001 attacks the Houston Chronicle published a series of opinion articles by University of Texas journalism professor Robert Jensen that asserted the United States was "just as guilty" as the hijackers in committing acts of violence and compared that attack with the history of U.S. attacks on civilians in other countries. According to an article of Jensen's published by the Chronicle three days after the attacks. The resulting explosion after the crash of United Airlines Flight 175 into the South Tower. ... The University of Texas at Austin, often called UT or Texas, is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System. ... Robert William Jensen (born July 14, 1958) is a professor of journalism at the University of Texas at Austin. ...

"For more than five decades throughout the Third World, the United States has deliberately targeted civilians or engaged in violence so indiscriminate that there is no other way to understand it except as terrorism."

In a follow up article Jensen continued, asserting "my anger is directed not only at individuals who engineered the Sept. 11 tragedy, but at those who have held power in the United States and have engineered attacks on civilians every bit as tragic." He goes on to warn of more civilian deaths that may follow retaliation, "let us not forget that a 'massive response' will kill people, and if the pattern of past U.S. actions holds, it will kill innocents." [25] For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Collateral damage refers to unintended damage amidst intended damage. ...


The opinion piece resulted in hundreds of angry letters to the editor and reportedly over 4,000 angry responses to Jensen.[26] Among them were claims of insensitivity against the newspaper and of giving an unduly large audience to a position characterized as being extremist. University of Texas president Larry Faulkner issued a response denouncing Jenson's as "a fountain of undiluted foolishness on issues of public policy", noting "[h]e is not speaking in the University's name and may not speak in its name." [27] Larry Faulkner presenting at the May 10, 2004 Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board meeting. ...


Despite the public backlash, the Chronicle printed four subsequent opinion articles by Jensen, asserting his case. Jensen is also a regular guest writer on the opinion page and has published several dozen opinion articles on other subjects in the Chronicle.


Tom DeLay poll

In January 2006 the Chronicle hired Dr. Richard Murray of the University of Houston to conduct an election survey in the district of U.S. Rep. Tom DeLay, in light of his 2005 indictment by District Attorney Ronnie Earle for alleged campaign money violations. The Chronicle claimed that its poll showed "severely eroded support for U.S. Rep Tom DeLay in his district, most notably among Republicans who have voted for him before."[28] Richard Murray is the Charlton Athletic Football Club Chairman. ... The University of Houston, often called U of H or UH, is a comprehensive doctoral degree-granting university[1] located in Houston, Texas. ... Thomas Dale DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a congressman from Sugar Land, Texas, a former House Majority Leader, and a prominent member of the Republican Party who recently announced he would soon resign his seat. ... Ronnie Earle Ronald Dale Ronnie Earle (born February 23, 1942) is the district attorney for Travis County, Texas. ...


Almost immediately, supporters of DeLay began to argue that Murray's poll had severe methodological flaws and was designed to be biased against DeLay. Dr. David Hill, a pollster who writes for The Hill newspaper, questioned the poll's accuracy. According to Hill the poll by Murray had an unusually small sample of participants. This gave the poll a margin of error of plus/minus 9 percentage points, which is more than twice the error margin of most election surveys.[29] . The Hill is a mostly Italian-American neighborhood within Saint Louis, Missouri, located on high ground south of the River des Peres and Interstate 44. ...


Former Texas Secretary of State Jack Rains contacted the Chronicle's James Howard Gibbons, alleging that the poll appeared to incorrectly count non-Republican Primary voters in its sample. Rains also pointed out that Dr. Murray had a conflict of interest in the poll. Murray's son Keir Murray is a Democratic political consultant who works for Nick Lampson, DeLay's Democratic challenger in 2006.[30] In response, Gibbons denied the methodological flaws in the poll and stated: Nicholas V. Lampson (born February 14, 1945) is an American politician from the state of Texas. ...

If you object to the potential for conflict between Murray pere et fils, what must you think of Rep. DeLay, who allowed his wife and daughter to be hired by PACs and lobbying firms?[31]

KSEV Talk Show Host Edd Hendee contacted Dr. Murray directly and accused him of manufacturing the poll to "demonstrate political vulnerability of DeLay" and of having a conflict of interest due to his son's employer. Hendee also pointed out that Keir Murray, who works for Lampson, is one of the 3 board members (along with his father) in the University of Houston polling group that designed the survey.[32] Murray's responses, if any, have not been made public.


See also

The Houston Press is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Houston, Texas. ...

External links

Official sites

  • The Houston Chronicle

Links critical of the Chronicle

  • Chronically Biased - Archives of a (no-longer published) anti-Chronicle weblog
  • Lone Star Times - weblog launched by Dan Patrick
  • Texas Media Watch - media watchdog group (archived)
  • blogHOUSTON - Houston media and politics weblog

  Results from FactBites:
 
Houston Chronicle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3241 words)
The Houston Chronicle was founded in 1901 by a former reporter for the now-defunct Houston Post, Marcellus E. Foster.
In early 2004 the Chronicle was accused of bias and adding to the family's grief regarding its coverage of the death of Leroy Sandoval, a soldier from Houston who was killed in Iraq.
Houston Chronicle announced it in a way that suggested the shutdown and Hearst's purchase of the Post's assets were simultaneous events.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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