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Encyclopedia > House of Grimaldi
History of Monaco

Rock of Monaco
House of Grimaldi
   List of rulers
Franco-Monegasque Treaty Grimaldi usually refers to House of Grimaldi, the rulers of Monaco. ... The early history of Monaco is primarily concerned with the protective and strategic value of the Rock of Monaco, the areas chief geological landmark, which served first as a shelter for ancient peoples and later as a fortress. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Rock of Monaco has always been a coveted possession, from the nations beggining as the Greek colony of Monoïkos the Ligurian tribes who occupied the area vied for control of it, and before that it was a shelter for primitive populations. ... The following is a chronological list of rulers of Monaco. ... The Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861 granted sovereignty to Monaco. ...

The House of Grimaldi is associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa and of the Principality of Monaco. The Grimaldi family descends from Grimaldo, a Genovese statesman at the time of the first Crusades. He was the son of Otto Canella, a Consul of Genoa in 1133, and in turn Grimaldo became a Consul in 1160, 1170 and again in 1184. His numerous grand-sons and their children led maritime expeditions throughout the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and soon the North Sea, and quickly became one of the most powerful families of Genoa. The Republic of Genoa, in full the Most Serene Republic of Genoa (known as the Ligurian Republic from 1798 to 1805) was an independent state in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast from ca. ... A principality is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a Monarch with the title of prince or princess (a synonym is princedom) or (in the widest sense) a Monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince. ... Grimaldo Canella was a son of Otto Canella and Consul of Genoa in 1162, 1170, and 1184. ... The Siege of Antioch, from a medieval miniature painting, during the First Crusade. ... Otto Canella (d. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...


The Grimaldis feared that the head of a rival Genoese family could break the fragile balance of power in a political coup and become lord of Genoa, as it happened in other Italian cities. They entered into a Guelphic alliance with the Fieschi family and defended their interests with the sword. The Guelfs however were banned from the City in 1271, and found refuge in their castles of Liguria and in Provence. They signed a treaty with Charles of Anjou, King of Naples and Count of Provence, to retake control of Genoa, and generally to provide mutual assistance. In 1276, they accepted a peace under the auspices of the Pope, which however did not put an end to the civil war. Not all the Grimaldis chose to return to Genoa, as they preferred to settle in their fiefdoms, where they could raise armies. The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy during the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Count Fieschi Giovanni Luigi Fieschi (or Fiesco) (c. ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... Charles I (March 1227 - January 7, 1285) was the posthumous son of King Louis VIII of France, created Count of Anjou by his elder brother King Louis IX in 1246, thus founding the second Angevin dynasty. ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... The now-extinct title of Count of Provence belonged to local families of Frankish origin, to the House of Barcelona, to the House of Anjou and to a cadet branch of the House of Valois. ... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud, feoff, or fee, often consisted of inheritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a form of allegiance, originally to give him the means to fulfill his military duties when called upon. ...


In 1299, the Grimaldis and their allies launched a few galleys to attack the port of Genoa before taking refuge on the Western Riviera. During the following years, the Grimaldis were going to enter into different alliances that would allow them to come back in force. This time, it was the turn of their rivals, the Spinola family, to be banned from the City. During all that period, both Guelfs and Ghibellines took and abandoned the castle of Monaco, which was ideally located to launch political and military operations against Genoa. Therefore, the story of Francis Grimaldi and his faction – who conquered the castle of Monaco under the disguise of friars in 1297 – is largely anecdotal. Liguria and the Italian Riviera Portofino’s small harbour on the Italian Riviera The Italian Rivera ( ) is the narrow coastal strip which lies between the Ligurian Sea and the mountain chain formed by the Maritime Alps and the Apennines. ... Spinola is a generic name for what may be digested from press releases. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy during the 12th and 13th centuries. ... François Grimaldi (François Malizia - the Cunning) was the leader of the Guelphs who captured the Rock of Monaco on the night of January 8, 1297. ...


In the early 14th century, the Catalans from Spain raided the shores of Provence and Liguria, challenging Genoa and King Robert of Provence. In 1353, the combined fleet of eighty Venetian and Catalonian galleys gathered in Sardinia to meet the fleet of sixty galleys under the command of Anthony Grimaldi. Only nineteen Genoese vessels survived the battle. Fearing an invasion, Genoa rushed to request the protection of the lord of Milan. This article is about the historic territory. ... Robert of Anjou, known as Robert the Wise (Italian: Roberto il Saggio, 1277 - 20 January 1343) was King of Naples from 1309 to 1343. ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ... This article is about the historic territory. ... A French galley and Dutch men-of-war off a port by Abraham Willaerts, painted 17th century. ... Cagliari, the chief town. ... Visconti was a noble family that ruled Milan during the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance period. ...


