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Encyclopedia > Horse racing
Monmouth Racetrack in New Jersey in May 2005.
Monmouth Racetrack in New Jersey in May 2005.

Horse racing is an equestrian sport that has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times are an early example, as is the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. It is often inextricably associated with gambling. The common nickname for horse racing is The Sport of Kings. Image File history File links Monmouth Racetrack in New Jersey coming around the final turn. ... Image File history File links Monmouth Racetrack in New Jersey coming around the final turn. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the Roman class, see Equestrian (Roman) A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... A modern recreation of chariot racing in Romano-Gaul Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek and Roman sports. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... This is the article about the chief god in North Germanic tradition; for other uses see Odin (disambiguation). ... Hrungnir was a giant in Norse mythology, slain by the god Thor with his hammer Mjollnir. ... Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... Gamble redirects here. ...

Contents

Forms of horse racing

One of the principal forms of horse racing, which is popular in many parts of the world, is Thoroughbred racing. Harness racing is also popular in the eastern United States and more popular than Thoroughbred racing in Canada and parts of Europe. Quarter horse racing is also popular in the western United States and Florida. Racing with purebred Arabian horses exists in several states in the United States, as well as in most of Europe and the Middle East. Thoroughbred horse racing in the United Kingdom is governed by the Horseracing Regulatory Authority (the HRA) which makes and enforces the rules, issues licences or permits to trainers and jockeys, and runs the races through their race course officials. ... A trotter training at Vincennes hippodrome Harness racing is a form of horse-racing in which the horses race in a specified gait. ... A palomino Quarter Horse shown at halter. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


The breeding, training and racing of horses in many countries is now a significant economic activity as, to a greater extent, is the gambling industry which is largely supported by it. Exceptional horses can win millions of dollars and make millions more by providing stud services, such as horse breeding. Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Horse breeding is the process of using selective breeding to produce additional individuals of a given phenotype, that is, continuing a breed. ...


Horse racing in North America

History

Race at Churchill Downs

Horse racing in the United States and on the North American continent dates back to the establishment of another course named Newmarket -- on the Salisbury Plains section of what is now known as the Hempstead Plains of Long Island, New York in 1665. This first racing meet in North America was supervised by New York's colonial Governor, Richard Nicolls. The area is now occupied by the present Nassau County, New York region of Greater Westbury and East Garden City. The South Westbury section is also (appropriately) known as Salisbury. Composite image of Churchill Downs on Derby Day, 1901 Churchill Downs, located on Central Avenue in Louisville, Kentucky, is a thoroughbred racetrack most famous for hosting the Kentucky Derby. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... This article is about the state. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Westbury is a village located in Nassau County, New York in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 14,263. ...


Major horse racetracks in the US were built at Saratoga Springs, New York in 1863 and at Churchill Downs, Louisville, Ky., opened in 1875. 1905 saw the opening of Belmont Park in Elmont, New York (just outside New York City - on part of the western edge of the Hempstead Plains. Its mile and a half main track is the largest dirt thoroughbred race course in the world, and it has the sport's largest grandstand. Belmont Park is a major thoroughbred horse-racing facility located in the hamlet of Elmont, New York in Nassau County on Long Island (just outside of New York City). ... Elmont is a hamlet (and census-designated place) as well as suburb of New York City in Long Island, Nassau County, New York, in the Town of Hempstead. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States has its own Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, New York. The Hall of Fame honors remarkable horses, jockeys, owners and trainers. The National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame was founded in 1950 in Saratoga Springs, New York, to honor the achievements of American thoroughbred race horses, jockeys, and trainers. ...


Types of racing

The style of racing, the distances and the type of events varies very much by the country in which the race is occurring, and many countries offer different types of horse races.


In the United States, races can occur on flat surfaces of either dirt, polytrack, or grass, generally Thoroughbred racing; other tracks offer Quarter Horse racing and harness racing, or combinations of these three types of racing. Racing with other breeds, such as Arabian horse racing, is found on a limited basis. American Thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 5 furlongs to 1½ miles (2414 m); with this in mind, breeders of Thoroughbred race horses are able to breed horses that excel at a particular distance (see Dosage Index). A palomino Quarter Horse shown at halter. ... A trotter training at Vincennes hippodrome Harness racing is a form of horse-racing in which the horses race in a specified gait. ... The Arabian horse is a breed of horse with a reputation for intelligence, high spirit, and outstanding stamina. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... The Dosage Index is a mathematical figure used by breeders of thoroughbred race horses, and sometimes by bettors handicapping horse races, to quantify a horses ability, or inability, to negotiate the various distances at which horse races are run. ...

A horse race at Del Mar.

Download high resolution version (1024x767, 126 KB)Horse-racing at Del Mar?? Acquired from Jon Sullivans pdphoto. ... Download high resolution version (1024x767, 126 KB)Horse-racing at Del Mar?? Acquired from Jon Sullivans pdphoto. ... Aerial view of the Del Mar Fairgrounds and Racetrack looking northwest along the Pacific Ocean coastline. ...

Important races

The high point of US horse racing has traditionally been the Kentucky Derby which, together with the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes, form the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing for three-year-olds. However, in recent years the Breeders' Cup races, held at the end of the year, have been challenging the Triple Crown events, held early in the year, as determiners of the three-year-old Champion. The Breeders' Cup is held at a different track every year; the most recent edition (2007) was held at Monmouth Park. It also has an important effect on the selection of other annual Champions. The corresponding Standardbred event is the Breeders' Crown. There are also a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers and a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters. The Hannah Derby is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses, held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. ... The Preakness Stakes is a Grade I stakes race 1 3/16 mile (1. ... The Belmont Stakes is a prestigious American Grade I stakes race held yearly in June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. ... The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (Triple Crown for short, but the term is also used in other sports, and thus the full name should be used when it could cause confusion) consists of three races for three-year-old thoroughbred horses. ... The Breeders Cup World Thoroughbred Championships is an annual series of thoroughbred horse races sponsored by the National Thoroughbred Racing Association. ... Monmouth Park Racetrack is a one-mile oval track for thoroughbred racing in Oceanport, New Jersey. ... The Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers consists of the following horse races: Cane Pace Messenger Stakes Little Brown Jug The traditional order of the races was Cane Pace, Little Brown Jug, and Messenger. ... The Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters consists of the following horse races: Hambletonian Yonkers Trot Kentucky Futurity Since its inauguration in 1955, only seven horses have ever won the Trotting Triple Crown. ...


