FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > House music
House
Stylistic origins
Cultural origins
Typical instruments
Mainstream popularity Large, especially late 1980s and early 1990s United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Still popular among American, British, Australian and South African club goers.
Derivative forms Rave - Nu jazz - Madchester
Subgenres
Acid house - Click house - Deep house - Funky house - Microhouse - Progressive house - Electro house - Dream house - Hard house - Minimal house - Pumpin' house - Tribal house - Disco house - Vocal
Fusion genres
Ambient house - Ghetto house - Hip house - Latin house - Tech house
Regional scenes
Chicago house - French house - Italo house - Montreal house - New York house - UK Hard house
Other topics
Notable artists and DJs - Styles of house music

House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s[citation needed]. House music is strongly influenced by elements of the late 1970s soul- and funk-infused dance music style of disco. House music takes disco's use of a prominent bass drum on every beat and developed a new style by mixing in a heavy electronic synthesizer bassline, electronic drums, electronic effects, funk and pop samples, and reverb- or delay-enhanced vocals. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music genre. ... Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Synth redirects here. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... An AKAI MPC2000 sampler Playing a Yamaha SU10 Sampler A sampler is an electronic music instrument closely related to a synthesizer. ... Rave music consists of forms of electronic music for dancing that are associated with the rave scene. ... Nu-jazz (sometimes electro-jazz) was coined in the late 1990s to refer to styles which combine jazz textures and sometimes jazz instrumentation with electronic music. ... An NME Originals issue covering the Madchester movement. ... This is a list of electronic music genres, sub-genres and styles, though for the latter, not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... Click House is an Electronic Music genre that is composed of a House beat with chopped up samples to make a melody. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ... This article is about music. ... Progressive electronica is a collection of electronic music genres which draw upon progressive music, generally, and include the sub-styles of progressive trance, progressive house, progressive techno and progressive breaks. ... Electro house (also known as dirty house, electrotech, and often shortened to electro) is a subgenre of house music that rose to become one of the most prominent genres of electronic dance music in 2004-today. ... Dream house (also known as dream trance), was a short-lived dance music style which had a big success on the dance scene between 1995 and 1997. ... Hard house is a style of electronic music that evolved from mixing techno and house music in the 1990s. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Pumpin house is a subgenre of House music. ... Tribal house is a form of electronic dance music derived from house music but being highly drum-centric and often without a core melody. ... French house is a late 1990s form of house music, part of the 90s & 2000s European dance music scene and the latest form of Euro disco. ... Vocal house is a musical genre that came to the fore in the late 1980s and early 90s. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... Ghetto house, booty house or Juke house is a type of Chicago House which started being recognised in its own right from around 1992 onwards. ... Hip house, also known as house rap, is a mixture of house music and hip-hop which arose during the 1980s in New York. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Tech house is a fusion of house and techno music. ... Chicago house is a style of house music. ... French house is a late 1990s form of house music, part of the 1990s & 2000s European dance music scene and the latest form of Euro disco. ... Italo house (often simply referred to as Italo) is a form of house music popular in Italy, Britain and United States since the late 1980s that fuses house and Italo disco. ... New York house, also known as New York garage, US garage or just garage, is a style of house music born in the Paradise Garage nightclub in New York City, USA in the early 1980s. ... UK Hard House or simply Hard House (not to be confused with Chicago hard house) is a style of House music that emerged in the 1990s. ... It has been suggested that List of house music artists and releases be merged into this article or section. ... House music has many sub-divisions: Acid house: A Chicago derivative built around the Roland TB-303 bassline machine. ... Electronic dance music is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... Discothèque redirects here. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music genre. ... Look up style in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Synth redirects here. ... Electronic drumming involves the playing of percussive instruments in which the sound is generated electronically, rather than acoustically. ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... When sound is produced in an enclosed space multiple reflections build up and blend together creating reverberation or reverb. ...

Contents

Musical elements

The common element of house music is a prominent kick drum on every beat (also known as a four-to-the-floor beat), usually generated by a drum machine or sampler. The kick drum sound is augmented by various kick fills and extended dropouts. The drum track is filled out with hihat cymbal patterns on the eighth-note offbeats, and a snare drum or clap sound on beats two and four of every bar. This pattern is derived from so-called "four-on-the-floor" dance drumbeats of the 1960s and especially the 1970s disco drummers. Producers commonly layer sampled drum sounds to achieve a more complex sound, filling out the audio spectrum and tailoring the mix for large club sound systems. A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ... Four to the floor or four on the floor is a rhythmic pattern in dance music in which the kick drum falls on each beat of the measure in 4/4 time. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... A sampler can be any of the following things: In general, a sampler is any broadly representative cross-section of some collection; for instance, food products are sometimes packaged in samplers containing a variety of chocolates or beers. ... A bass drum in a drum kit A bass drum is a large, heavy drum that produces a thump of low but indefinite pitch. ... The hi-hat stand has changed little since its invention. ... Figure 1. ... The snare drum or side drum is a tubular drum made of wood or metal with skins, or heads, stretched over the top and bottom openings, and with a set of snares (cords) stretched across the bottom head. ... Four to the floor or four-on-the-floor is a type of dance music characterized by a steady, uniformly accented beat in 4/4 time, popularized in 1960s, and disco music of 1970s. ... This article is about the music genre. ...


House music is uptempo music for dancing and has a tempo range of between 118 and 135 bpm. Producers use many different sound sources for bass sounds in house music, from continuous, repeating electronically-generated lines sequenced on a synthesizer such as a Roland TB-303 to studio recordings or samples of live electric bassists, or simply filtered-down samples from whole stereo recordings (from classic funk tracks or any other song). Electronically-generated sounds and samples of recordings from genres such as jazz, blues and synth pop are often added to the foundation of the drum beat and synth bass line. House songs may also include disco or soul-style and gospel vocals and additional percussion. Techno and trance, which developed alongside house music, share this basic beat infrastructure, but they usually eschew house's live-music-influenced feel and Black or Latin music influences in favor of more synthetic sound sources and approach. Uptempo (sometimes UpTempo or up tempo) is an umbrella term for a quick-paced electronic music style. ... Beats per minute (bpm) is a unit typically used as either a measure of tempo in music, or a measure of ones heart rate. ... The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a synthesizer with built-in sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Blues music redirects here. ... Synth pop is a style of popular music in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ... Techno is a form of electronic dance music that became prominent in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-1980s with influences from electro, New Wave, Funk and futuristic fiction themes that were prevalent and relative to modern culture during the end of the Cold War in industrial America at that time. ... Trance is a style of electronic music that developed in the 1990s. ... An African American man gives a piano lesson to a young African American woman, in 1899 or 1900, in Georgia, USA. Photograph from a collection of W.E.B. DuBois. ... Latin American music, sometimes simply called Latin music in The United States, includes the music of all countries in Latin America and comes in many varieties. ...


