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Encyclopedia > Houston, Texas
City of Houston
Flag of City of Houston
Flag
Official seal of City of Houston
Seal
Nickname: Space City
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278, -95.38306
Country United States of America
State Texas
Counties Harris
Fort Bend
Montgomery
Incorporated June 5, 1837
Government
 - Mayor Bill White
Area
 - City 601.7 sq mi (1,558 km²)
 - Land 579.4 sq mi (1,501 km²)
 - Water 22.3 sq mi (57.7 km²)
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2006)[1][2]
 - City 2,144,491 (4th)
 - Density 3,701/sq mi (1,429/km²)
 - Urban 3,822,509
 - Metro 5,628,101 (6th Largest)
 - Demonym Houstonian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 713, 281, 832
FIPS code 48-35000[3]
GNIS feature ID 1380948[4]
Website: houstontx.gov

Houston (pronounced /ˈhjuːstən/) is the fourth-largest city in the United States of America and the largest city within the state of Texas. As of the 2006 U.S. Census estimate, the city has a population of 2.14 million within an area of 600 square miles (1,600 km²). Houston is the seat of Harris County and an economic center of the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area—the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the U.S. with a population of around 5.6 million. Houston can refer to: // Houston, Texas, United States of America Houston, Scotland, in Renfrewshire is the original Houston Houston, British Columbia, Canada Houston, Alabama, United States of America Houston, Alaska, United States of America Houston, Arkansas, United States of America Houston, Delaware, United States of America Houston, Florida, United States... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Houston,_Texas. ... The Flag of Houston, Texas The flag of Houston, Texas consists of a white five-pointed star on a blue backgroung with the city seal in the star. ... Image File history File links Seal_of_Houston,_Texas. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links HoustoninTexas2. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Index: Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Anderson County formed in 1846 from part of Houston County. ... Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... Fort Bend County is a county located along the Gulf Coast region in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown Metropolitan Area. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... This is a list of people who have served as mayor of the city of Houston, Texas. ... Bill White William Bill Howard White (born June 16, 1954) is the current mayor of the city of Houston, Texas (January 2, 2004 - present). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... North American telephone area codes 281, 713 and 832 are state of Texas area codes which serve the Houston area. ... North American telephone area codes 281, 713 and 832 are state of Texas area codes which serve the Houston area. ... North American telephone area codes 281, 713 and 832 are state of Texas area codes which serve the Houston area. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ...


Houston was founded on August 30, 1836 by brothers Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen on land near the banks of Buffalo Bayou. The city was incorporated on June 5, 1837 and named after then-President of the Republic of Texas—former General Sam Houston—who had commanded at the Battle of San Jacinto, which took place 25 miles (40 km) east of where the city was established. The burgeoning port and railroad industry, combined with oil discovery in 1901, has induced continual surges in the city's population. In the mid-twentieth century, Houston became the home of the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where Mission Control Center is located. Augustus Chapman Allen is one of the two Allen Brothers who founded the City of Houston, Texas. ... For other persons named John Allen, see John Allen (disambiguation). ... Map of the Buffalo Bayou and associated watershed Buffalo Bayou at this location, just south of San Felipe Dr. Buffalo Bayou is a main waterway flowing through Houston, Texas, USA. It begins on the west side of the city and flows east to the Houston Ship Channel. ... For the latter day independence movement surrounding Texas, see Republic of Texas (group). ... Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... Combatants Mexico Republic of Texas Commanders Antonio López de Santa Anna{POW} Manuel Fernandez Castrillon† Juan Almonte{POW} Sam Houston{wounded} Strength about 1,400 800 Casualties 630 killed, 208 wounded, 730 captured 9 killed, 26 wounded For other battles of the same name, see San Jacinto. ... Texas Medical Center The Texas Medical Center, with more than five million patient visits annually and one of the highest densities of clinical facilities and basic science and translational research of any location, is the largest medical district in the world. ... An aerial view of the Johnson Space Center facility of Houston in 1989 The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations center for human spaceflight activities. ... Mission Control Center (MCC) is a unit that manages aerospace flights. ...


Houston's economy has a broad industrial base in the energy, manufacturing, aeronautics, and technology; only New York City is home to more Fortune 500 headquarters. Commercially, Houston is ranked as a world city, and the area is a leading center for building oilfield equipment. The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled and second in total cargo tonnage handled.[5] The city has a multicultural population with a large and growing international community. It is home to many cultural institutions and exhibits—attracting more than 7 million visitors a year to the Houston Museum District. Houston has an active visual and performing arts scene in the Theater District and is one of five U.S. cities that offer year-round resident companies in all major performing arts.[6] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... “World city” redirects here. ... The Port of Houston The Port of Houston is the port of Houston, Texas, the fourth-largest city in the United States. ... The Houston Museum District is an area of Houston, Texas. ... The Alley Theatre The Houston Theater District, a 17-block area in the heart of Downtown Houston, is home to Houstons nine world-class performing arts organizations, the 130,000 square-foot Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas and parks. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Houston
See also: Historical events of Houston

In August 1836, John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York City, purchased 6,642 acres (27 km²) of land along Buffalo Bayou with the intent of founding a city.[7] The Allen brothers decided to name the city after Sam Houston, the popular general of the Texans at the Battle of San Jacinto,[7] who was elected President in September 1836. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Timeline of historical events of Houston, Texas, USA: 1836 - The Allen Brothers, John Kirby, and Augustus Chapman co-founded Houston. ... PD image from http://www. ... PD image from http://www. ... Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... For other persons named John Allen, see John Allen (disambiguation). ... Augustus Chapman Allen is one of the two Allen Brothers who founded the City of Houston, Texas. ... Map of the Buffalo Bayou and associated watershed Buffalo Bayou at this location, just south of San Felipe Dr. Buffalo Bayou is a main waterway flowing through Houston, Texas, USA. It begins on the west side of the city and flows east to the Houston Ship Channel. ... Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... Combatants Mexico Republic of Texas Commanders Antonio López de Santa Anna{POW} Manuel Fernandez Castrillon† Juan Almonte{POW} Sam Houston{wounded} Strength about 1,400 800 Casualties 630 killed, 208 wounded, 730 captured 9 killed, 26 wounded For other battles of the same name, see San Jacinto. ... Categories: Texas history | Texas politicians | People from Texas ...


Houston was granted incorporation on June 5, 1837, with James S. Holman becoming its first mayor.[8] In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County (now Harris County) and the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas.[9] In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce in part to promote shipping and waterborne business at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou.[10] James Sanders Holman (1804–1867) became the first mayor of Houston, Texas in 1837. ... For the latter day independence movement surrounding Texas, see Republic of Texas (group). ...

Houston, circa 1873
Houston, circa 1873

By 1860, Houston had emerged as a commercial and railroad hub for the export of cotton.[9] Railroad spurs from the Texas inland converged in Houston, where they met rail lines to the ports of Galveston and Beaumont. During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Bankhead Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston.[11] After the Civil War, Houston businessmen initiated efforts to widen the city's extensive system of bayous so the city could accept more commerce between downtown and the nearby port of Galveston. By 1890 Houston was the railroad center of Texas. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 771 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (9255 × 7194 pixel, file size: 17. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 771 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (9255 × 7194 pixel, file size: 17. ... Galveston redirects here. ... Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Counties Settled 1835 Incorporation 1838 Gentilic Beaumonter Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Becky Ames  - City Manager Kyle Hayes  - Mayor Pro - Tem Nancy Beaulieu Area  - City 222. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... John B. Magruder John Bankhead Magruder (May 1, 1807 – February 19, 1871) was a U.S. Army officer in the Mexican War, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... The Battle of Galveston occurred on January 1, 1863 when Confederate forces under Gen. ...


In 1900, after Galveston was struck by a devastating hurricane, efforts to make Houston into a viable deepwater port were accelerated.[12] The following year, oil discovered at the Spindletop oil field near Beaumont prompted the development of the Texas petroleum industry.[13] In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt approved a $1 million improvement project for the Houston Ship Channel. By 1910 the city's population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before. An integral part of the city were African Americans, who numbered 23,929 or nearly one-third of the residents.[14] They were developing a strong professional class based then in the Fourth Ward. Lowest pressure 936 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Spindletop is a salt dome oil field located in south Beaumont, Texas (approx. ... Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ...


President Woodrow Wilson opened the deepwater Port of Houston in 1914, seven years after digging began. By 1930, Houston had become Texas's most populous city and Harris the most populous county.[15] Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856—February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ...

When World War II started, tonnage levels at the port decreased and shipping activities were suspended; however, the war did provide economic benefits for the city. Petrochemical refineries and manufacturing plants were constructed along the ship channel because of the demand for petroleum and synthetic rubber products during the war.[16] Ellington Field, initially built during World War I, was revitalized as an advanced training center for bombardiers and navigators.[17] The M. D. Anderson Foundation formed the Texas Medical Center in 1945. After the war, Houston's economy reverted to being primarily port-driven. In 1948, several unincorporated areas were annexed into the city limits, which more than doubled the city's size, and Houston proper began to spread across the region.[8][18] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1001 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1001 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Port of Houston is the port of Houston, Texas, the fourth largest city in the United States. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... NASAs fleet of T-38 Talons sitting on the flightline at Ellington. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Texas Medical Center The Texas Medical Center, with more than five million patient visits annually and one of the highest densities of clinical facilities and basic science and translational research of any location, is the largest medical district in the world. ...


In 1950, the availability of air conditioning provided impetus for many companies to relocate to Houston resulting in an economic boom and producing a key shift in the city's economy toward the energy sector.[19][20]

The space shuttle, atop its Boeing 747 SCA, flying over Johnson Space Center
The space shuttle, atop its Boeing 747 SCA, flying over Johnson Space Center

The increased production of the local shipbuilding industry during World War II spurred Houston's growth,[21] as did the establishment in 1961 of NASA's "Manned Spacecraft Center" (renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in 1973), which created the city's aerospace industry. The Astrodome, nicknamed the "Eighth Wonder of the World,"[22] opened in 1965 as the world's first indoor domed sports stadium. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 3000 pixel, file size: 9 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Smaller versions: Image:Shuttleoverjsc. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 3000 pixel, file size: 9 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Smaller versions: Image:Shuttleoverjsc. ... Atlantis transported by a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft Schematic 3-view The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) are two extensively modified Boeing 747 jetliners that NASA uses to transport a space shuttle orbiter. ... An aerial view of the complete Johnson Space Center facility in Houston, Texas in 1989. ... An aerial view of the Johnson Space Center facility of Houston in 1989 The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations center for human spaceflight activities. ... Reliant Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium, the first of its kind, located in Houston, Texas. ... Eighth Wonder of the World is a term sometimes used to describe things in comparison to the Seven Wonders of the World, the widely-known list of seven remarkable constructions of classical antiquity. ...


During the late 1970s, Houston experienced a population boom as people from Rust Belt states moved to Texas in large numbers.[23] The new residents came for the numerous employment opportunities in the petroleum industry, created as a result of the Arab Oil Embargo. Manufacturing Belt, highlighted in red The Rust Belt, a term coined from Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States of America. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum...


The population boom ended abruptly in the mid-1980s, as oil prices fell precipitously. The space industry also suffered in 1986 after the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after launch. The late 1980s saw a recession affect the city's economy. For further information about Challengers mission and crew, see STS-51-L. The iconic image of Space Shuttle Challengers smoke plume after its breakup 73 seconds after launch. ...


Since the 1990s, as a result of the recession, Houston has made efforts to diversify its economy by focusing on aerospace and biotechnology and by reducing its dependence on the petroleum industry. In 1997, Houstonians elected Lee P. Brown as the city's first African American mayor.[24] This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Hurricane Rita evacuation

In June 2001, Tropical Storm Allison dumped up to 37 inches (940 mm) of rain on parts of Houston, causing the worst flooding in the city's history; the storm cost billions of dollars in damage and killed 20 people in Texas.[25] Many neighborhoods and communities have changed since the storm. By December of that same year, Houston-based energy company Enron collapsed into the second-largest ever U.S. bankruptcy during an investigation surrounding fabricated partnerships that were allegedly used to hide debt and inflate profits. Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most... 2 B C D E F G 9 H I J K L M N O Categories: | | | | | | | ... Enron Creditors Recovery Corporation (formerly Enron Corporation) (former NYSE ticker symbol: ENE) was an American energy company based in Houston, Texas. ...