Betting

American betting on horse racing is sanctioned and regulated by state governments, almost always through legalized parimutuel gambling. Parimutuel betting (from the French language: pari mutuel, mutual betting) is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool; taxes and a house take are removed, and payoff odds are calculated by sharing the pool among all placed bets, rounded down...


Canada

The most famous horse from Canada is generally considered to be Northern Dancer, who after winning the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Queen's Plate in 1964 went on to become the most successful Thoroughbred sire of the 20th century; his two-minute-flat Derby was the fastest on record until Secretariat in 1973. The only challenger to his title of greatest Canadian horse would be his son Nijinsky II, who is the last horse to win the English Triple Crown. Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, home of the Queen's Plate, Canada's premier Thoroughbred stakes race, and the North America Cup, Canada's premier Standardbred stakes race, is the only race track in North America which stages Thoroughbred and Standardbred (harness) meetings on the same day. The Pattison Canadian International has the largest purse of any Canadian horse race. Northern Dancer (May 27, 1961 - November 16, 1990) was a Canadian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and the most successful sire of the 20th Century. ... The racehorse Nijinsky II (named after the dancer Vaslav Nijinsky) was a son of Northern Dancer and Flaming Page and a grandson of Nearco. ... The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (Triple Crown for short, but the term is also used in other sports, and thus the full name should be used when it could cause confusion) consists of three races for three-year-old thoroughbred horses. ... Woodbine Racetrack in the northwestern suburb of Rexdale in Toronto, Ontario is the only horseracing track in North America which stages, or is capable of staging, thoroughbred and standardbred horseracing programs on the same day. ... The Queens Plate is North Americas oldest thoroughbred horse race, run at a distance of 1 1/4 miles for 3-year-old thoroughbed horses, foaled in Canada, run annually in July at Woodbine Racetrack, Etobicoke (Toronto), Ontario. ... The North America Cup is an annual harness racing event held at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario, Canada for 3-year-old standardbred pacing horses. ...


Quarter Horse racing

Quarter Horse racing is popular throughout the entire United States. Quarter Horses are faster than Thoroughbreds, but run shorter distances. While the average Thoroughbred race is roughly a mile, the average Quarter Horse race is about a quarter of a mile (hence the name of the breed). The classic distance of a Quarter Horse race is 440 yards (400 m), but races are run from anywhere between 100 and 1,000 yards (910 m). A palomino Quarter Horse shown at halter. ...


American Quarter Horses are shorter and more muscular than their Thoroughbred cousins, and so are more suited to shorter, more explosive races. With the exception of the longer, 870-yard (800 m) distance contests, Quarter Horse races are run flat out, with the horses running at top speed for the duration. There is less jockeying for position, as turns are rare, and many races end with several contestants grouped together at the wire.


Horse racing in Mauritius

On the 25th June 1812 the Champ de Mars racecourse was inaugurated at The Mauritius Turf Club which was founded earlier in the same year. The Mauritius Turf Club is situated on a prestigious avenue in Port Louis, the Capital City and is the 2nd oldest racecourse in the world and is the oldest racecourse in the southern hemisphere. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Undeniably, racing is one of the most popular sports in Mauritius now pulling regular crowds of approximately 35,000 people and over to the only racecourse of the island.


Furthermore there were only three horses in the Maiden Cup in 1984 and yet there were over 100,000 people around the Champ de Mars horse racing track.


A high level of professionalism has been attained in the organisation of races over the last decades preserving the unique electrifying ambiance prevailing on race days at the Champ de Mars.


Champ de Mars has 4 race events a year such as: Duchess of York Club, Barbe Cup, Maiden Cup and the Duke of York Club.


Most of the horses are imported from South Africa but some are also acquired from Australia, United Kingdom and France.


The island of Mauritius situated in the Indian Ocean not far from the very large island of Madagascar.


Horse racing in South Africa

Horse racing is a popular sport in South Africa that can be traced back to 1797. The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in 1802.[1] The national horse racing body is known as the National Horseracing Authority and was founded in 1882. The premier event, which attracts 50 000 people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicap, which has been run since 1897 at Greyville Racecourse. It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, with betting running into the hundreds of million rand. However, the other notable major races are the Summer Cup, held at Turffontein Racecourse in Johannesburg, and The J & B Met, which is held at Kenilworth race track in Cape Town. The Durban July Handicap is a South African Thoroughbred horse race held annually on the first Saturday of July since 1897 at Greyville Racecourse in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. ... Greyville Racecourse is a Thoroughbred race track in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ... Turffontein Racecourse is a race track in South Africa for Thoroughbred horse racing founded in 1887 at Turffontein, Gauteng by the Johannesburg Turf Club. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - Total 2,499 km² (964. ...


Horse racing in Australia

Tambo Valley Picnic Races, Victoria, Australia 2006
Tambo Valley Picnic Races, Victoria, Australia 2006
For more details on this topic, see Horseracing in Australia.