History

Precursors

The Paradise Garage nightclub in New York City
The Paradise Garage nightclub in New York City

House music is the descendant of the 1970s dance style of disco, which blended soul, R&B, funk, salsa, rock and pop with a progressive, pro-diversity message. In the late 1970s, disco songs began incorporating electronic sounds, such as Giorgio Moroder's landmark production of Donna Summer's hit single "I Feel Love" from 1977. In the same year, Kraftwerk's album Trans-Europe Express began being played in New York discos; this album contains a number of the elements and samples that later appeared in techno and drum and bass. Image File history File linksMetadata Paradise_garage. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Paradise_garage. ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... Look up salsa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Giorgio Moroder (born Giovanni Giorgio Moroder on April 26, 1940 in Ortisei, Italy) is an Academy Award-winning Italian record producer, songwriter and performer, whose groundbreaking work with synthesizers during the 1970s was a significant influence on new wave, techno and electronic music in general. ... Donna Summer (born LaDonna Adrian Gaines on December 31, 1948) is an American singer, songwriter, and artist, best known for a string of dance hits in the late 1970s that earned her the title Queen Of Disco and as one of the few disco-based artists to have longevity on... I Feel Love is a song by Donna Summer, taken from her 1977 concept album I Remember Yesterday. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced , German for power station) is a Grammy award nominated, electronic music band from Düsseldorf, Germany. ... Trans-Europe Express is the English language version of a 1977 music album by German band Kraftwerk (see 1977 in music). ... This article is about the state. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ...


In 1984, Lime released an album with a style dubbed "HiNRG", which moulded the late 1970s sounds of Giorgio Moroder and Kraftwerk into a catchy club style with beatbox programming and breakdown sections. M and M's club mixes and Jesse Saunders - "On and On" (1984/1985) had many elements of electronic dance music that developed into the house music sound, such as synths (including the 303) and minimal vocals. On and On was the first recognised house release to be pressed and sold to the general public and often cited as the 'first house music record'.[1][2] House music also incorporated other influences, such as New Wave, Reggae, European synthpop, industrial and punk as well as the emerging hip hop style. House music DJs experimented with new editing techniques and electronic instruments, such as remixing, sampling, synthesizers, and sequencers. Lime was a HI-NRG group from Montreal, Canada during the 1980s. ... Hi-NRG (High Energy) is a type of electronic dance music which was popular in nightclubs in the early 1980s. ... Giorgio Moroder (born Giovanni Giorgio Moroder on April 26, 1940 in Ortisei, Italy) is an Academy Award-winning Italian record producer, songwriter and performer, whose groundbreaking work with synthesizers during the 1970s was a significant influence on new wave, techno and electronic music in general. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced , German for power station) is a Grammy award nominated, electronic music band from Düsseldorf, Germany. ... Beatboxing is the vocal percussion of hip hop culture and music. ... For other uses, see Break. ... Plain M&Ms M&Ms are small, milk chocolate candy pieces popular in the United States and in many other countries around the world. ... Using a blueprint of old school funk, disco, R&B, new wave, classic rock, pop and electronic hip-hop, Jesse Saunders [1] architected the musical style known as House Music. ... The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a synthesizer with built-in sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... The New Wave was a movement in American, Australian and British popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City musical scene centered around the club CBGB. The term itself is a source of much confusion. ... Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ... Synth redirects here. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ...


Etymology

The origins of the term "house music" are disputed. The term may be derived from the name of a club called the The Warehouse, which was one of the nightclubs that became popular among the teenagers living in the Chicago area in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The Warehouse was patronized primarily by gay, black and Latino men,[3] who came to dance to DJ Frankie Knuckles' mix of classic disco, European synthpop, new wave, industrial, and punk recordings. Knuckles released his dance tracks and mixes on D.J. International Records as well as on the Trax Records label. These dance tracks became known as house music. The legendary club gained considerable fame in the mid 70s and grew tremendously towards the end the 70s. Knuckles production's increased at that time, and his mix of the Jamie Principle song "Your Love" is considered by many the track that was the launching pad for house. The Warehouse (or the House for short) was a nightclub that was established in Chicago, Illinois, USA, North America in 1977. ... Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... Frankie Knuckles (born January 18, 1955, in New York City) is a DJ, producer and remix artist. ... The classic house record label Trax Records was based in Chicago, and put out seminal house records like Jamie Principle & Frankie Knuckless Your Love. The owner of the Trax records was Larry Sherman. ... Jamie Principle is the stage name used by Byron Walton, an African American house music producer and vocalist born July 5, 1960 in Chicago, Illinois. ...


Chip E.'s recording "It's House" may also have helped to define this new form of electronic music.[4] Chip E. claims the name came from methods of labelling records at the Imports Etc. record store, where he worked in the early 1980s; music that DJ Knuckles played at the Warehouse nightclub was labelled in the store "As Heard At The Warehouse", which was shortened to simply "House music".[5] Chip E. on turntables 2004. ...


Larry Heard, aka "Mr. Fingers", claims[citation needed] that the term "house" reflected the fact that many early DJs created music in their own homes, using synthesizers and drum machines, including the Roland TR-808, TR-909, and the TB 303 Bassline synthesizer-sequencer. These synthesizers were used to create a house music subgenre called acid house.[6] Larry Heard (born 1960) is a musician widely known for the Chicago house music he produced in the mid-1980s and continues to produce today. ... The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer was one of the first programmable drum machines (TR serving as an acronym for Transistor Rhythm). Introduced by the Roland Corporation in late 1980, it was originally manufactured for use as a tool for studio musicians to create demos. ... Roland TR-909 The TR-909 was a partially analog, partially sample-based drum machine built by Roland Corporation in 1984. ... The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a synthesizer with built-in sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ...


Juan Atkins, an originator of Detroit techno music, claims the term "house" reflected the exclusive association of particular tracks with particular DJs; those tracks were their "house" records (much like a restaurant might have a "house" salad dressing).[7] Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962 in Detroit) is an American musician. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ...


Chicago years: early 1980s - late 1980s

Main article: Chicago house

Not everyone understands House music; it's a spiritual thing; a body thing; a soul thing. Chicago house is a style of house music. ...

From a track produced by Eddie Amador listen to 22 s sample (488Kb) This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

House music was developed in the houses, garages and clubs of Chicago and Detroit, and it was produced for local club-goers in the "underground" club scenes, rather than for widespread commercial release. As a result, the recordings were much more conceptual, longer than the music usually played on commercial radio. House, techno, electro and hip-hop musicians used analog synthesizers and sequencers to create and arrange the electronic elements and samples on their tracks. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Techno is a form of electronic dance music that became prominent in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-1980s with influences from electro, New Wave, Funk and futuristic fiction themes that were prevalent and relative to modern culture during the end of the Cold War in industrial America at that time. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... An analog synthesizer is a synthesizer that uses analog circuits and analog computer techniques to generate sound electronically. ... In general, a sample is a part of the total, such as one individual or a set of individuals from a population (of people or things), a small piece or amount of something larger, a number of function values of a function, or part of a song. ... This article is about the musical composition. ...


House music "humanized" the new electronic instruments by combining live traditional instruments and percussion and soulful vocals with preprogrammed electronic synthesizers and "beat-boxes".