Several of the oldest feudal branches of the House of Grimaldi appeared during those unrests, such as the branches of Antibes, Beuil, Nice, Puget, and Sicily. In 1395, the Grimaldis took advantage of the discords in Genoa to take possession of Monaco, which they then ruled as a condominium. It is the origin of today's principality. Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm) is a resort town of southeastern France, on the Mediterranean Sea in the Côte dAzur, located between Cannes and Nice. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Puget is a commune of the Vaucluse département in southern France. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... In international law, a condominium is a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights. ...


As it was customary in Genoa, the Grimaldis organized their family ties within a corporation called Albergo. In the political reform of 1528, this ancient family became one of the 28 alberghi of the Republic of Genoa, to which other families were formally invited to join. The House of Grimaldi provided many illustrious personalities such as doges, cardinals, cabinet ministers, and countless officers. Flag of Genoa. ... The coat of arms of a Cardinal are indicated by a red galero (wide-brimmed hat) with 15 tassels on each side (the motto and escutcheon are proper to the individual Cardinal). ...


Until 2002, a treaty between Monaco and France stated that if the Grimaldi family ever failed to produce a male heir that the sovereignty over the territory would revert to France. The 2002 agreement modified this to make provisions for a regency and continued Monegasque sovereignty if such an event were to occur. Also see: 2002 (number). ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...


The coat of arms of the House of Grimaldi are simply described as fusily argent and gules, i.e., a pattern of red diamonds on a white background. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...

Contents

Select list of Grimaldis

Grimaldo Canella was a son of Otto Canella and Consul of Genoa in 1162, 1170, and 1184. ... Rainier I of Monaco (1267 - 1314) was the first sovereign Grimaldi ruler of the area now known as Monaco. ... Charles I of Monaco (died August 15, 1357), was the first true Lord of Monaco, and is thus widely considered the founder of the dynasty. ... Lamberto Grimaldi (March 16, 1458 – March 1494) was a Lord of Monaco he was married to his cousin Claudia Grimaldi in 1465 in order to secure the Grimaldi inheritance of Monaco which by the small states constitution could only pass to male heirs. ... See also Cardinal Grimaldi disambiguation page Girolamo Grimaldi-Cavalleroni (1597 - 1685) Girolamo Grimaldi-Cavalleroni (1597 - 1685) was a Cardinal of the Roman catholic Church and Archbishop of Aix. ... Girolamo, Cardinal Grimaldi (1674-1733) was baptized in Genoa on November 15, 1674. ... Honoré II (24 December 1597-10 January 1662) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... Prince Honoré III (November 10, 1720-March 21, 1795) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. ... Born in 1697, she is the ancestress of the current reigning royal family of Monaco. ... Prince Honoré III (November 10, 1720-March 21, 1795) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. ... Prince Honoré III (November 10, 1720-March 21, 1795) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. ... Honoré IV (May 17, 1758-February 16, 1819) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... Honoré V (May 14, 1778 in Paris, France -October 2, 1841) was Sovereign Prince of Monaco. ... Florestan I (October 10, 1785 in Paris, France –June 20, 1856) was Prince of Monaco from October 2, 1841 until his death. ... Charles III, Prince of Monaco (8 December 1818 – 10 September 1889) was reigning Prince of Monaco from 20 June 1856 to his death. ... Albert I, Prince of Monaco (13 November 1848 – 26 June 1922) was the reigning Prince of Monaco from 10 September 1889 until his death. ... Louis II of Monaco (July 12, 1870 – May 9, 1949) was the Sovereign Prince of Monaco from June 26, 1922 until May 9, 1949. ... Prince Pierre Grimaldi, duc de Valentinois, comte de Polignac (born Count Pierre Marie Xavier Raphael Antoine Melchior de Polignac) (24 October 1895 – 10 November 1964), was son of Count Maxence de Polignac (1857-1936) and his Mexican-born Spanish wife, Susana de la Torre y Mier (1858-1913). ... Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi; 31 May 1923 – 6 April 2005), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost fifty-six years, making him one of the longest ruling monarchs of the 20th century. ... Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born 14 March 1958), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the current ruler of the Principality of Monaco. ... Princess Stéphanie of Monaco. ... Caroline Louise Marguerite, The Princess of Hanover, Hereditary Princess of Monaco (Caroline Louise Marguerite Prinzessin von Hannover, Erbprinzessin von Monaco), formally styled Her Royal Highness The Princess of Hanover [1], (born 23 January 1957) is the eldest child of Prince Rainier III of Monaco and his wife, the former American...

Further reading

  • Edwards, Anne. The Grimaldis of Monaco. William Morrow, 1992.
  • Maclaga, Michael and Louda, Jiri. LINES OF SUCCESSION; Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe. MacDonald & Co., 1981; Little, Brown & Co., 1999; Time Warner Books, UK, 2002 ISBN 0-7607-3287-6

External links

  • The House of Grimaldi - History and Genealogy
  • Grimaldi family tree
  • Chateau Grimaldi - home of the 17th-century Cardinal Grimaldi

See also


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The House of Grimaldi is associated with the history of the Republic of Genoa and of the Principality of Monaco.
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Grimaldo, consul of the Republic of Genoa, founder of this House.
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