Racing in Australia has enjoyed great success with races such as the world famous Melbourne Cup, the so-called race that stops a nation, which has recently attracted many international entries. In Australia, the most famous horse was Phar Lap, who raced from 1928-1932 (though originally bred in New Zealand). Phar Lap carried 9st 12lb (62.5kg) to win the 1930 Melbourne Cup. In 2003-2005 the mare Makybe Diva became the first and only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years. In harness racing, Paleface Adios became a household name during the 1970s, while Cardigan Bay, a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the 1960s. Horse racing in Australia is administered by the Australian Racing Board, with each states Principal Racing Authority agreeing to abide by, and to enforce, the Australian Rules of Racing. ... The Melbourne Cup is Australias major annual thoroughbred horse race. ... For the computer software, see: Phar Lap (company). ... Makybe Diva is a British-bred racehorse that was taken to Australia, where she became the first thoroughbred to win the prestigious Melbourne Cup three times - in 2003 and 2004, and again in 2005 when she also won the Cox Plate. ... The Melbourne Cup is Australias major annual thoroughbred horse race. ... A trotter training at Vincennes hippodrome Harness racing is a form of horse-racing in which the horses race in a specified gait. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Cardigan Bay (1956–1988) was a bay pacing gelding by Hal Tryax out of Colwyn Bay by Josedale Dictator. ...


Horse racing in New Zealand

Racing is a long-established sport in New Zealand, stretching back to colonial times. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


The New Zealand racing industry is a major contributor to the New Zealand economy as well as local communities across New Zealand. Racing generates more than $1.4 billion in economic activity each year and creates the equivalent of 18,300 full-time jobs.


More than 40,000 people derive their livelihoods from the New Zealand racing industry[2].


In the past year, more than one million people attended race meetings across New Zealand spending in excess of $55 million on wagering, food, beverages, transport and accommodation.


There are 69 thoroughbred and 51 harness clubs licensed in New Zealand. Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand.


The bloodstock industry is important to New Zealand, with the export sale of horses – mainly to Australia and Asia – generating more than $120 million a year.


A major source of funding for the racing industry is returns from betting on racing and sports, which is conducted by the New Zealand TAB, the retail arm of the New Zealand Racing Board.


Horse racing in Europe

Ireland

Ireland has a rich history of horse racing; point to pointing originated there and even today, jump racing (National Hunt racing) is marginally more popular than racing on the flat. As a result, every year Irish horse racing fans travel in huge numbers to the highlight event of the National Hunt calendar, the Cheltenham Festival, and in recent years Irish owned or bred horses have dominated the event. Ireland has a thriving thoroughbred breeding industry, stimulated by favourable tax treatment. The world's largest thoroughbred stud, Coolmore Stud, is there. Notable Irish trainers include Dermot Weld, John Oxx and Aidan O'Brien. Notable jockeys include Kieren Fallon, Michael Kinane, Johnny Murtagh, Ruby Walsh and Tony McCoy. The multiple Gold Cup winner Best Mate also hails from Ireland, while the great Red Rum was bred there, before moving across the Irish Sea to be trained. Arkle, rated the greatest steeplechaser of all time, was bred and trained in Ireland and became a national hero through his exploits. The legendary racemare Dawn Run was another famous Irish champion. Vincent O'Brien who trained horses at Ballydoyle in Tipperary, was one of the most successful trainers of all time, in both National Hunt racing and on the flat. Champion racehorses trained by Vincent O'Brien on the flat include Nijinsky II, Sir Ivor, Ballymoss, Alleged, The Minstrel and El Gran Senor. Point to Point racing is a form of amateur racing for hunting horses. ... National Hunt racing is the name given to the sport of horse racing in the United Kingdom and Ireland where the horses are required to jump over obstacles called hurdles or fences (except in the case of a bumper). The core of the National Hunt season is over the winter... The Cheltenham Festival is the most prestigious meeting in the National Hunt racing calendar in the United Kingdom and has race prize money second only to the Grand National. ... Worlds largest breeding operation of thoroughbred racehorses, based in County Tipperary in Ireland. ... John M. Oxx is a well known Irish horse trainer. ... Aidan P. OBrien (born October 16, 1969 in County Wexford, Ireland) [1], is an Irish horse racing trainer. ... Kieren Fallon (born February 22, 1965) in Crusheen, County Clare Ireland is a flat racing jockey and has been United Kingdom champion jockey six times. ... Michael Kinane (born June 22, 1959 at Killenaule in County Tipperary, Ireland) is a flat racing jockey. ... For the New Zealand cricketer, see: John Murtagh Johnny Murtagh (born May 14, 1970) is a flat racing jockey from Ireland. ... Ruby Walsh, Cheltenham 2005 Ruby Walsh (born Rupert Walsh on May 14 1979 in Kill, County Kildare) is the reigning Irish National Hunt champion jockey. ... Anthony Peter AP McCoy MBE (born 4 May 1974, Moneyglass, County Antrim, Northern Ireland) is a Northern Irish horse racing jockey, and is widely regarded as the greatest jump jockey to date. ... The Cheltenham Gold Cup is a Grade 1 National Hunt horse race in the United Kingdom for five-year-old and above horses. ... Best Mate (bay gelding, 28 January 1995 - 1 November 2005. ... Red Rum (bay gelding, May 3, 1965–October 18, 1995. ... Relief map of the Irish Sea. ... Arkle (19 April 1957 - 31 May 1970) was a famous Irish race horse. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Vincent OBrien is a retired Irish race horse trainer. ... Ballydoyle is a racehorse training facility located in County Tipperary in the Republic of Ireland. ... The racehorse Nijinsky II (named after the dancer Vaslav Nijinsky) was a son of Northern Dancer and Flaming Page and a grandson of Nearco. ... Sir Ivor was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse who competed from a base in Ireland. ... Ballymoss (1954-1979) was an Irish Thoroughbred Champion racehorse. ... Alleged (1974-2000) was a champion American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse best remembered as winning back-to-back Prix de lArc de Triomphes in 1977 and 1978. ... The Minstrel, (1974-1990), was a champion thoroughbred racehorse. ... El Gran Senor (b. ...