In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina.[26] One month later, approximately 2.5 million Houston area residents evacuated when Hurricane Rita approached the Gulf Coast, leaving little damage to the Houston area. This event marked the largest urban evacuation in the history of the United States.[27][28] New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most... States that border the Gulf of Mexico are shown in red The Gulf Coast region of the United States comprises the coasts of states which border the Gulf of Mexico. ...


Geography

Main article: Geography of Houston
A simulated-color image of Houston
A simulated-color image of Houston

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 601.7 square miles (1,558.4 km²); this comprises 579.4 square miles (1,500.7 km²) of land and 22.3 square miles (57.7 km²) of water. A simulated-color image of Houston taken on NASAs Landsat 7 satellite with Galveston Bay and Galveston Island visible in the picture According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 601. ... Download high resolution version (978x845, 179 KB)Larger Houston Landsat From http://landsat. ... Download high resolution version (978x845, 179 KB)Larger Houston Landsat From http://landsat. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


Most of Houston is located on the gulf coastal plain, and its vegetation is classified as temperate grassland and forest. Much of the city was built on forested land, marshes, swamp, or prairie, which are all still visible in surrounding areas. Flatness of the local terrain, when combined with urban sprawl, has made flooding a recurring problem for the city.[29] Downtown stands about 50 feet (15 m) above sea level,[30] and the highest point in far northwest Houston is about 125 feet (38 m) in elevation.[31][32] The city once relied on groundwater for its needs, but land subsidence forced the city to turn to ground-level water sources such as Lake Houston and Lake Conroe.[33][8] The Western Gulf coastal grasslands are a subtropical grassland ecoregion of the southern United States and northeastern Mexico. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ... A road destroyed by subsidence and shear. ... Lake Houston is a man-made lake located northeast of Houston, Texas. ... Lake Conroe is a 21,000 acre (85 km²) lake in Conroe, Texas. ...


Houston has four major bayous passing through the city. Buffalo Bayou runs through downtown and the Houston Ship Channel, and has three tributaries: White Oak Bayou, which runs through the Heights neighborhood and towards downtown; Braes Bayou, which runs along the Texas Medical Center; and Sims Bayou, which runs through the south of Houston and downtown Houston. The ship channel continues past Galveston and then into the Gulf of Mexico. Big Cypress Bayou in Jefferson, Texas off of U.S. Route 59. ... Map of the Buffalo Bayou and associated watershed Buffalo Bayou at this location, just south of San Felipe Dr. Buffalo Bayou is a main waterway flowing through Houston, Texas, USA. It begins on the west side of the city and flows east to the Houston Ship Channel. ... The Port of Houston is the port of Houston, Texas, the fourth largest city in the United States. ... White Oak Bayou and Buffalo Bayou at Allens Landing. ... Houston Heights, often nicknamed The Heights, is a neighborhood in Houston, Texas. ... Texas Medical Center The Texas Medical Center, with more than five million patient visits annually and one of the highest densities of clinical facilities and basic science and translational research of any location, is the largest medical district in the world. ... Galveston redirects here. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Geology

Underpinning Houston's land surface are unconsolidated clays, clay shales, and poorly-cemented sands up to several miles deep. The region's geology developed from river deposits formed from the erosion of the Rocky Mountains. These sediments consist of a series of sands and clays deposited on decaying organic matter that, over time, transformed into oil and natural gas. Beneath the layers of sediment is a water-deposited layer of halite, a rock salt. The porous layers were compressed over time and forced upward. As it pushed upward, the salt dragged surrounding sediments into salt dome formations, often trapping oil and gas that seeped from the surrounding porous sands. The thick, rich, sometimes black, surface soil is suitable for rice farming in suburban outskirts where the city continues to grow.[34][35] Consolidation is a process by which soils decrease in volume. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... For Halite Bittorrent client , see Halite Client. ... A salt dome is formed when a thick bed of evaporite minerals (mainly salt, or halite) found at depth intrudes vertically into surrounding rock strata, forming a diapir. ...


The Houston area has over 150 active faults (estimated to be 300 active faults)[36] with an aggregate length of up to 310 miles (500 km)[37][38], including the Long Point-Eureka Heights Fault System which runs through the center of the city. There have been no significant historically-recorded earthquakes in Houston, but researchers do not discount the possibility of such quakes occurring in the deeper past, nor in the future. Land in some communities southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out from the ground for many years and may be associated with slip along faults. However, the slippage is slow and not considered an earthquake where stationary faults must slip suddenly enough to create seismic waves.[39] These faults also tend to move at a smooth rate in what is termed "fault creep,"[33] which further reduces the risk of an earthquake. Geologic faults, fault lines or simply faults are planar rock fractures, which show evidence of relative movement. ... In geology, aseismic creep is measurable surface displacement along a fault in the absence of notable earthquakes. ...


Climate

Main article: Climate of Houston

Houston's climate is classified as humid subtropical (Cfa in Köppen climate classification system). Spring supercell thunderstorms sometimes bring tornadoes to the area. Prevailing winds are from the south and southwest during most of the year, bringing heat across the continent from the deserts of Mexico and moisture from the Gulf of Mexico. The 500-year flood from Tropical Storm Allison The Climate of Houston is classified as humid subtropical. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Allens Landing park Merger of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou Allens Landing is the name of the site where brothers John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen, the founders of Houston, Texas, first landed in Houston on January 26, 1837. ... 2 B C D E F G 9 H I J K L M N O Categories: | | | | | | | ... The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map[1] The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Satellite view of a supercell A supercell is a severe thunderstorm with a deep rotating updraft (a mesocyclone) [1]. Supercell thunderstorms are the largest, most severe class of single-cell thunderstorms. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


During the summer months, it is common for the temperature to reach over 90 °F (32 °C), with an average of 99 days per year above 90 °F (32 °C).[40][41] However, the humidity results in a heat index higher than the actual temperature. Summer mornings average over 90 percent relative humidity and approximately 60 percent in the afternoon.[42] Winds are often light in the summer and offer little relief, except near the immediate coast.[43] To cope with the heat, people use air conditioning in nearly every vehicle and building in the city; in fact, in 1980 Houston was described as the "most air-conditioned place on earth".[44] Scattered afternoon thunderstorms are common in the summer. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Houston was 109 °F (43 °C) on September 4, 2000.[45] The heat index (HI) or humidex is an index that combines air temperature and relative humidity to determine an apparent temperature — how hot it actually feels. ... A hygrometer used to measure the humidity of air. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Winters in Houston are fairly temperate. The average high in January, the coldest month, is 63 °F (17 °C), while the average low is 45 °F (7 °C). Snowfall is generally rare. The last snowstorm to hit Houston was on December 24, 2004. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Houston was 5 °F (−15 °C) on January 23, 1940.[46] Houston receives a high amount of rainfall annually, averaging about 54 inches a year. These rains tend to cause floods over portions of the city. The 2004 Christmas Eve Snowstorm was an extremely rare weather event that took place in Louisiana and Texas in the United States on December 24, 2004. ... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Houston has excessive ozone levels and is ranked among the most ozone-polluted cities in the United States.[47] Ground-level ozone, or smog, is Houston’s predominant air pollution problem, with the American Lung Association rating the metropolitan area's ozone level as the 6th worst in the United States in 2006.[48] The industries located along the ship channel are a major cause of the city's air pollution.[49] For other uses, see Ozone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Smog (disambiguation). ...

Weather averages for Houston
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84 (29) 91 (33) 96 (36) 95 (35) 99 (37) 103 (39) 105 (41) 107 (42) 109 (43) 97 (36) 90 (32) 85 (29) 109 (43)
Average high °F (°C) 62 (17) 67 (19) 73 (23) 79 (26) 86 (30) 91 (33) 94 (34) 94 (34) 89 (32) 82 (28) 72 (22) 65 (18) 79 (26)
Average low °F (°C) 41 (5) 44 (7) 51 (11) 58 (14) 66 (19) 72 (22) 74 (23) 73 (23) 68 (20) 59 (15) 50 (10) 43 (6) 58 (14)
Record low °F (°C) 5 (-15) 14 (-10) 22 (-6) 31 (-1) 44 (7) 50 (10) 62 (17) 60 (16) 46 (8) 29 (-2) 19 (-7) 7 (-14) 5 (-15)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.7 (94) 3.0 (76.2) 3.4 (86.4) 3.6 (91.4) 5.2 (132.1) 5.4 (137.2) 3.2 (81.3) 3.8 (96.5) 4.3 (109.2) 4.5 (114.3) 4.2 (106.7) 3.7 (94) 47.8 (1,214.1)
Source: weather.com[50] Feb 2008

Cityscape

Further information: Geographic areas of Houston

Houston was incorporated in 1837 under the ward system of representation. The ward designation is the progenitor of the nine current-day Houston City Council districts. Locations in Houston are generally classified as either being inside or outside the Interstate 610 Loop. The inside encompasses the central business district and many residential neighborhoods that predate World War II. More recently, high-density residential areas have been developed within the loop. The city's outlying areas, suburbs and enclaves are located outside of the loop. Beltway 8 encircles the city another 5 miles (8 km) farther out. Houston Skyline from Eleanor Tinsley Park Locations in Houston, Texas are generally classified as either being inside or outside Interstate 610, known as the 610 Loop. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... Interstate 610 (abbreviated I-610 or in Texas IH-610) is a freeway that forms a loop around the city of Houston, Texas. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... Texas State Highway Beltway 8 or BW8, also Sam Houston Parkway and Sam Houston Tollway, is a Texas state highway located in Houston. ...

Houston is the largest city in the United States without zoning regulations. However, Houston has developed in a manner similar to other cities throughout the sunbelt[51], and legal covenants are widely employed to play a role largely equivalent to zoning, [52] but with less democratic oversight. Houston's other urban planning shortcomings are often conflated with the lack of zoning.[53] Voters rejected efforts to have separate residential and commercial land-use districts in 1948, 1962, and 1993. Rather than a single central business district as the center of the city's employment, multiple districts have grown throughout the city in addition to downtown which include the East End, Uptown, Texas Medical Center, Midtown, the Energy Corridor, Greenway Plaza, Westchase, and Greenspoint. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 198 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 254 pixels, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 198 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 254 pixels, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Uptown Houston Uptown Houston, or the Uptown District, is mainly centered around the the Galleria, the largest and most prestigious shopping mall in Houston. ... Skyline District of Downtown Downtown Houston is Houstons largest business district. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... Categories: Stub | Belt regions of the United States ... A covenant, in its most general sense, is a solemn promise to do or not do something specified. ... Skyline District of Downtown Downtown Houston is Houstons largest business district. ... The East End is a region in eastern Houston, Texas, located between the eastern edge of downtown to the Port of Houston and south to Hobby Airport. ... Uptown Houston Uptown Houston, or the Uptown District, is mainly centered around the the Galleria, the largest and most prestigious shopping mall in Houston. ... Texas Medical Center The Texas Medical Center, with more than five million patient visits annually and one of the highest densities of clinical facilities and basic science and translational research of any location, is the largest medical district in the world. ... Street signs in Midtown Houston are distinct from the plain green signs seen in most of Houston Another example of a Midtown street sign Midtown Houston is a district southwest of Downtown Houston, Texas, bordered by the Montrose area and U.S. Highway 59. ... The Energy Corridor is a district of Houston, Texas that lies along Memorial Drive and Eldridge Parkway. ... Greenway Plaza A typical street sign in Greenway Plaza Greenway Plaza is a master-planned mixed-use development off of U.S. Highway 59 in Houston, Texas, five miles (8 kilometers) west of Downtown Houston and three miles (5 kilometers) east of Uptown Houston. ... A street sign indicating Westchase For the community near Tampa , see Westchase, Florida. ... The Greater Greenspoint District—known as the downtown of Houstons north side—is a 12-square-mile area bordered by the Hardy Toll Road to the east, Airtex to the north, Veterans Memorial to the west, and West Road to the south. ...