Main stream record stores often did not carry these 12 inch vinyl singles, as they were not available through the major record distributors. In Chicago, records stores such as Importes Etc., State Street Records, JR’s Music shop and Gramaphone Records were the primary suppliers of this music. The record-store Importes Etc, is believed to be where the term “house” was introduced as a shortening of "Warehouse".


The music was still essentially disco until the early 1980s when the first stand-alone drum machines were invented. House tracks could now be given an edge with the use of a mixer and drum machine. This was an added boost to the prestige of the individual DJs. Underground club DJs like Ron Hardy and radio jocks The Hot Mix 5 played Italo Disco tracks like "Dirty Talk" and the "MBO Theme" by Klein M.B.O., Early B-Boy Hip Hop tracks such as Man Parrish's "Hip Hop Be Bop" and Afrika Bambaataa and the Soul Sonic Force's Planet Rock and Looking for the Perfect Beat as well as electronic music by Kraftwerk, these genres were influential to the Chicago genre of House. A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Saucy Postcard 1905 - 1915 Dirty talk is a dysphemism for a lovers practice of using graphic word imagery to heighten sexual pleasure before and during the sex act. ... // Man Parrish Man Parrish (full name Manuel Joseph Parrish, born May 6th 1958, Brooklyn, New York) Man Parrish (full name Manuel Joseph Parrish, born May 6, 1958) is considerd to be a pioneering electronic music producer and performer. ... Afrika Bambaataa is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... This article is about the UK radio station. ... Looking For The Perfect Beat is a 1983 electro/hip hop song by Afrika Bambaataa. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced , German for power station) is a Grammy award nominated, electronic music band from Düsseldorf, Germany. ...


Jesse Saunders “Jes Say Records” who had club hits with more “B-boy Hip Hop” oriented tracks like “Come to Me” by Gwendolyn and “Dum Dum” as well as the Italo Disco influenced “Under Cover” by Dr. Derelict released the first Chicago home made house hit, “On and On” (1984) which had hypnotic lyrics, driving bassline, and percussion. This was the first house record pressed and sold to the general public and presaged many later genres of electronic dance music such as acid trance. Using a blueprint of old school funk, disco, R&B, new wave, classic rock, pop and electronic hip-hop, Jesse Saunders [1] architected the musical style known as House Music. ... Percussion redirects here. ... Electronic dance music is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... Acid trance is a style of trance music that emerged in the late 80s early 90s focusing on utilising the acid sound. ...


In 1985, Mr Fingers's landmark "Can You Feel It?"/"Washing Machine"/"Mystery of Love" showed a jazz-influenced, lush, sound that was created using a Roland TR-707 and Juno 6 synthesizer. This song helped to start the trend for the Deep house genre, which had a slower beat of 110-125 bpm. In the same year, Chip E.'s "It's House" is a good example of the Chicago House Music style. In 1986, Phuture's "Acid Trax" (1986) showed the development of a house music subgenre called acid house which arose from experiments with a 303 machine by Chicago musicians such as DJ Pierre. Larry Heard (born 1960) is a musician widely known for the Chicago house music he produced in the mid-1980s and continues to produce today. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chip E. on turntables 2004. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Phuture (nowadays called Phuture 303) are a Chicago-based acid house group founded in 1985 by DJ Pierre, Spanky and Herb J. Their twelve-minute track Acid Trax (1986) is one of several recordings that lay claim to being the first-ever acid house record. ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a synthesizer with built-in sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Music. ...


Early house recordings were Jamie Principle and Frankie Knuckles' "Your Love"; "On and On" by Jesse Saunders (1985) and Chip E.'s "The Jack Trax" featuring the songs “It’s House” and “Time to Jack”, which used complex rhythms, simple bassline, sampling technology, and minimalist vocals. By 1985, house music dominated the clubs of Chicago, largely in part due to the radio play the music received on 102.7 FM WBMX which was the brainchild of Program director Lee Michaels through WBMX's resident DJ team, the Hot Mix 5. Jamie Principle is the stage name used by Byron Walton, an African American house music producer and vocalist born July 5, 1960 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Your Love is a song by Jamie Principle and Frankie Knuckles The song is an early example of Chicago house music Key features of the song are the arpeggiated repeating synth line and the powerful propulsive bassline that drives the song. ... Sampling may refer to: Sampling (signal processing), converting a continuous signal into a discrete signal Sampling (music), re-using portions of sound recordings in a piece Sampling (statistics), selection of observations to acquire some knowledge of a statistical population Sampling (case studies), selection of cases for single or multiple case...

The Roland TB-303 bass synthesizer
The Roland TB-303 bass synthesizer

The music and movement was also aided by the electronic music revolution - the arrival of cheap and compact music sequencers, drum machines (the Roland TR-909, TR-808 and TR-707, and Latin percussion machine the TR-727) and bass modules (such as the Roland TB-303) gave House music creators even wider possibilities in creating their own sound. The acid house subgenre was developed from the experiments by DJ Pierre, Larry Heard (Mr. Fingers), and Marshall Jefferson with the new drum and rhythm machines. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a synthesizer with built-in sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... Roland TR-909 The TR-909 was a partially analog, partially sample-based drum machine built by Roland Corporation in 1984. ... The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer was one of the first programmable drum machines (TR serving as an acronym for Transistor Rhythm). Introduced by the Roland Corporation in late 1980, it was originally manufactured for use as a tool for studio musicians to create demos. ... The Roland TB-303 Bass Line is a synthesizer with built-in sequencer manufactured by the Roland corporation in 1982 that had a defining role in the development of contemporary electronic music. ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Music. ... Larry Heard (born 1960) is a musician widely known for the Chicago house music he produced in the mid-1980s and continues to produce today. ... Larry Heard (1960–) is a musician best known for the Chicago house music he produced in the mid-1980s. ... Marshall Jefferson (born September 19, 1959) is widely regarded as one of the leading innovators of the genre of music now known as house music, in particular the subgenre of Chicago house. ...


Many of the songs that defined the Chicago house music sound were released by DJ International Records and Trax Records. In 1985, Trax released "Jack the Bass" and "Funkin' with the Drums Again" by Farley Jackmaster Funk. In 1986, Trax released "No Way Back" by Adonis, Larry Heard's (as Fingers Inc.) "Can You Feel It?" and "Washing Machine", and an early house anthem in 1986, "Move Your Body" by Marshall Jefferson, which helped to boost the popularity of the style outside of Chicago. For other uses of the name Adonis, see Adonis (disambiguation). ... Marshall Jefferson (born September 19, 1959) is widely regarded as one of the leading innovators of the genre of music now known as house music, in particular the subgenre of Chicago house. ...