France

See also: List of French flat horse races and Category:Horseracing in France

France has a mature horse racing industry. The race with the largest international following is the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe held at Longchamp Racecourse on the 1st Sunday in October. The Grand Prix de Paris is also held at Longchamp but is run in mid July. The other two French Classic Races are Prix du Jockey Club (the French Derby) and the Prix de Diane both held in June at Chantilly Racecourse. See also: List of British flat horse races, List of Irish flat horse races Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Categories: | ... Races at Lonchamp - Édouard Manet, 1867 The Prix de LArc de Triomphe is a flat thoroughbred horse race of a 2400 metres (about 1 mile 4 furlongs) raced on turf for 3 year olds and up, Colts, horses, Fillies and mares (exclude geldings). ... The Longchamp Racecourse (French: ) is a 57 hectare horse-racing facility located on the Route des Tribunes in the Bois de Boulogne at Paris, France. ... The Grand Prix de Paris is a Group 1 flat horse race for three-year-old colts and fillies run over a distance of 2,400 metres (approximately 1 mile 4 furlongs) at Longchamp Racecourse, France in mid July. ... In France, the Classics of horse racing are a series of Group One Thoroughbred horse races run annually on the flat. ... The Prix du Jockey Club is a Group 1 flat horse race for three-year-old colts and fillies run over a distance of 2,100 metres (approximately 1 mile 2½ furlongs) at Chantilly Racecourse, France in early June. ... A derby (pronounced dar-bee /dɑːbɪ/ in most of the English-speaking world and dur-bee /dɚbɪ/ in North American English) is a type of horse race, named after the Epsom Derby, still run at Epsom racecourse in England. ... The Prix de Diane is a Group 1 flat horse race for three-year-old fillies run over a distance of 2,100 metres (approximately 1 mile 2½ furlongs) at Chantilly Racecourse, France in June. ... Chantilly Racecourse (In French: Hippodrome de Chantilly) is a Thoroughbred turf racecourse for flat racing in Chantilly, Oise, France, about 50 kilometers (31 miles) north of the center of the city of Paris. ...


Italy

The Palio di Siena (known locally as Il Palio), the most famous palio in Italy, is a horse race held twice each year on July 2 and August 16 in Siena, in which the horse and rider represent one of the seventeen Contrade, or city wards. A magnificent pageant precedes the race, which attracts visitors and spectators from around the world. Thousands of spectators, coming from all the world, fill the Piazza del Campo to capacity on the day of the Palio di Siena. ... The Palio di Siena (known locally as the Palio delle contrade) is a horse race held twice each year in Siena, in which the horse and rider represent one of the seventeen contrade, city wards. ... Palio is the name given in Italy to an annual athletic contest, very often of a historical character, pitting the neighbourhoods of a town or the hamlets of a comune against each other. ... Monmouth Racetrack in New Jersey in May 2005. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ...


See also: List of horse races in Italy // Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini Gran Premio Estrellas Gran Premio Jockey Club Gran Premio Nacional (Argentine Derby) Gran Premio Polla de Potrancas (Argentine 1000 Guineas) Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos (Argentine 2000 Guineas) Gran Premio Seleccion (Argentine Oaks) Australian Cup AJC Derby AJC Oaks Caulfield Cup Cox Plate Doncaster Handicap Golden...


Great Britain

Main article: Horseracing in Great Britain

In Great Britain, there are races which involve obstacles (either hurdles or fences) called National Hunt racing and those which are unobstructed races over a given distance (flat racing). GB has provided many of the sport's greatest ever jockeys, most notably Gordon Richards. In GB there are rules that stop the jockey using the whip too much, such as: they are not allowed to raise their whip over their shoulder. This stops them hitting the horse too hard. Horse racing in Great Britain is generally of three types, and is a major contributor to the British economy. ... National Hunt racing is the name given to the sport of horse racing in the United Kingdom and Ireland where the horses are required to jump over obstacles called hurdles or fences (except in the case of a bumper). The core of the National Hunt season is over the winter... Flat racing is a term commonly used in the United Kingdom to denote a form of horse-racing which is run over a predetermined distance and in which the horses are not required to jump over obstacles such as hurdles or fences as in National Hunt racing. ... Sir Gordon Richards (May 5, 1904 - November 10, 1988) was an English jockey, and is usually considered the worlds greatest ever jockey. ...


Races in GB are not referred to as Race 1, Race 2, etc., but by the starting time. For instance, the "1:35" or the "3:10". Each race may also have a name, which may include a sponsor's name, associated with it.


Horse racing in Asia

Hong Kong

Happy Valley Racecourse in Hong Kong at night
Happy Valley Racecourse in Hong Kong at night

The British tradition of horse racing left its mark as one of the most important entertainment and gambling institutions in Hong Kong. Established as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club in 1884, the non-profit organisation conducts nearly 700 races every season at the two race tracks in Happy Valley and Sha Tin. The sport annually draws in over 11% of Hong Kong's tax revenue. Off-track betting is available from overseas bookmakers. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1784x1084, 811 KB) This image was originally posted to Flickr as Picture 003. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1784x1084, 811 KB) This image was originally posted to Flickr as Picture 003. ... The Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC, 香港賽馬會) (formerly The Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club, 英皇御准香港賽馬會) is a non-profit organisation providing horse racing, sporting and betting entertainments in Hong Kong. ... Happy Valley Horse Racing Track is one of the two racecourses for horse racing in Hong Kong. ... Sha Tin Racecourse (Traditional Chinese: ) is one of the two racecourses for horse racing in Hong Kong. ...


Malaysia

In Malaysia, horse racing was introduced during the British colonial era and remained until today as gaming activities. There are 3 racing courses in Malaysia, namely Penang Turf Club, Perak Turf Club and Selangor Turf Club. The horse racing is legal form of gambling within the Turf Club and betting only available in turf club. Racing in Malaysia and Singapore are conducted and governed under the Rules of the Malayan Racing Association. Horse racing gambling in Malaysia are operated and organized by Pan Malaysian Pools Sdn Bhd.


