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Encyclopedia > Hospital for Sick Children
Hospital for Sick Children
Atrium of the Hospital for Sick Children.
Designed by Eberhard Zeidler.
Location
Place Toronto, Ontario, (Canada)
Organization
Care System Public Medicare (Canada) (OHIP)
Hospital Type Teaching, Specialist
Affiliated University University of Toronto
Services
Emergency Dept. Yes
Beds 265
History
Founded 1875
Links
Website Homepage
See also Hospitals in Canada

The Hospital for Sick Children, also known as SickKids, is a world-renowned children's hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is a teaching hospital affiliated with the University of Toronto, and it is home to the world's second largest hospital-based paediatric research facility. It was founded in 1875, inspired by the example of Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, England. The hospital is located on University Avenue, a block south of Queen's Park, near Queen's Park and St. Patrick subways stations. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 110 KB)Atrium of Torontos Hospital for Sick Children created by Dhodges File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) is the government-run health plan for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... A university hospital is an institution which combines the services of a hospital with the education of medical students and with medical research. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The emergency department (ED), sometimes termed the emergency room (ER), emergency ward (EW), accident & emergency (A&E) department or casualty department is a hospital or primary care department that provides initial treatment to patients with a broad spectrum of illnesses and injuries, some of which may be life-threatening and... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This is a list of hospitals in Canada. ... Childrens hospital is a hospital which offers its services exclusively to children. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... See also: 1874 in Canada, 1876 in Canada and the Timeline of Canadian history. ... The Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children was founded in London in 1852 as the first hospital specifically for children in the English-speaking world. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... University Avenue is one of the main north-south roads in downtown Toronto. ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Queens Park is a station on the Yonge-University-Spadina line of the subway system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... St. ...

Contents

Funding

The Hospital for Sick Children from University Avenue.

Medical treatments at SickKids are covered by publicly funded health insurance, as is the case in all Canadian hospitals. The hospital foundation maintains a fund, called the Herbie Fund, for patients not covered by Canadian health insurance. The fund was established in 1979 to provide for the treatment of a seven month old patient from Brooklyn, New York named Herbie Quinones.
Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 344 pixel Image in higher resolution (871 × 375 pixel, file size: 331 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 344 pixel Image in higher resolution (871 × 375 pixel, file size: 331 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ...


History

Victoria Hospital for Sick Children

During the spring of 1875 a group of Toronto women led by Elizabeth McMaster rented an 11-room house for $320 a year. They set up six iron cots and "declared open a hospital 'for the admission and treatment of all sick children.'" Their first patient, a scalding victim named Maggie, came in on April 3. Forty-four patients were admitted to the Hospital in its first year of operation and sixty-seven others were treated in outpatient clinics.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 97 KB)Victoria Hospital for Sick Children (old HSC building) created by Dhodges File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 97 KB)Victoria Hospital for Sick Children (old HSC building) created by Dhodges File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Elizabeth McMaster (1847-1903) was a Canadian humanitarian and head of the committee which founded the Hospital for Sick Children. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1876 the hospital moved to larger facilities. In 1891 the hospital moved from rented premises to a building constructed for it at College and Elizabeth streets where it would remain for sixty years. This old building, known as the Victoria Hospital for Sick Children is now the Toronto area headquarters of Canadian Blood Services. In 1951 the hospital moved to its present University Avenue location. The hospital underwent its last major expansion in 1993 with the construction of a glass-roofed atrium on the east side of the main building. 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A typical College street sign in Little Italy, Toronto College Street is a main east-west route in downtown Toronto, Canada. ... Victoria Hospital for Sick Children was built in 1892 by Darling and Curry and served as the hospital that is now called Hospital for Sick Children or Sick Kids until 1951. ... Canadian Blood Services is a national, not-for-profit charitable organization that manages the blood supply in all provinces and territories outside of Quebec and oversees the countrys Unrelated Bone Marrow Donor Registry. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... University Avenue is one of the main north-south roads in downtown Toronto. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Looking up inside the 32-story atrium of the Shanghai Grand Hyatt, part of the Jin Mao Building. ...