Government and politics

Main article: Politics of Houston
See also: Sister cities of Houston

The city of Houston has a strong mayoral form of municipal government.[54] Houston is a home rule city and all municipal elections in the state of Texas are nonpartisan.[54][55] The City's elected officials are the mayor, city controller and 14 members of the city council.[56] As of 2007, the mayor of Houston is William "Bill" White, a Democrat elected on a nonpartisan ballot[57] who is serving his third term and final term (due to term limits). Houston's mayor serves as the city's chief administrator, executive officer, and official representative. He is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced.[57] As the result of a 1991 referendum in Houston, a mayor is elected for a two-year term, and can be elected to as many as three consecutive terms. Bill White, mayor of Houston as of 2006 Founded in 1836 and incorporated in 1837, Houston is one of the fastest growing major cities in the United States and the largest without zoning laws. ... Houston has 16 sister cities[1] designated by Sister Cities International—a nonprofit citizen diplomacy network creating and strengthening partnerships between U.S. and international communities in an effort to increase global cooperation at the municipal level, to promote cultural understanding, and to stimulate economic development. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Look up Devolution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In U.S. politics, nonpartisan denotes an election in which the candidates do not declare or do not formally have a political party affiliation. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Look up comptroller in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Bill White William Bill Howard White (born June 16, 1954) is the current mayor of the city of Houston, Texas (January 2, 2004 - present). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... In U.S. politics, nonpartisan denotes an election in which the candidates do not declare or do not formally have a political party affiliation. ... A term limit is a provision of a constitution, statute, or bylaw which limits the number of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office. ... A local ordinance is a law usually found in a municipal code. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


The current city council line-up of nine district based and five at large positions was based on a U.S. Justice Department mandate which took effect in 1979.[58] At-large council members represent the entire city.[56] Under the current city charter, if the population in the city limits goes past 2.1 million residents, the current nine-member city council districts will be expanded with the addition of two city council districts.[59] A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ...


Criminal Law is enforced by the Houston Police Department. Houston's murder rate ranked 18th of U.S. cities with a population over 250,000 in 2005.[60] While nonviolent crime in the city dropped by 2 percent in 2005 compared to 2004, the number of homicides rose by 23.5 percent.[61] Since 2005, Houston has been experiencing a spike in crime, which is due in part to an influx of people from New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina.[62] After Katrina, Houston's murder rate increased 70 percent in November and December 2005 compared to levels in 2004. The city recorded 336 murders in 2005,[61] compared to 272 in 2004.[63] A typical Houston Police Department cruiser The Houston Police Department (HPD) is the primary law enforcement agency serving the City of Houston, Texas, United States. ... Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ...


Houston's homicide rate per 100,000 residents increased from 16.33 in 2005 to 17.24 in 2006.[64] The number of murders in the city increased to 379 in 2006.[61] In 1996, there were about 380 gangs with 8,000 members; of which 2,500 were juveniles.[65]


Economy

Main article: Economy of Houston
Further information: List of companies in Houston
Data from citydata.com
Data from citydata.com[66]

Houston is recognized worldwide for its energy industry — particularly for oil and natural gas — as well as for biomedical research and aeronautics. The ship channel is also a large part of Houston's economic base. Because of these strengths, Houston is designated as a gamma world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network.[67] The Port of Houston Houstons energy industry is a world powerhouse (particularly oil), but biomedical research, aeronautics, and the ship channel are also large parts of the citys industrial base. ... This is an incomplete list of major companies headquartered in Houston, Texas and the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Health Sciences are the group of disciplines of applied science dealing with human and animal health. ... “World city” redirects here. ...


Four of the six supermajor energy companies maintain a large base of operations in Houston. The headquarters of Shell Oil Company, the US affiliate of Royal Dutch Shell, is located at One Shell Plaza. While ExxonMobil maintains its global headquarters in Irving, Texas, its upstream and chemical divisions are located in Houston. Chevron has offices in Houston, having acquired a 40 story building intended to be the headquarters of Enron.[68] The company's Chevron Pipe Line Company subsidiary is headquartered in Houston.[69]Lastly, the international headquarters of ConocoPhillips is also located in Houston. The term supermajor illustrates the six largest energy companies, as seen in popular financial mediums around the world. ... The Shell emblem known as the Pecten Shell Oil Company (SOC) is the Houston, Texas based wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell. ... Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Exon (disambiguation). ... Mustangs at Las Colinas Streetscape along Las Colinas Blvd in North Irving Aerial shot of Irving/Las Colinass Urban Center. ... The term upstream has several possible meanings: In geography, upstream means literally towards the source of a stream or river, against the normal direction of water flow. ... ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) is an international energy company with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. ...


The area is a leading center for building oilfield equipment.[70] Much of Houston's success as a petrochemical complex is due to its busy man-made ship channel, the Port of Houston.[71] The port ranks first in the United States in international commerce, and is the tenth-largest port in the world.[5][72] Unlike most places, where high oil and gasoline prices are seen as harmful to the economy, they are generally seen as beneficial for Houston as many are employed in the energy industry.[73] Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... The Port of Houston The Port of Houston is the port of Houston, Texas, the fourth-largest city in the United States. ... Petro redirects here. ... Petrol redirects here. ...


The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown MSA's Gross Area Product (GAP) in 2006 was $325.5 billion,[74] slightly larger than Austria’s, Poland’s or Saudi Arabia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). When comparing Houston's economy to a national economy, only 21 countries other than the United States have a gross domestic product exceeding Houston's regional gross area product.[75] Mining, which in Houston is almost entirely exploration and production of oil and gas, accounts for 11% of Houston's GAP; this is down from 21% in 1985. The reduced role of oil and gas in Houston's GAP reflects the rapid growth of other sectors, such as engineering services, health services, and manufacturing.[76] GDP redirects here. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ...


Houston ranks second in employment growth rate and fourth in nominal employment growth among the 10 most populous metro areas in the U.S.[77]


In 2006, the Houston metropolitan area ranked first in Texas and third in the U.S. within the category of "Best Places for Business and Careers" by Forbes magazine.[78] Forty foreign governments maintain trade and commercial offices here and the city has 23 active foreign chambers of commerce and trade associations.[79] Twenty foreign banks representing 10 nations operate in Houston, providing financial assistance to the international community. For other uses, see Forbes (disambiguation). ... International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. ...


In 2008, Houston ranked fourth for highest increase in the local technological innovation over the preceding 15 years, according to Forbes magazine.[80]. In the same year, the city ranked second on the annual Fortune 500 list of company headquarters. [81] For other uses, see Forbes (disambiguation). ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ...


Demographics

The annual Houston International Festival spotlights a different culture each year
The annual Houston International Festival spotlights a different culture each year

Houston is a diverse and international city, in part because of its many academic institutions and strong industries. Over 90 languages are spoken in the city.[82] Houston has among the youngest populations in the nation,[83][84][85] partly due to an influx of immigrants into Texas.[86] The city has the third-largest Hispanic and third-largest Mexican population in the United States.[87] An estimated 400,000 illegal immigrants reside in Houston.[88] Houston has one of the largest South Asian (i.e., Indian and Pakistani) communities in the United States.[89] As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 1,953,631 people, 717,945 households, and 457,330 families residing in the city. ... Image File history File links Houston_International_Festival. ... Image File history File links Houston_International_Festival. ... Illegal alien and Illegal aliens redirect here. ... Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ...


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,953,631 people and the population density was 3,371.7 people per square mile (1,301.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.27 percent White, 25.31 percent Black, 5.31 percent Asian, 0.44 percent American Indian, 0.06 percent Pacific Islander, 16.46 percent from some other race, and 3.15 percent from two or more races. Persons of Hispanic origin—who may be of any race—accounted for 37 percent of the population while non-Hispanic whites made up 30.8 percent. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Actress Halle Berry was born to a white mother and a black father The terms multiracial and mixed-race describe people whose parents are not the same race. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ...


Houston has a large population of immigrants from Asia, including the largest Vietnamese-American population in Texas and third-largest in the United States, with 85,000 people in 2006.[90] Some parts of the city with high populations of Vietnamese and Chinese residents have Chinese and Vietnamese street signs, in addition to English ones. Houston has two Chinatowns: the original located in Downtown, and the more recent one north of Bellaire Boulevard in the southwest area of the city.[91][92] The city has a Little Saigon in Midtown and Vietnamese businesses located in the southwest Houston Chinatown.[93] A "Little India" community exists along Hillcroft.[94] Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A Vietnamese American (Vietnamese: người Mỹ gốc Việt) is a resident of the United States who is of Vietnamese descent. ... This article is about sections of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese residents or commercial activities. ... // Little Saigon is a name given to any of several overseas Vietnamese immigrant and descendant communities outside Vietnam, usually in the United States. ... Street signs in Midtown Houston are distinct from the plain green signs seen in most of Houston Another example of a Midtown street sign Midtown Houston is a district southwest of Downtown Houston, Texas, bordered by the Montrose area and U.S. Highway 59. ... Little India is an ethnic enclave containing a large population of Indian people within a society where the majority of people are not South Asians. ...


Houston has a large gay community concentrated primarily in Montrose, Neartown and Houston Heights. It is estimated that the Houston metropolitan area has the twelfth-largest number of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals in the United States. [95] The sociological construct of a gay community is complex among those that classify themselves as homosexual, ranging from full-embracement to complete and utter rejection of the concept. ... Montrose is known for its tattoo parlors and bars Montrose, also known as Neartown, is an area in west-central Houston, Texas. ... Vintage shops along Westheimer Road—the main, and busiest, artery that traverses through Neartown Neartown is an area located in west-central Houston, Texas and is one of the citys major cultural areas. ... A sign at the entrance to the Houston Heights A Victorian house seen in the Heights Houston Heights, often nicknamed The Heights, is a large community located in northwest-central Houston, Texas. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Houston
See also: List of people raised in Houston and Nicknames of Houston

Houston is a multicultural city with a large and growing international community.[96] The metropolitan area is home to an estimated 1.1 million (21.4 percent) residents who were born outside the United States, with nearly two-thirds of the area's foreign-born population from south of the United States–Mexico border.[97] Additionally, more than one in five foreign-born residents are from Asia. [98] The city is home to the nation’s third largest concentration of consular offices, representing 86 nations.[99] Houston is a multicultural city with a thriving international community supported by the nation’s third largest concentration of consular offices representing 77 nations. ... Category: ... There are many nicknames for the city of Houston. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 552 KB) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Houston, Texas ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 552 KB) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Houston, Texas ... 2004 Parade Entry The Houston Art Car Parade is a yearly event in Houston, USA, featuring a display of all types of rolling art. ... Multiculturalism or cultural pluralism is a policy, ideal, or reality that emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures in the world, especially as they relate to one another in immigrant receiving nations. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Houston received the official nickname of "Space City" in 1967 because it is the location of NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.[100] Other nicknames often used by locals include "Bayou City," "Magnolia City," "Clutch City," and "H-Town." Bayou City is a popular nickname for Houston, Texas, founded at the confluence of White Oak and Buffalo Bayous by the Allen Brothers in the early nineteenth century. ...


Arts and theatre

Wortham Center in the Theater District of Downtown
Wortham Center in the Theater District of Downtown

Houston has an active visual and performing arts scene. The Theater District is located downtown and is home to nine major performing arts organizations and six performance halls. It is the second-largest concentration of theater seats in a downtown area in the United States.[101][102][103] Houston is one of only five United States cities with permanent, professional, resident companies in all major performing arts disciplines: opera (Houston Grand Opera), ballet (Houston Ballet), music (Houston Symphony Orchestra), and theater (The Alley Theatre).[104][105] Houston is also home to many local folk artists, art groups and various smaller progressive arts organizations.[106] Houston attracts many touring Broadway acts, concerts, shows, and exhibitions for a variety of interests.[107] Image File history File links Wortham_Center. ... Image File history File links Wortham_Center. ... The Alley Theatre The Houston Theater District, a 17-block area in the heart of Downtown Houston, is home to Houstons nine world-class performing arts organizations, the 130,000 square-foot Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas and parks. ... The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... The performing arts are those forms of art which differ from the plastic arts insofar as the former uses the artists own body, face and presence as a medium, and the latter uses materials such as clay, metal or paint which can be molded or transformed to create some... The Alley Theatre The Houston Theater District, a 17-block area in the heart of Downtown Houston, is home to Houstons nine world-class performing arts organizations, the 130,000 square-foot Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas and parks. ... The Houston Grand Opera (HGO) is a Houston, Texas-based opera company. ... The Houston Ballet, operated by the Houston Ballet Foundation, is the fourth-largest professional ballet company in the United States, based in Houston, Texas. ... Jones Hall The Houston Symphony Orchestra is one of the United States of Americas major orchestras, based, as its name suggests, in Houston, Texas. ... Alley Theater, February 2003 Alley Theatre is a famous theatre in Downtown Houston. ... Island of Salvation Botanica, Piety Street, Bywater neighborhood, New Orleans Folk art describes a wide range of objects that reflect the craft traditions and traditional social values of various social groups. ... An art group refers to an association of artists who may work (or live) communally, for the purpose of facilitating the creation of art, either that belonging to the individual, or the collective. ...