In 1987, Steve 'Silk' Hurley's "Jack Your Body" was the first House track to reach No.1 in the UK Top 40 pop chart. 1987 also saw M/A/R/R/S' "Pump Up The Volume" reach No.1 in the UK Top 40 pop chart. In 1989 Hurley transformed Roberta Flack's soft ballad "Uh Oh Look Out" into a boisterous dance track. S'Express's "Theme from S'Express" (1988)is an example of a disco-influenced, funky acid house tune. It uses samples from Rose Royce's song "Is it Love You're After" over a Roland 303 bassline. In 1989, Black Box - "Ride on time" (which sampled Loleatta Holloway's 1980 disco hit, Love Sensation) hit number 1 in the UK top 40 and Technotronic's song "Pump Up the Jam" (1989) was one of the early house records to break the top 10 on the US pop charts. A year later, Madonna's "Vogue" went to number one on charts worldwide, becoming the highest selling single on WEA up to that time. In 1992, Leftfield's song "Release the Pressure" helped to introduce a new subgenre of house called progressive house. Steven Hurley (b. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Roberta Flack Roberta Flack (born February 10, 1937 in Asheville, North Carolina) is an American singer. ... SExpress (pronounced ess-express; sometimes spelled SXpress or S-Express; otherwise known as Victim Of the Ghetto) were a British dance music act from the late 1980s who had one of the earliest commercial successes in the acid house genre. ... This article is about the music genre. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... Rose Royce was a soul, funk, and disco band, formed by Motown writer/producer Norman Whitfield - previously most famous for his work with the Temptations - and featuring singer Rose Norwalt performing under the name Rose Royce. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Loleatta Holloway (born November 5, 1946 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American singer known for classic disco songs such as Dreamin and Love Sensation (the latter which has been sampled greatly). ... Technotronic is a studio-based Belgian House Music project formed by Jo Bogaert (a. ... Pump Up The Jam is the first song off of Technotronics album Pump Up the Jam: The Album. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... For the song by KMFDM, see Vogue (single). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Leftfield were a duo of electronica artists and record producers, Paul Daley (formerly of The Rivals, A Man Called Adam and the Brand New Heavies) and Neil Barnes, formed in 1989 in London, England. ... Release the Pressure was the third single released under the Leftfield name and the first to involve Paul Daley with writing duties after he joined the group. ... Progressive electronica is a collection of electronic music genres which draw upon progressive music, generally, and include the sub-styles of progressive trance, progressive house, progressive techno and progressive breaks. ...


House music also had an influence of relaying political messages to people who were considered to be outcast of society. It offered for those who didn't fit into mainstream American society, especially celebrated by many black gays. Frankie Knuckles made a good comparison of House saying it was like "church for people who have fallen from grace" and Marshall Jefferson compared it to "old-time religion in the way that people just get happy and screamin'" (30). Deep house was similar to many of the messages of freedom for the black community. Both House CDs by Joe Smooth, "Promised Land" and Db "I Have a Dream" give similar messages of Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech. House was also very sexual and had much mystic in it. It went so far as to have a "eroto-mystic delirium" (31). Jamie Principle's "Baby Wants to Ride" begins in a prayer but surprisingly is about a dominatrix who seduces a man to "ride" her through the rest of the song. House dance itself is a lot older than house music, which arose in the late 1970s upon the end of the disco era during the times of such nightclubs as Chicago's Warehouse, New York's Loft and Paradise Garage. House dance takes from many different dance elements such as the Lindy era, African, Latin, Brazilian, jazz, tap, and even modern.


House dance has been debatingly broken down in 3 styles: Footwork, Jacking, and Lofting. It includes a variety of techniques and sub-styles that include skating, stomping, and shuffling. It also incorporates movements from many other sources such as whacking, voguing, Capoeira, tap, and Latin dances such as salsa. A wide variety of the movements came from jazz and bebop styles and even from African and Latin descent.


One of the primary elements in house dancing is a technique that came from Chicago that involves moving the torso forward and backward in a rippling motion, as if a wave were passing through it. When this movement is repeated and sped up to match the beat of a song it is called jacking, or "the jack." All footwork in house dancing is said to initiate from the way the jack moves the center of gravity through space


House music especially Deep House was a jarring kind of genre in music which brought the immoral and different aspect of the sexual and minority in the forefront. House was definitely concerned with the sensuality of the body and setting oneself free-- without the worry of outside barriers.[8]


Detroit techno: mid 1980s - early 1990s

Main article: Detroit techno
See also: Techno#History

Detroit techno was developed in the mid 1980s. Though Detroit techno is a distinct musical form, its pioneers were also instrumental in forwarding house music internationally. Detroit techno developed as the legendary disc jockey The Electrifying Mojo conducted his own radio program at this time, influencing the fusion of eclectic sounds into the signature Detroit techno sound. This sound, heavily influenced by European Electronica (Kraftwerk, Art of Noise), early B-boy Hip-Hop (Man Parrish, Soul Sonic Force) and Italo Disco (Doctor's Cat, Ris, Klein M.B.O.), was further pioneered by Juan Atkins, Derrick May, and Kevin Saunderson the "godfathers" of Detroit Techno. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Charles The Electrifying Mojo Johnson was a Detroit, USA radio disc jockey from the 1970s through the 1990s, whose on-air journey of musical and social development shaped a generation of music-lovers in Detroit and throughout southeastern Michigan and Canada, and was of paramount importance to the development of... Art of Noise Edited twelve inch single featured the iconic Art of Noise mask Art of Noise was an avant-garde synthpop group formed in 1983 by producer Trevor Horn, music journalist Paul Morley, and session musicians/studio hands Anne Dudley, J.J. Jeczalik, and Gary Langan. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip-Hop music is a style of popular music. ... // Man Parrish Man Parrish (full name Manuel Joseph Parrish, born May 6th 1958, Brooklyn, New York) Man Parrish (full name Manuel Joseph Parrish, born May 6, 1958) is considerd to be a pioneering electronic music producer and performer. ... Afrika Bambaataa (born April 17, 1957) is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... Cover of the ZYX Music compilation album. ... Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962 in Detroit) is an American musician. ... Derrick May, also known as Mayday and Rhythim is Rhythim, is an electronic musician from Detroit, Michigan U.S.. He was born in Detroit in 1963 and began to explore electronic music early in his life. ... Inner City (Kevin Saunderson and Paris Grey) Kevin Saunderson (born in Brooklyn, New York on May 9, 1964) is an American electronic music producer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Juan Atkins released "NO UFO's" on Metroplex Records, which was very well received in Chicago and is considered a classic. He followed with the 1986 release of the track "Technicolor". Metroplex is a techno record label in Detroit, founded in 1985 by techno pioneer Juan Atkins. ...


Derrick May aka "MAYDAY" released "Nude Photo" in 1986 on his label "Transmat Records", which helped kickstart the Detroit techno music scene and was put in heavy rotation on Chicago's Hot Mix 5 Radio dj mix show and in many Chicago clubs. A year later releasing what was to become one of techno's classic anthems, the seminal track "Strings of Life", "Transmat Records" went on to have many more successful releases such as 1988's "Wiggin". As well, Derrick May had successful releases on Kool Kat Records and many remixes for a host of undergound and mainstream recording artist. Derrick May, also known as Mayday and Rhythim is Rhythim, is an electronic musician from Detroit, Michigan U.S.. He was born in Detroit in 1963 and began to explore electronic music early in his life. ...


