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Encyclopedia > House of Este

For Tolkien's fictional character, see Estë Estë is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkiens universe, Middle-earth. ...


To know more about the city, see Este


The House of Este is a European princely dynasty. It is split into two branches: the elder branch is known as the House of Welf-Este or House of Welf, and the younger branch as the House of Fulc-Este or later simply as the House of Este. A dynasty is a family or extended family which retains political power across generations, or more generally, any organization which extends dominance in its field even as its particular members change. ...


The elder branch of the House of Este, the House of Welf, produced dukes of Bavaria (1070-1139, 1156-1180), dukes of Saxony (1138-1139, 1142-1180), a German king (1198-1218), dukes and electors of Brunswick and Lüneburg (1208-1918), kings of Hanover (1815-1866), and kings of Great Britain (1714-1901). With an area of (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... Events Alphonso I (Afonso Henriques) becomes first king of Portugal Second Council of the Lateran Births Emperor Konoe of Japan Deaths Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony Categories: 1139 ... Events Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ... For other uses, see number 1138. ... Events Alphonso I (Afonso Henriques) becomes first king of Portugal Second Council of the Lateran Births Emperor Konoe of Japan Deaths Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony Categories: 1139 ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Sutoku of Japan Emperor Konoe ascends to the throne of Japan Henry the Lion becomes Duke of Saxony Births Muin ad-Din Hasan, Indian Muslim saint Farid ad-Din Attar, Sufi mystic poet Deaths April 21 - Pierre Abélard, French scholastic philosopher (b. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... Events Philip of Swabia King of Germany and rival Holy Roman Emperor to Otto IV, assassinated June 21 in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Hanover (German: Hannover) is an historical territory in todays Germany. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The younger branch of the House of Este included rulers of Ferrara (12401597), and Modena and Reggio (12881796). Ferrara, a town, an archiepiscopal see and a province in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... Events January 24 - Battle of Turnhout. ... Location within Italy Modena is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Reggio Emilia is a town of North Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region. ... Events February 22 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ...


Origins

The origins of the family, of Frankish nobility, date back to the time of Charlemagne in the early 9th century when they settled in Lombardy. Alberto Azzo d'Este II (996-1097) built a castle at Este, near Padua, and named himself after it. He had three sons from two marriages, two of whom became the ancestors of the two branches of the family: Franks can refer to: in medieval European history, the Frankish people, Germanic tribes who entered the Roman Empire from Frisia in the first five centuries AD in medieval Middle Eastern history, the Crusaders, or more broadly any persons originating in Catholic western Europe. ... Charlemagne is also the name of a column in The Economist on European affairs Charlemagne (c. ... This earthenware dish was made in 9th century Iraq. ... Lombardy (in Italian Lombardia) is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po Valley. ... Location within Italy Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua The city of Padua (Lat. ...

  • Welf IV, the eldest (d. 1101), was the son of Kunigunde (d. 1056), the last of the Elder Welfs. He succeeded his maternal uncle, Welf III, as duke of Carinthia, became duke of Bavaria in 1070, and is the ancestor of the elder branch, the House of Welf.
  • Hugo, issue of Azzo's second marriage to Garsend of Maine, inherited the county of Maine, his mother's dowry, but sold it one year later and died without heirs.
  • Fulco I (d. about 1128/35), the third son, is the ancestor of the younger Italian line of Fulc-Este.

The two surviving branches, with Duke Henry the Lion of Saxony and Bavaria on the German side, concluded an agreement in 1154 which allocated the family's Italian possessions to the younger line, the Fulc-Este, who in the course of time acquired Ferrara, Modena und Reggio. Este itself was taken over in 1275 by Padua and in 1405 (together with Padua) by Venice. Welf I (died about 9 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. ... Carinthia (Kärnten in German, Koroška in Slovenian) can refer to: Carinthia - a federal state of Austria Carinthia - an informal province in Slovenia Carinthia - a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire and crownland of Austria_Hungary Karantania - the first Slovenian state This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... With an area of (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... State nickname: The Pine Tree State Other U.S. States Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Governor John Baldacci (D) Official languages None Area 86,542 km² (39th)  - Land 80,005 km²  - Water 11,724 km² (13. ... Henry the Lion (face of statue on his tomb in Brunswick Cathedral) Henry the Lion (1129 - August 6, 1195; in German, Heinrich der Löwe) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony as Henry III since 1142, and Duke of Bavaria as Henry XII since 1156... Events King Stephen of England dies at Dover, and is succeeded by his adopted son Henry Plantagenet who becomes King Henry II of England, aged 21. ... Location within Italy Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua The city of Padua (Lat. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′ N 12°19′ E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ...