Houston holds the Bayou City Art Festival, which is considered to be one of the top five art festivals in the United States.[108][109] The Bayou City Art Festival (formerly the Westheimer Colony Art Festival) is an arts festival held biannually in Houston, Texas (USA) in Memorial Park in the spring, and in Downtown Houston in the fall by the Art Colony Association. ...


The Museum District has many popular cultural institutions and exhibits, which attract more than 7 million visitors a year.[110][111] Notable facilities located in the district include The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Museum of Natural Science, the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Holocaust Museum Houston, and the Houston Zoo.[112][113][114] Located in the nearby Montrose area are The Menil Collection and Rothko Chapel. The Houston Museum District is an area of Houston, Texas. ... The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a free one. ... Template:Reqcleanup The Houston Museum of Natural Science is a museum located in Houston, Texas. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Holocaust Museum Houston The Holocaust Museum Houston, is located in Houston, Texas and was opened in 1996. ... Reflection pool The Houston Zoo is a 55-acre zoological park located within Hermann Park in Houston, Texas. ... Montrose is known for its tattoo parlors and bars Montrose, also known as Neartown, is an area in west-central Houston, Texas. ... The Menil Collection, in Houston, houses the art collection of founders Dominique and John de Menil. ... Exterior of Rothko Chapel in Houston, Texas. ...

Bayou Bend, located in River Oaks, is a 14-acre facility of the Museum of Fine Arts that houses one of America's best collections of decorative art, paintings and furniture. Bayou Bend is the former home of Houston philanthropist Ima Hogg. [115] Hobby Center for the Performing Arts is a theater in Houston, Texas. ... Ima Hogg (July 10, 1882-August 19, 1975 was one of the most respected Texas women of the 20th century. ...


Many venues scattered across Houston regularly host local and touring rock, blues, country, hip hop and Tejano musical acts. Unfortunately, there has never been a widely renowned music scene in Houston. Artists seem to relocate to other parts of the United States once attaining some level of success.[116] A notable exception to the rule is Houston hip-hop, which celebrates the unique southern flavor and attitude of its roots. This has given rise to a strong, independent hip-hop music scene, influencing and influenced by the larger Southern hip hop and gangsta rap communities.[117] Many Houstonian hip-hop artists have attained commercial success. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Tejano (Spanish for Texan) or Tex-Mex[1] music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic-descended Tejanos of Central and South Texas. ... Houston, Texas has long been the focus of an independent hip-hop music scene, influencing and influenced by the larger Southern hip hop and gangsta rap communities. ... Houston, Texas has long been the focus of an independent hip-hop music scene, influencing and influenced by the larger Southern hip hop and gangsta rap communities. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ...


Events

See also: List of events in Houston

Many annual events celebrate the diverse cultures of Houston. The largest and longest running is the annual Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, held over 20 days from late February to early March. Another large celebration is the annual night-time Houston Pride Parade, held at the end of June.[118] Other annual events include the Houston Greek Festival,[119] Art Car Parade, the Houston Auto Show and the Houston International Festival.[120] Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo WorldFest 1992 Republican National Convention Houston International Festival Texas Renaissance Festival Frontier Fiesta Houston Auto Show Shell Houston Open Houston Greek Festival Houston Egyptian Festival Houston Japan Festival Ballunar Liftoff Festival Westheimer Street Festival (no longer held biannually since October 17, 2004; the replacement festival... The Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, also called RodeoHouston, with attendance approaching over two and a half million visitors per year, is the worlds largest livestock exhibition as well as the worlds largest rodeo event, requiring the support of sixteen thousand volunteers. ... 2004 Gay Pride Parade in São Paulo, Brazil. ... Houstons Greek Festival was started in 1966 by the members of Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church (later Cathedral) as a Greek Night. The three day festival is held annually on the first weekend in October and features Greek food, live Greek music and Greek folk dances, as well as a... 2004 Parade Entry The Houston Art Car Parade is a yearly event in Houston, USA, featuring a display of all types of rolling art. ...


Tourism and recreation

Reflection pool in Hermann Park

Space Center Houston is the official visitors’ center of NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. Here one will find many interactive exhibits including moon rocks, a shuttle simulator, and presentations about the history of NASA's manned space flight program. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hermann Park is one of Houstons finest and most-visited public parks. ... Space Center Houston logo Space Center Houston, located in Houston, Texas, is the official visitors center of the Johnson Space Center. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... An aerial view of the Johnson Space Center facility of Houston in 1989 The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations center for human spaceflight activities. ... Genesis Rock returned by the Apollo 15 mission. ...


The Theater District is a 17-block area in the center of downtown Houston that is home to the Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas, and parks. Bayou Place is a large multilevel building containing full-service restaurants, bars, live music, billiards, and art house films. The Houston Verizon Wireless Theater stages live concerts, stage plays, and stand-up comedy; and the Angelika Film Center presents the latest in art and foreign and independent films.[121] The Alley Theatre The Houston Theater District, a 17-block area in the heart of Downtown Houston, is home to Houstons nine world-class performing arts organizations, the 130,000 square-foot Bayou Place entertainment complex, restaurants, movies, plazas and parks. ... Bayou Place is an entertainment complex that houses multiple theaters, bars and restaurants located in downtown Houston, Texas. ... This article is about the various cue sports. ... For other uses, see Concert (disambiguation). ... An independent film, or indie film, is a film that is produced outside, independent, of the Hollywood Studio system. ...


Houston is home to 337 parks including Hermann Park, which houses the Houston Zoo and the Houston Museum of Natural Science, Lake Houston Park, Memorial Park, Tranquility Park, Sesquicentennial Park, Discovery Green and Sam Houston Park which contains restored and reconstructed homes which were originally built between 1823 and 1905).[122] The city also has over 200 additional green spaces—totaling over 19,600 acres (79 km²) that are managed by the city—including the Houston Arboretum and Nature Center. The Houston Civic Center was replaced by the George R. Brown Convention Center—one of the nation's largest—and the Jesse H. Jones Hall for the Performing Arts, home of the Houston Symphony Orchestra and Society for the Performing Arts. The Sam Houston Coliseum and Music Hall have been replaced by the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts. Hermann Park is one of Houstons finest and most-visited public parks. ... Reflection pool The Houston Zoo is a 55-acre zoological park located within Hermann Park in Houston, Texas. ... Template:Reqcleanup The Houston Museum of Natural Science is a museum located in Houston, Texas. ... Memorial Park is the name of a park in Houston, Texas. ... Tranquility Park at dusk in downtown Houston Tranquility Park is a park in downtown Houston, Texas commemorating the first landing on the moon by the Apollo 11 mission. ... Sesquicentennial Park is an urban park in downtown Houston, Texas. ... The Kellum-Noble House is an Historic American Building located in Sam Houston Park Sam Houston Park is a park located in downtown Houston, Texas, and is dedicated to the buildings and culture of Houstons historic past. ... The Houston Arboretum and Nature Center (155 acres) is a non-profit arboretum and nature center located in Memorial Park at 4501 Woodway Drive, Houston, Texas. ... The George R. Brown Convention Center was opened on September 26, 1987 on the east side of downtown Houston. ... Jones Hall in Houston, Texas The Jesse H. Jones Hall for the Performing Arts, commonly known as Jones Hall, is a performance venue in Houston, Texas, and the permanent home of the Houston Symphony Orchestra and the Houston Society for the Performing Arts. ... Jones Hall The Houston Symphony Orchestra is one of the United States of Americas major orchestras, based, as its name suggests, in Houston, Texas. ... Sam Houston Coliseum was an indoor arena located in Houston, Texas. ... Hobby Center for the Performing Arts is a theater in Houston, Texas. ...


Other tourist attractions include the Galleria (Texas's largest shopping mall located in the Uptown District), Old Market Square, the Downtown Aquarium, SplashTown and Sam Houston Race Park. The San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site where the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution was fought is located on the Houston Ship channel east of the city; the park is also the location of the museum battleship USS Texas (BB-35). Tourist redirects here. ... Galleria I and ice rink prior to the 2003 renovation. ... This is a list of the largest shopping malls in the United States of America. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... SplashTown is a water park located north of Houston, Texas in the Spring CDP of Harris County, Texas. ... Sam Houston Race Park is a horse racing track located in northwest Houston, Texas. ... San Jacinto Monument The San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site includes the location of the Battle of San Jacinto, and the USS Texas. ... Combatants Texas Mexico Commanders Stephen F. Austin Sam Houston Antonio López de Santa Anna Martin Perfecto de Cos Strength c. ... USS Texas (BB-35), a New York-class battleship, was the second ship of the United States Navy named to honor Texas, the 28th state. ...


Sports

Main article: Sports in Houston
See also: Former professional sports teams in Houston

Houston has teams for nearly every major professional sport. The Houston Astros (MLB), Houston Texans (NFL), Houston Rockets (NBA), Houston Dynamo (MLS), Houston Comets (WNBA), Houston Aeros (AHL), Houston Wranglers (WTT), Houston Takers (ABA), and the Houston Energy (WPFL) all call Houston home. Minute Maid Park Houston, Texas has a rich sporting culture and the area residents are active in many spectator and paricipant sports. ... Former Teams American Football Oilers (NFL) - Now the Tennessee Titans, the team relocated to Memphis and later to Nashville, Tennessee. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1728 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1728 pixel, file size: 2. ... Minute Maid Park (formerly Enron Field and Astros Field) is a baseball stadium in Houston, Texas, that opened in 2000 to house the Houston Astros. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... NFL redirects here. ... The Houston Rockets are an American professional basketball team based in Houston, Texas. ... NBA redirects here. ... Current season Houston Dynamo is a North American professional soccer team based in Houston, Texas, United States. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... The Houston Comets are a Womens National Basketball Association team based in Houston, Texas. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... This article is about the American Hockey League team. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... 2007 marks the third season for the Houston Wrangler team in the World TeamTennis League. ... World Team Tennis is a league of team tennis in the United States. ... The Houston Takers is an American Basketball Association (ABA) expansion team in Sugar Land, Texas. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... The Houston Energy are a football team in the Womens Professional Football League. ... The Womens Professional Football League (WPFL) is the original and longest operating womens professional American football league in the United States. ...