Kevin Saunderson's company KMS Records contributed many releases that were as much House Music as they were Techno, these tracks were well received in Chicago and played on Chicago radio and in clubs. Blake Baxter's 1986 recording, "When we Used to Play / Work your Body", 1987's "Bounce Your Body to the Box" and "Force Field", "The Sound / How to Play our Music" and “the Groove that Won't Stop” and a remix of "Grooving Without a Doubt". In 1988, as house music became more popular among general audiences, Kevin Saunderson’s group Inner City with Paris Gray released the 1988 hits "Big Fun" and "Good Life", which eventually were picked up by Virgin Records. Each EP / 12 inch single sported remixes by Mike "Hitman" Wilson and Steve "Silk" Hurley of Chicago and Derrick "Mayday" May and Juan Atkins of Detroit. In 1989, KMS had another hit release of "Rock to the Beat" which was a theme in Chicago dance clubs. Good Life is a 1988 single by house music group Inner City, featuring vocals by Paris Grey. ...


UK: late 1980s - early 1990s

The Haçienda nightclub, Manchester

In Britain the growth of house can be divided around the "Summer of Love" in 1988/9. House had a presence in Britain almost as early as it appeared in Chicago; however there was a strong divide between the House music as part of the gay scene and "straight" music.[citation needed] House grew in northern England, the Midlands and the South East. Founded in 1982 by Factory Records the Hacienda in Manchester became an extension of the "Northern Soul" genre and was one of the early, key English dance music clubs. The Second Summer of Love is a name given to the period in 1988 in Britain, during the rise of Acid House music and the euphoric explosion of unlicensed Ecstasy-fuelled rave parties[1]. The term generally refers to both the summers of 1988/9[2] [3] when electronic dance... FAC 115: Factory Records Stationery (1984) Factory Records was a Manchester based British independent record label, started in 1978, which featured several prominent musical acts on its roster such as Joy Division, New Order, A Certain Ratio, The Durutti Column, Happy Mondays, and (briefly) James and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the... The Hacienda Fac 51 Haçienda (also known as simply The Haçienda) was one of the most well known nightclubs in Manchester during the Madchester years of the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... The Verve see A Northern Soul This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Until 1986 the club was financially troubled; the crowds only started to grow when the resident DJs (Pickering, Park and Da Silva) started to play house music. Many underground venues and DJ nights also took place across the UK, such as the private parties hosted by an early Miss Moneypenny's contingent in Birmingham and many London venues. House was boosted in the UK by the tour in the same year of Knuckles, Jefferson, Fingers Inc. (Heard) and Adonis as the DJ International Tour. One of the early anthemic tunes, "Promised Land" by Joe Smooth, was covered and charted within a week by the Style Council. The first English House tune came out in 1986 - "Carino" by T-Coy. Europeans embraced house music, and began booking legendary American House DJs to play at the big clubs, such as Ministry of Sound, whose resident, DJ Harvey brought in Larry Levan. This article needs to be wikified. ... This article is about the British city. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Style Council was formed by ex-Jam singer and guitarist Paul Weller with keyboardist Mick Talbot in 1983. ... Ministry of Sound (MoS) is a nightclub in Elephant and Castle, Southwark, South London, officially opened in 1992 after weeks of secret club nights. ... We dont have an article called DJ Harvey Start this article Search for DJ Harvey in. ... Larry Levan (born Lawrence Philpot, July 20, 1954 – died November 8, 1992, of AIDS) stands at the crossroads of disco, house music and garage music. ...


The house scene in cities such as Birmingham, Manchester and London were also provided with many underground Pirate Radio stations and DJs alike which helped bolster an already contagious, but otherwise ignored by the mainstream, music genre. One of the earliest and most influential UK house and techno record labels was Network Records (otherwise known as Kool Kat records) who helped introduce Italian and US dance music to Britain as well as promoting select UK dance music acts. This article is about the British city. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The term Pirate Radio usually refers to illegal or unregulated radio transmission. ... Network Records was an independent Record Label based in Birmingham, England during the late 80s and early to mid 90s. ...


But house was also developing on Ibiza. In the 1970s Ibiza was a hippie stop-over for the rich party crowd. By the mid-1980s a distinct Balearic mix of house was discernible. Several clubs like Amnesia with DJ Alfredo were playing a mix of rock, pop, disco and house. These clubs, fueled by their distinctive sound and Ecstasy, began to have an influence on the British scene. By late 1987 DJs like Paul Oakenfold and Danny Rampling were bringing the Ibiza sound to UK clubs like Shoom in Southwark (London), Heaven, Future, Spectrum and Purple Raines in Birmingham. “Ebusus” redirects here. ... Balearic Beat is a style of electronic dance music that emerged in the late 1980s and was popular into the mid-1990s. ... MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), most commonly known by the street names ecstasy or XTC (for more names see the full list), is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family, whose primary effect is believed to be the stimulation of secretion as well as inhibition of re-uptake of large amounts... Paul Oakenfold (born August 30, 1963 in Greenhithe, Kent[1] England) is a record producer and one of the best-known Trance DJs worldwide. ... Danny Rampling is a British based House Music DJ and is widley credited as one of the orginal founders of the UK`s rave/club scene. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ...


In the US, the music was being developed to create a more sophisticated sound, moving beyond just drum loops and short samples. New York-based performers such as Mateo & Matos and Blaze had slickly produced disco-house crossover tracks. In Chicago, Marshall Jefferson had formed the house group Ten City (from "intensity"). In Detroit a proto-techno music sound began to emerge with the recordings of Juan Atkins, Derrick May and Kevin Saunderson. Look up Blaze, blaze in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Techno is a form of electronic dance music that became prominent in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-1980s with influences from electro, New Wave, Funk and futuristic fiction themes that were prevalent and relative to modern culture during the end of the Cold War in industrial America at that time. ...


Atkins, a former member of Cybotron, released Model 500 "No UFOs" in 1985, which became a regional hit, followed by dozens of tracks on Transmat, Metroplex and Fragile. One of the most unusual was "Strings of Life" by Derrick May, a darker, more intellectual strain of house. "Techno-Scratch" was released by the Knights Of The Turntable in 1984 which had a similar techno sound to Cybotron. The manager of the Factory nightclub, Tony Wilson, also promoted acid house culture on his weekly TV show. The Midlands also embraced the late 1980s House scene with underground venues such as multi storey car parks and more legal dance stations such as the Digbeth Institute (now the 'Sanctuary' and home to Sundissential). Clear (1990) Cybotron was a techno group formed in 1980 by Juan Atkins and Richard 3070 Davis in Detroit, Michigan. ... Derrick May, also known as Mayday and Rhythim is Rhythim, is an electronic musician from Detroit, Michigan U.S.. He was born in Detroit in 1963 and began to explore electronic music early in his life. ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... The Digbeth Institute is 2,000 capacity a music venue in Birmingham which has been synonymous in the development of the British rave music and drum and bass scene. ... Sundissential is a music event formed in Birmingham, England, in the mid- to late 1990s. ...


