FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Hossein Montazeri
Ayatollah Montazeri
Ayatollah Montazeri

Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri (Persian: حسین علی منتظری), styled His Honourable Eminence, born in 1922, was one of the leaders of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and is a Grand Ayatollah (a Shi'a marja) and as such is considered one of the highest ranking authorities in Shi'a Islam today. He currently lives in the holy city of Qom, and retains a large following amongst religious Shi'a Muslims in Iran. Image File history File links Montazeri. ... Image File history File links Montazeri. ... Ayatollah (Arabic: آية الله; Persian: آيت‌الله) is a high rank given to major Shia clerics. ... Persian is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... A marja, or marja-e-taqleed (Arabic and persian مرجع تقليد), literally source of imitation or source of tradition, is the second highest authority on religion and law in Shia Islam after the prophet and (Shia) Imams. ... Qom is famous for the shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh, first built in the late 8th century. ...


After the revolution, Montazeri was the deputy to Ayatollah Khomeini, the Supreme Leader of Iran, who once called Montazeri "the fruit of my life." Following a decision illegally made by the Assembly of Experts (Majles-e-Khobregan), Montazeri was designated to be Khomeini's successor as supreme leader, while there was no successorship in the constitution. This did not come to pass due to Montazeri's objection to Khomeini. He was outspoken regarding issues concerning human rights abuses, undemocratic political decisions and economic programs. As a result, Khomeini denounced him in a letter in 1988. [1] Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then Shah of Iran. ... Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. ... The Assembly of Experts (also Assembly of Experts for the Leadership) of Iran (Persian: مجلس خبرگان رهبری, Majles-e-Khobregan), is a congressional body for selecting the Supreme Leader and supervising his activities. ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then Shah of Iran. ...


In October 1997, Ayatollah Montazeri was placed under house arrest, started with the excuse of protecting him from hardliners, after openly criticizing the authority of the Iranian Supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei. This condition ended in 2003 [2] [3]. Montazeri still believes in the theory of velayat-e-faqih (Guardianship of the Clergy) but not as it is currently instituted in Iran today. [4] 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Guardianship of the Jurisprudents or Trusteeship of the Jurisconsults (Arabic: ولاية الفقيه Wilayat al-Faqih, Persian: Velayat-e-Faqih) is a Shia Twelver doctrine regarding Islamic leadership // Definition According to it, those most knowledgeable about Islamic law (Shariah) should assume a guiding or leading political role in society. ...


Quotes

"Either officials change their methods and give freedom to the people, and stop interfering in elections, or the people will rise up with another revolution ... There is no freedom, repression is carried out in the name of Islam, and that turns people off ... All these court summonses, newspaper closings and prosecutions of dissidents are wrong. These are the same things that were done under the Shah and are now being repeated. And now they are done in the name of Islam and therefore alienate people." (NYT)


References

  • Montazeri,Hossein-Ali (2000). “8”, "Khaterat", 471-480.
  • Dorri Najaf Abadi, Ghorban-Ali (2005). “8”, Nazari, Heydar "Khaterat e Hojat-ol-eslam val-moslemin Dorri Najaf Abadi", 1st, Tehran: IDRC (Iran Revolution Document Center), 232-233.

See also

Ayatollah Mahmoud Taleghani was a senior Shia cleric of Iran. ...

External links

  • Office of Ayatollah Montazeri, Qom
  • Leadership & legitimacy: The controversy among the clergy over who should lead the Islamic state

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m