Singapore

Horse racing was introduced to Singapore by the British during the colonial era and remained one of the legal forms of gambling after independence. Races are typically held on Saturdays and Sundays at the Singapore Turf Club in Kranji. Horse racing has also left its mark in the naming of roads in Singapore such as Race Course Road in Little India where horse racing was first held in Singapore and Turf Club Road in Bukit Timah where Singapore Turf Club used to be before moving to its current location in 1999. The Singapore Turf Club was founded in 1842 as the Singapore Sporting Club. ... Shophouses in Little India. ... // hello!!! so u are a fucker The summit of Bukit Timah, the highest point in Singapore. ...


India

In India, Bangalore Turf Club conducts races, which are famous along with Pune and Kolkotta. Vijay Mallya and MAM Ramaswamy, both Members of Parliament are famous horse owners, who have won record number of championships, both incidentally are industrialists


Recently, Bangalore came into news as the Government is mulling over to ban betting, which would eventually make horse racing economically unviable


In India, its not only Bangalore Turf Club which conducts races, also there are four more turf authorities who conduct racing viz. The Hyderabad Race Club,Hyderabad, The Royal Calcutta Turf Club, Kolkata, The Royal Western India Turf Club, Mumbai and the Madras Race Club, Chennai. Apart from these racing is also conducted in Delhi and mysore.


Of all the Hyderabad Race Club's racing is very popular amongst the locals here and is very competitive and Hyderabad Race Club has many firsts to its credit to popularise the thoroughbred horse racing in India. In the year 2008, the first Saturday and Sunday is the Hyderabad Race Clud's turn to host the Indian Turf Invitation Cup weekend racing carnival which is a most prestigious event of the racing calendar in India.


Japan

Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Japan
Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Japan

Japan conducts more than 21,000 horse races a year in one of three types: flat racing, jump racing (races over hurdles), and Ban'ei Racing (also called Draft Racing). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 309 pixelsFull resolution (1213 × 469 pixel, file size: 99 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 中山競馬場スタンド(2005年12月17日撮影) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Horse racing Nakayama... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 309 pixelsFull resolution (1213 × 469 pixel, file size: 99 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 中山競馬場スタンド(2005年12月17日撮影) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Horse racing Nakayama... Banei is a breed of horse, native to Japan. ...


There are a total of thirty racetracks in Japan. Ten of these tracks are known as "central tracks", where most of Japan's top races are conducted. Races at these ten tracks are conducted by the Japan Racing Association (JRA), which operates under the oversight of the Japanese government. The remaining twenty tracks are operated by municipal racing authorities and run under the affiliation of the National Association of Racing (NAR). Two tracks, Sapporo Racecourse and Chukyo Racecourse, run separate meetings under either JRA or NAR jurisdiction. The Japan Racing Association (Japanese: 日本中央競馬会 Nihon Chūō Keiba Kai, or JRA) is a public company established to operate Chūō Keiba(中央競馬 Central horse racing)and to manage racecourses, betting facilities, and horse-traning facilities. ... The National Association of Racing (Japanese: 地方競馬全国協会 Chiho Keiba Zenkoku Kyokai, or NAR) is a public company established to operate Chiho Keiba (地方競馬 horse racing by Local Government) . The Japanese horse racing organization has two of Japan Racing Association (JRA) and NAR. Asahikawa Racecourse (Asahikawa, Hokkaido) Sapporo Racecourse (Sapporo, Hokkaido) Mombetsu Racecourse... Sapporo Racecourse ) is located in Sapporo, Japan. ... Chukyo Racecourse ) is located in Toyoake, Aichi, Japan. ...


The JRA purse structure is one of the richest in the world. As of 2007, a typical JRA maiden race for three year olds carries a purse of ¥9.55 million (about US$83,000), with ¥5 million (about US$43,000) paid to the winner. Purses for graded stakes races begin at around ¥75 million (about US$650,000).


Japan's top stakes races are run in the spring and fall. The country's most prominent race is the Grade 1 Japan Cup, a 2400 m (about 1 1/2 mile) invitational grass race run every November at Tokyo Racecourse for a purse of ¥530 million (about US$4.6 million). Other noted stakes races include the February Stakes, Takamatsunomiya Kinen, Yasuda Kinen, Takarazuka Kinen, Arima Kinen, and the Tenno Sho races run in the spring and fall. The Satsuki Sho, Tokyo Yushun and Kikuka Sho comprise the Japanese Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing. The Japan Cup , JPN G-1) is a world premier horse race over 2400 meters for invited champion thoroughbred racehorses. ... Tokyo Racecourse is located in Kanto Prefecture, Japan. ... The Yasuda Kinen (English: Yasuda Memorial, Japanese and Chinese language: 安田記念) is a Japanese International Grade I Thoroughbred horse race held at the Tokyo Racecourse in Tokyo. ... The Takarazuka Kinen (宝塚記念) is a Grade I flat horse race in Japan for three-year-old and above thoroughbreds run over a distance of 2,200 metres (approximately 1â…œ miles) at Hanshin Racecourse (阪神競馬場) in late June. ... The Arima Kinen is a Japanese thoroughbred horse race, for three years old above, run over a distance of 2500 meters at Nakayama Racecourse in December. ... The Tenno Sho (天皇賞) is a race that is actually held two times per year, once in the spring and once in the autumn. ... The Satsuki Sho ) is a Japanese domestic Grade 1 flat horse race in Japan for three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies run over a distance of 2,000 metres (approximately 1 1/4 mile) at the Nakayama Racecourse, Funabashi, Chiba, in April. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kikuka Sho ) is a Japanese Domestic Grade 1 (JpnI) flat horse race in Japan for three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies run over a distance of 3,000 metres (approximately 1 7/8 miles) at the Kyoto Racecourse, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture in October. ... The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (Triple Crown for short, but the term is also used in other sports, and thus the full name should be used when it could cause confusion) consists of three races for three-year-old thoroughbred horses. ...


