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Encyclopedia > Hot 100 Airplay

The Hot 100 Airplay is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. It measures radio airplay, and is one of the three component charts, along with the Hot 100 Singles Sales and the Hot Digital Songs charts, that determine the chart positions of singles on the Billboard Hot 100. An example of a Billboard Magazine. ... The Hot 100 Singles Sales Chart is one of three component charts, along with the Hot 100 Airplay Chart & Hot Digital Songs that determine the chart positions of singles on the Billboard Hot 100. ... The Hot Digital Songs chart ranks the best-selling digital singles in the United States, according to Billboard. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the main U.S. singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ...

Contents


Chart Data Collection

The Hot 100 Airplay chart is a weekly chart that ranks the 100 songs with the most airplay points (frequently referred to as audience impressions, which is a calculation of the number of times a song is played and the audience size of the station playing the tune). A song can pick up an airplay point everytime it is selected to be played on specific radio stations that Billboard monitors. Radio stations across the board are used from Top 40 Mainstream (plays wide variety of music that is generally the most popular songs of the time) to more genre specific radio stations such as urban radio.


Per Billboard (as of October 2005):

"988 stations, comprised of top 40, adult contemporary, R&B/hip-hop, country, rock, gospel, Latin and Christian formats, are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This data is used to compile The Billboard Hot 100."

Strength Of Airplay

Singles usually enter the Hot 100 Airplay chart before any other, because in most cases, they hit the airwaves first before being made commercially available online or in stores. Prior to December 5, 1998, the Hot 100 was solely compiled of songs that were commercially available. This means that songs could enter the airplay chart, but would not be eligible for the Hot 100 unless a commercial single in stores was issued. "Don't Speak" by No Doubt, "Lovefool" by The Cardigans and "Basket Case" by Green Day all topped the Hot 100 Airplay chart and gained large amounts of airplay, but were not allowed to enter the Hot 100, because no commercial single was issued, even though they would have probably been significant hits on the Hot 100 without the need of a commercial single. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Dont Speak is a popular ballad and love song by California ska band No Doubt. ... No Doubt No Doubt is an American alternative rock group whose music was initially influenced heavily by ska, punk and New Wave. ... From left: Lars-Olof Johansson, Peter Svensson, Bengt Lagerberg, Nina Persson, Magnus Sveningsson The Cardigans is a Swedish band formed in the town of Jönköping in 1992. ... Basket Case can refer to: a 1982 film by Frank Henenlotter — see Basket Case (film); or a 1994 song by Green Day — see Basket Case (song); or a 2002 novel by Carl Hiaasen — see Basket Case (novel). ... Green Day are a California based punk rock band consisting of Billie Joe Armstrong (lead vocals, guitar), Mike Dirnt (bass, backing vocals, born Michael Ryan Pritchard), and Tré Cool (drummer, backing vocals, born Frank Edwin Wright III, in Germany). ...


Due to circumstances like this becoming a growing trend with major record labels to release singles only to radio (as they felt commercial releases were a factor in decreasing album sales) many in the music industry requested that Billboard rethink its long-standing rule of "singles only" on the Hot 100. Billboard carefully weighed the pros and cons of this type of change and conducted extensive research and polls of music and recording industry insiders to assess the need for such a revamp of the chart. It was concluded that allowing airplay-only singles into the Hot 100 was the most logical choice, as the chart has always been a reflection of what songs are most popular in the United States and this new rule would present an accurate tool for those in the music industry to gauge the popularity of their "product" and to analyze marketing strategies, etc. A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and video recordings, on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ...


Album Cut Implementation

After December 5, 1998, songs could chart on the Hot 100 with just airplay points. However, before they were allowed onto the Hot 100, they had to make the Top 75 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart. Songs that charted on the Hot 100, without being issued with a commercial single release were known as album cuts. These album cuts however, were not very strong initially and did not usually chart very high; the first airplay-only single to hit number one came in June 2000 when Aaliyah's "Try Again" spent one week at the top. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Aaliyah on the cover of her most successful album, One in a Million. ...


This implementation was solely responsible for the end of number one debuts. In the mid 90s, many songs were commercially released as singles after airplay was given a chance to grow to its maximum potential. This allowed songs to enter the Hot 100 at the top, a feat unheard of before 1995. Ten songs were able to do this, but after this change to the Hot 100, only two singles were able to debut at number one and only because airplay of their singles was too insignificant to allow them to enter the Hot 100 otherwise.