Infant deaths

In 1981, tests indicated that as many as 43 babies in the cardiac ward were poisoned by deliberate administration of massive overdoses of the drug digoxin. This prompted an investigation by the Toronto police. Susan Nelles, a nurse scheduled on duty at the time of several of the deaths, was arrested and charged with first degree murder of four of the babies and she was on duty when 23 suspicious deaths occurred. During the same time frame Nelles was alleged to have murdered four babies, a total of 24 babies had died on the cardiac ward in suspiciously similar circumstances, but when she was not on duty. The digoxin deaths stopped after Nelles was arrested, but stricter policies on administrating drugs in the ward were also put in place. Charges against Nelles were thrown out at a preliminary hearing after it was revealed that she was not on duty when one of the four babies died. A Royal Commission, the Grange Inquiry, on the deaths concluded at least eight infants had been murdered and suspicion fell on another nurse. As of 2005, only Nelles was charged with a crime involving the baby deaths.[2] Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Digoxin (INN) (IPA: ) is a purified cardiac glycoside extracted from the foxglove plant, Digitalis lanata. ... Two auxillary police officers in Ramsden Park The Toronto Police Service (TPS), formerly the Metropolitan Toronto Police, is the police force for the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Susan Nelles was charged with murdering four babies in 1981, when she worked as a nurse at Torontos Hospital for Sick Children. ... In states that are Commonwealth Realms a Royal Commission is a major government public inquiry into an issue. ...


A book on the case, Death Shift: The Digoxin Murders at Sick Kids was written by Ted Bessland.


Contributions to medicine

The hospital was an early leader in the fields of food safety and nutrition. In 1908 a Pasteurization facility for milk was established at the hospital. Researchers at the hospital invented the infant cereal, Pablum. The research that led to the discovery of Insulin took place nearby at the University of Toronto and was soon applied at the hospital. Doctor Frederick Banting, one of the researchers, had served his internship at SickKids and went on to become an attending physician there. In 1991, Dr Arlette Lefebvre founded Ability Online, an online community for ill and disabled children and their families. Food safety is a scientific discipline describing the handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent Foodborne illness. ... The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Pasteurization (or pasteurisation) is the process of heating liquids for the purpose of destroying viruses and harmful organisms such as bacteria, protozoa, molds, and yeasts. ... Pablum was a cereal for infants marketed by the Mead Johnson Corporation. ... Insulin (from Latin insula, island, as it is produced in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas) is a polypeptide hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Sir Frederick Grant Banting, KBE, MC, MD, FRSC (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, doctor and Nobel laureate noted as one of the co-discovers of insulin. ... Arlette Marie-Laure Lefebvre, known by her patients as Dr. Froggie (born 1947) is a child psychiatrist at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. ... Ability Online was started in 1991 by Dr. Arlette Lefebvre (aka Dr. Froggie) and co-founder Brian Hillis, at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario. ...


Recent events

In 2004, doctors at SickKids helped save the life of 10-year-old Djamshid Popal from Afghanistan by treating his heart problem, after the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario diagnosed his illness and referred this patient.[3] The Childrens Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) is a major university teaching childrens hospital in Ottawa, Canada. ...


References

Braithwaite, Max (1974). Sick Kids; the story of the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-1636-0. 


Footnotes

  1. ^ SickKids History. Hospital for Sick Children (2005-12-15). Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  2. ^ Ontario. Report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Certain Deaths at the Hospital for Sick Children and Related Matters . Toronto: Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, 1984. (Commissioner: Samuel G. M. Grange). ISBN 0774399686 (pbk.)
  3. ^ Healthy Djamshid Popal heads home to Afghanistan. CTV (2004-11-27). Retrieved on 2006-09-14.

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

University of Toronto teaching hospitals edit

CAMH | Hospital for Sick Children | Mount Sinai Hospital | North York General Hospital |St. Michael's Hospital | Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre | Women's College Hospital | University Health Network (Toronto General Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, Princess Margaret Hospital) The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, ARF Site The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) is a consortium of mental health clinics at several sites in Toronto, Ontario. ... Mount Sinai Hospital Mount Sinai Hospital (MSH) is a hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... North York General Hospital (NYGH) is one of Torontos many hospitals and serves the area of north central Toronto (formerly North York). ... St. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Current logo of Womens College Hospital Womens College Hospital, or The New Womens College Hospital is a teaching hospital in downtown Toronto. ... The University Health Network (UHN) is an umbrella organization that encompasses three major hospitals in Toronto, Canada, as well as a family of affiliated medical laboratories and foundations. ... The R.R. McEwen atrium of the Toronto General Hospital, southwest corner of the site, view from University Avenue. ... The Toronto Western Hospital is part of the University Health Network with Toronto General Hospital on Bathurst Street and Dundas Street West in Toronto, Canada. ... Princess Margaret Hospital Princess Margaret Hospital is located in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada on University Avenue at College Street. ...

Coordinates: 43.657704° N 79.389321° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hospital for Sick Children - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (705 words)
They set up six iron cots and "declared open a hospital 'for the admission and treatment of all sick children.'" Their first patient, Maggie, was a scalding victim, and came in on April 3.
The hospital was an early leader in the fields of food safety and nutrition.
In 1908 a Pasteurization facility for milk was established at the hospital.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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