Japan's top jump race is the Nakayama Grand Jump, run every April at Nakayama Racecourse. Instead of running over a large course as is the case in other countries, the course for the 4250 m (about 2 5/8 mile) Nakayama Grand Jump follows a twisted path on the inside portion of Nakayama's racing ovals. The race carries a purse of ¥170 million (about US$1.4 million). The Nakayama Grand Jump is a Japanese horse racing steeplechase, held at Nakayama Racecourse every year in mid-April. ... Nakayama Racecourse is located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. ...


The top jockey in Japan is Yutaka Take, who is a multiple champion in his homeland and regularly rides Japanese horses in stakes races around the world. Yutaka Take was the regular jockey for Deep Impact, JRA's two time Horse of the Year (2005-06). Yutaka Take on the Deep Impact Yutaka Take (武豊) is a Japanese jockey who is a multiple champion in his homeland and won the Japan Cup in 1999 on the horse Special Week. ... Deep Impact (Japanese : ディープインパクト, March 25, 2002 - ) is a Japanese racehorse that won all of his first seven races, including the G1 Satsuki Sho (Japanese 2000 Guineas, 2000m in Nakayama), Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby, 2400m in Tokyo) and Kikuka Sho (Japanese St. ...


Mongolia

Mongolian horse racing takes place during Mongolia's Independence Day.


Pakistan

Horse races are held in Pakistan at three different clubs. In Lahore at Lahore Race Club, Rawalpindi at Chakri and in Karachi at KRC. Lahore Race Club was established in 1924. ...


South Korea

Horse racing in South Korea traces back to May 1898, when a foreign language institute run by the government included a donkey race in its athletic rally. However, this type of racing was sponsored for entertainment purposes only. No betting was conducted. It was in 1920s that "Modern Horse Racing" involving a betting system made its debut. In 1922, the Chosun Racing Club, the nation's first-ever authorized horse racing club, was established to make horse racing more systematic and better organized. In 1923, the pari-mutuel betting system was officially adopted for the first time in Korea. The Sinseol-dong racecourse opened in 1928 and incorporated racing clubs were allowed to have their own racecourses.


Finally in 1933 a decree on horse racing was promulgated. Under the decree, only incorporated racing clubs were entitled to conduct horse racing. The Chosun Horse Racing Authority was also established in 1933 to coordinate and control incorporated racing clubs across the nation and ensure consistency in their administration.


In 1945, the Chosun Horse Affairs Authority was renamed to the Korea Racing Authority, and efforts were made to restore the national identity in horse racing. However, the Korean War which broke in 1950 resulted in great turmoil for Korean society, thus undermining the development of horse racing. Worse yet, during the three-year war, racecourses were requisitioned for military training and horse racing came to an abrupt halt. To keep the tradition of horse racing alive, the Korea Racing Authority worked out a plan to reestablish the racecourse at Ttuksom in Seoul. The construction, which began during the war, was completed in May 1954. With its dedication, horse racing resumed, and the newly constructed Ttksom racecourse served as the hub of Korean horse racing until it was relocated to the modern racecourse in Gwacheon in 1989.


Pari-mutuel bets were tallied manually until 1984. The inefficient management of pari-mutuel betting system was a major stumbling block to broadening the fan base. To overcome this fundamental obstacle, the computerized pari-mutuel betting system was established in 1984, and at the same time, horse racing came to be televised in color, both on-&off-course. These two measures have played a decisive role in boosting attendance and turnover. For instance, in 1984, turnover and attendance increased at 67% and 58%, respectively, from the previous year.


To form a link in the chain of the program to make the most of the Olympic facilities, the government designated the KRA as the organization exclusively responsible for providing the Olympic Equestrian Park. Accordingly, the KRA secured 280 acres (1.1 km²) of the land in Gwacheon area on the southern outskirts of Seoul, and began its construction in 1984 till 1988. After the Olympics, the Park was converted into racing facilities named Seoul Racecourse and the first race was held on September 1, 1989. With the opening of the Seoul Racecourse, the 36-year-long era of the Ttuksom Racecourse came to an end and the nation's horse racing continued to make great strides. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


As part of the efforts to preserve the ponies native to Jeju Island, which has been designated as Natural Monument No. 347, the KRA began the construction of the 180-acre (0.7 km²) Jeju Racecourse at the foot of Mt. Halla in October 1987. Three years later in October 1990, the Racecourse opened for pony racing.


As an effort to raise racing quality and promote horseracing nationwide, the KRA started to construct the new thoroughbred racecourse in Busan, the second largest city in South Korea. The racecourse opened in September 2005. The stellar growth of Korean racing and KRA's internationalization efforts have drawn the international attention since the beginning of the 2000s. Led by this, in October 2002, the Asian Racing Federation decided to designate South Korea as the host of the 30th Asian Racing Conference in May 2005. Also, in June 2004, the International Cataloguing Standards Committee included Korea as one of the Part III countries, and decided to add seven South Korean Grade Races to the Blue Book list starting from 2005.


United Arab Emirates

The big race in the UAE is the Dubai World Cup, a race with a purse of six million dollars, making it the largest purse in the world. Within around two and a half years time Dubai will have a horse racing city named Meydan. UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... The Dubai World Cup is a Thoroughbred horserace event held annually since 1996 at the Nad Al Sheba Racecourse, 10 minutes away from the city centre of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


There is no parimutuel betting in the UAE.


Pedigree

For more details on this topic, see Horse breeding.

While the attention of horse racing fans and the media is focused almost exclusively on the horse's performance on the racetrack, or for male horses possibly its success as a sire, little publicity is given to brood mares. Such is the case of La Troienne, one of the most important mares of the 20th century to whom many of the greatest thoroughbred champions, and dams of champions, can be traced. Horse breeding is the process of using selective breeding to produce additional individuals of a given phenotype, that is, continuing a breed. ... La Troienne, born in France in 1926, was a Thoroughbred racing mare by Teddy (Fr), out of Helene de Troie (Fr) by Helicon (GB). ...


In most flat horse races, not including steeplechases, the pedigree of the horse is one of the things that allow it to race: the horse must have a sire (father) and a dam (mother) who are purebred individuals of whatever breed is racing. For example, in a normal harness race, the horses sire and dam must both be pure Standardbreds.


