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Encyclopedia > House of Braganza

The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. IPA: [bɾɐ.'ɣɐ̃.sɐ]) is the name of a royal dynasty, which ruled Portugal from 1640 to 1910 and the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889. Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Empire of Brazil is a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, dissolved and replaced by a republic in 1889. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


It is a collateral line of the House of Aviz, which ruled Portugal from 1385 until the Habsburg seizure of the Portuguese throne in 1580. Afonso, an illegitimate son of King João I of Portugal, was given the duchy of Bragança in 1442, which gave the dynasty its name. The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... This is a list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, the Patriot, or... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461; pron. ... João I (pron. ... Bragança (pron. ... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ...

Contents

Dukes

The House of Bragança was an illegitimate collateral line of the House of Aviz. An illegitimate son of King João I of Portugal, Afonso, count of Barcelos was given the duchy of Braganza in 1442. Afonso's mother, Inês Pires, is considered by some to be of Jewish converso origin[1]. The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... João I (pron. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461; pron. ... The Duchy of Bragança or Braganza is one of the most important titles of the Portuguese Royal Family. ... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... Converso (Spanish and Portuguese for a convert, from Latin conversus, converted, turned around) and its feminine form conversa referred to Jews or Muslims or the descendants of Jews or Muslims who had converted, sometimes unwillingly, to Catholicism in Spain and Portugal, particularly during the 1300s and 1400s. ...


The Braganças became very rich and influential in the 16th century. Portugal was overrun in 1580 by Spanish forces sent by Philip II of Spain. In 1640 João II, Duke of Bragança, led a rebellion against the Spaniards and was proclaimed King of Portugal. Under João's sons Afonso VI and Pedro II, the Portuguese colonial empire, part of which was lost during the Spanish occupation, was restored and expanded, bringing new wealth to Portugal. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese João IV) (March 1603 - November 6, 1656), the Restoring King (Port. ... The Duchy of Bragança or Braganza is one of the most important titles of the Portuguese Royal Family. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro), the Pacific (April 26, 1648–December 9, 1706), Regent (1668–1683) and King of Portugal (1683–1706). ... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ...


The Duchy of Bragança, a Royal Dukedom, was created in 1442 by king Afonso V of Portugal for his uncle Afonso, Count of Barcelos (natural son of John I of Portugal). Along with the duchies of Coimbra and Viseu created by João I for his sons Dom Pedro and Dom Henrique after their capture of Ceuta from the Moors in 1415, it is one of the first duchies of Portugal. There is a total of 28 dukedoms in Portugal. ... Afonso V of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461) was the eighth Count of Bracelos and the first Duke of Braganza. ... João I (pron. ... Duke of Viseu (in portuguese Duque de Viseu) was an aristocratic Portuguese title with the level of Royal Dukedom, that is, associated with the Portuguese Royal House, created in 1415, by King John I of Portugal to the prince Henry the Navigator. ... João I (pron. ... Area  â€“ Total   28 km² Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  75,276  2688. ...


The Braganças soon became the most powerful house of the kingdom, due to the enrichment methods of Afonso, the first duke. He always sought royal favour with his father king João (John I) and his younger brother (King Duarte). When his six-year-old nephew became King Afonso V of Portugal, Afonso of Braganza was the king's most cherished councillor. This would provoke a short civil war against his brother, Pedro, Duke of Coimbra, that resulted in the latter's death in the Battle of Alfarrobeira in 1449. João, the Portuguese form of the name John, is the name of several Portuguese Kings and Princes: Kings: João I of Portugal João II of Portugal João III of Portugal João IV of Portugal João V of Portugal João VI of Portugal Princes... Edward of Portugal (Duarte, in Portuguese), the Philosopher, eleventh king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Afonso V of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Pedro, Duke of Coimbra Pedro, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra (pron. ... The Battle of Alfarrobeira took place on May 20, 1449. ...