US - late 1980s to early 1990s

Back in America the scene had still not progressed beyond a small number of clubs in Chicago, Detroit and New York. Paradise Garage in New York City was still a top club, although they now had Todd Terry, his cover of Class Action's Larry Levan mixed "Weekend" demonstrated the continuum from the underground disco to a new House sound with hip-hop influences evident in the quicker sampling and the more rugged bass-line. While hip-hop had made it onto radio play-lists, the only other choices were Rock, Country & Western or R & B. Other notable New York producers and DJs of the time were Bobby Konders, Tommy Musto, Frankie Bones all of whom had their work licensed internationally in the 1980s. In fact, many of the recordings on the nascent XL Recordings (UK) came from those artists. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article is about the state. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Todd Terry (born 12 November 1966 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American DJ and music producer and remixer, one of the producers who helped to define New Yorks house music during the 1980s. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Frankie Bones Frankie Bones (born Frank Mitchell) is an American techno and house music disc jockey from New York City. ... XL Recordings is an independent record label which was launched by Nick Halkes (joined in 1992 by Richard Russell) with Beggars Banquet Records in 1989 to release its rave and dance music. ...


Other influences from New York came from the hip-hop, reggae, and Latin community, and many of the New York City super producers/DJs began surfacing for the first time (Erick Morillo, Roger Sanchez, Junior Vasquez, Danny Tenaglia, Jonathan Peters) with unique sounds that would evolve into other genres (tribal house, progressive house, funky house). Producers such as Masters At Work and Kerri Chandler also started pioneering a richer Garage sound that was picked up on by 'outsiders' from the worlds of jazz, hip-hop and downbeat as much as it was by House aficionados. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Junior Vasquez is a famous New York club DJ and remixer/producer. ... Danny Tenaglia (born March 7, 1961) is a New York-based DJ and music producer. ... Masters At Work is the house music production and remix team of Kenny Dope Gonzales and Little Louie Vega. ... Kerri Chandler is a well respected house music producer. ...


In the late 80's Nu Groove Records prolonged, if not launched the careers of Rheji Burrell & Rhano Burrell, collectively known as Burrell (after a brief stay on Virgin America via Timmy Registford and Frank Mendez), along with basically every relevant DJ and Producer in the NY underground scene. The Burrell's are responsible for the "New York Underground" sound and are the undisputed champions of this style of house music. Their 30+ releases on this label alone seems to support that fact. In today's market Nu Groove Record releases like the Burrells' enjoy a cult-like following and mint vinyl can fetch $100 US or more in the open market.


Influential gospel/R&B-influenced Aly-us released "Time Passes On" in 1993 (Strictly Rhythm), then later, "Follow Me" which received radio airplay as well as being played in clubs. Another US hit which received radio play was the single "Time for the Perculator" by Cajmere, which became the prototype of Ghettohouse sub-genre. Cajmere started the Cajual and Relief labels (amongst others). By the early 1990s artists such as Cajmere himself (under that name as well as Green Velvet and as producer for Dajae), DJ Sneak, Glenn Underground and others did many recordings. Artists from the also recently-revitalised Dance Mania such as DJ Rush, Robert Armani and his cousin Paul Johnson recorded for both and did DJing in the European club circuit. Derrick Carter was active as a producer and DJ during this period. Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Strictly Rhythm is a New York-based house-music label that was set up in 1989. ... Curtis Jones is an electronic and house music singer, songwriter and producer born April 26, 1968 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Curtis Jones is an electronic and house music singer, songwriter and producer born April 26, 1968 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Curtis Jones is an electronic and house music singer, songwriter and producer born April 26, 1968 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Curtis Jones is an electronic and house music singer, songwriter and producer born April 26, 1968 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Dajae is the stage name of Karen Gordon, a female R&B and dance music singer born in Chicago, Illinois. ... DJ Sneak (real name Carlos Sosa) is a Puerto Rican house music DJ and producer raised in Chicago, Illinois. ... Dance Mania was a Chicago record label founded by Ray Barney in 1985. ... DJ Rush (Isaiah Major) is an successful Techno-DJ and music producer from Chicago, USA. He was born in January, 1970. ... Paul Johnson is a house DJ and producer from Chicago, Illinois. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Detroit's labels included 430 West, KMS and Serious Grooves with producers such as Kevin Saunderson, Marc Kinchen, Octave One. Underground Resistance produced garage tracks and electro tracks. A Los Angeles-area scene developed with parties organised by Hardkiss and UK expatriates like DIY and Charles Webster. KMS can mean: Kabuki make up syndrome (Niikawa-Kuroki Syndrome) Kasabach-Merritt syndrome Kerio MailServer KMS state KriegsMarine Ship Knowledge Management System National Survey and Cadastre of Denmark (Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen) This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism... Inner City (Kevin Saunderson and Paris Grey) Kevin Saunderson (born in Brooklyn, New York on May 9, 1964) is an American electronic music producer. ... Underground Resistance (commonly abbreviated to UR) are a musical collective from Detroit, Michigan, in the United States of America. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Charles Webster is an English electronic musician, specialising in house. ...


UK: Early 1990s to mid-1990s

In Britain, further experiments in the genre boosted its appeal. House and rave clubs like Lakota, Miss Moneypenny's and C.R.E.A.M. emerged across Britain, hosting house and dance scene events. The 'chilling out' concept developed in Britain with ambient house albums such as The KLF's Chill Out and "Analogue BubbleBath" by Aphex Twin. Chillout music is often defined as a different genres, such as Ambient, or downtempo (later on) or New Age (older). The unifying feature of Chill Out electronica is long sustained tones and a smoother sound, rather than the noisy, percussive sound of other styles. For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ... CHOOSE RIGHT EASY AND MELLOW or C.R.E.A.M. House music night was a musical event established in Birmingham England in 1990. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... KLF redirects here. ... For other uses, see chill out (disambiguation). ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Chill out (sometimes chillout), a term derived from a slang injunction to relax, emerged in the early and mid-1990s as a catch-all term for various styles of relatively mellow, slow-tempo music made by contemporary producers in the electronic music scene. ... Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... Downtempo (or Downbeat) is a laid-back electronic music style similar to Ambient music, but usually with a beat or groove unlike the beatless forms of Ambient music. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ...


At the same time, a new indie dance scene emerged, with groups such as Happy Mondays, The Shamen, New Order, Meat Beat Manifesto, Renegade Soundwave, EMF, The Grid and The Beloved. In New York, bands such as Deee-Lite furthered house music's international influence. Two distinctive tracks from this era were the Orb's "Little Fluffy Clouds" (with a distinctive vocal sample from Rickie Lee Jones) and the Happy Mondays' "Wrote for Luck" ("WFL") which was transformed into a dance hit by Paul Oakenfold. Happy Mondays are an English alternative rock band from Salford, Greater Manchester. ... The Shamen were an experimental electronic music band, initially formed in Aberdeen, Scotland by Colin Angus (b. ... This article is about the alternative rock/electronic band New Order. ... Meat Beat Manifesto, often shortened to Meat Beat or MBM, is an electronic music outfit originally consisting of Jack Dangers and Jonny Stephens formed in 1987 in Swindon, UK. This was also the hometown of the band XTC, who helped Meat Beat get started. ... Renegade Soundwave (shortened to RSW) was a London based electronic music group formed in 1986 and disbanded in 1995. ... EMF is a British indie dance band which came to prominence at the end of the 1980s and the early 1990s. ... The Grid is an English group/production group for electronic music that consists of Richard Norris and Dave Ball (formerly of Soft Cell). ... The Beloved is a British electronic music group. ... Deee-Lite was a house- and dance music group formed in New York City. ... The Orb are an English electronic music group known for popularising chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of ambient house. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Happy Mondays are an English alternative rock band from Salford, Greater Manchester. ... Paul Oakenfold (born August 30, 1963 in Greenhithe, Kent[1] England) is a record producer and one of the best-known Trance DJs worldwide. ...