A stallion who has won many races will usually be put up to stud when he is retired. This means that the owner of a mare can pay to breed his mare to that stallion. The more successful a stallion has been, the more expensive it is to breed the mare. An owner who is serious about racing will pay a great deal for a breeding to a successful stallion. Because stallions can breed many mares per season but a broodmare can only have one foal, an owner who has had a successful colt and keeps him as a breeding stud will probably make more money than an owner with a successful filly. However, the advent of embryo transfer technology--by means of which broodmares may have more than one offspring per season--might bring changes to the traditions of breeding.


Pedigrees of stallions can be seen at Weatherbys Stallion Book and pedigrees of recent Stakes race winners can be found on sites such as the-racehorse.com. Thoroughbred pedigree database: Pedigree Query


Betting

Main articles: Gambling, Parimutuel gambling, and Mathematics of bookmaking

At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. (Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; the nationally renowned Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina, is known as one of the races which betting is illegal, because of a 1951 law in the state where betting on horse racing is illegal.) Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer Parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool. In some countries, such as UK, Ireland and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by Bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds. This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time (known as 'taking the price' in the UK). Parimutuel gambling on races also provides not only purse money to participants but considerable tax revenue, with over $100 billion wagered annually in 53 countries.[3] Gamble redirects here. ... Parimutuel betting (from the French language: pari mutuel, mutual betting) is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool; taxes and a house take are removed, and payoff odds are calculated by sharing the pool among all placed bets, rounded down... Camden is a city in Kershaw County, South Carolina, United States. ... Parimutuel betting (from the French language: pari mutuel, mutual betting) is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool; taxes and a house take are removed, and payoff odds are calculated by sharing the pool among all placed bets. ... A bookmaker, bookie or turf accountant, is an organization or a person that takes bets and may pay winnings depending upon results and, depending on the nature of the bet, the odds. ... A market maker is a person or a firm which quotes a buy and sell price in a financial instrument or commodity hoping to make a profit on the turn or the bid/offer spread. ... Parimutuel betting (from the French language: pari mutuel, mutual betting) is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool; taxes and a house take are removed, and payoff odds are calculated by sharing the pool among all placed bets. ... Gamble redirects here. ...


Types of bets

Main article: Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers

The three most common ways to bet money are: bet to win, bet to place, and bet to show. Bet to win means that you stake money on the horse, and if it comes in first place, the bet is a winner. In bet to place, you are betting on your horse to finish either first or second and 'show' is first, second or third. Since it is much easier to select a horse to finish first, second or third than it is to select a horse just for first, the 'show' payoffs will be much lower on average than win payoffs. Betting 'show' is really playing it safe while win betting is a bit more risky, yet the rewards are better. This glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers is a non-exhaustive list of traditional and popular bets offered by bookmakers in the United Kingdom. ...


In Europe, betting to show is less commonplace since the number of "payout places" varies depending on the size of the field that takes part in the race. For example, in a race with seven or less runners in the UK, only the first two finishers would be considered winning bets with most bookmakers. Three places are paid for eight or more runners, whilst a handicap race with 16 runners or more will see the first four places being classed as "placed". Betting to place takes on a different meaning in Europe for this reason. In the US a place bet would only pay out if the horse in question finished first or second, whilst in the UK, a place bet would be deemed a winner based on the aforementioned criteria.


The term "Each-Way" bet is used across the globe, but again has a different meaning depending on your location. An each-way (or E/W) bet sees your total bet being split in two, with half being placed on the win, and half on the place. US bettors would only see a payout for a first or second place finish with this type of bet, whilst European and British bettors (or "punters") would receive a payout if the horse either wins, or is placed based on the place criteria as stated above. Most UK bookmakers cut the odds considerably for an each-way bet, offering the full odds if the horse wins but only a third, a quarter or a fifth of the odds if only the place section of the bet is successful. In the UK some bookmakers will offer a sixth of the odds for a place on the Grand National and increase the number of places available to achieve this to finishing in the first five. This additional concession is offered because of the large number of runners in the race (maximum 40). Occasionally other handicap races with large fields (numbers of runners) receive the same treatment from various bookmakers. The Grand National is the most valuable National Hunt handicap horse race in the United Kingdom. ...


Betting Exchanges

In addition to traditional betting with a bookmaker, punters are able to both back and lay money on an online betting exchange. Punters who lay the odds are in effect acting as a bookmaker. The odds of a horse are set by the market conditions of the betting exchange which is dictated to by the activity of the members. A bet exchange or p2p gambling web site is a fairly recent Internet phenomenon, and is used to describe a web site acting as a broker between parties for the placement of bets (gambling, in other words). ...


Criticism

Organized groups dedicated to protecting animals, such as the Humane Society of the United States and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, target some horse sports with claims of animal cruelty. Horse racing and rodeo are most commonly targeted, due both to their high visibility and to the extreme unnecessary stress and physical danger they impose on the equines involved. Criticism of horse racing and its practices runs a wide gamut, however; while some individuals consider even fairly drastic discipline of horses non-abusive, others consider abuse to be anything done against the will of the animal in question. Some consider poor living conditions abusive, while others consider riding itself abusive. HSUS logo The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) is a Washington, D.C-based animal welfare advocacy group. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ... Cruelty to animals refers to treatment which causes unacceptable suffering to animals. ... For other uses, see Rodeo (disambiguation). ...


Some behaviors and activities are widely criticized as abusive by people within the horse industry, even if not illegal as a matter of public law, while others are so widely condemned that they have been outlawed at the federal level and violations can incur criminal penalties.


Dangers

There are many dangers in horse racing for both horse and jockey: a horse can stumble and fall, or fall when jumping an obstacle, exposing both jockey and horse to the danger of being trampled and injured.