Minute Maid Park (home of the Astros) and Toyota Center (home of the Rockets, and Aeros) are located in a revived area of downtown. The city has the Reliant Astrodome, the first domed stadium in the world; it also holds the NFL's first retractable-roof stadium, Reliant Stadium. Other sports facilities in Houston include Hofheinz Pavilion, Reliant Arena (home of the Comets), and Robertson Stadium (both used for University of Houston collegiate sports, the latter also for the Houston Dynamo), and Rice Stadium (home of the Rice University Owls football team). The infrequently used Reliant Astrodome hosted World Wrestling Entertainment's WrestleMania X-Seven on April 1, 2001, where an attendance record of 67,925 was set.[123] The city will host Wrestlemania XXV at Reliant Stadium on April 5th, 2009 [124] Minute Maid Park (formerly Enron Field and Astros Field) is a baseball stadium in Houston, Texas, that opened in 2000 to house the Houston Astros. ... The interior of the arena, during an ice hockey game The Toyota Center is an indoor arena located at 1510 Polk Street in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... Reliant Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium, the first of its kind, located in Houston, Texas. ... Reliant Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ... Hofheinz Pavilion is a 8,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Houston, Texas. ... The Reliant Arena, formerly the Astroarena, is a 350,000 sq. ... John OQuinn Field at Robertson Stadium is a sports stadium in Houston, Texas located on the campus of the University of Houston. ... For other system schools, see University of Houston System. ... College athletics refers primarily to sports and games organized and sanctioned by institutions of tertiary education (colleges in American English). ... Current season Houston Dynamo is a North American professional soccer team based in Houston, Texas, United States. ... Rice Stadium is a football stadium located on the Rice University campus in Houston, Texas. ... Lovett Hall William Marsh Rice University (commonly called Rice University and opened in 1912 as The William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science and Art) is a private, comprehensive research university located in Houston, Texas, USA, near the Museum District and adjacent to the Texas Medical Center. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... WrestleMania X-Seven was the seventeenth annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view produced by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Reliant Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ...


Houston has hosted major recent sporting events, including the 2004 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, the 2000 IHL All-Star Game, the 2005 World Series, the 2005 Big 12 Conference football championship game, the 2006 NBA All-Star Game, the U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships from 2001–2006, and the Tennis Masters Cup in 2003 and 2004, as well as the annual Shell Houston Open golf tournament. The city hosts the annual NCAA College Baseball Minute Maid Classic every February and NCAA football's Texas Bowl in December. Houston has hosted the Super Bowl championship game twice. Super Bowl VIII was played at Rice Stadium in 1974 and Super Bowl XXXVIII was played at Reliant Stadium in 2004. In early 2006, the Champ Car auto racing series returned to Houston for a yearly race, held on the streets of the Reliant Park complex. The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... An all-star game is an exhibition game played by the best players in their respective sports league. ... Dates: October 22, 2005–October 26, 2005 MVP: Jermaine Dye (Chicago) Television: FOX Announcers: Joe Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires: Joe West, Jeff Nelson, Jerry Layne, Derryl Cousins, Gary Cederstrom, Angel Hernandez ALCS: Chicago White Sox over Los Angeles Angels (4-1) NLCS: Houston Astros over St. ... The Big 12 Conference is a college athletic conference of twelve schools located mostly in the central United States. ... 2006 NBA All-Star Logo The 2006 NBA All-Star Game was played on Sunday, February 19, 2006 at the Toyota Center in Houston, Texas, home of the Houston Rockets. ... The U.S. Mens Clay Court Championships is an annual ATP Tour tennis tournament held in Houston, Texas. ... The Tennis Masters Cup is a tennis tournament played annually at the end of each year, involving the top eight players in the mens tennis world rankings. ... The Shell Houston Open is a regular golf tournament on the PGA Tour. ... The Texas Bowl is a post-season NCAA-sanctioned Division I-A college football bowl game that has been held for the first time in 2006 in Houston, Texas. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Date January 13, 1974 Stadium Rice Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Larry Csonka, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 7 National Anthem Charley Pride Coin toss Game referee Halftime show University of Texas at Austin Band Attendance 71,882 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray Scott, Pat Summerall... Rice Stadium is a football stadium located on the Rice University campus in Houston, Texas. ... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Reliant Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ... “CART” redirects here. ... The Grand Prix of Houston is Houstons premier motorsports event, featuring races from Champ Car and American Le Mans. ... Photograph of a sign at the entrance to the Reliant Park Complex, with Six Flags Astroworld in the background Reliant Park (formerly the Astrodomain) is a complex in Houston, Texas named after the energy company Reliant Energy. ...


Media

Further information: List of newspapers in Houston, List of television stations in Houston, List of radio stations in Houston, and List of films featured in Houston

Houston is served by the Houston Chronicle, its only major daily newspaper with wide distribution. The Hearst Corporation, which owns and operates the Houston Chronicle, bought the assets of the Houston Post—its long-time rival and main competition—when Houston Post ceased operations in 1995. The Houston Post was owned by the family of former Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby of Houston. The only other major publication to serve the city is the Houston Press—a free alternative weekly with a weekly readership of more than 300,000.[125] Partial List of Newspapers African-American Business and News The Daily Cougar Free Press Houston Houston Business Journal Houston Chronicle Houston Defender Houston Forward Times Houston Gazette Houston INTOWN Houston Press Houston Voice Houston Review Korean Journal (now national) Lone Star Times Pakistan Chronicle PaperCity ... This is a list of broadcast television stations serving cities in the state of Texas. ... This is a list of radio stations in Texas. ... Part or all of these movies/shows take place in Houston, Texas and/or the surrounding area: Hellfighters (1968) with John Wayne Brewster McCloud (1970) - first film to be filmed inside the Astrodome The Getaway (1972) - filmed in Huntsville, Texas The Thief Who Came to Dinner (1973) - set and filmed... The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... Hearst Tower, in September 2006 The Hearst Corporation is a privately-held American-based media conglomerate based in the Hearst Tower in New York City, USA. Founded by William Randolph Hearst as an owner of newspapers, the companys holdings now include a wide variety of media. ... The Houston Post was a newspaper in Houston, Texas established on February 19, 1880, by Gail Borden Johnson. ... William Pettus “Bill” Hobby, Jr. ... The Houston Press is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Houston, Texas. ... Recent cover of Portland, Oregons Willamette Week An alternative weekly is a type of weekly newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of opinionated reviews and columns, investigations into edgy topics and magazine-style feature stories highlighting local people and culture. ...


Houston Community Newspapers is a news source for smaller localized communities in and around the city. Houston Community Newspapers publishes 35 suburban newspapers—including two daily papers and 33 weekly papers.[126]


Architecture

See also: List of tallest buildings in Texas

Houston's skyline has been ranked fourth most impressive in the United States ;[127] it is the third-tallest skyline in the United States and one of the top 10 in the world.[128] Houston has a seven-mile (11 km) system of tunnels and skywalks linking buildings in downtown which contain shops, restaurants, and convenience stores. This system enables pedestrians to avoid the intense summer heat and heavy rain showers while walking from one building to another. Downtown JPMorgan Chase Tower In the 1960s, Downtown Houston comprised of a modest collection of mid-rise office structures, but has since grown into one of the largest skylines in the United States. ... The state of Texas is home to many of the tallest skyscrapers in the United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 100 KB) Took this pic. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 100 KB) Took this pic. ... The 75-story, 305 m (1000 ft) tall JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas, formerly the Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest building in Texas and one of the tallest structures in the world. ... The state of Texas is home to many of the tallest skyscrapers in the United States. ... The Houston Downtown Tunnel System is a system of tunnels about twenty feet below Houstons downtown street system. ...


In the 1960s, Downtown Houston was comprised of a modest collection of mid-rise office structures, but has since grown into one of the largest skylines in the United States. Downtown was on the threshold of a boom in 1970 with huge projects being launched by real estate developers with the energy industry boom. A succession of skyscrapers were built throughout the 1970s—many by real estate developer Gerald D. Hines—culminating with Houston's tallest skyscraper, the 75-floor, 1,002-foot (305 m)-tall JPMorgan Chase Tower (formerly the Texas Commerce Tower), which was completed in 1982. It is the tallest structure in Texas, 10th-tallest building in the United States and the 30th-tallest skyscraper in the world based on height to roof. In 1983, the 71-floor, 992-foot (302 m)-tall Wells Fargo Bank Plaza was completed, which became the second-tallest building in Houston and Texas. Based on height to roof, it is the 13th-tallest in the United States and the 36th-tallest in the world. As of 2006, downtown Houston had about 43 million square feet (4,000,000 m²) of office space.[129] Skyline District of Downtown Downtown Houston is Houstons largest business district. ... For other uses, see Skyline (disambiguation). ... A real estate developer (American English) or property developer (British English) makes improvements of some kind to real property, thereby increasing its value. ... Gerald D. Hines is a Houston, Texas real estate developer and founder of Hines Interests that has developed over 205 million square feet in more than 650 properties worldwide, including stunning skyscrapers, premier corporate headquarters, mixed-use centers, industrial parks, and master-planned resort and residential communities throughout the United... The 75-story, 305 m (1000 ft) tall JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas, formerly the Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest building in Texas and one of the tallest structures in the world. ... 20 tallest buildings in the United States U.S. Bank Tower Columbia Center Chicago: 311 S. Wacker Dr. John Hancock Center Aon Center Sears Tower AT&T Corp. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... A beautiful sky above The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza. ...


Centered on Post Oak Boulevard and Westheimer Road, the Uptown District boomed during the 1970s and early 1980s when a collection of mid-rise office buildings, hotels, and retail developments appeared along Interstate 610 west. Uptown became one of the most impressive instances of an edge city. The highest achievement of Uptown was the construction of the 64-floor, 901-foot (275 m)-tall, Philip Johnson and John Burgee designed landmark Williams Tower (known as the Transco Tower until 1999). At the time, it was believed to the be the world's tallest skyscraper outside of a central business district. The Uptown District is also home to other buildings designed by noted architects such as I. M. Pei, César Pelli, and Philip Johnson. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, there was a mini-boom of mid-rise and high-rise residential tower construction, with several over 30 stories tall.[130][131][132] In 2002, Uptown had more than 23 million square feet (2,100,000 m²) of office space with 16 million square feet (1,500,000 m²) of Class A office space.[133] Uptown Houston Uptown Houston, or the Uptown District, is mainly centered around the the Galleria, the largest and most prestigious shopping mall in Houston. ... Interstate 610 (abbreviated I-610 or in Texas IH-610) is a freeway that forms a loop around the city of Houston, Texas. ... Edge City is an American term for a relatively new concentration of business, shopping and entertainment outside a traditional urban area, in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi-rural community. ... 1933 Portrait of Philip Johnson by Carl Van Vechten Philip Cortelyou Johnson (July 8, 1906 – January 25, 2005) was an influential American architect. ... John Burgee is an American architect important in post-modern architecture. ... Williams Tower from Street The beacon of the Williams Tower The Williams Tower (formerly the Transco Tower), is a skyscraper located in the Uptown District of Houston. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; b. ... muu Cesar Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted Argentine architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ... 1933 Portrait of Philip Johnson by Carl Van Vechten Philip Cortelyou Johnson (July 8, 1906 – January 25, 2005) was an influential American architect. ... High-rise is a 1975 novel by J. G. Ballard. ... A tower block, block of flats, or apartment block, is a multi-unit high-rise apartment building. ... Office types Class A office space Back office Front office Mobile office Paperless office Serviced office Small office/home office Virtual office Class A Office Space describes the highest quality office space locally available. ...


Transportation

Interstate 10 and Interstate 45 near Downtown
Interstate 10 and Interstate 45 near Downtown

Houston's freeway system is made up of 575.5 miles (926.2 km) of freeways and expressways in a ten-county metropolitan area.[134] Its highway system uses a hub-and-spoke freeway structure serviced by multiple loops. The innermost loop is Interstate 610, which encircles downtown, the medical center, and many core neighborhoods with around a 10-mile (16 km) diameter. Beltway 8 and its freeway core, the Sam Houston Tollway, form the middle loop at a diameter of roughly 25 miles (40 km). A proposed highway project, State Highway 99 (The Grand Parkway), would form a third loop outside of Houston. Currently, the completed portion of State Highway 99 runs from just north of Interstate 10, west of Houston, to U.S. Highway 59 in Sugar Land, southwest of Houston, and was completed in 1994. Highways U.S. Highway 59 as it traverses by Greenway Plaza In Houston, urban sprawl and hot, humid summers have made automobiles the favored means of transportation. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 45 (I-45) is an Interstate Highway located entirely within the U.S. state of Texas. ... This is a list of highways in the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... The Spoke-hub distribution paradigm (also known as a hub and spoke model or hub and spoke network) derives its name from a bicycle wheel, which consists of a number of spokes extending outward from a central hub. ... Interstate 610 (abbreviated I-610 or in Texas IH-610) is a freeway that forms a loop around the city of Houston, Texas. ... Northbound at Interstate Highway 10 on the west side of Houston State Highway Beltway 8 (BW8), the Sam Houston Parkway, along with the Sam Houston Tollway, is a beltway around the city of Houston, Texas, United States, lying entirely within Harris County. ... Junction Location Galveston County SH 146 near League City I 45 near League City Brazoria County SH 6 near Alvin SH 35 near Alvin SH 288 north of FM 1462 Fort Bend County US 59 Sugar Land US 90A Sugar Land FM 1093 east of Fulshear Harris County I 10... Interstate 10 in Texas, (abbreviated I-10 or IH-10), the major east-west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, runs east from El Paso, Texas, near the border with New Mexico, through San Antonio and Houston to the border with Louisiana near Orange, Texas. ... U.S. Route 59 is a north-south United States highway (though it is signed east-west in parts of Texas). ... Sugar Land is a city located along the Gulf Coast region in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ...