Criticisms

The Hot 100 is often criticised for weighing airplay more than sales. For example, in 2002, Mariah Carey's "Through The Rain" topped the Hot 100 Single Sales Chart, but failed to enter the Hot 100 Airplay chart, thus reaching a peak of #81 on the Hot 100. In a market where many believe sales to reflect music popularity more than airplay, this can be considered unfair. Billboard, however, has adjusted the ratio given to sales and airplay ever since the Hot 100's inception in 1958. During periods in which singles were the main format in which people bought popular music (the 1950s and 1960s, for example), sales points were given more "weight" in Hot 100 calculation. As the singles market dwindled in the United States, it was necessary for Billboard to adjust the sales/airplay ratio to favor airplay points, as a song that topped the Hot 100 Sales chart would sell only a few thousand copies in a week. 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Through the Rain was the first single to be released from Mariah Careys twelfth album, Charmbracelet, released in November 2002. ...


Records

Highest debut

Madonna set a record in 1992 when the lead single and title track from her sixth album Erotica debuted at #2 on the Hot 100 Airplay Chart. It is very difficult for a song to debut at a high position on the airplay chart, for many reasons. Firstly, in comparison to sales, there is no real set date for when a single hits the airwaves and it usually takes some time to grow to chart so high. Secondly, airplay itself is a pre-promotional tool so there is a lack of control over its spread of popularity. Thirdly, competition is very intense on the airplay charts as any song is eligible to chart, whereas for singles, a commercial release must be issued before it becomes eligible. When Madonna's Erotica debuted at #2 on the Hot 100 Airplay in 1992 it was a huge achievement. "Erotica" was able to gain a lot of immediate airplay due to its controversial lyrics and also from the hype surrounding the book she had released prior to the release of the single, Sex. Madonna on her Ray of Light album cover Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone (born August 16, 1959), principally known by her first name, is an American pop singer, composer, actress, dancer, author, activist, and fashion icon. ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Erotica is the title of the ninth album by singer Madonna, which was released in 1992 (see 1992 in music). ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Sex front cover Sex is a 1992 coffee table-size book by Madonna and photographer Steven Meisel which accompanied the release of her fifth studio album Erotica. ...


Most weeks at number one

"Iris" by the Goo Goo Dolls topped the airplay charts for 18 weeks in 1998. It became eligible to chart on the Hot 100 by releasing a single in December of that year, however by that time the album cut implementation had been passed. Dizzy Up The Girl is an album by Goo Goo Dolls, released in 1998 on Warner Bros. ... Goo Goo Dolls are a modern rock band, formed in 1986. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...


The longest run at number one by an album cut on the Hot 100 Airplay Chart was "Don't Speak" by No Doubt topping the charts for 16 weeks in 1996, which has subsequently been achieved also by Mariah Carey's sixteenth number one, "We Belong Together" in 2005. Dont Speak is a popular ballad and love song by California ska band No Doubt. ... No Doubt No Doubt is an American alternative rock group whose music was initially influenced heavily by ska, punk and New Wave. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... We Belong Together is a song by American singer-songwriter Mariah Carey, and is the second single from her fourteenth album, The Emancipation of Mimi. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Most impressions in a week

"We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey scored 223 million impressions in the week ending July 15, 2005. July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Largest impression gap between number one and number two positions

"We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey was nearly 119 million impressions ahead of Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" when it overtook it on the airplay charts in the week ending June 15, 2005. This was also the week when it broke the most impression records, which it has broken four times already on the weeks ending June 17, June 24 and July 1 and July 15. The song has become one of the most played songs of all time and more so than any other in Carey's career and most certainly in 2005. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This shit is bananas. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 2005 (Roman: MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hot 100 Singles Sales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (206 words)
The Hot 100 Singles Sales (also known as Singles Sales) is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States.
It measures sales of commercial singles and is one of three component charts, along with the Hot 100 Airplay and the Hot Digital Songs, that determine the chart positions of singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
With the introduction of The Pop 100, the Hot 100 Singles Sales chart information has been utilized for compiling both the Hot 100 and Pop 100 thus a recent slight name change to "Singles Sales" (to show its uses for both charts).
Billboard Hot 100 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3769 words)
A new chart, the Pop 100, has been created to answer criticism that the Hot 100 in recent years has been biased in favor of rhythmic songs, as throughout most of its existence, it was seen predominantly as a pop chart.
Billboard's Hot 100 chart policies have been modified many times over the years to accommodate changes in the record industry, but one rule always remained constant: songs were not eligible to enter the Hot 100 unless they were available to purchase as a single.
On December 5, 1998 the Hot 100 changed from being a "singles" chart to a "songs" chart.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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