The growing power of the Braganças was suppressed in the next generation. King João II was very strict on what royal power should be, and not too keen on allowing the development of competing principalities within his own borders. In 1483 he executed in Évora the third duke, Fernando II, for treason, based on letters written to the king of Castile, as well as executed the duke of Viseu. Later the king annexed the Bragança lands and riches to the crown and exiled the four-year-old heir, Jaime, to Castile. John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Central  - District or A.R. Évora Mayor Ernesto Oliveira  - Party PS Area 1,307. ... The title Duke of Braganza in the House of Braganza is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal, as the ancient Duchy of Braganza (Bragança), is one of the oldest and most important Dukedoms of Portugal. ...


João II's successor, King Manuel I of Portugal was uncle of Jaime and, in 1500, he recalled his nephew to Portugal, returning to him the titles and (part of) the lands of Bragança. The house was once again one of the highest and mightiest in the country. Jaime of Bragança ordered the construction of a monumental Palace at Vila Viçosa, which would become one of the royal palaces in the 17th century. Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Coat of Arms Vila Viçosa is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 195. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


The sixth duke, João, married Princess Catarina of Portugal and sired the courageous seventh duke Teodósio, who allegedly fought actively in the Battle of Alcacer Quibir (1578) when only ten years old. Teodósio II of Bragança, (1568, Vila Viçosa - 1630) was the 7th Duke of Bragança. ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ...


Meanwhile, the Portuguese kingdom was in crisis. King Sebastian I of Portugal disappeared from the face of the earth in Africa in 1578. He was unmarried, childless and the crown passed to his great-uncle Cardinal Henry I of Portugal, an old man without children himself. On Henry I's death in 1580, King Philip II of Spain became Philip I of Portugal and the country lost its independence. Infanta dona Catarina, Duchess of Braganza, made claim to the throne but was denied, mostly due to her gender. Her late elder sister, the Duchess of Parma, had left a son, Rainuccio of Parma (Farnese) who would have been the senior heir of Portugal, but who was underage, lived in Italy, and whose family was Philip's allies and even subjects. Dona Catarina and her husband Duke Joao had the combined claim of Catarina herself and of Joao's great-grandmother, king Manuel's sister. Philip had the right of his mother Isabella, a daughter of Manuel I and sister of Catarina's father and sister of Henry. Sebastião I (January 20, 1554 - August 4, 1578) was a King of Portugal. ... Henry, the cardinal or Henrique (in Portuguese) (January 31, 1512 - January 31, 1580), was the seventeenth King of Portugal between 1578 and 1580. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King...


By 1640, the wise policies of Philip II in respect of Portugal were long past. The country was overtaxed, Portuguese overseas possessions were left unprotected and the Spanish king, Philip IV of Spain (III of Portugal), no longer had the trust or support of the majority of the Portuguese nobility. He was especially loathed by the powerful Portuguese guild of merchants. Portugal was on the verge of rebellion and a new Portuguese king had to be found. The choice fell upon the eighth duke, João II of Bragança, who had a claim both through his grandmother, Princess Catarina, and through his great-great-grandfather, the 4th duke, nephew of King Manuel. The duke was a modest man without particular ambitions to the crown. Legend says that his wife, Leonor of Guzman, daughter of the duke of Medina-Sidónia, urged him to accept the offer saying, I'd rather be Queen for one day than duchess for a lifetime. He accepted the leadership of the rebellion, which was successful, and was acclaimed João IV of Portugal on December 1, 1640. John IV of Portugal (Portuguese João IV) (March 1603 - November 6, 1656), the Restoring King (Port. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ...


After the accession of the Braganças to the throne, the duchy was linked to the Crown and the Duke of Bragança became the traditional title of the heir to the Crown, together with or alternate to Prince of Beira, much as Prince of Wales is in the United Kingdom. Beira can mean one of the following: In the Celtic mythology of Scotland, Beira (mythology) was mother to all the gods and goddesses. ... The Prince of Wales Feathers. This Heraldic badge of the Heir Apparent is derived from the ostrich feathers borne by Edward, the Black Prince. ...


