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Encyclopedia > Horst Köhler
Horst Köhler

Download high resolution version (1184x1500, 155 KB)Portrait of Horst Köhler Source: International Monetary Fund These photographs are in the public domain. ...

Term of Office: July 1, 2004 - June 30, 2009
Predecessor: Johannes Rau
Successor: incumbent
Date of Birth: 22 February 1943
Place of Birth: Skierbieszów,Poland
Profession: economist
Political party: CDU
First lady: Eva Köhler

Horst Köhler ( Sound listen, born 22 February 1943) is the President of Germany. Köhler was narrowly elected by the Bundesversammlung (Federal Assembly) on May 23, 2004, and was subsequently inaugurated on July 1, 2004. Prior to his election, Köhler had had a distinguished career in politics and the civil service, and had most recently been head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, as the last day in June. ... 2009 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Johannes Rau (born January 16, 1931) was the President of Germany from July 1, 1999 until June 30, 2004. ... The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Skierbieszów is a castle and village in Lublin Voivodship, Zamość County, Poland, on the river Wolica, about 70 km to the southeast from Lublin. ... An economist is someone who studies Economics. ... A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Eva Luise Köhler (born 1947 in Ludwigsburg as Eva Luise Bohnet) is the wife of the German President Horst Köhler. ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Federal President (German: Bundespräsident, formerly Reichspräsident) is Germanys head of state. ... The President of Germany (Bundespräsident) is the titular head of state of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Categories: Stub ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ...


Biography

Köhler was born in Skierbieszów in German-occupied Poland, as the seventh of eight children into a family of Volksdeutsche from Glückstal in Romanian Bessarabia (now part of Moldova). His parents had to leave their home in Bessarabia in 1940 during the Nazi-Soviet population transfers that followed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which awarded Bessarabia to the Soviet Union. As part of the Generalplan Ost, they were in 1942 resettled in Skierbieszów, a village in Zamosc County, Eastern Poland. As the German army retreated from Eastern Europe towards the end of World War II, the Köhler family fled to Leipzig, and in 1953 they fled to Ludwigsburg (12 km north of Stuttgart's city center) to escape from the communist regime in the GDR. Skierbieszów is a castle and village in Lublin Voivodship, Zamość County, Poland, on the river Wolica, about 70 km to the southeast from Lublin. ... Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans) is a historical term which arose in the early 20th century to apply for Germans living outside of the German Empire. ... Old map of Bessarabia Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name used by Russia to designate the eastern part of the territory known as Moldova (Moldavia in English), which was occupied by Russia in 1812. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Nazi-Soviet population transfers were a series of population transfers between 1939 and 1941 of Germans from territories occupied by Soviet Union due to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, notably Bessarabia and the Baltic states of Estonia and Latvia, all of which traditionally had large German minorities. ... Molotov (lower left), Ribbentrop (in black) and Stalin (far right) The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin pact or Nazi-Soviet pact and formally known as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and... Generalplan Ost (GPO) was a Nazi plan to realize Hitlers new order of ethnographical relations in the territories occupied in Eastern Europe during World War II. It was prepared in 1941 and confirmed in 1942. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Skierbieszów is a castle and village in Lublin Voivodship, Zamość County, Poland, on the river Wolica, about 70 km to the southeast from Lublin. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Wehrmacht was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Map of Germany showing Leipzig Leipzig [ˈlaiptsɪç] (Polish; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Ludwigsburg is a city in Germany, about 12 km north of Stuttgarts city center, by the river Neckar. ... Stuttgart is a city located in southern Germany, it is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg, and has a population of approximately 600,000 as of June 2004. ... For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ...