Houston also lies along the route of the proposed Interstate 69 NAFTA superhighway that would link Canada, the U.S. industrial Midwest, Texas, and Mexico. Other spoke freeways either planned or under construction include the Fort Bend Parkway, Hardy Toll Road, Crosby Freeway, and the future Alvin Freeway. Interstate 69 just outside Indianapolis near Pendleton, Indiana Interstate 69 (I-69) is an Interstate Highway in the United States. ... NAFTA redirects here. ... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... The Fort Bend Parkway Toll Road connects State Highway 6 in eastern Fort Bend County to US 90A in southwestern Harris County, planned to reach a northern terminus at Interstate 610 in the near future. ... The Hardy Toll Road runs from Interstate 45, north of Houston just below the Harris County line, to Interstate 610, near central Houston. ... U.S. Route 90 is an east-west United States highway. ... Junction Location Harris, County I 610 Houston, MP33 Beltway 8 Houston Brazoria, County SH 6 Alvin SH 288 Angleton SH 36 West Columbia Matagorda, County SH 60 Bay City SH 71 southwest of Elmaton Calhoun, County SH 172 Weedhaven US 87 Port Lavaca SH 316 Port Lavaca SH 185 northwest...


Houston's freeway system is monitored by Houston TranStar, a partnership of four government agencies that are responsible for providing transportation and emergency management services to the region. Houston TranStar was the first center in the nation to combine transportation and emergency management centers, and the first to bring four agencies (Texas Department of Transportation, Harris County, Texas, Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas and the City of Houston) together to share their resources. [135] // Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline dealing of with and avoiding risks. ... The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ... // History The Texas Legislature created the Texas Highway Department in 1917 to administer federal highway construction and maintenance. ... Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... A group of METRO buses parked at the Texas Medical Center Transit Center The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas (METRO) operates bus, lift bus, and light rail service in Harris County, Texas, which includes Houston. ...

METRO light rail along the Main Street Corridor in Downtown
METRO light rail along the Main Street Corridor in Downtown

The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas, or METRO, provides public transportation in the form of buses, light rail, and lift vans. METRO's various forms of public transportation still do not connect many of the suburbs to the greater city. Image File history File links METRORail_7. ... Image File history File links METRORail_7. ...


METRO began light rail service on January 1, 2004 with the inaugural track ("Red Line") running about 8 miles (13 km) from the University of Houston–Downtown ("UHD"), which traverses through the Texas Medical Center and terminates at Reliant Park. METRO is currently in the design phase of a 10-year expansion plan that will add five more lines to the existing system.[136]


Amtrak, the national rail passenger system, provides service to Houston via the Sunset Limited (Los Angeles–New Orleans), which stops at a train station on the north side of the downtown area. The station saw 10,855 boardings and alightings in fiscal year 2006.[137] The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Amtraks eastbound Sunset Limited at the Houston Amtrak station. ... The Houston Amtrak station is a train station in Houston, Texas, United States served by Amtrak, the national railroad passenger system. ...

Houston is served by two commercial airports, serving 52 million passengers in 2007.[138]The larger is George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IAH), the ninth-busiest in the United States for total passengers, and seventeenth-busiest worldwide.[139] Bush Intercontinental currently ranks third in the United States for non-stop domestic and international service with 182 destinations.[140] In 2006, the United States Department of Transportation named George Bush Intercontinental Airport the fastest-growing of the top ten airports in the United States.[141] Houston is the headquarters of Continental Airlines and Bush Intercontinental is Continental Airlines' largest hub. The airline offers more than 700 daily departures from Houston.[142] In early 2007, Bush Intercontinental Airport was named a model "port of entry" for international travelers by U.S. Customs and Border Protection.[143] The Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center stands on the George Bush Intercontinental Airport grounds. George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IATA: IAH, ICAO: KIAH, FAA LID: IAH)[2] is an international airport in the city of Houston, Texas, United States serving the Greater Houston area. ... George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IATA: IAH, ICAO: KIAH, FAA LID: IAH)[2] is an international airport in the city of Houston, Texas, United States serving the Greater Houston area. ... The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with transportation. ... George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IATA: IAH, ICAO: KIAH, FAA LID: IAH)[2] is an international airport in the city of Houston, Texas, United States serving the Greater Houston area. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ...


The second-largest commercial airport in Houston is William P. Hobby Airport (named Houston International Airport until 1967). The airport operates primarily small to medium-haul flights and is the only airport in Houston served by Southwest Airlines and JetBlue Airways. Houston's aviation history is showcased in the 1940 Air Terminal Museum located in the old terminal building on the west side of Hobby Airport. William P. Hobby Airport (IATA: HOU, ICAO: KHOU, FAA LID: HOU) is a public airport located 8 miles (13 km) southeast of the central business district of Houston, Harris County, Texas, USA. The airport covers 1,304 acres and has four runways. ... This article is about the American airline. ... For the Jet Blue database used in Exchange Server and Active Directory, see Extensible Storage Engine. ... The 1940 Air Terminal Museum is a museum located in Houston, Texas at William P. Hobby Airport. ...


Another airport is Ellington Field (a former U.S. Air Force base) that is used by military, government, and general aviation sectors. NASAs fleet of T-38 Talons sitting on the flightline at Ellington. ... USAF redirects here. ...


The Federal Aviation Administration and the state of Texas selected the "Houston Airport System as Airport of the Year" for 2005,[144] largely because of its multi-year, $3.1 billion airport improvement program for both major airports in Houston. FAA redirects here. ...


Greyhound Lines operates intercity services from five stations in Houston and several Houston suburbs. Other bus lines operate from Greyhound's stations and other stations. This article is about the US bus line. ...


Healthcare and medicine

Main article: Texas Medical Center
See also: List of hospitals in Texas

Houston is the seat of the internationally-renowned Texas Medical Center, which contains the world's largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions.[145] All 45 member institutions of the Texas Medical Center are non-profit organizations. They provide patient and preventive care, research, education, and local, national, and international community well-being. These institutions include 13 renowned hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursing schools, and schools of dentistry, public health, pharmacy, and virtually all health-related careers. It is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, and a very successful inter-institutional transplant program was developed. More heart surgeries are performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world.[146] Texas Medical Center The Texas Medical Center, with more than five million patient visits annually and one of the highest densities of clinical facilities and basic science and translational research of any location, is the largest medical district in the world. ... List of hospitals in Texas (U.S. state), sorted by location. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Texas Medical Center The Texas Medical Center, with more than five million patient visits annually and one of the highest densities of clinical facilities and basic science and translational research of any location, is the largest medical district in the world. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ... For the town in the Republic of Ireland, see Hospital, County Limerick. ... Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, Texas, USA. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution — or part of such an institution — that teaches medicine. ... Nursing school is a type of educational institution, or part thereof, where people undergo formal education and training to become a nurse. ... This article is about the dental profession. ... For other uses, see Pharmacy (disambiguation). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Cardiac surgery is surgery on the heart, typically to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (e. ...


Some of the academic and research health institutions in the center include Baylor College of Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, The Methodist Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital and The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center has consistently ranked as one of the top two U.S. hospitals specializing in cancer care by U.S. News & World Report since 1990.[147] Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) is ranked among the top Schools of medicine in the United States. ... The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston was created by the UT System Board of Regents and supported by the Texas Legislature in 1972. ... The Methodist Hospital is a hospital located in the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas. ... Texas Childrens Hospital is an internationally recognized pediatric hospital located in the Texas Medical Center in Houston. ... M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is a cancer research facility in the United States. ...


Houston is the home of the Menninger Clinic, a renowned psychiatric treatment center affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine and The Methodist Hospital. The Menninger Clinic was founded in 1925 in Topeka, Kansas, by Drs. ...


Education

Main article: Education in Houston
Further information: List of colleges and universities in Houston

There are more than 55 colleges and universities and dozens of institutions engaged in research and development in Houston. // Healthcare and scientific research Texas Medical Center Houston is the seat of the internationally-renowned Texas Medical Center, which contains the worlds largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions. ... The following is a list of colleges and universities in Houston, Texas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x615, 756 KB)[edit] Summary Lovett Hall at Rice University [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x615, 756 KB)[edit] Summary Lovett Hall at Rice University [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Lovett Hall William Marsh Rice University (commonly called Rice University and opened in 1912 as The William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science and Art) is a private, comprehensive research university located in Houston, Texas, USA, near the Museum District and adjacent to the Texas Medical Center. ...


The city is the home to Rice University, one of the leading teaching and research universities of the United States and ranked the nation's 17th-best overall university by U.S. News & World Report.[148] The University of Houston ("UH") is Texas's third-largest public research university with more than 40 research centers and institutes. UH, with more than 36,000 students from 130 countries, is one of the most diverse campuses in the country.[149] Other public institutions of higher learning in the city include University of Houston–Clear Lake ("UHCL"), University of Houston–Downtown ("UHD"), and Texas Southern University ("TSU"). Additionally, several private institutions include University of St. Thomas and Houston Baptist University. The Houston Community College System serves most of Houston and is the fourth-largest community college system in the United States.[150] Lovett Hall William Marsh Rice University (commonly called Rice University and opened in 1912 as The William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science and Art) is a private, comprehensive research university located in Houston, Texas, USA, near the Museum District and adjacent to the Texas Medical Center. ... For other system schools, see University of Houston System. ... The University of Houston–Clear Lake, often called UH–Clear Lake or UHCL, is an upper level university located in the cities of Pasadena, Texas and Houston, Texas. ... One Main Building One Main Building as seen from the merger of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou Commerce Street Building The University of Houston–Downtown, often called UH–Downtown or UHD, is a four-year college in Houston, Texas. ... Texas Southern University is one of the largest historically black universities in the USA. Located in Houston, Texas, the university was established on March 3, 1947 by the Texas Legislature and it was initially named Texas State University for Negroes. ... The University of St. ... Houston Baptist University (commonly abbreviated HBU) is a private Baptist institution founded in 1960. ... Houston Community College System (HCCS) is a community college system that operates community colleges in Houston, Missouri City, and Stafford in Texas, and also serves Bellaire, Southside Place, and West University Place. ...

Houston is home to two of four public law schools in Texas: University of Houston Law Center and Thurgood Marshall School of Law. The University of Houston Law Center ranked in at No. 60 of the "Top 100 Law Schools" in 2007 by U.S. News & World Report.[151] Additionally, South Texas College of Law—a private institution—is the city's oldest law school founded in 1923 and has one of the nation's top programs for trial advocacy.[152][153] Image File history File links E_cullen_UofH.gif‎ Description: E. cullen (right), PGH (left), and fountains Source: photo taken by Jh12 Date: 10 March 2005 Permission: released into public domain I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links E_cullen_UofH.gif‎ Description: E. cullen (right), PGH (left), and fountains Source: photo taken by Jh12 Date: 10 March 2005 Permission: released into public domain I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For other system schools, see University of Houston System. ... The University of Houston Law Center building The University of Houston Law Center (colloquially, The Law Center) is one of the professional graduate schools at the University of Houston. ... The Thurgood Marshall School of Law is an ABA accredited law school in Houston, Texas, that awards J.D. (Doctor of Jurisprudence). ... South Texas College of Law is a private American Bar Association (ABA) accredited law school and is a member of the Association of American Law Schools (AALS). ...