In 1984, R.J. McCunney and P.K. Russo published a study entitled Brain Injuries in Boxing. The study demonstrated that the U.S. sport with the highest number of deaths per 100,000 participants was horse racing:


Fatality rates per 100,000 participants

  1. Horse racing: 128
  2. Sky diving: 123
  3. Hang gliding: 56
  4. Mountaineering: 51
  5. Scuba Diving: 11
  6. Motorcycle racing: 7
  7. College Football: 3
  8. Boxing: 1.3

See also

A niche in the real estate market devoted to serving the interests of horse riders. ... This is a list of horse racing tracks, sorted by country. ... List of notable jockeys, both male and female, covering jockeys who compete worldwide in all forms of horse racing. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A length is a unit of measurement used in horse racing. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Horse racing in South Africa.
  2. ^ [http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/Pubforms.nsf/URL/RacingBIMOctober2005.pdf/$file/RacingBIMOctober2005.pdf Briefing for Incoming Minister RACING October 2005 p.8]
  3. ^ NTRA Wagering Technology Working Group in conjunction with Giuliani Partners LLC (2003-08). Improving Security in the United States Pari-Mutuel Wagering System: Status Report and Recommendations. National Thoroughbred Racing Association Web Site. National Thoroughbred Racing Association. Retrieved on 2008-02-17.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

Species - Donkey - African Wild Ass - Domestic Horse - Wild Horse - Grevys Zebra - Onager - Kiang - Plains Zebra - Cape Mountain Zebra - Hartmanns Mountain Zebra Equidae is the family of horse-like animals, order Perissodactyla. ... Grass is a natural source of nutrition for a horse Equine nutrition refers to the feeding of horses, ponies, mules, donkeys and other equids. ... Horse behavior is best understood from the perspective that horses are prey animals with a well-developed fight-or-flight instinct. ... Laura knows far more about horses than Sarah ever will, ever. ... Horse breeding is the process of using selective breeding to produce additional individuals of a given phenotype, that is, continuing a breed. ... See Equine conformation ... Wild horses on the range, showing a wide range of coat colors Horses exhibit a diverse array of coat colours and distinctive markings. ... For the Roman class, see Equestrian (Roman) A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... Tack is a term used to describe any of the various equipment and accessories worn by horses in the course of their use as domesticated animals. ... a horse carries a bit in its mouth, held on by a bridle. ... A bridle is a piece of equipment used to control a horse. ... A saddle is a seat for a rider fastened to an animals back. ... Horse in harness with horse collar A Horse harness is a type of horse tack that allows a horse or other equid to be hitched to pull various horse-drawn vehicles such as a carriage, wagon, plow or sleigh. ... English riding is a term used in the United States to describe a form of horseback riding that is seen throughout the world. ... Western riding is shown in this sculpture, Great Western Tradition, by Doug Israelsen Western riding evolved from the cattle-working and warfare traditions brought to the Americas by the Spanish Conquistadors, and both equipment and riding style evolved to meet the working needs of the cowboy in the American West. ... A Welsh Cob in harness Driving, when applied to horses, Ponies, mules, or donkeys, is a broad term for hitching equines to a wagon, carriage, cart, sleigh, or other conveyance by means of a harness and working them in this form. ... Horse training refers to a wide variety of practices that teach horses to perform certain behaviors when asked to do so by humans. ... Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. ... A horse show is a judged exhibition of horses and ponies. ... A riders equitation is her/his ability to ride correctly with a strong, supple position and effective aids. ... Reconstruction, left forefoot skeleton (third digit emphasized yellow) and longitudinal section of molars of selected prehistoric horses The evolution of the horse involves the gradual development of the modern horse from the fox-sized, forest-dwelling Hyracotherium. ... There are a number of theories regarding the domestication of the horse. ... This 15th century depiction of Charlemagne and Pope Adrian I shows a well-bred Medieval horse with arched neck, refined head and elegant gait. ... A modern-day knight in late medieval style plate armor, demonstrating jousting at a Renaissance Fair. ... // Light or saddle horse breeds Heavy or draft horse breeds This page is a list of horse and pony breeds, and also includes terms used to describe types of horses that are not breeds but are commonly mistaken for breeds. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 For other uses, see Donkey (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Zebra (disambiguation). ... Binomial name A hinny is the offspring of a male horse and a female donkey (jennet or jenny). ... For other uses, see Mule (disambiguation). ... A zebra/donkey hybrid A zebroid is a cross between a zebra and any other equid: essentially, a zebra hybrid. ... Binomial name A zeedonk (also spelled zedonk) (also known as zebrass, zebronkey, zonkey, zebadonk, zenkey, zebrinny, or deebra) is a cross between a zebra and a donkey. ... A zony is the offspring of a zebra stallion and a pony mare. ... It has been suggested that Zebrula be merged into this article or section. ... This Tree of Life article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see Quagga (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Equus hemionus hemippus Geoffroy, 1855 The Syrian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus hemippus) was a wild ass found in the mountains and desert/steppe of Syria. ... Trinomial name Equus ferus ferus Boddaert, 1785 The Tarpan, Equus ferus ferus, was the Eurasian wild horse. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The History of Horse Racing (2137 words)
Horse racing began to become a professional sport during the reign (1702-14) of Queen Anne, when match racing gave way to races involving several horses on which the spectators wagered.
Wagering on the outcome of horse races has been an integral part of the appeal of the sport since prehistory and today is the sole reason horse racing has survived as a major professional sport.
The conditions under which the horse will be racing include the quality of the competition in the race, the distance of the race, the type of racing surface (dirt or grass), and the current state of that surface (fast, sloppy, and so on).
Horse racing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1493 words)
Horse racing is an equestrian sport which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times are an early example, as is the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology.
The breeding, training and racing of horses in many countries is now a significant economic activity as, to a greater extent, is the gambling industry which is largely supported by it.
American thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 4.5 furlongs (905 m) to 1½ miles (2414 m); with this in mind, breeders of thoroughbred race horses are able to breed horses to excel at a particular distance (see Dosage Index).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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