Kings

Portuguese Royalty
House of Braganza

John IV
Children include
   Teodósio, Prince of Brazil
   Joana, Princess of Beira
   Infanta Catarina, Queen of England
   Afonso, Prince of Brazil (future Afonso VI)
   Infante Pedro, Duke of Beja (future Peter II)
Afonso VI
Peter II
Children include
   Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira
   João, Prince of Brazil (future John V)
   Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja
   Infante António
   Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém
   Infanta Francisca Josefa
   Luísa, Duchess of Cadaval (natural daughter)
   José, Archbishop of Braga (natural son)
John V
Children include
   Infanta Maria Bárbara, Queen of Spain
   José, Prince of Brazil (future Joseph I)
   Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future Peter III)
Joseph I
Children include
   Maria Francisca, Princess of Beira (future Maria I)
   Infanta Maria Ana Francisca Josefa
   Infanta Maria Francisca Doroteia
    Benedita, Dowager Princess of Brazil
Maria I and Peter III
Children include
   José, Prince of Brazil
   João, Prince of Brazil (future John VI)
   Infanta Mariana
John VI
Children include
   Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira
   Infanta Maria Isabel, Queen of Spain
   Infante Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future Pedro IV (I of Brazil)
   Infanta Maria Francisca, Countess of Molina
   Infanta Isabel Maria
   Infante Miguel, Duke of Braganza (future Miguel I)
   Infanta Maria da Assunção
   Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria, Duchess of Loulé
Pedro IV (I of Brazil)
Children include
   Infanta Maria da Glória, Duchess of Porto (future Maria II)
   Januária, Princess Imperial of Brazil
   Princess Francisca, Princess de Joinville
   Prince Peter (Pedro II of Brazil)
Michael I
Children include
   Infanta Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime
   Miguel II, Duke of Braganza
   Infanta Teresa, Archduchess of Austria
   Infanta Maria Josefa, Duchess in Bavaria
   Infanta Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães, Countess di Bardi
   Infanta Maria Ana, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
   Infanta Maria Antónia, Duchess of Parma
Grandchildren include
   Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
Maria II and Ferdinand II
Children include
   Pedro, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (future Pedro V)
   Infante Luís, Duke of Porto (future Luís I)
   Infante João, Duke of Beja
   Infanta Maria Ana
   Infanta Antónia, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
   Infante Augusto, Duke of Coimbra
Grandchildren include
   Carlos, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (future Carlos I)
Great-grandchildren include
   Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel II)

The Braganças became very rich and influential in the 16th century. Portugal was overrun in 1580 by Spanish forces sent by Philip II of Spain. In 1640 João II, Duke of Bragança, led a rebellion against the Spaniards and was proclaimed King of Portugal. Image File history File links Casa_de_Bragança. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Teodósio of Braganza or Teodósio of Portugal was a Portuguese Prince son of John IV of Portugal (first king of the House of Braganza) and his wife Luiza de Guzman (Luísa de Gusmão). ... Joan of Portugal or Joan of Braganza, Princess of Beira (1635-53, Portuguese: Joana, pron. ... Catherine of Braganza (November 25, 1638 – November 30, 1705) (Catherine Henrietta, Portuguese: Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança), was the queen consort of King Charles II of England. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Isabel Luísa Josefa (pron. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Francis of Braganza or Francis of Portugal (Portuguese: Francisco, pron. ... Anthony of Portugal or Anthony of Braganza (Portuguese: António, pron. ... Manuel of Braganza or Manuel of Portugal (pron. ... Francisca Josefa of Braganza (pron. ... Luísa of Portugal, Duchess of Cadaval (English: Louise; Lisbon, January 9, 1679-Évora, December 23, 1732) was a natural daughter of Portuguese King Peter II and a Portuguese lady named Maria da Cruz Mascarenhas. ... José of Braganza, Archbishop of Braga (English: Joseph; Lisbon, May 6, 1703-Ponte de Lima, June 3, 1756) was a natural son of Portuguese King Peter II and a Portuguese lady named Francisca Clara da Silva. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Barbara of Braganza (pron. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Mariana Francisca Josefa of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca Doroteia of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca Benedita of Braganza (pron. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Joseph of Braganza (full name: José Francisco Xavier de Paula Domingos António Agostinho Anastácio de Bragança, pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Mariana Vitória Josefa or Maria Ana Vitória Josefa (pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Princesa dona Maria Teresa of Braganza (pron. ... The Queen Isabel of Spain, Infanta of Portugal. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Maria Francisca de Assis of Braganza (pron. ... Isabel Maria of Braganza and Borbón (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Maria da Assunção of Braganza (pron. ... Ana de Jesus Maria of Braganza (pron. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... Francisca Carolina of Bragança (pron. ... Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Miguel II of Bragança (pron. ... Grand Duchess Marie Anne, Maria Anna, Maria Ana de Braganca, of Portugal (Schloss Bronnbach 13 July 1861 - New York 31 July 1942) was Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg and its Regent. ... Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza (September 23, 1907-December 24, 1976), IPA pron. ... Duarte, Duke of Braganza (born May 15, 1945, Berne), pron. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was consort king of Portugal and Algarves following his marriage to Queen Maria II in 1836. ... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Luis I, King of Portugal (October 31, 1838 – October 19, 1889) was the second son of Maria II da Glória and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... John of Braganza (Portuguese: João, pron. ... Maria Ana of Braganza, dona Maria Ana Fernanda Leopoldina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Carlota Antónia Júlia Vitória Praxedes Francisca de Assis Gonzaga, pron. ... Antónia of Braganza (Lisbon, February 17, 1845-Sigmaringen, December 27, 1913), pron. ... Augustus of Braganza (Portuguese: Augusto, pron. ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG RVC (pron. ... Luís Filipe of the house of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (in English Louis Philip) was born in Lisbon, on March 21, 1887. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II (English: Emanuel II), the Patriot Port. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese João IV) (March 1603 - November 6, 1656), the Restoring King (Port. ... The Duchy of Bragança or Braganza is one of the most important titles of the Portuguese Royal Family. ...