The UK Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 was a government attempt to ban large rave dance events featuring music with "repetitive beats". There were a number of abortive "Kill the Bill" demonstrations. Although the bill became law, in November 1994, it had little effect. The music continued to grow and change, as typified by the emergence of acts like Leftfield with "Release the Pressure", which introduced dub and reggae into the house music sound. In more commercial recordings, a mix of R&B with stronger basslines was used. The house music scene was shaped by a variety of inflences, including the club culture scene. Like the 1970s disco club scene, the house music club scene was associated with a number of drugs which club-goers used to enhance the dancing experience, such as amyl nitrite "poppers", MDMA, ketamine, and GHB. The Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 was an act of parliament brought into law by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Leftfield were a duo of electronica artists and record producers, Paul Daley (formerly of The Rivals, A Man Called Adam and the Brand New Heavies) and Neil Barnes, formed in 1989 in London, England. ... Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Discothèque redirects here. ... Variety of popper brands Poppers is the street term for various alkyl nitrites taken for recreational purposes through direct inhalation, particularly amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite and isobutyl nitrite. ... ecstasy and religious ecstasy MDMA, most commonly known today by the street name ecstasy, is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family whose primary effect is to stimulate the brain to rapidly secrete large amounts of serotonin, causing a general sense of openness, empathy, energy, euphoria, and well-being. ... Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic for use in human and veterinary medicine developed by Parke-Davis (1962). ... Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (4-hydroxybutanoic acid, C4H8O3), commonly abbreviated GHB, is a neuroprotective therapeutic drug that is illegal in a number of countries[1], and is a naturally-occurring substance found in the central nervous system, wine, beef, small citrus fruits, and almost all living creatures in small amounts. ...


As well, like the disco scene that preceded it, the house music club scene attracted a mix of cultural and racial groups. Tunes like "The Bouncer" from Kicks Like a Mule used sped-up hip-hop breakbeats. With SL2's "On A Ragga Tip" they gave the foundations to what would become drum and bass and jungle. Initially called breakbeat hardcore, it found popularity in London clubs like Rage as an "inner city" music. Labels like Moving Shadow and Reinforced became underground favorites. This article is about breakbeat, the electronic dance music genre. ... SL2 was the name of a popular and pioneering hardcore/rave outfit from London, England. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... Jungle music is one of the most deviant and punkish forms of electronic music, employing fast tempos (150-190 BPM is common), layering extended and mangled breakbeats on top of throbbing, authoritative basslines, originally borrowed from reggae. ... Breakbeat hardcore (popularly known as rave music, originally referred to as simply hardcore in the United Kingdom, with old school hardcore a common term in the 21st century) is a style of electronic music that primarily uses breakbeats for its rhythm lines. ... Moving Shadow is a UK based jungle/drum and bass record label that was started in 1990 by Rob Playford (aka Timecode). ...


"London Hardcore Techno" was a style of music that Moonshine music released with an increased tempo of around 160 bpm. UK garage developed later, designed more for dancing than for listening, it found its way into mainstream acts like Liberty X and Victoria Beckham. The 4 Hero subgenre adopted soul and jazz influences, and some used a full orchestral section to create a more "sophisticated" sound. Later, this led directly to the West London scene known as Broken beat or Breakbeat. For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Moonshine was a Los Angeles-based electronic music label during the 1990s. ... Beats per minute (bpm) is a unit typically used as either a measure of tempo in music, or a measure of ones heart rate. ... UK garage (also known as UKG or just garage) refers to several different varieties of modern electronic dance music generally connected to the evolution of house in the United Kingdom in the mid 1990s. ... Liberty X (originally called Liberty) was a pop vocal group formed from five contestants from the 2001 ITV show Popstars. ... Victoria Caroline Beckham (née Adams; born 17 April 1974) is an English singer, songwriter, dancer, fashion designer, businesswoman, and occasional actress. ... Comprised of Dego McFarlane, Mark Clair (Mark Mac), Gus Lawrence, and Ian Bardouille, 4 Hero are based in Dollis Hill, North London, from which they run their seminal Reinforced record label. ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about breakbeat, the electronic dance music genre. ...


A new generation of clubs like Miss Moneypenny's, Liverpool's Cream (as opposed to the original underground night, C.R.E.A.M.) and the Ministry of Sound were opened to provide a venue for more commercial sounds. Major record companies began to open "superclubs" promoting their own acts. These superclubs entered into sponsorship deals initially with fast food, soft drinks, and clothing companies. Flyers in clubs in Ibiza often sported many corporate logos. A new sub-genre, Chicago Hard House, was developed by DJs such as Bad Boy Bill, DJ Lynnwood, DJ Irene, Richard "Humpty" Vission and DJ Enrie. For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Cream, located in Liverpool, is one of the best-known dance clubs in the UK. Cream has played host to many international DJ superstars, including Paul Oakenfold (who was resident DJ from 1997 to 1999), Paul van Dyk, and Sasha. ... CHOOSE RIGHT EASY AND MELLOW or C.R.E.A.M. House music night was a musical event established in Birmingham England in 1990. ... Ministry of Sound (MoS) is a nightclub in Elephant and Castle, Southwark, South London, officially opened in 1992 after weeks of secret club nights. ... The Superclub Vidéotron is one of the largest video store chains in Quebec. ... “Ebusus” redirects here. ... Bad Boy Bill (born William Renkosik) is a DJ from Chicago, Illinois, U.S.. He plays an assortment of house music. ... Some information in this article has not been verified and may not be reliable. ... DJ Irene is an electronic music artist. ... Richard Humpty Vission is a prolific house music producer, remixer and DJ born May 24, 1973 in Toronto, Ontario. ...


2000s

Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley acknowledged Chicago's role as the birthplace of house by proclaiming August 10, 2005 to be House Unity Day in Chicago in celebration of House Music's 21st anniversary. DJs such as Frankie Knuckles, Marshall Jefferson, Paul Johnson and Mickey Oliver celebrated the proclamation at the Summer Dance Series event organized by Chicago's Department of Cultural Affairs. Two newer forms of house called Ghetto House and Juke.[1] Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is a United States politician, member of the national and local Democratic Party and current mayor of Chicago, Illinois. ... Frankie Knuckles (born January 18, 1955, in New York City) is a DJ, producer and remix artist. ... Marshall Jefferson (born September 19, 1959) is widely regarded as one of the leading innovators of the genre of music now known as house music, in particular the subgenre of Chicago house. ... Paul Johnson is a house DJ and producer from Chicago, Illinois. ... Ghetto house, booty house or Juke house is a type of Chicago House which started being recognised in its own right from around 1992 onwards. ...