Younger branch

All later generations of the Italian branch descend from Fulco d'Este. From 1171 on, his descendants were titled Margraves of Este. Obizzo I (d. 1193), the first margrave, battled against Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. His nephew Azzo d'Este VI (1170-1212) became podesta of Mantova and Verona. Ferrara was acquired by his son Azzo VII (1205-1264). Obizzo II (d. 1293) was proclaimed Lord of Ferrara in 1264, Lord of Modena 1288 and Lord of Reggio 1289. Ferrara being a papal fief, the Este family were given papal vicar position 1332. Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen (1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is a city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Map of Italy showing Verona in the north Verona (population est. ... Location within Italy Modena is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Reggio is the name of two Italian towns: Reggio Emilia, in the North, sometimes called Reggio nell Emilia or, in ancient times, Reggio di Lombardia or Reggio di Modena Reggio Calabria, in the South (also called Reggio di Calabria) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other...


Ferrara became a significant center of culture under Niccolò d'Este III (1384-1441) and his successors, notably Leonello (1407-1450) and Borso (1413-1471). Borso was elevated to Duke of Modena and Reggio by Emperor Frederick III in 1452 and in return received these duchies as imperial fiefs. In 1471 he received the duchy of Ferrara as papal fief from Pope Paul II. Detail of Aeneas Piccolomini Introduces Eleonora of Portugal to Frederick III by Pinturicchio (1454-1513) Frederick III of Habsburg (born September 21 in Innsbruck, 1415; died August 19, 1493 in Linz) was elected as German King as the successor of Albert II in 1440. ... Pope Paul II, né Pietro Barbo (February 23, 1418 - July 26, 1471), was pope from 1464 to 1471. ...


Ercole's (1431-1505) daughter Beatrice (1475-1497) married Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milano, while his daughter Isabella (1474-1539) married Francesco Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua. Ercole I's successor was his son Alfonso I (1476-1534), third husband of Lucrezia Borgia. Alfonso's son Ercole d'Este II (1508-1559) married Renée, daughter of Louis XII of France. The legitimate line ended in 1597 with the death of Alfonso II, son of Ercole II, but Emperor Rudolph II recognized as heir his cousin Cesare d'Este (1533-1628), member of a cadet branch, who continued to rule in the imperial duchies and carried on the family name. Ferrara, on the other hand, was annexed in 1598 by Pope Clement VIII on grounds of doubtful legitimacy and incorporated into the Papal States. Probably most important Duke of Ferrara from the house of Este. ... Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan. ... This is about the Italian city of Milan. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is a city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Lucrezia Borgia Lucrezia Borgia (or Lucrecia Borgia) (April 14 or April 18, 1480 - June 24, 1519) was the daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, the powerful Renaissance Spaniard who would later become Pope Alexander VI. Her brother was the notorious despot Cesare Borgia. ... Louis XII Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 - January 1, 1515) was King of France from 1498-January 1, 1515. ... Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II Rudolf II Habsburg was an emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, king of Bohemia, and king of Hungary. ... This article refers to the general definition of cadet. ... Clement, in the monument in Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, erected by his Borghese heirs Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini (March 1536 - March 5, 1605) was pope from 1592 to 1605. ... The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, States of the Church) was one of the historical states of Italy before the peninsula was unified under the crown of Savoy. ...


The last duke, Ercole III, was deposed in 1796 by the French and his two duchies became the Cispadane Republic which one year later was merged into the Cisalpine Republic and then into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy. Ercole was compensated in 1801 with the small principality of Breisgau in southwestern Germany, whose previous rulers, the Habsburgs, ceded it to him in anticipation of its eventual return to the Habsburgs, since Ercole's daughter Mary Beatrice d'Este was married to a cadet Habsburg, Archduke Ferdinand. Ercole died in 1803 and Breisgau passed to his daughter and her husband, who then (1806) lost it during the Napoleonic reorganization of the western territories of the defunct Holy Roman Empire to the enlarged and elevated Grand Duchy of Baden. 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... Flag of the Repubblica Cispadana The Cispadane Republic (Repubblica Cispadana) was a short-lived republic located in Northen Italy, founded in 1796 with the protection of the French army, led by Napoleon Bonaparte. ... The flag of the Cisalpine Republic was the Transpadane Republic vertical Italian tricolour, with the square shape of the Cispadane Republic The Cisalpine Republic (Italian: Repubblica Cisalpina) was a French client republic in Northern Italy that lasted from 1797 to 1802. ... Breisgau is the name of a landscape in southwest Germany, placed between the river Rhine and the foothills of the Black Forest near Freiburg im Breisgau in the state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Beatrice dEste was an Italian noblewomanwho was honored for her writing and supported writers and artists ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This page is about the Germanic empire. ... Baden was a territory in the southwest of what later became unified Germany. ...


In 1814, when French rule in Italy ended (but after the death of Duke Ercole), Modena was returned to his daughter Mary Beatrice and her son, Archduke Francis of Austria-Este. The family thus ruled the duchy of Modena and Reggio again from 1814 to 1859, using the names Asburgo-Este (Habsburg-Este) and Austria-Este. In 1859 the duchy lost its independence to the new united Italy, and Francesco V, the last duke, was deposed. 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Austria-Este is now the surname, and a sort of title, which purports to continue the tradition of the extinguished Italian princely and feudal family of Este, as well as their Duchy of Modena. ... Duke Francis V of Modena (Italian: Francesco V dEste) (1819–1875) was born June 1, 1819, the eldest son of Francis IV of Modena and of Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy. ...


