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Encyclopedia > Houlton, Maine
Location of town of Houlton in state of Maine

Houlton is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, on the United States-Canada border, located at 46.13° N 67.84° W. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 6,476. It is perhaps best known as being at the northern terminus of Interstate 95 and for being the birthplace of Samantha Smith. Image File history File links Map_of_Maine_highlighting_Houlton. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Maine_highlighting_Houlton. ... Aroostook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border among any two countries that is not militarized or actively patrolled. ... The Twenty-second United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 95 Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is a well-known, important, and heavily traveled highway in the United States Interstate Highway System. ... Samantha Reed Smith (June 29, 1972 – August 25, 1985) was an American schoolgirl from Houlton, Maine who was called Americas Youngest Ambassador in the United States and the Goodwill Ambassador in the Soviet Union during her short lifetime. ...

Houlton is the county seat for Aroostook County, and as such its nickname is the "Shire Town" and the Houlton High School sports teams are named "The Shiretowners". The Meduxnekeag River flows through the heart of the town, and the border with the Canadian province of New Brunswick is three miles east of the town's center. Houlton was the home of Ricker College which closed in 1978. The Meduxnekeag River (muh-DUHKS-nuh-keg) is a small river in western New Brunswick, Canada. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Official languages English, French (the only constitutionally bilingual province in the country) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson - Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 10 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st... Ricker College is located in Houlton, Maine. ...

The town was settled by and named for Joseph Houlton, who immigrated from Massachusetts in 1805. In 1828, the U.S. government established a military post, the Hancock barracks, and Houlton was officially incorporated as a town in 1831. In 1839, when the Aroostook War flared up, Houlton was manned by three companies of the 1st Artillery Regiment under Major R. M. Kirby. Major Kirby helped to restrain the twelve companies of militia that Maine sent there from starting a shooting war. The post was abandoned in 1847, five years after the Webster-Ashburton Treaty settled the boundary dispute.[1] Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States of America British Empire/British North America Strength 3,000–10,000 3,000–10,000 Casualties 38 incidental deaths The Aroostook War, also called the Pork and Beans War,the Lumberjacks War or the Northeastern Boundary Dispute, was an undeclared confrontation in 1838-39 between... The Webster-Ashburton Treaty, signed August 9, 1842, settled the dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border between the United States and Great Britain and the shared use of the Great Lakes. ...

Houlton was the location of the first fixed site Radio Intelligence Station installed by US Army MI-8 Radio Intelligence Service in World War I. The Houlton station intercepted German diplomatic communications primarily from its Nauen high power radio station. The Radio Intelligence Service (R.I.S.) was created during World War I by MI-8 for the sole purpose of supporting strategic intelligence through radio intercept. Houlton was the first unit of its built by the US intelligence services, and its success helped to lay the foundation for many more US radio intercept stations. Nauen Transmitter Station (German: Grossfunkstelle Nauen or Sender Nauen) in Nauen, Havelland (Kreis), Brandenburg, Germany, is the oldest transmitting plant in the world. ...

On January 7, 1927, AT&T initiated the first transatlantic commercial telephone service; linking New York and London. The AT&T Transoceanic Receiver Station was located at the end of Hand Lane, 46.1270° N 67.8841° W, two miles west of the town center. The massive receiving antenna, over three miles long and two miles wide; straddled what is now I-95, four miles west of the town center. The receiver station worked with AT&T's massive long wave transmitting facility located at RCA Radio Central in Rocky Point, New York. The receiver station received the longwave telephone signal from the British General Post Office transmitter site in Rugby, England. RCA, formerly an acronym for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by Thomson SA through RCA Trademark Management S.A., a company owned by Thomson. ... Rocky Point is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

This article describes the town as a whole. Additional demographic detail for the central settlement is available, although the values are also included in the aggregate values in this article. See: Houlton (CDP). Houlton CDP is a census-designated place within the town of Houlton in Aroostook County, Maine. ...



According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 95.2 km² (36.8 mi²). 95.2 km² (36.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.0 km² (0.0 mi²) of it (0.03%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


As of the census of 2000, there were 6,476 people, 2,677 households, and 1,654 families residing in the town. The population density was 68.0/km² (176.2/mi²). There were 2,994 housing units at an average density of 31.5 persons/km² (81.5 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.19% White, 0.29% African American, 4.23% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... For other uses, see Race (disambiguation). ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ...  Countries where Spanish has official status. ... // The term Latino is a linguistic identity that refers to an individual that has significant ancestry from a nation-state where a Latin derived language is spoken or is the offical language of the government. ...

There were 2,677 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 11.0% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 38.2% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.94. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,212, and the median income for a family was $34,812. Males had a median income of $27,623 versus $20,991 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,007. 17.7% of the population and 13.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 21.0% are under the age of 18 and 15.8% are 65 or older. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...

External links


  1. ^ Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). in Doris A. Isaacson: Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Maine: Courier-Gazette, Inc., 183-188. 

  Results from FactBites:
Houlton (CDP), Maine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (439 words)
Houlton CDP is a census-designated place within the town of Houlton in Aroostook County, Maine.
The CDP is the central settlement of the town, and is defined to provide demographic statistics for that settlement, separated from the less populated areas of the town.
The values are also included in the aggregate valures for the town as whole, see: Houlton, Maine.
  More results at FactBites »



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