There are 17 school districts serving the city. The Houston Independent School District (HISD) is the seventh-largest in the United States.[154] HISD has 112 campuses that serve as magnet or vanguard schools—specializing in such disciplines as health professions, visual and performing arts, and the sciences. There are also many charter schools that are run separately from school districts. In addition, some public school districts also have their own charter schools. Hattie Mae White Educational Support Center is the headquarters of the Houston Independent School District. ... The Hattie Mae White Educational Support Center The first Hattie Mae White Administration Building. ... Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each schools...


The Houston area is home to more than 300 private schools,[155][156][157] many of which are accredited by Texas Private School Accreditation Commission (TEPSAC) recognized agencies. The Houston Area Independent Schools, or HAIS, offer education from a variety of different religious as well as secular viewpoints.[158] The Houston area Catholic schools are operated by the Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston. The Houston Area Independent Schools (or HAIS) is a non-profit association of more than 50 private schools located in the Houston, Texas area. ... Catholic schools are education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston (Latin: Archidioecesis Galvestoniensis Houstoniensis) encompasses 8,880 square miles of ten counties in the southeastern area of Texas: Galveston; Harris; Austin; Brazoria; Fort Bend; Grimes; Montgomery; San Jacinto; Walker; and Waller. ...


Sister cities

Houston has sixteen sister cities designated through the city's membership in Sister Cities International (SCI).[159] The year each relationship was formed is shown in parentheses below. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Grampian was a local government region of Scotland from 1975 to 1996. ... This article is about the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Location in Azerbaijan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - Total 260 km² (100. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Chiba (千葉市 Chiba-shi) is the capital city of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... This article is about the city of Guayaquil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Huelva is a city in southwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Huelva in the autonomous region of Andalusia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Luanda (formerly called Loanda) is the largest city and capital of Angola. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... County District Jæren Municipality NO-1103 Administrative centre Stavanger Mayor (1995-) Leif Johan Sevland (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 406 71 km² 68 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... This article is about a city in Mexico. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Tymen in the 1680s Tyumen (Тюме́нь) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Tyumen Oblast in the Urals Federal District . ...

Notes

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  140. ^ About George Bush Intercontinental Airport. Houston Airport System. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
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  142. ^ Facts and Figures. Houston Airport System. 2007. Retrieved on 2007-02-28.
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  145. ^ Introduction to the Texas Medical Center. Texas Medical Center. Retrieved on 2006-12-16.
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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Daily Cougar is a daily newspaper run entirely by students at the University of Houston in Houston, Texas USA. In publication since 1934, The Daily Cougar is one of only two independent daily college newspapers in Texas. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Texas Press is a university press that is part of the University of Texas at Austin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Weather Channel (TWC) is a cable and satellite television network that broadcasts weather and weather-related news 24 hours a day. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Utah (also The U or the U of U or the UU), located in Salt Lake City, is the flagship public research university in the state of Utah, and one of 10 institutions that make up the Utah System of Higher Education. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Utah (also The U or the U of U or the UU), located in Salt Lake City, is the flagship public research university in the state of Utah, and one of 10 institutions that make up the Utah System of Higher Education. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Weather Underground is a commercial weather service which provides free, real-time weather information via the Internet. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Morgan Quitno Press is an research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) is a department of the government of the state of Texas. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Internet Archive headquarters is in the Presidio, a former US military base in San Francisco. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CANOE (acronym for Canadian Online Explorer, commonly called Canoe. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), as part of the United States Department of Transportation, compiles, analyzes, and makes accessible information on the nations transportation systems; collects information on intermodal transportation and other areas as needed; and enhances the quality and effectiveness of DOTs statistical programs through research... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, also called RodeoHouston, with attendance approaching over two and a half million visitors per year, is the worlds largest livestock exhibition as well as the worlds largest rodeo event, requiring the support of sixteen thousand volunteers. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

Houston Portal
Texas Portal
  • Houston, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • 171 Years of Historic Houston Houstonhistory.com. 2007. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  • A thumb-nail history of the city of Houston, Texas, from its founding in 1836 to the year 1912, published 1912, hosted by the Portal to Texas History, republished 2007 by Copano Bay Press.
  • True stories of old Houston and Houstonians: historical and personal sketches / by S. O. Young., published 1913, hosted by the Portal to Texas History, republished 2007 by Copano Bay Press.
  • Allen, O. Fisher (1936). City of Houston from Wilderness to Wonder. Self Published. NA. .
  • Johnston, Marguerite (1991). Houston, The Unknown City, 1836–1946. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0-89096-476-9. 
  • Miller, Ray (1984). Ray Miller's Houston. Gulf Publishing Company. ISBN 0-88415-081-X. 
  • Slotboom, Oscar F. "Erik" (2003). Houston Freeways. Oscar F. Slotboom. ISBN 0-9741605-3-9. [3].
  • Wilson, Ann Quin (1982). Native Houstonian - A Collective Portrait. The Donning Company - Houston Baptist University Press. 80-27644. .
  • Young, Samuel Oliver (2007). A Thumbnail History of the City of Houston, Texas, From its Founding in 1836 to the Year 1912. Copano Bay Press. Limited Edition. .
  • Young, Samuel Oliver (2007). True Stories of Old Houston and Houstonians - 1836-1912. Copano Bay Press. Limited Edition. .