The family of Austria-Este became extinct in the male line with the death of Francesco V in 1875. His blood-heiress was his niece, Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria-Este (d. 1919); she and her husband, Prince Louis of Bavaria, later became Queen and King of Bavaria). The present head of this branch of the family is Franz, Duke of Bavaria. With an area of (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern (born July 14, 1933), styled as His Royal Highness The Duke of Bavaria, is head of the Wittelsbach family, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria. ...


However, Francesco V had decided to retain the Este name in the Habsburg family and willed his inheritance to the line of Archduke Charles Louis, younger brother of Emperor Francis Joseph, on condition that the heir use the name Austria-Este. The first "adoptee" was Archduke Francis Ferdinand (b. 1863, not descended from Mary Beatrice d'Este), who took the name Austria-Este and in 1896 became the heir presumptive of the Habsburg Empire, but was murdered on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo. Since his own children were born in morganatic marriage (Hohenberg), the Habsburgs designated his soon-to-be born great-nephew Robert (b. 8 Feb 1915), second son of the future emperor Charles, as the next "adopted Austria-Este". Through his mother Zita of Bourbon-Parma (a great-granddaughter of Teresa of Savoy, Duchess of Lucca and Parma, who was a daughter of Teresa of Modena, Queen of Sardinia, who in turn was a daughter of Mary Beatrice d'Este and Ferdinand of Austria, Duchess and Duke of Breisgau and Modena), Robert was a descendant of Ercole d'Este III, and the blood of last Este dukes thus joined again with the name Austria-Este. Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ... Austria-Este is now the surname, and a sort of title, which purports to continue the tradition of the extinguished Italian princely and feudal family of Este, as well as their Duchy of Modena. ... An Heir Presumptive (capitalised) is the person provisionally scheduled to inherit a throne but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an Heir Apparent or of a new Heir Presumptive with a better claim to the throne. ... (in German: von Hohenberg). ... From left to right: Otto von Habsburg, his son Karl, Cardinal Mindszenty and Ottos mother Zita in 1972 Zita of Bourbon-Parma (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma) (May 9, 1892 - March 14, 1989) was the last Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. ... Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton Joseph Johann Stanislaus of Austria-Este ( 1 June 1754- 24 December 1806), was the fourth son and fourteenth child of Franz I and Maria Theresa, became heir to the Duchies of Modena and Reggio through his marriage on 15 October 1771 to Beatrice d Este, the...


Today, the bearer of this tradition is the eldest son of Archduke Robert of Austria-Este (d. 1996), Lorenz Otto Charles of Austria-Este (b. 1955), who is married to Princess Astrid of Belgium, the only daughter of King Albert II. In 1995, Lorenz received the additional title of Prince of Belgium. Since 1991 the couple's children are titled Archduke (Archduchess) of Austria-Este and Prince(ss) of Belgium. Eldest of these is Prince Amedeo, Archduke of Austria-Este(b. 1986). His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz Otto Carl Amadeus Thadeus Maria Pius Andreas Marcus dAviano of Belgium, Duke of Este, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, was born on December 16, 1955 in Clinique du Belvédère, Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts... Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Astrid, Archduchess of Austria_Este (Astrid Josephine_Charlotte Fabrizia Elisabeth Paola Maria), styled HRH Princess Astrid, was born on June 5, 1962, in Brussels, Belgium, to King Albert II and Queen Paola of Belgium. ... Albert II is the name of several historical people: Albert II of Austria ( 1298 - 1348) Albert II of Belgium ( 1934 - ), King of the Belgians Albert II of Gorizia Albert II of Habsburg ( 1397 - 1439), German ruler and King of the Romans Albert II of Monaco ( 1958 - ), Sovereign Prince of Monaco... His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Amedeo Marie Joseph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus dAviano of Belgium, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, was born on February 21, 1986 in Woluwe-St-Lambert/Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe, Belgium (near Brussels) as the oldest...


See also:

List of the Lords and Dukes of Ferrara and Modena In 1452 the Italian family of Este, Lords of Ferrara, were created Dukes of Modena and Reggio, becoming Dukes of Ferrara also in 1471. ... List of the Lords and Dukes of Ferrara and Modena In 1452 the Italian family of Este, Lords of Ferrara, were created Dukes of Modena and Reggio, becoming Dukes of Ferrara also in 1471. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Este - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1275 words)
The House of Este is a European princely dynasty.
It is split into two branches: the elder branch is known as the House of Welf-Este or House of Welf, and the younger branch as the House of Fulc-Este or later simply as the House of Este.
The elder branch of the House of Este, the House of Welf, produced dukes of Bavaria (1070–1139, 1156–1180), dukes of Saxony (1138–1139, 1142–1180), a German king (1198–1218), dukes and electors of Brunswick and Lüneburg (1208–1918), kings of Hanover (1815–1866), and monarchs of the United Kingdom (1714–1901).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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