Further reading

  • Sean Bidder 2002 Pump Up the Volume: A History of House Music, MacMillan. ISBN 0-7522-1986-3
  • Sean Bidder 1999 The Rough Guide to House Music, Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-432-5
  • Bill Brewster & Frank Broughton 2000 Last Night a DJ Saved My Life: The History of the Disc Jockey, Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3688-5 and in UK: 1999 / 2006, Headline.
  • Kai Fikentscher 2000 "'You Better Work!' Underground Dance Music in New York City". Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0-8195-6404-4
  • Chris Kempster (Ed) 1996 History of House, Castle Communications. ISBN 1-86074-134-7 (A reprinting of magazine articles from the 1980s and 90s)
  • Simon Reynolds 1998 Energy Flash: a Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture, (UK title, Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-330-35056-0), also released in US as Generation Ecstasy : Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture (US title, Routledge, 1999, ISBN 0-415-92373-5)
  • Hillegonda C. Rietveld 1998 This is our House: House Music, Cultural Spaces and Technologies, Ashgate. ISBN 1-85742-242-2
  • Silcott Mireille. Rave America: New School Dancescapes (1999), ECW Press. ISBN 1550223836

Notes

  1. ^ Marshell Jefferson - 4clubbers.net
  2. ^ http://www.flyglobalmusic.com/fly/archives/uscanada_features/finding_jesse_-.html.
  3. ^ House. Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Retrieved on May 1, 2007.
  4. ^ Bidder, Sean. Pump Up the Volume: A History of House Music. ISBN 978-0752219868. 
  5. ^ Chip E. (interviewee); Hindmarch, Carl (director). (2001). Pump Up The Volume. Channel Four. "If you were a DJ in Chicago, if you wanted to have 'the' records, there was only one place to go and that was Imports. This is where Imports was. People come in, they're looking for 'Warehouse music', and we would put, you know, 'As heard at the Warehouse' or 'As played at the Warehouse', and then eventually we just shortened that down to - because people also just in the vernacular, they started saying 'yeah, what's up with that 'House music' - now at this time they were talkin' about the old, old classics, the Salsoul, the Philly classics and such - so we put on the labels for the bins, we'd say 'House music'. And people would start comin' in eventually and just start askin', 'yeah, where's the new House music?'"
  6. ^ Cowen, Andrew. "SOUNDS AMAZING!; MUSIC LIVE Andrew Cowen previews the giant show at the NEC which offers great new ideas for musicians of all styles and all levels.", The Birmingham Post (UK), 1999-10-30. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. 
  7. ^ Trask, Simon (December 1988), Future Shock (Juan Atkins Interview), <http://www.mobeus.org/archives/juanatkins/>. Retrieved on 5 April 2008 
  8. ^ Reynolds, Simon. Generation Ecstasy, Pages 029-031

is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the British television station. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. Peter Shapiro (2000) Modulations: A History of Electronic Music: Throbbing Words on Sound. ISBN 1-891024-06-X
  2. The History of House (2004) HouseKeeping: Funky House DJs from the UK
  3. (http://www.think.cz/issue/01/4.html) (1988) When is a house not a home?

Peter Shapiro is a freelance music journalist, he has written for Spin, Urb, Music Week, Uncut, Vibe, The Wire and The Times (London). ...

See also

House music has many sub-divisions: Acid house: A Chicago derivative built around the Roland TB-303 bassline machine. ... It has been suggested that List of house music artists and releases be merged into this article or section. ... House is a style of street dance danced to house music. ... This is a list of electronic music genres, sub-genres and styles, though for the latter, not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ...

External links

  • [2] Your Guide to Electronic Music: House
For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... Chicago house is a style of house music. ... Dark-house is a type of electronic dance music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dream house (also known as dream trance), was a short-lived dance music style which had a big success on the dance scene between 1995 and 1997. ... Electro house (also known as dirty house, electrotech, and often shortened to electro) is a subgenre of house music that rose to become one of the most prominent genres of electronic dance music in 2004-today. ... New York house, also known as New York garage, US garage or just garage, is a style of house music born in the Paradise Garage nightclub in New York City, USA in the early 1980s. ... Ghetto house, booty house or Juke house is a type of Chicago House which started being recognised in its own right from around 1992 onwards. ... Hard house is a style of electronic music that evolved from mixing techno and house music in the 1990s. ... Hip house, also known as house rap, is a mixture of house music and hip-hop which arose during the 1980s in New York. ... Italo house (often simply referred to as Italo) is a form of house music popular in Italy, Britain and United States since the late 1980s that fuses house and Italo disco. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This article is about music. ... It has been suggested that Dark house be merged into this article or section. ... Pumpin house is a subgenre of House music. ... Tech house is a fusion of house and techno music. ... Tribal house is a form of electronic dance music derived from house music but being highly drum-centric and often without a core melody. ... Electronic dance music is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... This is a list of electronic music genres, sub-genres and styles, though for the latter, not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... This article is about breakbeat, the electronic dance music genre. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Hardcore (sometimes ardcore) is a term that has been used to describe a variety of related electronic dance music styles over almost two decades. ... Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Trance is a style of electronic music that developed in the 1990s. ... Trip hop (also known as the Bristol sound) is a term coined by United Kingdom dance magazine Mixmag, to describe a musical trend in the mid-1990s; trip hop is downtempo electronic music that grew out of Englands hip hop and house scenes. ... UK garage (also known as UKG or just garage) refers to several different varieties of modern electronic dance music generally connected to the evolution of house in the United Kingdom in the mid 1990s. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
House music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6292 words)
House music is a style of electronic dance music, the earliest forms of which originated in the United States in the early- to mid-1980s.
House had a presence in Britain almost as early as it appeared in Chicago; however there was a strong divide between the House music as part of the gay scene and "straight" music.
House music is uptempo music for dancing and has a comparatively narrow tempo range, generally falling between 118 beats per minute (bpm) and 135 bpm, with 127 bpm being about average since 1996.
House music dj vinyl record store | Jungle Drum n Bass | Dance music (448 words)
At the same time, house was breaking into the pop charts; it fragmented into a number of subgenres, including hip-house, ambient house, and most significantly, acid house (a subgenre of house with the instantly recognizable squelch of Roland's TB-303 bass-line generator).
The style of dance that exploded American house music around the world, Acid House first appeared in the mid-'80s in the work of Chicago producers like DJ Pierre, ADONIS, Farley Jackmaster Funk, and Phuture (the latter of whom coined the term in their classic single, "Acid Trax").
Mixing elements of the house music that was already up and running in Chicago (as well as New York) with the squelchy sounds and deep bassline of the Roland TB-303 synthesizer, acid house was strictly a Chicago phenomenon until stacks of singles began to cross the Atlantic, arriving in the hands of eager young Brits.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m