The zenith of the Bragança dynasty was reached under the long reign of João V (1706-1750), who ruled with grandeur and piety. The reign of José I, son of João V, was characterized by the major earthquake, which struck Lisbon in 1755. The political genius of his reign was the Marquis of Pombal. The end of the 18th century was characterized by stability, under the rule of Maria I (1777-1816), who discharged Pombal at her accession. Unfortunately Maria became psychologically unstable, displaying similar symptoms to George III of the United Kingdom in his later years. John V (Portuguese João) the Magnanimous (Port. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Piety is a desire and willingness to perform spiritual, often ascetic rituals. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... This 1755 copper engraving shows the ruins of Lisbon in flames and a tsunami overwhelming the ships in the harbor. ... Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa, IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Marquis of Pombal, or Marquês de Pombal, (13 May 1699 - 15 May 1782) was a Portuguese politician and statesman, prime minister of king Joseph I of Portugal throughout his reign. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ...


In 1807 the Braganças fled to Brazil, Portugal's largest colony, as the mother country was involved in the Napoleonic Wars. Some time after their arrival, the status of this country was changed by a royal decreet, from a Portuguese colony into the Capital of the United Kingdom of Brazil and Portugal. Later, in 1821, João VI, who succeeded his mother in 1816, returned to Portugal and demoted Brazil to a colony again, sparking revolts in Brazil. His son Pedro I was regent in Brazil, but sided with the rebels. He proclaimed himself Emperor of Brazil and ruled until 1831, when he abdicated the Brazilian throne to his young son Pedro II, who ruled until 1889, when the Brazilian monarchy was toppled by angry landed aristocrats disagreeing with the abolition of slavery. Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Austrian Empire[1] Kingdom of Portugal Kingdom of Prussia[1] Russian Empire[2] Kingdom of Spain[3] Kingdom of Sweden United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[4] French Empire - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Duchy of Warsaw - Kingdom of Bavaria[5] - Kingdom of... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... John VI (Portuguese João), the Clement (Port. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... The Brazilian monarchs were the rulers of Brazil from its discovery in 1500 until 1889. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In Portugal Pedro I of Brazil became King as Pedro IV (1826) but he abdicated the throne to his daughter Maria II da Gloria, who was challenged by Pedro's brother Miguel, a reactionary to whom Maria was betrothed against her will. One of the reasons why Pedro had abdicated his Brazilian throne was to help his daughter in toppling Miguel, who was defeated and exiled by Pedro in 1834. The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The rest of the century liberals and conservatives alternated in government. In 1889 Carlos I became king. He became unpopular due to his perceived incapable rule and extravagance, and was assassinated in 1908 together with his elder son, Luis. In 1910 lingering political tensions radicalized in a republican revolution which toppled Manuel II, the last King of Portugal. Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG RVC (pron. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II (English: Emanuel II), the Patriot Port. ... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ...