Köhler took his Abitur in 1963, served his military service in the mechanized infantry (Panzergrenadiere) and became lieutenant of the Reserve. He earned a doctorate in economics and political sciences from Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, where he was a scientific research assistant at the Institute for Applied Economic Research from 1969 to 1976. Abitur (official term in Germany: allgemeine Hochschulreife) is the word commonly used in Germany for the final exams young adults (aged 18 or 19) take at the end of their secondary education, usually after 12 or 13 years of schooling (Britain: A-levels). ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [oeko], house, and νέμω [nemo], distribute) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources. ... Niccolò Machiavelli, ca 1500, became the key figure in realistic political theory, crucial to political science Political Science is the systematic study of the allocation and transfer of power in decision making. ... Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen (German: Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen) is a state-supported university located on the Neckar river, in the city of Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Köhler was appointed Managing Director and Chairman of the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2000. The German government nominated him after their first nominee, Caio Koch-Weser, was vetoed by the United States. Prior to joining the IMF, he had held positions in both the public and private sectors. He was under-secretary of state in the finance ministry from 1990 to 1993, and he served as sherpa for Chancellor Helmut Kohl, preparing G7 summits and other international economic conferences. Between 1993 and 1998 he served as chairman of the association of savings banks in Germany (Deutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband). In 1998 he was appointed president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... See at the bottom of this page for other meanings of the word Sherpa. ... The head of government in Germany has traditionally been called Kanzler ( Chancellor). ... Dr. Helmut Kohl (full name Helmut Josef Michael Kohl) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... 1983 G-7 Economic Summit in Williamsburg, Virginia (left to right) Pierre Trudeau, Gaston Thorn, Helmut Kohl, François Mitterrand, Ronald Reagan, Yasuhiro Nakasone, Margaret Thatcher, Amintore Fanfani. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) was founded in 1991 to promote private and entrepreneurial initiatives in the countries of central and eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). ...


On 4 March 2004, Köhler resigned his post with the IMF after being nominated by Germany's conservative and liberal opposition parties as their presidential candidate. He was selected by Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU), currently Germany's largest oppositon party, and endorsed by its Bavarian sister party, Edmund Stoiber's Christian Social Union (CSU), as well as by the small liberal party, the Free Democratic Party of Germany (FDP) of Guido Westerwelle. As opposition parties currently control a majority of votes in the Bundesversammlung (an electoral college consisting of the membership of the Bundestag and an equal number of delegates from the legislatures of each state), the result of the vote was virtually a foregone conclusion, but was closer than expected. Köhler defeated Gesine Schwan on the first ballot by 604 votes to 580; 20 votes were cast for minor candidates, while one elector was absent because of a heart attack. March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Angela Merkel Dr. (rer. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany, founded after World War II by Konrad Adenauer among others. ... With an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Dr. Edmund Rüdiger Stoiber (born September 28, 1941) is a German politician, currently minister-president of the Bundesland of Bavaria and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU). ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative Germany. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Dr. (jur. ... Categories: Stub ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land, which may be translated as country) or unofficially Bundesländer (singular Bundesland, German federal state). ... Gesine Schwan (born 22 May 1943) is a German Political Science professor who, was the unsuccessful Social Democratic candidate for President of Germany, being defeated by the Christian Democrat Horst Köhler on May 23, 2004. ...


Köhler succeeded Johannes Rau as President on 1 July 2004, for a five-year term. Germany's presidency is a mostly ceremonial office, but carries considerable moral authority and gives the President a platform from which to represent his country internationally. While the president's regular residence Bellevue Palace is under reconstruction he has taken his office at Charlottenburg Castle in Berlin. Johannes Rau (born January 16, 1931) was the President of Germany from July 1, 1999 until June 30, 2004. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Schloss Bellevue Bellevue Palace (German: Schloss Bellevue) is a château north of the Tiergarten park in Berlin. ... Berlin (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ...


Upon his election, Köhler, a conservative German patriot, said that "Patriotism and being cosmopolitan are not opposites". "He appeared an enlightened patriot who genuinely loves his country and is not afraid to say so", the newspaper Die Welt wrote. Presenting his visions for Germany, Köhler also said that "Germany should become a land of ideas", and emphasized the importance of globalisation, and that Germany would have to fight for its place in the 21st century. Patriotism is a feeling of love and devotion to ones own homeland (patria, the land of ones fathers). ... Die Welt is a German national daily newspaper published by the Axel Springer company. ...


He is married to Eva Köhler, born Eva Luise Bohnet, a teacher of German, and they have two children, a daughter Ulrike (born 1972) and a son Jochen (born 1977). Horst Köhler is Protestant. Eva Luise Köhler (born 1947 in Ludwigsburg as Eva Luise Bohnet) is the wife of the German President Horst Köhler. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ...


External links

  • Official page of the Federal President (http://www.bundespraesident.de/en)
  • Biographical information (http://www.imf.org/external/np/omd/bios/hk.htm) (IMF)
  • Horst Köhler's speech in Berlin upon his election as president (MP3) (http://www.cducsu.de/aktuelles/audio/koehler040523.mp3) text  (http://www.faz.net/s/RubFC06D389EE76479E9E76425072B196C3/Doc~EE2DB4A5EE8FA42BAA098D0508825B300~ATpl~Ecommon~Scontent.html)
Preceded by:
Johannes Rau
President of Germany
2004-....
Succeeded by:
/

 
 

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