Image File history File links Flag_of_Houston,_Texas. ... Image File history File links This image, including all photography and graphics used in it, was taken and created by myself, Shem Daimwood. ... The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about Houston on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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  • City of Houston official website
  • Houston Public Library official website
  • 171 Years of Historic Houston
  • Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • Greater Houston Partnership
  • Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center
  • Houston Downtown District
  • Uptown Houston District
  • Midtown Houston District
  • Houston Airport System
  • Greater Houston Preservation Alliance
  • Houston Wilderness Organization
  • Aiesec Houston Platform
  • Houston, Texas is at coordinates 29°45′N 95°21′W / 29.75, -95.35 (Houston, Texas)Coordinates: 29°45′N 95°21′W / 29.75, -95.35 (Houston, Texas)
Urban areas in the United States are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as contiguous census block groups with a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile (about 400 per square km). ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents Boston proper, the City of Boston Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that National Capital Region (United States) be merged into this article or section. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ... The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul is the most populous urban area in the state of Minnesota, United States, and is composed of 188 cities and townships. ... Greater St. ... The Baltimore Metropolitan Area, also known as Baltimore-Towson, is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) encompassing northeastern Maryland and a small section of southern Pennsylvania. ... The Tampa Bay area is a metropolitan area on the Gulf coast of west-central Florida. ... The metropolitan area centered on the city of Denver, Colorado is known officially by the United States Census Bureau as the Denver metropolitan area (population 2,179,240 in 2000). ... NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Portland metropolitan area is the urban area centered around Portland, Oregon and the Willamette River. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the United States. ... The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky____the worst place on the planet____ metropolitan area is a metropolitan area that includes 15 counties in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California. ... Kansas City satellite map The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a fifteen county metropolitan area is anchored by Kansas City, Missouri straddling the border between the states of Missouri and Kansas. ... Map of Texas highlighting the San Antonio metropolitan area. ... The Las Vegas metropolitan area, includes the Las Vegas Valley a 600 square mile (1600 km²) basin, and surrounding areas, that are part of Clark County in southern Nevada. ... Location in the state of Wisconsin The Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha metropolitan area is an urban area that the U.S. Census Bureau defines as a Combined Statistical Area centered on the city of Milwaukee and had a population of 1,708,563 people as of the 2005 U.S. Census... The Indianapolis, IN, Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 33rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Providence metropolitan area is a region covering ten counties in two states, and is the 36th largest metropolitan area in the United States. ... Greater Orlando, alternatively known as the Orlando Area or Metro Orlando, is the third most populated metropolitan region in the state of Florida, and the 19th-largest metro area in the United States. ... The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, consisting of the Greater New Orleans region and three addtional parishes which share the perimeter of Lake Ponchartrain, is the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans. ... Not to be confused with Buffalo Niagara Region. ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... Map of Texas highlighting the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. ... The Gold Coast is a region of the state of Connecticut, United States, roughly contiguous with the boundaries of Fairfield County; it derives its regional nickname from Fairfield County being ranked as one of the wealthiest counties in the United States and being the headquarters to most of the hedge... The Wasatch Front is an urban area in the U.S. state of Utah. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 43rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Greater Hartford region is a region located in the state of Connecticut centered around the states capital of Hartford. ... Richmond-Petersburg is a region located in a central part of the state of Virginia in the United States. ... Counties most commonly associated with the Charlote Metro area are in dark red, counties often included are light red, and counties sometimes included are in orange. ... The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN is the 39th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States[1] and the largest metropolitan area in the state of Tennessee, encompassing its north central section. ... The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is a large urban region located in the central part of the state of Oklahoma. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Abilene is located in Taylor County, Texas, United States, in the central portion of the state. ... Albany is a city located in Shackelford County, Texas. ... Alice is a city in Jim Wells County, Texas, United States. ... Alpine is a city located in Brewster County, Texas. ... Amarillo redirects here. ... Anahuac is a city located in Chambers County, Texas. ... Anderson is a city located in Grimes County, Texas. ... Andrews the county seat of Andrews County in the U.S. state of Texas within the West Texas region. ... Angleton is the county seatGR6 of Brazoria County in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan area. ... Anson is a city located in Jones County, Texas. ... Archer City is a city located in Archer County, Texas. ... Aspermont is a town located in Stonewall County, Texas. ... Athens is a city in Henderson County, Texas, in the United States. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... Baird is a city in Callahan County, Texas, United States. ... Ballinger is a city located in Runnels County, Texas. ... Bandera is a city in Bandera County, Texas, United States. ... Historic buildings with quaint shops and restaurants line Main Street in Bastrop. ... Bay City is a city in Matagorda County, Texas, United States. ... Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Counties Settled 1835 Incorporation 1838 Gentilic Beaumonter Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Becky Ames  - City Manager Kyle Hayes  - Mayor Pro - Tem Nancy Beaulieu Area  - City 222. ... Beeville is a city in Bee County, Texas, United States. ... Bellville is a city in Austin County, Texas, United States. ... Belton is a city located in Bell County, Texas. ... Benjamin is a city located in Knox County, Texas. ... Big Lake is a small rural city in Reagan County, Texas, United States. ... UNDER CONSTRUCTION ... Boerne (pronounced ) is a city located in Kendall County, Texas. ... Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. ... Boston is a town in the U.S. state of Texas, and is the county seat of Bowie County. ... Brackettville is a city in Kinney County, Texas, United States. ... Brady is a city in McCulloch County, Texas and the geographical center of the state. ... Breckenridge is a city in Stephens County, Texas, United States. ... Map of the city 1873 Brenham is a city situated in Central Texas in Washington County, Texas, United States, with a population of 13,507 according to the 2000 census. ... Brownfield is a city located in Terry County, Texas. ... Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States, the southernmost city in Texas. ... Brownwood aka The Wood is a city in the heart of Texas, United States and serves as the county seat of Brown CountyGR6. ... Bryan is a city in Brazos County, Texas, United States. ... Burnet is a city in Burnet County, Texas, United States. ... Caldwell is a city located in Burleson County, Texas. ... Cameron is a city located in Milam County, Texas. ... Canton is a city located in Van Zandt County, Texas, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 3,292. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas, USA Coordinates: County Randall Government  - Mayor Quinn Alexander Area  - City 4. ... Carrizo Springs is a city in Dimmit County, Texas, United States. ... Carthage is a city located in Panola County, Texas. ... Center is a city located in Shelby County, Texas. ... Centerville is a city located in Leon County, Texas. ... Channing is a city located in Hartley County, Texas. ... Childress is a city located in Childress County, Texas. ... Clarendon is a city located in Donley County, Texas. ... Clarksville is a city located in Red River County, Texas. ... Claude is a city located in Armstrong County, Texas. ... Cleburne is a city in Johnson County, Texas, United States. ... Coldspring is a city located in San Jacinto County, Texas. ... Coleman is a city located in Coleman County, Texas. ... Colorado City is a city in Mitchell County, Texas, United States. ... Columbus is a city located in Colorado County, Texas. ... Comanche is a city located in Comanche County, Texas. ... The city of Conroe is the county seatGR6 of Montgomery County in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan area. ... Cooper is a city in Delta County, Texas, USA. The population was 2,150 at the 2000 census. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Nueces, San Patricio Government  - Mayor Henry Garrett Area  - City 460. ... Corsicana is a city in Navarro County, Texas, United States. ... Cotulla is a city located in La Salle County, Texas. ... Crane is a city that forms the county seat of Crane County, Texas. ... Crockett is a city in Houston County, Texas, in the United States. ... Crosbyton is a city located in Crosby County, Texas. ... Crowell is a city located in Foard County, Texas. ... Crystal City is a city in Zavala County, Texas, United States. ... Cuero is a city located in DeWitt County, Texas. ... Daingerfield is a town located in Morris County, Texas. ... Dalhart is the county seat of Dallam CountyGR6 in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Del Rio is the county seat of Val Verde CountyGR6,United States. ... Motto: North of Ordinary Location within the state of Texas County Denton County Government  - Mayor Perry McNeill Area  - City 161. ... Dickens is a city located in Dickens County, Texas. ... Dimmitt is a city located in Castro County, Texas. ... Dumas is a city located in Moore County, Texas. ... Map of the city 1887 Eagle Pass is a city in Maverick County, Texas, United States. ... Eastland is a city located in Eastland County, Texas. ... Edinburg is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. ... El Paso redirects here. ... Eldorado is a city located in Schleicher County, Texas. ... Emory is a city in Rains County, Texas, United States. ... Fairfield is a city located in Freestone County, Texas. ... Falfurrias is a city located in Brooks County, Texas. ... Farwell is a city located in Parmer County, Texas. ... Floresville is a city located in Wilson County, Texas. ... Floydada is a city located in Floyd County, Texas. ... Fort Davis is a census-designated place (CDP) in Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant, Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City 298. ... Franklin is a city located in Robertson County, Texas. ... Fredericksburg is a city in Gillespie County, Texas, United States. ... Gail is an unincorporated town located in Borden County, Texas. ... Gainesville is a city in Cooke County, Texas, United States. ... Galveston redirects here. ... Garden City is a town located in Glasscock County, Texas. ... Gatesville is a city located in Coryell County, Texas. ... George West is a city located in Live Oak County, Texas. ... Georgetown is a city in Williamson County, Texas, United States. ... Giddings is a city located in Lee County, Texas. ... Gilmer is a city located in Upshur County, Texas. ... Downtown Glen Rose Glen Rose is a city in Somervell County, Texas, United States. ... Goldthwaite is a city located in Mills County, Texas, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 1,802. ... Goliad is a city in Goliad County, Texas, United States. ... Gonzales is a city located in Gonzales County, Texas. ... Graham is a city in Young County, Texas, USA. The population was 8,716 at the 2000 census. ... Granbury is a city in Hood County, Texas, in the United States. ... Flag of Greenville Greenville is a city in Hunt County, Texas, in the United States. ... Groesbeck is a city located in Limestone County, Texas. ... Groveton is a city located in Trinity County, Texas. ... Guthrie is a town in King County, Texas. ... Hallettsville is a city located in Lavaca County, Texas. ... Hamilton is a city located in Hamilton County, Texas. ... Haskell is a city located in Haskell County, Texas. ... Hebbronville is a census-designated place located in Jim Hogg County, Texas. ... Hemphill is a city located in Sabine County, Texas. ... Hempstead is a city located in Waller County, Texas. ... Henderson is a city located in Rusk County, Texas. ... Henrietta is a city in Clay County, Texas, United States. ... Hereford is a city located in Deaf Smith County, Texas. ... Hillsboro is a city in Hill County, Texas, United States. ... Hondo is a city located in Medina County, Texas. ... 66 Foot Tall Statue of Sam Houston in Huntsville, Texas. ... Jacksboro is a city located in Jack County, Texas. ... Jasper is a city in Jasper County, Texas, on U.S. highways 96 and 190, State Highway 63, and Sandy Creek in north central Jasper County. ... Jayton is a city located in Kent County, Texas. ... Jefferson is a city located in Marion County, Texas. ... Johnson City is a city located in Blanco County, Texas. ... Jourdanton is a city located in Atascosa County, Texas. ... Junction is a city located in Kimble County, Texas. ... Karnes City is a city located in Karnes County, Texas. ... Kaufman is a city in Kaufman County, Texas, USA. The population was 6,490 at the 2000 census. ... Kermit is a city in Winkler County, Texas, United States. ... Kerrville is a city in Kerr County, Texas, United States. ... Kingsville is a city in Kleberg County, Texas, United States. ... Kountze is a city located in Hardin County, Texas. ... La Grange is a city located in Fayette County, Texas. ... Lamesa is a city in Dawson County, Texas, United States. ... Lampasas is a city located in Lampasas County, Texas, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Laredo in Texas Coordinates: , Country State County Webb Settled 1755 Government  - Type Mayor / City Manager  - Mayor Raul G. Salinas  - City Manager Carlos R. Villarreal Area  - City 84. ... Leakey (pronounced LAY-key) is a city in Real County, Texas, United States. ... Levelland is a city located in Hockley County, Texas, in the United States. ... Liberty is the county seat of Liberty CountyGR6 located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan area. ... Linden is a city located in Cass County, Texas. ... Lipscomb is a census-designated place located in Lipscomb County, Texas. ... Littlefield is a city located in Lamb County, Texas. ... Livingston is a town located in Polk County, Texas. ... Llano is a city located in Llano County, Texas. ... Lockhart is a city in Caldwell County, Texas, United States. ... Longview is a city in Texas, United States, located between Dallas, TX and Shreveport, LA. The population was 73,345 at the 2000 census, but a 2005 estimate placed the citys population at 75,609. ... “Lubbock” redirects here. ... Lufkin is a city in Angelina County, Texas, United States. ... Madisonville is a city located in Madison County, Texas. ... Hotel Paisano and the Presidio County courthouse View south from the county courthouse Marfa is a city located in the high desert of far West Texas. ... Marlin is a city located in Falls County, Texas. ... Marshall is a major city of the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Texas. ... Mason is a city located in Mason County, Texas. ... Matador is a town located in Motley County, Texas. ... McKinney is a city in Collin County, Texas (USA), the county seat and second in population to Plano. ... Memphis is a city in Hall County, Texas, in the United States. ... Menard is a city located in Menard County, Texas. ... Mentone is the only town in Loving County, Texas, United States, the least populous county in the U.S. As such it is, of course, the county seat. ... Meridian is a city in Bosque County, Texas, United States. ... Mertzon is a city in and the county seat of Irion County, Texas, United States. ... Miami is a city located in Roberts County, Texas. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Midland Government  - Mayor Mike Canon Area  - City 173. ... Monahans is a city in Texas, United States. ... Montague is a community in central Montague County, Texas. ... Morton is a city located in Cochran County, Texas. ... Mount Pleasant is a city located in Titus County, Texas. ... Mount Vernon is a town located in Franklin County, Texas. ... Muleshoe is a city located in Bailey County, Texas. ... Nacogdoches (pronounced ) is a city in Nacogdoches County, Texas, in the United States. ... Motto: friendship Coordinates: County Comal County Founded 1845 Government  - Mayor Bruce Boyer Area  - City 76. ... Newton is a city located in Newton County, Texas. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Country State County Ector Government  - Mayor Larry Melton Area  - City 36. ... Orange is a city located in Orange County, Texas. ... Ozona is a census-designated place (CDP) in Crockett County, Texas, United States. ... Paducah is a town located in Cottle County, Texas. ... Paint Rock is a town located in Concho County, Texas. ... For other uses, see Palestine (disambiguation). ... Palo Pinto is an unincorporated town located in Palo Pinto County, Texas. ... Panhandle is a town located in Carson County, Texas. ... This article is about the city in Northeast Texas. ... Pearsall is a city located in Frio County, Texas. ... Pecos is a city located in Reeves County, Texas. ... Perryton is a city in Ochiltree County, Texas, United States. ... Pittsburg is a city located in Camp County, Texas. ... Plains is a town located in Yoakum County, Texas. ... Plainview is a city located in Hale County, Texas. ... Port Lavaca is a city located in Calhoun County, Texas. ... Garza County courthouse in Post, with a statue of C. W. Post in front. ... Quanah is a city located in Hardeman County, Texas, 192 miles (309 km) northwest of Fort Worth, Tx. ... Quitman is a city located in Wood County, Texas. ... Rankin is a city located in Upton County, Texas. ... Raymondville is a city located in Willacy County, Texas. ... Refugio is a town in Refugio County, Texas, United States. ... The city of Richmond is the county seat of Fort Bend CountyGR6 in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown metropolitan area. ... Rio Grande City is a city located in Starr County, Texas, United States. ... Robert Lee is a city located in Coke County, Texas. ... Roby is a city located in Fisher County, Texas. ... Rockport is a city in Aransas County, Texas, United States. ... Rocksprings is a town located in Edwards County, Texas. ... Rockwall is a city in Rockwall County, Texas, United States. ... Rusk is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas. ... San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green CountyGR6, Texas, United States. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... San Augustine is a town located in San Augustine County, Texas. ... San Diego is a city located in Texas. ... Image:Marcos. ... San Saba is a town located in San Saba County, Texas. ... Sanderson is a census-designated place located in Terrell County, Texas. ... Sarita is a city located in Kenedy County, Texas. ... Coat of Arms/Seal of Seguin Seguin (pronounced suh-GEEN) is a city located in Guadalupe County, Texas. ... Seminole is a city in Gaines County, Texas, United States. ... Seymour is the county seat and only town in Baylor County, Texas, United StatesGR6. ... Sherman is a city in Grayson County, Texas, United States. ... Sierra Blanca is a census-designated place located in Hudspeth County, Texas, United States. ... Silverton is a city located in Briscoe County, Texas. ... Sinton is a city located in San Patricio County, Texas. ... Snyder is a city in Scurry County, Texas, United States. ... Sonora is a city in Sutton County, Texas, United States. ... Spearman is a city located in Hansford County, Texas. ... Stanton is a city located in Martin County, Texas. ... Stephenville, a city founded in 1856, is in Erath County, Texas, in the United States. ... Sterling City is a city located in Sterling County, Texas. ... Stinnett is a city located in Hutchinson County, Texas. ... Stratford is a city in Sherman County, Texas, United States. ... Sulphur Springs is a city located in Hopkins County, Texas. ... Sweetwater is a city in Nolan County, Texas, United States. ... Tahoka is a city located in Lynn County, Texas. ... Throckmorton is a town located in Throckmorton County, Texas. ... Categories: US geography stubs | McMullen County, Texas ... Tulia is a city in Swisher County, Texas, United States. ... Tyler is the county seat of Smith County in East Texas, United States. ... Uvalde is a city located in Uvalde County, Texas. ... Van Horn is a town located in Culberson County, Texas. ... Vega is a city located in Oldham County, Texas. ... Vernon is a city in Wilbarger County, Texas, United States. ... Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State County Victoria Government  - Mayor Will Armstrong Area  - Total 33. ... For the Branch Davidian siege in Waco, Texas, see Waco Siege. ... Weatherford is a city in Parker County, Texas, United States. ... Wellington is a city located in Collingsworth County, Texas. ... Wharton is a city in Wharton County, Texas, United States. ... Wheeler is a city located in Wheeler County, Texas. ... Wichita Falls is a city in Wichita County, Texas, United States. ... Woodville is a town located in Tyler County, Texas. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Houston, Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7211 words)
Houston is the largest city in the state of Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States.
Houston is located in the gulf coastal plains biome, and its vegetation is classified as temperate grassland.
Houston is one of only five cities in the United States with permanent professional resident companies in all of the major performing arts disciplines: opera (Houston Grand Opera), ballet (Houston Ballet), music (Houston Symphony Orchestra), and theatre (The Alley Theatre).
Houston, Texas - Free Encyclopedia (6486 words)
Houston is the fourth largest city in the United States and is one of the two largest economic areas in Texas.
Uptown Houston is primarily anchored by the Houston Galleria.
Because Houston and Dallas are both the major economic centers of the state, the two cities enjoy a friendly rivalry which causes many of the assets of one city to be compared to the assets of the other city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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