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Encyclopedia > Horowhenua District
Horowhenua
District Name Horowhenua
Population 29,800
Extent Motuiti to Waikawa Beach;

Tasman Sea to Tararua Ranges Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ...

Horowhenua is a district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ...


Unlike many other districts, it has a distinct identity, so much so that "The Horowhenua", as it is usually called, is regarded more as distinct region than as part of the region of Manawatu-Wanganui, which is how it is officially designated. Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Located north of Wellington and Kapiti, the district stretches from slightly north of the town of Otaki in the south to just south of Himatangi in the north, and from the coast to the summit of the Tararua Ranges. Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara or Poneke in Māori) is the capital of New Zealand, the countrys second largest urban area and the most populous national capital in Oceania. ... Kapiti can refer to: Kapiti Island, a small island a short distance off the New Zealand coast north of Wellington. ... Otaki is a town in the Kapiti Coast District of the North Island of New Zealand, situated half way between the capital city Wellington, 70 kilometres to the southwest, and Palmerston North, 70 kilometres to the northeast. ... Himatangi is a small settlement in the Manawatu-Wanganui region of New Zealands North Island. ... The Tararua Range (often referred to as the Tararua Ranges) is one of several mountain ranges in the North Island of New Zealand which form a ridge running parallel with the east coast of the island between East Cape and Wellington. ...


The main town and seat of the district council is Levin, and other towns in the district include Foxton, Shannon, and Tokomaru. The population of the region is approximately 30,000. Levin is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The deMolen Windmill Foxton is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Shannon is a small town in the Manawatu-Wanganui region of New Zealands North Island. ... Tokomaru is a small town in the Horowhenua, in the southwestern North Island of New Zealand. ...


Wards of Horowhenua District

  • Levin Ward
  • Waiopehu Ward
  • Miranui Ward
  • Kere Kere Ward

Much of the area was once an extensive wetland and the centre of a substantial flax industry. It has been progressively drained and converted to productive but flood-prone farmland, with a mixture of loam and peat based soils. Some parts of the wetland, particularly those around Lake Horowhenua are being returned to their former state as a conservation area, with the help of local Māori. Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... Loam is soil composed of a relatively even mixture of three mineral particle size groups: sand, silt, and clay. ... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ... Lake Horowhenua is located in the Horowhenua, an area of the southern Manawatu-Wanganui region in New Zealands North Island. ... The word Māori refers to the indigenous people of New Zealand and to their language. ...


Foxton is of historical note as the main town in Manawatu in the early years of European colonisation, and the centre of a large flax industry. Horticulture and dairying are now the main forms of primary industry in the district, and secondary industries in Horowhenua include manufacturing (especially clothing manufacture) and food processing. Binomial name Phormium tenax New Zealand Flax (Phormium tenax), known as Harakeke by New Zealand Maori for many centuries, was and still is one of the most versatile plants in the world. ...


Artesian water

Much use is made of artesian water supplies. The northern part of the district, around Opiki, is situated above a series of aquifers. These are vertically separated from each other by layers of less permeable material, known as aquacludes. Within each aquifer, there may also be pockets of less permeable material, known as lenses. In descending order, the aquifers below the Opiki district are the Foxton, the Himatangi, and the Opiki Aquifers. Over its whole extent, which is much wider than the Opiki area, the Foxton Aquifer lies mostly between 30 m and 60 m below ground level. Around Opiki it is shallower, generally between 24 m and 35 m below ground. Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well An artesian aquifer is an aquifer whose water is overpressurized. ... Opiki is a small rural settlement in the Horowhenua district of New Zealands North Island. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well. ... Permeability has several meanings: In electromagnetism, permeability is the degree of magnetisation of a material in response to a magnetic field. ...


Although not unique, the Foxton Aquifer in this area has the relatively uncommon quality of being under pressure so that when a bore is tapped into it, the water rises under its own pressure and will flow above ground; i.e. there is flowing artesian water. The head varies with ground level but can be as high as about 2.5 m above ground level. The level to which it will rise defines the potentiometric surface. For obvious reasons, the farmers and residential users who have bores tapping into the Foxton Aquifer regard this as a most useful attribute. In many cases it can avoid the necessity of pumping water from the bore and, for those even more fortunate, it can avoid the necessity of reticulating the water around farm properties by pumping systems. There are natural seasonal fluctuations in levels and pressures, but there is evidence that, even in times of extended dry periods, no property in the area loses positive pressure entirely, although some decline to a critical point. As an aside to that point, it is inevitable that the existing bores in the area will have reduced the potentiometric surface from its original level, and that future permitted bores will continue that trend. There must come a time when those properties which now become critical at those times will lose flowing artesian water. Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well An artesian aquifer is an aquifer whose water is overpressurized. ...


Sport

A combined Horowhenua-Kapiti team represents the area in the second division of the rugby union National Provincial Championship (NPC). A rugby union scrum. ... The National Provincial Championship (which for sponsorship reasons, is referred to as Air New Zealand NPC or just simply NPC) is New Zealands principal domestic rugby union competition. ...

Territorial Authorities of New Zealand
Cities:
North Shore | Waitakere | Auckland | Manukau | Hamilton | Tauranga | Napier | Palmerston North | Porirua | Upper Hutt | Lower Hutt | Wellington | Nelson* | Christchurch | Dunedin | Invercargill
Districts:
North Island: Far North | Whangarei | Kaipara | Rodney | Papakura | Franklin | Thames-Coromandel | Hauraki | Waikato | Matamata-Piako | Waipa | South Waikato | Otorohanga | Rotorua | Waitomo | Taupo | Western Bay of Plenty | Whakatane | Kawerau| Opotiki | Gisborne* | Wairoa | Hastings | Central Hawke's Bay | New Plymouth | Stratford | South Taranaki | Ruapehu | Wanganui | Rangitikei | Manawatu | Tararua | Horowhenua | Kapiti Coast | Masterton | Carterton | South Wairarapa
South Island: Tasman* | Marlborough* | Buller | Grey | Westland | Kaikoura | Hurunui | Waimakariri | Selwyn | Ashburton | Timaru | Mackenzie | Waimate | Waitaki | Queenstown-Lakes | Central Otago | Clutha | Gore | Southland
Territory: Chatham Islands
*unitary authorities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kapiti Coast District - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (406 words)
The Kapiti Coast District is the name of a local government district in the north-west corner of the Wellington Region of New Zealand.
The name of the district is derived from Kapiti Island, the prominent island several kilometres off the coast.
Some living in areas to the north and south of the district boundary consider themselves to be part of the Kapiti Coast because the island is prominent in their sea views.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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