In February 1, 1908, king Carlos I of Portugal was murdered with his eldest son and heir, Luis Filipe, 21st duke of Bragança. He was succeeded by Manuel II of Portugal but for a short time: on October 5, 1910, a republic was instituted and the king was exiled. King Manuel II settled in England. February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Carlos, King of Portugal (Eng. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II (English: Emanuel II), the Patriot Port. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Dukes

After this, the duchy of Bragança allegedly passed to Miguel II, son of the exiled king Miguel I of Portugal, who was living in the Austrian Empire. His branch of the Bragança family became heir to the crown in 1932 when Manuel II died without children. The Braganças were officially allowed to return to the country in 1950 and have lived there ever since. Miguel II of Bragança (pron. ... King Miguel of Portugal (October 26, 1802 - November 14, 1866) was the second son of King John VI of Portugal. ...


Presently, the duke of Bragança and Portuguese heir is Duarte Pio of Bragança (born 1945). Unlike many former monarchies which forbid the presence of the heirs of a former royal house in their lands, republican Portugal and its claimants to the throne have long been reconciled. This was demonstrated when among the guests at the Duke's wedding was the Portuguese President of the Republic and Portugal's prime minister. Duarte, Duke of Braganza (born May 15, 1945, Berne), pron. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Isabel Violante Pereira, "De Mendo da Guarda a D. Manuel I," Lisbon: Livros Horizonte, 2001

List of Bragança sovereigns

Portuguese sovereigns from the house of Bragança

John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro), the Pacific (April 26, 1648–December 9, 1706), Regent (1668–1683) and King of Portugal (1683–1706). ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... King Miguel of Portugal (October 26, 1802 - November 14, 1866) was the second son of King John VI of Portugal. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Luis I, King of Portugal (October 31, 1838 – October 19, 1889) was the second son of Maria II da Glória and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG RVC (pron. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II (English: Emanuel II), the Patriot Port. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...

Brazilian sovereigns from the house of Bragança

Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

See also

This is a list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, the Patriot, or... The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... The Philippine House or House of Habsburg is the third dynasty of Kings of Portugal named after the three Spanish kings who ruled over Portugal from Madrid between 1580 and 1640. ... This is a historical timeline of Portugal. ... The Portugese monarchy was abolished on the 5th October 1910 when King Manuel II was deposed following a republican revolution. ... The Brazilian Imperial House is split into two branches the Vassouras Branch and the Petrópolis Branch . ...

External links

  • Dukes of Braganza genealogy in a Portuguese genealogical site

  Results from FactBites:
 
House of Braganza - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1509 words)
IPA: /bɾɐ.'ɣɐ̃.sɐ/) was the royal house of Portugal from 1640 to 1910 and ruled the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889.
It was a collateral line of the House of Aviz, which ruled Portugal from 1385 until the Habsburg seizure of the Portuguese throne in 1580.
After the accession of the House of Bragança to the Portugese throne in 1640, following the Philippine Dynasty of Spanish Habsburgs, the heir of the Portuguese Crown has been known as the Duke of Bragança together with, or alternately to Prince of Beira.
Duke of Braganza - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (554 words)
The title Duke of Braganza in the House of Braganza is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal, as the ancient Duchy of Braganza (Bragança), is one of the oldest and most important Dukedoms of Portugal.
Since the House of Bragança acceded to the throne of Portugal in 1640, the heir of the Portuguese Crown has been known as the Duke of Bragança together with, or alternately to Prince of Beira.
The tradition of the heir to the throne being titled Duke of Braganza was revived by various pretenders after the foundation of the Republic in October 5, 1910, to signify their claims to the throne.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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